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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35113316

RESUMO

Pleuroperitoneal communication is one of the complications for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Communication sites, such as defects or bleb-like lesions, are found in the diaphragm, but it is sometimes difficult to detect these sites. We combined the infrared thoracoscopy and negative pressure technique to detect communication sites. We think our new technique will become an alternative option for difficult and complex cases.

2.
Surg Today ; 2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35211804

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To establish the prognostic significance of C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin in octogenarians with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on the study of the Japanese Association for Chest Surgery (JACS 1303). METHODS: A total of 618 octogenarians with pathological stage I NSCLC, who underwent pulmonary resection, were included in the analysis. We conducted multivariable Cox regression analysis to evaluate the CRP to albumin ratio (CAR) as a potential prognostic factor. Other clinicopathological factors were also evaluated. RESULTS: The median age was 82 years. Operations included lobectomy (n = 388; 62.8%) segmentectomy (n = 95; 15%), and wedge resection (n = 135; 22%). Pathological stage IA was diagnosed in 380 (61.5%) patients. The 3-year (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CS) rates were 86.7% and 94.6%, respectively. OS was significantly higher for patients with low CAR (< 0.106) than for those with high CAR (≥ 0.106) (hazard ratio = 3.13, 95% confidence interval: 1.99-4.93, p < 0.0001). Univariate analysis identified sex, poor performance status, smoking status, comorbidity, solid tumor, histology, high Glasgow prognostic scale, and high CAR as significant prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis identified only the CAR as a significant prognostic factor for both OS and CS. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis of the nationwide data demonstrated that the CAR is a useful prognostic factor for elderly patients with stage I NSCLC.

3.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 70(2): 193-196, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676483

RESUMO

A 69-year-old man with occupational exposure to asbestos was referred to our hospital with right diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. He underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy with reconstruction of the pericardium and diaphragm using elongated polytetrafluoroethylene patches, followed by postoperative chemotherapy and chest wall irradiation. One year later, he was hospitalized because of a right empyema caused by Escherichia coli infection. As chest drainage and systemic antibiotics did not eliminate the abscess around the artificial patches, a Clagett window was created. To avoid mediastinal and liver overshift into the right thoracic cavity, we only performed partial resection of the diaphragm patch and incision of the artificial pericardium. After 19 days of irrigation and dressing change, the artificial patches were completely removed. Two months later, the patient provided a culture-negative sample and had an improved nutritional status; we therefore performed closure of the Clagett window with thoracoplasty. He did not experience recurrence of empyema.


Assuntos
Empiema Pleural , Mesotelioma Maligno , Mesotelioma , Neoplasias Pleurais , Idoso , Empiema Pleural/etiologia , Empiema Pleural/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Mesotelioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pleurais/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos
4.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690079

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prognostic significance of mediastinal lymph node dissection (MLND) in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. This post hoc analysis of a nationwide multicenter cohort study (JACS1303) evaluated the prognostic significance of MLND in octogenarians with NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 622 octogenarians with NSCLC who underwent lobectomy. The median follow-up duration was 41.1 months. We compared survival and perioperative outcomes between patients who did and did not undergo MLND. RESULTS: In total, 414 (67%) patients underwent MLND (ND2 group), whereas 208 (33%) did not undergo MLND (ND0-1 group). The disease stage was more advanced in the ND2 group than in the ND0-1 group. Disease-free survival was slightly greater in the ND0-1 group with marginal significance (P= .079). In the matched cohort (N = 228), which mainly consisted of patients with clinical stage I disease (96%), there was no significant difference between the 2 groups regarding overall and disease-free survival (P= .908 and P = .916, respectively). Operative time and blood loss were significantly lower in the ND0-1 group than in the ND2 group in the entire cohort (P< .001 and P = .050, respectively) and in the matched cohort (P = .003 and P= .046, respectively). CONCLUSION: Based on a nationwide prospective database, we found limited prognostic impact of MLND, suggesting that MLND can be omitted for octogenarians with early-stage NSCLC.

