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1.
Food Chem ; 394: 133490, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35717918

RESUMO

In this paper, a lutein-glucosyl stevioside (stevia-G)-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) complex was prepared via an antisolvent precipitation combined with dynamic high pressure microfluidization method. The solubility, microstructure, crystallinity and thermodynamic properties of the freeze-dried powder were investigated, as well as the formation mechanism and the storage stability of the produced complex. When the optimal mass ratio of lutein, stevia-G, and HPMC was 1: 40: 0.5, the apparent solubility of lutein reached 2805.47 ± 24.94 µg·mL-1, which was approximately 5600 times higher than that of lutein crystals. The lutein-stevia-G-HPMC complex formed an amorphous dispersed structure and was in a thermodynamically high energy state. The self-assembled micelle structure of stevia-G and HPMC polymer created a supersaturated system mainly by multiple hydrogen bonding, which promoted maximum lutein dissolving, delayed supersaturated crystallization process, and hindered precipitation. The present results suggested the complex formed by stevia-G and HPMC effectively promote lutein's hydrophilicity and stability.


Assuntos
Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Stevia , Glucosídeos , Derivados da Hipromelose/química , Luteína , Metilcelulose/química , Solubilidade
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(5): 1872-1882, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chickpea protein isolate (CPI) originating from chickpeas has the advantages of facilitating the stability of food emulsions. Stevioside (STE) exhibits a notable surface activity and can improve the water solubility of numerous hydrophobic nutrients. STE and protein mixtures show great potential as emulsions stabilizers. The present study aimed to prepare a novel nanoemulsion for encapsulating lutein (LUT) by ultrasonic homogenization using chickpea protein isolate-stevioside complex (CPI-STE) as a stabilizer and also to investigate the physicochemical characteristics. RESULTS: The results obtained showed that different preparation conditions demonstrated significant influences on the physicochemical properties of CPI-STE-LUT nanoemulsions. Under the optimal condition, the average particle size of CPI-STE-LUT nanoemulsions was 195.1 nm, and the emulsifying and encapsulation efficiencies of lutein were 91.04% and 87.56%, respectively. CPI-STE-LUT nanoemulsions stabilized by CPI-STE could significantly increase the emulsifying and encapsulation efficiencies of lutein compared to that stabilized by CPI. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed that hydrogen bond was the main binding force of CPI and lutein, and there was a covalent bond between the two molecules. Furthermore, the stability of CPI-STE-LUT nanoemulsions in gastrointestinal phase was higher than that of CPI-LUT nanoemulsions, which could load lutein more effectively and be more resistant to digestive enzymes. CONCLUSION: The present study reports the physicochemical characterization of CPI-STE-LUT nanoemulsions for the first time. CPI-STE-LUT nanoemulsions were characterized by a small average particle size lower than 200 nm, as well as high emulsifying and encapsulation efficiencies, and good stability. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Cicer , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Emulsões/química , Glucosídeos , Luteína/química , Tamanho da Partícula
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 193(Pt A): 53-63, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688674

RESUMO

In order to construct nano-lutein hydrogels with sustained release properties, the basic properties and structure of nano-lutein hydrogels cross-linked with different concentrations of Ca2+ were investigated. The results showed that the highest loading capacity for lutein reached 770.88 µg/g, while the encapsulation efficiency was as high as 99.39%. When Ca2+ concentration was lower than 7.5 mM, the filling of lutein nanoparticles reduced the hardness and gumminess of the hydrogel. The resilience and cohesiveness of the hydrogel decreased as the concentration of Ca2+ increased. Filling with lutein nanoparticles and increasing Ca2+ concentration both increased the G' and G″. The hydrogel loaded with lutein showed different swelling properties in different pH environments, the filling of lutein nanoparticles inhibited the swelling of the hydrogel. When Ca2+ concentration was greater than 7.5 mM, the cut-off amount of lutein on the surface of the Ca2+ cross-linked hydrogel was larger. The digestive enzymes quickly degraded the hydrogel structure, resulting in a high initial release of lutein. DSC and FTIR results showed that lutein nanoparticles were mainly physically trapped in the hydrogel network structure. Lutein nanoparticles and excessive Ca2+ affected the stability of cross-linked ionic bonds in the hydrogel, thereby reducing its thermodynamic stability.


