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1.
Prog Retin Eye Res ; : 100778, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505218

RESUMO

Innate immune cells such as neutrophils, monocyte-macrophages and microglial cells are pivotal for the health and disease of the retina. For the maintenance of retinal homeostasis, these cells and immunosuppressive molecules in the eye actively regulate the induction and the expression of inflammation in order to prevent excessive activation and subsequent tissue damage. In the disease context, these regulatory mechanisms are modulated genetically and/or by environmental stimuli such as damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), and a chronic innate immune response regulates or contributes to the formation of diverse retinal disorders such as uveitis, retinitis pigmentosa, retinal vascular diseases and retinal fibrosis. Here we summarize the recent knowledge regarding the innate immune response in both ocular immune regulation and inflammatory retinal diseases, and we describe the potential of the innate immune response as a biomarker and therapeutic target.

2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497838

RESUMO

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are a subset of recently identified innate-like T lymphocytes that appear to play an important role in many pathologies ranging from viral and bacterial infection, to autoimmune disorders and cancer. MAIT cells are activated via the presentation of ligands by MR1 on antigen presenting cells to the MAIT T cell receptor (TCR), however few studies have explored the effects of systematic changes to the ligand structure on MR1 binding and MAIT cell activation. Herein, we report on the first study into the effects of changes to the sugar motif in the known MAIT cell agonists 7-hydroxy-6-methyl-8-d-ribityllumazine (RL-6-Me-7-OH) and 5-(2-oxopropylideneamino)-6-d-ribitylaminouracil (5-OP-RU). Tetramer staining of MAIT cells revealed that the absence of the 2'-hydroxy group on the sugar backbone of lumazines improved MR1-MAIT TCR binding, which could be rationalised using computational docking studies. Although none of the lumazines activated MAIT cells, all 5-OP-RU analogues showed significant MAIT cell activation, with several analogues exhibiting comparable activity to 5-OP-RU. Docking studies with the 5-OP-RU analogues revealed different interactions between the sugar backbone and MR1 and the MAIT TCR compared to those observed for the lumazines and confirmed the importance of the 2'-hydroxy group for ligand binding and activity. Taken together, this information will assist in the development of future potent agonists and antagonists of MAIT cells.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435728

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association between long-term regular exercise (exercise frequency and exercise time) and 5-year changes in intraocular pressure in a general Japanese population. METHODS: This population-based, cohort study was conducted in 2007. A total of 3119 Japanese community dwellers aged ≥ 40 years underwent eye examinations including intraocular pressure measurement with a noncontact tonometer. Of these, 1871 subjects (801 men and 1070 women) who underwent intraocular pressure measurement in 2012 participated. We assessed the associations of exercise frequency and exercise time with intraocular pressure using a linear regression model, adjusted for age and possible risk factors that can affect intraocular pressure. RESULTS: The mean 5-year intraocular pressure change ± standard deviation was - 0.84 ± 1.9 mmHg. After adjustment for age, sex, systolic blood pressure, diabetes, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, body mass index, waist circumference, smoking habit, alcohol intake, work intensity levels, and intraocular pressure at baseline, we observed that increased exercise frequency (times/week) and increased exercise time (min/week) were both significantly associated with reduced intraocular pressure (p < 0.05 each). In the subgroup analyses based on the presence/absence of possible confounding risk factors, there was no evidence of heterogeneity among all subgroups (p for heterogeneity > 0.2). CONCLUSIONS: Increased exercise frequency levels and increased exercise time are both independently associated with reduced intraocular pressure levels after adjustment for confounding factors.

4.
Cell Biol Int ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393075

RESUMO

The metabolic state influences the regulation of neural stem/progenitor cells. The pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), an alternative metabolic pathway that operates parallel to glycolysis, not only provides key intermediates for biosynthetic reactions but also controls the fate of neural stem/progenitor cells. We have previously shown that glutamate application leads to the induction of neural progenitor cells in mature ex vivo rat retina. In this study, we investigated whether regulation of the PPP might be changed following glutamate treatment of the retina. Immunoblot analysis revealed that the amount of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the rate-limiting enzyme of the PPP as well as that of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD), another enzyme in this pathway, increased in the glutamate-treated retina. Consistent with the fact that both these enzymes generate reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH), the amount of NAPDH in the treated retina was significantly higher compared with that in the untreated retina. We also found that both DNA synthesis as well as the expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN) increased significantly in the glutamate-treated retina. Furthermore, hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α (HIF-1α), a positive transcriptional regulator of PPP enzymes, was up-regulated at both messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels. Finally, we found the interaction of HIF-1α with the M2 isozyme of pyruvate kinase (PKM2), with this interaction having been shown to contribute to a positive feedback loop in the control of glycolysis. Our results thus show that specific metabolic change in the PPP occurs in the process of neural progenitor cell induction in the mature rat retina.