5.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 29(9): 964-967, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515527

RESUMO

We report two cases of long-term survival after single living-donor lobar lung transplantation with contralateral pneumonectomy. An 8-year-old female with pulmonary graft-versus-host disease after cord-blood transplantation underwent single living-donor lobar lung transplantation with simultaneous contralateral pneumonectomy due to an oversized graft. She has been performing daily life activities for ≥11 years with limited physical development. A 41-year-old female with short stature underwent single living-donor lobar lung transplantation due to pulmonary graft-versus-host disease after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Contralateral pneumonectomy was required 7 years following living-donor lobar lung transplantation due to pneumonia in the native lung. Eleven years after living-donor lobar lung transplantation, she is able to perform daily life activities.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pulmão , Pneumonectomia , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Doadores Vivos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos
6.
Kyobu Geka ; 74(8): 595-597, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334601

RESUMO

A 69-year-old man had experienced right upper lobectomy for inflammatory granuloma. Three months after surgery, he was diagnosed with pleural empyema due to bronchopleural fistula and open window thoracostomy was performed. Since we could not decrease the dead space and the amount of pleural effusion, we introduced negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Before applying, we closed the fistula with suturing and cyanoacrylate products. Four weeks later, we performed an operation to close the open window with muscle transposition. NPWT is reported to be useful to treat pleural empyema, but control the air leakage from fistulas is essential to introduce this treatment. We think cyanoacrylate products may be useful in closing fistulas temporarily to introduce NPWT.


Assuntos
Fístula Brônquica , Empiema Pleural , Empiema , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Doenças Pleurais , Idoso , Fístula Brônquica/cirurgia , Cianoacrilatos , Empiema Pleural/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Pleurais/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia
7.
Kyobu Geka ; 74(6): 477-480, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059597

RESUMO

A 68-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further examination for chest abnormal shadow in the right lung field. He had a past history of subarachnoid hemorrhage. He was diagnosed with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) and recommended early treatment, but he didnot accept immediate surgical treatment. Three months later, he was transferred to other hospital emergently to treat nausea and dizziness. After being diagnosed with cerebellum abscess, external drainage was performed at our hospital. First drainage had a temporary efficacy, so second drainage was performed before referring to our department. Considering his condition and brain abscess, surgery for PAVM was done.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Malformações Arteriovenosas , Abscesso Encefálico , Veias Pulmonares , Idoso , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Abscesso Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Encefálico/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia
8.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 33(2): 242-249, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although lymph node (LN) metastases are not uncommon in thymic carcinomas, preoperative LN evaluation, intraoperative lymph node dissection (LND) and postoperative outcomes remain unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate the characteristics of and outcomes in patients with thymic carcinomas and thymic neuroendocrine carcinomas undergoing LND. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed using our multi-institutional database to identify patients who underwent resection and LND for thymic carcinoma or thymic neuroendocrine carcinoma between 1991 and 2018. An enlarged mediastinal LN was defined as having a short-axis diameter >1 cm. We assessed survival outcomes using the Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: N1-level LND was performed in 41 patients (54.6%), N2-level LND in 14 patients (18.7%) and both-level LND in 16 patients (21.3%). Pathological LN metastasis was detected in 20 patients (26.7%) among the 75 patients undergoing LND. There was a significant difference in the number of LN stations (P = 0.015) and metastasis factor (P = 0.0042) between pathologically LN-positive and pathologically LN-negative patients. The sensitivity of enlarged LNs on preoperative computed tomography was 18.2%. There was a tendency towards worse overall survival of pathologically N2-positive patients, although the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.15). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative CT appears to play a limited role in detecting pathological LN metastases. Our findings suggest that the significance of N1- and N2-level LND should be evaluated in prospective studies to optimize the postoperative management of patients with thymic carcinomas and neuroendocrine carcinomas.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Timoma , Neoplasias do Timo , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Timoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Timoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Timo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Timo/patologia , Neoplasias do Timo/cirurgia
9.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 506, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this multicenter, randomized phase II study was to analyze the feasibility and safety of alternate-day S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine, for adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with completely resected pathological stage I (tumor diameter > 2 cm) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive adjuvant chemotherapy for 1 year comprising either alternate-day oral administration of S-1 (80 mg/m2/day) for 4 days a week (Group A) or a 2-week oral administration of S-1 (80 mg/m2/day) followed by 1 week of rest (Group B). The primary endpoint was feasibility, which was defined as the proportion of patients who completed the allocated intervention for 6 months with a relative dose intensity (RDI) of 70% or more. RESULTS: Ninety-three patients were enrolled of whom 90 patients received S-1 treatment. Median follow-up was 66.9 months. The treatment completion rate based on an RDI of 70% or more for 6 months was 84.4% (95%CI; 70.5-93.5%) in group A and 64.4% (95%CI; 48.8-78.1%) in group B. There were no grade 4 adverse events in either group. Moderate or severe adverse events (grade 2 or grade 3) were significantly more frequent in group B (67%) compared with group A (29%, P = 0.001). The 5-year relapse-free survival rate was 87.0 and 80.9% for group A and B, respectively (P = 0.451). The 5-year overall survival rate for all patients (n = 93) was 100 and 89.4% for group A and B, respectively (P = 0.136). CONCLUSION: Alternate-day oral administration of S-1 for 1 year as adjuvant chemotherapy was demonstrated to be feasible with low toxicity in completely resected stage I (tumor diameter > 2 cm) NSCLC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial registration number: UMIN000011994 . Date of registration: 10/8/2013.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Esquema de Medicação , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Tegafur/efeitos adversos
10.
J Thorac Oncol ; 16(10): 1753-1758, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905897

