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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(2): 118-122, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135611

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the long-term outcomes in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent early or late delayed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DES). Methods: This study was a retrospective, observational and single-center study. Consecutive STEMI patients (n=977), who admitted to Fuwai Hospital in 2013 and underwent successful selective PCI using drug-eluting stents (DES) within 3 to 35 days after symptom onset were enrolled and divided into the early delayed PCI (3-14 d) group (n=495) and the late delayed PCI (15-35 d) group (n=482). General clinical data of the patients and related data of coronary angiography and interventional therapy were collected, and the endpoint events were followed up. The primary endpoint was 2-year major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) including cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, definite or probable stent thrombosis and ischemic stroke. The secondary endpoint was 2-year ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization. The incidence of endpoint events of the two groups was compared, and it was compared again after the primary baseline characteristics such as age and gender were matched by the propensity scoring method at a 1∶1 ratio. Results: A total of 910 (93.1%) patients who underwent delayed PCI were transferred from other hospitals, and 292 (29.9%) patients received thrombolysis before PCI. The time interval before PCI was 14 (10, 20) days. The incidence of 2-year MACCE (3.0%(15/495) vs. 2.3%(11/482), P=0.468) and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization (3.8%(19/495) vs. 5.0%(24/482), P=0.385) were similar between the two groups. The incidence of 2-year MACCE (3.3%(15/453 vs. 2.4%(11/453), P=0.426) and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization (4.2% (19/453) vs. 4.9%(22/453), P=0.632) were also similar between the two groups after matching propensity score. Conclusion: The long-term clinical outcomes after early delayed PCI using DES is statistically equivalent to those of late delayed PCI using DES for STEMI patients who missed the time window for emergency PCI.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(2): 123-129, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135612

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes. Results: The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: ß=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: ß=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05). Conclusion: In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Plant Mol Biol ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152894

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A novel QTL (qSCN-PL10) for SCN resistance and related candidate genes were identified in the soybean variety Pingliang xiaoheidou, and plant basal immunity seems to contribute to the SCN resistance. Soybean cyst nematode (SCN, Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) is one of the most devastating soybean pests worldwide. The development of host plant resistance represents an effective strategy to control SCN. However, owing to the lack of diversity of resistance genes in soybean varieties, further investigation is necessary to identify new SCN resistance genes. By analyzing the resistance phenotypes of soybean variety Pingliang xiaoheidou (Pingliang, ZDD 11047), we found that it exhibited the different resistance phenotypes from PI 88788 and Peking varieties. Because Pingliang variety contains the Rhg1-a (low copy) haplotype and lacks the resistant Rhg4 haplotype, novel quantitative trait locus might account for their SCN resistance. After sequencing parental lines (Magellan and Pingliang) and 200 F2:3 progenies, a high-density genetic map was constructed using the specific length amplified fragment sequencing method and qSCN-PL10 was identified as a novel locus for SCN resistance. Candidate genes were predicted by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) in the qSCN-PL10 locus region. The RNA-seq analysis performed also indicated that plant basal immunity plays an important role in the resistance of Pingliang to SCN. These results lay a foundation for the use of marker-assisted breeding to enhance the resistance to SCN.

4.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E035, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153167

RESUMO

Novel coronavirus pneumonia was novel coronavirus infection that has dominated pulmonary infection since December 2019. The main manifestations were fever, dry cough, shortness of breath, normal or leukopenia in peripheral blood and changes in chest CT and in severe cases, multiple organ failure might occur. The National Health Commission, PRC has revised the consensus on diagnosis and treatment seven times in a short period of time, indicating the growing understanding of the disease. Patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia usually had history of travelling or living in the epidemic area including Wuhan within 14 days before onset, or have been exposed to patients who had fever or respiratory symptoms from the epidemic area, or had clustering diseases. However, novel coronavirus pneumonia was becoming more and more blurred after vanishing epidemic. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of novel coronavirus pneumonia was facing challenges not only because of large number of tourists increasing dramatically after the relieving of epidemic, but also patients with other diseases return from different areas to search for medical care. In this article, the clinical and chest imaging features of the novel coronavirus pneumonia were reviewed and compared with other infections and non-infectious diffuse pulmonary diseases. We were trying to find the similarities and differences among them, and to identify clues to the diagnosis of novel coronavirus pneumonia, so as to ensure accurate diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Hum Reprod ; 35(2): 446-452, 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020190

