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1.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 72, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452400

RESUMO

Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a clinically distinct and highly aggressive form of breast cancer with rapid onset and a strong propensity to metastasize. The molecular mechanisms underlying the aggressiveness and metastatic propensity of IBC are largely unknown. Herein, we report that decorin (DCN), a small leucine-rich extracellular matrix proteoglycan, is downregulated in tumors from patients with IBC. Overexpression of DCN in IBC cells markedly decreased migration, invasion, and cancer stem cells in vitro and inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in IBC xenograft mouse models. Mechanistically, DCN functioned as a suppressor of invasion and tumor growth in IBC by destabilizing E-cadherin and inhibiting EGFR/ERK signaling. DCN physically binds E-cadherin in IBC cells and accelerates its degradation through an autophagy-linked lysosomal pathway. We established that DCN inhibits tumorigenesis and metastasis in IBC cells by negatively regulating the E-cadherin/EGFR/ERK axis. Our findings offer a potential therapeutic strategy for IBC, and provide a novel mechanism for IBC pathobiology.

2.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403525

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The role of modified radical mastectomy (MRM) in patients with de novo stage IV inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) remains controversial. We evaluated the impact of MRM on outcomes in this population. METHODS: Ninety-seven women presenting with stage IV IBC were identified in an institutional database (2007-2016) and were stratified by receipt of MRM or no surgery (non-MRM). Demographic, clinicopathologic, and treatment factors were compared. Local-regional recurrence patterns were described and survival analyses were conducted. RESULTS: All patients initially received chemotherapy. Fifty-two patients (53.6%) underwent MRM; 47 received post-mastectomy radiation. Differences between the non-MRM and MRM groups included tumor receptor subtypes (hormone receptor-positive [HR+]/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive [HER2+]: 4.4% vs. 19.2%; HR+/HER2-negative [HER2-]: 31.1% vs. 44.2%; HR-negative [HR-]/HER2+: 24.4% vs. 15.4%; and HR-/HER2-: 40.0% vs. 21.2%; p = 0.03), number of metastatic sites (3 vs. 2; p = 0.01), and clinical partial/complete response to chemotherapy (13.3% vs. 75.0%; p < 0.001). Of the 47 patients who completed trimodality therapy, 6 (12.8%) had a local-regional recurrence. Median overall survival (OS) was 19 months in the non-MRM group and 58 months in the MRM group (p < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, clinical N3 disease (hazard ratio 2.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-4.37; p = 0.03) as well as tumor subtypes HR+/HER2- (hazard ratio 4.98, 95% CI 1.15-21.47; p = 0.03) and HR-/HER2- (hazard ratio 7.18, 95% CI 1.66-31.07; p = 0.008) were associated with decreased OS. Partial/complete response of distant disease to chemotherapy (hazard ratio 0.43, 95% CI 0.24-0.77; p = 0.005) and receipt of MRM (hazard ratio 0.52, 95% CI 0.29-0.93; p = 0.03) were independently associated with improved OS. CONCLUSIONS: In our retrospective study, MRM in de novo stage IV IBC patients is an independent factor associated with improved OS. Our findings strongly support the need for prospective randomized trials evaluating possible survival benefits of MRM in de novo stage IV IBC patients.

3.
Cancer ; 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk of recurrence among patients with oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) who survive 5 years is low. The goal of this study was to assess long-term survival of patients with OPC alive without recurrence 5 years after diagnosis. METHODS: This study included newly diagnosed patients with OPC, who had been treated with radiation and were alive without recurrence 5 years after diagnosis. Overall survival (OS) probabilities beyond 5 years were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Factors associated with OS were determined using Bayesian piecewise exponential survival regression. Standardized mortality ratios for all-cause death were estimated controlling for study year, age, and sex in the US general population. RESULTS: Among 1699 patients, the additional 2-year, 5-year, and 10-year OS probabilities were 94%, 83%, and 63%, respectively, and were lower than those in the general population. Patients who were older, were current or former smokers, had other than tonsil or base of tongue tumors, or had T4 tumors had a higher risk of death. Patients who had base of tongue tumors and had received intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or lower-radiation doses had a lower risk of death. Standardized mortality ratios were higher among current and heavy smokers and lower among recipients of IMRT and lower radiation doses. CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort, long-term survival among patients with OPC was good but lower than predicted for the general population. Patients treated with IMRT and those with less tobacco exposure had better outcomes.

