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1.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928374, 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Although influenza primarily affects the respiratory system, it can cause severe neurological complications, especially in younger children, but knowledge about the early indicators of acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) is limited. The main purpose of this article is to summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of neurological complications of influenza in children, and to identify factors associated with ANE. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective study of children with confirmed influenza with neurological complications treated between 01/2014 and 12/2019 at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center. A receiver operating characteristics curve analysis was performed to determine the prognostic value of selected variables. RESULTS Sixty-three children with IAE (n=33) and ANE (n=30) were included. Compared with the IAE group, the ANE group showed higher proportions of fever and acute disturbance of consciousness, higher alanine aminotransferase, higher aspartate aminotransferase, higher creatinine kinase, higher procalcitonin, higher cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein, and lower CSF white blood cells (all P<0.05). The areas under the curve (AUCs) for procalcitonin and CSF proteins, used to differentiate IAE and ANE, were 0.790 and 0.736, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of PCT >4.25 ng/ml to predict ANE were 73.3% and 100.0%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of CSF protein >0.48 g/L to predict ANE were 76.7% and 69.7%, respectively. Thirteen (43.3%) children with ANE and none with IAE died (P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS High levels of CSF protein and serum procalcitonin might be used as early indicators for ANE. All children admitted with neurological findings, especially during the influenza season, should be evaluated for influenza-related neurological complications.

2.
Food Sci Nutr ; 8(11): 5898-5906, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33282241

RESUMO

In this experiment, the conjugation reaction between gluten and maltose via Maillard reaction under dry-heated condition was studied. The process conditions for the preparation of protein-maltose conjugates with optimum solubility were optimized by using Box-Behnken model. The conjugation reaction and the structure changes of the protein-maltose conjugates were confirmed by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the process conditions for the preparation of protein-maltose conjugates with optimum solubility were as follows: temperature 50.72°C, time 1.92 days, and gluten/maltose (W/W) 267.36%. The infrared spectroscopy showed that the structure of the modified protein had a very obvious change, including the decrease in ß-fold and ß-turn and the increase in α-helix at a certain degree. But the conjugation reaction has little effect on the irregular coiled structure. The scanning electron microscopy showed that the microstructure of gluten is small grainy, but gluten-maltose conjugate looks sheet with bigger volume.

3.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e928835, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33335084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study summarizes the characteristics of children screened for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and reports the case of 1 child who was diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center and the cases of his family members. MATERIAL AND METHODS The medical records of 159 children who were admitted to our hospital from January 23 to March 20, 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Samples from pharyngeal or/and anal swabs were subjected to reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing for SARS-CoV-2 within 12 h of patient admission; a second RT-PCR test was done 24 h after the first test. RESULTS Of the 159 patients, 151 patients had epidemiological histories, 14 patients had cluster onset, and 8 patients had no epidemiological history but had symptoms similar to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The most common symptom was fever (n=125), followed by respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. A 7-year-old boy in a cluster family from Wuhan was confirmed with asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection with ground-glass opacity shadows on his lung computed tomography scan, and his swab RT-PCR test had not turned negative until day 19 of his hospitalization. In patients who did not test positive for SARS-CoV-2, influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, and adenovirus were observed. A total of 158 patients recovered, were discharged, and experienced no abnormalities during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS For SARS-CoV-2 nosocomial infections, taking a "standard prevention & contact isolation & droplet isolation & air isolation" strategy can prevent infection effectively. Children with clustered disease need close monitoring.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , /epidemiologia , /métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Coronavirus/metabolismo , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Feminino , Febre , Hospitalização , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , /patogenicidade
4.
J Sci Food Agric ; 92(1): 197-202, 2012 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21834101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bream is one of the main farmed freshwater fish species in China. This study aimed to examine the nucleotide degradation of bream during partial freezing and chilled storage and to assess the possible usefulness of nucleotide ratios (K, Ki, H, P, Fr and G values) as freshness indices in comparison with sensory assessment and total viable counts. RESULTS: Total viable counts were 5.74 and 4.66 log(colony-forming units g(-1)) on the day of sensory rejection under chilled storage and partial freezing storage respectively. The inosine 5-monophosphate decrease and inosine increase were faster in chilled storage than in partial freezing storage. Hypoxanthine levels increased continuously with time under both storage regimes. Among the nucleotide ratios, the K, Ki, P, G and Fr values were superior to the H value and provided useful freshness indicators for both storage conditions. CONCLUSION: Bream in chilled storage were sensorially acceptable only up to 10 days, compared with 33 days for bream in partial freezing storage. Partial freezing delayed the nucleotide degradation of bream.


Assuntos
Peixes , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Animais , China , Temperatura Baixa , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Comportamento do Consumidor , Congelamento , Humanos , Hipoxantina/metabolismo , Inosina/metabolismo , Inosina Monofosfato/metabolismo , Refrigeração , Alimentos Marinhos/microbiologia , Alimentos Marinhos/normas
5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20942236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the expression and significance of Integrins subunits in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). METHOD: The expression of Integrins subunits was detected by cDNA microarray in 4 cases of primary LSCC tissues and corresponding adjacent normal tissues. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to identify the different expression of Integrins subunits in 24 cases of primary LSCC tissues and corresponding adjacent normal tissues. RESULT: A cDNA microarray analysis revealed significant changes in the expression of Integrins subunits, with IntegrinalphaV, Integrinbeta8 being up-regulated and Integrinalpha8 being down-regulated. The result of RT-PCR was consistent with that of cDNA microarray. The mRNA levels of IntegrinalphaV and Integrinbeta8 were significantly higher in LSCC tissues than that in corresponding adjacent normal tissues (1.0131 +/- 0.4780 vs 0.7591 +/- 0.4678 for IntegrinalphaV, P<0.05, 1.7362 +/- 1.3849 vs 1.2267 +/- 0.9363 for Integrinbeta8, P<0.05). The mRNA levels of Integrinalpha8 were significantly lower in LSCC tissues than that in corresponding adjacent normal tissues (0.2646 +/- 0.2622 vs 0.5457 +/- 0.3827, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of IntegrinalphaV, Integrinbeta8, Integrinalpha8 were significantly up-regulated or down-regulated in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, which may relate to tumorigenesis and development of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/metabolismo , Integrina alfaV/metabolismo , Cadeias beta de Integrinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Humanos , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/genética , Integrina alfaV/genética , Cadeias beta de Integrinas/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
6.
Interdiscip Sci ; 1(3): 179-86, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20640836

RESUMO

In this paper, we present the framework of a Gene Regulatory Networks System: GRNS. The goals of GRNS include automatically mining biomedical literature to extract gene regulatory information (strain number, genotype, gene regulatory relation, and phenotype), automatically constructing gene regulatory networks based on extracted information and integrating biomedical knowledge into the regulatory networks.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Algoritmos , Automação , Genômica , Genótipo , Internet , Modelos Genéticos , Modelos Teóricos , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Fenótipo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Software
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