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1.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether laparoscopic conversation to open gastrectomy causes higher morbidity and has an adverse effect on the long-term survival outcomes of patients with gastric cancer. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of the conversion on short and long-term outcomes of patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (AGC). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 871 patients who initially underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) for pathologically confirmed diagnosis of AGC between February 2009 and April 2018. The patients were grouped as the conversion (CONV) group and completed laparoscopic (LAP) group. The 1:2 propensity score matching was performed to reduce the effect of bias due to the imbalanced baseline features between the two groups. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify risk factors for conversion and poor survival. RESULTS: After propensity-score matching, 168 patients (56 in the CONV group and 112 in the LAP group) were studied. The CONV group was associated with significantly longer operation time (252.4 vs. 216.7 min, P < 0.001) and greater estimated blood loss (234.8 vs. 171.2 ml, P < 0.001) as compared with the LAP group. The time to first flatus (3.8 vs. 3.3 days, P = 0.043), time to start a liquid diet (4.1 vs. 3.5 days, P = 0.021), and postoperative hospital stay (8.7 vs. 7.6 days, P = 0.020) were significantly longer in the CONV group than that in the LAP group. The overall complication rate did not differ significantly between the CONV group and the LAP group (16.1% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.692). Both 5-year overall survival (OS) and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) did not differ significantly between the CONV group and the LAP group (P = 0.805, P = 0.945, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that lymphovascular invasion and stage III were independent prognostic factors for poor OS and DFS, whereas conversion was not. CONCLUSIONS: The conversion from laparoscopic to open gastrectomy had no negative impact on morbidity and long-term survival outcomes for patients with locally AGC.

2.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(4)2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a highly malignant cancer. More than 70% of patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of plasma miR-21, miR-122, and CA19-9, hoping to establish a novel model to improve the accuracy for diagnosing iCCA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma miR-21 and miR-122 were detected in 359 iCCA patients and 642 controls (healthy, benign liver lesions, other malignant liver tumors). All 1001 samples were allocated to training cohort (n = 668) and validation cohort (n = 333) in a chronological order. A logistic regression model was applied to combine these markers. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used as an accuracy index to evaluate the diagnostic performance. RESULTS: Plasma miR-21 and miR-122 were significantly higher in iCCA patients than those in controls. Higher plasma miR-21 level was significantly correlated with larger tumor size (p = 0.030). A three-marker model was constructed by using miR-21, miR-122 and CA19-9, which showed an AUC of 0.853 (95% CI: 0.824-0.879; sensitivity: 73.0%, specificity: 87.4%) to differentiate iCCA from controls. These results were subsequently confirmed in the validation cohort with an AUC of 0.866 (0.825-0.901). The results were similar for diagnosing early (stages 0-I) iCCA patients (AUC: 0.848) and CA19-9negative iCCA patients (AUC: 0.795). CONCLUSIONS: We established a novel three-marker model with a high accuracy based on a large number of participants to differentiate iCCA from controls. This model showed a great clinical value especially for the diagnosis of early iCCA and CA19-9negative iCCA.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(5)2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800280

RESUMO

Finger vein (FV) biometrics is one of the most promising individual recognition traits, which has the capabilities of uniqueness, anti-forgery, and bio-assay, etc. However, due to the restricts of imaging environments, the acquired FV images are easily degraded to low-contrast, blur, as well as serious noise disturbance. Therefore, how to extract more efficient and robust features from these low-quality FV images, remains to be addressed. In this paper, a novel feature extraction method of FV images is presented, which combines curvature and radon-like features (RLF). First, an enhanced vein pattern image is obtained by calculating the mean curvature of each pixel in the original FV image. Then, a specific implementation of RLF is developed and performed on the previously obtained vein pattern image, which can effectively aggregate the dispersed spatial information around the vein structures, thus highlight vein patterns and suppress spurious non-boundary responses and noises. Finally, a smoother vein structure image is obtained for subsequent matching and verification. Compared with the existing curvature-based recognition methods, the proposed method can not only preserve the inherent vein patterns, but also eliminate most of the pseudo vein information, so as to restore more smoothing and genuine vein structure information. In order to assess the performance of our proposed RLF-based method, we conducted comprehensive experiments on three public FV databases and a self-built FV database (which contains 37,080 samples that derived from 1030 individuals). The experimental results denoted that RLF-based feature extraction method can obtain more complete and continuous vein patterns, as well as better recognition accuracy.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743513