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: What is the current status of assisted reproductive technology (ART) service availability, efficacy and safety in mainland China? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this first national report on ART status in mainland China, data on treatment numbers, outcomes and complications in 2016 are provided and analyzed, respectively. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: National ART Service Provision Surveys are conducted in mainland China regularly. Data were analyzed, and this manuscript was written by team members from the National Center for Women and Children's Health, China CDC and the Department of Women and Children Health, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE AND DURATION: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was completed in 2018, in which data regarding ART treatments, performed from 1st January to 31st December2016 in 445 ART clinics located in 31 provinces of mainland China, were collected. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING AND METHODS: There were in total 451 licensed ART clinics (including artificial insemination clinics) in mainland China in 2016, of which 445 submitted service data. A total of 906 840 cycles were provided by 323 in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics, involving 375 770 conventional IVF cycles, 154 948 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, 367 146 frozen embryo transfer (FET) thawing cycles and 8976 preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) treatment cycles. A total of 161 376 artificial (i.e. intrauterine) insemination (AI) cycles were reported by 443 clinics, with 126 872 cycles using the husband's semen (AIH) and 34 504 using donor semen (AID). MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: In total, 98.7% of the licensed clinics, contributing to 100% of the ART services (including AID and AIH cycles), were included in this report. (Six clinics provided institutional information only and were excluded.) There were 906 840 in vitro fertilization cycles performed in mainland China with a population of over 1.3 billion inhabitants, with cycles per million inhabitants (C/M) increasing from 360 in 2013 to 657 in 2016, nationwide (range among provinces: 45-3676). After treatment with conventional IVF, the clinical pregnancy rate (PR) per oocyte retrieval cycle was 23.2%, the delivery rate (DR) per oocyte retrieval cycle was 18.7% and the proportion of twin delivery among the total deliveries was 27.9%. For ICSI cycles, the PR, DR and TDR were 20.5%, 16.7% and 27.2%, respectively. For FET per thawing cycles, the PR, DR and TDR were 48.2%, 37.6% and 24.2%. For PGD per diagnosis cycles, the PR, DR and TDR were 38.1%, 29.7% and 4.2%. For AIH cycles, the PR and DR were 13.3% and 10.5%; for AID cycles, the PR and DR were 24.3% and 21.1%, respectively. The total number of live infants born in mainland China in 2016, was 18.46 million, and the number of infants born through ART conducted in 2016 was 311 309, which accounted for 1.69% of the total. The reported rate of birth defects was about 87/10 000. The incidence of moderate to severe ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS) was 11.5 per 1000 oocyte retrieval cycles, and other complications were much more rare. LIMITATIONS AND REASONS FOR CAUTION: This report is based on the summary data of ART services provided. The success rates were not calculated by age stratification. A low rate of birth defects was reported, which might be confounded by variations in birth follow-up methods, statistical timing and record taking. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: ART service availability has improved significantly in recent years in mainland China. Because China is a vast country, significant imbalances in ART service provision do exist; however, the main efficacy and safety indicators were close to those of western countries. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): The study was funded by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC1000307-2). There are no competing interests.

