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1.
Clin Chim Acta ; 497: 147-152, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Defects in the human thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) gene are reported to be one of the causes of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). We aimed to identify mutations in Chinese patients with CH and analyze the relationships between TSHR phenotypes and clinical phenotypes. METHODS: 220 patients with primary CH were screened for TSHR mutations by performing next-generation sequencing. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of TSHR were analyzed. The function of 8 mutants in TSHR were further investigated in vitro. RESULTS: Among 220 patients with CH, 15 distinct TSHR mutations were identified in 13 patients (5.91%, 13/220, including our previous reported 110 patients, carried with 10 mutations in 8 patients). We found five distinct mutations in the additional cohort of 110 CH patients and identified 7 mutations (including a novel mutation, p.S567R) were loss-of-function mutations. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that the prevalence of TSHR mutations was 5.91% among studied Chinese patients with CH. One novel TSHR variant was found and four genetic alterations revealed important role of the Ile216, Ala275, Asn372, Ser567 residues in signaling.

2.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 494: 110492, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255731

RESUMO

Approximately 20% of Graves' disease (GD) patients may result eventually in hypothyroidism in their natural course. Uterus globulin-associated protein 1 (UGRP1) was associated with GD in our previous study. Here we investigated the role of UGRP1 in the development of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). The results showed that UGRP1 was expressed in the thyrocytes of most Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) patients and a proportion of GD patients (293 HT and 198 GD). The pathologic features of UGRP1-positive thyrocytes resembled "Hürthle cells", and were surrounded by infiltrated leukocytes. The positivity rate of TPOAb in UGRP1-positive GD patients was much higher than that in -negative GD patients. Moreover, UGRP1 was co-expressed with Fas and HLA-DR in the thyrocytes of AITD patients. We also found IL-1ß but not Th1 or Th2 cytokines was able to upregulate the expression of UGRP1. Our findings indicated that UGRP1 may be a novel marker in thyrocytes to predict GD patients who develop hypothyroidism.

3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(5): e193348, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050781

RESUMO

Importance: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a potentially lethal complication of hyperthyroidism. However, only 1 specific susceptibility locus for TPP has been identified. Additional genetic determinants should be detected so that a prediction model can be constructed. Objective: To investigate the genetic architecture of TPP and distinguish TPP from Graves disease cohorts. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based case-control study used a 2-stage genome-wide association study to investigate the risk loci of TPP and weighted genetic risk score to construct a TPP prediction model with data from a Chinese Han population recruited in hospitals in China from March 2003 to December 2015. The analysis was conducted from November 2014 to August 2016. Main Outcomes and Measures: Loci specifically associated with TPP risk and those shared with Graves disease and prediction model of joint effects of TPP-specific loci. Results: A total of 537 patients with TPP (mean [SD] age, 35 [11] years; 458 male) 1519 patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (mean [SD] age, 38 [13] years; 366 male), and 3249 healthy participants (mean [SD] age, 46 [10] years; 1648 male) were recruited from the Han population by hospitals throughout China. Two new TPP-specific susceptibility loci were identified: DCHS2 on 4q31.3 (rs1352714: odds ratio [OR], 1.58; 95% CI, 1.35-1.85; P = 1.24 × 10-8) and C11orf67 on 11q14.1 (rs2186564: OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.29-1.74; P = 2.80 × 10-7). One previously reported specific locus was confirmed on 17q24.3 near KCNJ2 (rs312729: OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.83-2.38; P = 8.02 × 10-29). Meanwhile, 2 risk loci (MHC and Xq21.1) were shared by Graves disease and TPP. After 2 years of treatment, the ratio of persistent thyrotropin receptor antibody positivity was higher in patients with TPP than in patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (OR, 3.82; 95% CI, 2.04-7.16; P = 7.05 × 10-6). The prediction model using a weighted genetic risk score and 11 candidate TPP-specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms had an area under the curve of 0.80. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings provide evidence that TPP is a novel molecular subtype of Graves disease. The newly identified loci, along with other previously reported loci, demonstrate the growing complexity of the heritable contribution to TPP pathogenesis. A complete genetic architecture will be helpful to understand the pathophysiology of TPP, and a useful prediction model could prevent the onset of TPP.

