Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.165
Filtrar
1.
Oncogene ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024967

RESUMO

Bone marrow plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) promote tumor growth, survival, drug resistance, and immune suppression. Understanding the molecular signaling crosstalk among the tumor cells, pDCs and immune cells will identify novel therapeutic approaches to enhance anti-MM immunity. Using oligonucleotide arrays, we found that pDC-MM interactions induce metabolic enzyme Alpha-Enolase (ENO1) in both pDCs and MM cells. Analysis of MM patient gene expression profiling database showed that ENO1 expression inversely correlates with overall survival. Protein expression analysis showed that ENO1 is expressed in pDC and MM cells; and importantly, that pDC-MM coculture further increases ENO1 expression in both MM cells and pDCs. Using our coculture models of patient autologous pDC-T-NK-MM cells, we examined whether targeting ENO1 can enhance anti-MM immunity. Biochemical inhibition of ENO1 with ENO1 inhibitor (ENO1i) activates pDCs, as well as increases pDC-induced MM-specific CD8+ CTL and NK cell activity against autologous tumor cells. Combination of ENO1i and anti-PD-L1 Ab or HDAC6i ACY-241 enhances autologous MM-specific CD8+ CTL activity. Our preclinical data therefore provide the basis for novel immune-based therapeutic approaches targeting ENO1, alone or in combination with anti-PD-L1 Ab or ACY241, to restore anti-MM immunity, enhance MM cytotoxicity, and improve patient outcome.

2.
Opt Lett ; 45(4): 901-904, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058500

RESUMO

We report a facile top-flat square nanosecond (ns) laser direct writing ablation technique in a thin silver film substrate to fabricate the silver square-shaped cell structure of flexible transparent electrodes. Square silver cell structures feature smooth surface morphology, excellent edge definition, mechanical stability, strong adhesion to the substrate, and favorable resistance and transparency. In particular, this strategy enables fabrication of a high square-shaped cell areal density (ablated square cell to the total area) Ag mesh, substantially improving transparency ($ {\gt} {85}\% $>85%) without considerably sacrificing conductivity ($ {\lt} {5}\;\Omega \;{{\rm sq}^{ - 1}}$<5Ωsq-1 unit of resistance). Consequently, the proposed metallic square-shaped structure shows compatibility with a polyethylene naphthalate flexible substrate for silver-based wearable electronic devices without any protective layer over the electrodes.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19158, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shenmai injection (SMI) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine patent prescription consisting of extractions from ophiopogonis radix and ginseng radix rubra. Clinical studies showed that SMI combined with conventional medicine treatment (CMT) can enhance the therapeutic efficacy for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, there is still a lack of comprehensive and systematic evidence, which urgently requires us to verify its therapeutic efficacy. Hence, we provide a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The systematic search on the MEDLINE/PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database, the Cochrane Library, Embase and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) in Chinese and English language with dates ranging from the earliest record to August 8, 2019. Next, the quality of each trial was assessed according to the criteria of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Then, the outcome data were recorded and pooled by RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: The systematic review and meta-analysis aims to review and pool current clinical outcomes of SMI for the adjuvant treatment of DCM. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a high-quality evidence of SMI for the adjuvant treatment on DCM patients. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019146369.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069972

RESUMO

With the unprecedented urbanization during the past three decades, air quality in many Chinese cities has been a serious issue which poses great challenges for urban sustainability. This study examines the health consequences of development patterns in China by establishing the linkage between urban form, air pollution level, and cardiorespiratory mortality rate. We assembled a dataset by compiling a series of variables from multiple sources, including China's Disease Surveillance Points (DSP) system, which forms a nationally representative sample of mortality for the year 2005, Chinese census, satellite imagery, and the Chinese National Land Use Database. After controlling for local climate, demography, socioeconomics, and other pollution factors, this study finds that urban form elements (e.g., urban density, fragmentation level, forest/green space ratio) have significant influences on PM2.5 (atmospheric particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers) concentration, thus influencing the incidence of cardiorespiratory mortality at the county level. These results may help explain how the type and pattern of development shape public health by influencing air quality and form an evidence-based land use policy to improve environmental quality and public health.