5.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(8): 2781-2786, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260519

RESUMO

Purpose: To examine trends in the prevalence of myopia and myopic maculopathy in a general Japanese population. Methods: Residents of a Japanese community aged 40 years and older participated in surveys conducted in 2005, 2012, and 2017. Each participant underwent comprehensive eye examinations that included measurements of refractive error, axial lengths, and color fundus photography. Myopic maculopathy was defined according to the criteria of the Meta-analysis of Pathologic Myopia Study Group classification system. Trends in the prevalence of myopia and myopic maculopathy were tested by using a logistic regression analysis fitted by generalized estimating equations to account for individuals submitting to repeated examination. Results: The age-adjusted frequencies of myopia increased significantly from 2005 to 2017 (myopia, 37.7%-45.8%; high myopia 5.8%-9.5%; all P for trend <0.001). The age-adjusted frequency of an axial length level of 26.5 mm or more increased significantly from 2005 to 2017 (3.6%-6.0%; P for trend <0.001). The age-adjusted prevalence of myopic maculopathy also increased significantly with time (1.6% in 2005, 3.0% in 2012 and 3.6% in 2017; P for trend <0.001). Upward trends were observed in the prevalence of diffuse chorioretinal atrophy and patchy chorioretinal atrophy (all P for trend <0.05). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the prevalence of myopia and myopic maculopathy, especially diffuse chorioretinal atrophy and patchy chorioretinal atrophy, increased significantly over the past 12 years in a general Japanese population.

6.
Ophthalmology ; 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257036

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present phenotypic features of 22 patients with S-antigen (SAG) mutations. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one Japanese patients from 16 families with a homozygous c.924delA mutation and 1 patient with a homozygous c.636delT mutation in the SAG gene. METHODS: Clinical records on symptoms; best-corrected visual acuity; and Goldmann perimetry, fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), OCT, and electroretinography results were reviewed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Best-corrected visual acuity, Goldmann perimetry results, imaging findings, and electroretinography results. RESULTS: Ten patients had Oguchi disease and 12 had retinitis pigmentosa (RP) with mean follow-up periods of 13.8 and 10.2 years, respectively. Retinitis pigmentosa patients were older (mean age, 56.0 years) than those with Oguchi disease (mean age, 22.1 years; P < 0.001) at the initial visit. Night blindness noted in childhood was the most common initial symptom for both Oguchi disease (80.0%) and RP (91.7%) patients. Best-corrected visual acuity in the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) was well preserved in Oguchi disease patients (mean, 0.02 logMAR in both eyes) but reduced in most RP patients (mean, 1.32 logMAR [right eye] and 1.35 logMAR [left eye]). Similarly, the visual field in the retinal area was preserved in Oguchi disease patients (mean, 677 mm2 right eye and 667 mm2 left eye) and reduced in RP patients (mean, 369 mm2 right eye and 294 mm2 left eye). Fundus images revealed a characteristic golden sheen with no retinal degeneration in Oguchi disease patients, excluding 2 with macular degeneration detected by FAF, OCT, or both and 1 with mild retinal degeneration confirmed by OCT and fluorescein angiography. Pigmentary retinal degeneration most evident posteriorly was observed in RP patients, accompanied by a characteristic golden sheen in 12 of 14 patients undergoing ultra-widefield fundus imaging. OCT showed disrupted macular structure, and FAF revealed variable hypofluorescence. Electroretinography identified absent rod responses in both diseases, along with relative preservation of cone responses in Oguchi disease patients. Three patients showed progressive loss of the golden sheen based on fundus images, including 1 who demonstrated RP 26 years after the initial diagnosis of Oguchi disease. CONCLUSIONS: Retinitis pigmentosa with SAG mutations often shows a characteristic golden sheen surrounding posterior pigmentary retinal degeneration. Oguchi disease can show progressive degeneration in adulthood, rarely resulting in RP.

