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1.
Int J Biol Markers ; : 1724600819884722, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of programmed death-1 (PD-1), programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), and P16 in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: A total of 95 paraffin-embedded samples of tumorous tissue of HNSCC were collected. Expression levels of PD-1, PD-L1, and P16 were determined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: A significantly higher proportion of PD-1 among patients infected with the human papillomavirus was found. PD-L1 expression is closely associated with the primary site of the tumor, postoperative recurrence, survival, PD-1 expression and P16 expression. Univariable analysis indicated that T stage, N stage, tumor node metastasis stage, tumor differentiation, and PD-L1 expression were all shown to be prognostic variables for overall survival in patients with HNSCC. In the multivariate analysis, only N stage (P = 0.010) and PD-L1 expression (P = 0.001) were found to be independent prognostic variables for overall survival. In addition, for disease recurrence, multivariate analysis showed that only PD-L1 expression was the associated independent risk factor. For the patients with negative PD-L1 expression, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that they had significantly worse outcomes in terms of overall survival (P = 0.001). Similarly, compared with the patients with positive PD-L1 expression, those with negative PD-L1 expression had a higher probability of recurrence (P = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of PD-L1, PD-1, and P16 in HNSCC is significantly correlated. Human papillomavirus infection (P16 positive) is negatively related to postoperative recurrence. HNSCC patients with positive PD-L1/PD-1 expression tend to have better overall survival outcomes and lower probability of recurrence, providing more evidence for the PD-l-targeted immunotherapy of HNSCC.

2.
World J Pediatr ; 2019 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNA-29b (miR-29b) has been suggested to possess pro-inflammatory activity, which can partially be explained by the repression of tumor necrosis factor alpha protein three antibody (TNFAIP3). Meanwhile, it also promotes thyroid cell proliferation via Smad signaling pathways. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of miR-29b in Henoch Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and its underlying molecular mechanism in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced human glomerular mesangial cell (HGMC) activation. METHODS: We evaluated miR-29b expression in 35 HSPN renal tissues based on crescent formation, glomerular sclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, thrombosis formation and capillary loop necrosis. Meanwhile, HGMCs were cultured, treated with Ang II and then transfected with LV-hsa-miR-29b-1 to induce miR-29b overexpression or LV-hsa-miR-29b-3p-inhibition to inhibit miR-29b expression. Finally, we examined the effects of miR-29b on cell proliferation and release of inflammatory mediators. RESULTS: We observed that miR-29b expression was significantly higher in the crescent group than in the no crescent group. MiR-29b overexpression induced the release of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, IL-8, the increase of CyclinA2, CyclinD1, and cell proliferation. It also could inhibit the expressions of TNFAIP3 and NF-kappa-B-repressing factor (NKRF). Correspondingly, miR-29b inhibition produced the opposite effects and increased the expression of TNFAIP3 and NKRF. CONCLUSION: MiR-29b expression is altered in crescent formation of HSPN and accelerates Ang II-induced mesangial cell proliferation and release of inflammatory mediators.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Levosimendan, a calcium sensitizer and potassium channel opener, has been demonstrated to improve myocardial function without increasing oxygen consumption and to show protective effects in other organs. Recently, a prospective, randomized controlled trial (RCT) revealed an association between levosimendan use and a possible increased risk of bleeding postoperatively. Levosimendan's anti-platelet effects have been shown in in vitro studies. Current studies do not provide sufficient data to support a relation between perioperative levosimendan administration and increased bleeding risk. PURPOSE: Our goal was to investigate the relation between perioperative levosimendan administration and increased bleeding risk using a meta-analysis study design. METHODS: The PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant RCTs before July 1, 2019. The outcome parameters included reoperation secondary to increased bleeding in the postoperative period, the amount of postoperative recorded blood loss, and the need for transfusion of packed red blood cells (RBCs) and other blood products. RESULTS: A total of 1160 patients in nine RCTs (576 in the levosimendan group and 584 in the control group) were included according to our inclusion criteria. Analysis showed that perioperative levosimendan administration neither increased the rate of reoperation secondary to bleeding nor increased the amount of postoperative chest tube drainage when compared with the control group. In terms of blood product transfusion, levosimendan did not influence the requirement for RBC transfusion, platelet transfusion nor fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusion. Levosimendan also did not shorten or prolong the aortic cross-clamp time or the cardiopulmonary bypass time. CONCLUSION: The analyzed parameters, including reoperations due to bleeding, postoperative chest drainage and the requirement for blood products, revealed that levosimendan did not increase postoperative bleeding risk. More studies with a larger sample size are needed to address a more reliable conclusion due to study limitations.

