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1.
Gene ; 736: 144417, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006593

RESUMO

Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) plays a pivotal role in mediating trafficking and migration of immune cells. Previous reports also identify S1PR1 as an important susceptibility gene of asthma and other autoimmune disorders. However, little has been known about the regulatory mechanism of S1PR1 expression. Thus we systematically investigated the transcriptional regulation of S1PR1 in this study. Promoter activity of S1PR1 gene was carefully screened using series of pGL3-Basic reporter vectors, containing full length (range from transcription start site to upstream -1 kb region) or several truncated fragments of S1PR1 promoter. We identified an area (from -29 to -12 bp) of the S1PR1 promoter as the minimal promoter region. Bioinformatics prediction results showed that several transcription factors were recruited to these sites. EMSA and ChIP assays demonstrated the transcriptional factor STAT1 could bind to the region. We also found that the level of S1PR1 level was significantly reduced when STAT1 was knocked-down. Consistent with the reduction of S1PR1 caused by depletion of STAT1, overexpression of STAT1 resulted in up-regulation of S1PR1. In addition, both mRNA and protein levels of S1PR1 were increased when STAT1 was activated by IFN-γ, and decreased when STAT1 was inhibited by fludarabine. Besides, the levels of STAT1 and S1PR1 expression were positively correlated in peripheral blood leukocytes derived from 41 healthy individuals. Our study showed that transcription factor STAT1 could bind to upstream region of -29 bp to -12 bp of the S1PR1 promoter and stimulate the expression of S1PR1.

2.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 39, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown 6'-O-galloylpaeoniflorin (GPF), a nature product extracted from the roots of paeoniflorin exerts anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effects of GPF on the proliferation and invasion in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells have not been clarified. METHODS: MTT assay was performed to determine the cytotoxicity of GPF treatment on NSCLC cells. Colony formation assay, cell scratch test and transwell assay were performed to determine the proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cells in vitro, respectively. An A549 cell xenograft mouse model was performed to confirm the growth of NSCLC cells in vivo. Western blotting was used to measure the levels of activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and phosph-AMPK (p-AMPK). Luciferase assay was used to validate the binding of miR-299-5p on the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of ATF2. RESULTS: Administration of GPF (50 or 100 µM) was significantly cytotoxic to A549 cells and H1299 cells, as well as inhibited the clonality, invasion and metastasis of NSCLC cells in vitro. GPF treatment also inhibited the tumor growth of NSCLC cell mouse xenografts in vivo. Exotic expression of miR-299-5p significantly inhibited the growth of NSCLC cells in vitro and in vivo. Downregulation of miR-299-5p expression attenuated the inhibition of the proliferation and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer cells by GPF treatment. miR-299-5p significantly decreased ATF2 mRNA and protein levels in A549 cells (p < 0.05). Overexpression of ATF2 blocked the inhibitory effect of miR-299-5p on the proliferation and invasiveness of A549 cells. CONCLUSIONS: GPF regulates miR-299-5p/ATF2 axis in A549 cells via the AMPK signalling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer cells.

3.
Genome Res ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051188

RESUMO

Liver organogenesis and development are composed of a series of complex, well-orchestrated events. Identifying key factors and pathways governing liver development will help elucidate the physiological and pathological processes including those of cancer. We conducted multidimensional omics measurements including protein, mRNA, and transcription factor (TF) DNA-binding activity for mouse liver tissues collected from embryonic day 12.5 (E12.5) to postnatal week 8 (W8), encompassing major developmental stages. These data sets reveal dynamic changes of core liver functions and canonical signaling pathways governing development at both mRNA and protein levels. The TF DNA-binding activity data set highlights the importance of TF activity in early embryonic development. A comparison between mouse liver development and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) proteomic profiles reveal that more aggressive tumors are characterized with the activation of early embryonic development pathways, whereas less aggressive ones maintain liver function-related pathways that are elevated in the mature liver. This work offers a panoramic view of mouse liver development and provides a rich resource to explore in-depth functional characterization.