7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(2): 213-218, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074713

RESUMO

Aniline is one of the important chemical raw materials in daily life and the chemical industry. Aniline exposure might occur through intact skin, respiratory tract and digestive tract. It could pose negative impacts on many organs and systems of the human body, including toxicity or carcinogenicity to blood, liver, and spleen. This paper summarized the direct effects of aniline on human health and the indirect hazards of aniline on human health through environmental pollution and discussed the future research directions of aniline-induced health hazards.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/efeitos adversos , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Humanos
8.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(2): 122-128, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074723

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and radiological features of benign fibro-osseous lesion (BFOL). Methods: Sixty-five cases of craniofacial BFOL, eight cases of peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) and one case of low-grade central osteosarcoma diagnosed at Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital between January 2010 and March 2019 were collected. The clinicopathologic features, hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and radiographic features were analyzed. MDM2 gene amplification was detected by FISH in difficult borderline cases. Results: This cohort of BFOLs included 50 cases of fibrous dysplasia (FD), 12 cases of ossifying fibroma (OF), and three cases of juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma (JPOF). The average ages of patients with FD,OF and JPOF were 31.7, 39.2 and 26.0 years respectively. The male to female ratio was 1.0∶1.8.The average age of POF was 47.0 years, with male to female ratio of 1∶7. Patient of low-grade central osteosarcoma was a 48-year-old man. Twenty-seven cases of FD were located in the jaw, and 23 cases were in other craniofacial bones. Nine cases of OF were located in the jaw, and three cases were in the nasal cavity. Two cases of JPOF were in the nasal sinus, and one was in the jaw. All POF were located in the gingiva, and low-grade central osteosarcoma was located in the mandible. The imaging features of FD were luffa-like or ground-glass like signal shadows with poorly defined borders with expansion. OF had clear borders or sclerosing margins. Both JOF and low-grade central osteosarcoma were expansile intraosseously and with focally invasive nodular masses with ground-glass like signal shadows; and POF showed soft tissue mass with bone formation. Histological features of BFOLs showed mixed fibrous and irregular osteoid lesions. FD had no clear relationship with the host bone and no osteoblasts surrounded the bone trabeculae. Osteoblasts rimming was found in OF, and the boundaries of the host bone were clear. JPOF and low-grade central osteosarcoma infiltrated the host bone focally, and the latter showed mild cellular atypia. MDM2 amplification was detected in low-grade central osteosarcoma. Conclusions: BFOLs are a group of fibro-osseous lesions with similar morphology in the head and neck and face, but their clinical features and prognosis are different; and their imaging and histological characteristics are also slightly different. Attentions should be given to the combination of clinical, imaging and pathologic features of BFOLs, especially the differential diagnosis between BFOLs and low-grade central osteosarcoma. Molecular detection could be used to assist the diagnosis in difficult cases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Fibroma Ossificante , Osteossarcoma , Osso e Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 92-98, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914575

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 early genes E2 and E6 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) E2 and their interaction effects in the progression of the cervical cancer. Methods: Women with normal cervix (NC), low cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅰ) and high cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ) from the cervical lesions cohort in Jiexiu County of Shanxi Province from June 2014 to September 2014, and patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated at the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University in the same period were enrolled in this study. There were 257 participants, about 67 NC cases (26.07%), 69 CIN Ⅰ cases (26.85%), 68 CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ cases (26.46%), and 53 SCC cases (20.62%), respectively. The information of demographic characteristics, life health habits and cervical lesions were collected by using the structured questionnaire. Cervical exfoliated cells and cervical biopsy tissues were collected to detect the infection of HPV16 and the protein expression levels of hnRNP E2, HPV16 E2 and E6. According to the median-value of the protein expression levels of hnRNP E2, HPV16 E2 and E6 and E2/E6 ratio in the NC group, the study participants were divided into the high and low expression groups/ratio groups. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation between HPV16 early gene E2 and E6, hnRNP E2 and cervical cancer. The interaction effect was analyzed by using the generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) model. Results: The ages of NC, CIN Ⅰ, CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC groups were (47.00±9.07), (47.64±7.35), (46.37±8.67) and (51.26±8.03) years old, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that the HPV16 E2 low expression, E6 high expression and E2/E6 low ratio could increase the risk of CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ, about OR (95%CI) values 11.11 (1.63-75.56), 8.00 (1.28-50.04), and 9.75 (1.22-77.72), respectively and SCC, about OR (95%CI) values 14.22 (2.11-95.88), 10.33 (1.67-64.00), and 12.38 (1.56-97.91), respectively. The hnRNP E2 low expression could increase the risk of CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC, about OR (95%CI) values 3.35 (1.39-8.10) and 5.53 (1.54-19.88). The result of GMDR showed that there were interaction effects of the hnRNP E2 low expression, HPV16 E2 low expression and HPV16 E6 high expression in both CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC groups. Conclusion: The HPV16 E2 low expression, HPV16 E6 high expression and hnRNP E2 low expression could increase the risk of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer, and they might have an important interaction effect in the progression of the cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
10.
Curr Microbiol ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938806