4.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with new-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs) may provide survival benefits to the cancer population undergoing PCI by expediting cancer treatment due to improved safety profile. We aimed to assess the safety of starting or resuming cancer treatment within 6 months of DES placement. We also compared the impact of different DES types on the overall survival (OS) in cancer patients and to identify a safe threshold for dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) discontinuation. METHODS: Cancer patients at our institution undergoing PCI with DES from December 2014 to June 2017 were included. Baseline demographics, DAPT duration, malignancy type, stage, and treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate Cox regression was used to pinpoint baseline characteristics that correlated with OS. Survivorship was determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis, and the log-rank test was used to compare OS among DES types. RESULTS: Seventy-five patients were included. Of these, 45 had biodegradable polymer DES (Synergy) and 30 patients had durable polymer DES (Resolute Integrity, Xience, Ion, or Promus). Mean duration of follow-up was 1367 ± 334 days. There were two minor bleeding complications. No statistically significant differences in OS were found among different stent brands. Discontinuation of aspirin, early P2Y12 inhibitor discontinuation, and advanced cancer were significantly associated with OS. DAPT discontinuation <6 months after PCI was not associated with stent thrombosis or in-stent restenosis. There were two major adverse cardiac events: one in-stent restenosis while on DAPT for >12 months (attributed to radiation-induced heart disease) and one myocardial infarction and death. Of patients who resumed or started cancer treatment (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery) after PCI, all but one did so within 6 months of PCI, and most of them as early as 2 weeks. CONCLUSION: Patients may resume cancer treatment <6 months after PCI. We suggest that DAPT may be safely interrupted as early as 6 months, but additional longitudinal studies are needed.

5.
Oncologist ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140515

RESUMO

LESSONS LEARNED: The combination of eribulin with FAC/FEC was not superior to the combination of paclitaxel with FAC/FEC and was associated with greater hematologic toxicity. Eribulin followed by an anthracycline-based regimen is not recommended as a standard neoadjuvant therapy in nonmetastatic operable breast cancer. BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy is the standard of care for locally advanced operable breast cancer. We hypothesized eribulin may improve the pathological complete response (pCR) rate compared with paclitaxel. METHODS: We conducted a 1:1 randomized open-label phase II study comparing eribulin versus paclitaxel followed by 5-fluorouracil, either doxorubicin or epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC/FEC) in patients with operable HER2-negative breast cancer. pCR and toxicity of paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 weekly for 12 doses or eribulin 1.4 mg/m2 on days 1/8 of a 21-day cycle for 4 cycles followed by FAC/FEC were compared. RESULTS: At the interim futility analysis, in March 2015, 51 patients (28 paclitaxel, 23 eribulin) had received at least 1 dose of the study drug and were thus evaluable for toxicity; of these, 47 (26 paclitaxel, 21 eribulin) had undergone surgery and were thus evaluable for efficacy. Seven of 26 (27%) in the paclitaxel group and 1 of 21 (5%) in the eribulin group achieved a pCR, and this result crossed a futility stopping boundary. In the paclitaxel group, the most common serious adverse events (SAEs) were neutropenic fever (grade 3, 3 patients, 11%). In the eribulin group, 9 patients (39%) had neutropenia-related SAEs, and 1 died of neutropenic sepsis. The study was thus discontinued. For the paclitaxel and eribulin groups, the 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rates were 81.8% and 74.0% (HR, 1.549; 95% CI, 0.817 to 2.938; p = .3767), and the 5-year OS rates were 100% and 84.4% (HR, 5.813; 95% CI, 0.647 to 52.208; p = .0752), respectively. CONCLUSION: We did not observe a higher proportion of patients undergoing breast conservation surgery in the eribulin group than in the paclitaxel group. The patients treated with eribulin were more likely to undergo mastectomy and less likely to undergo breast conservation surgery, but the difference was not statistically significant. As neoadjuvant therapy for operable HER2-negative breast cancer, eribulin followed by FAC/FEC is not superior to paclitaxel followed by FAC/FEC and is associated with a higher incidence of neutropenia-related serious AEs.

