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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 132, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the leading worldwide causes of childhood morbidity and mortality. Its disease burden varies by age and etiology and is time dependent. We aimed to investigate the annual and seasonal patterns in etiologies of pediatric CAP requiring hospitalization. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study in 30,994 children (aged 0-18 years) with CAP between 2010 and 2015 at 23 nationwide hospitals in South Korea. Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia was clinically classified as macrolide-sensitive MP, macrolide-less effective MP (MLEP), and macrolide-refractory MP (MRMP) based on fever duration after initiation of macrolide treatment, regardless of the results of in vitro macrolide sensitivity tests. RESULTS: MP and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) were the two most commonly identified pathogens of CAP. With the two epidemics of MP pneumonia (2011 and 2015), the rates of clinical MLEP and MRMP pneumonia showed increasing trends of 36.4% of the total MP pneumonia. In children < 2 years of age, RSV (34.0%) was the most common cause of CAP, followed by MP (9.4%); however, MP was the most common cause of CAP in children aged 2-18 years of age (45.3%). Systemic corticosteroid was most commonly administered for MP pneumonia. The rate of hospitalization in intensive care units was the highest for RSV pneumonia, and ventilator care was most commonly needed in cases of adenovirus pneumonia. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides fundamental data to establish public health policies to decrease the disease burden due to CAP and improve pediatric health.

2.
J Hum Genet ; 65(4): 421-426, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965063

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limited vasculitis, mainly affecting children younger than 5 years old, with accompanying fever and signs of mucocutaneous inflammation. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is the standard treatment for KD; however, ~15% of patients are resistant to IVIG treatment. To identify protein coding genetic variants influencing IVIG resistance, we re-analyzed our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from 296 patients with KD, including 101 IVIG non-responders and 195 IVIG responders. Five nonsynonymous SNPs (nsSNPs) in five immune-related genes, including a previously reported SAMD9L nsSNP (rs10488532; p.Val266Ile), were associated with IVIG non-response (odds ratio [OR] = 1.89-3.46, P = 0.0109-0.0035). In a replication study of the four newly-identified nsSNPs, only one in the interleukin 16 (IL16) gene (rs11556218, p.Asn1147Lys) showed a trend of association with IVIG non-response (OR = 1.54, P = 0.0078). The same IL16 nsSNP was more significantly associated with IVIG non-response in combined analysis of all data (OR = 1.64, P = 1.25 × 10-4). Furthermore, risk allele combination of the IL16 CT and SAMD9L TT nsSNP genotypes exhibited a very strong effect size (OR = 9.19, P = 3.63 × 10-4). These results implicate IL16 as involved in the mechanism of IVIG resistance in KD.

3.
Pharmacogenomics J ; 20(1): 80-86, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971808

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis affecting infants and children; it manifests as fever and signs of mucocutaneous inflammation. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment effectively attenuates the fever and systemic inflammation. However, 10-20% patients are unresponsive to IVIG. To identify genetic variants influencing IVIG non-response in KD, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a replication study were performed using a total of 148 IVIG non-responders and 845 IVIG-responders in a Korean population. rs28662 in the sterile alpha motif domain-containing protein 9-like (SAMD9L) locus showed the most significant result in the joint analysis of GWAS and replication samples (odds ratio (OR) = 3.47, P = 1.39 × 10-5). The same SNP in the SAMD9L locus was tested in the Japanese population, and it revealed a more significant association in a meta-analysis with Japanese data (OR = 4.30, P = 5.30 × 10-6). These results provide new insights into the mechanism of IVIG response in KD.

5.
Korean J Pediatr ; 62(4): 119-123, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999718

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis that mainly affects younger children. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistant cases are at increasing risk for coronary artery complications. The strategy on prediction of potential nonresponders and treatment of IVIG-resistant patients is now controversial. In this review the definition and predictors of IVIG-resistant KD and current evidence to guide management are discussed.

6.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(3): 483-488, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30267110

