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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 841, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127739

RESUMO

Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a widely prevalent gastrointestinal disorder throughout the world, whereas the efficacy of current treatment in the Western countries is limited. As the symptom is equivalent to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) term "stuffiness and fullness," FD can be treated with Zhi-zhu Wan (ZZW) which is a kind of Chinese patent medicine. However, the "multi-component" and "multi-target" feature of Chinese patent medicine makes it challenge to elucidate the potential therapeutic mechanisms of ZZW on FD. Presently, a novel system pharmacology model including pharmacokinetic parameters, pharmacological data, and component contribution score (CS) is constructed to decipher the potential therapeutic mechanism of ZZW on FD. Finally, 61 components with favorable pharmacokinetic profiles and biological activities were obtained through ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion) screening in silico. The related targets of these components are identified by component targeting process followed by GO analysis and pathway enrichment analysis. And systematic analysis found that through acting on the target related to inflammation, gastrointestinal peristalsis, and mental disorder, ZZW plays a synergistic and complementary effect on FD at the pathway level. Furthermore, the component CS showed that 29 components contributed 90.18% of the total CS values of ZZW for the FD treatment, which suggested that the effective therapeutic effects of ZZW for FD are derived from all active components, not a few components. This study proposes the system pharmacology method and discovers the potent combination therapeutic mechanisms of ZZW for FD. This strategy will provide a reference method for other TCM mechanism research.

2.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 56(6): 541-554, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29635273

RESUMO

Fuzi Lizhong pill (FLP) is used to treat gastritis, and the monarch drug of it is Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (Fuzi, aconite roots) which is a toxic herbal medicine. To better control the safety and quality of FLP, an effective method to analyze the contents of 16 toxic and bioactive components using rapid resolution liquid chromatography-tandem triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer was established. The 16 constituents included aconine, mesaconine, hypaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylhypaconine, adenosine, liquiritin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritigenin, 6-gingerol, atractylenolide III, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide II and glycyrrhetic acid. Ideal separation was performed using gradient elution in 13 min by optimized conditions. All the isomerides were isolated to baseline. The improved method with a polarity switch in contiguous time segments could analyze the five types of components, including polar and nonpolar compounds, without decreasing sensitivity. The proposed method was fully validated. The results revealed that contents of six alkaloids from Fuzi were significantly different among the samples. Using the established method and multivariate statistical method, the quality consistency of two dosage forms of FLP from different companies were analyzed. The optimized method could be used for the quality control of FLP and investigate index compound variation between two dosage forms.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Alcaloides/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Controle de Qualidade , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Molecules ; 22(10)2017 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027971

RESUMO

This manuscript elaborates on the establishment of a chemotaxonomic classification strategy for closely-related Citrus fruits in Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs). UPLC-Q-TOF-MS-based metabolomics was applied to depict the variable chemotaxonomic markers and elucidate the metabolic mechanism of Citrus TCMs from different species and at different ripening stages. Metabolomics can capture a comprehensive analysis of small molecule metabolites and can provide a powerful approach to establish metabolic profiling, creating a bridge between genotype and phenotype. To further investigate the different metabolites in four closely-related Citrus TCMs, non-targeted metabolite profiling analysis was employed as an efficient technique to profile the primary and secondary metabolites. The results presented in this manuscript indicate that primary metabolites enable the discrimination of species, whereas secondary metabolites are associated with species and the ripening process. In addition, analysis of the biosynthetic pathway highlighted that the syntheses of flavone and flavone glycosides are deeply affected in Citrus ripening stages. Ultimately, this work might provide a feasible strategy for the authentication of Citrus fruits from different species and ripening stages and facilitate a better understanding of their different medicinal uses.


Assuntos
Citrus/química , Frutas/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metabolômica/classificação , Cromatografia Líquida , Citrus/classificação , Citrus/metabolismo , Frutas/classificação , Frutas/metabolismo , Genótipo , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/metabolismo , Humanos , Fenótipo
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(5): 874-878, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28875642

RESUMO

In this paper, an HPLC-QqQ-MS method for determination of 5 different ginsenosides of Panax japonica collected from different cultivated geographic regions was established. The separation was performed on a Zorbax XDB-C18 (4.6 mm×100 mm, 1.8 µm) column with the gradient elution of acetonitrile (contained 0.1% formic acid)-0.1% formic acid water. The flow rate was 0.5 mL•min⁻¹. The colunm temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The analytes were detected using electrospray ionization (ESI) in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) modes. Reaction selected ions were 203.2 for ginsenoside Re, 202.9 for ginsenoside Rg1, 365.0 for ginsenoside Rf, 789.1 for ginsenoside Rd, 360.9 for ginsenoside Ro. Ginsenosides Re, ginsenosides Rg1, ginsenosides Rf, ginsenosides Rd, ginsenosides Ro had good linearity in the ranges of 3.33-66.60 µg (r=0.999 1),2.83-56.54 µg (r=0.999 2), 0.32-6.51 µg (r=0.999 2), 12.55-251.00 µg (r=0.999 3), 0.85-16.90 µg (r=0.999 5), respectively. The results of recovery were among 100.8% to 104.6%, and the values of RSD were blow 3.0%. This method is simple, reliable and accurate, and can provide basis for P. japonica basic research.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ginsenosídeos/química , Panax/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Ginsenosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Panax/classificação , Panax/crescimento & desenvolvimento
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(17): 3272-3278, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28920382

