Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 420
Filtrar
1.
J Affect Disord ; 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Altered global signal (GS) topography features in the resting-state fMRI of major depressive disorder (MDD), showing abnormally strong global signal representation in the default-mode network (DMN). Whether the abnormal local to global change also shapes activity during task states, and how it relates to psychopathological symptoms, e.g., abnormally slow time speed of motor, cognitive, and affective symptoms, remains unknown. METHODS: We investigated fMRI-based GS with its topographical representation during task states in unmedicated 51 MDD subjects and 28 healthy subjects. Task-related global signal correlation (GSCORR) was probed by a novel paradigm testing the processing of negative/neutral emotions during different time speeds, i.e., slow and fast. RESULTS: We observed a significant interaction between time speed and emotion of GSCORR in various DMN regions in healthy subjects. Next, we showed that MDD exhibits reduced task-related GSCORR in various DMN regions during specifically the fast processing of negative emotions. Finally, we demonstrated that GSCORR in DMN and other brain regions (motor-related regions, inferior frontal cortex) correlated with the degree of psychomotor retardation especially during the fast emotional stimuli. LIMITATIONS: The measurement of interoceptive variables like respiration rate or heart rate were not included in our fMRI acquisition. CONCLUSION: Together, we demonstrated the functional relevance of GS topography by showing reduced GSCORR in DMN during specifically the fast processing of negative emotions in MDD, suggesting the abnormal slowness, i.e., reduced time speed, to be a key feature of both brain and symptoms in MDD.

2.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of gasdermin E (GSDME)-mediated pyroptosis in the pathogenesis and progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and explore the potential therapeutic targets for RA. METHODS: The expression and activation of caspase3 and GSDME in the synovium, macrophages, and monocytes of RA patients was detected by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and western blot analysis. The correlation of activated GSDME with RA disease activity was evaluated. The pyroptotic ability of monocytes from RA patients was also tested. In addition, the effect of TNF-α on caspase3/GSDME-mediated pyroptosis of monocytes and macrophages was investigated. Furthermore, mice lacking Gsdme were subjected to collagen-induced arthritis, and the incidence and severity of arthritis was assessed. RESULTS: Monocytes and synovial macrophages from RA patients showed increased expression of activated caspase3, GSDME, and GSDME-N. The expression of GSDME-N in monocytes from RA patients correlated positively with the disease activity. Monocytes from RA patients with higher GSDME levels were more susceptible to pyroptosis. Furthermore, TNF-α induced pyroptosis in monocytes and macrophages by activating the caspase3/GSDME pathway. The use of a caspase3 inhibitor and silencing of GSDME significantly blocked TNF-α-induced pyroptosis. Gsdme deficiency effectively alleviated arthritis in a collagen-induced arthritis mice model. CONCLUSIONS: These results support a pathogenic role of GSDME in RA and provide an alternative mechanism for RA pathogenesis involving TNF-α, which activates GSDME-mediated pyroptosis of monocytes and macrophages in RA. In addition, targeting GSDME might be a potential therapeutic approach for RA.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502695

RESUMO

Seed aging detection and viable seed prediction are of great significance in alfalfa seed production, but traditional methods are disposable and destructive. Therefore, the establishment of a rapid and non-destructive seed screening method is necessary in seed industry and research. In this study, we used multispectral imaging technology to collect morphological features and spectral traits of aging alfalfa seeds with different storage years. Then, we employed five multivariate analysis methods, i.e., principal component analysis (PCA), linear discrimination analysis (LDA), support vector machines (SVM), random forest (RF) and normalized canonical discriminant analysis (nCDA) to predict aged and viable seeds. The results revealed that the mean light reflectance was significantly different at 450~690 nm between non-aged and aged seeds. LDA model held high accuracy (99.8~100.0%) in distinguishing aged seeds from non-aged seeds, higher than those of SVM (87.4~99.3%) and RF (84.6~99.3%). Furthermore, dead seeds could be distinguished from the aged seeds, with accuracies of 69.7%, 72.0% and 97.6% in RF, SVM and LDA, respectively. The accuracy of nCDA in predicting the germination of aged seeds ranged from 75.0% to 100.0%. In summary, we described a nondestructive, rapid and high-throughput approach to screen aged seeds with various viabilities in alfalfa.