4.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(8): 1157-1170, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523179

RESUMO

Background: Current opinion suggests that expansion of cancer stem cells (CSCs) and activation of pro-tumoral inflammation cascade correlate with cancer progression. Materials and methods: We explored the possible contributions of MRC-5 cancer-associated fibroblasts to the expression profiles of CSC markers and inflammation-associated cell surface molecules. The liver cancer cell lines Bel-7402, SMMC-7721, MHCC-LM3, and HepG2 cultured in conditioned medium (CM) from MRC-5 served as test groups, whereas the liver cancer cell lines cultured in normal medium served as control groups. Results: Flow cytometry revealed that the proportions of CD90+ cells were significantly higher in MHCC-LM3-(MRC-5)-CM and HepG2-(MRC-5)-CM cells, and moderately higher in Bel-7402-(MRC-5)-CM and SMMC-7721-(MRC-5)-CM cells, than in controls. The CD90+/CD45- proportions were elevated in Bel-7402-(MRC-5)-CM and MHCC-LM3-(MRC-5)-CM cells, but reduced in HepG2-(MRC-5)-CM and SMMC-7721-(MRC-5)-CM cells, as compared to controls. Western blotting indicated that Nanog was downregulated in MHCC-LM3-(MRC-5)-CM and HepG2-(MRC-5)-CM cells, compared to controls; that POU5F1 (OCT4/3) was downregulated in MHCC-LM3-(MRC-5)-CM, but upregulated in Bel-7402-(MRC-5)-CM and HepG2-(MRC-5)-CM cells, compared to controls, and that CK19 was upregulated in Bel-7402-(MRC-5)-CM and MHCC-LM3-(MRC-5)-CM cells, compared to controls. Proportions of cells expressing Toll-like receptor-1+ (TLR1) and TLR4 were significantly higher in MHCC-LM3-(MRC-5)-CM cells, and moderately higher in HepG2-(MRC-5)-CM cells, than controls. However, the TLR1+ and TLR4+ proportions were lower in Bel-7402-(MRC-5)-CM and SMMC-7721-(MRC-5)-CM cells than controls. Proportions of CD25+ cells were reduced in HepG2-(MRC-5)-CM and SMMC-7721-(MRC-5)-CM cells, but elevated in MHCC-LM3-(MRC-5)-CM and Bel-7402-(MRC-5)-CM cells, compared to controls. Proportion of CD61+ cells was higher in liver cancer cells cultured in MRC-5-CM than in controls. Proportion of CD14+ cells was lower in HCC cells cultured in MRC-5-CM than in controls. Conclusion: MRC-5 extensively affected the production of CSC markers and inflammation-associated cell surface molecules. Tumor-targeting molecular therapies should consider these findings.

