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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036572

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, and the pathological mechanism of the disease is still far to understand. According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis in AD, Amyloid-ß (Aß) is considered as a key substance that contributes AD development. Aß is a ß-cleaving product from Amyloid-ß protein precursor (APP). Mutations of APP including APPKM670/671670NL (Swedish mutation) result in Aß overproduction and the development of early-onset familial AD. Increase of oxidative stress and damage also occurs in early stage of AD. In this study, we used a SH-SY5Y cell line that stably expresses APP gene with Swedish mutation (SH-SY5Y-APPswe), and the inhibitory effects of curcumin on H2O2-induced cell damage and APP processing were investigated. Cells were treated with curcumin (0 ~ 5 µM) for 4 h before hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Cell growth was detected with CCK-8 assay, and cell damage was determined through the evaluation of release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from the cytosol to the culture medium and the morphological change of nucleus. The ability of mitochondrial stress and the depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential were assayed through the measuring the oxygen consumption rate (OCR) and the green/red fluorescence ratio of JC-1 dye respectively. The protein levels of APP, sAPPα, sAPPß, and BACE1 were analyzed with Western blot assay. Aß production was measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results indicated that curcumin inhibits H2O2-induced decrease of cell growth and cell damage. Curcumin attenuates H2O2-induced damage on the ability to mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and membrane potential. Curcumin inhibits H2O2-induced increase of APP cleavage through ß-cleavage pathway and of intracellular Aß production. These results imply that curcumin can be used to treat AD through inhibiting oxidative damage-induced APP ß-cleavage and intracellular Aß generation.

2.
Soc Sci Res ; 86: 102389, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056571

RESUMO

The 1962-67 High/Scope Perry Preschool Program, a well-known experimental early childhood intervention study that provided quality preschool education to disadvantaged children, has been shown to have had positive impacts on early child development and on a variety of adulthood outcomes. However, most previous analyses have only examined average treatment effects across all program participants without exploring possible effect heterogeneity by children's background characteristics. We investigated this question by first using the 1964-65 Current Population Survey data in combination with the Perry data to construct a scale of child socioeconomic status based on the estimated propensity for inclusion in the Perry program, then analyzing effect heterogeneity within the Perry sample by strata of our socioeconomic scale. We found that the treatment effects of enrollment in the Perry preschool on cognitive and non-cognitive skills were much larger and more persistent among the most disadvantaged children than among others in the Perry program. Furthermore, among the most disadvantaged children, the treatment (i.e., preschool enrollment) affects later outcomes through a reinforcement mechanism of skill development (i.e., early cognitive gain leads to a non-cognitive gain, which in turn leads to later cognitive gain) and a sequential improvement of cognitive skills over time. These findings have important implications for the evaluation of policy interventions in early child development using experimental data.

3.
Mol Metab ; 31: 24-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long-term glucocorticoids (GCs) therapy usually causes many metabolic side effects, including fatty liver. However, the molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Herein, we explored the molecular basis of GCs in the development of fatty liver. METHODS: C57BL/6 male mice were injected with Dexamethasone (DEX) while mouse primary hepatocytes (MPHs), HepG2 and Hep1-6 cells were cultured in the presence of DEX. Genes expression in liver tissues and hepatocytes were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. To explore whether Periostin is involved in the development of GCs-induced fatty liver, wild-type and Periostin knockout mice were treated with DEX or vehicle control. Luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were used to determine the regulatory roles of GCs on Periostin expression. RESULTS: We show that treatment of dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic analog of GCs, led to the accumulation of triglycerides in the livers of mice, but not in cultured hepatocytes, suggesting that GCs may promote liver steatosis through integrative organ crosstalk mediated by systemic factors. We further found that DEX upregulated the expression levels of Periostin in white adipose tissues, which in turn promoted liver steatosis. Administration of a Periostin-neutralizing antibody or genetic ablation of Periostin largely attenuated DEX-induced hepatic steatosis in mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provided a novel insight that GCs could promote liver steatosis through integrative organ crosstalk mediated by white fat-secreted Periostin. These results establish Periostin as an endocrine factor with therapeutic potential for the treatment of GCs-associated fatty liver.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(1): 251-258, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767745

RESUMO

We make use of newly available data that include roughly 5 million linked household and population records from 1850 to 2015 to document long-term trends in intergenerational social mobility in the United States. Intergenerational mobility declined substantially over the past 150 y, but more slowly than previously thought. Intergenerational occupational rank-rank correlations increased from less than 0.17 to as high as 0.32, but most of this change occurred to Americans born before 1900. After controlling for the relatively high mobility of persons from farm origins, we find that intergenerational social mobility has been remarkably stable. In contrast with relative stability in rank-based measures of mobility, absolute mobility for the nonfarm population-the fraction of offspring whose occupational ranks are higher than those of their parents-increased for birth cohorts born prior to 1900 and has fallen for those born after 1940.