RESUMO

Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (S. chinensis), an edible traditional medicine herb, has a strong constitution, which extract has good antibacterial activity. The study investigated its antibacterial properties on E. coli, to find a candidate for the development as new preservative. In vitro antibacterial assay showed that S. chinensis extract (SCE) effectively inhibited the growth of test bacteria with MBC of 18 mg/mL. In model cosmetic system of O/W emulsions, SCE possessed a great antibacterial capacity. The growth curves of E. coli treated with SCE exhibited an extended lag phase and restricted log phase. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the treated E. coli cells exhibited wrinkled and withered surfaces, and disappearing outmost layer, suggesting S. chinensis extract can damage S. aureus cell member and wall, in addition, the leakage of periplasm enzyme AKPase and the increased activities of Na+/K+-ATPase and Ca++-ATPase in cell membrane were also consistent with the microscopy results. Moreover, the S. chinensis extract can decrease the activities of dehydrogenase and total ATPase and the content of intracellular proteins, and bind with S. aureus DNA by electrostatic and groove binding. The results indicated that SCE might be a candidate cosmetic preservative for its good antibacterial activity and multiple targets on E. coli.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(40): 3126-3131, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694102

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of frailty in the elderly male patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the effects of renal function on the incidence of frailty. Methods: A total of 105 non-dialysis CKD patients aged ≥65 years who were admitted to the Chinese PLA General Hospital between October 1, 2018 and January 30, 2019 were included in this study. Their clinical data and laboratory indicators were collected. Frailty was defined according to Fried frailty criteria. According to the frailty scores, the participants were categorized as non-frail (n=37), intermediately frail (n=37) and frail (n=31). The association of frailty and the level of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the patients was analyzed using the model of multivariate Logistic regression. Results: Among the 105 patients, the mean age was 74 (68, 77) years old. The incidence of frail and intermediate frail was 35.2% (37/105) and 29.5% (31/105), respectively. Multivariate logistic analysis showed statistically significant associations of frailty with age (OR=1.14, 95%CI:1.08-1.20, P<0.001), body mass index (OR=0.87, 95%CI:0.79-0.95, P=0.001) and the level of eGFR (OR=0.98, 95%CI:0.96-0.99, P=0.003) in those patients. The incidence of frail in patients with eGFR<45 ml·min(-1)·(1.73 m(2))(-1) and 45-59 ml·min(-1)·(1.73 m(2))(-1) was 1.02 (OR=2.02, 95%CI: 1.06~3.87) and 0.84 (OR=1.84, 95%CI: 1.05-3.22) times higher than that of eGFR≥60 ml·min(-1)·(1.73 m(2))(-1), respectively. Conclusion: The incidence of frailty in the elderly patients with CKD is affected by many factors, such as age, body mass index and renal function, and increases with decreased renal function.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Idoso Fragilizado , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(10): 806-813, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648463

