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1.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 5598627, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791390

RESUMO

Neutrophil is known to critically impact the development of renal diseases (e.g., the clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)), whereas the heterogeneity of neutrophils in ccRCC remains unclear. In the present study, kidney biopsies from healthy donors and ccRCC tissues were collected for single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). In addition, the subpopulations of neutrophils in a healthy kidney and in the tumor microenvironment (TME) of ccRCC were expressed and then analyzed. The genes reported previously were mapped to all subpopulations identified here. On that basis, biological theme comparison and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) were employed to reveal and compare relevant biological functions. In a healthy kidney, neutrophils exhibit two subpopulations: one is more associated with renal autoimmunity, probably acting as therapeutic target; the other is suggested to resist infectious microorganisms. It is noteworthy that six subpopulations were identified in ccRCC biopsy, and two were more relevant to autoimmunity, while the other four are more relevant to the tumor pathology. Besides, ccRCC neutrophil could resist anticancer immune therapies of ipilimumab and pembrolizumab for their low/no expressions of CTLA-4, PD-1, and PD-L1. Thus, this study can help understand the heterogeneity and pathological significance of neutrophils in renal diseases.

2.
J Virol Methods ; 293: 114144, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798607

RESUMO

Recent reports have compared the analytical sensitivities of some SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR assays, but differences in the viral materials used for these evaluations made comprehensive conclusions difficult. We carried out a direct comparison of the analytical sensitivities of 14 conventional and three rapid RT-PCR assays for the detection of SARS-CoV-2. The comparison was performed utilizing a certified reference material for SARS-CoV-2 RNA that was serially two-fold diluted in RNA storage solution. Our results show that the analytical sensitivities of the 17 assays varied within an 8-fold range (100-800 copies/mL). Moreover, a trend with some rapid assays yielding slightly higher analytical sensitivities (2- to 4-fold) compared with conventional assays was observed. We conclude that most of the RT-PCR assays can be used for routine COVID-19 diagnosis, but some assays with the poorest analytical sensitivities may lead to false-negative results when used to identify asymptomatic individuals who can carry a low viral load but still be infectious. These findings should be kept in mind when selecting high-sensitivity and rapid assays.

3.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 361, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824298

RESUMO

Solute carrier family 25 member 20 (SLC25A20) is a mitochondrial-membrane-carrier protein involved in the transport of acylcarnitines into mitochondrial matrix for oxidation. A previous-integrated-proteogenomic study had identified SLC25A20 as one of the top-three prognostic biomarkers in HCC. However, the expression and the biological function of SLC25A20 have not yet been investigated in HCC. In the present study, we found that SLC25A20 expression is frequently down-regulated in HCC cells mainly due to the up-regulation of miR-132-3p. Down-regulation of SLC25A20 is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with HCC. SLC25A20 suppressed HCC growth and metastasis, both in vitro and in vivo, by suppression of G1-S cell transition, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and induction of cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, SLC25A20 down-regulation promoted HCC growth and metastasis through suppression of fatty-acid oxidation. Altogether, SLC25A20 plays a critical tumor-suppressive role in carcinogenesis of HCC; SLC25A20 may serve as a novel prognostic factor and therapeutic target for patients with HCC.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 114066, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766755