5.
Environ Int ; 137: 105553, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086077

RESUMO

The effects of lead as a dietary pollutant remain a global public health concern that needs urgent resolution. Children are highly susceptible to the adverse outcomes of lead pollution, as even low levels of lead may cause irreversible damage to intellectual development. Since several sources of lead exposure are present in the environment, it is necessary to identify the attributable burden of lead-related diseases arising from different exposure sources. In the present study, we used epidemiological data from studies around the nation to estimate the burden of mild intellectual disability (MID) attributed to lead exposure sources by using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). To this end, a dose-response approach was used and a model comprising three components was established: exposure, dose-response, and DALYs module. In Chinese children aged 0-6 years, blood lead levels (BLLs) of 5.34 ± 3.09 µg/dL resulted in a MID incidence rate of 12.84 cases per 1000 children, with an estimated burden of disease (BoD) of 42.23 DALYs per 1000 children. Owing to dietary lead exposure, 36.64 healthy life years per 1000 children were lost, which was notably higher than the outcomes associated with exposure from other sources. This was consistent with the result that dietary exposure was the main contributor to children's lead exposure, accounting for 86.76%. According to the regional distribution based on the existing literature, the areas in China with higher BLLs were Heilongjiang, Shanxi, and Jiangxi. Our findings provided the information for lead risk management decisions and policies making.

6.
Trials ; 21(1): 125, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a complex lung pathological lesion secondary to multiple factors and one of the most common chronic lung diseases. It has a poor prognosis, especially in preterm infants. However, effective therapies for this disease are lacking. Stem-cell therapy is a promising way to improve lung injury and abnormal alveolarization, and the human umbilical cord (hUC) is a good source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which have demonstrated efficacy in other diseases. We hypothesized that intravenously administered allogeneic hUC-MSCs are safe and effective for severe BPD. METHODS: The MSC-BPD trial is a randomized, single-center, open-label, dose-escalation, phase-II trial designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of hUC-MSCs in children with severe BPD. In this study, 72 patients will be enrolled and randomly divided into two intervention groups and one control group. Patients in the intervention groups will receive a low dose of hUC-MSCs (n = 24; 2.5 million cells/kg) or a high dose of hUC-MSCs (n = 24; 5 million cells/kg) in combination with traditional supportive treatments for BPD. The patients in the control group (n = 24) will be treated with traditional supportive treatments alone without hUC-MSCs. The primary outcome measures will be cumulative duration of oxygen therapy. Follow-up assessments will be performed at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months post intervention, and the key outcome during follow-up will be changes on chest radiography. Statistical analyses will evaluate the efficacy of the hUC-MSC treatment. DISCUSSION: This will be the first randomized controlled trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravenously administered hUC-MSCs in children with severe BPD. Its results should provide a new evidence-based therapy for severe BPD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT03601416. Registered on 26 July 2018.

7.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(2): 216-227, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929750

RESUMO

Background and aims: Dysfunction of the immune regulatory system plays a role in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis (AR). The underlying mechanism needs to be further investigated. Published data indicate that soluble CD83 (sCD83) has immune regulatory activities. This study aims to investigate the role of sCD83 in the alleviation of experimental AR. Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from AR patients. Serum levels of sCD83 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A murine AR model was developed to test the effects of sCD83 on suppressing experimental AR. Results: We found that serum levels of sCD83 in the AR group were lower than that in the healthy control group. A negative correlation was identified between the serum sCD83 levels and the frequency of T helper-2 (Th2) cells. The low serum sCD83 levels were also associated with the Bcl2L12 expression in antigen-specific Th2 cells. Exposure to sCD83 enhanced the responsiveness of antigen-specific Th2 cells to apoptosis inducers via suppressing the Bcl2L12 expression. Administration of sCD83 efficiently suppressed experimental AR. Conclusions: sCD83 contributes to immune homeostasis by regulating CD4+ T cell activities. Administration of sCD83 may have translational potential for the treatment of AR or other allergic diseases.