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a self-limiting systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. KD is often complicated by coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs), which develop in about 20-25% of untreated children and 3-5% of children treated with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. To identify the risk loci for CAA susceptibility in patients with KD, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using our previous Illumina HumanOmni1-Quad BeadChip data (296 KD patients) and a new replication study in an independent sample set (713 KD patients) by grouping KD patients without CAA (control) versus KD patients with extremely large aneurysms (diameter ≥ 5 mm) (case). Among 44 candidate single -nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) selected from the initial GWAS data (33 cases vs. 215 controls), a SNP (rs899162) located 7 kb upstream of the TIFAB gene on chromosome five was replicated in an independent sample (12 cases vs. 532 controls). In the combined analysis (45 cases vs. 747 controls), the SNP (rs899162) showed a highly significant association with CAA formation (diameter ≥ 5 mm) in patients with KD (odds ratio = 3.20, 95% confidence interval = 2.02-5.05, Pcombined = 1.95 × 10-7). These results indicate that the TIFAB gene may act as a CAA susceptibility locus in patients with KD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Coronário/genética , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/complicações , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Aneurisma Coronário/etiologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
Korean Circ J ; 49(1): 99-108, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) are clinically heterogeneous because its diagnosis is based solely on clinical observation and there are no definitive biomarkers. We dissected the clinical heterogeneity of KD patients using the KD-associated genetic variants. METHODS: We performed a genetic association analysis in several KD subgroups categorized by clinical characteristics using the KD-associated variants of the B lymphoid tyrosine kinase (BLK; rs6993775) and Fc gamma receptor II a (FCGR2A; rs1801274) in a large number of case (n=1,011) and control (n=4,533) samples. RESULTS: BLK and FCGR2A were very significantly associated with KD in Korean KD patients (odds ratio [OR],1.48; p=4.63×10⁻¹¹ for BLK, and OR, 1.26; p=1.42×10⁻4 for FCGR2A). However, in KD subgroup analysis, we found that neither BLK nor FCGR2A were associated with either incomplete Kawasaki disease (iKD) type patients or those older than 5 years of age (p>0.2), suggesting that patients with iKD or those older than 5 years of age are a unique subgroup of KD. In genetic association analysis after excluding iKD patients and those older than 5 years old, we found that BLK was associated with all KD subgroups, whereas FCGR2A was specifically associated with male KD patients younger than 1 year of age (OR, 2.22; p=2.35×10⁻5). CONCLUSIONS: KD is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease. These findings will provide new insights into the clinical and genetic heterogeneity of KD.

8.
Korean Circ J ; 49(2): 183-191, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the status of infliximab use in intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-resistant Kawasaki disease (KD) patients and the incidence of coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) according to treatment regimens. METHODS: Between March 2010 and February 2017, 16 hospitals participated in this study. A total of 102 (32.3±19.9 months, 72 males) who received infliximab at any time after first IVIG treatment failure were enrolled. Data were retrospectively collected using a questionnaire. RESULTS: Subjects were divided into two groups according to the timing of infliximab administration. Early treatment (group 1) had shorter fever duration (10.5±4.4 days) until infliximab infusion than that in late treatment (group 2) (16.4±4.5 days; p<0.001). We investigated the response rate to infliximab and the incidence of significant CAA (z-score >5). Overall response rate to infliximab was 89/102 (87.3%) and the incidence of significant CAA was lower in group 1 than in group 2 (1/42 [2.4%] vs. 17/60 [28.3%], p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the early administration of infliximab may reduce the incidence of significant CAA in patients with IVIG-resistant KD. However, further prospective randomized studies with larger sample sizes are required.

9.
Genomics Inform ; 16(2): 36-41, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304924

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis predominately affecting infants and children. The dominant incidence age of KD is from 6 months to 5 years of age, and the incidence is unusual in those younger than 6 months and older than 5 years of age. We tried to identify genetic variants specifically associated with KD in patients younger than 6 months or older than 5 years of age. We performed an age-stratified genome-wide association study using the Illumina HumanOmni1-Quad BeadChip data (296 cases vs. 1,000 controls) and a replication study (1,360 cases vs. 3,553 controls) in the Korean population. Among 26 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) tested in replication study, only a rare nonsynonymous SNP (rs4365796: c.1106C>T, p.Thr369Met) in the lymphoid enhancer binding factor 1 (LEF1) gene was very significantly associated with KD in patients younger than 6 months of age (odds ratio [OR], 3.07; pcombined = 1.10 × 10-5), whereas no association of the same SNP was observed in any other age group of KD patients. The same SNP (rs4365796) in the LEF1 gene showed the same direction of risk effect in Japanese KD patients younger than 6 months of age, although the effect was not statistically significant (OR, 1.42; p = 0.397). This result indicates that the LEF1 gene may play an important role as a susceptibility gene specifically affecting KD patients younger than 6 months of age.