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Liu Shen Wan (LSW) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with detoxification and antiphlogistic activity; it is composed of bezoar, toad venom, musk, pearl powder, borneol and realgar. In recent years, LSW has been widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of influenza, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, mumps, cancer and leukaemia. AIM OF STUDY: The anti-influenza virus properties of LSW and its inhibition of the inflammatory response was demonstrated in our previous research; however, the effect and potential mechanism of LSW against influenza induced secondary bacteria have remained obscure. Therefore, in the present study, a model of influenza virus PR8 with secondary infection by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in vitro and in mice was established to examine the effect and potential mechanism by which LSW inhibits bacterial adhesion and subsequent severe pneumonia after viral infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the effect of LSW on the PR8-induced adhesion of live S. aureus in A549 cells. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of adhesion molecules. Western blotting was used to determine the expression of CEACAM1, RIG-1, MDA5, p-NF-κB, and NF-κB in A549 cells. Inflammatory cytokines were detected using a Bio-Plex Pro Human Cytokine Screening Panel (R&D) in A549 cells and Mouse Magnetic Luminex Assays (R&D) in mice infected with PR8 virus and secondarily with S. aureus, respectively. Moreover, the survival rate, lung index, viral titre, bacterial loads and pathological changes in the lung tissue of mice infected with PR8 and S. aureus were investigated to estimate the effect of LSW in inhibiting severe pneumonia. RESULTS: LSW significantly decreased S. aureus adhesion following influenza virus infection in A549 cells, which may have occurred by suppressing expression of the adhesion molecule CEACAM1. In addition, treatment with LSW dramatically suppressed the induction of proinflammatory cytokines (CCL2/MCP-1 and CXCL-9/MIG) and chemokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) by PR8 infection following secondary LPS stimulation in A549 cells. Upregulation of related signalling proteins (RIG-I, MDA5 and NF-κB) induced by viruses and bacteria was suppressed by LSW in A549 cells. LSW significantly decreased the viral titres and bacterial load, prolonged survival time, and ameliorated lung inflammation and injury in mice with S. aureus infection secondary to PR8 infection. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that LSW prevents S. aureus adherence to influenza virus-infected A549 cells, perhaps by inhibiting the expression of the adhesion molecule CEACAM1. The upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines and related signalling proteins induced by viruses and bacteria was suppressed by LSW in A549 cells. LSW significantly ameliorated lung injury caused by viral and secondary bacterial infection. These findings provide a further evaluation of LSW and suggest a beneficial effect of LSW for the prevention of secondary bacterial infection and related complications.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 50(13): 4713-4719, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729226

RESUMO

Two types of Cu(ii)-AMP-4,4'-bipy coordination polymers, {[Cu(AMP)(4,4'-bipy)(H2O)3]·5H2O}n (1) and {[Cu2(HAMP)2(4,4'-bipy)2(H2O)4]·2NO3·11H2O}n (2) (Na2AMP = adenosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt), were synthesised through pH control. X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis revealed that 1 and 2 are one-dimensional (1D) coordinating coordination polymers. The nucleotide in 1 was not protonated whereas that in 2 was protonated. With the protonated NO3- in 2 entering the crystal lattice, it plays a role in balancing the charge. The chirality was studied using solid-state circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy based on the analysis of crystal structures.

6.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753455

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radium-223 prolongs survival in a fraction of men with bone metastatic prostate cancer (PCa). However, there are no markers for monitoring response and resistance to Radium-223 treatment. Exosomes are mediators of intercellular communication and may reflect response of the bone microenvironment to Radium-223 treatment. We performed molecular profiling of exosomes and compare the molecular profile in patients with favorable and unfavorable overall survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed exosomal transcriptome analysis in plasma derived from our preclinical models (MDA-PCa-118b tumors, TRAMP-C2/BMP4 PCa) and from the plasma of 25 patients (paired baseline and end of treatment) treated with Radium-223. All samples were run in duplicate, and array data analyzed with fold changes +2 to -2 and p < 0.05. RESULTS: We utilized the pre-clinical models to establish that genes derived from the tumor and the tumor-associated bone microenvironment (bTME) are differentially enriched in plasma exosomes upon Radium-223 treatment. The mouse transcriptome analysis revealed changes in bone-related and DNA damage repair -related pathways. Similar findings were observed in plasma-derived exosomes from patients treated with Radium-223 detected changes. In addition, exosomal transcripts detected immunosuppressive (e.g., PD-L1) that were associated with shorter survival to Radium-223. Treatment of the Myc-CaP mouse model with a combination of Radium-223 and immune checkpoint therapy (ICT) resulted in greater efficacy than monotherapy. CONCLUSION: These clinical and co-clinical analyses showed that RNA profiling of plasma exosomes may be used for monitoring the bTME in response to treatment and that ICT may be used to increase the efficacy of Radium-223.

7.
Phytopathology ; 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673752

RESUMO

Though V. dahliae is an asexually reproducing fungus, it is considered heterothallic owing to the presence of only one of the two mating-type idiomorphs (MAT1-1 or MAT1-2) in individual isolates. But sexual reproduction has never been observed either in nature or in the laboratory. All of the genomic information in the literature thus far has therefore come from studies on isolates carrying only the MAT1-2 idiomorph. Herein, we sequenced and compared high-quality reference genomes of MAT1-1 strain S011 and MAT1-2 strain S023 obtained from the same sunflower field. The two genomic sequences displayed high synteny, and encoded a similar number of genes, a similarity especially notable among pathogenicity-related genes. Homolog analysis between these two genomes revealed that 80% of encoded genes are highly conserved (95% identity and coverage), but only 20% of the single copy genes were identical. These novel genome resources will support the analysis of the structure and function of the two idiomorphs and provide valuable tools to elucidate the evolution and potential mechanisms of sexual reproduction in V. dahliae.