Assuntos
Alginatos/química , Cálcio/química , Reagentes de Ligações Cruzadas/química , Hidrogéis/química , Luteína/química
4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685086

RESUMO

With the energy crisis and environmental pollution becoming more and more serious, it is urgent to develop renewable and clean energy. Hydrogen production from electrolyzed water is of great significance to solve the energy crisis and environmental problems in the future. Recently, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) materials have been widely studied in the electrocatalysis field, due to their unique layered structure, tunable metal species and highly dispersed active sites. Moreover, the LDHs supporting noble metal catalysts obtained through the topotactic transformation of LDHs precursors significantly reduce the energy barrier of electrolyzing water, showing remarkable catalytic activity, good conductivity and excellent durability. In this review, we give an overview of recent advances on LDHs supporting noble metal catalysts, from a brief introduction, to their preparation and modification methods, to an overview of their application in the electrocatalysis field, as well as the challenges and outlooks in this promising field on the basis of current development.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(34): 18686-18693, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612406

RESUMO

An exhaustive analysis based on density functional theory (DFT) simulations of the effect of Hf doping on helium behavior has been performed in ZrCo. The He impurities have been placed both at interstitial positions and substitutional positions from the first nearest neighbor (1nn) of the Hf atom to the sixth nearest neighbor (6nn). In such areas, the electronic charge density is different, and therefore the formation and diffusion of He atoms vary in the surrounding of the Hf atom. The results show that Hf doping reduces the volume of the interstitial sites nearby, resulting in the weakening ability of the interstitial sites to accommodate He atoms. According to the results of formation energy, whether it is the substitutional He or the interstitial He atom, the formation is not only related to the distance of Hf, but more importantly, it is closely related to the unit cell where the He atom is located. In addition, Hf atoms promote the capture of He atoms by vacancies nearby and the migration of He atoms between the tetrahedral positions. The result also validates the well-known knowledge of vacancies as efficient sinks for He atoms in ZrCo. From the lower and lower migration energetic barriers along 3nn → 2nn → 1nn → 1nn pathways, we can infer an increasing mobility of the He atom from 3nn to 1nn. This situation could favor their accumulation surrounding an Hf atom, improving the ability of helium retention. These findings provide really indisputable evidence that the Hf dopant makes a difference in the behavior of He atoms in bulk ZrCo. Therefore, a ZrCo system with Hf doping can be considered as a good candidate for tritium storage material in a future nuclear fusion reactor.

6.
Food Chem ; 361: 130177, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077883

RESUMO

Carotenoid content in maize sprouts can be increased by NaCl stress, although high NaCl concentrations negatively impact plant growth. The effects of exogenous methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on contents of carotenoid and antioxidant capacity of yellow maize sprouts under NaCl stress were investigated. Our results showed that treatments of NaCl both alone and combined with MeJA enhanced the carotenoid accumulation in maize sprouts. Moreover, the carotenoid biosynthesis related genes showed different expression patterns under addition of MeJA treatment. Additionally, the combined treatment led to significantly higher content of most carotenoids profiles and the addition of MeJA could alleviate the harmful effect caused by NaCl stress. Furthermore, the combined treatment improved antioxidant enzyme activities and radical scavenging capacity. The results implied that MeJA is kind of effective plant growth regulator for enhancing carotenoid accumulation in maize sprouts by up-regulating the expression levels of key genes involved in carotenoid biosynthetic pathway.


Assuntos
Acetatos/farmacologia , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/farmacologia , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Zea mays/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Enzimas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Salino , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/fisiologia
7.
Food Chem ; 354: 129528, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756320

RESUMO

This study aims to develop novel lutein nanoparticles encapsulized by stevioside (LUT-STE, 165 ± 2 nm average particles size) and systematically evaluate its bioavailability. Multiple spectroscopy and NMR analyses showed lutein and stevioside could interact through hydrogen bonds, CHπ interaction and van der Waals forces. Molecular docking simulation showed lutein was well distributed in the hydrophobic cavity of stevioside. Analyzed by Caco-2 cellular models, the transported amount of LUT-STE was 2.39 times that of lutein in 120 min with a Papp (B â†’ A)/Papp (A â†’ B) value of 0.63 ± 0.04. Nystatin and dynasore significantly reduced the cellular uptake of LUT-STE by 41.3% and 57.7%, respectively. Compared with free lutein, LUT-STE increased the Cmax in mice plasma by 5.01-fold and promoted the accumulation in multiple organs. LUT-STE promoted the protein expressions of CD36, NPC1L1 and PPARγ in both cell and animal models. In conclusion, stevioside entrapment significantly promote the bioavailability of lutein through multiple transmembrane pathways.