4.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; : e1900036, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999393

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study is aimed at developing a molecular diagnostics platform to enhance the interpretation of renal allograft biopsies using quantitative proteomic profiling of formalin-fixed and paraffin embedded (FFPE) specimens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We first developed a quantitative proteomics platform composed of 1) an optimized FFPE protein sample preparation method, 2) a tandem mass tag TMT10-plex-based proteomic workflow, and 3) a systematic statistical analysis pipeline to reveal differentially expressed (DE) proteins. We then tested this platform on a small sample set (5 samples per phenotype) to reveal proteomic signatures that can differentiate T-cell mediated rejection (TCMR) and polyomavirus BK nephropathy (BKPyVN) from healthy functionally stable (STA) kidney tissue. RESULTS: Among 2,798 quantified proteins, the expression levels of 740 BKPyVN and 638 TCMR associated proteins were significantly changed compared to STA specimens. Principal component analysis demonstrated good segregation of all three phenotypes investigated. Protein detection and quantitation was highly reproducible: replicate comparative analyses demonstrated 71-84% overlap of detected proteins, and the coefficient of variation for protein measurements was <15% in triplicate liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) runs. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Quantitative proteomics can be applied to archived FFPE specimens to differentiate different causes of renal allograft injury in kidney transplant recipients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 1, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is associated with adverse outcomes in HCM patients. Although the left atrial (LA) diameter has consistently been identified as a strong predictor of AF in HCM patients, the relationship between LA dysfunction and AF still remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the LA function in patients with non-obstructive HCM (NOHCM) utilizing cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT). METHODS: Thirty-three patients with NOHCM and 28 healthy controls were studied. The global and regional LA function and left ventricular (LV) function were compared between the two groups. The following LA global functional parameters were quantitively analyzed: reservoir function (total ejection fraction [LA total EF], total strain [εs], peak positive strain rate [SRs]), conduit function (passive ejection fraction [LA passive EF], passive strain [εe], peak early-negative SR [SRe]), and booster pump function (active ejection fraction [LA active EF], active strain [εa], peak late-negative SR [SRa]). The LA wall was automatically divided into 6 segments: anterior, antero-roof, inferior, septal, septal-roof and lateral. Three LA strain parameters (εs, εe, εa) and their corresponding strain rate parameters (SRs, SRe, SRa) during the reservoir, conduit and booster pump LA phases were segmentally measured and analyzed. RESULTS: The LA reservoir (LA total EF: 57.6 ± 8.2% vs. 63.9 ± 6.4%, p < 0.01; εs: 35.0 ± 12.0% vs. 41.5 ± 11.2%, p = 0.03; SRs: 1.3 ± 0.4 s- 1 vs. 1.5 ± 0.4 s- 1, p = 0.02) and conduit function (LA passive EF: 28.7 ± 9.1% vs. 37.1 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; εe: 18.7 ± 7.9% vs. 25.9 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; SRe: - 0.8 ± 0.3 s- 1 vs. -1.1 ± 0.4 s- 1, p < 0.01) were all impaired in patients with NOHCM when compared with healthy controls, while LA booster pump function was preserved. The LA segmental strain and strain rate analysis demonstrated that the εs, εe, SRe of inferior, SRs, SRe of septal-roof, and SRa of antero-roof walls (all p < 0.05) were all decreased in the NOHCM cohort. Correlations between LA functional parameters and LV conventional function and LA functional parameters and baseline parameters (age, body surface area and NYHA classification) were weak. The two strongest relations were between εs and LA total EF(r = 0.84, p < 0.01), εa and LA active EF (r = 0.83, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with healthy controls, patients with NOHCM have LA reservoir and conduit dysfunction, and regional LA deformation before LA enlargement. CMR-FT identifies LA dysfunction and deformation at an early stage.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The FUTURE-I study aimed to assess preliminary safety and effectiveness with the long-term clinical and imaging follow-up for the Firesorb (MicroPort, Shanghai, China), a thinner-strut sirolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BRS). BACKGROUND: First-generation BRS has been associated with unexpected device-related adverse outcomes at long-term follow-up. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, first-in-man study, patients with single de novo lesions in native coronary arteries were randomized 2:1 into two cohorts after successful Firesorb implantation: cohort 1 (n = 30) underwent multimodality imaging assessment at 6 and 24 months; and cohort 2 (n = 15) at 12 and 36 months. All patients underwent clinical follow-up at 1, 6, and 12 months and annually up to 5 years. RESULTS: Between January and March 2016, 45 patients were enrolled. At 3-year follow-up, one patient had experienced target lesion failure and none scaffold thrombosis. In-scaffold minimal lumen diameter decreased significantly from 6-month to 2-year (2.53 ± 0.24 mm vs. 2.27 ± 0.37 mm, p = .0003), and only numerically from 1-year to 3-year follow-up (2.48 ± 0.28 mm vs. 2.22 ± 0.13 mm, p = .08). By optical coherence tomography, neointimal strut coverage at 3-year follow-up was 99.8%, and very low rate of late scaffold discontinuity was observed, only in one patient on two cross sections with three malapposed struts. CONCLUSIONS: At 3-year follow-up of the FUTURE-I study, implantation of the thinner-strut Firesorb BRS appeared preliminary feasible and effective in the treatment of patients with noncomplex coronary lesions.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 6371-6382, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927938