5.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(9): e876, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lowe syndrome is a rare X-linked syndrome that is characterized by involvement of the eyes, central nervous system, and kidneys. The aim of the present study was to determine the molecular basis of four patients with congenital cataract, infantile congenital hypotonia, and proximal renal tubular defect. METHODS: Four children who met the clinical manifestations of Lowe syndrome were enrolled in this study. Patients' clinical information on eyes, central nervous system, kidneys, and family histories, etc., were reviewed and analyzed. After obtaining informed consent, we performed a mutation analysis of OCRL gene using direct sequencing. Because of failure of PCR amplification, low coverage shortread whole genome sequencing (CNVseq) analysis was performed on one proband. Real-time PCR was subsequently performed to confirm the CNV that was detected from the CNVseq results. RESULTS: We identified three OCRL allelic variants, including two novel missense mutations (c.1423C>T/p.Pro475Ser, c.1502T>G/p.Ile501Ser) and one recurrent nonsense mutation (c.2464C>T/p.Arg822Ter). Various bioinformatic tools revealed scores associated with potential pathogenic effects for the two missense variants, and protein alignments revealed that both variants affected an amino acid highly conserved among species. Since deletion of the entire gene was suspected in a patient, CNVseq was used, identifying an interstitial deletion to approximately 190 kb, encompassing OCRL, and SMARCA1 gene. Moreover, the hemizygous CNV was confirmed by qPCR. Reviewing another case reported in the literature, we found that the deletion of OCRL and nearby genes may contribute to a more severe phenotype and premature death. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of an interstitial deletion encompassing OCRL and SMARCA1 gene in Lowe syndrome. Our results expand the spectrum of mutations of the OCRL gene in Chinese population. Moreover, whole-genome sequencing presents a comprehensive and reliable approach for detecting genomic copy number variation in patients or carriers in the family with rare inherited disorders.

6.
Cereb Cortex ; 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364696

RESUMO

Scores on intelligence tests are strongly predictive of various important life outcomes. However, the gender discrepancy on intelligence quotient (IQ) prediction using brain imaging variables has not been studied. To this aim, we predicted individual IQ scores for males and females separately using whole-brain functional connectivity (FC). Robust predictions of intellectual capabilities were achieved across three independent data sets (680 subjects) and two intelligence measurements (IQ and fluid intelligence) using the same model within each gender. Interestingly, we found that intelligence of males and females were underpinned by different neurobiological correlates, which are consistent with their respective superiority in cognitive domains (visuospatial vs verbal ability). In addition, the identified FC patterns are uniquely predictive on IQ and its sub-domain scores only within the same gender but neither for the opposite gender nor on the IQ-irrelevant measures such as temperament traits. Moreover, females exhibit significantly higher IQ predictability than males in the discovery cohort. This findings facilitate our understanding of the biological basis of intelligence by demonstrating that intelligence is underpinned by a variety of complex neural mechanisms that engage an interacting network of regions-particularly prefrontal-parietal and basal ganglia-whereas the network pattern differs between genders.

7.
EBioMedicine ; 47: 543-552, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current fMRI-based classification approaches mostly use functional connectivity or spatial maps as input, instead of exploring the dynamic time courses directly, which does not leverage the full temporal information. METHODS: Motivated by the ability of recurrent neural networks (RNN) in capturing dynamic information of time sequences, we propose a multi-scale RNN model, which enables classification between 558 schizophrenia and 542 healthy controls by using time courses of fMRI independent components (ICs) directly. To increase interpretability, we also propose a leave-one-IC-out looping strategy for estimating the top contributing ICs. FINDINGS: Accuracies of 83·2% and 80·2% were obtained respectively for the multi-site pooling and leave-one-site-out transfer classification. Subsequently, dorsal striatum and cerebellum components contribute the top two group-discriminative time courses, which is true even when adopting different brain atlases to extract time series. INTERPRETATION: This is the first attempt to apply a multi-scale RNN model directly on fMRI time courses for classification of mental disorders, and shows the potential for multi-scale RNN-based neuroimaging classifications. FUND: Natural Science Foundation of China, the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Institutes of Health Grants, National Science Foundation.