6.
Radiother Oncol ; 152: 49-55, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spine stereotactic radiosurgery (SSRS) offers high rates of local control in a critical anatomic area by delivering precise, ablative doses of radiation for treatment of spine metastases. However, the dose tolerance of the spinal cord (SC) after SSRS with relation to radiation myelopathy (RM) is not well-described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed patients who underwent single fraction, de novo SSRS from 2012-2017 and received >12 Gy Dmax to the SC, defined using MRI-CT fusion without PRV expansion. The standard SC constraint was D0.01cc ≤ 12 Gy. Local control was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Bayesian analysis was used to compute posterior probabilities for RM. RESULTS: A total of 146 SSRS treatments among 132 patients were included. The median SC Dmax was 12.6 Gy (range, 12.1-17.1 Gy). The SC Dmax was >12 and <13 Gy for 109 (75%) treatments, ≥13 and <14 Gy for 28 (19%) treatments, and ≥14 Gy for 9 (6%) treatments. The 1-year local control rate was 94%. With a median follow-up time of 42 months, there were zero (0) RM events observed. Assuming a prior 4.3% risk of RM, the true rate of RM for SC Dmax of ≤14 Gy was computed as <1% with 98% probability. CONCLUSION: In one of the largest series of patients treated with single fraction, de novo SSRS, there were no cases of RM observed with a median follow-up of 42 months. These data support safe relaxation of MRI-defined SC dose up to D0.01cc ≤ 12 Gy, which corresponds to <1% risk of RM.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis (AS) is viable in cancer patients. TAVR may be preferred in cancer patients due to its minimally invasive nature and smaller impact on oncologic therapies compared to SAVR. Objectives We sought to determine if TAVR is an acceptable alternative to SAVR in cancer patients and whether TAVR allows for earlier initiation or resumption of anti-cancer therapies. METHODS: Cancer patients in a tertiary cancer center diagnosed with severe AS were retrospectively included. Patients accepted by the heart team underwent either TAVR or SAVR, while remaining patients received medical therapy alone. Time intervals to initiation of cancer treatment and the impact of cancer treatment on the replaced valves were recorded. Logistic regression was performed to determine the impact of treatment strategy on overall survival (OS) in all 3 subgroups. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-seven cancer patients diagnosed with severe AS were identified. AVR was associated with better OS compared to medical therapy alone (p < 0.0001). TAVR was associated with better OS at 72 months (HR = 0.468, p < 0.001) compared to medical therapy alone, with no difference in OS observed between SAVR and TAVR. Time intervals to initiation of cancer treatments were shorter in the TAVR group, with no valve deterioration or infection observed in all groups. CONCLUSION: Cancer patients with severe AS benefit from AVR. TAVR is a viable alternative to SAVR in high-risk cancer patients to prolong survival and allow for earlier administration or resumption of anti-neoplastic therapies.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(7)2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32630797

