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Cell ; 184(7): 1895-1913.e19, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657410


A dysfunctional immune response in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients is a recurrent theme impacting symptoms and mortality, yet a detailed understanding of pertinent immune cells is not complete. We applied single-cell RNA sequencing to 284 samples from 196 COVID-19 patients and controls and created a comprehensive immune landscape with 1.46 million cells. The large dataset enabled us to identify that different peripheral immune subtype changes are associated with distinct clinical features, including age, sex, severity, and disease stages of COVID-19. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA was found in diverse epithelial and immune cell types, accompanied by dramatic transcriptomic changes within virus-positive cells. Systemic upregulation of S100A8/A9, mainly by megakaryocytes and monocytes in the peripheral blood, may contribute to the cytokine storms frequently observed in severe patients. Our data provide a rich resource for understanding the pathogenesis of and developing effective therapeutic strategies for COVID-19.

COVID-19/imunologia , Megacariócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , China , Estudos de Coortes , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/sangue , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
Saudi Med J ; 31(5): 490-4, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20464036


OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether hepatic oval cells are activated in diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced rat liver cirrhosis, and to explore its mechanism. METHODS: Liver cirrhosis was induced in rats (n=8) by weekly intraperitoneal injections of DEN at a dose of 50mg/kg body weight for 12 weeks followed by a 2-week wash out period. Rats (n=5) that received isovolumic vehicle served as the control group. Liver pathology was examined. Apoptotic hepatocytes were identified and quantified by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay. Oval cells were detected using immunohistochemical staining for pyruvate kinase type M2 (M2PK) and cytokeratin 19 (CK19). The work was carried out at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China from February to December 2009. RESULTS: Liver cirrhosis developed in rats subjected to DEN administration. The TUNEL and morphology assay showed that a substantial number of hepatocytes underwent apoptosis. The apoptotic index in rats subjected to DEN administration (0.75 0.15) was much higher than normal control rats (0.10 0.05). Both CK19 and M2PK were moderately expressed in the rat liver cirrhosis, and the expression was dispersed or forming small cords in the liver; but the expression was hardly detected in the liver tissue of normal control rats. CONCLUSION: In the DEN-induced rat liver cirrhosis, oval cells are activated and stimulated to proliferation, the mechanism of which may be related to substantial hepatocyte apoptosis in the model.

Apoptose , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Dietilnitrosamina , Imuno-Histoquímica , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Queratina-19/metabolismo , Masculino , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
World J Gastroenterol ; 11(41): 6549-53, 2005 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16425433


AIM: To investigate the influence of IL-1B-511 gene polymorphism on IL-1B mRNA expression and gastric acid output in individual with or without Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection. METHODS: IL-1B mRNA expression and gastric acid secretion in 117 health volunteers were assayed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR and gastric juice assay, respectively. Pepsinogen (PG) I and II of 255 subjects (including 117 health volunteers) were also examined. RESULTS: T/T genotype individuals with H pylori infection had a more decreased PG I/II ratio. In gastric antrum mucosa, the individuals with H pylori infection had higher IL-1B expression than those without H pylori infection, but there was no obvious difference among each genotype. In gastric corpus, the individuals with H pylori infection had a significantly higher IL-1B expression than those without H pylori infection. IL-1B-511T/T genotype was markedly higher as compared with the other two genotypes. Both maximal acid output and basic acid output were similar among each genotype in IL-1B-511 gene locus, regardless of H pylori infection. CONCLUSION: IL-1B-511 T allele does not decrease gastric acid output, although it has a stimulated influence on IL-1B expression. Consequently, the pathway, through which IL-1B plays a central role in gastric cancer development, might not depend on low acid, but on the other regulation mechanisms.

Ácido Gástrico/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/fisiopatologia , Helicobacter pylori , Interleucina-1/genética , Estômago/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo Genético , Estômago/microbiologia