RESUMO

This study is to establish an HPLC fingerprint by HPLC-DAD method and simultaneous quantitative analysis of 17 components of 18 batches of Citrus aurantium and 10 batches of C. sinensis. The separation was performed on an Agilent Poroshell 120 SB-C18 (4.6 mm×100 mm,2.7 µm) column with the gradient elution of methanol-0.1% formic acid water, the flow was 0.6 mL•min⁻¹. The detection wavelength was set at 318 nm. The column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The data calculation was performed with similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine (Version 2004A) together with SIMCA-P 13.0 software to clarify the differential marker between these two different species of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus. This method has good precision stability and repeatability that could provide basis for quality control and evaluation of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus.


Assuntos
Citrus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade
6.
Exp Ther Med ; 8(4): 1065-1074, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25187798

RESUMO

Sanmiao formula (SM) is a basic prescription for the treatment of gouty and rheumatoid arthritis that has been used in China over a long period of history. However, there is no evidence associating SM with the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). In this study, a characterization of the anti-OA effect of SM was conducted using an in vivo rat model induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection and medial meniscus resection (ACLT plus MMx), together with in vitro studies using chondrocytes for further molecular characterization. Rats subjected to ACLT plus MMx were treated with SM at doses of 0.63, 1.25 and 2.5 g/kg per day for three or six weeks. SM treatment significantly inhibited the histopathological changes of articular cartilage damage and synovial inflammation in the rats following ACLT plus MMx. SM (2.5 g/kg) clearly inhibited chondrocyte apoptosis and prevented cartilage matrix degradation, which was indicated by the increased proteoglycan and collagen content, particularly with regard to type II collagen expression in articular cartilage. Furthermore, SM (2.5 g/kg) markedly inhibited the release of interleukin (IL)-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α and nitric oxide in serum, while simultaneously increasing the levels of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and transforming growth factor-ß in the circulation. Notably, SM (2.5 g/kg) clearly attenuated the OA-augmented expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and augmented the OA-reduced expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 in the knee joints. In addition, SM significantly reduced the proportion of early and late apoptotic and sub-G1 phase cells, and clearly decreased the expression of MMP-13 and increased that of TIMP-1 at the mRNA and protein levels in IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes. These findings provide the first evidence that SM effectively treats OA by inhibiting chondrocyte apoptosis, cartilage matrix degradation and the inflammatory response.