RESUMO

Background : Ten to fourteen percent of Ewing sarcoma (ES) study participants treated nationwide with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R)-targeted antibodies achieved tumor regression. Despite this success, low response rates and short response durations (approximately 7-weeks) have slowed the development of this therapy. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of five phase-1b/2 ES-oriented trials that evaluated the anticancer activity of IGF-1R antibodies +/- mTOR inhibitors (mTORi). Our meta-analysis provided a head-to-head comparison of the clinical benefits of IGF-1R antibodies vs. the IGF-1R/mTOR-targeted combination. Available pretreatment clinical samples were semi-quantitatively scored using immunohistochemistry to detect proteins in the IGF-1R/PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway linked to clinical response. Early PET/CT imaging, obtained within the first 2 weeks (median 10 days), were examined to determine if reduced FDG avidity was predictive of progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Among 56 ES patients treated at MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) with IGF-1R antibodies, our analysis revealed a significant ~two-fold improvement in PFS that favored a combination of IGF-1R/mTORi therapy (1.6 vs. 3.3-months, p = 0.042). Low pIGF-1R in the pretreatment specimens was associated with treatment response. Reduced total-lesion glycolysis more accurately predicted the IGF-1R response than other previously reported radiological biomarkers. Conclusion: Synergistic drug combinations, and newly identified proteomic or radiological biomarkers of IGF-1R response, may be incorporated into future IGF-1R-related trials to improve the response rate in ES patients.

9.
Chest ; 158(6): 2658-2666, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the many advances in peripheral bronchoscopy, its diagnostic yield remains suboptimal. With the use of cone-beam CT imaging we have found atelectasis mimicking lung tumors or obscuring them when using radial-probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS), but its incidence remains unknown. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the incidence, anatomic location, and risk factors for developing atelectasis during bronchoscopy under general anesthesia? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study in which patients undergoing peripheral bronchoscopy under general anesthesia were subject to an atelectasis survey carried out by RP-EBUS under fluoroscopic guidance. The following dependent segments were evaluated: right bronchus 2 (RB2), RB6, RB9, and RB10; and left bronchus 2 (LB2), LB6, LB9, and LB10. Images were categorized either as aerated lung ("snowstorm" pattern) or as having a nonaerated/atelectatic pattern. Categorization was performed by three independent readers. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were enrolled. The overall intraclass correlation agreement among readers was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.71-0.89). Median time from anesthesia induction to atelectasis survey was 33 min (range, 3-94 min). Fifty-one patients (89%; 95% CI, 78%-96%) had atelectasis in at least one of the eight evaluated segments, 45 patients (79%) had atelectasis in at least three, 41 patients (72%) had atelectasis in at least four, 33 patients (58%) had atelectasis in at least five, and 18 patients (32%) had atelectasis in at least six segments. Right and left B6, B9, and B10 segments showed atelectasis in > 50% of patients. BMI and time to atelectasis survey were associated with increased odds of having more atelectatic segments (BMI: OR, 1.13 per unit change; 95% CI, 1.034-1.235; P = .007; time to survey: OR, 1.064 per minute; 95% CI, 1.025-1.105; P = .001). INTERPRETATION: The incidence of atelectasis developing during bronchoscopy under general anesthesia in dependent lung zones is high, and the number of atelectatic segments is greater with higher BMI and with longer time under anesthesia. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT03523689; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.

10.
Int J Cardiol ; 313: 1-8, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of invasive versus noninvasive management in oncology patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are unclear. We aimed to retrospectively determine outcome differences between conservative and invasive management of AMI in cancer patients. METHODS: Patients from our institution between March 2016 and December 2018 with type 1 and type 2 AMI (excluding STEMI) were classified into 2 groups: medical therapy only and invasive strategies. Analyzed outcomes were overall survival (OS), procedural complications, subsequent events, and hospice referral. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare OS between subgroups. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were conducted to find factors associated with OS. RESULTS: We included 201 patients. Type 1 MI was seen in 152 patients (76%) and type 2 MI in 49 (24%). Median OS was 13 months. Most presented with symptoms other than dyspnea or chest pain (49%) and with ECG revealing changes other than ST-segment depression and T-wave inversion (62%). Patients with type 2 MI had worse OS than patients with type 1 MI (HR = 2.3, p = 0.0002). Early coronary angiography (≤72 h; HR = 0.327, p < 0.0001), late coronary angiography (>72 h; HR = 0.496, p = 0.0426), and percutaneous coronary intervention (HR = 0.481, p = 0.0116) were associated with better OS than noninvasive approaches. Single and dual agent antiplatelet therapy, beta blockers, and statins were each associated with better OS. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer patients without STEMI who underwent invasive treatment for AMI had better OS compared with those treated only medically, with the highest benefit when coronary angiography was performed within 72 h of admission for AMI.

