Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.162
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 784-786, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619950

RESUMO

The case is presented on a 33-year-old woman with sudden vision loss for more than 20 days without a history of steroid use either locally or systemically. There was a history of connective tissue disease. The fundus fluorescein angiogram and optical coherence tomography showed multiple central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) complicated by exudative retinal detachment (ERD). Meanwhile, the computed tomography of the adrenal suggested an adrenal adenoma. After complete tumor resection, the visual and anatomical functions of this patient have been significantly improved. Moreover, recurrence of CSC complicated by ERD was not observed during 9 months clinical follow-up after surgery. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 784-786).


Assuntos
Adenoma , Coriorretinopatia Serosa Central , Doenças da Coroide , Descolamento Retiniano , Adulto , Coriorretinopatia Serosa Central/diagnóstico , Coriorretinopatia Serosa Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Humanos , Descolamento Retiniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Descolamento Retiniano/etiologia
2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 912-919, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530600

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of neuregulin-1(NRG-1) on cardiac glucose metabolism in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with experimental myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Adult male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: the sham-operated group, MI group, and MI+NRG1 group. The rat MI model was established via ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Two weeks after operation, echocardiography was performed, MI rats with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) between 0.3-0.5 were selected and randomly assigned to MI group and MI+NRG-1 group. Rats in MI+NRG-1 group were treated with recombinant human NRG-1ß (100 µg/kg) via tail vein at 2 weeks after operation (twice per week for 6 weeks); while rats in sham-operated group and MI group received equal volume of physiological saline. By the end of administration, echocardiography and small animal positron emission tomography (PET) were performed to detect cardiac function and myocardial glucose uptake. Myocardial morphology and collagen volume fraction, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were evaluated by histopathologic analysis. Myocardial pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and citrate synthase (CS) activity, as well as ATP production were detected by commercial kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of NRG-1, p-ErbB4, and key factors involved in glucose metabolism (including Glut-4, HK2, PDK4, PDH, CS) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot assay, respectively. Results: With the MI model successfully established, the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular shortening fraction(LVFS) were significantly lower in MI group and MI+NRG-1 group than that in sham group (both P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between MI group and MI+NRG-1 group(all P>0.05). After 6 weeks of NRG-1ß intervention, the LVEF and LVFS were significantly higher in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (both P<0.01). By the end of experiment, PET imaging showed that the mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) were lower in MI+NRG-1 group than in the sham group (4.06±0.28 vs. 5.18±0.37, P<0.01), while significantly higher than that in MI group (4.06±0.28 vs.2.86±0.49, P<0.01). Histopathological analysis showed that compared with MI group, rats in MI+NRG-1 group exhibited significantly decreased left ventricle collagen volume fraction ((7.83±1.24) % vs. (18.31±3.58) %, P<0.01), cardiomyocyte apoptosis((37.98±4.26)% vs. (67.04±5.38)%, P<0.01), and DHE fluorescence intensity(0.057 28±0.007 06 vs. 0.076 94±0.008 46, P<0.01), indicating that NRG-1ß could reduce ROS production. PDH activity, CS activity, and ATP production were significantly higher in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (all P<0.05). qRT-PCR demonstrated an upregulated Glut-4, HK2 and CS, but downregulated PDK4 mRNA expression in MI+NRG-1 group compared with MI group (all P<0.01). Western blot assay showed significantly higher protein expression of NRG-1, p-ErbB4, Glut-4, HK2, PDH, CS in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: NRG-1 could improve glucose uptake and utilization in myocardium by activating phosphorylation of myocardial ErbB4 receptor in MI rats, thus providing a therapeutic option for improving energy metabolism after MI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Neuregulina-1 , Animais , Glucose , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(9): 968-972, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530581