11.
Korean Circ J ; 48(1): 71-79, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29171205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately 10-15% of children with Kawasaki disease (KD) do not respond to initial intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and have higher risk for coronary artery lesion (CAL). The aim of this study was to identify predictive factors from laboratory findings in patients who do not respond to IVIG treatment and develop CAL from KD. METHODS: We retrospectively collected nationwide multicenter data from the Korean Society of Kawasaki Disease and included 5,151 patients with KD between 2012 and 2014 from 38 hospitals. RESULTS: Among 5,151 patients with KD, 524 patients belonged to the IVIG-resistant group. The patients in the IVIG-resistant group had a significantly higher serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level (1,573.91±3,166.46 vs. 940.62±2,326.10 pg/mL; p<0.001) and a higher percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) (70.89±15.75% vs. 62.38±32.94%; p<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that significantly increased PMN, NT-proBNP, C-reactive protein (CRP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were the predictors of IVIG resistance (p<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analyses also showed that only CRP was associated with the risk of CAL (p<0.01), while PMN, NT-proBNP, AST, and ALT were not. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated PMN, serum NT-proBNP, CRP, AST, and ALT levels are significantly associated with IVIG resistance in patients with KD. Moreover, serum CRP is significantly increased in patients with KD with CAL.

12.
J Hum Genet ; 62(12): 1023-1029, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28855716

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD), a systemic vasculitis of infants and children, manifests as fever and mucocutaneous inflammation. Although its etiology is largely unknown, the epidemiological data suggest that genetic factors are important in KD susceptibility. To identify genetic variants influencing KD susceptibility, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and replication study using a total of 915 children with KD and 4553 controls in the Korean population. Six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three loci were associated significantly with KD susceptibility (P<1.0 × 10-5), including the previously reported BLK locus (rs6993775, odds ratio (OR)=1.52, P=2.52 × 10-11). The other two loci were newly identified: NMNAT2 on chromosome 1q25.3 (rs2078087, OR=1.33, P=1.15 × 10-6) and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region on chromosome 6p21.3 (HLA-C, HLA-B, MICA and HCP5) (rs9380242, rs9378199, rs9266669 and rs6938467; OR=1.33-1.51, P=8.93 × 10-6 to 5.24 × 10-8). Additionally, SNP rs17280682 in NLRP14 was associated significantly with KD with a family history (18 cases vs 4553 controls, OR=6.76, P=5.46 × 10-6). These results provide new insights into the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of KD.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Nicotinamida-Nucleotídeo Adenililtransferase/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Criança , Loci Gênicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/fisiopatologia , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/genética , Razão de Chances , República da Coreia
13.
PLoS One ; 12(9): e0184248, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28886140

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis that can potentially cause coronary artery aneurysms in some children. KD occurs approximately 1.5 times more frequently in males than in females. To identify sex-specific genetic variants that are involved in KD pathogenesis in children, we performed a sex-stratified genome-wide association study (GWAS), using the Illumina HumanOmni1-Quad BeadChip data (249 cases and 1,000 controls) and a replication study for the 34 sex-specific candidate SNPs in an independent sample set (671 cases and 3,553 controls). Male-specific associations were detected in three common variants: rs1801274 in FCGR2A [odds ratio (OR) = 1.40, P = 9.31 × 10-5], rs12516652 in SEMA6A (OR = 1.87, P = 3.12 × 10-4), and rs5771303 near IL17REL (OR = 1.57, P = 2.53 × 10-5). The male-specific association of FCGR2A, but not SEMA6A and IL17REL, was also replicated in a Japanese population (OR = 1.74, P = 1.04 × 10-4 in males vs. OR = 1.22, P = 0.191 in females). In a meta-analysis with 1,461 cases and 5,302 controls, a very strong association of KD with the nonsynonymous SNP rs1801274 (p.His167Arg, previously assigned as p.His131Arg) in FCGR2A was confirmed in males (OR = 1.48, P = 1.43 × 10-7), but not in the females (OR = 1.17, P = 0.055). The present study demonstrates that p.His167Arg, a KD-associated FCGR2A variant, acts as a susceptibility gene in males only. Overall, the gender differences associated with FCGR2A in KD provide a new insight into KD susceptibility.


Assuntos
Substituição de Aminoácidos , Códon , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de IgG/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Receptores de Interleucina-17/genética , República da Coreia , Semaforinas/genética , Fatores Sexuais
14.
Korean J Pediatr ; 59(2): 80-90, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26958067