8.
J Microbiol ; 58(2): 142-152, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993988

RESUMO

Pleurotus pulmonarius, a member of the Pleurotaceae family in Basidiomycota, is an edible, economically important mushroom in most Asian countries. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genomes (mtDNA) of three P. pulmonarius strains - two monokaryotic commercial (J1-13 and ZA3) and one wild (X1-15) - were sequenced and analyzed. In ZA3 and X1-15, the mtDNA molecule was found to be a single circle of 68,305 bp and 73,435 bp, respectively. Both strains contain 14 core protein-coding genes and two ribosomal RNA (rRNA) subunit genes. The ZA3 strain has 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and nine introns: eight in cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (coxl), and one in the rRNA large subunit (rnl). Monokaryotic J1-13 and ZA3 mtDNAs were found to be similar in their structure. However, the wild strain X1-15 contains 25 tRNA genes and only seven introns in coxl. Open reading frames (ORFs) of ZA3/J1-13 and X1-15 encode LAGLIDADG, ribosomal protein S3, and DNA polymerase II. In addition, mtDNA inheritance in J1-13, ZA3, and X1-15 was also studied. Results showed that the mtDNA inheritance pattern was uniparental and closely related to dikaryotic hyphal location with respect to the parent. Results also show that mtDNA inheritance is influenced by both the parental nuclear genome and mitogenome in the zone of contact between two compatible parents. In summary, this analysis provides valuable information and a basis for further studies to improve our understanding of the inheritance of fungal mtDNA.

9.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 19(1): 3-11, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a lethal complication after pediatric liver transplantation, but information regarding risk factors for the development of PTLD remains unclear. This study was to identify characteristics and risk factors of PTLD. METHODS: A total of 705 pediatric patients who underwent liver transplantation between January 2017 and October 2018 were studied. Impact of clinical characteristics and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection on the development of PTLD was evaluated. In addition, ImmuKnow assay was adopted in partial patients to analyze the immune status. RESULTS: Twenty-five (3.5%) patients suffered from PLTD with a median time of 6 months (3-14 months) after transplantation. Extremely high tacrolimus (TAC) level was found in 2 fatal cases at PTLD onset. EBV infection was found in 468 (66.4%) patients. A higher peak EBV DNA loads (>9590 copies/mL) within 3 months was a significant indicator for the onset of PTLD. In addition, the ImmuKnow assay demonstrated that overall immune response was significantly lower in patients with EBV infection and PTLD (P<0.0001). The cumulative incidence of PTLD was also higher in patients with lower ATP value (≤187 ng/mL, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A careful monitoring of EBV DNA loads and tacrolimus concentration might be supportive in prevention of PTLD in pediatric patients after liver transplantation. In addition, application of the ImmuKnow assay may provide guidance in reducing immunosuppressive agents in treatment of PTLD.

10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 230: 115613, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887935

RESUMO

Targeted and sensitive drug release at the colitis site is critical for the effective therapy of ulcerative colitis and reduction of side effects from the drug. Herein, we used 3,3'-dithiodipropionic acid (DTPA) to covalently link quercetin (Qu) and glyceryl caprylate-caprate (Gcc) via ester bonds to prepare Qu-SS-Gcc lipid nanoparticles (Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs). Dexamethasone (Dex) was used as a model drug, and chitosan (CSO) was modified on the surface of Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs to obtain CSO-modified Dex-loaded Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs (CSO/Dex/LNPs). The encapsulation efficiency and drug loading of CSO/Dex/LNPs were 93.1 % and 8.1 %, respectively. The in vitro release results showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had esterase-responsive characteristics and could release the drug rapidly in esterase-containing artificial intestinal fluid. A human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell (Caco-2) monolayer was used as the intestinal cell barrier model. Transmembrane resistance measurements and permeation experiments showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had a protective effect on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Caco-2 cell monolayer and increased the expression of E-cadherin in LPS-stimulated Caco-2 cells. Moreover, CSO/Dex/LNPs could significantly reduce the expression of the inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 and NO in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. The ulcerative colitis mouse model was constructed by using C57BL/6 mice. The in vivo distribution results showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had colon-targeting effects and strong retention ability in the colons of mice with colitis. The results also showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had better anti-inflammatory effects than free Dex, which could reduce colonic atrophy, reduce histomorphological changes and increase the expression of E-cadherin in the colon. Furthermore, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and NO in the CSO/Dex/LNP-treated group were 37.4 %, 35.5 % and 33.2 % of those in mice with colitis, respectively.

11.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1097: 62-70, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910970

RESUMO

Biomarkers in blood or tissue provide essential information for clinical screening and early disease diagnosis. However, increasing the sensitivity of detecting biomarkers remains a major challenge in a wide variety of electrochemical immunoassays. Herein, we present an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensing strategy with 1: Nn amplification ratio (target-to-signal probe) for biomarkers detection on a porous gold electrode. The high porosity of the electrode surface provides enough bonding sites for capturing the target biomolecules and thus many DNA labels can be introduced. On the basis of this concept, a great number of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) nanosheets are employed to create a supersandwich-type assembly on a porous electrode via the DNA hybridization process. Furthermore, compared with the traditional sandwich immunoassay (the ratio of target-to-signal probe is 1 : 1), the supersandwich construction can introduce a large number of signal probes, thus resulting in a highly improved sensitivity. The proposed ECL immunosensor exhibits an excellent performance in a concentration range from 0.01 fg mL-1 to 1 µg mL-1 with an ultralow detection limit of 0.001 fg mL-1 (S/N = 3) and excellent selectivity. This sensing strategy could be developed into a real-time assay for the disease-related molecular targets, with many practical applications in biotechnology and life science.