Assuntos
Germinação , Medicago sativa , Análise Discriminante , Análise de Componente Principal , Sementes
4.
J Biol Chem ; 297(4): 101189, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517007

RESUMO

Autophagosome-lysosome pathway (ALP) insufficiency has been suggested to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. However, the mechanisms underlying ALP insufficiency remain largely unknown, and strategies to specifically manipulate ALP insufficiency for treating cardiac hypertrophy are lacking. Transcription factor EB (TFEB), as a master regulator of ALP, regulates the generation and function of autophagosomes and lysosomes. We found that TFEB was significantly decreased, whereas autophagosome markers were increased in phenylephrine (PE)-induced and transverse aortic constriction-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and failing hearts from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Knocking down TFEB induced ALP insufficiency, as indicated by increased autophagosome markers, decreased light chain 3II flux, and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy manifested through increased levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and ß-myosin heavy chain and enlarged cell size. The effects of TFEB knockdown were abolished by promoting autophagy. TFEB overexpression improved autophagic flux and attenuated PE-stimulated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and transverse aortic constriction-induced hypertrophic remodeling, fibrosis, and cardiac dysfunction. Curcumin analog compound C1, a specific TFEB activator, similarly attenuated PE-induced ALP insufficiency and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. TFEB knockdown increased the accumulation of GATA4, a transcription factor for several genes causing cardiac hypertrophy by blocking autophagic degradation of GATA4, whereas knocking down GATA4 attenuated TFEB downregulation-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Both TFEB overexpression and C1 promoted GATA4 autophagic degradation and alleviated PE-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In conclusion, TFEB downregulation plays a vital role in the development of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy by causing ALP insufficiency and blocking autophagic degradation. Activation of TFEB represents a potential therapeutic strategy for treating cardiac hypertrophy.

5.
Neuropharmacology ; 199: 108805, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560056

RESUMO

Considerable genetic variation of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) has recently become apparent, with many hundreds of de novo variants identified through widely available clinical genetic testing. Individuals with GRIN variants present with neurological conditions such as epilepsy, autism, intellectual disability (ID), movement disorders, schizophrenia and behavioral disorders. Determination of the functional consequence of genetic variation for NMDARs should lead to precision therapeutics. Furthermore, genetic animal models harboring human variants have the potential to reveal mechanisms that are shared among different neurological conditions, providing strategies that may allow treatment of individuals who are refractory to therapy. Preclinical studies in animal models and small open label trials in humans support this idea. However, additional functional data for variants and animal models corresponding to multiple individuals with the same genotype are needed to validate this approach and to lead to thoughtfully designed, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials, which could provide data in order to determine safety and efficacy of potential precision therapeutics.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 735125, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34567001

RESUMO

Background: The global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has turned into a worldwide public health crisis and caused more than 100,000,000 severe cases. Progressive lymphopenia, especially in T cells, was a prominent clinical feature of severe COVID-19. Activated HLA-DR+CD38+ CD8+ T cells were enriched over a prolonged period from the lymphopenia patients who died from Ebola and influenza infection and in severe patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. However, the CD38+HLA-DR+ CD8+ T population was reported to play contradictory roles in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: A total of 42 COVID-19 patients, including 32 mild or moderate and 10 severe or critical cases, who received care at Beijing Ditan Hospital were recruited into this retrospective study. Blood samples were first collected within 3 days of the hospital admission and once every 3-7 days during hospitalization. The longitudinal flow cytometric data were examined during hospitalization. Moreover, we evaluated serum levels of 45 cytokines/chemokines/growth factors and 14 soluble checkpoints using Luminex multiplex assay longitudinally. Results: We revealed that the HLA-DR+CD38+ CD8+ T population was heterogeneous, and could be divided into two subsets with distinct characteristics: HLA-DR+CD38dim and HLA-DR+CD38hi. We observed a persistent accumulation of HLA-DR+CD38hi CD8+ T cells in severe COVID-19 patients. These HLA-DR+CD38hi CD8+ T cells were in a state of overactivation and consequent dysregulation manifested by expression of multiple inhibitory and stimulatory checkpoints, higher apoptotic sensitivity, impaired killing potential, and more exhausted transcriptional regulation compared to HLA-DR+CD38dim CD8+ T cells. Moreover, the clinical and laboratory data supported that only HLA-DR+CD38hi CD8+ T cells were associated with systemic inflammation, tissue injury, and immune disorders of severe COVID-19 patients. Conclusions: Our findings indicated that HLA-DR+CD38hi CD8+ T cells were correlated with disease severity of COVID-19 rather than HLA-DR+CD38dim population.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD8/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Feminino , Antígenos HLA-DR/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347604