Assuntos
Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano/química , Glucosídeos/química , Luteína/química , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Cápsulas/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
8.
Dalton Trans ; 50(13): 4567-4576, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729233

RESUMO

A hexagonal prismatic Cu6S6 cluster exhibits excellent near-infrared fluorescence properties due to its short Cu-Cu bonds, however, the construction of Cu6S6 cluster-based compounds with extended structures is still a challenge. Here, four new Cu6S6 cluster-based coordination compounds, formulated as Cu3(pymt)3 (1), {(CuCN)2[Cu3(mpymt)3]}n (2), {(CuSCN)[Cu3(mpymt)3]}n (3) and {(CuCN)2[Cu3(dmpymt)3]·CH3CN}n (4) (Hpymt = pyrimidine-2-thiolate, Hmpymt = 4-methyl-pyrimidine-2-thione and Hdmpymt = 4,6-dimethylpyrimidine-2-thione), have been synthesized through the reactions of mercaptopyrimidine derivatives and CuCN or CuSCN under solvo-thermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and thermal gravimetric analysis. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that compound 1 is a zero-dimensional Cu6(pymt)6 molecule containing a distorted pseudo-hexagonal prismatic Cu6S6 core. Compounds 2 and 4 with isomorphic frameworks but different organic linkers show a rare three-dimensional framework with nor topology constructed from Cu6(mpymt)6 units and one-dimensional chiral [Cu(CN)]n chains; compared with compound 2, a more hydrophobic one-dimensional channel in compound 4 is observed due to the increase of the methyl groups on the pyrimidine ligand, in which acetonitrile molecules are filled in the channels of compound 4. Compound 3 shows a rare two-dimensional layer constructed from Cu6(mpymt)6 units and one-dimensional puckered (CuSCN)n chains. For the first time, Cu6S6 clusters are connected to one-dimensional inorganic CuCN (or CuSCN) chains through mercaptopyrimidine derivatives to obtain extended arrays in compounds 2-4. The crystals of compounds 1-4 in the solid state all show apparent red light emission. Compound 4 shows sensitive luminescence quenching response to nitrobenzene (NB), and the corresponding quenching constant (Ksv) and detection limit are 2.06 × 103 M-1 and 9.27 ppm, respectively. This study provides a new strategy to construct Cu6S6 cluster-based coordination polymers that have great potential in various applications such as luminescence sensing.

9.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e1907, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of controlled-release morphine tablets combined with celecoxib in relieving osteocarcinoma-related pain and the effects of the combination on WNK1 expression. METHODS: A total of 110 patients with osteocarcinoma-related pain were selected and divided into two groups based on the treatment administered, including the control group (treated with controlled-release morphine tablets alone) and the study group (treated with a combination of controlled-release morphine tablets and celecoxib). We compared the treatment efficacy, pain level (visual analog scale (VAS)), time of onset of breakthrough pain (BTP), dose of morphine, incidence of adverse events, quality of life (QOL) score, and With-no-lysine 1 (WNK1) expression in the peripheral blood (PB) as determined with qRT-PCR before and after treatment, of the two groups. RESULTS: The total effective rate of the study group was higher than that of the control group, while the VAS score, time of onset of BTP, dose of morphine, incidence of adverse events, QOL score, and relative WNK1 expression in the PB were lower than those of the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Combination treatment with controlled-release morphine tablets and celecoxib can be extensively used in the clinical setting because it effectively improves the symptoms, QOL score, and adverse effects in patients with osteocarcinoma-related pain.


Assuntos
Morfina , Qualidade de Vida , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Celecoxib , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Humanos , Manejo da Dor , Comprimidos , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteína Quinase 1 Deficiente de Lisina WNK
10.
Food Chem ; 338: 128015, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932085