12.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(2): 833-841, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974602

RESUMO

Tubular epithelial cells undergoing epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial event in the progression of renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). Bone morphogenetic protein­7 (BMP­7) has been reported to exhibit anti­fibrotic functions in various renal diseases. However, the function of BMP­7 in regulating EMT and the progression of RIF remains largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the potential effect of BMP­7 on transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF­ß1)­induced EMT and the underlying mechanisms by which BMP­7 exerted its effects. Human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK­2) were treated with TGF­ß1 for various time periods and at various concentrations and lentiviral vectors were used to overexpress BMP­7. Cell Counting Kit­8 and Transwell assays were used to evaluate the viability and migration of HK­2 cells in vitro. EMT was estimated by assessing the changes in cell morphology and the expression of EMT markers. In addition, the activation of the Wnt3/ß­catenin and TGF­ß1/Smad2/3 signaling pathways were analyzed using western blotting. TGF­ß1 induced EMT in a time­ and dose­dependent manner in HK­2 cells. Treatment with TGF­ß1 induced morphological changes, decreased cell viability and the expression of E­cadherin, increased cell migration and the expression of α­smooth muscle actin, fibroblast­specific protein 1, collagen I and vimentin, and activated the Wnt3/ß­catenin and TGF­ß1/Smad2/3 signaling pathways in HK­2 cells. However, BMP­7 overexpression notably reversed all these effects. These results suggest that BMP­7 effectively suppresses TGF­ß1­induced EMT through the inhibition of the Wnt3/ß­catenin and TGF­ß1/Smad2/3 signaling pathways, highlighting a potential novel anti­RIF strategy.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy with computer-aided detection (CADe) has been shown in non-blinded trials to improve detection of colon polyps and adenomas by providing visual alarms during the procedure. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of a CADe system that avoids potential operational bias. METHODS: We did a double-blind randomised trial at the endoscopy centre in Caotang branch hospital of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital in China. We enrolled consecutive patients (aged 18-75 years) presenting for diagnostic and screening colonoscopy. We excluded patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer, or colorectal surgery or who had a contraindication for biopsy; we also excluded patients who had previously had an unsuccessful colonoscopy and who had a high suspicion for polyposis syndromes, inflammatory bowel disease, and colorectal cancer. We allocated patients (1:1) to colonoscopy with either the CADe system or a sham system. Randomisation was by computer-generated random number allocation. Patients and the endoscopist were unaware of the random assignment. To achieve masking, the output of the system was shown on a second monitor that was only visible to an observer who was responsible for reporting the alerts. The primary outcome was the adenoma detection rate (ADR), which is the proportion of individuals having a complete colonoscopy, from caecum to rectum, who had one or more adenomas detected. The primary analysis was per protocol. We also analysed characteristics of polyps and adenomas missed initially by endoscopists but detected by the CADe system. This trial is complete and is registered with http://www.chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR1800017675. FINDINGS: Between Sept 3, 2018, and Jan 11, 2019, 1046 patients were enrolled to the study, of whom 36 were excluded before randomisation, 508 were allocated colonoscopy with polyp detection using the CADe system, and 502 were allocated colonoscopy with the sham system. After further excluding patients who met exclusion criteria, 484 patients in the CADe group and 478 in the sham group were included in analyses. The ADR was significantly greater in the CADe group than in the sham group, with 165 (34%) of 484 patients allocated to the CADe system having one or more adenomas detected versus 132 (28%) of 478 allocated to the sham system (odds ratio 1·36, 95% CI 1·03-1·79; p=0·030). No complications were reported among all colonoscopy procedures. Polyps initially missed by the endoscopist but identified by the CADe system were generally small in size, isochromatic, flat in shape, had an unclear boundary, were partly behind colon folds, and were on the edge of the visual field. INTERPRETATION: Polyps initially missed by the endoscopist had characteristics that are sometimes difficult for skilled endoscopists to recognise. Such polyps could be detected using a high-performance CADe system during colonoscopy. The effect of CADe during colonoscopy on the incidence of interval colorectal cancer should be investigated. FUNDING: None.