11.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 6: 11, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219153

RESUMO

We developed prognostic models for breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) that consider anatomic stage and other important determinants of prognosis and survival in breast cancer, such as age, grade, and receptor-based subtypes with the intention to demonstrate that these factors, conditional on stage, improve prediction of BCSS. A total of 20,928 patients with stage I-III invasive primary breast cancer treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between 1990 and 2016, who received surgery as an initial treatment were identified to generate prognostic models by Fine-Gray competing risk regression model. Model predictive accuracy was assessed using Harrell's C-index. The Aalen-Johansen estimator and a selected Fine-Gray model were used to estimate the 5-year and 10-year BCSS probabilities. The performance of the selected model was evaluated by assessing discrimination and prediction calibration in an external validation dataset of 29,727 patients from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). The inclusion of age, grade, and receptor-based subtype in addition to stage significantly improved the model predictive accuracy (C-index: 0.774 (95% CI 0.755-0.794) vs. 0.692 for stage alone, p < 0.0001). Young age (<40), higher grade, and TNBC subtype were significantly associated with worse BCSS. The selected model showed good discriminative ability but poor calibration when applied to the validation data. After recalibration, the predictions showed good calibration in the training and validation data. More refined BCSS prediction is possible through a model that has been externally validated and includes clinical and biological factors.

12.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care ; 37(9): 707-715, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986903

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In patients with advanced cancer, prolongation of life with treatment often incurs substantial emotional and financial expense. Among hospitalized patients with cancer since acute kidney injury (AKI) is known to be associated with much higher odds for hospital mortality, we investigated whether renal replacement therapy (RRT) use in the intensive care unit (ICU) was a significant independent predictor of worse outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients admitted in 2005 to 2014 who were diagnosed with stage IV solid tumors, had AKI, and a nephrology consult. The main outcomes were survival times from the landmark time points, inpatient mortality, and longer term survival after hospital discharge. Logistic regression and Cox proportional regression were used to compare inpatient mortality and longer term survival between RRT and non-RRT groups. Propensity score-matched landmark survival analyses were performed with 2 landmark time points chosen at day 2 and at day 7 from ICU admission. RESULTS: Of the 465 patients with stage IV cancer admitted to the ICU with AKI, 176 needed RRT. In the multivariate logistic regression model after adjusting for baseline serum albumin and baseline maximum Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), the patients who received RRT were not significantly different from non-RRT patients in inpatient mortality (odds ratio: 1.004 [95% confidence interval: 0.598-1.684], P = .9892). In total, 189 patients were evaluated for the impact of RRT on long-term survival and concluded that RRT was not significantly associated with long-term survival after discharge for patients who discharged alive. Landmark analyses at day 2 and day 7 confirmed the same findings. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that receiving RRT in the ICU was not significantly associated with inpatient mortality, survival times from the landmark time points, and long-term survival after discharge for patients with stage IV cancer with AKI.

13.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 201(2): 212-223, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574238