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship of microcystic elongated fragmented (MELF) and clinicopathological features of patients with low grade endometrial endometrioid carcinoma, and to analyze its impact on prognosis. Methods: The clinical pathological data of 512 cases with low grade endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma were collected. The MELF invasive pattern in all of the sections were reappraised. The correlations between MELF pattern and clinicopathological features were analyzed by chi-square test, and the independent risk factor of lymph node metastasis were evaluated by Logistic multivariate regression analysis. Survival curves was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method, and Log-rank test was used to compare progression free survival (PFS) between patients with or without MELF pattern. Disease progression-related multivariate analysis was carried out by Cox proportional hazards model. Results: MELF pattern was observed in 12.9% (66/512) low grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma. It was significantly associated with cervical stroma invasion, more than half of the depth of myometrial invasion, lymph node metastasis and vessel invasion (P<0.05). In addition, MELF pattern was an independent risk factor for lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The 5-year PFS of patients with and without MELF pattern were 95.0% and 96.0% respectively (P>0.05). Conclusions: The patients with MELF pattern are more likely accompany with cervical stroma and deeper myometrium invasion, vessel invasion, and lymph node metastasis, and it is an independent risk factor of lymph node metastasis. However, MELF pattern has no significant impact on prognosis of patients with endometrioid carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(9): 090504, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506165

RESUMO

The ability to manipulate quantum systems lies at the heart of the development of quantum technology. The ultimate goal of quantum control is to realize arbitrary quantum operations (AQUOs) for all possible open quantum system dynamics. However, the demanding extra physical resources impose great obstacles. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a universal approach of AQUO on a photonic qudit with the minimum physical resource of a two-level ancilla and a log_{2}d-scale circuit depth for a d-dimensional system. The AQUO is then applied in a quantum trajectory simulation for quantum subspace stabilization and quantum Zeno dynamics, as well as incoherent manipulation and generalized measurements of the qudit. Therefore, the demonstrated AQUO for complete quantum control would play an indispensable role in quantum information science.

6.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 686-691, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the early efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel combined with carboplatin in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: From May 2017 to July 2019, fifteen patients with mCRPC treated in Peking University First Hospital were collected. The median age was 70 years (43-77 years), and the pathological types were all adenocarcinoma, which was confirmed as distant metastasis by imaging examination. They were given the chemotherapy of docetaxel combined with carboplatin. The specific method was as follows: each cycle was 28 days. Androgen deprivation therapy was administered routinely throughout the treatment period. Blood routine, liver and kidney function, blood clotting function and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests were performed before each cycle. Docetaxel was administered intravenously on the first day of each cycle at a dose of 75 mg/m2, and carboplatin was administered intravenously on the second day at the dose calculated by Calvert formula. The main outcome measures including PSA decline range, pain remission rate and occurrence of adverse reactions were observed and analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 15 patients, 12 had completed at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy and had short-term efficacy evaluation. PSA decline range > 50% was observed in 8 patients (66.7%). Among the 9 patients with bone pain, remarkable pain relief was observed in 4 patients (44.4%). Among the 4 patients with measurable metastatic lesions, 2 achieved partial response, 1 was evaluated as stable disease, and 1 was evaluated as progressive disease. The main adverse reactions of chemotherapy included bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal reactions, fatigue and neurological disorders, and most of them were within the tolerable range. CONCLUSION: This report is a case series study of docetaxel combined with carboplatin in the treatment of mCRPC reported in China and the conclusions are representative. The chemotherapy of docetaxel combined with carboplatin has positive short-term efficacy and high safety in patients with mCRPC, which is worthy of further promotion and exploration in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Idoso , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 697-703, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urinary continence recovery time and risk factors of urinary continence recovery after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: From January 2019 to January 2021, a consecutive series of patients with localized prostate cancer (cT1-T3, cN0, cM0) were prospectively collected. RARP with total anatomical reconstruction was performed in all the cases by an experienced surgeon. Lymph node dissection was performed if the patient was in high-risk group according to the D'Amico risk classification. The primary endpoint was urinary continence recovery time after catheter removal. Postoperative and pathological variables were analyzed. Continence was rigo-rously analyzed 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal. Continence was evaluated by recording diaper pads used per day, and all the patients were instructed to perform the 24-hour pad weight test until full recovery of urinary continence. The patient was defined as continent if no more than one safety pad were needed per day, or no more than 20-gram urine leakage on the 24-hour pad weight test. Time from catheter removal to full recovery of urinary continence was recorded, and risk factors influencing continence recovery time evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 166 patients were analyzed. The mean age of the enrolled patients was 66.2 years, and the median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 8.51 µg/L. A total of 59 patients (35.5%) had bilateral lymphatic dissection, and 28 (16.9%) underwent neurovascular bundle (NVB) preservation surgery. Postoperative pathology results showed that stage pT1 in 1 case (0.6%), stage pT2 in 77 cases (46.4%), stage pT3 in 86 cases (51.8%), and positive margins in 28 patients (16.9%). Among patients who underwent lymph node dissection, lymph node metastasis was found in 7 cases (11.9%). Median continence recovery time was one week. The number of the continent patients at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 65 (39.2%), 32 (19.3%), 34 (20.5%), 24 (14.5%), and 9 (5.4%). Two patients remained incontinent 24 weeks after catheter removal. The continence rates after catheter removal at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 39.2%, 58.4%, 78.9%, 93.4%, and 98.8%, respectively. Univariate COX analysis revealed that diabetes appeared to influence continence recovery time (OR=1.589, 95%CI: 1.025-2.462, P=0.038). At the end of 48 hours, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal, the mean OABSS score of the continent group was significantly lower than that of the incontinent group. CONCLUSION: RARP showed promising results in the recovery of urinary continence. Diabetes was a risk factor influencing continence recovery time. Bladder overactive symptoms play an important role in the recovery of continence after RARP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Robótica , Incontinência Urinária , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 609-614, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371528