RESUMO

A largely ignored fact in spectral super-resolution (SSR) is that the subsistent mapping methods neglect the auxiliary prior of camera spectral sensitivity (CSS) and only pay attention to wider or deeper network framework design while ignoring to excavate the spatial and spectral dependencies among intermediate layers, hence constraining representational capability of convolutional neural networks (CNNs). To conquer these drawbacks, we propose a novel deep hybrid 2-D-3-D CNN based on dual second-order attention with CSS prior (HSACS), which can excavate sufficient spatial-spectral context information. Specifically, dual second-order attention embedded in the residual block for more powerful spatial-spectral feature representation and relation learning is composed of a brand new trainable 2-D second-order channel attention (SCA) or 3-D second-order band attention (SBA) and a structure tensor attention (STA). Concretely, the band and channel attention modules are developed to adaptively recalibrate the band-wise and interchannel features via employing second-order band or channel feature statistics for more discriminative representations. Besides, the STA is promoted to rebuild the significant high-frequency spatial details for enough spatial feature extraction. Moreover, the CSS is first employed as a superior prior to avoid its effect of SSR quality, on the strength of which the resolved RGB can be calculated naturally through the super-reconstructed hyperspectral image (HSI); then, the final loss consists of the discrepancies of RGB and the HSI as a finer constraint. Experimental results demonstrate the superiority and progressiveness of the presented approach in terms of quantitative metrics and visual effect over SOTA SSR methods.

9.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370390

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most severe infectious diseases of pigs. In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay coupled with the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas12a system was established in one tube for the detection of the African swine fever virus (ASFV) p72 gene. The single-stranded DNA-fluorophore quencher reporter and CRISPR-derived RNA were screened and selected for the CRISPR detection system. In combination with LAMP amplification assay, the detection limit for the LAMP-CRISPR assay can reach 7 copies/µl of p72 gene per reaction. Furthermore, this method displays no cross-reactivity with other porcine DNA or RNA viruses. The performance of the LAMP-CRISPR assay was compared with real-time qPCR tests for clinical samples; a good consistency between the LAMP-CRISPR assay and real-time qPCR was observed. The method shed a light on the convenient, portable, low cost, highly sensitive and specific detection of ASFV, demonstrating a great application potential for monitoring on-site ASFV in the field.