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and summarize the experience on the diagnosis and treatment of aortic stenosis caused by Takayasu arteritis in pediatric patients. Methods: This study was a retrospective study. Five pediatric patients diagnosed as aortic stenosis caused by Takayasu arteritis in Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2016 to August 2018 were included. The clinical features, methods of examination, treatment and outcome were analyzed. Results: There were 2 male and 3 female patients in this cohort. The age of onset ranged from 10 to 13 years. The main clinical symptoms were as follows: intermittent claudication and hypertension (5 patients), heart failure (3 patients). Three patients with heart failure were misdiagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy in other hospitals. Except 1 patient died due to disease aggravation before operation, the other 4 patients received interventional therapy for severe heart failure or refractory hypertension on the basis of hormone anti-inflammatory treatment, including 2 patients treated with aortic balloon dilatation and 2 patients treated with aortic balloon dilatation and stent implantation. In post-operational follow-up, clinical symptoms and laboratory examination values of the 4 patients treated with interventional therapy were significantly improved. Conclusions: The clinical symptoms of pediatric patients with aortic stenosis caused by Takayasu arteritis mainly present with intermittent claudication, hypertension and heart failure. Aortic intervention strategy should be applied for pediatric patients with severe heart failure or refractory hypertension as early as possible.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Adolescente , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 777-781, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594177

RESUMO

Objective: To detect the red blood cell lifespan in patients with polycythemia vera (PV), and explore the influencing factors. Methods: From February 2017 to December 2018, 27 patients with PV at Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and 18 normal controls were recruited. Red blood cell lifespan was detected by endogenous carbon monoxide (CO) breath test. The related factors were analyzed. Results: The average red blood cell lifespan of 27 PV patients was 80 (range, 35-120) days (d), which was significantly shorter than that of the normal controls [110.5(69-166) d, P<0.05], namely 35.3 d shorter. The red blood cell lifespan of ten newly diagnosed patients and 17 patients who were treated with hydroxyurea and/or interferon were 98 (35-117) d and 69 (45-120) d, respectively, which were both shorter than that of the normal control (P=0.010, 0.000). Correlation analysis showed that red blood cell lifespan of patients with newly diagnosed PV was associated with JAK2 mutation allele burden (r=0.900, P=0.037), peripheral blood lymphocyte count (r=-0.742, P=0.014) and the level of serum vitamin B(12) (r=-0.821, P=0.023). Conclusion: The lifespan of red blood cells in patients with PV is about one-third shorter than normal, and is related to JAK2 mutation allele burden, absolute lymphocyte count, and serum vitamin B(12) level.


Assuntos
Testes Respiratórios/métodos , Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Monóxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/patologia , Policitemia Vera/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2 , Longevidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(32): 2527-2531, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484281

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Methods: The clinicopathologic data of enrolled patients with NETs between October 2012 and October 2017 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 488 NETs patients, the average age was (51.0±15.8) years, and the sex ratio (male/female) was 1∶1.1. Of the NETs, 370 were located in the digestive system (75.8%), 63 were pulmonary (12.9%), 14 were mediastinal (2.9%), 7 were of unknown primary origin (1.4%), and 34 were located in other sites (7.0%). Among the NETs, the pancreas, rectum and stomach were the most common sites. In the digestive system NETs, the most common tumor grade was G1 (190 cases, 51.4%), followed by G2 (143 cases, 38.6%) and NET-G3 (37 cases, 10.0%). In pulmonary NETs, typical and atypical carcinoid tumors was 47.6% and 52.4%, respectively. There were 310 patients at stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ, 53 at stage Ⅲ, 69 at stage Ⅳ and 56 at stage undiagnosed, respectively. The relationships among age, stage, grade, metastasis, treatment and prognosis were analyzed. All these factors could influence the survival rate of NET patients. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that age (>50 years old) (HR=2.831, 95%CI:1.414-7.029, P=0.025) and distant metastasis (HR=10.208, 95%CI:4.110-25.355, P<0.001) were independent risk factors. Conclusions: The most common primary sites of NETs are the pancreas, rectum, and stomach. Age and distant metastasis are independent risk factors for the prognosis of NETs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Appl Microbiol ; 127(6): 1751-1758, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448854