RESUMO

As a digestive organ, the liver has the functions of metabolism, synthesis, and detoxification. It is also an immune organ and plays an important role in maintaining anti-infection, autoimmune stability, and anti-tumor. In particular, the liver has unique immunological advantages. Its immune cells can maintain the liver's immune homeostasis and participate in immunoregulation. A variety of immunotherapy is used in clinical trials for the treatment of difficult and critical liver diseases. This review mainly summarizes the recent clinical trials of immunotherapy in chronic hepatitis B, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and autoimmune liver disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344095

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the frequency characteristics and the pathological characteristics of the horizontal crista ampullaris in patients with Meniere's disease,and to analyse its structural basis. Methods: Between March, 2019 and November, 2019, seventy-two patients diagnosed as Meniere's disease (27 males and 45 females, aged from 13 to 74 years, with a course of disease ranging from 4 months to 32 years)in Shandong Provincial ENT Hospital were included.Caloric test, sinusoidal harmonic acceleration test (SHA), video-head impulse test (v-HIT), Gadolinium-enhanced inner-ear 3D-FLAIR MRI and pure tone audiometry were conducted in the patients. The function of the horizontal semicircular canal in these patients were analysed as well as its relationship with the degree of endolymphatic hydrops,clinical stage and duration. Light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the ultrastructure of horizontal semicircular canal crista ampullaris from six patients with refractory Meniere's disease who underwent labyrinthectomy. The number of type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ vestibular hair cells, the common pathophysiological changes of horizontal semicircular canal crista ampullaris were investigated in these patients. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 19.0. Results: With the increase of detection frequency, the abnormal rate decreased gradually. The abnormal rate of caloric test was 69.4% (50/72), SHA 51.4% (37/72), V-HIT 36.1% (26/72), comparation of the positive rate among the three tests showed statistically significant differences(P<0.05).Neither caloric test nor SHA had correlation with the degree of hydrops(P>0.05), but v-HIT(r=0.434,P<0.01).There was correlation with clinical stage to SHA and v-HIT(r=0.338,0.462,P<0.01), except caloric test(P>0.05).No significant relation was found with caloric test, SHA, v-HIT and course of disease(P>0.05).Morphological observation found abnormal monolayer epithelialization of the horizontal semicircular canal crista ampullaris significantly decreased number of type Ⅱ hair cells compared with type Ⅰhair cells. Hair cells showed perinuclear vacuolization, cytoplasmic vacuoles, mitochondrial electron density increasement and loss of stereocilia. Conclusions: The horizontal semicircular canal damage in the patients with Meniere's disease has a frequency-dependent characteristic, mainly occurres in low frequency area. With progress of the disease, the high frequency area of ampulla will be impaired gradually, and it is related to the degree of endolymphatic hydrops and hearing level. Hair cell injury would be observed,the frequency characteristics may be more associated with the disorder of type Ⅱ hair cells.