RESUMO

Rationale: When stereotactic ablative radiotherapy is an option for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), distinguishing between N0, N1, and N2 or N3 (N2|3) disease is important.Objectives: To develop a prediction model for estimating the probability of N0, N1, and N2|3 disease.Methods: Consecutive patients with clinical-radiographic stage T1 to T3, N0 to N3, and M0 NSCLC who underwent endobronchial ultrasound-guided staging from a single center were included. Multivariate ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to predict the presence of N0, N1, or N2|3 disease. Temporal validation used consecutive patients from 3 years later at the same center. External validation used three other hospitals.Measurements and Main Results: In the model development cohort (n = 633), younger age, central location, adenocarcinoma, and higher positron emission tomography-computed tomography nodal stage were associated with a higher probability of having advanced nodal disease. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) were 0.84 and 0.86 for predicting N1 or higher (vs. N0) disease and N2|3 (vs. N0 or N1) disease, respectively. Model fit was acceptable (Hosmer-Lemeshow, P = 0.960; Brier score, 0.36). In the temporal validation cohort (n = 473), AUCs were 0.86 and 0.88. Model fit was acceptable (Hosmer-Lemeshow, P = 0.172; Brier score, 0.30). In the external validation cohort (n = 722), AUCs were 0.86 and 0.88 but required calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow, P < 0.001; Brier score, 0.38). Calibration using the general calibration method resulted in acceptable model fit (Hosmer-Lemeshow, P = 0.094; Brier score, 0.34).Conclusions: This prediction model can estimate the probability of N0, N1, and N2|3 disease in patients with NSCLC. The model has the potential to facilitate decision-making in patients with NSCLC when stereotactic ablative radiotherapy is an option.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Regras de Decisão Clínica , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Radiocirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco
14.
BMJ Support Palliat Care ; 10(1): 25-35, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30244203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A growing number of patients with cancer are older adults. We sought to identify the predictors for overall survival (OS) in older adults with solid tumour and haematological malignancies between January 2013 and December 2016. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed, with a median follow-up of 12.8 months. ANALYSIS: univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. RESULTS: In this study, among the 455 patients with last follow-up date or date of death, 152 (33.4%) died during the follow-up. The median follow-up is 12.8 months (range 0.2-51.1 months) and the median OS is 20.5 months (range 0.3-44.5 months). Among all older patients with cancer, predictors of OS included male gender, cancer stage, malnutrition, history of smoking, heavy alcohol use, frailty, weight loss, major depression, low body weight and nursing home residence. Traditional performance scores (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) and Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS)) were predictors of OS. Independent predictors included age >85 years and haematological malignancies. Among solid tumours (n=311) in addition to the above predictors, comorbidity, gait speed and vitamin D deficiency were associated with OS. CONCLUSIONS: We identified specific geriatric factors associated with OS in older patients with cancer, and comparable in predictive ability to traditional performance scores such as KPS and ECOG. Prospective studies will be necessary to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
Pain Manag ; 9(3): 251-258, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140935

RESUMO

Background: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain is a common source of lower back pain; the factors associated have not been studied in cancer patients. Observing patients with bone marrow aspiration and biopsy (BMAB) who subsequently developed SIJ-pain led to this investigation. Aim: To investigate this possible relationship. Methods: A cohort study of cancer patients diagnosed with SIJ pain. The association of BMAB with SIJ pain was evaluated, as were variables that differed between the groups. Results: The prevalence of SIJ pain was 4.95% (231/4669). Among 231 patients with SIJ pain, 34% (78/231) did not have prior history of lower back pain and had undergone BMAB prior to their diagnosis of SIJ pain. A statistically significant association between BMAB-SIJ-pain was found (p < 0.01). Conclusion: We found linear correlation between BMAB and subsequent SIJ pain.