7.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0219405, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335861

RESUMO

We previously showed that dietary omega (ω)-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) suppress inflammation in mice with experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). We have now investigated the role of antigen presenting cells (APCs) in this action of ω-3 LCPUFAs. C57BL/6 mice were fed a diet supplemented with ω-3 or ω-6 LCPUFAs for 2 weeks, after which splenocytes were isolated from the mice and cocultured with CD4+ T cells isolated from mice with EAU induced by injection of a human interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein peptide together with complete Freund's adjuvant. The proliferation of and production of interferon-γ and interleukin-17 by T cells from EAU mice in vitro were attenuated in the presence of splenocytes from ω-3 LCPUFA-fed mice as compared with those from mice fed ω-6 LCPUFAs. Splenocyte fractionation by magnetic-activated cell sorting revealed that, among APCs, dendritic cells (DCs) were the target of ω-3 LCPUFAs. Adoptive transfer of DCs from mice fed ω-3 LCPUFAs attenuated disease progression in EAU mice as well as the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by T cells isolated from these latter animals. The proliferation of T cells from control Balb/c mice was also attenuated in the presence of DCs from ω-3 LCPUFA-fed mice as compared with those from ω-6 LCPUFA-fed mice. Furthermore, T cell proliferation in such a mixed lymphocyte reaction was inhibited by prior exposure of DCs from mice fed an ω-6 LCPUFA diet to ω-3 LCPUFAs in vitro. Our results thus suggest that DCs mediate the anti-inflammatory action of dietary ω-3 LCPUFAs in EAU.

8.
Immunol Med ; 42(2): 79-83, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315546

RESUMO

Uveitis, which is a major cause of blindness worldwide, is defined as intraocular inflammation that affects the iris, ciliary body, vitreous, retina and choroid. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is a key cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases including uveitis. Corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents are the conventional therapy to treat non-infectious uveitis. In cases that are resistant to these therapies, anti-TNF agents are added. An anti-TNF-α agent, adalimumab, was recently approved for the treatment of refractory non-infectious uveitis. In this review, we provide an introduction to uveitis and summarize the effectiveness and safety of adalimumab in the treatment of non-infectious uveitis.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8668, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209251

RESUMO

Our study evaluated the diagnostic capability of flow density (FD) in OCT angiography (OCTA) for diabetic retinopathy (DR) detection in diabetic patients. We studied 93 eyes of 68 diabetic patients who underwent OCTA (36 and 57 eyes without and with DR, respectively). Retinal capillary FD of a 2.6 × 2.6 mm2 area and four divided areas at the superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were measured. Predictions were evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The diagnostic capabilities of the FDs in discriminating between eyes without DR and eyes with total or early DR were compared. Furthermore, predictions with foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and DM duration were also compared with FD. Prediction using FD AUC in the temporal side in the DCP (0.83) was the highest and significantly better than all other AUCs examined (P < 0.05), including discriminating between eyes without DR and with early DR (P < 0.01). Prediction using this particular AUC was also significantly better than that by FAZ area and HbA1c (P < 0.001 and <0.001, respectively). Area-divided FD in OCTA may be valuable for diagnosing retinopathy in diabetic patients.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2884, 2019 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253780

RESUMO

Hereditary retinal degenerations (HRDs) are Mendelian diseases characterized by progressive blindness and caused by ultra-rare mutations. In a genomic screen of 331 unrelated Japanese patients, we identify a disruptive Alu insertion and a nonsense variant (p.Arg1933*) in the ciliary gene RP1, neither of which are rare alleles in Japan. p.Arg1933* is almost polymorphic (frequency = 0.6%, amongst 12,000 individuals), does not cause disease in homozygosis or heterozygosis, and yet is significantly enriched in HRD patients (frequency = 2.1%, i.e., a 3.5-fold enrichment; p-value = 9.2 × 10-5). Familial co-segregation and association analyses show that p.Arg1933* can act as a Mendelian mutation in trans with the Alu insertion, but might also associate with disease in combination with two alleles in the EYS gene in a non-Mendelian pattern of heredity. Our results suggest that rare conditions such as HRDs can be paradoxically determined by relatively common variants, following a quasi-Mendelian model linking monogenic and complex inheritance.