8.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6687474, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688508

RESUMO

The recruitment of neutrophil to the primary cancer has been shown to be steered by neoplastic cells or tumor-educated mesenchymal stromal cells and has a prometastatic effect. However, the neutrophil chemotaxis and their interaction with tumor cells in the distal metastasized tissues remain elusive. In this review, we discussed emerging research on the interaction between neutrophil recruitment and tumor metastasis, which is essential for studying tumor cell invasion and related immunotherapy.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 274: 114041, 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757812

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease mediated by immunity. Our pre-clinical studies have proved that QZLX mixture can improve patients' clinical symptoms with psoriasis without noticeable adverse reactions. In a psoriasis-like mouse model induced by imiquimod, QZLX mixture has been shown to alleviate epidermal inflammation and inhibit the hyperproliferation of keratinocytes. However, its related molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the mechanism of QZLX mixture against psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study combines network pharmacology and experiments to study the mechanism of QZLX against psoriasis. First, construct the active compound-target network and PPI network. Secondly, determine possible drug targets through Molecular docking and KEGG. Thirdly, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for the quality control of QZLX. Finally, use a mouse model of psoriasis to further confirm the role of QZLX. RESULTS: (1) Network pharmacology analysis shows that QZLX alleviates psoriasis's epidermal inflammation, and neovascularization may be achieved by inhibiting the IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway. (2) QZLX improves the pathological characteristics of IMQ-induced skin damage in psoriasis-like mice. (3) QZLX inhibits the IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway and reduces the expression of IL-17, IL-23, and TNF-α related to inflammation in peripheral blood, as well as the expression of S100A7 in the lesion area. QZLX is better than MTX in inhibiting neovascularization by down-regulating the expression of HIF-1 and CD31 in the lesion area. Finally, inhibition of Ki67 alleviates the excessive proliferation of keratinocytes. CONCLUSION: In sum, this study clarifies the mechanism of QZLX against psoriasis and provides evidence to support its clinical use.

10.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102300, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774334

RESUMO

Waardenburg Syndrome (WS) is a common autosomal dominant syndrome associated with hearing loss. Its clinical manifestations include hearing impairment and pigmentation anomalies. In this study, we generated an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line from the Epstein-Barr virus-immortalized B lymphocytes of a 6-year-old boy affected with WS type I, caused by a heterozygous splice site mutation in the PAIRED BOX GENE 3 (PAX3) (NM_181457.3: c.452-2A > G). The patient-specific iPSC line (CSUXHi004-A) carrying the same PAX3 mutation showed a normal karyotype, expressed pluripotent markers, and presented differentiation capacity in vitro. This method may be a useful tool for the in vitro modeling of WS.

11.
Clin Genet ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624842

RESUMO

Branchiootorenal spectrum disorder (BORSD) is a group of rare autosomal dominant entities characterized by branchiogenic malformations, hearing loss (HL) and renal anomalies. It comprises branchiootorenal syndrome and branchiootic syndrome, distinguished by the presence or absence of renal abnormalities. Pathogenic variants have been discovered in the following genes: EYA1, SIX5, SIX1 and SALL1. As the otological phenotype in BORSD is inconsistently reported, we performed a systematic review to provide an up-to-date overview, correlated with the genotype. Forty publications were included, describing 295 individual patients. HL was diagnosed in 95%, usually bilateral and mixed-type, and differed among the different genes involved. Mixed moderate-to-severe HL was the predominant finding in patients with EYA1 involvement, regardless of the presence of renal abnormalities. The sensorineural HL of profound severity was more prevalent in patients with SIX1 mutations. No significant differences among different mutation types or location within the genes could be observed. Structural otological manifestations, ranging from periauricular to inner ear anomalies, were common in both genes. Especially periauricular anomalies were more common and more severe in EYA1. In summary, otological differences among the different genes involved in BORSD are observed, so the molecular analysis is strongly advised.