4.
Asian J Androl ; 21(6): 577-581, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031332

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the genetics, clinical features, and therapeutic approach of 14 patients with 5α-reductase deficiency in China. Genotyping analysis was performed by direct sequencing of PCR products of the steroid 5α-reductase type 2 gene (SRD5A2). The 5α-reductase activities of three novel mutations were investigated by mutagenesis and an in vitro transfection assay. Most patients presented with a microphallus, variable degrees of hypospadias, and cryptorchidism. Eight of 14 patients (57.1%) were initially reared as females and changed their social gender from female to male after puberty. Nine mutations were identified in the 14 patients. p.G203S, p.Q6X, and p.R227Q were the most prevalent mutations. Three mutations (p.K35N, p.H162P, and p.Y136X) have not been reported previously. The nonsense mutation p.Y136X abolished enzymatic activity, whereas p.K35N and p.H162P retained partial enzymatic activity. Topical administration of dihydrotestosterone during infancy or early childhood combined with hypospadia repair surgery had good therapeutic results. In conclusion, we expand the mutation profile of SRD5A2 in the Chinese population. A rational clinical approach to this disorder requires early and accurate diagnosis, especially genetic diagnosis.

5.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 104(6): 2121-2130, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30649410

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Graves disease (GD) is a common thyroid-specific autoimmune disease and one of the most heritable diseases in the population. We present a risk-prediction model, including confirmed, known genetic variants associated with GD. DESIGN: To construct a stable-prediction model, we used known GD susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as markers and trained and tested our model in a cohort of 4897 patients with GD and 5098 healthy controls. We weighted the contribution of each SNP to the disease to calculate the weighted genetic risk score (wGRS) for each individual. The efficiency of this model can be estimated by the area under the curve (AUC) receiver operator characteristic curve and the specificity and sensitivity of each wGRS. RESULTS: With the 20 confirmed GD risk-related SNPs, our wGRS-prediction model could predict patients with GD from the general population (AUC 0.70 [95% CI: 0.69 to 0.71]) and did especially well in predicting patients with GD with persisting thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody positive [pTRAb+; AUC 0.74 (95% CI: 0.72 to 0.76)]. We also evaluated how the four pTRAb+ specific risk SNPs predicted patients with GD with pTRAb+ among all patients with GD [AUC 0.62 (95% CI: 0.61 to 0.63)]. For clinical use, we partitioned subjects in each set into different risk categories to generate the wGRS cutoff of high risk for reference. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides an approach to predict GD risk in the general population by the calculation of the wGRS of 20 known GD susceptibility variants. The wGRS-prediction model was more stable and convenient, whereas the prediction performance was still modest.

6.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 89(6): 840-848, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30176063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the six susceptibility loci of GD identified from European population in Chinese Han population and further to estimate the genetic heterogeneity of them in stratification of our GD patients. DESIGN: Dense mapping studies based on GWAS. PATIENTS: A total of 1536 GD patients and 1516 controls in GWAS stage and 1994 GD patients and 2085 controls and 5033 GD patients and 5389 controls in two replication stages. MEASUREMENTS: Based on our previous GWAS data, independently GD-associated SNPs in each region were identified by TagSNP analysis and logistic regression analysis. The association of these SNPs was investigated in 1994 GD patients and 2085 controls, and then, the significantly associated SNPs (P < 0.05) were further genotyped in a second cohort including 5033 GD patients and 5389 controls. RESULTS: After the first replication stage, four SNPs from three regions with Pfirst  < 0.05 were further selected and genotyped in another independent cohort. The association of two SNPs with GD was confirmed in combined Chinese cohorts: rs12575636 at 11q21 (Pcombined  = 7.55 × 10-11 , OR = 1.27) and rs1881145 in TRIB2 at 2p25.1 (Pcombined  = 5.59 × 10-8 , OR = 1.14). Further study disclosed no significant difference for these SNPs between GD subsets. However, eQTL data revealed that SESN3 could be a potential susceptibility gene of GD in 11q21 region. CONCLUSIONS: Out of the six susceptibility loci of GD identified from European population, two risk loci were confirmed in a large Chinese Han population. There is variability in GD genetic susceptibility in different ethnic groups. SESN3 is a potential susceptible gene of GD in 11q21.

