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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159530, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270378

RESUMO

The prevalence of carcinogenic N-nitrosamines in drinking water is of significant concern. In the present study, eight N-nitrosamines from three representative drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) in Shanghai, China were monitored for an entire year to evaluate their seasonal variability, probabilistic cancer risk and the resulting disease burden. The possibility of employing routinely monitored water quality parameters as predictors of N-nitrosamines was also examined. The results showed that the Taipu River-fed reservoir suffered more serious N-nitrosamine contamination than the Yangtze River-fed reservoirs. Winter witnessed higher levels of N-nitrosamines in both source and finished water. N-nitrosamine concentrations increased from source water to finished water in autumn or winter, but no spatial variations were observed in summer. The total lifetime cancer risk (LCR) posed by N-nitrosamines in finished water was within the acceptable range (1.00 × 10-6 to 1.00 × 10-4), with N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) being the main contributors. Winter and autumn were found to have higher total LCR values. The average individual disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost was 4.43 × 10-6 per person-year (ppy), exceeding the reference risk level (1.00 × 10-6 ppy). Liver cancer accounted for 97.1 % of the total disease burden, while bladder and esophagus cancers made a little contribution (2.9 %). A multiple regression model was developed to estimate the total N-nitrosamines in finished water as a function of water quality parameters, and the R2 value was 0.735. This study not only provides fundamental data for public health policy development, but also reveals the necessity to incorporate a seasonal control strategy in DWTPs to minimize the associated health risks induced by N-nitrosamines.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Neoplasias , Nitrosaminas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Estações do Ano , China , Nitrosaminas/análise , Neoplasias/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias/epidemiologia
2.
Sports Med ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isotonic exercise is the most common mode of strength training. Isotonic strength is often measured in the movement that was exercised, but isometric and isokinetic movements are also commonly used to quantify changes in muscular strength. Previous research suggests that increasing strength in one movement may not lead to an increase in strength in a different movement. Quantifying the increase in strength in a movement not trained may be important for understanding strength training adaptations and making recommendations for resistance exercise and rehabilitation programs. OBJECTIVE: To quantify changes in non-specific strength relative to a control. DESIGN: A systematic review and random effects meta-analysis was conducted investigating the effects of isotonic strength training on isotonic and isokinetic/isometric strength. SEARCH AND INCLUSION: This systematic review was conducted in Google scholar, PubMed, Academic Search Premier, and MENDELEY. To be included in this review paper the article needed to meet the following criteria: (1) report sufficient data for our variables of interest (i.e., changes in isotonic strength and changes in isokinetic or isometric strength); (2) include a time-matched non-exercise control; (3) be written in English; (4) include healthy human participants over the age of 18 years; (5) the participants had to train and test isotonically; (6) the participants had to be tested isokinetically or isometrically on a device different from that they trained on; (7) the non-specific strength task had to test a muscle involved in the training (i.e., could not have trained chest press and test handgrip strength); and (8) the control group and the experimental group had to perform the same number of strength tests. RESULTS: We completed two separate searches. In the original search a total of 880 papers were screened and nine papers met the inclusion criteria. In the secondary search a total of 2594 papers were screened and three additional papers were added (total of 12 studies). The overall effect of resistance training on changes in strength within a movement that was not directly trained was 0.8 (Cohen's d) with a standard error of 0.286. This overall effect was significant (t = 2.821, p = 0.01) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) is 0.22-1.4. The overall effect of resistance training on strength changes within a movement that was directly trained was 1.84 (Cohen's d) with a standard error of 0.296. This overall effect was significant (t = 6.221, p < 0.001) and the 95% CI is 1.23-2.4. CONCLUSION: The results of our meta-analysis suggest that strength increases in both the specific and non-specific strength tests. However, the smaller effect size associated with non-specific strength suggests that it will be difficult for a single study to meaningfully investigate the transfer of strength training adaptions.