Assuntos
Hidropisia Endolinfática , Doença de Meniere , Testes Calóricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Canais Semicirculares , Ductos Semicirculares
11.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(8): 872-877, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407594

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the diagnostic value of synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (syMRI) quantitative parameters for benign and malignant breast lesions. Methods: From September 2018 to March 2019, a total of 43 cases of breast lesions which were confirmed by surgery and pathology in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent syMRI sequence scans before and after enhancement except for conventional T2WI, DWI, and enhancement scans. GE AW4.7 workstation was used to generate syMRI parameter maps (T1, T2, proton density mappings), and ITK-SNAP software was used to delineate the volume of interest. The T1, T2, PD values before and after dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) were obtained, and the change values of each parameter were calculated. Meanwhile, the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and time intensity curve (TIC) of the lesions were measured. The differences of each parameter value were compared between benign and malignant breast lesions, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic performance of each parameter. Results: Among the 43 enrolled cases, 13 were benign and 30 were malignant. Among the syMRI parameters, the pre-enhancement parameters including T1pre (median 1 663.07 ms), T2pre (median 103.33 ms), post-enhancement parameters ΔT1 (median 1 022.68 ms) and ΔT2 (median 27.67 ms) of benign group, significantly higher than those of the malignant group (the medians were 1 141.74, 92.53, 664.95, and 16.19 ms, respectively, P<0.05). The ADC value of the benign group (median 1.66×10(-3)mm(2)/s) was significantly higher than that of the malignant group (median 1.00×10(-3)mm(2)/s, P<0.05). The benign group included 6 cases of TIC curve type Ⅰ, 5 cases of type Ⅱ, and 2 cases of type Ⅲ. The malignant group included 2 cases of TIC curve type Ⅰ, 17 cases of type Ⅱ, and 11 cases of type Ⅲ. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of T1pre before DCE was 0.869, higher than 0.806 of ADC and 0.697 of TIC. When the best cut-off value of 1 282.94 ms was chosen, the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis were 76.9% and 93.3%, respectively. The combination of T1pre and T2pre can further improve the diagnostic performance (AUC=0.908). Conclusions: Among the syMRI quantitative parameters, T1pre, T2pre, ΔT1 and ΔT2 have good value for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast lesions. T1pre has the best diagnostic performance, and the combination of T1pre and T2pre can further improve the diagnostic performance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Meios de Contraste , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(31): 2448-2453, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399558