7.
J Med Genet ; 55(10): 685-692, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29987165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The classical human leucocyte antigen (HLA) genes were the most important genetic determinant for Graves' disease (GD). The aim of the study was to fine map causal variants of the HLA genes. METHODS: We applied imputation with a Pan-Asian HLA reference panel to thoroughly investigate themajor histocompatibility complex (MHC) associations with GD down to the amino acid level of classical HLA genes in 1468 patients with GD and 1490 controls of Han Chinese. RESULTS: The strongest finding across the HLA genes was the association with HLA-DPß1 position 205 (Pomnibus=2.48×10-33). HLA-DPA1*02:02 was the strongest association among the classical HLA alleles, which was in perfect linkage disequilibrium with HLA-DPα1 residue Met11 (OR=1.90, Pbinary=1.76×10-31). Applying stepwise conditional analysis, we identified amino acid position 205 in HLA-DPß1, position 66 and 99 in HLA-B and position 28 in HLA-DRß1 explain majority of the MHC association to GD risk. We further evaluated risk of two clinical subtypes of GD, namely persistent thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody -positive (pTRAb+) group and 'non-persistent TRAb positive' (pTRAb-) group after antithyroid drug therapy. We found that HLA-B residues Lys66-Arg69-Val76 could drive pTRAb- GD risk alone, while HLA-DPß1 position 205, HLA-B position 69 and 199 and HLA-DRß1 position 28 drive pTRAb+ GD risk. The risk heterogeneity between pTRAb+ and pTRAb- GD might be driven by HLA-DPα1 Met11. CONCLUSIONS: Four amino acid positions could account for the associations of MHC with GD in Han Chinese. These distinct HLA association patterns indicated the two subtypes have distinct molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis.

8.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 178(6): 623-633, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29650690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH), the most common neonatal metabolic disorder, is characterized by impaired neurodevelopment. Although several candidate genes have been associated with CH, comprehensive screening of causative genes has been limited. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred ten patients with primary CH were recruited in this study. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of 21 candidate genes for CH were analyzed by next-generation sequencing. And the inheritance pattern of causative genes was analyzed by the study of family pedigrees. RESULTS: Our results showed that 57 patients (51.82%) carried biallelic mutations (containing compound heterozygous mutations and homozygous mutations) in six genes (DUOX2, DUOXA2, DUOXA1, TG, TPO and TSHR) involved in thyroid hormone synthesis. Autosomal recessive inheritance of CH caused by mutations in DUOX2, DUOXA2, TG and TPO was confirmed by analysis of 22 family pedigrees. Notably, eight mutations in four genes (FOXE1, NKX2-1, PAX8 and HHEX) that lead to thyroid dysgenesis were identified in eight probands. These mutations were heterozygous in all cases and hypothyroidism was not observed in parents of these probands. CONCLUSIONS: Most cases of congenital hypothyroidism in China were caused by thyroid dyshormonogenesis rather than thyroid dysgenesis. This study identified previously reported causative genes for 57/110 Chinese patients and revealed DUOX2 was the most frequently mutated gene in these patients. Our study expanded the mutation spectrum of CH in Chinese patients, which was significantly different from Western countries.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/genética , China , Oxidases Duais/genética , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Iodeto Peroxidase/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/genética , Linhagem , Receptores da Tireotropina/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tireoglobulina/genética , Disgenesia da Tireoide/genética , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
9.
Oncotarget ; 8(56): 96126-96138, 2017 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29221192