RESUMO

With the rapidly increasing development of portable device hardware and flexible electronics, ultrathin electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding films with a combination of high flexibility and excellent mechanical properties are noticeably required. In addition to minimizing the electromagnetic wave pollution problem, the fire hazards caused by accidental electrical leakage or aging are also a cause of extensive concern. Inspired by nacre and sandwich structure, herein, we fabricated for the first time an electrical insulating sandwich-structured film based on Ca ion cross-linked sodium alginate (SA)-montmorillonite (MMT) and Ti3C2Tx MXene through a step-by-step vacuum-assisted filtration process. This novel design strategy not only maintains the inner EMI shielding network but also can act as an excellent fire-resistant barrier to protect the electronic device in case of accidental fire. Compared with the pure Ti3C2Tx layer, such kind of sandwich film can effectively maintain the EMI shielding performance (50.01 dB), dramatically enhance the mechanical properties (84.4 MPa), and exhibit excellent fire-resistant performance. Especially, compared with the film composed of mixture, the EMI shielding effectiveness value is only 55% that of sandwich films. Besides, it functions well under long-term heat aging test at 80 °C. Therefore, this unique design provides a novel EMI material strategy to facilitate its future applications in flexible electronics.

8.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although 20 pancreatic cancer susceptibility loci have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in individuals of European ancestry, much of its heritability remains unexplained and the genes responsible largely unknown. METHODS: To discover novel pancreatic cancer risk loci and possible causal genes, we performed a pancreatic cancer transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) in Europeans using three approaches, FUSION, MetaXcan and SMulTiXcan. We integrated GWAS summary statistics from 9,040 pancreatic cancer cases and 12,496 controls, with gene expression prediction models built using transcriptome data from histologically normal pancreatic tissue samples (NCI Laboratory of Translational Genomics, LTG (n = 95) and Genotype-Tissue Expression, GTEx v7 (n = 174) datasets), and data from 48 different tissues (GTEx v7, n = 74-421 samples). RESULTS: We identified 25 genes whose genetically predicted expression was statistically significantly associated with pancreatic cancer risk (FDR < 0.05), including 14 candidate genes at 11 novel loci (1p36.12: CELA3B; 9q31.1: SMC2, SMC2-AS1; 10q23.31: RP11-80H5.9; 12q13.13: SMUG1; 14q32.33: BTBD6; 15q23: HEXA; 15q26.1: RCCD1; 17q12:, PNMT, CDK12, PGAP3; 17q22: SUPT4H1; 18q11.22: RP11-888D10.3; and 19p13.11: PGPEP1) and 11 at 6 known risk loci (5p15.33: TERT, CLPTM1L, ZDHHC11B; 7p14.1: INHBA; 9q34.2: ABO; 13q12.2: PDX1; 13q22.1: KLF5; and 16q23.1: WDR59, CFDP1, BCAR1, TMEM170A). The association for 12 of these genes (CELA3B, SMC2, and PNMT at novel risk loci, and TERT, CLPTM1L, INHBA, ABO, PDX1, KLF5, WDR59, CFDP1 and BCAR1 at known loci) remained statistically significant after Bonferroni correction. CONCLUSIONS: By integrating gene expression and genotype data, we identified novel pancreatic cancer risk loci and candidate functional genes that warrant further investigation.