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A histologic grading system for invasive lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) has been proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) Pathology Committee in June 2020. This study evaluated the prognostic value of the IASLC histologic grading system (the IASLC system) in a large Japanese cohort. METHODS: We performed comprehensive histologic subtyping using the semiquantitative estimation of five major patterns and complex glandular patterns in patients with a completely resected lung ADC and determined the histologic grade using the IASLC system. Concordance index and receiver-operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate the clinical utility of the IASLC system for recurrence and death; the comparison was performed with the architectural-pattern system (the Arch system) and the grading system on the basis of the two most predominant patterns (the Sica's system). RESULTS: Of 1002 patients with invasive ADC, 235 had recurrent disease and 166 died of lung cancer. The concordance index and area under the curve of the IASLC system were 0.777 and 0.807 for recurrence and 0.767 and 0.776 for death, respectively. These were similar to those of the Arch system (0.763 and 0.796 for recurrence, 0.743 and 0.755 for death) and the Sica's system (0.786 and 0.814 for recurrence, 0.762 and 0.773 for death). CONCLUSIONS: We reported that the IASLC system for invasive lung ADC has prognostic significance by evaluating a large Japanese cohort. We believe that the IASLC grading system will provide physicians with better information for postsurgery treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
11.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(12): 7219-7227, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomic resection with lymph node dissection or sampling is the standard treatment for early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and wedge resection is an option for compromised patients. This study aimed to determine whether wedge resection can provide comparable prognoses for elderly patients with NSCLC. METHODS: The study analyzed the clinicopathologic findings and surgical outcomes during a median follow-up period of 39.6 months for 156 patients with solid dominant (consolidation-to-tumor ratio > 0.5) small (whole tumor size ≤ 2 cm) NSCLC among 892 patients 80 years of age or older with medically operable lung cancer between April 2015 and December 2016. RESULTS: The 3-year overall survival (OS) rates after wedge resection and after segmentectomy plus lobectomy did not differ significantly (86.5 %; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 74.6-93.0 % vs 83.7 % 95 % CI, 74.0-90.0 %; P = 0.92). Multivariable Cox regression analysis of OS with propensity scores showed that the surgical procedure was not an independent prognostic predictor (hazard ratio [HR], 0.84; 95 % CI, 0.39-1.8; P = 0.64). The 3-year OS rates were slightly better after wedge resection for 97 patients who could tolerate lobectomy than after segmentectomy plus lobectomy (89.4 %; 95 % CI, 73.8-95.9 % vs 75.8 %; 95 % CI, 62.0-85.2 %; P = 0.14). The cumulative incidence of other causes for death was marginally higher after segmentectomy plus lobectomy than after wedge resection (P = 0.079). CONCLUSIONS: Wedge resection might be equivalent to lobectomy or segmentectomy for selected patients 80 years of age or older with early-stage NSCLC who can tolerate lobectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pneumonectomia
12.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 10(1): 117-127, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33569298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cribriform-predominant adenocarcinoma of the lung (Cribri-ADC) is a recently described tumor growth pattern. However, its prognostic impact has not been clearly determined. We analyzed the data of a series of 1,057 Japanese patients with resected lung adenocarcinoma to identify the clinical significance of Cribri-ADC. METHODS: Cribriform pattern (Cribri-p) is defined as invasive back-to-back fused tumor glands with poorly formed glandular spaces or invasive tumor nests comprising tumors cells that produced glandular lumina. We investigated the correlations of Cribri-p and Cribri-ADC with clinicopathological factors as well as disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Cribri-p was present in 217 patients (20.5%) and Cribri-ADC was determined in 25 patients (2.4%). Cribri-p was associated with larger tumor size, pleural invasion, vascular invasion, lymphatic invasion, and spreading through air spaces (STAS) (all, P<0.0001). Cribri-ADC was associated with younger age (P=0.019), vascular invasion (P=0.0025), STAS (P<0.0001), and ALK rearrangement (P=0.012). The DFS curve of patients with Cribri-ADC was identical to that of patients with solid adenocarcinoma; however, the OS curve was located between that of patients with papillary and acinar adenocarcinoma. Of the 10 patients who had tumor recurrences, eight had EGFR mutations or ALK rearrangement, six of whom achieved relatively long survival (median, 64.6, range, 37.4-113 months) following treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). In multivariate analysis, Cribri-ADC was not an independent prognostic factor of either recurrence or death. CONCLUSIONS: Cribri-ADC is associated with a higher risk of recurrence; however, most patients can be successfully treated with TKIs.