10.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 841, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common female malignant tumor in the world. According to a study in 2018, the incidence of cervical cancer in Yunnan Province of China was 11.42 per 100,000, the mortality rate was 3.77 per 100,000, and higher than the national average. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) can be used not only in the selection and effect evaluation of clinical treatment plans of cervical cancer, but also in the evaluation of prognosis and long-term survival status. In this study, 288 cervical cancer patients admitted to the Yunnan Cancer Hospital in Southwest China from 2018 to 2020 were used as the survey objects to understand the HRQoL of cervical cancer patients and explore the related factors that affect HRQoL. METHODS: The Chinese version of the functional assessment of cancer therapy-cervix (functional assessment of cancer therapy-cervix v4.0, FACT-Cx V4) was used to investigate 288 patients with cervical cancer in Yunnan Province. Statistical analysis was performed using t-test, analysis of variance, multiple linear regression and other methods. RESULTS: The total FACT-Cx score of cervical cancer patients was (130.16 ± 14.20), the physical well-being (PWB) score was (22.02 ± 4.47), the social/family well-being (SWB) score was (25.66 ± 3.59), the emotional well-being (EWB) score was (19.75 ± 3.54), the functional well-being (FWB) score was (16.91 ± 5.01) and the additional focus area (cervical cancer subscale, CxS) score was (45.78 ± 4.61). From the multi-factor analysis results, the scores of PWB, FWB, Cxs and the total FACT-Cx were related to the choice of different treatment methods, the PWB scores of patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy was low(ß = - 1.67, P = 0.003), the FWB scores of patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy was low(ß = - 2.02, P = 0.001), the CxS scores of patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy was low(ß = - 1.61, P = 0.006), the total score of FACT-Cx of patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy was low(ß = - 5.91, P = 0.001). SWB score was affected by marital status, married patients had high PWB scores(ß = 5.44, P = 0.006). The patients with heavy disease expenditures as aproportion of family disposable income(ß = - 3.82, P = 0.002) and aged 60 and above(ß = - 3.29, P = 0.003) had lower FWB scores. The total score FACT-Cx of patients participating in cervical cancer screening was higher(ß = 7.61, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The choice of treatment method is the common influencing factor of PWB, FWB, Cxs and the total FACT-Cx. Disease expenditures as a proportion of family disposable income, the treatment method, the marital status and whether to participate in cervical cancer screening affect the patient's evaluation of their own HRQoL. Medical staff should pay special attention to the choice of different treatment methods, popularize vaccination knowledge and cervical cancer screening, give more humanistic care and health education to cervical cancer patients who have low education level, poor economic conditions, divorced or separated, and encourage patients to participate in active treatment to improve the health-related quality of life.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
11.
Stroke ; 52(9): e536-e539, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We present a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent minimally invasive endoscopic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) evacuation to identify variables that were associated with long-term outcome. METHODS: Minimally invasive endoscopic ICH evacuation was performed on patients with supratentorial ICH who fit prespecified clinical inclusion and exclusion criteria. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic factors previously demonstrated to impact functional outcome in ICH were included in a univariate analysis to identify factors associated with favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score, 0-3) at 6 months. Factors associated with a favorable outcome in the univariate analysis (P≤0.20) were included in a multivariate logistic regression analysis with the same dependent variable. RESULTS: Ninety patients underwent MIS endoscopic ICH evacuation within 72 hours of ictus. In a multivariate analysis, factors associated with good long-term functional outcome included time to evacuation (per hour; OR, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.92-0.98], P=0.004), age (per decade, odds ratio [OR], 0.49 [95% CI, 0.28-0.77], P=0.005), presence of intraventricular hemorrhage (OR, 0.15 [95% CI, 0.04-0.47], P=0.002), and lobar location (OR, 18.5 [95% CI, 4.5-103], P=0.0005). Early evacuation was not associated with an increased risk of rebleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Young age, lack of intraventricular hemorrhage, lobar location, and time to evacuation were independently associated with good long-term functional outcome in patients undergoing minimally invasive endoscopic ICH evacuation. The OR for time to evacuation suggests that for each additional hour, there was a 5% reduction in the odds of achieving a favorable outcome.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412472

RESUMO

Photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) degradation of organic pollutants into CO2 and H2O is a promising strategy for addressing ever-growing environmental problems. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been widely studied because of its good performance and environmental benignancy; however, the PEC activity of TiO2 catalyst is substantially limited due to its fast electron-hole recombination. Herein, we report a TiO2 nanocone-based photoelectrocatalyst with superior degradation performance and outstanding durability. The unique conical catalyst can boost the PEC degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) with 99% degradation efficiency and higher than 55% mineralization efficiency at a concentration of 20 ppm. The normalized apparent rate constant of a nanocone catalyst is 5.05 h-1 g-1 m2, which is 3 times that of a nanorod catalyst and 6 times that of an aggregated particle catalyst, respectively. Further characterizations reveal that the conical morphology of TiO2 can make photogenerated charges separate and transfer more efficiently, resulting in outstanding PEC activity. Moreover, computational fluid dynamics simulations indicate that a three-dimensional conical structure is beneficial for mass transfer. This work highlights that tuning the morphology of a photoelectrocatalyst at the nanometer scale not only promotes the charge transfer but also facilitates the mass transportation, which jointly enhance the PEC performance in the degradation of persistent pollutants.