14.
Neurotoxicol Teratol ; 77: 106854, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891752

RESUMO

The increasing use of rare-earth elements in various fields has raised concern from public heath perspective regarding their accumulation in human body. Long-term exposure to lanthanum, one of the frequently used rare-earth elements in biomedicine and agriculture, has been previously shown to exert neurotoxicity during development in rats; however, the effects of short-term exposure to lanthanum during gestation on neurobehavioral development in rat offspring is still not clear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of intrauterine exposure to lanthanum on neurobehavioral development in rat offspring. Dams were orally exposed to 0, 2, 20, & 60 mg/kg BW of lanthanum nitrate from gestation day 7 to day 16. Morris water maze test, hindlimb strength test, nociceptive perception test, and grip strength test were conducted during postnatal day 61 to 66 in rat offspring. Blood lanthanum concentration and plasma neurotransmitters were measured after sacrifice. The results showed that intrauterine exposure to lanthanum nitrate significantly impaired memory and spatial learning in Morris water maze test. Lanthanum treatment dose-dependently increased blood lanthanum concentration in dams and pups. Lanthanum treatment significantly decreased hindlimb and grip strength and increased delay time in nociceptive response. Plasma neurotransmitter results showed that lanthanum treatment significantly decreased the level of acetylcholine and serotonin while increased the level of glutamate in rat offspring. These results suggest that short-term in utero exposure to lanthanum has potential adverse effects on neurodevelopment in rat offspring.

15.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 5(3): 267-275, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemoprevention of colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer remains an important public health goal. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical potential and safety of berberine for prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence. METHODS: This double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was done in seven hospital centres across six provinces in China. Individuals aged 18-75 years who had at least one but no more than six histologically confirmed colorectal adenomas that had undergone complete polypectomy within the 6 months before recruitment were recruited and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive berberine (0·3 g twice daily) or placebo tablets via block randomisation (block size of six). Participants were to undergo a first follow-up colonoscopy 1 year after enrolment, and if no colorectal adenomas were detected, a second follow-up colonoscopy at 2 years was planned. The study continued until the last enrolled participant reached the 2-year follow-up point. All participants, investigators, endoscopists, and pathologists were blinded to treatment assignment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the recurrence of adenomas at any follow-up colonoscopy. Analysis was based on modified intention-to-treat, with the full analysis set including all randomised participants who received at least one dose of study medication and who had available efficacy data. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02226185; the trial has ended and this report represents the final analysis. FINDINGS: Between Nov 14, 2014, and Dec 30, 2016, 553 participants were randomly assigned to the berberine group and 555 to the placebo group. The full analysis set consisted of 429 participants in the berberine group and 462 in the placebo group. 155 (36%) participants in the berberine group and 216 (47%) in the placebo group were found to have recurrent adenoma during follow-up (unadjusted relative risk ratio for recurrence 0·77, 95% CI 0·66-0·91; p=0·001). No colorectal cancers were detected during follow-up. The most common adverse event was constipation (six [1%] of 446 patients in the berberine group vs one [<0·5%] of 478 in the placebo group). No serious adverse events were reported. INTERPRETATION: Berberine 0·3 g twice daily was safe and effective in reducing the risk of recurrence of colorectal adenoma and could be an option for chemoprevention after polypectomy. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China.

16.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(3): 1051-1058, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894319

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are capable of regulating cell differentiation and pluripotency. The objective of the present study was to explore the effect of lncRNA cancer upregulated drug resistant (CUDR) on the hepatic differentiation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (HuMSCs). HuMSCs were subjected to a hepatogenic differentiation protocol. The level of CUDR was monitored by reverse transcription­quantitative PCR (RT­qPCR) following certain stages of hepatic differentiation. Lentivirus transfection was used to achieve CUDR overexpression. The hepatocyte­related proteins and mRNAs were then examined by immunofluorescence, ELISA and RT­qPCR analyses. The results showed that CUDR was upregulated during the hepatic differentiation of HuMSCs. Upregulation of CUDR can improve hepatic differentiation of HuMSCs, including hepatocyte­related genes and proteins. In addition, it was also found that liver­enriched transcription factors were upregulated after CUDR overexpression. Moreover, there was an association between the Wnt/ß­catenin pathway and CUDR. In summary, these results demonstrated that the overexpression of CUDR could improve the hepatic differentiation of HuMSCs, therefore it could be an ideal source for regenerative therapy.