3.
Liver Int ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent study reported a correlation between the muscle mass of male donors and graft failure in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. We investigated the association of sex-specific donor skeletal muscle index (SMI) with mortality and graft failure in LDLT recipients. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 2750 sets of donors and recipients between January 2008 and January 2018. The recipient outcomes were analysed by dividing the data according to donor sex. Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between donor SMI by sex and 1-year mortality and graft failure in recipients. RESULTS: In the male donor group, robust donor (increased SMI) was significantly associated with higher risks for mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.06, p = .023) and graft failure (HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.01-1.06, p = .007) at 1 year. In the female donor group, the robust donor was significantly associated with lower risks for mortality (HR: 0.92, 95% CI: 0.87-0.97, p = .003) and graft failure (HR: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.90-1.00, p = .032) at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Donor SMI was associated with surgical outcomes in recipients. Robust male and female donors were a significant negative and protective factor for grafts respectively.

4.
Allergy Asthma Immunol Res ; 14(6): 752-759, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36426402

RESUMO

Although effort required to complete spirometry is known to differ by age, no studies have addressed this issue. The present study aimed to identify the difference in the effort required to complete spirometry by age in children and adolescents. Data from 707 children (mean age, 10.2 years; range, 4-25 years) from 6 medical centers were analyzed. In addition to demographics, we obtained information on the time required for as well as the number of demonstrations and spirometry demonstrations and trials from the patients' electronic medical records. A total of 398 (56.3%) male participants were included, and 300 (42.4%) participants had no prior experience receiving spirometry. The mean time required for spirometry demonstration was 2.7 minutes (standard deviation [SD], 2.1 minutes), whereas that for spirometry trial was 5.9 minutes (SD, 5.1 minutes). The total mean time required for spirometry was 8.6 minutes (SD, 6.5 minutes). Significant negative associations were observed between age and effort required to complete spirometry with respect to the time and number of demonstrations and trials. The results of the present study suggest that age may affect the degree of effort required to complete spirometry, with a pattern of increasing effort with decreasing age. This finding provides important evidence for the establishment of health care policies especially regarding lung diseases that can benefit from spirometry.

5.
J Strength Cond Res ; 36(12): 3359-3365, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417357

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Bell, ZW, Spitz, RW, Wong, V, Yamada, Y, Song, JS, Abe, T, and Loenneke, JP. Can individuals be taught to sense the degree of vascular occlusion? A comparison of methods and implications for practical blood flow restriction. J Strength Cond Res 36(12): 3359-3365, 2022-The study objective was to determine whether subjects could be conditioned to a relative blood flow restriction pressure in the lower body and compare 2 separate conditioning methods (unconstrained vs. constrained). Thirty-five subjects completed 4 visits, involving measurements for arterial occlusion and pressure estimations at 5 minutes and 24 hours after conditioning. The constrained method involved applying 40% of measured arterial occlusion 11 times, along with 10% above and below this pressure. The unconstrained method was time-matched, involving a series of inflations to 40% arterial occlusion for 12 seconds and then deflated for 22 seconds. Data are presented as mean differences (95% credible interval) unless otherwise noted. The absolute error between conditioning methods was found to be similar at 5 minutes (-1.1 [-5.9, 3.7] mm Hg) and 24 hours (-2.4 [-7, 2.2] mm Hg) after conditioning. The constant error differed between methods at 5 minutes [-8.2 (-14.4, -1.9) mm Hg] but was similar at 24 hours (-2.5 [-8.5, 3.6] mm Hg; H0: 0.680; H1: 0.068; and H2: 0.252) after conditioning. The bias and 95% limits of agreement for the unconstrained method were -3.9 (-33.8, 25.9) mm Hg at 5 minutes and -2.9 (-32, 26.1) mm Hg at 24 hours. The agreement for the constrained method was 4.2 (-28, 36.5) mm Hg at 5 minutes and -0.54 (-37.3, 36.2) mm Hg at 24 hours. Conditioning methods produced similar levels of absolute error, indicating that either method may offer a viable means of pressure application. Most estimates were between 20 and 60% of arterial occlusion pressure. Additional conditioning sessions may be needed to narrow this range at the individual level.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia
6.
Radiother Oncol ; 177: 185-190, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375560