RESUMO

The endangered cold-water fish species taimen (Hucho taimen) suffer acute temperature changes in culture and wild conditions. Understanding the effects of acute temperature changes on physiological processes of this species is essential for aquaculture practices and conservation. Liver transcriptomic profiles of the taimen (n = 24) exposed to acute temperature decrease (from 20 °C to 10 °C) and acute temperature increase (from 10 °C to 20 °C) was evaluated using high-throughput RNA-Sequencing. Samples were collected at day 0, 1, 7 and 35 in both treatments. Compared to day 0, the total numbers of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the taimen after acute temperature decrease were 173, 226 and 42 at day 1, 7 and 35, respectively, and the total numbers of DEGs following acute temperature increase were 260, 253 and 282 at day 1, 7 and 35, respectively. Particularly, 14 key regulatory genes were commonly found between both acute temperature treatments. Functional analysis based on the commonly identified DEGs revealed important metabolic pathways related to metabolism and immune function, suggesting a specific response mechanism of taimen against cold and heat shock. The results may assist in developing management strategies for stress mediation caused by acute temperature changes in the taimen and other cold water fish.

5.
Talanta ; 228: 122222, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773728

RESUMO

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), as an immunological label, is widely used in biochemical assays. Here, a simple yet effective strategy for ALP activity detection was proposed on the basis of in situ formation of Prussian blue nanoparticles and polychromatic superposition effect. Firstly, ascorbic acid, a product from ALP-catalyzed hydrolysis of 2-phospho-l-ascorbic acid (AAP), converted yellow ferricyanide into ferrocyanide. Then, the specific reaction between ferrocyanide and ferric ions (Fe3+) initiated the generation of Prussian blue nanoparticles in situ. Meanwhile, the residual AAP chelated with Fe3+, and a stable Fe3+-AAP complex was quickly formed. When Prussian blue nanoparticles mixed with brown Fe3+-AAP complex and yellow ferricyanide at different ratios, a distinct color variation was presented. Therefore, a sensitive multicolor assay of ALP activity with a detection limit of 1.0 U/L was realized by simply blending commercially available reagents. Furthermore, magnetic sandwich and competitive sensing platforms for multiple biomarkers detection were constructed by combining the ALP-regulated multicolor system with the well-developed aptasensor. The feasibility of the sensors was convincingly demonstrated by using thrombin and prostate specific antigen as model targets. In addition, the proposed multicolor strategy was employed for evaluating inhibition efficiency, and shows potential in visual screening of enzyme inhibitors. Such a facile, sensitive and low-cost sensing strategy provides a new perspective to develop universal platforms of point-of-care testing.

6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1155: 338351, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766323

RESUMO

Rapid and sensitive detection of Hg2+ in the environment and drinking water is vital because of its non-degradability, bioaccumulation, and high toxicity. Herein, we report a portable evanescent wave optofluidic biosensor (EWOB) for simple sensitive detection of Hg2+ using fluorescence labeled poly-A DNA strand (CY-A14) and quencher labeled poly-T DNA strand (BQ-T14) as signal reporter and biorecognition element, respectively. Both CY-A14 and Hg2+ can competitively bind with BQ-T14 based on DNA hybridization and the specifical binding of Hg2+ and T bases of DNA to form T-Hg2+-T mismatch structure, respectively. Higher concentration of Hg2+ lead to less CY-A14 bound to BQ-T14 and thus a higher fluorescence intensity. The influence of several key environmental factors on Hg2+ biosensor, such as pH, temperature, and ionic strength, was investigated in details because they were essential for practical applications of Hg2+ biosensor. Under optimal conditions, a detection cycle for a single sample, including the measurement and regeneration, was less than 10 min with a Hg2+ detection limit of 8.5 nM. The high selectivity of the biosensor was showed by evaluating its response to various potentially interfering metal ions. Our results clearly demonstrated that the portable EWOB could serve as a powerful tool for rapid and sensitive on-site detection of Hg2+ in real water samples. The EWOB is also potentially applicable to detect other heavy metal ions or small molecule targets for which DNA/aptamers could be applied as specific biosensing probes.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 214: 112080, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677380