8.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(16): 6358-6370, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437127

RESUMO

GP IIb/IIIa receptor activation plays an important role in thrombosis. The mechanism of early activation of GP IIb/IIIa receptors in diabetic conditions remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the release of Endothelial microparticle (EMP)-associated protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) after endothelial cell injury induced in diabetes and the changes in platelet activation. We produced an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus using ApoE-/- mice. Normal ApoE-/- and diabetic mice were allocated to four groups (n = 15): normal diet, normal diet plus rutin, diabetic, and diabetes plus rutin. The EMP-PDI content and GP IIb/IIIa expression of mice platelets were determined. In addition, EMPs obtained from the four groups were pretreated with the PDI inhibitor rutin; then, their effects on the platelets of normal C57 mice were characterized. Compared with the normal diet group, the diabetic group had significantly increased plasma EMP-PDI content and accelerated platelet activation by increased GP IIb/IIIa expression. In conclusion, EMP-PDI promotes early platelet activation through glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptors present on platelet surface in the diabetic state. However, this process could be partially suppressed by the administration of rutin.

9.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 352(8): e1800313, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330092

RESUMO

A novel series of benzoxazole derivatives containing 1,2,4-triazolone (5a-m) was designed. These compounds were synthesized in order to screen their anticonvulsant activities by the maximal electroshock seizure (MES) model and the subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (sc-PTZ) seizure model in mice. The rotarod test was used to evaluate their neurotoxicities. Most of the compounds showed anti-MES activities at 100 and 300 mg/kg. Compound 5f, which showed potential anticonvulsant activity in the MES model with ED50 values of 22.0 mg/kg, was considered as the most promising one in this study. It exhibited greater safety than that of carbamazepine and valproate regarding neurotoxicity. The efficacy of compound 5f in inhibiting the tonic seizures and death induced by the convulsants 3-mercaptopropionic acid and BIC was also verified. In an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, compound 5f and the positive drug phenytoin significantly increased the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level in the mouse brain. Further, pretreatment with an inhibitor of the GABA synthesizing enzyme dramatically raised the ED50 value of 5f in the MES model. These results confirmed that the compound 5f plays its anticonvulsive action via regulating the GABA function in the brain. Also, a docking study of the compound 5f in the benzodiazepine (BZD) binding site of the GABAA receptor confirmed possible binding of the compound 5f with BZD receptors.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 692: 441-449, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351288

RESUMO

The mechanisms underlying nutrient-induced diversity-stability relationships have been examined extensively. However, the effects of nutrient-induced shifts of dominant species on ecosystem stability have rarely been evaluated. We compiled a dataset from a long-term nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) enrichment experiment conducted in an alpine grassland on the Tibetan Plateau to test the effects of nutrient-induced shifts of dominant species on stability. Our results show that N enrichment increased synchrony among the dominant species, which contributed to a significant increase in synchrony of the whole community. Meanwhile, N-induced shifts in dominant species composition significantly increased population variability. Increases in species synchrony and population variability resulted in a decline in ecosystem stability. Our study has important implications for progress in understanding the role of plant functional compensation in the stability of ecosystem functions, which is critical for better understanding the mechanisms driving both community assembly and ecosystem functions.

11.
Br J Psychiatry ; : 1-8, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder with high heritability and polygenic inheritance. Multimodal neuroimaging studies have also indicated that abnormalities of brain structure and function are a plausible neurobiological characterisation of schizophrenia. However, the polygenic effects of schizophrenia on these imaging endophenotypes have not yet been fully elucidated.AimsTo investigate the effects of polygenic risk for schizophrenia on the brain grey matter volume and functional connectivity, which are disrupted in schizophrenia. METHOD: Genomic and neuroimaging data from a large sample of Han Chinese patients with schizophrenia (N = 509) and healthy controls (N = 502) were included in this study. We examined grey matter volume and functional connectivity via structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, respectively. Using the data from a recent meta-analysis of a genome-wide association study that comprised a large number of Chinese people, we calculated a polygenic risk score (PGRS) for each participant. RESULTS: The imaging genetic analysis revealed that the individual PGRS showed a significantly negative correlation with the hippocampal grey matter volume and hippocampus-medial prefrontal cortex functional connectivity, both of which were lower in the people with schizophrenia than in the controls. We also found that the observed neuroimaging measures showed weak but similar changes in unaffected first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that genetically influenced brain grey matter volume and functional connectivity may provide important clues for understanding the pathological mechanisms of schizophrenia and for the early diagnosis of schizophrenia.Declaration of interestNone.