RESUMO

Background: Studies have shown an association of the UNC5D gene with kidney and bladder cancer and neuroblastoma. We investigated whether UNC5D acts as a tumor suppressor in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Primary PTC tumors and matched normal thyroid tissues were obtained from 112 patients to detect UNC5D mRNA by real-time PCR. Genomic DNA sequencing was performed to detect BRAF mutation in PTC tumors. The association between UNC5D expression and clinicopathological data from PTC patients was reviewed retrospectively. PTC-derived cancer cell lines TPC-1 and K1 with stable transfection of UNC5D were used to investigate the functions of UNC5D. Flow cytometry, CCK-8, Transwell assay and scratch tests were used to examine cell cycle distribution, proliferation and migration. Results: The expression of UNC5D was significantly decreased in PTC compared with adjacent normal thyroid tissues. Lower UNC5D expression was significantly associated with aggressive tumor behaviors, such as lymph node metastasis and BRAF mutation. Overexpression of UNC5D significantly suppressed malignant cell behaviors, including cell proliferation and migration, as well as tumor growth in vivo. Conclusions: These findings suggest a potential tumor suppressor role of UNC5D in PTC progression; and provide insight into potential clinical relevance for the prognosis of PTC.

10.
Int J Cancer ; 140(1): 103-108, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27646734

RESUMO

Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may account for resistance after a period of targeted therapies because drugs destroy only a portion of tumor cells. The recognition of ITH helps identify high-risk patients to make effective treatment decisions. However, ITH studies are confounded by interpatient heterogeneity in NSCLC and a large amount of passenger mutations. To address these issues, we recruited NSCLC patients carrying TP53 mutations and selected driver mutations within recurrently mutated genes in NSCLC. A total of 12-paired normal-tumor tissues were subjected to whole-genome/whole-exome sequencing. From these, 367 non-silent mutations were selected as driver mutations and deeply sequenced in 61 intratumoral microdissections. We identified a universal prevalence of heterogeneity in all 12 tumors, indicating branched evolution. Although TP53 mutations were observed in single biopsy of all 12 tumors, most tumors consist of both TP53 mutated and non-mutated cells in separate regions within the same tumor. This suggests the late molecular timing of the acquisition of TP53 mutations; therefore, the detection of TP53 mutations in a single biopsy may simply not reflect the early malignant potential. In addition, we identified regions of loss of heterozygosity surrounding TP53 and CDKN2A mutations in tumor 711, which also exhibited heterogeneity in different regional samples. Because the ITH of driver mutations likely has clinical consequences, further efforts are needed to limit the impact of ITH and to improve therapeutic efficiency, which will benefit NSCLC patients receiving targeted treatments.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Progressão da Doença , Evolução Molecular , Heterogeneidade Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Filogenia
11.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 102(2): 652-660, 2017 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27809695