RESUMO

Resveratrol (RES) is a natural polyphenolic compound with a broad range of physiological and pharmacological properties. Previous studies have shown that RES also plays an important role in protecting and promoting early bone metabolism and differentiation. The accumulation of cadmium (Cd), one of the world's most poisonous substances, can inhibit skeletal growth and bone maturation, thus causing osteoporosis. However, whether RES can prevent the Cd-induced inhibition of osteogenic differentiation remains unknown. In this study, we found that RES promoted the early maturity of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, as demonstrated by the significantly increased mRNA and protein expression of a range of differentiation markers, including alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen 1 (COL1), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2). In contrast, we found that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) inhibited the viability and osteogenic maturity of MC3T3-E1 cells. We also demonstrated that RES pretreatment for 30 min provided significant protection against Cd-induced apoptosis and attenuated the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation induced by Cd by modulating ERK1/2 and JNK signaling. In conclusion, our results indicate that RES is a potential femoral protectant that not only enhance the viability and early differentiation of osteoblasts, but also protect osteoblasts from cadmium damage.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2 , Cádmio/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteogênese/genética
8.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531330

RESUMO

Monocular image-based 3-D model retrieval aims to search for relevant 3-D models from a dataset given one RGB image captured in the real world, which can significantly benefit several applications, such as self-service checkout, online shopping, etc. To help advance this promising yet challenging research topic, we built a novel dataset and organized the first international contest for monocular image-based 3-D model retrieval. Moreover, we conduct a thorough analysis of the state-of-the-art methods. Existing methods can be classified into supervised and unsupervised methods. The supervised methods can be analyzed based on several important aspects, such as the strategies of domain adaptation, view fusion, loss function, and similarity measure. The unsupervised methods focus on solving this problem with unlabeled data and domain adaptation. Seven popular metrics are employed to evaluate the performance, and accordingly, we provide a thorough analysis and guidance for future work. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first benchmark for monocular image-based 3-D model retrieval, which aims to help related research in multiview feature learning, domain adaptation, and information retrieval.

9.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606932

RESUMO

A visible-light-driven, photocatalyst-free route starting from easily accessed ortho-hydroxycinnamic esters and O-perfluoropyridin-4-yl oximes has been successfully developed to rapidly assemble a wide range of 3-cyanoalkyl coumarins. This process does not require addition of external photocatalysts, exhibiting beneficial features including mild reaction conditions, synthetic simplicity, and excellent substrate compatibility. Extensive mechanistic investigations revealed that the in situ generated phenolate anions served as photosensitizers to drive this photoinduced transformation.

10.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611635

RESUMO

Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is an indigenous intestinal bacterium and has potential to be applied as probiotic supplement. Low pH is one of the main stresses that E. faecalis has to deal with to colonize in the gastrointestinal tract. Previous study indicated low concentration of flavonoids may enhance the tolerance of probiotic to environmental stress. In the present research, transcriptome analysis was employed to investigate the influence of Cyclocarya paliurus flavonoids (CPF) on E. faecalis exposed to low pH environment. The results revealed that under the stress of low pH, genes related to cell wall and membrane, transmembrane transport, metabolism process, energy production, and conversion stress proteins were significantly differentially expressed. And certain undesired changes of which (such as genes for MFS transporter were downregulated) could be partially mitigated by CPF intervention, indicating their capacity to improve the low pH tolerance of E. faecalis. Results from this study deepened our understanding of the beneficial role of CPF on the probiotic in the gastrointestinal environment.