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Whether cervical lymph node necrosis (CNN) is an independent adverse prognostic factor in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has not been determined. In this study, the CNN ratio was graded quantitatively to explore the prognostic value in NPC. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a total of 648 pathologically confirmed as NPC. We outlined metastatic lymph nodes and necrotic area of lymph nodes slice by slice on the magneticresonanceimages (MRI) cross section, and calculated the corresponding CNN ratio. RESULTS: The median CNN ratio (17.37 %) was taken as the cut-off point, 256 (39.51 %) patients were divided into CNN1 group (<17.37 %, n = 128) and CNN2 group (≥17.37 %, n = 128), 392 (60.49 %) patients without lymph nodes necrosis were CNN0. Among the CNN0, CNN1 and CNN2 groups, five-year overall survival (OS) was 82.4 %, 76.6 % and 71.1 %, locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS) was 91.3 %, 91.1 % and 90.5 %, distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) was 83.7 %, 78.5 % and 68.7 %, progression-free survival (PFS) was 78.3 %, 71.7 % and 61.6 % respectively. By multivariate analysis, CNN was an independent prognostic factor for OS (P = 0.003), DMFS (P = 0.019) and PFS (P = 0.007). More than 3 cycles of chemotherapy significantly increased OS (P = 0.024) and DMFS (P = 0.015) in the CNN1 group. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that CNN is one of the factors with the negative prognosis of NPC. The CNN ratio might be used as one of the reference factors in the formulation of individualized treatment plan.

8.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1035386, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425784

RESUMO

Dysfunction of the mucus layer allows commensal and pathogenic microorganisms to reach the intestinal epithelium, thereby leading to infection and inflammation. This barrier is synthesized and secreted by host goblet cells. Many factors that influence the function of goblet cells (GCs) have been studied. However, how the microenvironment surrounding GCs influences the mucus layer and microbiota of the colon is unclear. To explore the effect of GC Piezo1 on the mucus layer and microbiota in the colon, we generated an intestinal epithelial Piezo1 conditional knockout mouse model. The fecal-associated microbiota (FAM) and mucosa-associated microbiota (MAM) of the two groups were characterized based on amplicon sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Our results showed that GC Piezo1-/- mice developed decreased GC numbers, thinner mucus layer, and increased inflammatory cytokines (e.g., CXCL1, CXCL2, IL-6) on the 7th day. In addition, decreased Spdef and increased DOCK4 were discovered in KO mice. Meanwhile, the diversity and richness were increased in MAM and decreased in FAM in the GC Piezo1-/- group compared with the GC Piezo1+/+ group. We also observed increased abundances of Firmicutes and decreased abundances of Verrucomicrobiota and Actinobacteriota in the MAM of the GC Piezo1-/- group. Additionally, BugBase predicts that potentially pathogenic bacteria may have increased in the inner mucus layer, which is consistent with the higher abundance of Helicobacter hepaticus, Lactobacillus johnsonii, Escherichia-Shigella and Oscillospiraceae in MAM. These results further support the hypothesis that the role of Piezo1 in GCs is important for maintaining the function of the mucus layer and intestinal microbiota balance in the mouse colon.

9.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(22)2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433105

RESUMO

Reinforced concrete (RC) structures with non-seismic reinforcement details are vulnerable to earthquakes. This experimental study evaluates the efficiency of three techniques to alleviate the dynamic responses of existing structures: glass fiber-reinforced polyurea (GFRPU) reinforcement, a lever-typed tuned mass damper (LTMD) system, and a hybrid system of GFRPU and LTMD reinforcements. The lateral-resisting capacity and ductility of the GFRPU reinforcement specimen were enhanced by the material characteristics, and the dynamic responses were alleviated. The LTMD control specimen controlled the dynamic responses by the passive control system of the tuned mass damper (TMD), and the control forces to sustain its geometric motion were exerted on the specimen. The hybrid system was designed to control the dynamic responses by the GFRPU reinforcement and the LTMD control system. Four specimens, including an unreinforced specimen, were tested under external excitations, including the El Centro earthquake. The vibrations were more controlled in the order of the GFRPU reinforcement specimen, the LTMD control specimen, and the hybrid control specimen. The hybrid system was evaluated as excellent for seismic reinforcement, such as preventing abrupt failure with the lateral-resisting capacity and ductility of GFRPU and improving the dynamic control capacity by LTMD.

