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1.
J Neuroinflammation ; 16(1): 249, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation can induce cognitive dysfunction in patients who undergo surgery. Previous studies have demonstrated that both acute peripheral inflammation and anaesthetic insults, especially isoflurane (ISO), are risk factors for memory impairment. Few studies are currently investigating the role of ISO under acute peri-inflammatory conditions, and it is difficult to predict whether ISO can aggravate inflammation-induced cognitive deficits. HDACs, which are essential for learning, participate in the deacetylation of lysine residues and the regulation of gene transcription. However, the cell-specific mechanism of HDACs in inflammation-induced cognitive impairment remains unknown. METHODS: Three-month-old C57BL/6 mice were treated with single versus combined exposure to LPS injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) to simulate acute abdominal inflammation and isoflurane to investigate the role of anaesthesia and acute peripheral inflammation in cognitive impairment. Behavioural tests, Western blotting, ELISA, immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and ChIP assays were performed to detect memory, the expressions of inflammatory cytokines, HDAC2, BDNF, c-Fos, acetyl-H3, microglial activity, Bdnf mRNA, c-fos mRNA, and Bdnf and c-fos transcription in the hippocampus. RESULTS: LPS, but not isoflurane, induced neuroinflammation-induced memory impairment and reduced histone acetylation by upregulating histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) in dorsal hippocampal CaMKII+ neurons. The hyperexpression of HDAC2 in neurons was mediated by the activation of microglia. The decreased level of histone acetylation suppressed the transcription of Bdnf and c-fos and the expressions of BDNF and c-Fos, which subsequently impaired memory. The adeno-associated virus ShHdac2, which suppresses Hdac2 after injection into the dorsal hippocampus, reversed microglial activation, hippocampal glutamatergic BDNF and c-Fos expressions, and memory deficits. CONCLUSIONS: Reversing HDAC2 in hippocampal CaMKII+ neurons exert a neuroprotective effect against neuroinflammation-induced memory deficits.

2.
Dermatol Surg ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bleomycin (BLM) foam sclerotherapy is effective in the treatment of venous malformations (VMs). Foam stability is influenced by factors such as sclerosant concentration, viscosity, and liquid-gas ratio. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether hyaluronic acid (HA) could increase the stability of BLM foam and to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HA-BLM foam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experiment: BLM 6.0 IU + human serum albumin (HSA, 2, 1.95, 1.90, and 1.85 mL, respectively) + 1% HA (0, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15 mL, respectively) + air 6 mL to create foam using the Tessari method. The foam half-life (FHL) was used to evaluate foam stability. Clinical study: Twenty-eight patients with head and neck VMs were enrolled between June 2018 and August 2019 treated by HA-BLM foam to evaluate the safety and efficacy. RESULTS: The FHL of the BLM foam was 8.46, 8.95, 10.45, and 14.51 minutes, respectively. All patients achieved significant efficacy, and no obvious side effects were observed. CONCLUSION: Addition of HA could improve the stability of BLM foam.

3.
Biochem Genet ; 57(5): 607-622, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825077

RESUMO

Red-flowered strawberry is a new ornamental flower derived from intergeneric hybridization (Fragaria × Potentilla). To date, few molecular markers have been reported for this plant. RNA sequencing provides a relatively fast and low-cost approach for large-scale detection of simple sequence repeats (SSRs). In the present study, we profiled the transcriptome of red-flowered strawberry by Illumina HiSeq 2500 to identify SSRs related to petal color. Based on 2 million clean reads of red and white flowers from red-flowered strawberry hybrids, we assembled 91,835 unigenes with an average length of 717 bp. After functional annotation and prediction, there were 47,058 unigenes; of these, 26,861 had a gene ontology annotation, with 14,264 SSR loci. Mononucleotide SSRs were the predominant repeat type (47.20%, n = 6724), followed by di- (32.50%, n = 4641), tri- (19.10%, n = 2729), tetra- (0.90%, n = 132), hexa- (0.2%, n = 21), and penta- (0.10%, n = 16) nucleotide repeats. The most frequent di-, tri-, and tetra-nucleotide repeats were AG/CT, AAG/CTT, and AAAG/CTTT, respectively. PCR amplification with 105 SSR primer pairs yielded four bands specific to red flowers, namely UgRFsr57622, UgRFsr94149, UgRFsr40142, and UgRFsr54608; corresponding 4 trait-specific markers were found to co-segregate with white and red flower color in hybrid population, demonstrating that the genic SSR marker is useful to discriminate between white and red flowers in strawberry. Markers to discriminate flower color in red-flowered strawberry will be useful for early selection of progeny and for breeding management.


Assuntos
Flores , Fragaria , Repetições de Microssatélites , Pigmentação/genética , Transcriptoma , Flores/genética , Flores/metabolismo , Fragaria/genética , Fragaria/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Marcadores Genéticos
4.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 24(2): 113-7, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16329156

RESUMO

In order to determine the function and possible relationship between Cdc2 and P(70)S6K, Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry analysis were used to study the expression and kinase activity of Cdc2 and P(70)S6K in male mouse germ cells. With the maturation of germ cells in the testis, the expression of Cdc2 and P(70)S6K was relatively constant. However, the kinase activity of P(70)S6K was increased and the phosphorylation of Tyr15 residue of Cdc2 was enhanced, which suggests that the kinase activity of Cdc2 is decreasing. Immunohistochemistry analysis also showed that there was a P(70)S6K transfer from nucleus to cytoplasm during spermatogenesis. During spermatogenesis, cell division of the germ cell in male mouse is decelerated; nevertheless, cell growth is enhanced. Cdc2 and P(70)S6K are involved in these two processes. It could be an alternative mechanism to prepare for future fertilization that Cdc2 is able to maintain a subtle balance between the production and growth of male germ cells by regulating P(70)S6K.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase CDC2/biossíntese , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/biossíntese , Espermatozoides/enzimologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Proteína Quinase CDC2/análise , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Fator Promotor de Maturação/fisiologia , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/análise , Espermatócitos/enzimologia
5.
Shi Yan Sheng Wu Xue Bao ; 38(2): 177-82, 2005 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16011252

RESUMO

The purpose of present study is to determine the location of the novel gene hbrp which is related to bovine seminal plasma (BSP) proteins in the human chromosome by the FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) technique, and to investigate the relation of HBRP to TPK( tyrosine protein kinase)by genetic engineering. The result is that the novel gene hbrp was successfully localized on human chromosome 19q1.3; HBRP protein obviously inhibited the activity of PKC. It is concluded that the structure of BSP contained two tandemly arranged fibronectin type II(Fn2)--domains which were related to the function of binding protein BSP. Amino acid sequence of HBRP protein with four tandemly arranged Fn2-domains showed that the protein might be binding protein functionly relating to BSP protein. We have concluded that HBRP protein obviously inhibited the activity of TPK. The location of the novel gene on human chromosome 19q1.3 is very important to study the other biological functions of the protein encoded by gene hbrp.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 19/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas/fisiologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular , Ativação Enzimática/genética , Ativação Enzimática/fisiologia , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Proteínas/genética , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Secretadas pela Vesícula Seminal
6.
Asian J Androl ; 5(2): 117-20, 2003 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12778322

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the effect of aging on the expression of nitric oxide synthase I (NOS I) and the activity of NOS in rat penis. METHODS: Sixty male rats from 3 age groups (adult, old and senescent) were investigated. The expression of NOS I protein and mRNA in rat penis were detected by Western blot and RT-PCR respectively and the NOS activity, with ultraviolet spectrophotometry. RESULTS: In the old and senescent group, NOS I protein expression was significantly decreased as compared with the adult. NOS I mRNA expression was well correlated with the protein expression. NOS activity was not statistically different between the adult and old groups, but it was significantly reduced in the senescent compared with the adult group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The aging-induced decreases in NOS I expression and NOS activity may be one of the main mechanisms leading to erectile dysfunction in the senescent rats.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Pênis/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
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