11.
Dermatol Surg ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a benign vascular lesion that is commonly observed in the skin and mucosa. Sclerotherapy is the first-line conservative treatment option for PG. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of sclerotherapy with 1.0% polidocanol for the treatment of PG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who were clinically diagnosed with PG consecutively at the Pediatric Outpatient Service of Qilu Children's Hospital of Shandong University from March 2018 to October 2019 received sclerotherapy with 1.0% polidocanol. RESULT: The procedure resulted in the complete excision of PG, with inconspicuous scars. The procedure was well-tolerated, and recurrence was not observed. Allergic reactions, cutaneous necrosis, and pigmentary changes were not observed. CONCLUSION: Sclerotherapy with 1.0% polidocanol is considered an effective treatment for PGs in children. Early treatment was associated with a more favorable outcome.

13.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 22, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413637

RESUMO

PURPOSE AND BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that promoting endogenous neurogenesis has great significance for the recovery of cognitive dysfunction caused by cerebral ischemia (CI). Pharmacological inhibition of GABAB receptor can enhance neurogenesis in adult healthy and depressed mice. In the study, we intended to investigate the effects of GABAB receptor antagonists on cognitive function and hippocampal neurogenesis in mice following CI. METHODS: Adult mice were subjected to bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) for 20 min to induce CI and treated with CGP52432 (antagonist of GABAB receptor, CGP, 10 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection) starting 24 h after CI. The Morris water maze test was performed to test spatial learning and memory at day 28. Immunofluorescence was applied to detect neurogenesis in the DG region at day 14 and 28. In in vitro experiments, cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 and immunofluorescence, and the expression of cAMP/CREB signaling pathway-related proteins was detected by ELISA assay and Western blot. RESULTS: CGP significantly improved spatial learning and memory disorders caused by CI, and it enhanced the proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs), the number of immature neurons, and the differentiation from newborn cells to neurons. In vitro experiments further confirmed that CGP dose-dependently enhanced the cell viability of NSCs, and immunofluorescence staining showed that CGP promoted the proliferation of NSCs. In addition, treatment with CGP increased the expression of cAMP, PKA, and pCREB in cultured NSCs. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of GABAB receptor can effectively promote hippocampal neurogenesis and improve spatial learning and memory in adult mice following CI.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111543, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396091

RESUMO

Acrylamide (ACR) is generated during thermal processing of carbohydrate-rich foods at high temperature and can directly enter the body through ingestion, inhalation and skin contact. The toxicity of ACR has been widely studied. The main results of these studies show that exposure to ACR can cause neurotoxicity in both animals and humans, and show reproductive toxicity and carcinogenicity in rodent animal models. However, the mechanism of toxicity of ACR has not been studied by metabolomics approaches, and the effect of ACR on autophagy remains unknown. Here, U2OS cell were treated with ACR 6 and 24 h and collected for further study. We have demonstrated that ACR inhibited autophagic flux, and increased ROS content. Accumulation of ROS resulted in increase of apoptosis rates and secretion of inflammatory factors. In addition, significant differences in metabolic profiles were observed between ACR treated and control cells according to multiple analysis models. A total of 73 key differential metabolites were identified. They were involved in multiple metabolic pathways. Among them, exposure to ACR caused glycolysis/gluconeogenesis attenuation by decreasing levels of glycolytic intermediates, reduced the rate of the TCA cycle, while elevating levels of several amino acid metabolites and lipid metabolites. In summary, our study provides useful evidence of cytotoxicity caused by ACR via metabolomics and multiple bioanalytic methods.


Assuntos
Acrilamida/toxicidade , Substâncias Perigosas/toxicidade , Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1145: 9-16, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453885

RESUMO

A label-free method for exosome detection was proposed. It is based on the target-responsive controllability of oxidase-like activity of Cu/Co bimetallic metal-organic frameworks (CuCo2O4 nanorods). In the absence of exosomes, the oxidase-like activity was inhibited due to the adsorption of CD63 aptamer onto nanorods' surface. In the presence of exosomes, CD63 aptamer was disassembled from CuCo2O4 nanorods by virtue of CD63 aptamer-exosome recognition, which resulted in the recovery of oxidase-like activity. The activity inhibition is attributed to the fact that the ssDNA adsorption hindered the electron transfer between CuCo2O4 nanorods and colorimetric substrates. Under optimal conditions, a sensitive colorimetric method for detecting exosomes was established over a range of 5.6 × 104 to 8.9 × 105 particles µL-1 with a detection limit of 4.5 × 103 particles µL-1. The method was further applied in distinguishing healthy people and breast cancer patients by testing exosomes in the serum samples and showed satisfying differentiation ability.

