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1.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 66(12): 11-12, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315339

RESUMO

Betel quid (paan) chewing is common in India, especially in Uttar Pradesh. Betel quid has multifaceted relationship with health, including metabolic and psychosocial health. The current recommendations have been released keeping in view the public health and clinical importance of this addictive behavior. The objective of this document is to offer clinical guidance for screening, diagnosis and management of co-occurring betel quid chewing among persons with Diabetes Mellitus (DM). The document aims to provide education and guidance to clinicians engaged in care and management of persons with DM, and improve access to treatment for co-occurring betel quid chewing among persons with DM. The current recommendation grades are based on published evidence, and categorized as strong, intermediate, weak and no evidence. The strength of these recommendations is based on the level of evidence.


Assuntos
Areca , Diabetes Mellitus , Consenso , Humanos , Índia , Mastigação
2.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 65(12): 66-72, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327524

RESUMO

Tobacco use is one of the main preventable causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The global disease burden due to tobacco use is huge with projected mortality of eight million lives per year by 2030. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined as a constellation of cardiovascular and endocrine risk factors such as insulin resistance, obesity, raised blood pressure, and abnormal lipid profile. The relationship between tobacco use and MS has been well established. Also, the causal association between tobacco use and development of individual components of MS is well established. The Uttar Pradesh Association of Physicians of India (UP API) has drafted this position statement on managing tobacco use among persons with or at risk of developing Metabolic Syndrome (MS). This position statement presents evidence-based recommendations as described below. Scope and purpose The objective of this position statement is to offer clinical recommendations for screening, diagnosis and management of tobacco use among persons with or at risk of developing Metabolic Syndrome (MS). The purpose of this document is to aid in identification and treatment of maladaptive patterns of tobacco use i.e. tobacco use disorder (tobacco dependence, harmful use, abuse) in person with or at risk of developing MS. Intended Audience The position statement is targeted at the clinicians engaged in care and management of person with or at risk of developing Metabolic Syndrome (MS). This might also be of relevance to the policy makers considering the public health burden of both MS and tobacco use disorders.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Obesidade , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Uso de Tabaco , Humanos , Índia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Fatores de Risco
3.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 31(9): 958-64, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15979270

RESUMO

AIMS: This study evaluates the breast cancer nomogram (BCN), an online tool developed by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center to determine the rate of non-SLN positivity, in an independent cohort of SLN positive patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Available data between 02/2000 and 06/2004 in two prospective databases, 749 cases had successful SLN biopsy including 149 axillary-SLN metastases study cases. These cases had accurately graded tumours up to 9 cm in size and CAD with a minimum total 10 nodes removed. Histopathological assessment of nodes included hematoxylin and eosin staining and/or immunohistochemistry. Computerized BCN was used to estimate probability of non-SLN positivity and compared with actual probability after grouping into deciles. RESULTS: The trend of actual probability in various decile groups was comparable to the predicted probability. An area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.75 as compared to 0.76 in the original study. CONCLUSION: Although this study is small, the results are encouraging and suggest the nomogram is a useful tool to estimate the likelihood of positive axillary non-SLN. However, variations in pathological assessment between centres are the major impediment to widespread application of BCN. If SLN positive patients decline the standard recommendation of CAD or entry into clinical trials evaluating the significance of CAD then the BCN could help in decision making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Nomogramas , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Axila , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Probabilidade
4.
J Commun Dis ; 37(4): 289-95, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17278659

RESUMO

A study was conducted to find out the bacteriological quality of water during the monsoon season in local areas around Kasauli Town, and to evaluate the management of water resources in rural areas. The water samples were collected from bowries and hand pumps. As there is no municipal water supply in majority of these areas, the local residents depends mainly on these natural resources without any treatment of water. All the 14 surface water samples collected from bowries were found bacteriologically polluted with total coliform count ranging from 35-1800+. The main contaminants isolated were atypical thermotolerant E. coli, Pseudomonas fluorescence, Enterobacter cloacae, Aeromonas liquifaciens, Citrobacter freundii and Pseudomonas pseudomaleii. Among seven hand pump samples, two were found to have Coliform count 80 and 250 respectively. These two water samples were found contaminated with Citrobacter freundii and E. coli &Aeromonas liquefaciens respectively. These bacteriological contaminations appear to be both from vegetative & human or animal excreta sources. The study therefore suggested that the water from these natural resources requires treatment either by boiling or chlorination before human consumption to avoid any outbreak.


Assuntos
Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia da Água , Abastecimento de Água , Índia , População Rural
5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 274(1): 331-3, 2004 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15120307

RESUMO

The surface tension of a ternary liquid mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and argon has been calculated by a new approach using critical constants Pc, Vc, and Tc at temperatures ranging from 90 to 110 K and pressure up to 865 kPa. New formalism has been made by modifying the Brock-Bird relation. The computed values are compared with the experimental findings. Satisfactory results have been obtained.

6.
Trop Doct ; 30(4): 225-7, 2000 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11075658

RESUMO

Nasal myiasis is a common disease in tropical and developing countries. The maggots cause extensive necrosis, sloughing and destruction of intranasal tissue and reach to deep and inaccessible areas of the nose and paranasal sinuses. In such a situation removal of maggots is difficult by manual extraction and several sittings are required. To overcome this problem nasal endoscope is being used for removal of maggots under direct vision. In comparing both methods nasal endoscopic procedure is found to be superior to the manual extraction method for removal of maggots. The maggots located in deep and inaccessible area can be approached more easily by endoscopic procedure. The disease is being controlled in shorter time and in few sittings. Thus quick and complete eradication of myiasis is possible before the maggots cause irreparable damage to the intranasal tissues.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Miíase/cirurgia , Doenças Nasais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Larva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Nasais/parasitologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Clima Tropical
7.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 50(1): 60-2, 1998 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23119381

RESUMO

Atropic Rhinitis is a chronic non-specific disease characterised by atrophy of mucosa and turbinate bones. Maxillary antrum may sometimes be involved as result of primary disease or at time secondary to mucosal pathology or crusting. Extension of disease involving the eustachian tube is uncertain. In the present study, endoscopy of the nasopharynx was performed in 20 patients with atrophic rhinitis to find out the type, nature and site of lesion at the orifice of the eustachian tube. The lesion was found in seven cases (35%) involving the eustachian tube. The lesion occurs in form of atrophic changes with crusting granuloma and thick mucoid area. Endoscopy is also found to be therepeutic value in removing the thick discharge crust etc. at the orifice of eustachian tube to prevent the otological complications.

8.
J Laryngol Otol ; 111(5): 438-40, 1997 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9205603

RESUMO

Twenty-two cases of rhinoscleroma were studied to determine the involvement of the larynx. The study revealed that scleroma affected the larynx in 40 per cent of cases. In the larynx, scleromatous lesions were found in the subglottic region and the disease was observed in stages i.e., atrophic, granulomatous (proliferative i.e., nodular) and a fibrotic or sclerotic (scarring) stage as found in the nose. The role of laryngological examination is established in the diagnosis of asymptomatic and early laryngeal lesions and in assessing response to initial treatment. Extensive granulomatous lesions were treated by open excision by the laryngofissure approach which was found to be the best method resulting in a quick recovery without any evidence of subglottic stenosis. The disease as a whole is discussed in the light of available literature.


Assuntos
Laringe/patologia , Rinoscleroma/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Doenças da Laringe/patologia , Laringoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 16(2): 77-8, 1997 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9114590
10.
Trop Doct ; 27(2): 89-90, 1997 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9133791

RESUMO

Intranasal sensation was assessed in a group of 25 lepromatous leprosy patients. It was found that 17 patients showed partial or complete impairment of intranasal common sensation. The intranasal anaesthesia is found to be related to the advancement of intranasal disease. Loss of sensation may lead to repeated trauma, ulceration and epistaxis, due to repeated 'picking' of the nose in an attempt to remove the crustings. It is suggested therefore, that the lepromatous leprosy patient should be taught to take care of the nose just as they are instructed in the care of their hands and feet.


Assuntos
Hanseníase Virchowiana/complicações , Doenças Nasais/etiologia , Transtornos das Sensações/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Nasal/inervação , Doenças Nasais/fisiopatologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Transtornos das Sensações/fisiopatologia
11.
J Laryngol Otol ; 111(2): 122-4, 1997 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9102435

RESUMO

Ten patients with lepromatous leprosy have been studied to detect intranasal pathology by conventional naked eye rhinoscopy and also by use of the surgical microscope. The comparison of both methods reveals that microscopic rhinoscopy is superior in providing more accurate details of intranasal lesions in leprosy and biopsy can be taken in a precise manner from accurate and representative sites. Use of the microscope with adequate exposure and bright illumination provides precise details of lesions and an opportunity for bimanual manipulation, photography, teaching and recording. Thus, it is worthwhile to perform microscopic rhinoscopy in such cases.


Assuntos
Hanseníase Virchowiana/patologia , Doenças Nasais/patologia , Adulto , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Nasal/patologia
12.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 49(1): 60-1, 1997 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23119255

RESUMO

Dental Paraesthesia following intranasal surgery is a definate but ignored and ill defined complication, although it is experienced by many patients. A prospective study of 325 patients who underwent various surgical procedures on the lateral wall of the nasal fossa revealed a complication of dental paraesthesia in 85 (26.16%) patients. It has also been observed that dental paraesthesia is related with the surgical procedure performed on the patients. Dental paraesthesia or pain may distribute from incisor, canine to molar region.The area affected by pain Paraesthesia appeares ot have definate anatomical basis.