7.
Rejuvenation Res ; 17(4): 372-81, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24773352

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) contain multi-interactive compounds that have been used for treatment of peri-menopausal syndrome and have become a new phytoestrogens resource. The QiBaoMeiRan formula (QBMR), including Polygoni multiflori radix, Angelicae sinensis radix, Achyranthis bidentatae radix, semen Cuscutae, fructus Lycii, Poria, and fructus Psoraleae, has been used clinically for treating osteoporosis in post-menopausal women by virtue of its kidney-invigorating function. However, no evidence base links QBMR to estrogen replacement therapy. In this study, we undertook a characterization of estrogenic activity of QBMR using ovariectomized (OVX) rats. OVX rats were treated with QBMR at doses of 0.875, 1.75, and 3.5 grams/kg per day for 8 weeks. QBMR treatments demonstrated significant estrogenic activity, as indicated by vaginal cornification, reversal of atrophy of uterus, vagina, and mammary gland, and up-regulation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and estrogen receptor ß (ERß) expression in the reproductive target tissues, where ERß up-regulation was stronger than that of ERα. Meanwhile, treatment with QBMR significantly increased adrenal weight and serum estradiol levels and tended to decrease serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, QBMR significantly decreased weight gain and rectal temperature increase caused by ovariectomy, and the largest changes in rectal temperature were found at the lowest dose. The data suggest that QBMR's estrogenic responses show tissue variation that reflects different affinities of ERs for QBMR components. This study demonstrates that QBMR activity is mediated through estrogenic components and provides an evidence base for QBMR treatment of post-menopausal symptoms.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Animais , Peso Corporal , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Estradiol/sangue , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/patologia , Ovariectomia , Preparações de Plantas , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reto/patologia , Temperatura , Útero/patologia , Vagina/patologia
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 33(7): 883-9, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24063206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the rules of clinical application of Shenmai Injection (SI). METHODS: The data sets of SI were downloaded from CBM database by the method of literature retrieved from Jan. 1980 to May 2012. Rules of Chinese medical patterns, diseases, symptoms, Chinese patent medicines (CPM), and Western medicine (WM) were mined out by data slicing algorithm, and they were demonstrated in frequency tables and two-dimension based network. RESULTS: Totally 3 159 literature were recruited. Results showed that SI was most frequently correlated with stasis syndrome and deficiency syndrome. Heart failure, arrhythmia, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, and shock were core diseases treated by SI. Symptoms such as angina pectoris, fatigue, chest tightness/pain were mainly relieved by SI. For CPM, SI was most commonly used with Compound Danshen Injection, Astragalus Injection, and so on. As for WM, SI was most commonly used with nitroglycerin, fructose, captopril, and so on. CONCLUSIONS: The syndrome types and mining results of SI were the same with its instructions. Stasis syndrome was the potential Chinese medical pattern of SI. Heart failure, arrhythmia, and myocardial infarction were potential diseases treated by SI. For CPM, SI was most commonly used with Danshen Injection, Compound Danshen Injection, and so on. And for WM, SI was most commonly used with nitroglycerin, fructose, captopril, and so on.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 33(20): 2326-9, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19157118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analysis the changes of two chemical constituents, namely 2, 3-dihydro-3, 5- dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one (DDMP) and 5-hydryoxymethyl-furfural (5-HMF) produced in Radix Polygoni Multiflori after processing, with processing time, and to determine the contents of 5-HMF in samples of Radix Polygoni Multiflori and Radix Polygoni Multiflori preparata. METHOD: An HPLC method was applied with a Zobax SB-C18 (3.9 mm x 150 mm, 5 microm) column by a elution using methanol-water (10: 90) as the mobile phase. The detection was set at UV 280 nm. RESULT: The contents of DDMP were increasing with the processing time until 24 hour, followed by a decrease until 60 hour process. The contents of 5-HMF were increasing gradually throughout the 60 hour steaming process. The contents of 5-HMF in 11 samples of Radix Polygoni Multiflori preparata were from 0.013% to 0.101%, and only one in 4 samples of Radix Polygoni Multiflori containing trace amount of 5-HMF. CONCLUSION: The chemical components in Radix Polygoni Multiflori were changed during the processing procedures. Therefore, the processing of Radix Polygoni Multiflori should be controlled and standardized.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Polygonaceae/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 30(12): 1505-7, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18422181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the new chemical constituents from Radix Polygoni Multiflori after processing. METHODS: Various kinds of chromatographic methods were used to deparate the chemical constituents from Radix Polygoni Multiflori after processing. Their structures were determined by NMR and MS spectral data. RESULTS: The two new compounds were 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-meth-yl-4 (H)-pyran-4-one(I) and 5-hydruoxymethyl-furfuran(II). CONCLUSION: It is the first time that compound I and 1I were isolated from Polygoni.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Polygonum/química , Pirimetamina/análogos & derivados , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Etanol/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Pirimetamina/química , Pirimetamina/isolamento & purificação , Solventes , Tecnologia Farmacêutica
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 31(17): 1425-7, 2006 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17087081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the contents of 3 kinds of components in Fructus aurantii immaturus. METHOD: HPLC analysis was performed to detect the contents of hesperidin, naringin and synephrine. The content of volatile oil was detected determined following the method of Chinese pharmacopoeia. RESULT: The contents of hesperidin, naringin, synephrine and volatile oil in ten samples are from 1.25% to 16.6%, 0% to 13.9%, 0.058 5% to 0.676% and 0.1% to 2.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The contentre are significant differences of among chemical components in from different samples of Fructus aurantii immaturus are greats.


Assuntos
Citrus/química , Flavanonas/análise , Hesperidina/análise , Plantas Medicinais/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ecossistema , Frutas/química , Óleos Voláteis/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Sinefrina/análise
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 30(5): 336-40, 2005 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15806963

RESUMO

Different methods of processing Radix Polygoni Multiflori and the change of chemical components including emodin, physcion, 2,3,5,4'-stilbene glucoside, and tannin were investigated. The dried roots of polygoni were processed in different ways, such as, steamed with black bean sauce, steamed with water, stewed with black bean sauce, and stewed with black bean sauce at high pressure, for h and 36 h, respectively. The process stewing with black bean sauce was also investigated for 12, 24, 36 h, and 48 h, respectively. The results indicated that 2,3,5,4'-stilbene glucoside and total free anthraquinones varied in different processes. In the process of black bean sauce stewing, the content of 2,3,5,4'-stilbene glucoside decreased with processing time, reached 17% of original at 48 h. The content of tannin and combined and free anthraquinones also decreased with processing time. It was concluded, therefore, that the processing of Radix Polygoni Multiflori should be standardized to avoid significant variation of chemical contents.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais/química , Polygonum/química , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/métodos , Emodina/análogos & derivados , Emodina/análise , Glucosídeos/análise , Temperatura Alta , Raízes de Plantas/química , Estilbenos/análise , Taninos/análise , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/normas
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