RESUMO

Context: Graves disease (GD) is a common autoimmune disease triggered by genetic predisposition and environmental factors. However, the mechanisms of interaction between genetic and environmental factors contributing to the development of GD remain unknown. Objective: We aimed to identify GD susceptibility variants and genes on Xq21.1 locus and interpret the contribution of interaction between genetic predisposition on Xq21.1 and environmental factors to GD. Design: We performed refining study on Xq21.1 in a 2-stage study and carried out expression quantitative trait locus analysis of the best association signal with GD. Setting and Participants: A total of 4316 GD patients and 4374 sex-matched controls were collected from the Chinese Han population by cooperation with multiple hospitals. Results: We identified that rs3827440 or its linkage single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were probably the causal variant in the Xq21.1 locus, with the most substantial association with GD in our combined cohorts (P = 2.45 × 10-15). The genotypes of rs3827440 were correlated with the expression of ITM2A in monocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy volunteers. Notably, the expression of ITM2A in monocytes after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-γ (INF-γ) stimulation showed substantial difference among the volunteers that carried different genotypes of rs3827440 (P = 9.40 × 10-7 and P = 1.26 × 10-5 for 24 hours' LPS and INF-γ stimulation, respectively). Moreover, ITM2A expression was significantly decreased in PBMCs from untreated GD patients than that from controls. Conclusion: The results suggest that ITM2A might be a susceptibility gene for GD in the Xq21.1 locus, and environmental factors, such as viral and bacterial infections, probably contribute to GD pathogenesis by interacting with the risk SNP rs3827440 mediating the regulation of ITM2A expression.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Doença de Graves/etiologia , Doença de Graves/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Viroses/complicações , China , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Doença de Graves/sangue , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas
12.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 433: 66-74, 2016 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27256151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aromatase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that is caused by an impairment of androgen conversion to estrogens. Affected 46, XX individuals generally present with virilization of external genitalia at birth and mutations in CYP19A1 gene. OBJECTIVE: This study described the clinical features and molecular basis of a Chinese 46, XX girl born with ambiguous genitalia and investigated the functional alteration of two novel mutations of the CYP19A1 gene. METHODS AND RESULTS: Obvious prepartum virilization and remarkably elevated testosterone were observed in the mother, who was initially suspected to have a testosterone-producing ovarian tumor. Clinical phenotypes and hormone profiles of the patient and her mother were investigated. Genotyping analyses of the CYP19A1 gene were performed in the patient and her parents. Functional impairment of the mutations was explored using three-dimensional computer model and mutagenesises in vitro transfection assays. A compound heterozygous mutation of the CYP19A1 gene was revealed in the patient, with a G deletion in nucleotide 264 of exon 3 in one allele and a 23-bp insertion in exon 9 in another allele; both mutations resulted in reading frame-shifts that led to truncated proteins of 87 and 360 amino acids, respectively. Molecular modeling analysis suggested that the two renascent truncated proteins lacked crucial amino acids that were involved in substrate access and catalysis as well as heme-binding region. Functional studies in transfected HEK-293T cells exhibited a nearly complete abolishment of enzyme activity, which may underlie the phenotype and hormone profile. CONCLUSIONS: Two novel CYP19A1 mutations were identified in a Chinese girl born with ambiguous genitalia and severe maternal virilization during pregnancy. Maternal virilization should prompt consideration of aromatase deficiency, preventing unnecessary interventions in pregnancy. This study broadens the spectrum of phenotype and genetic mutations of this rare disorder.


Assuntos
Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual/genética , Aromatase/deficiência , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Ginecomastia/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/genética , Mutação/genética , Alelos , Aminoácidos/genética , Aromatase/genética , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Células HEK293 , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Fenótipo , Testosterona/metabolismo , Virilismo/genética
13.
EBioMedicine ; 2(11): 1718-24, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26870797

RESUMO

Adipokines such as leptin play important roles in the regulation of energy metabolism, particularly in the control of appetite. Here, we describe a hormone, mimecan, which is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue. Mimecan was observed to inhibit food intake and reduce body weight in mice. Intraperitoneal injection of a mimecan-maltose binding protein (-MBP) complex inhibited food intake in C57BL/6J mice, which was attenuated by pretreatment with polyclonal antibody against mimecan. Notably, mimecan-MBP also induced anorexia in A(y)/a and db/db mice. Furthermore, the expression of interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 was up-regulated in the hypothalamus by mimecan-MBP, as well as in N9 microglia cells by recombinant mouse mimecan. Taken together, the results suggest that mimecan is a satiety hormone in adipose tissue, and that mimecan inhibits food intake independently of leptin signaling by inducing IL-1ß and IL-6 expression in the hypothalamus.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Leptina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Peso Corporal , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/deficiência , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leptina/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microglia/metabolismo , Ratos
14.
Hum Mol Genet ; 23(20): 5505-17, 2014 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24852370