13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 281: 114479, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343647

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rhubarb is a natural herbal medicine widely used clinically with numerous pharmacological activities including anti-cancer. Specifically, several studies reported that free anthraquinones from Rhubarb suppressed the proliferation of hepatoma cells. Nonetheless, recent studies revealed that Rhubarb caused hepatotoxicity in vivo, confirming its "two-way" effect on the liver. Therefore, the efficacy and safety of Rhubarb in the in vivo treatment of liver cancer should be further elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the presence of hepatoprotection or hepatotoxicity of Rhubarb in diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 112 male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 190-250 g were enrolled. The rats were induced hepatocarcinogenesis using diethylnitrosamine (0.002 g/rat) until 17 weeks. Starting at week 11, Rhubarb granules (4 g/kg and 8 g/kg) were intragastrically administered daily for 7 weeks. All rats were euthanized at week 20 and the livers were analyzed via non-targeted metabolomics analysis. We established hepatic glucose 6 phosphate (6PG) levels and glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activities to assess the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). And the liver injuries of rats were analyzed via histological changes, hepatic function, as well as hepatic protein levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), pyruvate kinase isozyme type M2 (PKM2), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Furthermore, polydatin (0.1 g/kg/d) as a specific inhibitor of G6PD was used to treat rats. Notably, their histological changes, hepatic function, hepatic 6PG levels, hepatic G6PD activities, PCNA levels, and PKM2 levels were recorded. RESULTS: Non-targeted metabolomics revealed that Rhubarb regulated the PPP in the liver of Rhubarb-DEN-treated rats. Besides, Rhubarb activated the oxidative branch of the PPP by activating G6PD (a rate-limiting enzyme in the oxidative PPP) in the liver of Rhubarb-DEN-treated rats. Meanwhile, Rhubarb promoted DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis. Moreover, polydatin attenuated the promoting effect of Rhubarb on DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Rhubarb promoted DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis by activating the PPP, indicating that the efficacy and safety of Rhubarb in the treatment of liver cancer deserve to be deliberated.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) is used to improve specific health needs by combining multiple technologies; it is increasingly being used in the medical field, showing satisfactory effects, especially in the management of chronic disease. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of VR cognitive training for individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: Peer-reviewed articles were searched from the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, Science Direct, and EBSCOhost databases, as well as CNKI, Sinomed, Vip. and Wan Fang, through 23 May 2021. We only included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) enrolling participants with MCI. RESULTS: Seventeen RCTs were included, with a total of 744 participants. Evidence of moderate quality showed that VR cognitive training significantly enhanced MCI patients' global cognitive function, as measured by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (standardized mean difference [SMD] = 0.42; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.04-0.79; p = 0.03) and executive function, as measured by trail making test A (SMD = -0.58; 95% CI, -0.80 to -0.35; p < 0.001). The meta-analysis indicated that the effects of VR cognitive training on delayed memory, immediate memory, attention and instrumental activities of daily living were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The available data showed that VR cognitive training might be beneficial for improving global cognitive function and executive function in individuals with MCI, although the effects were short term.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299352