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this experiment was to study the bacterial diversity and predominance of spoilage bacteria in chicken skin at different thermal treatment temperatures (60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120°C). METHOD AND RESULTS: Bacteria in chicken skin was collected, then propidium monoazide treatment to remove the DNA of dead cell, total DNA was extracted by Tiandz Bacterial DNA Kit, and investigated by high-throughput sequencing of the v3/v4 regions of the 16S rDNA gene. A total of 796 008 high-quality bacterial sequences were obtained for assessing the microbial diversity of chicken skin from seven thermal treatment group and control group. The results showed that the bacterial diversity in chicken skin at 90°C was lowest. And Acinetobacter (25·88%), Clostridium (20·70%), Bacteroides (13·93%) and Myroides (13·13%) were the main flora at 25°C; The Clostridium was dominant genus of the samples heat-treated by 60, 70, 80 and 90°C, the proportion of this genus were up to 64·86, 77·42, 52·22 and 87·30% respectively. The Bacillus was the main flora of the samples heat-treated by 100, 110 and 120°C, and the relative percentages were 39·44, 79·61 and 45·96% respectively. In addition, high-temperature-resistant Serratia was found in chicken skin. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed that the relationship between thermal treatment temperature and bacterial diversity and dominant spoilage bacteria in chicken skin, which had a strong guiding significance for the control and prediction of micro-organisms in foods. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The results of this paper could provide a theoretical basis for meat products containing chicken skin, including the safe use of chicken skin, determination of sterilization process parameters and selection of preservatives for compounding, which has strong practicality in China.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Temperatura Alta , Produtos da Carne/microbiologia , Pele/microbiologia , Animais , Azidas/química , Bactérias/genética , Galinhas , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Propídio/análogos & derivados , Propídio/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(8): 516-521, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461807

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the factors associated with the success rate of external cephalic version (ECV) for singleton and non-cephalic presentation pregnancies in the third trimester. Methods: A retrospective study of ECV among singleton and non-cephalic presentation pregnant women in 36-40 weeks of gestation at Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2016 to June 2018 was analyzed. Results: (1) Totally, 251 cases of 358 pregnant women who underwent ECV were successful, with a total success rate of 70.1% (251/358). The success rate of multipara was 79.1% (129/163), while 62.6% (122/195) in primipara (P<0.01). The total vaginal delivery rate was 52.2% (187/358), the vaginal delivery rate of multipara was 61.3% (100/163), while 44.6% (87/195) in primipara (P<0.01). (2) Spontaneous reversion occurred in 7.6%(19/251) of ECV successful women, the rate of reversion of multipara was 10.9% (14/129), higher than that of the primipara [4.1% (5/122); P<0.01]. (3) Among the 232 pregnant women who did not reverted after successful ECV, 187 cases of successful vaginal delivery, the vaginal delivery rate was 80.6% (187/232); the vaginal delivery rate of the multipara was 87.0%(100/115), which was higher than that of the primipara [74.4%(87/117); P<0.01]. (4) The variables significantly associated with ECV success were parity, type of breech, whether fetal presentation was in pelvic or not (all P<0.05). The complication rate was 2.2% (8/358), among which the incidence of fetal distress, placental abruption and transient fetal heart abnormalities were 0.6% (2/358), 0.3% (1/358) and 1.4% (5/358) respectively. Conclusion: By close monitoring, ECV is a safe and effective procedure in selected appropriate cases, and worthy of clinical application.