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of serum lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), amyloid A (SAA) and immunoglobulin E (IgE) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) mellitus complicated with atherosclerotic disease. Methods: From June to December 2019, 224 patients with T2DM in the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University were selected, including 144 males and 80 females, aged (61±11) years. According to the results of imaging examination, the patients were divided into T2DM with AS group (T2DM-AS group, n=160) and T2DM group (n=64); Healthy subjects in the same period were selected as healthy control group (n=160). Lp-PLA2, IgE, SAA, hs-CRP, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C and Hcy were detected in all patients and healthy controls. The correlation between the above indexes, gender, age and T2DM with AS was analyzed; Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of T2DM with AS. Results: Compared with the healthy control group, the levels of IgE and Lp-PLA2 in T2DM-AS group and T2DM group were increased, and the levels of SAA in T2DM-AS group were increased (all P<0.05); Compared with T2DM group, the levels of Lp-PLA2, IgE and SAA were increased in T2DM-AS group (all P<0.05). T2DM with AS was positively correlated with age, IgE, Lp-PLA2 and SAA (r=0.468, 0.269, 0.486, 0.418, all P<0.05), and negatively correlated with HDL-C (r=-0.338, P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR=0.865, 95%CI: 0.763-0.982, P<0.05), IgE (OR=0.910, 95%CI: 0.840-0.987, P<0.05) and Lp-PLA2 (OR=0.942, 95%CI: 0.910-0.986, P<0.05) were risk factors of T2DM with AS. ROC curve showed that the combined detection of Lp-PLA2, SAA and IgE could improve the diagnostic efficiency of T2DM with AS (AUC=0.895, P<0.05), the sensitivity was 80.0%, and the specificity was 93.7%. Conclusion: The levels of Lp-PLA2, IgE and SAA increase in T2DM patients with AS. The combined detection of Lp-PLA2, SAA and IgE can improve the diagnostic efficiency of T2DM patients with AS.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , 1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterase , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reativa , Pré-Escolar , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
13.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(8): 757-759, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304453

RESUMO

To analyze the prognostic factors of extramedullary relapse (EMR) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).The clinical data of 33 relapsed patients in 95 ALL patients receiving allo-HSCT were analyzed retrospectively. The median time of relapse was 5.7 (0.7-52.3) months. Extramedullary relapse was recorded in 10 cases (10.5%), bone marrow relapse in 15 cases (15.8%), and both extramedullary and marrow relapse were seen in 8 cases (8.4%). The median time of EMR was 7.4(0.7-52.3) months. The most commonly involved organ was central nervous system, followed by testis and bone. The 3-year OS rate in EMR patients was (33.3±11.1) %. Univariate analysis showed that disease state before transplantation (P=0.026), extramedullary infiltration before transplantation (P=0.005), conditioning regimens (P=0.033) and acute graft-versus-host disease(aGVHD) (P=0.013) were significantly correlated with EMR. Multivariate analysis suggested that extramedullary infiltration (RR=5.067, 95%CI1.542-16.645, P=0.007) and aGVHD(RR=3.585, 95%CI1.245-10.320, P=0.018) were independent predictive factors of EMR in ALL patients after allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318563

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) generally display tissue-specific distributions, and testis-specific lncRNAs form the highest proportion of lncRNAs in many species. Here, we presented a detailed analysis of testis-specific lncRNAs in the melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae, a highly destructive insect pest of cucurbitaceous and other related crops. Most testis-specific lncRNAs were found to be long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNA). The size distribution of these lncRNAs ranged between 600 and 1000 nucleotides. Testis-specific lncRNAs that harboured one isoform number and two exons were the most abundant. Compared to other male tissues, the testis had more highly expressed lncRNAs. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results of 10 randomly selected testis-specific lncRNAs showed expression patterns consistent with RNA-seq data. Further analysis of the most highly expressed testis-specific lncRNA, lnc94638, was undertaken. Fluorescent in situ hybridization assays localized lnc94638 to the apical region of the testis that contains mature spermatozoa. RNA interference-mediated knockdown of lnc94638 expression reduced spermatozoa numbers and impaired the fertility of Z. cucurbitae male. This study provides a catalogue of testis-specific lncRNAs, shows that the testis-specific lnc94638 is involved in spermatogenesis and has the potential to be used for treating male sterility.