5.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 132: 107411, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862536

RESUMO

A novel liposomal nanocomposite, Au@PIL-cerasome, with biocompatibility and conductivity was fabricated via the self-assembly of cerasomes and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) stabilized by poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs). The surface charge, morphology and chemical composition of the nanocomposites were characterized by the zeta potential, UV-vis, TEM, SEM and EDS. The nanocomposites exhibited structural stability directly on the surface of solid electrodes, without fusion. Electrochemical impedance experiments demonstrated that the nanocomposites had an enhanced conductivity compared with unmodified cerasomes. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP), as a reporter, was immobilized on the nanocomposites without denaturation or inactivation. The direct electron transfer of HRP was achieved, and the HRP/Au@PIL-cerasome/GCE exhibited an amplified current and improved electrocatalytic activity. Activity towards H2O2 displayed a linear range over 10-70 µM and a detection limit of 3.3 µM. Activity towards NO2- displayed linear ranges over 1-5 mM and 5-1280 mM, and the limit of detection was 0.11 mM. In addition, the electrode was stable and reproducible, with 6% RSD. Such multi-component liposomal nanocomposites with an enhanced electrical performance pave a better way for building novel and straightforward 3D stereo biomimetic electrochemical platforms and even molecular communication systems to investigate information transduction between cells.

6.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(6): 4845-4851, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772648

RESUMO

Drug-induced liver injury has become a serious public health problem. Although the mechanism of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury has been studied for decades it has not been fully elucidated. In-depth study into the mechanisms underlying APAP-induced liver injury may provide useful information for more effective prevention and treatment. In the present study, the role of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand-9 (CXCL9) in APAP-induced liver injury was investigated thus providing a novel direction for the prevention and treatment of drug hepatitis. A total of 20 fasting male patients ingested APAP tablets at Nanjing First Hospital. In addition, wild type (WT) mice were treated with 250 mg/kg APAP or isodose PBS for 1, 3, 6 and 12 h, respectively. Results from reverse-transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses demonstrated that CXCL9 mRNA levels were increased in the blood of patients who took APAP in a fasting state and in the livers of APAP-treated WT mice, compared with their respective controls. Hepatocyte apoptosis in the liver tissue of APAP-treated mice decreased following administration of a CXCL9 neutralizing antibody. Caspase-3, caspase-8 and phosphorylated-AKT (S437) were activated in primary hepatocytes isolated from WT mice following CXCL9 treatment. However, no significant differences in expression of caspase-3, caspase-8 and p-AKT (S437) were detected in hepatocytes isolated from C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3)-/- mice following CXCL9 treatment. After CXCL9 administration, WT mice exhibited higher serum levels of aspartate transaminase and increased caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity in liver tissue compared with controls. The same trends were not observed in CXCR3-/- mice. In conclusion, CXCL9 regulated APAP-induced liver injury through stimulation of hepatocyte apoptosis via binding to CXCR3. These findings provide a novel prevention and treatment strategy for DILI.