Assuntos
Ciliopatias/genética , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doenças Retinianas/genética , Elementos Alu/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Genômica , Humanos , Japão , Mutação , Linhagem
11.
Ophthalmol Retina ; 3(10): 867-873, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the association between axial length (AL) and the prevalence of myopic maculopathy in a general Japanese population. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2790 Hisayama residents 40 years of age or older who consented to participate and had available data of AL and fundus photographs for the right eyes were enrolled in this study. METHODS: Myopic maculopathy was defined as the presence of diffuse chorioretinal atrophy, patchy chorioretinal atrophy, or macular degeneration. The optimal cutoff values of axial length for identifying myopic maculopathy were estimated from the receiver operating characteristic curve. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using a logistic regression analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Odds ratios of AL for prevalent myopic maculopathy and the optimal cutoff values of AL for detecting myopic maculopathy. RESULTS: Longer AL was associated significantly with prevalence of myopic maculopathy in both genders. The optimal cutoff values of AL for identifying myopic maculopathy were 25.9 mm in men and 25.3 mm in women. Participants with ALs of these values or longer showed a significantly higher OR for myopic maculopathy than those with AL of less than these values (men: OR, 21.23; 95% CI, 8.74-51.57; women: OR, 38.49; 95% CI, 18.03-86.49). CONCLUSIONS: The present study found that there was a positive association between AL and the likelihood of myopic maculopathy, and the cutoff levels of AL for identifying myopic maculopathy were 25.9 mm in men and 25.3 mm in women. Our findings suggest that patients with AL close to or longer than these values should undergo intensive treatment and detailed ophthalmic follow-up.

12.
J Med Genet ; 56(10): 662-670, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The genetic profile of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in East Asian populations has not been well characterised. Therefore, we conducted a large-scale sequencing study to investigate the genes and variants causing RP in a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 1209 Japanese patients diagnosed with typical RP were enrolled. We performed deep resequencing of 83 known causative genes of RP using next-generation sequencing. We defined pathogenic variants as those that were putatively deleterious or registered as pathogenic in the Human Gene Mutation Database or ClinVar database and had a minor allele frequency in any ethnic population of ≤0.5% for recessive genes or ≤0.01% for dominant genes as determined using population-based databases. RESULTS: We successfully sequenced 1204 patients with RP and determined 200 pathogenic variants in 38 genes as the cause of RP in 356 patients (29.6%). Variants in six genes (EYS, USH2A, RP1L1, RHO, RP1 and RPGR) caused RP in 65.4% (233/356) of those patients. Among autosomal recessive genes, two known founder variants in EYS [p.(Ser1653fs) and p.(Tyr2935*)] and four East Asian-specific variants [p.(Gly2752Arg) in USH2A, p.(Arg658*) in RP1L1, p.(Gly2186Glu) in EYS and p.(Ile535Asn) in PDE6B] and p.(Cys934Trp) in USH2A were found in ≥10 patients. Among autosomal dominant genes, four pathogenic variants [p.(Pro347Leu) in RHO, p.(Arg872fs) in RP1, p.(Arg41Trp) in CRX and p.(Gly381fs) in PRPF31] were found in ≥4 patients, while these variants were unreported or extremely rare in both East Asian and non-East Asian population-based databases. CONCLUSIONS: East Asian-specific variants in causative genes were the major causes of RP in the Japanese population.

13.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 257(7): 1411-1418, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119425

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the real-world 5-year treatment outcomes of ranibizumab therapy in Japanese patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational, and open-label effectiveness study that included 295 eyes. The participants were patients with treatment-naïve neovascular AMD who received intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) monthly injection at least three times as the loading phase, followed by further injections as needed (pro re nata (PRN)) and follow-up assessments for 5 years. Outcomes were determined at least 5 years after the first ranibizumab injection. RESULTS: Mean logMAR best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at baseline was 0.52. The mean BCVA significantly improved after three loading injections; however, it declined gradually. The BCVA at 1 year was significantly better than the baseline BCVA, whereas the 3-year, 4-year, and 5-year BCVA values were significantly lower than the baseline values. The average central foveal thickness improved significantly from 366 ± 125 µm to 268 ± 134 µm (p < 0.0001). Macular atrophy was significantly more likely to occur in cases with classic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) than in cases with other AMD (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: IVR is well tolerated in eyes with AMD. However, a PRN regimen for AMD may have limited real-world effectiveness for long-term maintenance of improved visual acuity. Macular atrophy may occur more frequently in classic CNV. To maintain good vision, IVR treatment should be started earlier and performed continuously.


