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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16478, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389738

RESUMO

Here we present a microengineered soft-robotic in vitro platform developed by integrating a pneumatically regulated novel elastomeric actuator with primary culture of human cells. This system is capable of generating dynamic bending motion akin to the constriction of tubular organs that can exert controlled compressive forces on cultured living cells. Using this platform, we demonstrate cyclic compression of primary human endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and smooth muscle cells to show physiological changes in their morphology due to applied forces. Moreover, we present mechanically actuatable organotypic models to examine the effects of compressive forces on three-dimensional multicellular constructs designed to emulate complex tissues such as solid tumors and vascular networks. Our work provides a preliminary demonstration of how soft-robotics technology can be leveraged for in vitro modeling of complex physiological tissue microenvironment, and may enable the development of new research tools for mechanobiology and related areas.


Assuntos
Robótica , Engenharia Tecidual , Força Compressiva , Células Endoteliais/fisiologia , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Robótica/instrumentação , Robótica/métodos
2.
Adv Mater ; 33(25): e2100026, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984170

RESUMO

Recently developed methods for transforming 2D patterns of thin-film materials into 3D mesostructures create many interesting opportunities in microsystems design. A growing area of interest is in multifunctional thermal, electrical, chemical, and optical interfaces to biological tissues, particularly 3D multicellular, millimeter-scale constructs, such as spheroids, assembloids, and organoids. Herein, examples of 3D mechanical interfaces are presented, in which thin ribbons of parylene-C form the basis of transparent, highly compliant frameworks that can be reversibly opened and closed to capture, envelop, and mechanically restrain fragile 3D tissues in a gentle, nondestructive manner, for precise measurements of viscoelastic properties using techniques in nanoindentation. Finite element analysis serves as a design tool to guide selection of geometries and material parameters for shape-matching 3D architectures tailored to organoids of interest. These computational approaches also quantitate all aspects of deformations during the processes of opening and closing the structures and of forces imparted by them onto the surfaces of enclosed soft tissues. Studies of cerebral organoids by nanoindentation show effective Young's moduli in the range from 1.5 to 2.5 kPa depending on the age of the organoid. This collection of results suggests broad utility of compliant 3D mesostructures in noninvasive mechanical measurements of millimeter-scale, soft biological tissues.

4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5990, 2020 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33239608

RESUMO

Bioresorbable electronic stimulators are of rapidly growing interest as unusual therapeutic platforms, i.e., bioelectronic medicines, for treating disease states, accelerating wound healing processes and eliminating infections. Here, we present advanced materials that support operation in these systems over clinically relevant timeframes, ultimately bioresorbing harmlessly to benign products without residues, to eliminate the need for surgical extraction. Our findings overcome key challenges of bioresorbable electronic devices by realizing lifetimes that match clinical needs. The devices exploit a bioresorbable dynamic covalent polymer that facilitates tight bonding to itself and other surfaces, as a soft, elastic substrate and encapsulation coating for wireless electronic components. We describe the underlying features and chemical design considerations for this polymer, and the biocompatibility of its constituent materials. In devices with optimized, wireless designs, these polymers enable stable, long-lived operation as distal stimulators in a rat model of peripheral nerve injuries, thereby demonstrating the potential of programmable long-term electrical stimulation for maintaining muscle receptivity and enhancing functional recovery.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/instrumentação , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/terapia , Poliuretanos/química , Tecnologia sem Fio/instrumentação , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Ratos , Regeneração , Nervo Isquiático/lesões , Nervo Isquiático/fisiologia
5.
Radiol Case Rep ; 15(2): 141-143, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827660

RESUMO

Hepatocellular adenomas (HCAs) are benign lesions of the liver which can rarely undergo malignant transformation. We report a 26-year-old woman with no underlying liver disease found to have an incidental liver lesion on noncontrast CT during workup for gastric reflux. Follow up MRI revealed a 10 cm gadoxetate-retaining lesion within the right hepatic lobe with imaging features suggestive of HCA vs focal nodular hyperplasia . Within this lesion was a focus of arterial enhancement with venous washout suggestive of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within HCA, later confirmed at surgical resection. Understanding the imaging characteristics of HCAs as well as their rare ability to undergo malignant transformation is useful in differentiating HCAs from focal nodular hyperplasia.