12.
Analyst ; 144(14): 4331-4341, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192319

RESUMO

The diverse characteristics and large number of entities make metabolite separation challenging in metabolomics. To date, there is not a singular instrument capable of analyzing all types of metabolites. In order to achieve a better separation for higher peak capacity and accurate metabolite identification and quantification, we integrated GC × GC-MS and parallel 2DLC-MS for analysis of polar metabolites. To test the performance of the developed system, 13 rats were fed different diets to form two animal groups. Polar metabolites extracted from rat livers were analyzed by GC × GC-MS, parallel 2DLC-MS (-) and parallel 2DLC-MS (+), respectively. By integrating all data together, 58 metabolites were detected with significant change in their abundance levels between groups (p≤ 0.05). Of the 58 metabolites, three metabolites were detected in two platforms and two in all three platforms. Manual examination showed that discrepancy of metabolite regulation measured by different platforms was mainly caused by the poor shape of chromatographic peaks resulting from low instrument response. Pathway analysis demonstrated that integrating the results from multiple platforms increased the confidence of metabolic pathway assignment.

13.
N Engl J Med ; 380(22): 2116-2125, 2019 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2017, surveillance for tickborne diseases in China led to the identification of a patient who presented to a hospital in Inner Mongolia with a febrile illness that had an unknown cause. The clinical manifestation of the illness was similar to that of tickborne encephalitis virus (TBEV) infection, but neither TBEV RNA nor antibodies against the virus were detected. METHODS: We obtained a blood specimen from the index patient and attempted to isolate and identify a causative pathogen, using genome sequence analysis and electron microscopy. We also initiated a heightened surveillance program in the same hospital to screen for other patients who presented with fever, headache, and a history of tick bites. We used reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) and cell-culture assays to detect the pathogen and immunofluorescence and neutralization assays to determine the levels of virus-specific antibodies in serum specimens from the patients. RESULTS: We found that the index patient was infected with a previously unknown segmented RNA virus, which we designated Alongshan virus (ALSV) and which belongs to the jingmenvirus group of the family Flaviviridae. ALSV infection was confirmed by RT-PCR assay in 86 patients from Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang who presented with fever, headache, and a history of tick bites. Serologic assays showed that seroconversion had occurred in all 19 patients for whom specimens were available from the acute phase and the convalescent phase of the illness. CONCLUSIONS: A newly discovered segmented virus was found to be associated with a febrile illness in northeastern China. (Funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.).


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/virologia , Flaviviridae/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Flaviviridae/classificação , Flaviviridae/genética , Flaviviridae/ultraestrutura , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Avaliação de Sintomas , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/complicações , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/epidemiologia , Carrapatos/virologia
14.
J Transcult Nurs ; : 1043659619841672, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30983517

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Based on the current medical environment in China, this study developed a WeChat-based health education program for parents of children undergoing day surgery herniorrhaphy and evaluated the users' satisfaction of its usage by adapting the technology acceptance model. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive quantitative online design with a researcher-developed Satisfaction Questionnaire was used to survey 198 users in the university-affiliated hospital in China. RESULTS: The users were generally satisfied with the program. The users living in urban areas obtained higher satisfaction (ß coefficient = 1.763, p = .006). The users who were satisfied showed high intention to recommend WeChat to other parents. DISCUSSION: In general, WeChat users found the educational program useful, and similar educational intervention can be expanded to other areas in China.