7.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691974

RESUMO

Inflammation is considered to be critical in the pterygium progression and recurrence. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is not well understood. Herein, we investigated the potential role of RNA binding protein human antigen R (HuR) responsible for the impact of inflammation on pterygium development. The expression of HuR and matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) in pterygium and normal conjunctiva was detected with immunohistochemistry and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The influence of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) on HuR expression and cellular distribution was determined with western blot and immunofluorescence. The pterygium fibroblast (PTF) migration was determined with scratch wound healing assay and Transwell migration assay. MMP-9 production was determined with qRT-PCR and gelatin zymography. The interaction between HuR and MMP-9 was investigated with RNP immunoprecipitation (IP) followed by RT-PCR and messenger RNA (mRNA) stability analysis. HuR and MMP-9 expression are elevated in pterygium, especially progressive pterygium compared with normal conjunctiva. IL-1ß could increase the expression and nucleus-cytoplasm shuttle of HuR in cultured PTFs. HuR mediated the stimulatory effect of IL-1ß on PTF migration and MMP-9 production. HuR bound to MMP-9 mRNA and in turn increased it stability. Our results suggest that posttranscriptional regulation of MMP-9 via stabilizing mRNA by HuR might contribute to the stimulatory effect of inflammatory factor IL-1ß on pterygium progression. These findings shed light on the pathogenesis of pterygium and provide a promising target for adjuvant treatment of pterygium.

8.
PeerJ ; 7: e7794, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579632

RESUMO

Foxtail millet (Setaria italic L.) is an important food and fodder crop that is cultivated worldwide. Quantifying the effects of herbicides on foxtail millet is critical for safe herbicide application. In this study, we analyzed the effects of different fluroxypyr dosages on the growth parameters and physiological parametric of foxtail millet, that is, peroxidation characteristics, photosynthetic characteristics, and endogenous hormone production, by using multivariate statistical analysis. Indicators were screened via Fisher discriminant analysis, and the growth parameters, peroxidation characteristics, photosynthesis characteristics and endogenous hormones of foxtail millet at different fluroxypyr dosages were comprehensively evaluated by principal component analysis. On the basis of the results of principal component analysis, the cumulative contribution rate of the first two principal component factors was 93.72%. The first principal component, which explained 59.23% of total variance, was selected to represent the photosynthetic characteristics and endogenous hormones of foxtail millet. The second principal component, which explained 34.49% of total variance, represented the growth parameters of foxtail millet. According to the principal component analysis, the indexes were simplified into comprehensive index Z, and the mathematical model of comprehensive index Z was set as F = 0.592Z 1 + 0.345Z 2. The results showed that the comprehensive evaluation score of fluroxypyr at moderate concentrations was higher than at high concentrations. Consequently, one L (active ingredient, ai) ha-1 fluroxypyr exerted minimal effects on growth parameters, oxidase activity, photosynthetic activity, and endogenous hormones, and had highest value of comprehensive evaluation, which had efficient and safe benefits in foxtail millet field.

9.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(8): 2549-2557, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418177

RESUMO

We measured soil water and salt distribution characteristics at 0-40 cm soil depth in a silvopastoral system of Fraxinus chinensis and Robinia pseudoacacia mixed forest × Medicago sativa, which is located in Land Use Scientific Observation Field Base of Ministry of Land and Resource in Wudi, Shandong Province, China. The moving split-window technique was used to analyze the internal-system edge effect. The results showed that both soil water and salt contents in this system heterogeneously distributed in the horizontal direction. The variation of soil water was greater and that of soil salt contents was the smaller when closer to the soil surface. With the mixed forest tree row as the boundary line, the contents of soil water and salt on both sides showed similar change trend. With the decreases of distance to the tree row, soil water content reduced first and then increased but the salt contents had a stable fluctuation at 0-10 cm soil layer. Soil water content showed a trend of decrease-flat-decrease but the salt contents first enhanced and then reduced at 10-20 cm soil layer, respectively. At the deeper soil layer (20-40 cm), the water content fluctuated stably but the salt content continued increasing. Both the contents of soil water and salt in the vertical direction increased significantly with soil depth. Except HCO3- and K+, there was a similar change trend between ions and total salt content in the soil of silvopastoral system, and the correlation between these ions and total salt content was Na+>Cl->SO42->Mg2+>Ca2+. Based on the technique of moving split-window, the edge effect zone of soil water in the silvopastoral system was 2.5 m from the east side of the tree row to 2 m from the west side. Soil salinity in the silvopastoral system was mainly affected by the tree row within the range of 1.0 m, and by both of the tree row and M. sativa within the range of 1.0-3.0 m.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Rios , Solo/química , China , Salinidade , Cloreto de Sódio , Água
10.
Sociol Sci ; 6: 264-292, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187049