Assuntos
Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Macula Lutea/patologia , Ranibizumab/administração & dosagem , Acuidade Visual , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inibidores da Angiogênese/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Injeções Intravítreas , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa/diagnóstico , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa/epidemiologia
14.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 257(6): 1169-1181, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937533

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the characteristics of the parafoveal cone density changes in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AO-SLO). METHODS: A total of 14 eyes of RP patients and 10 eyes of control subjects were examined. High-resolution images of cone photoreceptor cells were obtained with a Canon AO-SLO system in the four retinal regions of the superior, inferior, temporal, and nasal areas located 1.0 mm from the central fovea. The relationships of cone density with optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings and the visual sensitivity of the static perimetry tests were analyzed in RP patients. RESULTS: The averaged cone densities in RP patients were decreased at 1.0 mm eccentricity from the fovea (11,899 cells/mm2) compared with those in control subjects (16,647 cells/mm2; P < 0.01). The cone density was substantially decreased even in RP patients with an intact interdigitation zone at the examined area (12,865 cells/mm2; P < 0.01 vs. controls) and preserved visual sensitivity with > 35 dB (13,019 cells/mm2; P < 0.001 vs. controls). CONCLUSIONS: In RP, cone photoreceptor cell loss occurred in the parafoveal region with a preserved EZ/IZ or visual sensitivity. AO-SLO may be a useful modality to detect early changes of cone photoreceptor cells in RP patients.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Precoce , Fóvea Central/patologia , Oftalmoscopia/métodos , Óptica e Fotônica/instrumentação , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones/patologia , Retinite Pigmentosa/diagnóstico , Adulto , Contagem de Células , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual , Adulto Jovem
15.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 205: 140-146, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959002

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between glucose tolerance levels and the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (cpRNFLT) in a general Japanese population. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. METHODS: In 2012 and 2013, a total of 2809 Japanese community dwellers aged 40-79 years in the Hisayama Study underwent eye examinations including cpRNFLT measurement with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Of these, 1324 subjects (578 men and 746 women) were enrolled. Glucose tolerance levels were determined by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. We conducted an analysis of covariance to estimate the mean values of cpRNFLT according to the subjects' glucose intolerance status. RESULTS: The subjects with prediabetes or with diabetes mellitus had significantly lower age- and sex-adjusted mean cpRNFLT values than those with normal glucose tolerance (P = .04 and P = .0004, respectively). The age- and sex-adjusted mean values of cpRNFLT decreased significantly with elevating fasting plasma glucose and 2-hour postload glucose levels (all P for trend < .05). These associations were substantially unchanged after adjustment for potential confounding factors. The coexistence of poorer glucose tolerance and higher intraocular pressure levels was additively associated with thinner cpRNFLT. CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses revealed that poorer glucose tolerance was significantly associated with the reduction of cpRNFLT in a Japanese general population, suggesting that the loss of neural tissue in the eye begins at the prediabetic stage, and that hyperglycemia may play a role in the reduction of cpRNFLT.

16.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 257(5): 1029-1036, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868235