15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(6): 4179-4195, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955247

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a chronic inflammatory disease triggered by disordered metabolism. Recent studies suggested that protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) could ameliorate metabolic disorders and suppress inflammatory responses. This study investigated PTPN2's role in modulating DN and the possible cellular mechanisms involved. In a mouse model combining hyperglycaemia and hypercholesterolaemia (streptozotocin diabetic, ApoE-/- mice), mice showed severe insulin resistance, renal dysfunction, micro-inflammation, subsequent extracellular matrix expansion and decreased expression of PTPN2. We found that mice treated with PTPN2 displayed reduced serum creatinine, serum BUN and proteinuria. PTPN2 gene therapy markedly attenuated metabolic disorders and hyperglycaemia. In addition, PTPN2 gene transfer significantly suppressed renal activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT), STAT-dependent pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic genes expression, and influx of lymphocytes in DN, indicating anti-inflammatory effects of PTPN2 by inhibiting the activation of STAT signalling pathway in vivo. Furthermore, PTPN2 overexpression inhibited the high-glucose induced phosphorylation of STAT, target genes expression and proliferation in mouse mesangial and tubuloepithelial cells, suggesting that the roles of PTPN2 on STAT activation was independent of glycaemic changes. Our results demonstrated that PTPN2 gene therapy could exert protective effects on DN via ameliorating metabolic disorders and inhibiting renal STAT-dependent micro-inflammation, suggesting its potential role for treatment of human DN.

16.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 20(6): 750-759, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900950

RESUMO

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a lethal disease with suboptimal survival outcomes. In this study, we aimed to find an independent prognostic factor of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and investigate its effect on tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration progress and cell cycle phase. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) is an analysis method for mining module information in chip data through soft threshold. In this article, it was used to divide differential genes into different modules and determined the ten hub genes. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) analyses as well as univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to figure out HMGA2 as the independent prognostic factor. RT-qPCR and western blot results revealed the HMGA2 expression levels. Via colony formation, flow cytometry and wound healing assays, we tested the involvement of HMGA2 knockdown in corresponding cancer cell biological behaviors. HMGA2 level was up-regulated in HNSCC tissues and cell lines (SCC-25 and FaDu) in comparison with their normal counterparts. HMGA2 knockdown decreased cancer cell proliferation, promoted cell apoptosis, blocked cell cycle at G0/G1 phase, and inhibited cell migration. We regarded HMGA2 as a potential diagnostic and therapeutic target of HNSCC.

17.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 30(6): 987-1000, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30847833

RESUMO

We report a reverse phase chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method for simultaneous quantification of nucleosides and nucleotides from biological samples, where compound identification was achieved by a tier-wise approach and compound quantification was achieved via external calibration. A total of 65 authentic standards of nucleosides and nucleotides were used for the platform development. The limit of detection (LOD) of those compounds ranged from 0.05 nmol/L to 1.25 µmol/L, and their limit of quantification (LOQ) ranged from 0.10 nmol/L to 2.50 µmol/L. Using the developed method, nucleosides and nucleotides from human plasma, human urine, and rat liver were quantified. Seventy-nine nucleosides and nucleotides were identified from human urine and 28 of them were quantified with concentrations of 13.0 nmol/L-151 µmol/L. Fifty-five nucleosides and nucleotides were identified from human plasma and 22 of them were quantified with concentrations of 1.21 nmol/L-8.54 µmol/L. Fifty-one nucleosides and nucleotides were identified from rat liver and 23 were quantified with concentrations of 1.03 nmol/L-31.7 µmol/L. These results demonstrate that the developed method can be used to investigate the concentration change of nucleosides and nucleotides in biological samples for the purposes of biomarker discovery or elucidation of disease mechanisms.