9.
EBioMedicine ; 51: 102604, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers, whereas the molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. PRAS40 (encoded by AKT1S1) phosphorylation was increased in human melanoma, prostate cancer and lung cancer specimens, which was considered as the results of Akt activation. However the mechanism in detail and its role in HCC stay elusive. METHODS: PRAS40 expression and phosphorylation were analyzed in HCC specimens, and the survival rates of patients were investigated. Functional analyses of PRAS40 in HCC were performed in vivo and in vitro. The miR-124-3p binding sites in PRAS40 were investigated using luciferase assay. MiR-124-3p expression in HCC specimens was examined by In Situ hybridization, and the correlation to PRAS40 level was evaluated. FINDINGS: The phosphorylation, protein and mRNA levels of PRAS40 were increased significantly in HCC specimens from our cohorts and TCGA database, which was positively correlated to the poor prognosis of HCC patients. Compared to Akt1s1+/+ mice, hepatocarcinogenesis was suppressed in Akt1s1-/- mice, and the activation of Akt was impaired. PRAS40 depletion resulted in the inhibition of HCC cellular proliferation. Tumor suppressor miR-124-3p was found to downregulate PRAS40 expression by targeting its 3'UTR. MiR-124-3p levels were inversely correlated to PRAS40 protein and phosphorylation levels in HCC specimens. The proliferation inhibition by miR-124-3p mimics was partially reversed by exogenous PRAS40 introduction in HCC cells. INTERPRETATION: PRAS40 hyperexpression induced by loss of miR-124-3p contributes to PRAS40 hyperphosphorylation and hepatocarcinogenesis. These results could be expected to offer novel clues for understanding hepatocarcinogenesis and developing approaches.

10.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 18, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating literatures have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are potential biomarkers that play key roles in tumor development and progression. Urothelial cancer associated 1 (UCA1) is a novel lncRNA that acts as a potential biomarker and is involved in the development of cancers. However, the molecular mechanism of UCA1 in renal cancer is still needed to further explore. METHODS: The relative expression level of UCA1 was determined by Real-Time qPCR in a total of 88 patients with urothelial renal cancer and in different renal cancer cell lines. Loss-of-function experiments were performed to investigate the biological roles of UCA1 and miR-182-5p on renal cancer cell proliferation, migration, apoptosis and tumorigenicity. Comprehensive transcriptional analysis, dual-luciferase reporter assay and western blot etc. were performed to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the functions of UCA1. RESULTS: In this study, we found that UCA1 was significantly up-regulated in renal cancer. Moreover, increased UCA1 expression was positively correlated with differentiation and advanced TNM stage. Further experiments demonstrated that knockdown of UCA1 inhibited malignant phenotypes and Notch signal path of renal cancer cells, and miR-182-5p was reverse function as UCA1. UCA1 functioned as a miRNA sponge to positively regulate the expression of Delta-like ligand 4(DLL4) through sponging miR-182-5p and subsequently promoted malignant phenotypes of renal cancer cells, thus UCA1 playing an oncogenic role and miR-182-5p as an antioncogenic one in renal cancer pathogenesis. CONCLUSION: UCA1-miR-182-5p-DLL4 axis is involved in proliferation and progression of renal cancer. Thus, this study demonstrated that UCA1 plays a critical regulatory role in renal cancer cell and UCA1 may serve as a potential diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target of renal cancer.