13.
Surg Today ; 51(4): 502-510, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776294

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There are few data available on the outcomes of postoperative recurrent thymic carcinoma (TC) and thymic neuroendocrine carcinoma (TNEC). The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment and survival in patients with recurrent TC and TNEC after undergoing surgical resection. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed using our multicenter database to identify patients with a postoperative recurrence of TC and TNEC from 1995 to 2018. The clinicopathological factors were reviewed and the survival outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Sixty patients were identified among 152 patients who underwent resection of TC and TNEC. The median follow-up period from the first recurrence was 14.8 months (range 0-144). The 5-year post-recurrence survival was 23% for the whole cohort. According to a univariable analysis, advanced stage [hazard ratio (HR) 2.81, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-9.54], interval between primary surgery and recurrence (HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.95-0.99), any treatment for recurrence (HR: 0.27, 95% CI 0.13-0.58) and chemotherapy for recurrence (HR: 0.46, 95% CI 0.22-0.95) were significant factors related to post-recurrence survival. CONCLUSIONS: Chemotherapy rather than surgery appears to be the mainstay treatment for managing patients with postoperative recurrent TC and TNEC and it may also be considered in multidisciplinary management. Further studies with a larger sample size are required to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Timoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Timo/cirurgia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/mortalidade , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Timoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Timo/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(9): 712-715, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879279