Assuntos
Apresentação Pélvica , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Versão Fetal/métodos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(12): 5122-5132, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Growing studies indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) acted as imperative players in neoplasms initiation and progression. This research was designed to study the potential involvements of lncRNA FEZF1-AS1 (FEZF1-AS1) in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Real-time PCR was performed to detect the expressions of FEZF1-AS1 in PCa specimens and cell lines. Correlations between G- FEZF1-AS1 expressions and clinical characteristics and overall survivals were determined using statistical methods. The CCK-8 assays, colony formation assay, flow cytometry, transwell, and wound scratch assays were carried out to study cells viability, cells migration, and invasion. Western blot and RT-PCR were used for the determination of the influence of FEZF1-AS1 on Notch signaling pathway. RESULTS: We found that FEZF1-AS1 expressions were distinctly reduced in human PCa tissues and cell lines compared with their non-tumor counterparts, and its higher levels were strongly associated with lymph node metastasis (p=0.012) and Angiolymphatic invasion (p=0.022). Then, Kaplan-Meier assays showed that patients with higher expressions of FEZF1-AS1 were shown to predict unfavorable overall survival. Cox proportional hazards risks assays revealed that FEZF1-AS1 acted as an independent prognostic factor for PCa. Functional investigations suggested that knockdown of FEZF1-AS1 could suppress cells proliferation, trigger late apoptosis, and inhibit cells invasion and migration. Mechanistic assays demonstrated that FEZF1-AS1 exhibited its tumor-promotive roles by activating the Notch signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: We suggested that FEZF1-AS1 served as a tumor promoter in PCa and may develop a novel therapeutic target for PCa patients.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(12): 5477-5486, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of theacrine in the protection of ventricular remodeling and chronic heart failure after myocardial infarction in the estrogen-deficient mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female C57BL/6 mice aged 8 weeks old were selected and then subjected to bilateral oophorectomy. At 7 days after surgery, the models of the myocardial infarction were established by ligating the anterior descending coronary artery. On the first day after myocardial infarction, Theacrine (20 mg/kg) was administered via gavage for continuous 28 days. Thereafter, the cardiac function in each group of mice was detected via cardiac ultrasonography for small animals at 7, 14, and 28 days after surgery. The mice were sacrificed after 28 days. The infarct size of mice was determined through 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) and Evan blue double staining assay, while the myocardial fibrosis was assessed via Masson staining assay. The expression levels of collagen-related proteins Collagen I, Collagen III, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and the transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) were measured by Western blotting (WB). The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining assay was applied to evaluate the myocardial apoptosis, and the WB was employed to detect apoptosis-associated proteins. The expression level of silent information regulator 2 homologue 3 (SIRT3) protein was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of SIRT3, ß-catenin and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) protein were measured via WB. RESULTS: Compared with those in the Sham group, the ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) in estrogen-deficient mice were significantly lowered, the myocardial fibrosis and myocardial apoptosis were clearly aggravated, and the SIRT3 expression was decreased at 28 days after myocardial infarction. The theacrine could improve the cardiac function after the myocardial infarction in estrogen-deficient mice and relieve both myocardial fibrosis and myocardial apoptosis during chronic remodeling after myocardial infarction in estrogen-deficient mice. After the intervention with theacrine, the estrogen-deficient mice with myocardial infarction had up-regulated SIRT3 and PPARγ levels and a reduced ß-catenin level in the heart. CONCLUSIONS: Theacrine is able to activate SIRT3 and repress myocardial fibrosis and apoptosis after myocardial infarction in ovariectomized mice, thereby improving the cardiac function of ovariectomized mice with myocardial infarction through the possible downstream signal pathway ß-catenin/PPARγ.

20.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 49(3): 163-167, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269624

RESUMO

Because of long history and excellent medical skills, the Song gynecology is regarded as one of the "four great masters" of the gynecology in Zhejiang province. The monographs survived of Song gynecology are at least four, besides the earliest one Songshi Nüke Cuoyao(, Synopsis of Song's Gynecology)(1612), there is Songshi Bochuan Chanke Quanshu(, Complete Treatise on Gynecology of Song Bochuan), Songshi Nüke Chanhou Pian(, Chapter of Puerperal Disease from Song's Gynecology), which are formed in Qing dynasty, and Linzheng Lu(, Clinical Records) formed in the Republic of China era.And Jingli Songshi Nüke(, Meticulously Sort Out Song's Gynecology), which might belong to School of Song's gynecology, and Nüke Milu(, Secretive Records of Gynecology) were found in records. This paper excavates and sorts these 6 Song's gynecological monographs, carries out in-depth research on the changes of editions, spread and origins, and clarify the general situation of song's gynecological monographs.


Assuntos
Ginecologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China , Ginecologia/história , História do Século XVII , Pesquisa , Taiwan
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