17.
Neurobiol Learn Mem ; 167: 107129, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783127

RESUMO

There is a lot of debate in the literature with regards to whether the effects of working memory span training generalize to working memory tasks that are different from the trained task, however, there is little evidence to date supporting this idea. The present randomized controlled trial included 80 undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (N = 40) or the control group (N = 40) in order to receive a working memory span intervention for 20 sessions over the course of 4 weeks. Brain electrophysiological signals during a dot pattern expectancy (DPX) task and a change detection task were recorded both before and after the intervention. The amplitudes of characteristic event-related potential (ERP) components reflecting working memory maintenance capability during the delay period of both tasks (i.e., the contingent negative variation or CNV, derived from the DPX task, and the contralateral delay activity or CDA, derived from the change detection task) were used as the primary outcome measures. Our data indicated that the intervention resulted in specific changes in both, the CNV and the CDA, suggesting that working memory span training generalized to working memory maintenance processes as observed in working memory tasks that were different from the trained task. We conclude that working memory span training might serve as a useful tool to improve working memory maintenance capability. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (chiCTR-INR-17011728).

18.
Per Med ; 17(1): 15-22, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797717

RESUMO

Aim: This study investigated the association between voriconazole-induced liver injury and gene polymorphisms of CYP2C19 and UGT1A4. Materials & methods: Thirty-eight adult patients who received voriconazole therapy were included in the study. Genotype of CYP2C19 was detected using gene chip hybrid analysis. The UGT1A4 142T>G was genotyped using PCR-RFLP analysis. Results: Ten patients (26.3%) had voriconazole-induced liver injury and were considered as the case group There was no significant difference between the two groups in genotype and allele frequencies of CYP2C19*2 and UGT1A4 142T>G (p > 0.05), however, the GA frequency of CYP2C19 *3 in the drug-induced liver injury case group was higher than that in the control group (p < 0.05). Compared with patients carrying *1/*1 or *1/*2, there was no significant difference in voriconazole trough concentration of the patients with *1/*3 (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between voriconazole-induced liver injury and gene polymorphisms of CYP2C19 and UGT1A4.

19.
Res Vet Sci ; 128: 1-8, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706217

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to identify the molecular characteristics of a chymotrypsin-like enzyme from Trichinella spiralis (Tschy) and its facilitation of larval penetration into enteral epithelial cells (EECs). The complete Tschy cDNA sequence was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. RT-PCR, IIFA and western blotting showed that Tschy was expressed at the T. spiralis muscle larvae (ML), intestinal infective L1 larvae (IL1), adult worms (AW) and embryo stages and was primarily located in the stichosome of this parasite. The results of ELISA, IIFA and Far-western assays showed that there was a specific binding between rTschy and EECs, and the binding was dependent on the dose of both rTschy and EEC proteins. Confocal microscopy demonstrated that the binding was located in the EEC cytoplasm. rTschy facilitated T. spiralis larval penetration of EECs, and anti-rTschy antibodies impeded the larval intrusion of EECs. These results demonstrate that Tschy facilitated the larval intrusion of the host's enteral epithelium and could be a candidate molecular target for vaccine against the enteral invasive phase of T. spiralis.

20.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(2): 1728-1735, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To further explore the role of BCL-2 associated anthanogen-1 (BAG-1) in neuronal apoptosis and whether the effect of BAG-1 depends on heat shock protein 70 (HSP70). METHODS: RNA interference (RNAi) technology was used to inhibit the expression of BAG-1 in SH-SY5Y cells. Hypoxia-reoxygenation injury model in the SH-SY5Y cells was established. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was performed for cell viability. Annexin V-APC/7-AAD double-staining followed by flow cytometry was used to measure cell apoptosis. Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to detect the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression of genes, respectively. RESULTS: BAG-1 gene silencing decreased SH-SY5Y cell viability and promoted SH-SY5Y cell apoptosis after hypoxia-reoxygenation. However, the down-regulation of BAG-1 had no effect on the mRNA and protein expression of HSP70. CONCLUSION: BAG-1 could protect SH-SY5Y cells from the hypoxia-reoxygenation injury without affecting HSP70 expression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA