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2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23433211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of subchronic benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) exposure on the neurobehavior and hippocampal acetylcholine (Ach) level, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, and mRNA and protein expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α7 subtype (nAChR α7) in rats, and to investigate the neurotoxic mechanism of B[a]P. METHODS: Sixty healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group, solvent control group, and B [a]P exposure groups. Each rat in the exposure groups was intraperitoneally injected with B[a]P at 1.0, 2.5, or 6.25 mg/kg once every other day for 90 days. The learning and memory ability of the rats was examined by Morris water maze test and step-down test; the hippocampal Ach level was measured by alkaline hydroxylamine method; the AChE activity was measured by DNTB method; the mRNA and protein expression levels of hippocampal nAChR α7 were measured by quantitative PCR and Western blot. RESULTS: The 2.5 and 6.25 mg/kg B[a]P exposure groups showed significantly lower learning and memory abilities than the blank control group and solvent control group (P < 0.05); also, the two groups had significantly lower hippocampal Ach levels than the blank control group, solvent control group, and 1.0 mg/kg B[a]P exposure group (P < 0.05). The 6.25 mg/kg B[a]P exposure group showed significantly lower hippocampal AChE activity than the blank control group, solvent control group, and 1.0 mg/kg B[a]P exposure group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the mRNA and protein expression levels of nAChR α7 among all groups (P > 0.05). The hippocampal Ach level was negatively correlated with the mean escape latency period and total distance travelled (r = -0.567, P < 0.01; r = -0.503, P < 0.01) but positively correlated with the time in platform quadrant (r = 0.800, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Subchronic B[a]P exposure may impair the learning and memory ability in rats, which is related to the downregulation of hippocampal Ach level.


Assuntos
Acetilcolina/metabolismo , Benzo(a)pireno/toxicidade , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Colinérgicos/metabolismo , Testes de Toxicidade Subcrônica , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/metabolismo
3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 29(10): 780-4, 2009 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19873911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe effects of acupuncture on quality of life of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: Randomized, controlled and single-blinded study method was used, 70 cases were divided into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), etc.; the control group was treated with acupuncture at non-meridian points (2 cm to the acupoints), thrice a week. The treatment was given for 14 times. The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) scale was used to evaluate the patients' quality of life before and after treatment. RESULTS: The physiological field, individuals own perception of his health condition and total score were significantly improved after treatment in the observation group (all P<0.05); there were no obvious changes in the psychology, social relationships, environment and subjective feelings about the quality of life (all P>0.05). The score of the environmental field in the control group was significantly decreased compared to that before treatment (P<0.05), and there were no significant changes in the other scores. There were no adverse effects in patients. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture can improve the quality of life of CFS patients, especially in physiological field and the individual perception to his well being. Acupuncture has high safety, and the acupoints has high specific degree than non-meridian points.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adulto , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 34(2): 120-4, 2009 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19685727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture on the fatigue degree in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: Seventy CFS patients were equally randomized into control and treatment groups according to randomized block design. Acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), etc., for patients in treatment group, and to non-acupoints (2 cm respectively to the abovementioned acupoints) for those in control group. The treatment was given once every other day, 14 times altogether. The fatigue degree and the therapeutic effect were assessed by Chalder's fatigue scale (FS). RESULTS: A total of 64 cases (32/group) were finished in this study. After the treatment, the physical FS (5.0 +/- 2.4 vs 6.8 +/- 1.5), mental FS (1.8 +/-1.8 vs 3.1 +/- 1.5) and the total FS (6.8 +/- 3.8 vs 9.9 +/- 2.5) in treatment group, physical FS (5.0 +/- 2.5 vs 6.4 +/- 1.5) and the total FS (7.5 +/- 3.4 vs 9.6 +/- 2.8) in control group decreased significantly compared with pre-treatment (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). There was no marked change in mental FS (2.5 +/- 11.6 vs 3.2 +/- 11.6) in control group after the treatment (P > 0.05). Comparison between two groups showed no significant differences in the 3 indexes (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture can relieve CFS patients' physical and mental fatigue and the therapeutic effect of acupuncture of acupoints is relatively better than that of non-acupoints in reducing mental fatigue.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 34(6): 421-8, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20209981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: According to the requirement of evidence-based medicine, CFS, fatigue syndrome, acupuncture and moxibustion, acupuncture, electroacupuncture, auricular acupuncture, auricular pellet pressure, plum-blossom needle, intradermal needle, moxibustion, three edged needle, cupping, cup-moving, acupoint injection, etc. were selected as the subject words for retrieving the related papers form domestic and foreign medical databases. The RCT was used as the enrolled criteria, and the clinical cure rate, markedly effective rate, total effective rate, and the scores of the Fatigue Assessment Instrument Questionnaire (FAI) and fatigue scale (FS) were used as the assessment indexes. The statistical package (RevMan 4.2) was used to review management and analysis of 13 papers. RESULTS: A total of 28 papers were enrolled. Logistic regression analysis showed that the total odds ratio (OR) was 4.56, with 95% confidence interval (CI) [2.84, 7.33] for the total effective rate in 10 studies, the total OR was 2.07 with 95% CI [1.49, 2.88] for the markedly effective rate in 8 studies, and the total OR was 2.51 with 95% CI [1.64, 3.85] for the clinical cure rate in 8 studies. The weighted mean difference (WMD) was -29.52 with 95% CI [-36.17, -22.88] for the FAI score in 3 studies, and the WMD -1.22 with 95% CI [-1.77, -0.67] for the FS score in 4 studies. The therapeutic effect in the treatment group of CFS was superior to that in the control group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture therapy is effective for CFS, but still needs being confirmed by more high-quality studies.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/terapia , Eletroacupuntura , Humanos , Moxibustão , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online ; 64(Pt 5): m642, 2008 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21202192

RESUMO

The mol-ecule of the title compound, [Ni(C(24)H(19)FN(3)O)(2)], has twofold rotation symmetry. The Ni(II) ion is in a square-planar coordination geometry which is distorted towards tetra-hedral and is coordinated by two N atoms of imine and two O atoms of pyrazolone from two Schiff base 4-[(Z)-(4-fluoro-benzyl-amino)phenyl-methyl-ene]-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-onate ligands.

7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 26(2): 116-9, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16541862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To probe into the role of Siguan points in treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. METHODS: Based on diagnosis, pathogenesis and etiology of chronic fatigue syndrome in TCM, the role of Siguan points in treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome were induced by means of relative literatures of Siguan points in recent 10 years from 3 aspects. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture at Siguan as main points has a better therapeutic effect on chronic fatigue syndrome.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/terapia , Humanos
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