Assuntos
Artralgia/fisiopatologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Dor Lombar/complicações , Neoplasias/complicações , Articulação Sacroilíaca/patologia , Articulação Sacroilíaca/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia por Agulha , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Dor Lombar/patologia , Dor Lombar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Cancer Med ; 8(6): 2867-2876, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frailty is a syndrome characterized by weakness, slow gait, weight loss, exhaustion, and low activity. We sought to determine whether frailty was associated with age or stage in newly diagnosed patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and determine its association with survival. METHODS: Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed PDAC of all stages underwent baseline assessment. Frailty (per Fried criteria) was defined as having three or more abnormalities in: grip strength, gait speed, weight loss, self-reported exhaustion, or self-reported physical activity. Baseline clinicodemographic characteristics, anatomic stage, performance status, and laboratory markers of prognosis were included. The association between baseline characteristics, frailty, and survival was determined. The associations of individual frailty measures with age, stage, comorbidities, and performance status were examined. Body composition was measured from computed tomographic images using SliceOMatic software. RESULTS: Of 150 patients enrolled, 8 were excluded because they did not have PDAC on final diagnosis. The median age was 65 years (range, 32-89). Seventy-nine patients (55.6%) were sarcopenic, and 36 (25.4%) were frail. Frailty was associated with increasing comorbidities (P = 0.03) and worse performance status (P < 0.01). During follow-up, 79 patients (56%) died. Frailty was significantly associated with death during the follow-up period (P < 0.001) for the entire cohort, including patients with curative (P = 0.038) and palliative (P = 0.003) treatment plans. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty was seen frequently in patients with newly diagnosed PDAC and was not associated with increasing age or more advanced stage. Frailty was a predictor of survival, including patients treated with curative intent.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/complicações , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Fragilidade/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Prognóstico
17.
Cancer Med ; 8(2): 543-553, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is distressing and affects quality of life (QoL) among patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), aplastic anemia (AA), and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). Limited data exist on the impact of fatigue, QoL, and related symptoms in these patients. OBJECTIVE: Prospectively assess fatigue (functional assessment of cancer therapy-anemia [FACT-An]); QoL (FACT-An subscales); pain (brief pain inventory); and depression, anxiety, and stress (depression anxiety stress scale-21) and strategies used to manage these symptoms in patients with MDS, AA, and PNH. METHODS: Surveys were administered via the AA and MDS International Foundation website and database from October 2014 through April 2015 in a cross-sectional study. Results were summarized using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Of 303 patients, 145 (48%) had MDS, 84 (28%) had AA, and 74 (24%) had PNH; 31 (10%) had >1 diagnosis. The mean age was 57 years, 200 (66%) were female, and 195 (92%) were white. The mean fatigue scores were 25 (range 1-52) for the whole cohort, 28 for AA, 25 for MDS, and 24 for PNH (P = 0.117); these are all considered severe level. The mean QoL score was 68 (range 10-104) for the whole cohort, 67 for AA, 69 for MDS, and 67 for PNH (P = 0.821). The ranges for stress were normal; pain and depression, mild; and anxiety, moderate. The most common management strategies perceived as helpful for fatigue in the past month were preserving energy, physical activity, and naps. CONCLUSIONS: Many patients with MDS, AA, and PNH report severe fatigue. The helpfulness of fatigue management strategies may impact patients' continued use; whether these strategies are beneficial and decrease fatigue levels needs more study.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/complicações , Fadiga/etiologia , Hemoglobinúria Paroxística/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia Aplástica/reabilitação , Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Exercício Físico , Fadiga/reabilitação , Feminino , Hemoglobinúria Paroxística/reabilitação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/reabilitação , Dor/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Sono , Adulto Jovem
18.
Oncologist ; 24(4): 483-490, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer have a high use of health care utilization at the end of life, which can frequently involve admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU). We sought to evaluate the predictors for outcome in patients with gastrointestinal (GI) cancer admitted to the ICU for nonsurgical conditions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The primary objective was to determine the predictors of hospital mortality. Secondary objectives included investigating the predictors of ICU mortality and hospital overall survival (OS). All patients with GI cancer admitted to the ICU at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between November 2012 and February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Cancer characteristics, treatment characteristics, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores were analyzed for their effects on survival. RESULTS: The characteristics of the 200 patients were as follows: 64.5% male, mean age of 60 years, median SOFA score of 6.7, and tumor types of intestinal (37.5%), hepatobiliary/pancreatic (36%), and gastroesophageal (24%). The hospital mortality was 41%, and overall 6-month mortality was 75%. In multivariate analysis, high admission SOFA score > 5, poor tumor differentiation, and duration of metastatic disease ≤7 months were associated with increased hospital mortality. For OS, high admission SOFA score > 5, poor tumor differentiation, and patients who were not on active chemotherapy because of poor performance had worse outcome. In multivariate analysis, SOFA score remained significant for OS even after excluding patients who died in the ICU. CONCLUSION: For patients with metastatic GI cancer admitted to the ICU, SOFA score was predictive for both acute and long-term survival. A patient's chemotherapy treatment status was not predictive for hospital mortality but was for OS. The SOFA score should be utilized in all patients with GI cancer upon ICU admission for prognostication. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Patients with cancer have a high use of health care utilization at the end of life, which can frequently involve admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU). Although there have been substantial increases in duration of survival for patients with advanced metastatic cancer, their mortality after an ICU admission remains high. GI malignancy is considered one of the top three lethal cancers estimated in 2017. Survival of critically ill patients with advanced GI cancer should be evaluated to help guide treatment planning.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 94(3): 438-445, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30549397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We compared the outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) by transcatheter (TAVR) and surgical (SAVR) routes with those of optimal medical management in patients with cancer and severe aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Cancer therapy requires optimal cardiac output; however, the treatment of AS in cancer patients is not established. METHODS: Cancer patients with severe AS during January 2009 through February 2018 at a large cancer center were identified. Demographic and clinical characteristics including previous or active cancer diagnosis, history of chest radiotherapy, AS treatment, and survival were collected. Univariate Cox proportional hazards regression, the Kaplan-Meier analysis, and log-rank tests were used to compare overall survival (OS) between AS treatment groups. RESULTS: Sixty-five cancer patients with severe AS were identified; 28 received optimal medical treatment alone, 30 received TAVR, and seven received SAVR. The patients were predominantly male (n = 44, 68%) with a mean age of 71.17 years. The median OS was 9.87 months, and the most common cause of death was cancer (n = 29, 94% of deaths). AVR was associated with a lower risk of death than no AVR (hazard ratio [HR] 0.38, P = 0.007), and patients who underwent TAVR (HR 0.36, P = 0.01) had better survival than those with no AVR. Malignancy type, stage, and treatment were not associated with OS. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with cancer and severe AS who underwent AVR, predominantly TAVR, experienced better survival than those who had no AVR regardless of cancer type or cancer treatment. TAVR may be considered in patients with cancer and AS.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Neoplasias/terapia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ann Surg ; 269(1): 120-126, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28549012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of RAS mutation status on the traditional clinical score (t-CS) to predict survival after resection of colorectal liver metastases (CLM). BACKGROUND: The t-CS relies on the following factors: primary tumor nodal status, disease-free interval, number and size of CLM, and carcinoembryonic antigen level. We hypothesized that the addition of RAS mutation status could create a modified clinical score (m-CS) that would outperform the t-CS. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection of CLM from 2005 through 2013 and had RAS mutation status and t-CS factors available were included. Multivariate analysis was used to identify prognostic factors to include in the m-CS. Log-rank survival analyses were used to compare the t-CS and the m-CS. The m-CS was validated in an international multicenter cohort of 608 patients. RESULTS: A total of 564 patients were eligible for analysis. RAS mutation was detected in 205 (36.3%) of patients. On multivariate analysis, RAS mutation was associated with poor overall survival, as were positive primary tumor lymph node status and diameter of the largest liver metastasis >50 mm. Each factor was assigned 1 point to produce a m-CS. The m-CS accurately stratified patients by overall and recurrence-free survival in both the initial patient series and validation cohort, whereas the t-CS did not. CONCLUSIONS: Modifying the t-CS by replacing disease-free interval, number of metastases, and CEA level with RAS mutation status produced an m-CS that outperformed the t-CS. The m-CS is therefore a simple validated tool that predicts survival after resection of CLM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Mutação , Pontuação de Propensão , Proteínas ras/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Proteínas ras/metabolismo
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