11.
Radiology ; 294(2): 275-286, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769741

RESUMO

Background The value of native myocardial T1 mapping and extracellular volume (ECV) fraction in patients who have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) but no late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and no hemodynamic obstruction are currently unknown. Purpose To evaluate myocardial fibrosis in patients with nonobstructive HCM and no LGE by using native myocardial T1 mapping and ECV fraction and to study their relationships to left ventricular (LV) function and LV hypertrophy. Materials and Methods Patients with HCM who underwent cardiac MRI between 2012 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were included if they had no LGE at MRI, LV ejection fraction greater than or equal to 45%, and no LV outflow tract obstruction. Healthy participants had similar age and sex distribution. Native myocardial T1 and ECV were measured with MRI. Results A total of 258 patients with HCM (mean age ± standard deviation, 49 years ± 15; 74% men) and 122 healthy participants (mean age, 50 years ± 14; 76% men) were evaluated. Native myocardial T1 was longer and ECV fraction was higher in the patients with HCM relative to the healthy participants (mean native T1, 950 msec ± 48 vs 913 msec ± 46; mean ECV, 24.5% ± 2.8 vs 23.0% ± 2.7; both P < .001). Maximum T1 and ECV values correlated strongly with LV mass index for the entire patient cohort with HCM (both r = 0.86; P < .001) and for the subgroups (r = 0.86 and 0.85 for interventricular septal group and r = 0.88 and 0.86 for apical group; all P < .001). Conclusion Prolonged myocardial T1 and elevated extracellular volume in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy suggests diffuse myocardial fibrosis, even in the absence of regionally apparent late gadolinium enhancement and hemodynamic obstruction, and is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. © RSNA, 2019 See also the editorial by Bluemke and Lima in this issue.

12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 143: 1-10, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809778

RESUMO

Chitosan (CS) and phosphorylated chitosan (PCS) were deposited onto the polyamide 66 (PA66) fabric surfaces along with poly-acrylate sodium (PAS) via 'one pot' and layer by layer (LbL) assembly methods in preparing flame retardant coatings. Subsequently, to stabilize the deposited coatings, some of the fabric samples were treated under the UV-irradiation and additionally, a thermal treatment was also carried out for the remaining fabric samples. The LbL assembled fabrics showed a better homogeneity in the coating structure over the one pot deposited fabrics as appeared in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Nonetheless, the LbL treated fabric sample (i.e., PA66-10BL-UV) with a higher weight gain% exhibited a greater improvement in limiting oxygen index (LOI) (i.e., 23%), and a reduced peak heat release rate (pHRR) (i.e., 25%). Yet more, only the LbL assembled and thermally cross-linked fabric sample could able to retain the flame retardant behavior in the vertical burning test even after 5 washing cycles.

13.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; 30(1): 39-47, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364909

RESUMO

Psoralen has potential hepatotoxicity and has a certain promoting effect on the clinical liver injury of Psoralea corylifolia L (Fructus Psoraleae). This study investigated the underlying mechanisms of psoralen-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro. HepG2 cells were treated with psoralen for 6, 12, 24, or 48 h, and an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-specific inhibitor, 4-PBA, was employed to investigate the mechanism of psoralen on ER stress and unfolded protein response (UPR). Cell viability was tested by MTT assay, ATP assay, and cell death by LDH. The apoptosis was reflected by the flow cytometry, caspase-8, and caspase-3 activates. The expression of ER stress-related markers was determined by RT-PCR and western blot. We found that psoralen significantly decreased cell viability, increased activities of caspase-8 and caspase-3, and upregulated expression of CHOP and BAX in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Moreover, psoralen significantly increased the expression and transcription levels of ER stress-related markers, including Grp78, PERK, eIF2α, ATF4, and ATF6, while IRE1α was not significantly affected. And 4-PBA could effectively inhibit psoralen-induced cell death and apoptosis along with the inhibition of ER stress responses. These results suggested that psoralen causes liver injury due to the induction of the ER stress-mediated apoptosis via PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP and ATF6-CHOP related pathways.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 381: 121233, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557714

