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Biosci Rep ; 39(6)2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189745


Apocynum venetum is an eco-economic plant that exhibits high stress resistance. In the present paper, we carried out a whole-genome survey of A. venetum in order to provide a foundation for its whole-genome sequencing. High-throughput sequencing technology (Illumina NovaSep) was first used to measure the genome size of A. venetum, and bioinformatics methods were employed for the evaluation of the genome size, heterozygosity ratio, repeated sequences, and GC content in order to provide a foundation for subsequent whole-genome sequencing. The sequencing analysis results indicated that the preliminary estimated genome size of A. venetum was 254.40 Mbp, and its heterozygosity ratio and percentage of repeated sequences were 0.63 and 40.87%, respectively, indicating that it has a complex genome. We used k-mer = 41 to carry out a preliminary assembly and obtained contig N50, which was 3841 bp with a total length of 223949699 bp. We carried out further assembly to obtain scaffold N50, which was 6196 bp with a total length of 227322054 bp. We performed simple sequence repeat (SSR) molecular marker prediction based on the A. venetum genome data and identified a total of 101918 SSRs. The differences between the different types of nucleotide repeats were large, with mononucleotide repeats being most numerous and hexanucleotide repeats being least numerous. We recommend the use of the '2+3' (Illumina+PacBio) sequencing combination to supplement the Hi-C technique and resequencing technique in future whole-genome research in A. venetum.

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 24(4): 1086-90, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27531779


UNLABELLED: Objective:To explore the influence of co-inhibiting mTORC2 and HSP90 on the proliferation and apoptosis of multiple myeloma(MM) cell line U266. METHODS: During culture, the human MM cell line U266 were treated with 20 nmol/L of rapamycin, 600 nmol/L 17-AAG, 20 nmol/L of rapamycin + 600 nmol/L 17-AGG and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), then the growth inhibition rate, morphologic changes, apoptosis rate and the expression of caspase 3 and ATK protein in U266 cells were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: The rapamycin and 17-AAG both could inhibit the growth of U266 cells, while the inhibitory effect of rapamycin in combination with 17-AAG on growth of U266 cells was significantly higher them that of rapamycin and 17-AAG alone and control (PBS); the apoptosis rate of U266 cells treated with rapamycin, 17-AAG and their combination was higher than that of control PBS groups, and the efficacy of 2 drug conbination was higher than that of control PBS group, and the efficacy of 2 drug combination was superior to single drug. The expression levels of caspase 3 and ATK in U266 cells treated with rapamycin, 17-AAG and their combination were higher and lower than those in control group respectively, and the efficacy of 2 drug combination was superior to signle drug. There were significant difference between them (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The co-inhibition of mTORC2 and HSP90 can suppress the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of MM cells.

Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Mieloma Múltiplo , Benzoquinonas , Caspase 3 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90 , Humanos , Lactamas Macrocíclicas , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 2 de Rapamicina , Complexos Multiproteicos , Sirolimo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 34(9): 782-7, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24103877


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of immature dendritic cells (imDC) expressing chemokine receptor-7 (CCR7) on acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in allogeneic bone marrow transposed (allo-BMT) mouse model. METHODS: We constructed the lentiviral vectors carrying mouse CCR7 gene and infect imDC effectively in vitro. GVHD model was established with C57BL/6(H-2b) donor mice and BALB/c (H-2d) recipient mice. After irradiation, recipients were injected with donor bone marrow and spleen cells along with CCR7-modified dendritic cells. Mice were randomized into irradiation, transplant control, pXZ9-imDC (empty vector control) and CCR7-imDC groups. Survival, GVHD score, histopathological analysis and plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines were observed. RESULTS: The mean survival in irradiation, transplantation, pXZ9-imDC and CCR7-imDC groups were (8.20±1.48)d, (12.20±2.78)d, (20.70±6.01)d and (27.5±7.55)d respectively. The survival in CCR7- imDC group was significantly improved compared with other groups (P<0.05). GVHD scores in transplantation, pXZ9-imDC and CCR7-imDC groups were (6.90±1.66), (5.60±0.97) and (4.10±1.79) respectively. CCR7-imDC group had significantly lower GVHD score and minor tissue damages shown by histopathological analysis than the other groups. Plasma IFN-γ level increased and reached the peak at +10 day in transplant group, while it gradually decreased in pXZ9-imDC and CCR7-imDC groups, and then reached the nadir at +20 day post-allo-BMT, with the lowest level in CCR7-imDC group (P<0.01). Plasma IL-4 decreased in transplant group, while it gradually increased in pXZ9-imDC and CCR7-imDC groups and reached the highest level at + 10 day in CCR7- imDC group (P<0.01). The 95%-100% of H-2b positive cells in recipient mice on + 30 day post-allo-BMT demonstrated the complete donor- type implantation. CONCLUSION: Genetically modified immature DC by CCR7 gene could alleviate damages by GVHD and prolong survival of recipient mice after allo-BMT.

Células Dendríticas/citologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Receptores CCR7/genética , Animais , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Vetores Genéticos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transplante Homólogo