RESUMO

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a high-quality legume forage crop worldwide, and alfalfa production is often threatened by abiotic environmental stresses. GRAS proteins are important transcription factors that play a vital role in plant development, as well as in response to environmental stress. In this study, the availability of alfalfa genome "Zhongmu No.1" allowed us to identify 51 GRAS family members, i.e., MsGRAS. MsGRAS proteins could be classified into nine subgroups with distinct conserved domains, and tandem and segmental duplications were observed as an expansion strategy of this gene family. In RNA-Seq analysis, 14 MsGRAS genes were not expressed in the leaf or root, 6 GRAS genes in 3 differentially expressed gene clusters were involved in the salinity stress response in the leaf. Moreover, qRT-PCR results confirmed that MsGRAS51 expression was induced under drought stress and hormone treatments (ABA, GA and IAA) but down-regulated in salinity stress. Collectively, our genome-wide characterization, evolutionary, and expression analysis suggested that the MsGRAS proteins might play crucial roles in response to abiotic stresses and hormonal cues in alfalfa. For the breeding of alfalfa, it provided important information on stress resistance and functional studies on MsGRAS and hormone signaling.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta/genética , Medicago sativa/genética , Família Multigênica/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Secas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Filogenia , Melhoramento Vegetal/métodos , Folhas de Planta/genética , Salinidade , Alinhamento de Sequência , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(17): e2101382, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240578

RESUMO

Calcium hydroxyphosphate, Ca10 (PO4 )6 (OH)2 , is commonly known as hydroxyapatite (HAP). The acidic calcium and basic phosphate/hydroxide sites in HAP can be modified via isomorphous substitution of calcium and/or hydroxide ions to enable a cornucopia of catalyzed reactions. Herein, isomorphic substitution of Ca2+ ions by Cu2+ ions especially at very low levels of exchange created new analogs of molecular surface frustrated Lewis pairs (SFLPs) in Cux Ca10- x (PO4 )6 (OH)2 , thereby boosting its performance metrics in heterogeneous CO2 photocatalytic hydrogenation. In situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy characterization and density functional theory calculations provided fundamental insights into the catalytically active SFLPs defined as proximal Lewis acidic Cu2+ and Lewis basic OH- . The photocatalytic pathway proceeds through a formate reaction intermediate, which is generated by the reaction of CO2 with heterolytically dissociated H2 on the SFLPs. Given the wealth of information thus uncovered, it is highly likely that this work will spur the further development of similar classes of materials, leading to the advancement and, ultimately, large-scale application of photocatalytic CO2 reduction technologies.

17.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a common malignant tumor of the female reproductive system in the world, which is a serious threat to women's life and health. According to the latest report, the incidence of cervical cancer is 11.42 per 100 000, and the mortality rate is 3.77 per 100 000 in Yunnan Province, which is still higher than the national average. Although there have been some relevant studies on the risk factors of cervical cancer in recent years, research on ethnic minorities is lacking in Yunnan Province. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and explore the related risk factors of cervical cancer in women of ethnic minorities in Yunnan Province, to provide the scientific basis for the development of cervical cancer prevention and control strategies and measures in this region. METHODS: In total 1119 cervical cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology at the Yunnan Cancer Center (Yunnan Cancer Hospital) from January 2010 to December 2019 were selected as the case group. According to the 1:1 matching principle of the case-control study, 1119 patients with nonmalignant tumors of the same nationality, the same hospital, age difference less than 3 years old, were selected as the control group. Univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Basic medical insurance for rural residents (OR = 3.659; P = 0.003), human papilloma virus (HPV) infection (OR = 90.030; P < 0.001) and concurrent reproductive tract infections (OR = 1.992; P = 0.047) were risk factors for cervical cancer. Late first marriage(OR = 0.881; P = 0.032), the number of normal childbirths ≤2 (OR = 0.480, P = 0.033) and contraception (OR = 0.291; P = 0.002) were positive factors for cervical cancer. CONCLUSION: The high incidence of cervical cancer in Yunnan minority women is the result of many factors: HPV infection is the highest risk factor for cervical cancer, women with reproductive tract infections and basic medical insurance for rural residents have a higher risk for cervical cancer; Late first marriage, the number of deliveries ≤2 and contraception are positive factors for cervical cancer.