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to study the effect of hot air drying, microwave vacuum drying and freeze drying combined with explosion puffing drying (HDEPD, MDEPD and FDEPD) on physicochemical properties, antioxidant activities and flavor characteristics of apples. The results showed that MDEPD and FDEPD products had better color and textural properties, exhibited a homogeneous porous structure. MDEPD and FDEPD better preserved scavenging abilities of DPPH, hydroxyl radical and FRAP, retained values of TFC and TPC. Aroma characteristics and taste properties of apples obviously changed with different drying methods, and drying qualities of products could be classified in terms of volatile compounds and taste profiles. Two principal components were able to describe 90.12% and 69.43% of the total volatile compound variance and total taste profile variance, respectively. Three main clusters of dried apples were identified, MDEPD and FDEPD can be used to enhance drying qualities of apple products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Dessecação/métodos , Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos/métodos , Malus/química , Paladar , Cor , Nariz Eletrônico , Flavonoides/análise , Aromatizantes/análise , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Liofilização , Frutas/química , Micro-Ondas , Fenóis/análise , Vácuo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
11.
Clinics ; 76: e1907, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of controlled-release morphine tablets combined with celecoxib in relieving osteocarcinoma-related pain and the effects of the combination on WNK1 expression. METHODS: A total of 110 patients with osteocarcinoma-related pain were selected and divided into two groups based on the treatment administered, including the control group (treated with controlled-release morphine tablets alone) and the study group (treated with a combination of controlled-release morphine tablets and celecoxib). We compared the treatment efficacy, pain level (visual analog scale (VAS)), time of onset of breakthrough pain (BTP), dose of morphine, incidence of adverse events, quality of life (QOL) score, and With-no-lysine 1 (WNK1) expression in the peripheral blood (PB) as determined with qRT-PCR before and after treatment, of the two groups. RESULTS: The total effective rate of the study group was higher than that of the control group, while the VAS score, time of onset of BTP, dose of morphine, incidence of adverse events, QOL score, and relative WNK1 expression in the PB were lower than those of the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Combination treatment with controlled-release morphine tablets and celecoxib can be extensively used in the clinical setting because it effectively improves the symptoms, QOL score, and adverse effects in patients with osteocarcinoma-related pain.


Assuntos
Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Morfina , Resultado do Tratamento , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Computadores de Mão , Manejo da Dor , Celecoxib , Proteína Quinase 1 Deficiente de Lisina WNK , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico
12.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(18)2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911816

RESUMO

Hydrogen-induced disproportionation (HID) during the cycles of absorption and desorption leads to a serious decline in the storage capacity of the ZrCo alloy, which has been recognized as the biggest obstacle to its application. Therefore, the prerequisite of a ZrCo application is to solve its anti-disproportionation problem in the field of rapid hydrogen isotope storage. Beyond surface modification and nanoball milling, this work systematically reviews the method of element substitution, which can obviously improve the anti-disproportionation. From a micro angle, as hydrogen atoms that occupy the 8e site in the ZrCoH3 lattice are instable and are considered to be the driving force of disproportionation, researchers believe that element substitution by changing the occupation of hydrogen atoms at the 8e site can improve the anti-disproportionation of the alloy. At present, Ti/Nb substitutions for the Zr terminal among substitute elements have an excellent anti-disproportionation performance. In this work, up-to-date research studies on anti-disproportionation and its disproportionation mechanism of the ZrCo alloy are introduced by combining experiments and simulations. Moreover, the optimization of the alloy based on the occupation mechanism of 8e sites is expected to improve the anti-disproportionation of the ZrCo alloy.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(12)2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580476

RESUMO

In order to explore the effect of the energetic complex on the thermal decomposition HMX, two new rare-earth energetic complexes [La(tza)(NO3)2(H2O)4]n (1) and [Ce(tza)(NO3)2(H2O)4]n (2) (Htza = tetrazole-1-acetic acid) were prepared by a solvent evaporation method. The obtained products were structurally characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis coupled with differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC). In addition, the compatibility of complex 1 with cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine (HMX) was studied by DSC and FTIR, respectively. Structural analysis suggested that complex 1 exhibits an orthorhombic, P 21 21 21 space group, and the La (III) ion was 10-fold coordinated in a distorted double-capped antiprism configuration. Complex 2 featured a one-dimensional, right-handed helical infinite chain. The effect of complexes 1 and 2 on the thermal decomposition of HMX was investigated by DSC, which revealed that complex 1 showed a slightly better effect than 2 on the thermal decomposition of HMX and released more heat. Furthermore, complex 1 had good compatibility with HMX, indicating that it may act as a combustion promoter for nitrate ester plasticized polyether (NEPE) solid propellant.

