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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 566: 171-182, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004957

RESUMO

For the first time, herein this work, we have developed an effective and adaptable method to introduce defects onto the polymeric carbon nitride by simply grinding urea with urea nitrate which resulting new carbon nitride composite (UNU-C3N4) and melamine with urea nitrate which resulting new carbon nitride composite (UNM-C3N4). The UNU-C3N4 reveals high performance towards photocatalytic hydrogen production and as well as photocatalytic removal of contaminants. The results confirm that the defects enhanced the specific surface area, and improved performance of adsorbed oxygen which beneficial to generate more active radicals and more conducive sties to improve d the overall photocatalytic performance. The high N, H, and O content-enhanced electron polarization effects, by introducing the additional N, H, and O atoms into the g-C3N4 matrix, which will increase the charge transfer rate and charge separation efficiency. At the same time, the results of ESR also expression that the new type of as-prepared carbon nitride samples exhibit abundant of hydrogen radical (H) formation, which is also assist to improve the photocatalytic hydrogen production performance. As expected, the H2 evolution rate of UNU-C3N4(or UNM-C3N4) underneath simulated solar light irradiation is 9.93 times (13.76 times) than that of U-C3N4 (urea as raw material) (or M-C3N4 (melamine as raw material)). The high hydrogen evolution rates of UNU-C3N4 and UNM-C3N4 are 830.94 and 556.79 µmol g-1  h-1 under the visible-light irradiation, respectively. Meanwhile, the synthesized UNU-C3N4 and UNM-C3N4 material are demonstrated an efficient ability to degrade pollutants. In general, this work provides a viable way to introduce defects and hydrogen bands into the structure of carbon nitride.

2.
Nanoscale ; 11(36): 16907-16918, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490477

RESUMO

While red is one of the primary colors for display applications, the investigation of visible red emitting perovskites, particularly 2D perovskites, is relatively limited. In this work, we demonstrate a single-phase Ruddlesden-Popper quasi-2D (C3H7NH3)2CsPb2I7 perovskite for red color LEDs. Through increasing the annealing temperature of (C3H7NH3)2CsPb2I7 perovskite thin films, we have successfully achieved tunable emission wavelengths from 654 to 691 nm. Equally important, for all the quasi-2D perovskite LEDs, once the annealing temperature is fixed, the emission spectrum is independent of bias voltages, which is very important for their use in lighting and displays. With the analysis of the crystallinity, morphology, and thermodynamic stability of the quasi-2D perovskite, we find that the obtained (C3H7NH3)2CsPb2I7 perovskite is a single-phase quasi-2D perovskite with only n = 2 phase. Besides, we found that the red shifting of emission wavelength is caused by the increase of perovskite crystal size while increasing the annealing temperature. Our results also show that the temperature-induced color tunability can be applied to a series of quasi-2D perovskites with different alkylammonium cations. Importantly, we find that short alkylammonium spacers offer better electrical properties for efficient current transport and high performance in LED applications. This work contributes to controlling the optoelectronic properties of quasi-2D perovskites via controlling their crystal growth as well as paves the way to realize practical lighting and display applications of perovskite LEDs.

3.
ACS Nano ; 13(10): 11800-11808, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553178

RESUMO

Although Sn-Pb perovskites sensing near-ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared light could be an attractive alternative to silicon in photodiodes and imaging, there have been no clear studies on such devices constructed on metal/silicon substrates, hindering their direct integration with complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) and silicon electronics. Typically, high surface roughness and severe pinholes of Sn-rich binary perovskites make it difficult for them to fulfill the requirements of efficient photodiodes and imaging. These issues cause inherently high dark current and poor (dark and photo-) current uniformity. Herein, we propose and demonstrate the room-temperature crystallization in the Sn-rich binary perovskite system to effectively control film crystallization kinetics. With experimental and theoretical studies of the crystallization mechanism, we successfully tune the density and location of nanocrystals in precursor films to achieve compact nanocrystals, which coalesce into high-quality (smooth, dense, and pinhole-free) perovskites with intensified preferred orientation and decreased trap density. The high-quality perovskites reduce dark current and improve (dark and photo-) current uniformity of perovskite photodiodes on CMOS-compatible metal/silicon substrates. Meanwhile, self-powered devices achieve a high responsivity of 0.2 A/W at 940 nm, a large dynamic range of 100 dB, and a fast fall time of 2.27 µs, exceeding those of most silicon-based imaging sensors. Finally, a 6 × 6 pixel integrated photodiode array is successfully demonstrated to realize the imaging application. The work contributes to understanding the fundamentals of the crystallization of Sn-rich binary perovskites and advancing perovskite integration with Si-based electronics.

4.
ACS Sens ; 3(5): 1048-1055, 2018 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737152

RESUMO

Stretchable gas sensors that accommodate the shape and motion characteristics of human body are indispensable to a wearable or attachable smart sensing system. However, these gas sensors usually have poor response and recovery kinetics when operated at room temperature, and especially suffer from humidity interference and mechanical robustness issues. Here, we demonstrate the first fully stretchable gas sensors which are operated at room temperature with enhanced stability against humidity. We created a crumpled quantum dot (QD) sensing layer on elastomeric substrate with flexible graphene as electrodes. Through the control over the prestrain of the flexible substrate, we achieved a 5.8 times improvement in NO2 response at room temperature with desirable stretchability even under 1000 stretch/relax cycles mechanism deformation. The uniformly wavy structural configuration of the crumpled QD gas-sensing layer enabled an improvement in the antihumidity interference. The sensor response shows a minor vibration of 15.9% at room temperature from relative humidity of 0 to 86.7% compared to that of the flat-film sensors with vibration of 84.2%. The successful assembly of QD solids into a crumpled gas-sensing layer enabled a body-attachable, mechanically robust, and humidity-resistant gas sensor, opening up a new pathway to room-temperature operable gas sensors which may be implemented in future smart sensing systems such as stretchable electronic nose and multipurpose electronic skin.