15.
ESMO Open ; 6(4): 100206, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the survival benefit of asparaginase (ASP)-based versus non-ASP-based chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy in a real-world cohort of patients with early-stage extranodal nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 376 patients who received combined radiotherapy with either ASP-based (ASP, platinum, and gemcitabine; n = 286) or non-ASP-based (platinum and gemcitabine; n = 90) regimens. The patients were stratified into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups using the early stage-adjusted nomogram-revised risk index. Overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis (DM)-free survival (DMFS) between the chemotherapy regimens were compared using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: ASP-based (versus non-ASP-based) regimens significantly improved 5-year OS (84.5% versus 73.2%, P = 0.021) and DMFS (84.4% versus 74.5%, P = 0.014) for intermediate- and high-risk patients, but not for low-risk patients in the setting of radiotherapy. Moreover, ASP-based regimens decreased DM, with a 5-year cumulative DM rate of 14.9% for ASP-based regimens compared with 25.1% (P = 0.014) for non-ASP-based regimens. The survival benefit of ASP-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy remained consistent after adjusting the confounding variables using IPTW and multivariate analyses; additional sensitivity analyses confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provided support for ASP-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy as a first-line treatment strategy for intermediate- and high-risk early-stage ENKTCL.

16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(2): 020504, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296922

RESUMO

Digital quantum simulators provide a diversified tool for solving the evolution of quantum systems with complicated Hamiltonians and hold great potential for a wide range of applications. Although much attention is paid to the unitary evolution of closed quantum systems, dissipation and noise are vital in understanding the dynamics of practical quantum systems. In this work, we experimentally demonstrate a digital simulation of an open quantum system in a controllable Markovian environment with the assistance of a single ancillary qubit. By Trotterizing the quantum Liouvillians, the continuous evolution of an open quantum system is effectively realized, and its application in error mitigation is demonstrated by adjusting the simulated noise intensities. High-order Trotter for open quantum dynamics is also experimentally investigated and shows higher accuracy. Our results represent a significant step toward hardware-efficient simulation of open quantum systems and error mitigation in quantum algorithms in noisy intermediate-scale quantum systems.

17.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287816

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is one of the most aggressive cancers in the world. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) is one of major enzymes in the de novo synthesis of fatty acids and is related to cancer aggressiveness and poor patient prognosis. The study aimed to construct exosomes loaded SCD-1 interference, investigate its effects and mechanisms on the cell proliferation and apoptosis of ATC cells. METHODS: The expressions of SCD-1 in normal thyroid cell line and ATC cell lines were determined by qRT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Exosomes were prepared and purification then loaded with SCD-1 siRNA by electroporation and observed by transmission electron microscopy. Higher SCD-1 mRNA and protein levels were found in ATC cell lines compared than normal thyroid cell line (P < 0.05), and both Hth-7 and FRO cells could uptake PKH67-labeled exosomes. The effects of exosomes loaded SCD-1 siRNA on ATC cells were measured by CCK8 assay and apoptosis detection kit. RESULTS: When compared with control group, the cell viability significantly decreased in both two ATC cell lines taken up exosomes loaded SCD-1 siRNA (P < 0.001), and apoptotic and necrotic cells obviously increased (P < 0.05). In order to explore the mechanism of exosomes loaded SCD-1 on ATC, the ROS level was detected by fluorescence reagent. It was found that exosomes loaded SCD-1 siRNA significantly increased intracellular ROS level of ATC cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Exosomes loaded SCD-1 siRNA inhibited ATC cellular proliferation and promoted cellular apoptosis, and the mechanisms involved maybe the regulation of fatty acids metabolism and ROS level. Our study provides a promising therapeutic strategy for ATC.

18.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(6): 505-509, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225424

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common chronic liver disease in the world. Liver cirrhosis, liver cancer and a variety of extrahepatic chronic diseases are important risk factors for NAFLD. Currently, there is still a lack of effective therapeutic drugs. Liver inflammation is a key driving factor for the progression of NAFLD, so regulating liver inflammation may provide a potential means to delay and reverse the progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Studies have found that the gut-liver-immune axis plays an important role in the progression of NASH. Gut microbiota can use its metabolites to induce glycolipid toxicity, oxidative stress and intestinal barrier damage, while bacterial components such as lipopolysaccharides, peptidoglycans, bacterial DNA and extracellular vesicles can translocate into the liver through the damaged intestinal barrier, causing excessive activation of immune cells, thus aggravating liver inflammation and promoting the progress of NASH. This paper focuses on the gut-liver-immune axis to analyze the gut microbiota mediated liver immunity and its mechanism in the occurrence and development of NASH, so as to lay a theoretical foundation for the research and development of new therapeutic strategies for NASH.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia
19.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(7): 787-794, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289574