14.
Nanoscale ; 12(17): 9557-9568, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315004

RESUMO

Oxygen vacancies or defects play a significant role in improving the intrinsic activities of bimetallic hydroxides towards the oxygen evolution reaction (OER); however, their rational design and preparation remain a great challenge. In this study, oxygen vacancy-rich amorphous porous nickel iron hydroxide nanolayers supported on carbon paper (NiFe(OH)x/CP) are rationally prepared through a facile approach involving the sequential electrochemical deposition of a Prussian blue (PB) nanocrystal layer and Ni(OH)x layer on carbon paper followed by an alkaline etching process, where PB nanocrystals act as an Fe source and template for the formation of an amorphous porous NiFe(OH)x layer. NiFe(OH)x/CP with an ultralow loading of 0.8 mg cm-2 exhibits outstanding OER activities, showing a low overpotential of 303 mV at 100 mA cm-2 and a small Tafel slope of 33.8 mV dec-1 in an alkaline electrolyte, which are superior to the state-of-the-art IrO2 catalysts, and among the best results compared to the reported bimetallic compounds. Moreover, NiFe(OH)x/CP exhibits excellent long-term stability with negligible degradation after water splitting for 50 h. Its superior electrocatalytic OER performance benefits from the massive oxygen vacancies derived from the amorphous and distorted structures, the synergistic effect between Ni and Fe species with an optimized Ni/Fe ratio, and the efficient electron and mass transfer of carbon paper. This work paves a new avenue for the rational design and preparation of amorphous porous structures with abundant oxygen vacancies to improve the intrinsic activities for energy storage and conversion applications.

15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 235: 115944, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122483

RESUMO

Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) based novel functional films containing Chinese chives root extract (CRE) at different concentrations (1, 3 and 5 % in w/w) were successfully fabricated. It was revealed by SEM that higher extract concentration triggered the formation of agglomerates within the film. Tensile strength of the films was decreased from 30.91 to 16.48 MPa. Thickness of films was increased from 43 to 84 µm, while decrease in water solubility from 77.51-52.91 %, swelling degree from 55.74 to 40.37 %, and water vapor permeability from 5.76 to 1.17 10-10 gm-1s-1 Pa-1 was observed. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging ability of CMC-CRE films was increased from 0 to 58 % and 82 %, respectively. CMC-CRE5 film showed the highest biodegradability of 58.14 %. The film prepared by the addition of CRE into CMC also exhibited good antioxidant and antimicrobial activity indicating that it could be developed as a bio-composite food packaging material for the food industry.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica/farmacologia , Cebolinha-Francesa/química , Embalagem de Alimentos , Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Benzotiazóis/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica/química , China , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tamanho da Partícula , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Solubilidade , Vapor , Ácidos Sulfônicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 150: 595-604, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057859

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to develop chitosan (CS) based novel functional films containing Chinese chive root extract (CRE) using solution casting method. CRE at different concentrations (1, 3 and 5% in w/w) were incorporated into the film-forming solution. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal behavior analysis (DSC & TGA) were performed to investigate the structure, potential interaction and thermal stability of prepared films. It was revealed by SEM that higher extract concentration triggered the formation of agglomerates within the films. Incorporation of CRE into CS resulted in decrease tensile properties of the films from 28.9 to 15.4 MPa, whereas thickness was increased from 0.076 to 0.113 mm. The water solubility, swelling degree and water vapor permeability were significantly decreased from 31.6 to 18.7%, 57.4 to 40.5% and 15.67 to 7.81 × 10-11 g·m-1s-1Pa-1, respectively. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging ability of CS-CRE films were increased from 6.95 to 47.05% and 11.98 to 57.38%, respectively. CS-CRE5 film showed the highest biodegradability of 47.36%. The films prepared by addition of CRE into CS exhibited good antioxidant and antimicrobial activity indicating that it could be developed as bio-composite food packaging material for food industry.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Quitosana/química , Cebolinha-Francesa/química , Embalagem de Alimentos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Fenômenos Químicos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Polifenóis/química , Análise Espectral
17.
Food Chem ; 309: 125779, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704074

RESUMO

Germinated edible seeds and sprouts are becoming increasingly common in the human diet because they are rich in bioactive compounds and antioxidants and are highly nutritious. In this study, the effects of NaCl stress and supplemental CaCl2 on carotenoid accumulation, antioxidant capacity and expression of key enzymes in yellow maize kernels were investigated. The results showed that the lutein and zeaxanthin contents increased with NaCl treatment, and further increased with supplemental CaCl2. Additionally, germinated yellow maize kernels showed increased antioxidant capacity in response to NaCl and CaCl2. The transcript levels of carotenogenic genes ZmPSY and ZmCYP97C were upregulated and the expression levels of ZmLCYB and ZmBCH1 were downregulated under NaCl stress. The expression of all key carotenogenic genes was upregulated by CaCl2 supplementation. These results suggested that NaCl and CaCl2 contribute to carotenoid accumulation via increased expression of related carotenogenic genes and increased antioxidant capacity in germinated yellow maize kernels.