10.
Front Chem ; 10: 1048437, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339040

RESUMO

The construction of van der Waals heterostructures offers effective boosting of the photocatalytic performance of two-dimensional materials. In this study, which uses the first-principles method, the electronic and absorptive properties of an emerging ZnO/C2N heterostructure are systematically explored to determine the structure's photocatalytic potential. The results demonstrate that ZnO and C2N form a type-II band alignment heterostructure with a reduced band gap, and hence superior absorption in the visible region. Furthermore, the band edge positions of a ZnO/C2N heterostructure meet the requirements for spontaneous water splitting. The ZnO/C2N heterostructure is known to possess considerably improved carrier mobility, which is advantageous in the separation and migration of carriers. The Gibbs free energy calculation confirms the high catalytic activity of the ZnO/C2N heterostructure for water-splitting reactions. All the aforementioned properties, including band gap, band edge positions, and optical absorption, can be directly tuned using biaxial lateral strain. A suitable band gap, decent band edge positions, high catalytic activity, and superior carrier mobility thus identify a ZnO/C2N heterostructure as a prominent potential photocatalyst for water splitting.

11.
ACS Nano ; 16(1): 1142-1149, 2022 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350100

RESUMO

Heterogenization of homogeneous catalysis through supported single-atom catalysts (SACs) provided a feasible solution to recycling catalysts while keeping its efficiency in chemical synthesis. In this work, Cu SACs anchored on N-doped graphene (Cu SACs/NG) were prepared and first used for C-N coupling reactions. During the preparation, Cu-N-C structures, including Cu-N4 moieties, were formed in a one-step pyrolysis method. As-prepared Cu SACs/NG exhibited excellent catalytic activity toward C-N coupling reactions with a broad scope of substrates and showed outstanding performance of recycling. Compared with Cu nanoparticles (Cu NPs/NG), the advantages of single-atom catalysts were validated via experimental and theoretical calculations. The enhanced performances were attributed to increasing the number of active sites and increasing the intrinsic activity of each active site. This work provides an alternative synthetic strategy for fabricating atomically dispersed SACs and represents a significant advance for coupling reactions.

12.
Anesth Pain Med (Seoul) ; 17(4): 420-428, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the importance of the inflammatory status of recipients on outcomes following liver transplantation (LT), we investigated the association between C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) and one-year mortality following LT and compared it with other parameters reflecting patients' underlying inflammatory status. METHODS: A total of 3,614 consecutive adult LT recipients were retrospectively evaluated. Prognostic parameters were analyzed using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) analysis, and subsequent cutoffs were derived. For survival analysis, Cox proportional hazards and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed. RESULTS: The AUROC for CAR to predict one-year mortality after LT was 0.68 (0.65-0.72), which was the highest compared with other inflammatory parameters, with the best cutoff of 0.34. A CAR ≥ 0.34 was associated with a significantly higher one-year mortality rate (13.3% vs. 5.8 %, log-rank P < 0.001) and overall mortality rate (24.5% vs. 12.9%, log-rank P = 0.039). A CAR ≥ 0.34 was an independent predictor of one-year mortality (hazard ratio, 1.40 [1.03-1.90], P = 0.031) and overall mortality (hazard ratio 1.39 [1.13-1.71], P = 0.002) after multivariable adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative CAR (≥ 0.34) was independently associated with a higher risk of one-year and overall mortality after LT. This may suggest that CAR, a simple and readily available biomarker, maybe a practical index that may assist in the risk stratification of liver transplantation outcomes.

13.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 286: 121934, 2022 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242836

RESUMO

In this paper, alkali ion (Li+ Na+ K+ and Rb+)-doped Y2O3:Yb3+/Ho3+ up conversion films were prepared using the sol-gel method. The structures of the films were studied by using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. A series of high-quality thin films with good crystallization were prepared. For all samples, two emission bands were observed: green emission at 539 (550) nm and red emission at 664 nm, which can be attributed to 5F4 (5S2)→5I7 and 5F5→5I8, respectively. The green emission is dominant, and the red emission is extremely weak. The effect of each alkali-ion dopant on the emission and color adjustment of samples was investigated. The green emission intensity is increased by a factor of 6.33 (Li), 2.03 (Na), 4.82 (K) and 1.92 (Rb) with increasing alkali-ion doping concentration, and red emission is increased by a factor of 7.80 (Li), 1.92 (Na), 4.78 (K) and 1.90 (Rb). The extreme value appears earlier with increasing ion radius. Li+ doping boosts luminescence in three ways, and the other alkali ions affect the light emission in two ways. Li+ doping and K+ doping can be used to adjust the color coordinates towards the 539 nm and 550 nm directions, respectively. Na+ and Rb+ doping can enhance emission with a stable color. This means that each alkali ion is a suitable choice as a color-regulating ion and can play a role in the regulation of luminescence.