RESUMO

Mechanisms explaining the negative effects of parental divorce on children's attainment have long been conjectured and assessed. Yet few studies of parental divorce have carefully attended to the assumptions and methods necessary to estimate causal mediation effects. Applying a causal framework to linked U.S. panel data, we assess the degree to which parental divorce limits children's education among whites and nonwhites and whether observed lower levels of educational attainment are explained by postdivorce family conditions and children's skills. Our analyses yield three key findings. First, the negative effect of divorce on educational attainment, particularly college, is substantial for white children; by contrast, divorce does not lower the educational attainment of nonwhite children. Second, declines in family income explain as much as one- to two-thirds of the negative effect of parental divorce on white children's education. Family instability also helps explain the effect, particularly when divorce occurs in early childhood. Children's psychosocial skills explain about one-fifth of the effect, whereas children's cognitive skills play a minimal role. Third, among nonwhites, the minimal total effect on education is explained by the offsetting influence of postdivorce declines in family income and stability alongside increases in children's psychosocial and cognitive skills.

11.
Demography ; 56(3): 891-916, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098951

RESUMO

In this article, we report analyses of the effects of fertility and mortality trends on the mutual exposure of grandparents and grandchildren and their consequences for multigenerational processes of social mobility in the United States from 1900 to 2010. Using historical vital statistics and stable population models, we report systematic analyses of grandparent-grandchild exposures from both prospective (grandparent) and retrospective (grandchild) perspectives. We also estimate exposure levels and trends specific to education levels of grandparents and grandchildren and decompose the overall trend into the effect of changing mortality, fertility level, and fertility timing. We show that changes in mutual exposure of grandparent and grandchild generations may have contributed to an increasing association between grandparents' and grandchildren's educational attainments.

12.
J AOAC Int ; 102(5): 1448-1454, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088594

RESUMO

Background: The essential oil content of the water lily is extremely low; thus, finding a new method that can extract essential oil from water lilies with a high extraction rate and no residual organic solvents is essential. Objective: The optimal processing conditions for the ultrasound-enhanced subcritical fluid extraction of essential oil from Nymphaea alba var (red water lily) and the antioxidant activity of the essential oil in vitro are investigated to provide theoretical bases for identification and development. Methods: Single-factor experiments and orthogonal designs are performed to determine the effects of extraction conditions on essential oil yields. The chemical composition of essential oil is analyzed using GC-MS. Results: The optimum extraction parameters are established as follows: extraction temperature, 35°C; extraction time, 30 min/time for four times; ratio of material to liquid, 1:3; ultrasound power, 250 W/L; and ultrasonic frequency, 20 kHz. The extraction rate of essential oil is 0.315% under these conditions. Eleven components comprise more than 1% content. The main chemical constituents are 8-hexadecyne (31.04%) and 2,6,10-trimethyl-tetradecane (3.95%). The essential oil from N. alba var has an antioxidant activity in vitro; however, its antioxidant activity is weaker than that of butylated hydroxytoluene. Conclusions: Subcritical fluid is suitable for the extraction of essential oil from N. alba var, and the essential oil has a good antioxidant activity. Highlights: The essential oil content of N. alba var is 0.315%. Forty-seven chemical constituents are identified and isolated from N. alba var and analyzed by GC-MS.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Nymphaea/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Ondas Ultrassônicas
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(32): 4667-4670, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933200

RESUMO

Bi-continuous emulsion stabilized with amphiphilic Janus particles was achieved. Phase inversion of the as-formed emulsion was driven by increasing water content. The orientated Janus particle monolayer at the bi-continuous emulsion interface is interconnected by interfacial polymerization to form robust materials with amphiphilic channels.

14.
Biol Open ; 8(5)2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967374

RESUMO

We investigated the biological characteristics of acquired drug-resistant cells (AqMDRs) formed by intercellular P-glycoprotein (P-gp) transfer and whether AqMDRs can form stable drug-resistant strains. Drug-sensitive BIU-87 cells were co-cultured with doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant derivative BIU-87/DOX cells in transwell chambers for up to 96 h. The presence of P-gp in recipient cell membranes (AqMDRs) was detected by confocal microscopy, CCK-8, western blot, and RT-PCR were used to detect resistance index (RI), P-gp expression and MDR1 mRNA expression in AqMDRs after 0, 4, 8, 16, and 20 passages and frozen/resuscitated twentieth generation AqMDRs. There was an increase in P-gp transfer with longer co-culture times of drug-resistant and sensitive strains. Without DOX, although the AqMDR numbers increased with each passage, the RI and P-gp expression decreased gradually, and the expression level of MDR1 mRNA did not change significantly. With DOX, the RI and P-gp expression increased slightly, and the MDR1 mRNA expression level gradually increased to the BIU-87/DOX level. AqMDRs can grow stably at drug concentrations slightly higher than the IC50 of sensitive strains, which sensitive strains cannot survive. P-gp transfer between cells gradually increases with longer co-culturing of drug-resistant and sensitive strains. The drug resistance of AqMDRs decreases without drug intervention, but with drug intervention, cells can maintain resistance and gradually develop into stable drug-resistant cells. This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(15): 7266-7271, 2019 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914460