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Studies have been conducted to identify predictive factors of resistance to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) for Kawasaki disease (KD). However, the results are conflicting. This study aimed to identify laboratory factors predictive of resistance to high-dose IVIG for KD by performing meta-analysis of available studies using statistical techniques. METHODS: All relevant scientific publications from 2006 to 2014 were identified through PubMed searches. For studies in English on KD and IVIG resistance, predictive factors were included. A meta-analysis was performed that calculated the effect size of various laboratory parameters as predictive factors for IVIG-resistant KD. RESULTS: Twelve studies comprising 2,745 patients were included. Meta-analysis demonstrated significant effect sizes for several laboratory parameters: polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) 0.698 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.469-0.926), C-reactive protein (CRP) 0.375 (95% CI, 0.086-0.663), pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) 0.561 (95% CI, 0.261-0.861), total bilirubin 0.859 (95% CI, 0.582-1.136), alanine aminotransferase (AST) 0.503 (95% CI, 0.313-0.693), aspartate aminotransferase (ALT) 0.436 (95% CI, 0.275-0.597), albumin 0.427 (95% CI, -0.657 to -0.198), and sodium 0.604 (95% CI, -0.839 to -0.370). Particularly, total bilirubin, PMN, sodium, pro-BNP, and AST, in descending numerical order, demonstrated more than a medium effect size. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study, laboratory predictive factors for IVIG-resistant KD included higher total bilirubin, PMN, pro-BNP, AST, ALT, and CRP, and lower sodium and albumin. The presence of several of these predictive factors should alert clinicians to the increased likelihood that the patient may not respond adequately to initial IVIG therapy.

15.
Korean J Pediatr ; 59(12): 477-482, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28194213

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We conducted a study to determine which factors may be useful as predictive markers in identifying Kawasaki disease (KD) patients with a high risk of resistance to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and developing coronary artery lesions (CAL). METHODS: We enrolled 287 patients in acute phase of KD at a single center. The demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: There were 34 patients in the IVIG resistant group. The IVIG resistant group had significantly higher serum N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic protein (NT-proBNP) levels (P<0.01) and polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) percentage (P<0.01) in comparison to the IVIG responders. The results yielded sensitivity (78.8%, 60.6%), specificity (58.2%, 90%) and cutoff value (628.6 pg/mL, 80.3%) of NT-proBNP and PMN respectively, in predicting IVIG resistance. Despite IVIG administration, 13 of the 287 patients developed CAL. The patients in the CAL group had higher NT-proBNP levels (P<0.01) and higher PMN percentage (P<0.01). In these patients, the results yielded sensitivity (73.3%, 56.7%), specificity (67.9%, 88.9%) and cutoff value (853.4 pg/mL, 80.3%) of NT-proBNP and PMN respectively, for predicting CAL. The area under the curve (AUC) for predicting resistance to IVIG was NT-proBNP 0.712, PMN 0.802. The AUC for predicting CAL was NT-proBNP 0.739, and PMN 0.773. CONCLUSION: Serum NT-proBNP levels and PMN percentage were significantly elevated in patients with KD with IVIG resistance and CAL. Thus, they may be useful predicting markers for IVIG resistance and development of CAL in KD patients.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(36): 23496-502, 2015 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26293115

RESUMO

A ZnO-MnO composite was synthesized using a simple solvothermal method combined with a high-temperature treatment. To observe the phase change during the heating process, in situ high-temperature XRD analysis was performed under vacuum conditions. The results indicated that ZnMn2O4 transformed into the ZnO-MnO composite phase starting from 500 °C and that this composite structure was retained until 700 °C. The electrochemical performances of the ZnO-MnO composite electrode were evaluated through galvanostatic discharge-charge tests and cyclic voltammetry analysis. Its initial coulombic efficiency was significantly improved to 68.3% compared to that of ZnMn2O4 at 54.7%. Furthermore, the ZnO-MnO composite exhibited improved cycling performance and enhanced rate capability compared with untreated ZnMn2O4. To clarify the discharge-charge mechanism of the ZnO-MnO composite electrode, the structural changes during the charge and discharge processes were also investigated using ex situ XRD and TEM.

17.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 36(2): 438-44, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25266886