18.
Biometrics ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263933

RESUMO

When to initiate treatment on patients is an important problem in many medical studies such as AIDS and cancer. In this article, we formulate the treatment initiation time problem for time-to-event data and propose an optimal individualized regime that determines the best treatment initiation time for individual patients based on their characteristics. Different from existing optimal treatment regimes where treatments are undertaken at a pre-specified time, here new challenges arise from the complicated missing mechanisms in treatment initiation time data and the continuous treatment rule in terms of initiation time. To tackle these challenges, we propose to use restricted mean residual lifetime as a value function to evaluate the performance of different treatment initiation regimes, and develop a nonparametric estimator for the value function, which is consistent even when treatment initiation times are not completely observable and their distribution is unknown. We also establish the asymptotic properties of the resulting estimator in the decision rule and its associated value function estimator. In particular, the asymptotic distribution of the estimated value function is nonstandard, which follows a weighted chi-squared distribution. The finite-sample performance of the proposed method is evaluated by simulation studies and is further illustrated with an application to a breast cancer data.

19.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 8(7): 1480-1494, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Genetic variants in the GRIN genes that encode N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) subunits have been identified in various neurodevelopmental disorders, including epilepsy. We identified a GRIN1 variant from an individual with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy, evaluated functional changes to NMDAR properties caused by the variant, and screened FDA-approved therapeutic compounds as potential treatments for the patient. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing identified a missense variant in GRIN1. Electrophysiological recordings were made from Xenopus oocytes and transfected HEK cells to determine the NMDAR biophysical properties as well as the sensitivity to agonists and FDA-approved drugs that inhibit NMDARs. A beta-lactamase reporter assay in transfected HEK cells evaluated the effects of the variant on the NMDAR surface expression. RESULTS: A recurrent de novo missense variant in GRIN1 (c.1923G>A, p.Met641Ile), which encodes the GluN1 subunit, was identified in a pediatric patient with drug-resistant seizures and early-onset epileptic encephalopathy. In vitro analysis indicates that GluN1-M641I containing NMDARs showed enhanced agonist potency and reduced Mg2+ block, which may be associated with the patient's phenotype. Results from screening FDA-approved drugs suggested that GluN1-M641I containing NMDARs are more sensitive to the NMDAR channel blockers memantine, ketamine, and dextromethorphan compared to the wild-type receptors. The addition of memantine to the seizure treatment regimen significantly reduced the patient's seizure burden. INTERPRETATION: Our finding contributes to the understanding of the phenotype-genotype correlations of patients with GRIN1 gene variants, provides a molecular mechanism underlying the actions of this variant, and explores therapeutic strategies for treating GRIN1-related neurological conditions.

20.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 30(10): 1816-1825, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer are recommended to follow cancer prevention guidelines due to inadequate evidence for specific recommendations for cancer survivors. METHODS: We examined whether diet and lifestyle scores measuring adherence to the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) cancer prevention guidelines were associated with colorectal cancer-specific and overall mortality among 1,491 patients with colorectal cancer in two prospective cohorts. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate the multivariable-adjusted HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.92 years, there were 641 deaths (179 colorectal cancer-specific deaths). Patients in the highest quartile of the post-diagnostic WCRF/AICR lifestyle score including diet, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity had a 24% lower risk (HR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.49-1.18) of colorectal cancer-specific mortality and a 37% lower risk (HR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.50-0.78) of overall mortality compared with the lowest quartile. When BMI was not included in the lifestyle score due to potential disease-related weight loss, stronger inverse associations were observed for both colorectal cancer-specific and overall mortality for the same comparison (colorectal cancer-specific: HR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.32-0.79; overall: HR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.47-0.75). The post-diagnostic WCRF/AICR diet score was not statistically significantly associated with either colorectal cancer-specific or overall mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Greater adherence to the WCRF/AICR cancer prevention recommendations was associated with improved survival in patients with colorectal cancer. IMPACT: This study provides support for patients with colorectal cancer to follow cancer prevention recommendations after diagnosis. Future studies on cancer survivors will continue to contribute to evidence-based diet and lifestyle recommendations for patients with cancer.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...