RESUMO

Children whose parents divorce tend to have worse educational outcomes than children whose parents stay married. However, not all children respond identically to their parents divorcing. We focus on how the impact of parental divorce on children's education varies by how likely or unlikely divorce was for those parents. We find a significant negative effect of parental divorce on educational attainment, particularly college attendance and completion, among children whose parents were unlikely to divorce. Families expecting marital stability, unprepared for disruption, may experience considerable adjustment difficulties when divorce occurs, leading to negative outcomes for children. By contrast, we find no effect of parental divorce among children whose parents were likely to divorce. Children of high-risk marriages, who face many social disadvantages over childhood irrespective of parental marital status, may anticipate or otherwise accommodate to the dissolution of their parents' marriage. Our results suggest that family disruption does not uniformly disrupt children's attainment.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Divórcio , Escolaridade , Pais , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(10): 10153-10162, 2019 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821141

RESUMO

Ultrathin two-dimensional NiS/Ni(OH)2 nanosheets (NiS/Ni(OH)2 NSs) were successfully filled within the hollow interiors of ammonium polyacrylate-functionalized polypyrrole nanotubes (NH4PA/PPyNTs) by a simple solvothermal method. This kind of novel hierarchical nanostructures with typical structural features of a nanoconfined system, denoted by NiS/Ni(OH)2/NH4PA/PPyNTs, were prepared by two main sections: polyacrylic acid (PAA) was first polymerized on PPyNTs containing vinyl groups, and the obtained PAA/PPyNTs exhibited a typical Janus structure, whose external surface was covered with carboxyl groups and the internal surface was still covered with PPy chains; second, Ni2+ ions as a precursor were facilely combined with -NH- segments in PPy chains by the coordination interaction under the solvothermal environment; therefore, NiS/Ni(OH)2 NSs (<1 nm) were well distributed on the internal surface of NH4PA/PPyNTs by the in situ growth. Because of the synergistic effects of ionizable NH4PA, PPy with good conductivity, NiS and Ni(OH)2 with electrocatalytical activity, as well as the nanoconfinement effect, the obtained NiS/Ni(OH)2@NH4PA/PPyNTs exhibited excellent electrocatalytic performance for detecting glucose. Sufficiently thin shells composed of ionizable NH4PA and good conductive PPyNTs can not only promote the electronic transmission effectively during the electrochemical detection of glucose but also hardly limit the transport of glucose and products. In addition, ultrathin NiS/Ni(OH)2 NSs may further enhance the electrocatalytic performance for glucose because of the more exposed active sites with the large surface area. Therefore, NiS/Ni(OH)2@NH4PA/PPyNTs can be applied as a good electrode material with stability and sensitivity for building a nonenzymatic glucose sensor.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Glucose/isolamento & purificação , Nanotubos/química , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Compostos de Amônio/química , Glucose/química , Humanos , Nanocompostos/química , Níquel/química , Polímeros/química , Pirróis/química
17.
Talanta ; 197: 277-283, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771935

RESUMO

In this article, a novel electroactivity-adjustable poly (ionic liquids)/reduced graphene oxide (PIL-GP) was developed and utilized for the fabrication of multifunctional, high stable electrochemical sensors. The structure, morphology and surface charge properties of PIL-GP have been systematically studied. And the selective detection performance of dopamine (DA) on PIL-GP modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) were further explored by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). More importantly, by virtue of the anion exchange property of PIL, electroactive Fe(CN)63-/PIL-GP/GCE and Polyoxometalates (PWA)/PIL-GP/GCE were easily fabricated and their electrochemical detection performance of ascorbic acid (AA) and bromate were investigated respectively. The results showed that PIL-GP/GCE based electrochemical sensors provided higher sensitivity, lower detection limits and outstanding anti-interference ability in certain detection system. It was indicated that this general approach to construct electroactivity-adjustable sensors with various electroactive anions possessed a broad application prospect.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(11): 10967-10974, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793582