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute self-limiting form of vasculitis that afflicts infants and children and manifests as fever and signs of mucocutaneous inflammation. Children with KD show various laboratory inflammatory abnormalities, such as elevations in their white blood cell (WBC) count, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). We here performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 178 KD patients to identify the genetic loci that influence 10 important KD laboratory markers: WBC count, neutrophil count, platelet count, CRP, ESR, hemoglobin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), albumin, and total protein. A total of 165 loci passed our arbitrary stage 1 threshold for replication (p < 1 × 10(-5)). Of these, only 2 SNPs (rs12068753 and rs4786091) demonstrated a significant association with the CRP level in replication study of 473 KD patients (p < 0.05). The SNP located at the CRP locus (rs12068753) demonstrated the most significant association with CRP in KD patients (beta = 4.73 and p = 1.20 × 10(-6) according to the stage 1 GWAS; beta = 3.65 and p = 1.35 × 10(-8) according to the replication study; beta = 3.97 and p = 1.11 × 10(-13) according to combined analysis) and explained 8.1% of the phenotypic variation observed. However, this SNP did not demonstrate any significant association with CRP in the general population (beta = 0.37 and p = 0.1732) and only explained 0.1% of the phenotypic variation in this instance. Furthermore, rs12068753 did not affect the development of coronary artery lesions or intravenous immunoglobulin resistance in KD patients. These results indicate that common variants in the CRP promoter can play an important role in the CRP levels in KD.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/genética , Loci Gênicos/fisiologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , NADPH Oxidases/deficiência , Contagem de Plaquetas , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Albumina Sérica/análise
18.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 33(1): 24-7, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24064559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the recent epidemiologic features of Kawasaki disease (KD) in South Korea from the nationwide survey conducted between 2009 and 2011. METHODS: We collected data regarding the incidence, symptoms, treatment and coronary complications associated with acute KD by sending questionnaires to the 100 hospitals that have pediatric residency programs from 2009 to 2011. RESULTS: We received complete responses from 73 hospitals and partial responses from 14 hospitals. A total of 13,031 patients of KD were reported from the 87 hospitals (3941 in 2009, 4635 in 2010 and 4455 in 2011). The male to female ratio was 1.44:1, and the median age at diagnosis was 28 months. From the questionnaires with complete responses, we noted that the incidence of KD per 100,000 children <5 years of age was 115.4 in 2009, 132.9 in 2010 and 134.4 in 2011 (average rate, 127.7). KD occurred more frequently during summer (June, July and August) and during winter (December and January). The recurrence rate was 3.83%. The standard dose of intravenous immunoglobulin was administered to 93.6% of the patients, and nonresponder rate was 11.6%. Coronary aneurysm occurred in 1.9% of the patients and giant aneurysm developed in 26 patients (0.26%) over 3 years, and 2 patients had myocardial infarction. No mortality was reported. CONCLUSIONS: The average annual incidence of KD in South Korea has continuously increased to 134.4 per 100,000 children <5 years of age in 2011, which is the second highest incidence of KD worldwide, following its incidence in Japan.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/tratamento farmacológico , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Korean Med Sci ; 28(8): 1169-73, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23960443

RESUMO

Turner syndrome is well known to be associated with significant cardiovascular abnormalities. This paper studied the incidence of cardiovascular abnormalities in asymptomatic adolescent patients with Turner syndrome using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) instead of echocardiography. Twenty subjects diagnosed with Turner syndrome who had no cardiac symptoms were included. Blood pressure and electrocardiography (ECG) was checked. Cardiovascular abnormalities were checked by MDCT. According to the ECG results, 11 had a prolonged QTc interval, 5 had a posterior fascicular block, 3 had a ventricular conduction disorder. MDCT revealed vascular abnormalities in 13 patients (65%). Three patients had an aberrant right subclavian artery, 2 had dilatation of left subclavian artery, and others had an aortic root dilatation, aortic diverticulum, and abnormal left vertebral artery. As for venous abnormalities, 3 patients had partial anomalous pulmonary venous return and 2 had a persistent left superior vena cava. This study found cardiovascular abnormalities in 65% of asymptomatic Turner syndrome patients using MDCT. Even though, there are no cardiac symptoms in Turner syndrome patients, a complete evaluation of the heart with echocardiography or MDCT at transition period to adults must be performed.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Turner/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Pressão Sanguínea , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/complicações , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Prevalência , Síndrome de Turner/complicações , Síndrome de Turner/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Malformações Vasculares/epidemiologia , Artéria Vertebral/anormalidades , Adulto Jovem
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 15(28): 11691-5, 2013 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23753000

RESUMO

Germanium-tin (Ge(1-x)Sn(x)) alloy nanocrystals were synthesized using a gas-phase laser photolysis reaction of tetramethyl germanium and tetramethyl tin. A composition tuning was achieved using the partial pressure of precursors in a closed reactor. For x < 0.1, cubic phase alloy nanocrystals were exclusively produced without separation of the tetragonal phase Sn metal. In the range of x = 0.1-0.4, unique Ge(1-x)Sn(x)-Sn alloy-metal hetero-junction nanocrystals were synthesized, where the Sn metal domain becomes dominant with x. Thin graphitic carbon layers usually sheathed the nanocrystals. We investigated the composition-dependent electrochemical properties of these nanocrystals as anode materials of lithium ion batteries. Incorporation of Sn (x = 0.05) significantly increased the capacities (1010 mA h g(-1) after 50 cycles) and rate capabilities, which promises excellent electrode materials for the development of high-performance lithium batteries.

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