RESUMO

A novel and submicro-scale aluminum branched oligo(phenylphosphonate) (AHPP) has been successfully synthesized and embedded into a polymeric substrate to improve the fire safety of epoxy resin (EP). The chemical structures of intermediates and target products were characterized using the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared analysis. Morphology analysis confirmed that all of the as-synthesized AHPP submicro-particles are mutually well-separated. Combustion results demonstrated that the limiting oxygen index value is increased to 30.5% from 23.5% while the PHRR and THR are decreased by ca. 68.1% and 41.2%, respectively for the EP/AHPP-7.5 composite compared to the corresponding values for pure EP. In addition, the binary blends display the satisfying smoke toxicity suppression performance during combustion. The total smoke production and the total CO yield for EP/AHPP-7.5 are dramatically reduced by 62.0% and 32.3%, respectively, which may mainly be ascribed to the catalytic carbonization performance of the polymers and formation of Al2O3 layers on the surface of the char residues. As a result, the findings in this study enabled the submicro-scale phosphorus-containing flame retardant to be a potential candidate as an efficient additive for reducing smoke toxicity of polymer composites.

15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109552, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715370

RESUMO

Rhodiola rosea L., a worldwide botanical adaptogen, has been confirmed to possess protective effects of inflammatory injury for many diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, sepsis, and cancer. This paper is to review the recent clinical and experimental researches about the anti-inflammatory effects and the related mechanisms of Rhodiola rosea L. extracts, preparations, and the active compounds. From the collected information reviewed, this paper will provide the theoretical basis for its clinical application, and provide the evidences or guidance for future studies and medicinal exploitations of Rhodiola rosea L.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121028, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473517

RESUMO

The extensive utilization of rigid polyurethane foam (RPUF) as construction insulation material has brought two main troubles to our society: fire risks and toxic hazards. To reduce the fire hazards of RPUF, a layered MoS2 decorated with Cu2O nanoparticles was creativity obtained by hydrothermal technology and facile wet chemical treatment for reducing the toxic product formations of polyurethane nanocomposites during combustion. Due to the low weight ratio of Cu2O attached onto MoS2, the resulting Cu2O-MoS2 hybrid effectively prevented the MoS2 nanosheets from restacking. However, the Cu2O-MoS2-M hybrid was produced by increasing content of Cu2O, which has the characteristic stacked layer structure of MoS2. Reduced harmful organic volatiles and the toxic gases (e.g. a respective decrease of ca. 28% and 53% for CO and NOx products) were obtained because of synergistic effect between the physical adsorption of MoS2 and catalysis action of Cu2O. Notably, the addition of Cu2O-MoS2 hybrids led to high char formation of the RPUF nanocomposite, indicating the effectively catalytic carbonization property. In addition, the N-Gas model for predicting fire smoke toxicity was developed and demonstrated. Furthermore, the research offers direct proofs of the negative influence of the stacked MoS2 on reducing the smoke toxicity for RPUF nanocomposites.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121069, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522066

RESUMO

As a rising star of two-dimensional material, black phosphorus (BP) has attracted tremendous attention in applications of photovoltaics, transistors and batteries due to its unique characteristics. Inspiring, we developed a simple strategy to fabricate BP-MCNTs as highly promising inorganic phosphorus-based flame retardant. After incorporation 2 wt% BP-MCNTs11(the mass ratio of BP:MCNTs=1:1) nanohybrid, the peak of heat release rate and total heat release of EP nanocomposites reduced by 55.81% and 41.17% at a phosphorus content of only 1 wt%, and the comprehensive index FGI for evaluating the flame retardant of materials decreased from 17.35 to 6.97. In addition, the typical flammable volatile are suppressed significantly, and the first stage of carbon monoxide release is disappeared. The improvement of fire safety and inhibition of smoke toxicity could be attributed to the the synergistic effects of nano-barrier, catalytic charring and radicals trapping of BP-MCNTs nanohybrid. More importantly, BP hybrid with MCNTs and wrapped in EP matrix which formed effective isolation protection against the ambient degradation. Raman spectra and SEM results confirmed that EP/BP-MCNTs performed enhanced ambient stability than EP/BP-BS nanocomposites after three months. This study demonstrates its great potential for preparation of air-stable BP based nanocomposites with enhanced fire safety.