Assuntos
Gases/análise , Umidade , Pontos Quânticos , Eletrodos , Grafite/química , Humanos , Cinética , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/química , Temperatura , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 506: 102-110, 2017 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28728027

RESUMO

Low dimensional nanomaterials have emerged as candidates for gas sensors owing to their unique size-dependent properties. In this paper, Bi2S3 nanobelts were synthesized via a facile solvothermal process and spin-coated onto alumina substrates at room temperature. The conductometric devices can even sensitively response to the relatively low concentrations of NO2 at room temperature, and their sensing performance can be effectively enhanced by the ligand exchange treatment with inorganic salts. The Pb(NO3)2-treated device exhibited superior sensing performance of 58.8 under 5ppm NO2 at room-temperature, with the response and recovery time of 28 and 106s. The competitive adsorption of NO2 against O2 on Bi2S3 nanobelts, with the enhancement both in gas adsorption and charge transfer caused by the porous network of the very thin Bi2S3 nanobelts, can be a reasonable explanation for the improved performance at room temperature. Their sensitive room-temperature response behaviors combined with the excellent solution processability, made Bi2S3 nanobelts very attractive for the construction of low-cost gas sensors with lower power consumption.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(1): 840-6, 2016 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26652646

RESUMO

Solution-processed SnO2 colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have emerged as an important new class of gas-sensing materials due to their potential for low-cost and high-throughput fabrication. Here we employed the design strategy based on the synergetic effect from highly sensitive SnO2 CQDs and excellent conductive properties of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to overcome the transport barrier in CQD gas sensors. The attachment and coverage of SnO2 CQDs on the MWCNT surfaces were achieved by simply mixing the presynthesized SnO2 CQDs and MWCNTs at room temperature. Compared to the pristine SnO2 CQDs, the sensor based on SnO2 quantum dot/MWCNT nanocomposites exhibited a higher response upon exposure to H2S, and the response toward 50 ppm of H2S at 70 °C was 108 with the response and recovery time being 23 and 44 s. Because of the favorable energy band alignment, the MWCNTs can serve as the acceptor of the electrons that are injected from H2S into SnO2 quantum dots in addition to the charge transport highway to direct the electron flow to the electrode, thereby enhancing the sensor response. Our research results open an easy pathway for developing highly sensitive and low-cost gas sensors.

7.
Talanta ; 125: 14-23, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24840409

RESUMO

In this study, surface molecularly imprinted YVO4:Eu(3+) nanoparticles with molecular recognitive optosensing activity were successfully prepared by precipitation polymerization using λ-Cyhalothrin (LC) as template molecules, methacrylic acid and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the polymerization precursors which could complex with template molecules, and the material has been characterized by SEM, TEM, FT-IR, XRD, TGA and so on. Meanwhile, the as-prepared core-shell structured nanocomposite (YVO4:Eu(3+)@MIPs), which was composed of lanthanide doped YVO4:Eu(3+) as fluorescent signal and surface molecular imprinted polymers as molecular selective recognition sites, could selectively and sensitively optosense the template molecules. After the experimental conditions were optimized, two linear relationship were obtained covering the concentration range of 2.0-10.0 µM and 10.0-90.0 µM, and the limit of detection (LOD) for LC was found to be 1.76 µM. Furthermore, a possible mechanism was put forward to explain the fluorescence quenching of YVO4:Eu(3+)@MIPs. More importantly, the obtained sensor was proven to be suitable for the detection of residues of LC in real examples. And the excellent performance of this sensor will facilitate future development of rapid and high-efficiency detection of LC.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Nitrilos/análise , Piretrinas/análise , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Európio/química , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óptica e Fotônica , Polímeros/química , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
8.
Food Chem ; 156: 1-6, 2014 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24629930

RESUMO

In this study, we first present a general protocol for making fluorescent molecularly imprinted polymer microspheres via precipitation polymerisation. We first prepared the fluorescent molecularly imprinted polymer microspheres upon copolymerisation of acrylamide with a small quantity of allyl fluorescein in the presence of cyhalothrin to form recognition sites without doping. The as-synthesised microspheres exhibited spherical shape, high fluorescence intensity and highly selective recognition. Under optical conditions, polymer microspheres were successfully applied to selectively and sensitively detect cyhalothrin, and a linear relationship could be obtained covering the lower concentration range of 0-1.0nM with a correlation coefficient of 0.9936 described by the Stern-Volmer equation. A lower limit of detection was found to be 0.004nM. The results of practical detection suggested that the developed method was satisfactory for determination of cyhalothrin in honey samples. This study therefore demonstrated the potential of molecularly imprinted polymers for detection of cyhalothrin in food.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Mel/análise , Nitrilos/química , Nitrilos/isolamento & purificação , Resíduos de Praguicidas/isolamento & purificação , Polímeros/química , Piretrinas/química , Piretrinas/isolamento & purificação , Fluorescência , Microesferas , Impressão Molecular , Resíduos de Praguicidas/química , Polimerização , Polímeros/síntese química
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