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma of the extra-upper aerodigestive tract (extra-UADT NKTCL). Methods: The clinical data of 159 patients with extra-UADT NKTCL from the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group (CLCG) database between November 2001 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log-rank test were used to evaluate the prognosis. The Cox regression model is used for multi-factor analysis. Results: Extra-UADT NKTCL commonly occurs in skin and soft tissues (106/159, 66.7%) and gastrointestinal tract (31/159, 19.5%). The incidences of elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and Ann Arbor Ⅲ~Ⅳ stage were 47.8% (76/159) and 64.2% (102/159), respectively. The 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 43.6% and 27.9%, respectively. The corresponding OS rates of primary skin/soft tissue site and gastrointestinal tract site were 41.0% and 59.4% (P=0.281), while the PFS rates were 24.8% and 48.3%, respectively (P=0.109). Combined modality treatment improved the 3-year OS of all the patients (58.4% vs 33.9%, P=0.001) and 3-year PFS (40.7% vs 20.7%, P=0.008) when compared with chemotherapy alone. LDH elevation, Ann Arbor synthesising and ≥2 junction external bits were intrusive as independent risk factors for total survival (P<0.05), LDH elevation and ≥2 junction outer bits were intrusive as independent risk factors for progressionless survival(P<0.05). The distant extranodal dissemination was the primary failure patterns. Conclusions: Extra-UADT NKTCL appears to have distinct clinical characteristics and poor outcome. Compared with chemotherapy alone, combined modality treatment may improve the prognosis of patients with extra-UADT NKTCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , China , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(10): 3807-3821, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of rehabilitation training on cognitive impairment after cerebrovascular accident and its potential mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 100 patients of cerebrovascular accident treated in our hospital from August 2018 to August 2019 were selected as the subjects, and 50 patients with physical examination were selected as healthy control group. The patients with cerebrovascular accident were randomly divided into control group (50 patients) and research group (50 patients). The patients in the control group were given routine medication, the patients in research group were given rehabilitation training on the basis of routine drug therapy. The blood samples were collected on admission and 6 months after admission to detect the molecular markers related to inflammation, nerve cell nutrition and function and apoptosis in the serum. The cognitive function was evaluated by scales. We established a rat cerebral ischemia model, compared the differences in the evasive latency, serum CRP, BNDF, Bcl-2, BAX, Glu, NE levels and BNDF, TrkB, pTrkB, JNK levels in hippocampus, amygdala, and prefrontal tissue between model rats after rehabilitation training and model rats without rehabilitation training. RESULTS: On admission, there were no significant differences in the scores of Barthel index (BI), Fugl-Meyer motor function scale (FM), Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA) and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) (p>0.05). 6 months later, the above scores and BNDF, Bcl-2, and norepinephrine were significantly higher in the research group (p<0.05), while CRP, Bax, 5-HT and glutamate in the research group were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Rehabilitation training can improve the motor function, mental state and cognitive level of patients, reduce the levels of neurotoxic factors, pro-inflammatory factors and pro-apoptotic factors, and improve the levels of inhibiting apoptotic factors, neurotrophic factors and neurotransmitters. In animal experiments, rehabilitation training can increase BDNF and its activated receptors in hippocampus, amygdala and prefrontal lobe of rats, and decrease JNK of apoptotic protein, suggesting that rehabilitation training may regulate the expression of apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bax by upregulating BDNF and its receptors and acting on JNK pathway, thereby inhibiting cell apoptosis and improving cognitive impairment after cerebrovascular accident.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...