14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(42): e2207326119, 2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36215478

RESUMO

Electrochemical conversion of CO2 into formate is a promising strategy for mitigating the energy and environmental crisis, but simultaneously achieving high selectivity and activity of electrocatalysts remains challenging. Here, we report low-dimensional SnO2 quantum dots chemically coupled with ultrathin Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets (SnO2/MXene) that boost the CO2 conversion. The coupling structure is well visualized and verified by high-resolution electron tomography together with nanoscale scanning transmission X-ray microscopy and ptychography imaging. The catalyst achieves a large partial current density of -57.8 mA cm-2 and high Faradaic efficiency of 94% for formate formation. Additionally, the SnO2/MXene cathode shows excellent Zn-CO2 battery performance, with a maximum power density of 4.28 mW cm-2, an open-circuit voltage of 0.83 V, and superior rechargeability of 60 h. In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy analysis and first-principles calculations reveal that this remarkable performance is attributed to the unique and stable structure of the SnO2/MXene, which can significantly reduce the reaction energy of CO2 hydrogenation to formate by increasing the surface coverage of adsorbed hydrogen.

15.
Opt Lett ; 47(19): 5096-5099, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181195

RESUMO

A fast and practical computational cross-calibration of multiple spectrometers is described. A signal correlation matrix (CM) can be constructed from paired B-scans in a multiple-spectrometer optical coherence tomography (OCT), where the wavelength-corresponding pixels are indicated by high cross correlation. The CM can be used to either guide the physical alignment of spectrometers or to numerically match the spectra in the post-process. The performance is comparable to the previously reported optimization approach, as demonstrated by the mirror tests, qualitative comparison of OCT and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images, and quantitative comparison of image metrics.


Assuntos
Angiografia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Calibragem , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Refratometria , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
16.
Front Oncol ; 12: 951452, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185235

RESUMO

Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is a prevalent malignant tumor that severely threatens human health across the globe. Immunotherapy is an essential need for patients with COAD. N7-methylguanosine (m7G) has been associated with human diseases, and non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate various tumor-related biological processes. Nonetheless, the m7G-related lncRNAs involved in COAD regulation are limited. This study aims to construct the clustering features and prognostic model of m7G-related lncRNAs in COAD. First, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to identify m7G-related differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs), based on which COAD cases could be classified into two subtypes. Subsequently, univariate Cox analysis was used to identify 9 prognostic m7G-related lncRNAs. Further, Five candidates were screened by LASSO-Cox regression to develop new models. The patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the median risk score. Consequently, the Kaplan-Meier survival curve demonstrated a statistically significant overall survival (OS) between the high- and low-risk groups (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that risk score is an independent prognostic factor in COAD patients (P<0.001). This confirms the clinical applicability of the model. Additionally, we performed Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), which uncovered the biological and functional differences between risk subgroups, i.e., enrichment of immune-related diseases in the high-risk group and enrichment of metabolic-related pathways in the low-risk group. In a drug sensitivity analysis, high-risk group were more sensitive to some chemotherapeutics and targeted drugs than low-risk group. Eventually, the stability of the model was confirmed by qRT-PCR. Our study unraveled the features of different immune states of COAD and established a prognostic model, including five m7G-related lncRNAs for COAD patients. These results will bolster clinical treatment and survival prediction of COAD.

17.
Front Neurol ; 13: 959919, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36212666

RESUMO

Median nerve damage caused by trauma is rare, especially after the massage therapy. There have been no reports of median neuropathy in the distal forearm following massage therapy. A 61-year-old man developed paresthesia and numbness in the right hand after two sessions of massage therapy. Electrophysiologic studies, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging were used to localize and confirm the median nerve lesion in the distal forearm. Ultrasound-guided perineural steroid injection and oral pregabalin were administered. At the 1-month follow-up, more than 80% of the sensory symptoms had resolved, and the results of the sensory nerve conduction study and ultrasound showed improvement. Although massage-induced mononeuropathy is uncommon, massage therapy should be performed carefully to avoid complications.