RESUMO

A 63-year-old man was pointed out a mass lesion in his chest X-ray at a medical checkup and referred to our hospital for further examination. Chest computed tomography showed a 4 cm-diameter tumor in the left upper lobe. He was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma by bronchoscopic biopsy. Therefore, we performed left upper lobectomy. The tumor was diagnosed as pulmonary blastoma with the differentiation of adenocarcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Blastoma Pulmonar , Adulto , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 9(3): 587-602, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A micropapillary pattern (MP-p) is related to poor prognosis in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (L-ADC). In 2015, the WHO defined the MP-p as "papillary tufts forming florets that lack fibrovascular cores and may appear detached from alveolar walls"; however, the sizes of tumor clusters in air space were not mentioned in this classification. METHODS: We evaluated the MP-p dividing the cluster sizes in the air space by reviewing 1,062 cases of resected L-ADCs. We classified MP-p into two types according to cluster size as follows: typical floret MP-p, tumors with small-to-medium-sized clusters (1-20 tumor cells); and large nest MP-p, tumors with large-sized clusters (>20 tumor cells, large nest). We then recorded the frequency of each type and investigated the association between the MP-p type and clinicopathological factors. RESULTS: Twenty-nine percent of L-ADCs (n=308) were MP-p-positive. Typical floret MP-p and large nest MP-p were observed in 244 tumors (22.9%) and 64 tumors (6.0%), respectively. Only 7 additional micropapillary ADCs were detected when we reclassified ADCs in addition to large nest MP-p. Tumors with large nest MP-p showed the highest frequency of node metastasis and worse prognosis compared to those with typical floret MP-p and absent (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, patients with L-ADC with typical floret MP-p and large nest MP-p showed a higher recurrence rate [hazard ratio (HR): 1.762 (type 1 vs. absent), HR: 2.450 (type 2 vs. absent)]. CONCLUSIONS: Large nest MP-p should be included in the original MP-p and recorded separately.

16.
Anticancer Res ; 40(6): 3287-3296, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1) is an important epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) activator that regulates the expression of E-cadherin and vimentin through Smad signalling. Tranilast is an anti-allergic drug that inhibits TGF-ß1, and is used in the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars. We investigated whether tranilast inhibits TGF-ß1-induced EMT and invasiveness in human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the effects of tranilast treatment on EMT markers, TGF-ß1/Smad signalling, and cell invasiveness in A549 and PC14 cells. Tumours from a mouse orthotopic lung cancer model with or without tranilast treatment were also immunohistochemically evaluated. RESULTS: Tranilast increased E-cadherin expression via Smad4 suppression and inhibited cell invasion in TGF-ß1-stimulated cells. Tranilast treatment of the in vivo mouse model reduced the pleural dissemination of cancer cells and suppressed vimentin and Smad4 expression. CONCLUSION: Tranilast inhibited TGF-ß1-induced EMT and cellular invasion/metastasis by suppressing Smad4 expression in cancer cells.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteína Smad4/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/efeitos dos fármacos , ortoaminobenzoatos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , ortoaminobenzoatos/farmacologia
17.
Mod Pathol ; 33(9): 1722-1731, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32313186