16.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 61(1): 139-148, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997655

RESUMO

Under the control of the host circadian rhythms, intestinal microbiota undergoes dietary-dependent diurnal fluctuations in composition and function. In addition, microbiome plays a critical role in maintaining the host circadian rhythms and metabolic homeostasis. The interactions between host circadian rhythms and intestinal microbiota suggest that intervention with prebiotics or probiotic is a possible way to alleviate circadian rhythm misalignment and related metabolic diseases. This review discusses the circadian rhythm oscillations of gut flora, relationship between host circadian rhythms and microbiome and related effects on metabolism. The influence on circadian rhythms by the interactions between tea polyphenols (TP) and intestinal microbiota is highlighted.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Ritmo Circadiano , Sinais (Psicologia) , Saúde , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Chá
18.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 48: 101813, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264698

RESUMO

Y- Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province in the northeast China. In this study, we genotyped and investigated haplotypes of 27 Y-STR loci in 1037 Changchun Han male individuals using commercially available AmpFlSTR Yfiler® Plus kit. We calculated the Gene diversity (GD) values and haplotype diversity (HD) as important forensic parameters. Furthermore, we observed genetic affinities between Changchun Han with other Northern Han Chinese populations and also Korans in Yanbian in the Multidimensional scaling and phylogenetic tree analysis.

19.
Food Res Int ; 138(Pt A): 109769, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292949

RESUMO

Host circadian rhythm and gut microbiota have a bidirectional relationship, indicating that prebiotics or prebiotic-like substance is a possible way to regulate circadian rhythm. The modulatory effect of Cyclocarya paliurus flavonoids (CPF) on the intestinal microbiota and liver clock genes of a circadian rhythm disorder mouse model was investigated in the present study. 16S rDNA sequencing analysis showed that CPF ameliorated the imbalanced intestinal microbial structure induced by circadian rhythm disorder. Compared with the constant darkness (CD) group, the ratio of the relative abundance of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes was significantly decreased after the intervention of CPF for 4 weeks. In addition, CPF significantly alleviated the disrupted diurnal oscillation and phase shift of the specific intestinal microbes and liver clock genes induced by constant darkness. Moreover, metagenomics analysis of gut microbiota showed that the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways enriched the most differentially expressed genes (DEGs) after CPF administration includes xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and cell motility. The results suggested that CPF may positively regulate the gut flora disturbed by host circadian rhythm disorder, including its composition, diurnal oscillation and function, as well as affect the expression of liver clock genes, thus improving the host micro-ecology and health.

20.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221193

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report the effectiveness and safety of transcatheter arterial sclerosing embolization (TASE) for the treatment of parotid infantile hemangiomas that did not respond appreciably to propranolol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 infants (12 male and 9 female) with large propranolol-resistant infantile hemangiomas in the parotid region were enrolled in this study. During TASE, the feeding arteries of the lesions were embolized using pingyangmycin-lipiodol emulsion and polyvinyl alcohol particles (300-500 µm) to reduce the blood flow rate. All children were followed up as outpatients at 2 weeks and monthly thereafter. The curative effect was evaluated at the 1- and 3-month follow-up visits. RESULTS: Nine lesions were located on the right side of the parotid gland, whereas 12 were located on the left side. The feeding arteries in all patients originated from branches of the external carotid artery. TASE was technically successful in all patients. The mean (± SD) maximal diameter of the hemangiomas significantly decreased from 6.50 cm ± 2.28 before treatment to 3.56 cm ± 1.84 at 1 month after TASE (P <. 05). Three months after TASE, the mean maximal diameter further significantly decreased to 1.94 cm ± 1.58 (P <. 05). During the follow-up period, 16 cases were rated as excellent and 5 as good; no recurrence or serious complications were noted. Minor side effects, such as slight pain, mild fever, and tissue swelling, were observed. CONCLUSIONS: TASE significantly decreased the size of the parotid hemangiomas with minor side effects during a short follow-up period.

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