Assuntos
Carotenoides/metabolismo , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Zea mays/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cloreto de Cálcio/farmacologia , Carotenoides/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Germinação , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , RNA de Plantas/genética , RNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Zea mays/metabolismo
18.
Food Chem ; 307: 125525, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639577

RESUMO

This study investigated effects of different concentrations of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on carotenoids accumulation, radical scavenging activity and proline content in germinated maize kernels. MeJA treatment promoted carotenoids accumulation, radical scavenging activity and proline accumulation, while salicyl hydroxamic acid (SHAM) reduced carotenoids accumulation. There was a significant increase of 42.5% in lutein content when treated with 0.5 µM MeJA. Furthermore, the transcriptional expression of seven carotenogenic genes were explored by MeJA and SHAM. The results showed that 0.5 µM MeJA significantly increased the gene expression levels of PSY, PDS, ZDS, LCYB, LCYE, BCH1, CYP97C, and their transcript levels, which were strongly associated with carotenoids content. Treatment of MeJA affected the carotenoids biosynthesis gene and led to the accumulation of carotenoids. These new findings would help to develop innovative approach for enrichment of lutein in germinated maize kernels for further development of functional food materials.


Assuntos
Acetatos/farmacologia , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Carotenoides/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/química , Germinação , Luteína/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Prolina/análise , Zea mays/metabolismo
19.
Food Chem ; 309: 124935, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732250

RESUMO

Cabbag has been considered as one of attractive raw materials for dehydrated vegetables owing to high nutrient value. However, information about how drying methods affect the physicochemical properties of cabbage is limited. In present study, segmented cabbages were subjected to freeze drying (FD), hot air drying (HAD), microwave vacuum drying (MVD), vacuum drying (VD), MVD combined with HAD (MVD + HAD) and VD (MVD + VD). Dehydrated cabbages were compared in terms of nutritional components, antioxidant activity, microstructure, texture and so on. Results demonstrated that HAD conducted a worse effect, with loss rate of nutritional components >45%. However, two combined methods performed higher retention for nutritional compositions, better antioxidant activity and lower energy consumption than individual HAD. Furthermore, MVD + HAD products exhibited higher rehydration capacity and more uniform honeycomb porous structure but lower hardness compared to HAD. This conclusion would be fundamental for choosing more appropriate drying methods to obtain desirable quality.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Brassica/química , Dessecação/métodos , Liofilização , Temperatura Alta , Micro-Ondas , Vácuo
20.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(12)2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775335

RESUMO

A high-efficient and low-cost catalyst on hydrogen isotope separation between hydrogen and water is an essential factor in industrial application for heavy water production and water detritiation. In past studies, Pt-based catalysts were developed but not practical for commercial use due to their high cost for vapor phase catalytic exchange (VPCE), while for impregnated nickel catalysts with a lower cost the problems of agglomeration and low Ni utilization existed. Therefore, to solve these problems, in-situ grown Ni-based catalysts (NiAl-LDO) derived from a layered double hydroxide (LDH) precursor were fabricated and first applied in VPCE in this work. Compared with traditional impregnated Ni-based catalysts, NiAl-LDO catalysts own a unique layered structure, homogeneous dispersed metallic phase, higher specific surface area as well as stronger metal-support interactions to prevent active metal from agglomerating. These advantages are beneficial for exposing more active sites to improve dynamic contacts between H2 and HDO in a catalyst surface and can bring excellent catalytic activity under a reaction temperature of lower than 400 °C. Additionally, we found that the dissociative chemisorption of HDO and H2 occurs not only in Ni (111) but also in NiO species where chemisorbed H(ads), D(ads), OH(ads) and OD(ads) are formed. The results highlight that both of the Ni2+ species and Ni0 species possess catalytic activities for VPCE process.

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