RESUMO

Discohesive growth pattern (Disco-p) is often observed in lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) and mimics tumor budding (TB), stromal invasive-type micropapillary pattern (SMPP), and complex glandular pattern. However, the clinical impact of Disco-p in lung ADC has not been well studied. To investigate the prognostic significance of Disco-p, we analyzed 1062 Japanese patients with resected lung ADC. Disco-p was defined as an invasive growth pattern composed of single tumor cells, or trabeculae or small nests of tumor cells associated with desmoplastic fibrous stroma. We recorded the percentage of Disco-p in 5% increments independent of the major histologic pattern and investigated its correlation with different clinicopathological factors. We also analyzed the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Disco-p was observed in 203 tumors (19.1%). Disco-p was significantly associated with male sex, smoking, lymph node metastasis, large tumor size, high TNM stage, lymphovascular and pleural invasion, spread through air spaces, and TB (all, p < 0.001). Of the total cases, only eight cases exhibited a dubious pattern between SMPP and Disco-p. Disco-p was also associated with wild-type EGFR (p < 0.001) and ALK fusion (p = 0.008). Patients harboring tumors with Disco-p had significantly worse prognoses (OS and DFS (both, p < 0.001)) compared with those without Disco-p. On multivariate analysis, Disco-p was an independent prognostic factor of worse OS (hazard ratio (HR), 2.572; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.789-3.680; p < 0.001), and DFS (HR, 3.413; 95% CI, 2.482-4.683; p < 0.001), whereas TB was not an independent unfavorable prognostic factor. Disco-p was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor in patients with resected lung ADC, although a careful evaluation is necessary to distinguish it from similar patterns. We proposed that Disco-p should be recognized as a new invasive pattern and accurately recorded for the better management of patients with lung ADCs.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
18.
Transplantation ; 104(6): 1150-1158, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Localization of inflammatory stimuli may direct lung allografts to different phenotypes of chronic dysfunction, such as bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) or restrictive allograft syndrome (RAS). We hypothesized that airway stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rats leads to airway-centered inflammation similar to human BOS. METHODS: Rat left lung transplantation was conducted (donor: Brown Norway, recipient: Lewis). Allotransplant recipients received cyclosporine A (CsA) until postoperative day 56 with airway instillation of LPS (Allo-LPS, n = 8), phosphate buffered saline (Allo-PBS, n = 5) from days 35 to 46 (3 times a wk), or no further treatment (n = 4). Some allotransplant recipients received CsA until day 14 and were immunosuppression free after day 15 until day 56. Bronchial and pleural fibrosis were semiquantified; alveolar fibrosis was evaluated with a histological scale. RESULTS: The Allo-LPS group had significantly increased International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation rejection grades (grade A, P = 0.005; grade B, P = 0.004), bronchial obstructive proportion (0.34 ± 0.04% [Allo-LPS] versus 0.11 ± 0.04% [Allo-PBS], P = 0.006), and airway resistance (3.05 ± 1.78 cm H2O·s/mL [Allo-LPS] versus 0.83 ± 0.58 cm H2O·s/mL [Allo-PBS], P = 0.007) compared with other groups. Allotransplant recipients that underwent a short course of CsA developed RAS-like fibrosis involving the airways, alveoli, and pleura. CONCLUSIONS: Airway instillation of LPS in allografts under immunosuppression resulted in BOS-like airway-centered inflammation and fibrosis distinct from RAS-like diffuse fibrosis, which was induced by a shortened course of immunosuppression. We propose novel animal models for BOS and RAS after lung transplantation.


Assuntos
Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/imunologia , Bronquiolite Obliterante/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Aloenxertos/imunologia , Aloenxertos/patologia , Animais , Bronquiolite Obliterante/patologia , Fibrose , Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos BN , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos
19.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 57(4): 754-761, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: T4 lung cancer has become a more heterogeneous group since the 8th edition of tumour, node, metastasis classification. The aim of this study was to identify predictive factors related to post-surgical survival in patients with clinical T4 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), based on the 8th edition of the classification. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients with clinical T4 NSCLC who underwent resection between January 2006 and December 2016, to identify factors associated with overall survival. RESULTS: Ninety-three patients were identified. The criteria for clinical T4 disease included tumours larger than 7 cm (n = 54), great vessels or left atrial invasion (n = 22), mediastinal invasion (n = 11), vertebral invasion (n = 3), tracheal or carina invasion (n = 3), diaphragm invasion (n = 1) and ipsilateral different lobe pulmonary metastasis (n = 2). The postoperative nodal status was 0, 1, 2 and 3 in 59, 18, 15 and 1 patient, respectively. R0 resection was achieved in 80 patients, and the 30-day mortality was 0%. The median follow-up time was 37.6 months, and the 5-year overall survival rate was 56.3%. The multivariable analysis revealed that nodal status and R-status were significant prognostic factors for postoperative survival [hazard ratio (HR) 2.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20-5.72, P = 0.016 and HR 3.29, 95% CI 1.45-7.44, P = 0.004]. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery provided encouraging survival outcomes for clinical T4 NSCLC based on the 8th edition of classification. The nodal status and R-status were significant prognostic factors for postoperative survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Kyobu Geka ; 72(12): 1001-1004, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701911

RESUMO

A 22-year-old woman visited a hospital to treat her dyspnea which had lasted for some months. Chest X-ray showed hyperlucency in her left upper lung field and chest computed tomography suggested left upper bronchial obstruction with mucoid impaction. She was referred to our hospital for further examination and treatment. Bronchoscopy showed left upper lobar bronchial atresia. Considering her dyspnea worsened in relatively short terms, surgical treatment was chosen and the resection of left upper division was successfully performed.


Assuntos
Brônquios , Broncoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traqueia , Adulto Jovem
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