6.
ACS Nano ; 13(7): 7627-7643, 2019 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31194909

RESUMO

The vasculature is an essential component of the circulatory system that plays a vital role in the development, homeostasis, and disease of various organs in the human body. The ability to emulate the architecture and transport function of blood vessels in the integrated context of their associated organs represents an important requirement for studying a wide range of physiological processes. Traditional in vitro models of the vasculature, however, largely fail to offer such capabilities. Here we combine microfluidic three-dimensional (3D) cell culture with the principle of vasculogenic self-assembly to engineer perfusable 3D microvascular beds in vitro. Our system is created in a micropatterned hydrogel construct housed in an elastomeric microdevice that enables coculture of primary human vascular endothelial cells and fibroblasts to achieve de novo formation, anastomosis, and controlled perfusion of 3D vascular networks. An open-top chamber design adopted in this hybrid platform also makes it possible to integrate the microengineered 3D vasculature with other cell types to recapitulate organ-specific cellular heterogeneity and structural organization of vascularized human tissues. Using these capabilities, we developed stem cell-derived microphysiological models of vascularized human adipose tissue and the blood-retinal barrier. Our approach was also leveraged to construct a 3D organotypic model of vascularized human lung adenocarcinoma as a high-content drug screening platform to simulate intravascular delivery, tumor-killing effects, and vascular toxicity of a clinical chemotherapeutic agent. Furthermore, we demonstrated the potential of our platform for applications in nanomedicine by creating microengineered models of vascular inflammation to evaluate a nanoengineered drug delivery system based on active targeting liposomal nanocarriers. These results represent a significant improvement in our ability to model the complexity of native human tissues and may provide a basis for developing predictive preclinical models for biopharmaceutical applications.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Engenharia Celular , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Fibroblastos/citologia , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Hidrogéis/química , Microcirculação
7.
Biomicrofluidics ; 12(4): 042211, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29887935

RESUMO

Occlusion of distal airways due to mucus plugs is a key pathological feature common to a wide variety of obstructive pulmonary diseases. Breathing-induced movement of airway mucus plugs along the respiratory tract has been shown to generate abnormally large mechanical stresses, acting as an insult that can incite acute injury to the airway epithelium. Here, we describe a unique microengineering strategy to model this pathophysiological process using a bioinspired microfluidic device. Our system combines an air-liquid interface culture of primary human small airway epithelial cells with a microengineered biomimetic platform to replicate the process of mucus exudation induced by airway constriction that leads to the formation of mucus plugs across the airway lumen. Specifically, we constructed a compartmentalized three-dimensional (3D) microfluidic device in which extracellular matrix hydrogel scaffolds reminiscent of airway stroma were compressed to discharge fluid into the airway compartment and form liquid plugs. We demonstrated that this plug formation process and subsequent movement of liquid plugs through the airway channel can be regulated in a precisely controlled manner. Furthermore, we examined the detrimental effect of plug propagation on the airway epithelium to simulate acute epithelial injury during airway closure. Our system allows for a novel biomimetic approach to modeling a complex and dynamic biophysical microenvironment of diseased human airways and may serve as an enabling platform for mechanistic investigation of key disease processes that drive the progression and exacerbation of obstructive pulmonary diseases.

8.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 3(1): 59-68, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23868871

RESUMO

Stable pH is an established biomarker of health, relevant to all tissues of the body, including the heart. Clinical monitoring of pH in a practical manner, with high spatiotemporal resolution, is particularly difficult in organs such as the heart due to its soft mechanics, curvilinear geometry, heterogeneous surfaces, and continuous, complex rhythmic motion. The results presented here illustrate that advanced strategies in materials assembly and electrochemical growth can yield interconnected arrays of miniaturized IrOx pH sensors encapsulated in thin, low-modulus elastomers to yield conformal monitoring systems capable of noninvasive measurements on the surface of the beating heart. A thirty channel custom data acquisition system enables spatiotemporal pH mapping with a single potentiostat. In vitro testing reveals super-Nernstian sensitivity with excellent uniformity (69.9 ± 2.2 mV/pH), linear response to temperature (-1.6 mV °C(-1) ), and minimal influence of extracellular ions (<3.5 mV). Device examples include sensor arrays on balloon catheters and on skin-like stretchable membranes. Real-time measurement of pH on the surfaces of explanted rabbit hearts and a donated human heart during protocols of ischemia-reperfusion illustrate some of the capabilities. Envisioned applications range from devices for biological research, to surgical tools and long-term implants.


Assuntos
Eletrônica , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Íons/química , Íons/metabolismo , Isquemia/metabolismo , Isquemia/patologia , Microeletrodos , Miocárdio/química , Próteses e Implantes , Coelhos , Reperfusão , Temperatura
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