12.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 29(2): 361-372, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of achieving diagnostic images in low-dose abdominal CT using a Deep Learning Image Reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm. METHODS: Prospectively enrolled 47 patients requiring contrast-enhanced abdominal CT scans. The late-arterial phase scan was added and acquired using lower-dose mode (tube current range, 175-545 mA; 80 kVp for patients with BMI ≤24 kg/m2 and 100 kVp for patients with BMI > 24 kg/m2) and reconstructed with DLIR at medium setting (DLIR-M) and high setting (DLIR-H), ASIR-V at 0% (FBP), 40% and 80% strength. Both the quantitative measurement and qualitative analysis of the five types of reconstruction methods were compared. In addition, radiation dose and image quality between the early-arterial phase ASIR-V images using standard-dose and the late-arterial phase DLIR images using low-dose were compared. RESULTS: For the late-arterial phase, all five reconstructions had similar CT value (P > 0.05). DLIR-H, DLIR-M and ASIR-V80% images significantly reduced the image noise and improved the image contrast noise ratio, compared with the standard ASIR-V40% images (P < 0.05). ASIR-V80% images had undesirable image characteristics with obvious "waxy" artifacts, while DLIR-H images maintained high spatial resolution and had the highest subjective image quality. Compared with the early-arterial scans, the late-arterial phase scans significantly reduced the radiation dose (P < 0.05), while the DLIR-H images exhibited lower image noise and good display of the specific image details of lesions. CONCLUSIONS: DLIR algorithm improves image quality under low-dose scan condition and may be used to reduce the radiation dose without adversely affecting the image quality.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e24157, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546031

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of non-hepatic hyperammonemia (NHH) with the prognosis of critically ill patients with NHH.According to the serum ammonia level, the patients with NHH (n = 498) were retrieved by us. The risk factors of the mortality with NHH patients were investigated by conducting univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. A nomogram to predict the risk of hospital mortality was constructed. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was conducted to compare nomogram (ammonia into a prognostic model, P1) with the simplified acute physiology II (SAPSII) and quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA).Five independent factors for the mortality in patients with NHH were identified, including age, platelets, bun, hemoglobin, and ammonia. Models P1 using ammonia showed good prediction power. The AUROC of P1 (AUROC, 0.755 [95% CI, 0.713-0.796]) was higher than that of qSOFA (AUROC, 0.500 [95% CI, 0.449-0.551]), and SAPS II (AUROC, 0.703[95% CI, 0.658-0.748]).Ammonia was an independent prognostic predictor of mortality for NHH patients. We developed a nomogram that can predict hospital mortality with patients. Nomogram had superior discriminative power to qSOFA and SAPS II, indicating that the nomogram may have clinical utility.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Hiperamonemia/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Amônia/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6619302, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33532508

RESUMO

The occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is closely related to the chronic inflammation which caused liver fibrosis and cirrhosis, and the interaction between HCC and its microenvironment further drives tumorigenesis. However, the single-cell resolution in vivo study is lacking, which limits our molecular understanding of tumour biology in the liver. Here, using published single-cell sequencing technology (scRNA-seq) database, we analyzed the liver microenvironment at high resolution in an unbiased manner and demonstrated the transcriptomic comparison between various cell populations and subpopulations in HCC and cirrhosis tissues. We found that eight genes that are specifically expressed in the endothelial cell and stellate cell of the HCC patients and correlated them with their survival rate, which may provide novel diagnosis and treatment targets for the clinical application.

15.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; : 1-6, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530846

RESUMO

Cesarean section results in scarring, which usually leads to adhesion between the subcutaneous fat and the abdominal wall muscle. The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of autologous fat grafting on scar adhesion to the abdominal wall after cesarean section. Thirty-six patients with scar adhesion to the abdominal wall after cesarean section were recruited and treated between October 2013 and December 2015. The adhesion between the subcutaneous fat and the abdominal wall muscle was carefully separated through a small incision in the original scar to form multiple subcutaneous tunnels. Aspirated fat was injected into the scar lesion and subcutaneous tunnels, and the wound was then sutured. The clinical outcome was evaluated by comparing the pretreatment and 1-year posttreatment photographs and Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) scores. All patients had a marked improvement in the appearance, texture, and depression of the scar during 12 months of follow-up. The 1-year posttreatment POSAS scores for the color, pain, pruritus, hardness, fullness, mobility, and appearance of the scar were significantly decreased compared with the pretreatment scores. Hematoxylin-eosin staining revealed adipocyte-like cells in treated scar tissue specimens obtained 1 year after treatment. None of the patients reported severe adverse reactions. Autologous fat grafting combined with adhesion release may be a good treatment option for abdominal wall scarring after cesarean section. This method is minimally invasive and effective in achieving good functional and esthetic outcomes.