18.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(4): 528-533, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864520

RESUMO

The aim of the cohort study was to investigate the relation between plasma lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with three-vessel disease (TVD) after the following treatment strategies, including medical therapy alone, percutaneous coronary intervention, and coronary artery bypass grafting. A total of 6,175 consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed TVD and available baseline Lp(a) data were included in this study. Based on the median level of Lp(a) at admission, the patient was divided into 2 subgroups. Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), of which all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and unplanned revascularization were all included. In general, the median value of Lp(a) reached 13.76 mg/dl for all patients. The median follow-up time of all patients was 6.2 years. For MACE, a total of 1,433 cases were generated, accounting for 23.2%, including 804 (13.0%) all-cause death, 302 (4.9 %) myocardial infarction, and 494 (8.0%) unplanned revascularization. For the incidence of MACE, the high Lp (a) and low Lp (a) groups were 24.3% to 22.1% (p = 0.015), respectively. When the risk factors were adjusted, the multivariate analysis showed that high Lp(a) levels was an independent predictor of primary outcome (adjusted hazard ratio 1.169, 95% confidence interval 1.046 to 1.306, p = 0.006). Except for gender group, there is a relatively consistent correlation in the various subgroups. In conclusion, plasma Lp(a) is a potential biomarker for risk stratification and prognosis in patients diagnosed with TVD.

19.
Curr Med Chem ; 2019 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prebiotics are substrates selectively utilized by host microorganisms to confer health benefits. The potential of prebiotics to decrease body weight in overweight/obese individuals was suggested by some clinical and animal studies. However, these studies were based on relatively small sample sizes and the precise effects of prebiotic products have not yet been evaluated. Therefore, the present meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was designed to comprehensively assess the effects of prebiotic products on overweight and obese individuals. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were searched to identify RCT investigating the effects of prebiotic products on overweight and obese individuals. We calculated the pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) to assess the effects of prebiotic products on body mass index (BMI), body weight, fat mass and inflammatory biomarkers. RESULTS: Twelve RCTs with a total of 535 overweight and obese individuals were enrolled. Compared with placebo, prebiotic products decreased C reactive protein (WMD, -1.06 mg/L; 95%CI, -1.72 to -0.40; p=0.002), tumour necrosis factor-α(WMD, -0.64 pg/mL; 95%CI, -1.11 to -0.18; p=0.006) and other inflammatory markers, such as interleukin-1ß,lipopolysaccharide (p<0.05); whereas no reductions in BMI (WMD, -0.20 kg/m2; 95%CI, -0.58 to 0.19; p=0.32), body weight (WMD, -0.51 kg; 95%CI, -1.18 to 0.16; p=0.14) and fat mass (WMD, 0.11 kg; 95%CI, -0.04 to 0.25; p=0.15) were observed. CONCLUSION: In the present analysis, comprehensive evidence suggested that prebiotic products did not decrease adiposity parameters (BMI, body weight and body fat mass), but they could decrease the levels of systemic inflammatory biomarkers, implying adherence to prebiotic products might be a promising complementary approach to managing inflammatory states in overweight and obese individuals.

20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(9): 4098-4104, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854873

RESUMO

Adsorption is an economical and effective method for recovering phosphate from wastewater. In order to improve the adsorption capacity of Fe3O4 for phosphate and for easy separation from water under the action of an external magnetic field, CaO2 was used in this study as an oxidant to partially oxidize Fe2+. A phosphorus recovery adsorbent, Ca doped Fe3O4 (CMIO), was prepared and was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) techniques. The results showed that CMIO had a Ca2+ doped Fe3O4 crystal structure with a saturation magnetization of 38.82 emu·g-1, which was easily separated from water by using an external magnetic field. The phosphorus adsorption capacity of the CMIO decreased with an increase of pH value. When pH=2 and T=25℃, the maximum adsorption capacity was 24.10 mg·g-1, which is almost five times the adsorption capacity of pure Fe3O4. The phosphorus adsorption of CMIO was in accord with the Langmuir isotherm adsorption model, and the adsorption process followed the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The complexation of phosphate occurred on the inner surface of the CMIO to form a ≡Fe-Ca-P ternary complex, which can adsorb phosphorus. Compared with other anions in the aqueous solution, CMIO had good adsorption selectivity to PO43-, and the adsorbed PO43- could be desorbed by NaOH solution.The quality loss of the CMIO was less than 4% once, and multiple recycling was possible.

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