RESUMO

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is a sensitive indicator of thyroid function. High and low TSH levels reflect hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, respectively. Even within the normal range, small differences in TSH levels, on the order of 0.5-1.0 mU/l, are associated with significant differences in blood pressure, BMI, dyslipidemia, risk of atrial fibrillation and atherosclerosis. Most of the variance in TSH levels is thought to be genetically influenced. We conducted a genome-wide association study of TSH levels in 1346 Chinese Han individuals. In the replication study, we genotyped four candidate SNPs with the top association signals in an independent isolated Chinese She cohort (n = 3235). We identified a novel serum TSH susceptibility locus within XKR4 at 8q12.1 (rs2622590, Pcombined = 2.21 × 10(-10)), and we confirmed two previously reported TSH susceptibility loci near FOXE1 at 9q22.33 and near CAPZB at 1p36.13, respectively. The rs2622590_T allele at XKR4 and the rs925489_C allele near FOXE1 were correlated with low TSH levels and were found to be nominally associated to patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) (OR = 1.41, P= 0.014 for rs2622590_T, and OR = 1.61, P= 0.030 for rs925489_C). The rs2622590 and rs925489 genotypes were also correlated with the expression levels of FOXE1 and XKR4, respectively, in PTC tissues (P = 2.41 × 10(-4) and P= 0.02). Our findings suggest that the SNPs in XKR4 and near FOXE1 are involved in the regulation of TSH levels.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Hipotireoidismo/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Tireotropina/sangue , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Proteína de Capeamento de Actina CapZ/genética , Carcinoma Papilar , China , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Tireotropina/genética
15.
Hum Genet ; 133(5): 661-71, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24346624