RESUMO

In this article, we describe a method to fabricate magnetic-responsive Janus nanosheets with catalytic properties via the surface protection method. Fe3O4 nanoparticles and PW12O403--based ionic liquid are located on the two opposite sides of the Janus nanosheets, respectively. The Janus nanosheets are characterized by Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and ζ-potential analyses. They are used as recyclable catalysts to the esterification reaction of methanol and oleic acid for their magnetic-responsive and catalytic properties. The esterification ratio is up to 80% and there is nearly no change when Fe3O4 nanoparticles/PW12O403--based ionic liquid composite nanosheets were recycled four times.

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(4): 2649-2659, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720100

RESUMO

Non­alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common fatty liver disease in developed countries, in which fat accumulation in the liver is induced by non­alcoholic factors. The present study was conducted to identify NAFLD­associated long non­coding RNAs (lncRNAs), mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs). The microarray dataset GSE72756, which included 5 NAFLD liver tissues and 5 controls, was acquired from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed lncRNAs (DE­lncRNAs) and mRNAs (DE­mRNAs) were detected using the pheatmap package. Using the clusterProfiler package and Cytoscape software, enrichment and protein­protein interaction (PPI) network analyses were conducted to evaluate the DE­mRNAs. Next, the miRNA­lncRNA­mRNA interaction network was visualized using Cytoscape software. Additionally, RP11­279F6.1 and AC004540.4 expression levels were analyzed by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. There were 318 DE­lncRNAs and 609 DE­mRNAs identified in the NAFLD tissues compared with the normal tissues. Jun proto­oncogene, AP­1 transcription factor subunit (JUN), which is regulated by AC004540.4 and RP11­279F6.1, exhibited higher degree compared with other nodes in the PPI network. Furthermore, miR­409­3p and miR­139 (targeting JUN) were predicted as PPI network nodes. In the miRNA­lncRNA­mRNA network, miR­20a and B­cell lymphoma 2­like 11 (BCL2L11) were among the top 10 nodes. Additionally, BCL2L11, AC004540.4 and RP11­279F6.1 were targeted by miR­20a, miR­409­3p and miR­139 in the miRNA­lncRNA­mRNA network, respectively. RP11­279F6.1 and AC004540.4 expression was markedly enhanced in NAFLD liver tissues. These key RNAs may be involved in the pathogenic mechanisms of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante , RNA Mensageiro , Adulto , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Adulto Jovem
20.
Micron ; 120: 80-90, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807983

RESUMO

Plant virus was a kind of organism lived depending on infecting viable host cell and propagated their posterity by replicating its hereditary nucleotide, transcripting into protein, assembling protein and nucleotide into virion (Ortín and Parra, 2006; Sanfaçon, 2005). Viral infection usually induces remodeling of host cell, especially endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for generating membrane packed viral factory. During the infection of Bymovirus, a kind of membranous body (MB) was generated in host cells, which is thought as an ER aggregate. In present study we performed a study on Wheat yellow mosaic virus (WYMV) induced MB by several transmission electron microscopy (TEM) based methods, including cytological observation, component analysis by immuno-gold labeling and structural analysis by electron tomography (ET). WYMV infection induced at least two morphologies of MB, including the lamella dominated morphology (lamella-MB) looked like sprawling cirrus, and the tubule dominated morphology (tubule-MB) looked like latticed network. MB was verified composing of ER as revealed by immuno-gold labeling by antibody against endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention signal as well as by detailed observation of MB construction modules as double layer membrane. By immuno-gold labeling, both two MB morphologies (lamella-MB and tubule-MB) had same components in viral derived protein and membrane origination (from ER). Structural analysis by ET reconstruction revealed the organization of ER in MB. Lamella-MB was composed of cesER like structures arranged irregularly whereas tubule-MB was composed of tubER like structures arranged regularly. This study provided insights into the structural details in how Bymovirus utilizing host membrane system.

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