13.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 49(Suppl 1): 61-2, 1997 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23119360

RESUMO

Laurence-Moon-Biedl-Bardet Syndrome is a rare hereditary autosomal recessive disease. It is clinically characterised by a pentad of congenital defects e.g. poly or syndactyly, mental retardation, obesity, hypogenitalism and retinitis pigmentosa. Five cases of the syndrome with additional ENT features are presented. The salient features of the condition are discussed in the light of available literatures.

14.
s.l; s.n; 1997. 3 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, HANSEN, Hanseníase, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1237128
15.
s.l; s.n; 1997. 2 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, HANSEN, Hanseníase, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1237165
16.
Lepr Rev ; 66(4): 314-7, 1995 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8637385

RESUMO

The technique of nasopharynogoscopy affords an accurate assessment of the lesions at the orifices of the eustachian tube. It was performed in 30 patients suffering from lepromatous leprosy in order to determine the type, nature and site of the lesion. Involvement of the eustachian tube in leprosy may begin with a localized area of erythema progressing to granuloma formation or ulceration. Leprous lesion at the eustachian tube orifices was related with subsequent changes in the tympanogram pattern. Nasopharyngoscopy is also found to be of therapeutic value in removing the crust, discharge and granulations at the eustachian tube orifices.


Assuntos
Tuba Auditiva/patologia , Hanseníase Virchowiana/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
J Laryngol Otol ; 108(11): 944-6, 1994 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7829946

RESUMO

Rhinoscleroma is a chronic specific granulomatous inflammatory condition that has an affinity with the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. Involvement of the eustachian tube is uncommon. In the present study nasopharyngoscopy was performed in 20 patients with rhinoscleroma to find out the type, nature and site of the lesion at the orifices of the eustachian tube. A lesion involving the eustachian tube was found in six cases (30 per cent). Lesions occurred in the form of atrophic changes with crusting, granuloma and fibrotic thick areas. Involvement of the eustachian tube was found to be associated with intranasal scleroma and was more common at the granulomatous stage. Eustachian tube scleroma had a possible association with subsequent changes in the tympanogram pattern. Nasopharyngoscopy was found to be of therapeutic value in removing the crust, discharge and granulations at the eustachian tube orifices.


Assuntos
Tuba Auditiva/patologia , Rinoscleroma/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Rinoscleroma/terapia
18.
J Laryngol Otol ; 108(6): 484-5, 1994 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8027646

RESUMO

Twenty cases suffering from rhinoscleroma were studied. Bronchoscopy was performed for detection of secondary involvement of the subglottic region, trachea and bronchus. The study revealed that the larynx was involved in 40 per cent, the trachea in 20 per cent and the bronchus in 10 per cent of cases. The intranasal lesion, endotracheal and endobroncheal lesions all occur in the form of an atrophic stage, granulomatous (proliferative) stage and finally a fibrotic or scarring stage. The role of bronchoscopy in early diagnosis, initial symptomatic treatment and in follow-up is discussed in the light of the available literature.


Assuntos
Brônquios/patologia , Infecções por Klebsiella/patologia , Laringe/patologia , Infecções Respiratórias/patologia , Traqueia/patologia , Adulto , Broncoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Indian J Lepr ; 66(1): 45-9, 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7983391

RESUMO

Tympanometry was performed in 20 patients with lepromatous leprosy. About 30% showed tympanogram B type indicating middle ear pathology which was shown to be related to the stage of lepromatous rhinitis. The pathogenesis of middle ear malfunction in lepromatous leprosy is discussed.


Assuntos
Testes de Impedância Acústica , Tuba Auditiva/fisiopatologia , Hanseníase Virchowiana/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
J Laryngol Otol ; 106(8): 697-8, 1992 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1402358

RESUMO

Rhinoscleroma is a chronic specific granulomatous inflammatory condition that has an affinity to the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. Involvement of maxillary antrum is said to be very uncommon. In the present study antroscopy was performed in 20 patients with rhinoscleroma to find out the type, nature and site of the lesion in the maxillary antrum. The maxillary antrum was involved in 60 per cent of cases with rhinoscleroma. The lesions occurred in the form of atrophic changes, granuloma, and the fibrotic thick healed stage. The anterior-inferior part and medial wall of the antrum are found to be more commonly affected. It is suggested that involvement of maxillary antrum in scleroma may act as a reservoir of infection and such patients may therefore take a longer time to respond to antibiotic therapy.


Assuntos
Seio Maxilar/patologia , Rinoscleroma/patologia , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Rinoscleroma/diagnóstico por imagem
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