18.
Exp Gerontol ; 119: 128-137, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30710682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgen has been implicated in aging-related cardiac remodeling, but its precise role in aging heart remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the role of testosterone in the development of aging-related cardiac remodeling and the mechanisms involved. METHODS: Wild type and Axl knockout mice (Axl-/-) were randomized into three groups: the young group (n = 30, 3 months old), the aging group (n = 30, 18 months old), the testosterone undecanoate treatment group (TU, n = 30, 18 months old). Mice in the TU group were given testosterone undecanoate (39 mg/kg) by subcutaneous injection on the back at fifteen-months-old, once a month, a total of three times. The old group received solvent reagent (corn oil) by the same method. RESULTS: The aging mice exhibited a decrease in serum testosterone, and Gas6 levels and an increase in apoptosis, and manifested cardiac fibrosis. Testosterone injection to wild type mice increased the levels of testosterone and Gas6 in serum and decreased cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis. Axl-/-mice receiving testosterone injection exhibited no obvious improvement in cardiac remodeling although the levels of testosterone and Gas6 in serum elevated. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicated that testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) alleviates cardiac fibrosis and apoptosis, at least in part by enhancing Gas6 expression. Moreover, deletion of Axl disables testosterone, which indicated that Axl is an important downstream regulator of testosterone. TRT would improve aging-related cardiac remolding via Gas6/Axl signaling pathway, implicating its therapeutic potential to treat aging-related heart disease.

19.
Oral Oncol ; 89: 14-22, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Obesity is an important risk factor for several malignancies, but its effect on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) prognosis is controversial. We aimed to disclose the association between obesity and the OSCC outcome, and explore the potential of some lipid metabolism-related genes as biomarkers for prognostic prediction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 576 patients diagnosed as T1/2N0M0 OSCC without prediagnosis weight loss was included in this retrospective study. These patients were grouped according to body mass index (BMI). The univariate and multivariate analysis were used to compare the progression-free survival (PFS) and disease specific survival (DSS) between groups. Propensity score matching (PSM) was adopted to minimize confounders. Data from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were employed to analyze the potential of some lipid metabolism-related genes for OSCC prognosis prediction. RESULTS: The PFS (P = 0.023) and DSS (P = 0.047) were poorer in obese patients than in normal weight ones. Obesity was an independent risk factor for PFS (Hazard Ratio = 2.016, 95% Confidence Interval 1.101-3.693, P = 0.023) and DSS (Hazard Ratio = 2.022, 95% Confidence Interval 1.040-3.932, P = 0.038). Furthermore, the PSM matched cohort analysis revealed that obesity was associated with poor prognosis of OSCC patients. Finally, 72 dysregulated lipid metabolism-related genes were identified in OSCC, and a combining signature of TGFB1, SPP1, and SERPINE1 was defined as a biomarker for prognostic prediction. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity is an independent risk factor for T1/2N0M0 OSCC, and a combining signature of TGFB1, SPP1, and SERPINE1 may be applied to predict prognosis of OSCC patients.

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(4): 2627-2635, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720115

RESUMO

MicroRNA (miR)­155 has a crucial role in various cellular functions, including differentiation of hematopoietic cells, immunization, inflammation and cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the roles and mechanisms of miR­155 in treatment­resistant depression (TRD). A Cell Counting Kit­8 assay and flow cytometry were performed to assess the cell viability and apoptosis of microglial cells, respectively. Western blotting and reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays were used to evaluate the associated protein and mRNA expression, respectively. The results revealed that miR­155 reduced the cell viability of BV­2 microglial cells, and miR­155 enhanced the expression levels of pro­inflammatory cytokines in BV­2 microglial cells. Furthermore, conditioned medium from miR­155­treated microglia decreased the cell viability of HT22 hippocampal cells. miR­155­treated microglia increased the apoptosis of neuronal hippocampal cells by modulating the expression levels of apoptosis regulator Bax, apoptosis regulator Bcl­2, pro­caspase­3 and cleaved­caspase­3. The cell cycle distribution was disrupted by miR­155­treated microglia through induction of S phase arrest. Furthermore, the overexpression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 reversed the pro­apoptotic effect of activated microglia on hippocampal neuronal cells. In conclusion, the present results suggested that miR­155 mediated the inflammatory injury in hippocampal neuronal cells by activating the microglial cells. The potential effects of miR­155 on the activation of microglial cells suggest that miR­155 may be an effective target for TRD therapies.


Assuntos
Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Microglia/imunologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Células Piramidais/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/metabolismo
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