RESUMO

The BACH2 gene regulates B cell differentiation and function and has been reported to be a shared susceptibility gene for several autoimmune diseases. Our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) indicated that several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the BACH2 gene are associated with Graves' disease (GD) in the Chinese Han population; however, the association did not achieve genome-wide significance levels. Recently, this association of BACH2 with GD was confirmed in Caucasians in the UK population, but fine mapping in this region has not yet been reported. Here, we provide a refined analysis of a 331-kb region in the BACH2 gene, which harbors 359 SNPs, using GWAS data from 1,442 GD patients and 1,468 controls. The SNPs rs2474619 and rs9344996 were implied as the independent variants associated with GD by forward and two-locus logistic regression analysis. We genotyped eight out of 10 tagSNPs with P < 1 × 10(-3) in 3,508 GD patients and 3,209 controls, the results also showed that rs2474619 was independently associated with GD in the combined population from GWAS and the second stage (P = 1.81 × 10(-5)). The rs2474619 and rs9344996 were further genotyped in the third stage cohorts, and rs2474619 showed evidence of association with GD at genome-wide significance levels in the combined population (P = 3.28 × 10(-8), odds ratio = 1.13). The association of rs9344996 with GD can be explained by its linkage to rs2474619 in the combined population. Our study clearly demonstrated that BACH2 is a susceptibility gene for GD in the Chinese Han population and further supported rs2474619, in intron 2 of BACH2, is the best association signal with GD. However, the mechanism by which BACH2 confers increased risk of GD requires further study.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Doença de Graves/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Sequência de Bases , China , Primers do DNA , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
16.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 170(1): 109-19, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24144966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Convincing evidence has demonstrated the association of TSH receptor (TSHR) with Graves' disease (GD) in the Chinese Han population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the causal variants for GD in the region encompassing TSHR by a refining association study. DESIGN AND METHODS: GD patients (1536) and 1516 sex-matched controls were recruited in the first stage, and an additional 3832 GD patients and 3426 sex-matched controls were recruited in the replication stage. Genotyping was performed using Illumina Human660-Quad BeadChips or TaqMan single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Genotyping Assays and the Fluidigm EP1 platform. RESULTS: When the results of regression analysis for 74 genotyped SNPs and 922 imputed SNPs in the first-stage cohort were combined, rs179243 and rs3783949 were the probable susceptibility SNPs associated with GD in TSHR. Eleven SNPs, including rs179243 and rs3783949, were selected to further refine the association in the replication study. Finally, rs12101261 and rs179243 were confirmed as independent GD susceptibility variants in the replication and combined populations. Further, we also found that the rate of persistent TSHR autoantibody positivity (pTRAb+) was significantly higher in the GD patients with the susceptible genotypes rs12101261 or rs179243 than in the GD patients carrying the protective genotypes, after the GD patients had been treated for more than 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that rs12101261 and rs179243 are the possible causal SNPs for GD susceptibility in the TSHR gene and could serve as genetic markers to predict the outcome of pTRAb+ in GD patients.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doença de Graves/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores da Tireotropina/genética , Antitireóideos/uso terapêutico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Loci Gênicos , Doença de Graves/imunologia , Doença de Graves/metabolismo , Doença de Graves/terapia , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Glândula Tireoide-Estimulantes/análise , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Receptores da Tireotropina/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores da Tireotropina/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
J Med Genet ; 50(7): 479-85, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23667180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graves' disease is a female preponderant autoimmune illness and the contribution of the X chromosome to its risk has long been appreciated. However, no X-linked susceptibility loci have been indentified from recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS). METHODS: We re-examined the X chromosome data from our recent GWAS for Graves' disease by including males that were previously excluded from the X chromosome analyses. The data were analysed using logistic regression analysis including sex as a covariate, and an additive method assuming X chromosome inactivation, implemented in snpMatrix. RESULTS: A cluster of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) at Xq21.1 was found showing association with genome-wide significance, among which rs3827440 was a non-synonymous SNP of GPR174 (P(logistic regression)= 9.52×10(-8); P(snpMatrix)=4.60×10(-9); OR=1.76, 95% CI 1.45 to 2.13). The association was reproduced in an independent sample collection set including 4564 Graves' disease cases and 3968 sex matched controls (combined P(logistic regression)=5.53×10(-21); combined P(snpMatrix)=4.26×10(-22); OR=1.69, 95% CI 1.53 to 1.86). Notably, GPR174 was widely expressed in immune related tissues and rs3827440 genotypes were associated with distinct mRNA levels (p=0.002). GPR174 did not show sex biased gene expression in our expression analysis. Resequencing study suggested the contribution of some rare variants in the GPR174 gene region to disease risk with a collapsing p value of 1.16×10(-3). CONCLUSIONS: The finding of an X-linked risk locus for Graves' disease expands our understanding of the role of the X chromosome in disease susceptibility.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Doença de Graves/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Alelos , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
18.
Hum Mol Genet ; 22(16): 3347-62, 2013 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23612905

RESUMO

Graves' disease (GD), characterized by autoantibodies targeting antigens specifically expressed in thyroid tissues causing hyperthyroidism, is triggered by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. However, only a few loci for GD risk were confirmed in the various ethnic groups, and additional genetic determinants have to be detected. In this study, we carried out a three-stage study in 9529 patients with GD and 9984 controls to identify new risk loci for GD and found genome-wide significant associations in the overall populations for five novel susceptibility loci: the GPR174-ITM2A at Xq21.1, C1QTNF6-RAC2 at 22q12.3-13.1, SLAMF6 at 1q23.2, ABO at 9q34.2 and an intergenic region harboring two non-coding RNAs at 14q32.2 and one previous indefinite locus, TG at 8q24.22 (Pcombined < 5 × 10(-8)). The genotypes of corresponding variants at 14q32.2 and 8q24.22 were correlated with the expression levels of C14orf64 and a TG transcript skipping exon 46, respectively. This study increased the number of GD loci with compelling evidence and indicated that non-coding RNAs might be potentially involved in the pathogenesis of GD.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doença de Graves/genética , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Sistema do Grupo Sanguíneo ABO/genética , Adulto , Antígenos CD/genética , Sequência de Bases , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colágeno , DNA Intergênico , Feminino , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Família de Moléculas de Sinalização da Ativação Linfocitária , Membro 1 da Família de Moléculas de Sinalização da Ativação Linfocitária
19.
J Mol Endocrinol ; 51(1): 37-48, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23549407