18.
Oncol Lett ; 24(5): 388, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276499

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the potential mechanisms of long noncoding (lnc) RNA Just proximal to X-inactive specific transcript (JPX) in interleukin (IL)-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes. Human C28/I2 chondrocytes were treated with IL-1ß to simulate osteoarthritic (OA) injury. The expression levels of JPX, microRNA (miRNA/miR)-25-3p, and peptidylprolyl isomerase D (PPID) were measured using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR or western blotting. The IL-1ß-stimulated injury was assessed using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, flow cytometry, and western blot analysis. The targeted relationship between miR-25-3p, JPX, and PPID was verified using a dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. The results showed that JPX expression was upregulated in OA patients and IL-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes. JPX knockdown enhanced cell viability and suppressed apoptosis of IL-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes. miR-25-3p inhibition rescued the inhibitory effect of JPX knockdown on IL-1ß-stimulated injury. PPID overexpression eliminated the effects of JPX knockdown on IL-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes. In conclusion, JPX knockdown increased cell viability and reduced apoptosis in IL-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes, and this involved modulation of a miR-25-3p/PPID axis.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36229696

RESUMO

PURPOSES: This study aimed to describe a new localization technique developed using an anchor with a scaled suture (AWSS) system and to characterize the localization results and post-operative outcomes to evaluate its safety and effectiveness. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at our centre from October 2020 to December 2021. In total, 328 small pulmonary nodules (sPNs) who underwent pre-operative computed tomography (CT)-guided AWSS system localization followed by wedge resection by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: CT-guided AWSS system implantations targeting 328 sPNs were successfully performed. The time spent performing localization was 12.4 ± 4.9 min. After puncture localization, the incidences of pneumothorax, pulmonary haemorrhage, and chest pain were 19.2% (63/328), 25.9% (85/328), and 0.9% (3/328), respectively. The incidence of overall complications was 42.7%. According to the CIRSE classification, there were no major complications. The median localization-VATS interval time was 7 h (range, 1-75 h). In 328 cases (100%), the location of the lesion was determined by palpation of the four-paw anchor in the lung and was successfully resected by VATS, and the correct diagnosis was obtained. CONCLUSION: In this series, CT-guided pre-operative localization of pulmonary nodules with the AWSS system was safe and had a high positioning accuracy and success rate.

20.
Toxicology ; 481: 153354, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265525

RESUMO

Melatonin (MLT) was reported to have therapeutic effects on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) due to its anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. However, whether the beneficial effects of melatonin on colitis are through altering the immune response of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) has not been well characterized. Here, we propose that MLT alleviates dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice through its regulation of the immune response of BMDCs, in which some lncRNA, circRNA, miRNA, and mRNA may be involved. We at first established a DSS-induced colitis mouse model and found that the concentration of MLT in the serum of DSS-induced colitis mice was significantly lower than that in the control mice. Supplementation with MLT alleviated DSS-induced colitis in mice, which was reflected by preventing mouse body weight loss, colon length shortening, inflammation, and epithelial tissue destruction and abscission in the colon. We then isolated and cultured BMDCs and found that MLT could inhibit the activation of BMDCs from the colitis mice, which was reflected by reducing the phagocytotic ability of the cells, inhibiting their migration, and decreasing their secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. RNA sequencing results showed that MLT promoted the transformation of BMDCs into immune tolerant phenotypes in DSS-induced colitis mice through affecting non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). Among them, lncRNA ENSMUST00000226323, circRNA-0520, and circRNA-2243 were predicted to interact with miRNA-709, and mRNAs of Ywhaz and Ccl9 were the targets of miRNA-709, all of which were involved in MLT-induced alteration of BMDCs functions in DSS-induced colitis mice via PI3K-Akt pathway. Our findings may provide some clues for understanding MLT inhibiting inflammatory response in DSS-induced colitis, which may be through alteration of BMDCs function.


Assuntos
Colite , Melatonina , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Camundongos , Animais , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Sulfato de Dextrana/metabolismo , Melatonina/farmacologia , Melatonina/uso terapêutico , RNA-Seq , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Circular , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colo/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
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