16.
Org Lett ; 23(4): 1445-1450, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560123

RESUMO

Compound libraries with high levels of structural diversity and novelty could cover underexploited chemical space and thus have been highly pursued in drug discovery. Herein, we report the first Cu(OTf)2-catalyzed intramolecular radical cascade reactions that enable the diversity-oriented synthesis of quinoline-annulated polyheterocyclic compounds (7 unique scaffolds, 66 examples) in an efficient manner. This work demonstrates an alternative route to access the natural product- and druglike compound collection with high levels of structural diversity and novelty.

17.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(1): 39-45, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582903

RESUMO

Infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (IAHS), a severe complication of various infections, is potentially fatal. This study aims to determine whether IAHS occurs in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We conducted a retrospective observational study on 268 critically ill patients with COVID-19 between February 1st, 2020 and February 26th, 2020. Demographics, clinical characteristics, laboratory results, information on concurrent treatments and outcomes were collected. A diagnosis of secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) was made when the patients had an HScore greater than 169. Histopathological examinations were performed to confirm the presence of hemophagocytosis. Of 268 critically ill patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, 17 (6.3%) patients had an HScore greater than 169. All the 17 patients with sHLH died. The interval from the onset of symptom of COVID-19 to the time of a diagnosis of sHLH made was 19 days and the interval from the diagnosis of sHLH to death was 4 days. Ten (59%) patients were infected with only SARS-CoV-2. Hemophagocytosis in the spleen and the liver, as well as lymphocyte infiltration in the liver on histopathological examinations, was found in 3 sHLH autopsy patients. Mortality in sHLH patients with COVID-19 is high. And SARS-CoV-2 is a potential trigger for sHLH. Prompt recognition of IAHS in critically ill patients with COVID-19 could be beneficial for improving clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
/complicações , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Gene Ther ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633356

RESUMO

Waardenburg syndrome (WS), also known as auditory-pigmentary syndrome, is the most common cause of syndromic hearing loss (HL), which accounts for approximately 2-5% of all patients with congenital hearing loss. WS is classified into four subtypes depending on the clinical phenotypes. Currently, pathogenic mutations of PAX3, MITF, SOX10, EDN3, EDNRB or SNAI2 are associated with different subtypes of WS. Although supportive techniques like hearing aids, cochlear implants, or other assistive listening devices can alleviate the HL symptom, there is no cure for WS to date. Recently major progress has been achieved in preclinical studies of genetic HL in animal models, including gene delivery and stem cell replacement therapies. This review focuses on the current understandings of pathogenic mechanisms and potential biological therapeutic approaches for HL in WS, providing strategies and directions for implementing WS biological therapies, as well as possible problems to be faced, in the future.

19.
Stem Cell Res ; 51: 102157, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454628

RESUMO

Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a genetic disorder characterized by sensorineural deafness. It has a variable presentation of pigmentation defects. Here, we generated an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line using episomal plasmid vectors from the fibroblasts of a 4-year-old boy affected with WS type II, caused by a novel mutation in microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) (NM_000248.3: exon6:c.626A>T). The patient-specific iPSC line (CSUXHi003-A) carrying the same MITF mutation showed normal karyotype, expressed pluripotent markers, and presented differentiation capacity in vitro. It may be a useful tool for in vitro modeling of WS.

20.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 37: 127698, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468346

RESUMO

Tubulin, an important target in tumor therapy, is one of the hotspots in the field of antineoplastic drugs in recent years, and it is of great significance to design and screen new inhibitors for this target. Natural products and chemical synthetic drugs are the main sources of tubulin inhibitors. However, due to the variety of compound structure types, it has always been difficult for researchers to screen out polymerization inhibitors with simple operation, high efficiency and low cost. A large number of articles have reported the screening methods of tubulin inhibitors and their biological activity. In this article, the biological activity detection methods of tubulin polymerization inhibitors are reviewed. Thus, it provides a theoretical basis for the further study of tubulin polymerization inhibitors and the selection of methods for tubulin inhibitors.

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