RESUMO

There is a high incidence of metabolic syndrome among patients with primary aldosteronism (PA), which has recently been associated with an unfavorable cardiometabolic profile. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been clarified in detail. Characterizing aldosterone (Ald) target genes in adipocytes will help us to elucidate the deleterious effects associated with excess Ald. Apelin, a novel adipokine, exerts beneficial effects on obesity-associated disorders and cardiovascular homeostasis. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of high Ald levels on apelin expression and secretion and the underlying mechanisms involved in adipocytes. In vivo, a single-dose Ald injection acutely decreased apelin serum levels and adipose tissue apelin production, which demonstrates a clear inverse relationship between the levels of plasma Ald and plasma apelin. Experiments using 3T3-L1 adipocytes showed that Ald decreased apelin expression and secretion in a time- and dose-dependent manner. This effect was reversed by glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonists or GR (NR3C1) knockdown; furthermore, putative HREs were identified in the apelin promoter. Subsequently, we verified that both glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids regulated apelin expression through GR activation, although no synergistic effect was observed. Additionally, detailed potential mechanisms involved a p38 MAPK signaling pathway. In conclusion, our findings strengthen the fact that there is a direct interaction between Ald and apelin in adipocytes, which has important implications for hyperaldosteronism or PA-associated cardiometabolic syndrome and hoists apelin on the list of potent therapeutic targets for PA.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Aldosterona/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Células 3T3-L1 , Adipocinas , Aldosterona/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apelina , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Mineralocorticoides/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
20.
PLoS One ; 8(3): e57758, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23505439

RESUMO

To pinpoint the exact location of the etiological variant/s present at 1q21.1 harboring FCRL1-5 and CD5L genes, we carried out a refined association study in the entire FCRL region in 1,536 patients with Graves' disease (GD) and 1,516 sex-matched controls by imputation analysis, logistic regression, and cis-eQTL analysis. Among 516 SNPs with P<0.05 in the initial GWAS scan, the strongest signals associated with GD and correlated to FCRL3 expression were located at a cluster of SNPs including rs7528684 and rs3761959. And the allele-specific effects for rs3761959 and rs7528684 on FCRL3 expression level revealed that the risk alleles A of rs3761959 and C of rs7528684 were correlated with the elevated expression level of FCRL3 whether in PBMCs or its subsets, especially in CD19(+) B cells and CD8(+) T subsets. Next, the combined analysis with 5,300 GD cases and 4,916 control individuals confirmed FCRL3 was a susceptibility gene of GD in Chinese Han populations, and rs3761959 and rs7528684 met the genome-wide association significance level (P(combined) = 2.27×10(-12) and 7.11×10(-13), respectively). Moreover, the haplotypes with the risk allele A of rs3761959 and risk allele C of rs7528684 were associated with GD risk. Finally, our epigenetic analysis suggested the disease-associated C allele of rs7528684 increased affinity for NF-KB transcription factor. Above data indicated that FCRL3 gene and its proxy SNP rs7528684 may be involved in the pathogenesis of GD by excessive inhibiting B cell receptor signaling and the impairment of suppressing function of Tregs.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Doença de Graves/genética , Receptores Fc/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1 , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Haplótipos , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas
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