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the factors that may affect the accuracy of vitrectomy cell block technique in detecting atypical lymphoid cells in patients with vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 43 eyes in 39 patients who underwent vitrectomy for definitive histological diagnosis of VRL with vitrectomy cell block technique and/or smear preparation at Kyushu University Hospital from January 2001 to March 2016. The association of detection of atypical lymphoid cells using vitrectomy cell block technique with the following factors was assessed using logistic regression analysis: age at diagnosis, sex, presence or absence of concurrent cataract surgery with vitrectomy, clinical grading of vitreous haze, presence or absence of subretinal tumor infiltration, interval between initial symptoms and vitrectomy, and presence or absence of systemic corticosteroid therapy before vitrectomy. RESULTS: Atypical lymphoid cells were more significantly detected using vitrectomy cell block technique compared to that using smear preparation (p = 0.018). After adjusting for age and sex, concurrent cataract surgery (odds ratio [OR], 10.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.42-76.41) and subretinal tumor infiltration (OR, 5.06; 95% CI, 1.06-24.32) were significantly associated with failure of histological analysis with vitrectomy cell blocks. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, similar results were obtained, although subretinal tumor infiltration was only marginally associated with the detective capability of the technique. CONCLUSION: Vitrectomy cell block technique significantly improved the definitive diagnosis of VRL. Concurrent cataract surgery with vitrectomy and subretinal tumor infiltration were risk factors for failure in vitrectomy cell blocks.


Assuntos
Linfoma Intraocular/cirurgia , Linfoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Retina/cirurgia , Vitrectomia/efeitos adversos , Corpo Vítreo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Intraocular/diagnóstico , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Retina/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Falha de Tratamento , Corpo Vítreo/patologia
17.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(4): 1192-1203, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913292

RESUMO

Purpose: To describe the clinical and genetic spectrum of RP1-associated retinal dystrophies. Methods: In this multicenter case series, we included 22 patients with RP1-associated retinal dystrophies from 19 families from The Netherlands and Japan. Data on clinical characteristics, visual acuity, visual field, ERG, and retinal imaging were extracted from medical records over a mean follow-up of 8.1 years. Results: Eleven patients were diagnosed with autosomal recessive macular dystrophy (arMD) or autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy (arCRD), five with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP), and six with autosomal dominant RP (adRP). The mean age of onset was 40.3 years (range 14-56) in the patients with arMD/arCRD, 26.2 years (range 18-40) in adRP, and 8.8 years (range 5-12) in arRP patients. All patients with arMD/arCRD carried either the hypomorphic p.Arg1933* variant positioned close to the C-terminus (8 of 11 patients) or a missense variant in exon 2 (3 of 11 patients), compound heterozygous with a likely deleterious frameshift or nonsense mutation, or the p.Gln1916* variant. In contrast, all mutations identified in adRP and arRP patients were frameshift and/or nonsense variants located far from the C-terminus. Conclusions: Mutations in the RP1 gene are associated with a broad spectrum of progressive retinal dystrophies. In addition to adRP and arRP, our study provides further evidence that arCRD and arMD are RP1-associated phenotypes as well. The macular involvement in patients with the hypomorphic RP1 variant suggests that macular function may remain compromised if expression levels of RP1 do not reach adequate levels after gene augmentation therapy.


Assuntos
Códon sem Sentido , Distrofias de Cones e Bastonetes/genética , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Degeneração Macular/genética , Retinite Pigmentosa/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Distrofias de Cones e Bastonetes/diagnóstico , Distrofias de Cones e Bastonetes/fisiopatologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Eletrorretinografia , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico , Degeneração Macular/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Retinite Pigmentosa/diagnóstico , Retinite Pigmentosa/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Campos Visuais/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0212284, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30753247

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Accurate scleral marking of retinal breaks is essential for successful scleral buckling. This study aimed to investigate the use of wide-field fundus images obtained with an Optos for preoperative estimation of the distance from the limbus to the retinal breaks. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a retrospective review of 29 eyes from 26 patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment who received scleral buckling with anatomically successful repair. They underwent wide-field fundus photography with Optos California. In the pre- and postoperative fundus images, we measured distances from the macula to the retinal tears (TM), to the center of the vortex veins (VM), to the optic disc (DM), and to the posterior edge of the scleral buckle (BM). RESULTS: (BM-VM) / DM was significantly correlated with the distance from the limbus to the posterior edge of the scleral buckle that had been determined intraoperatively. (r = 0.705; p<0.001) We applied a regression line derived from this correlation with the value of (TM -VM) / DM in order to calculate estimated distances between retinal breaks and the limbus. The calculated distances were all within the range of distances from the limbus to the anterior and posterior edges of the scleral buckles. CONCLUSION: Preoperative analysis of Optos images may be useful for estimating the distance from the limbus to retinal breaks, which might aid scleral marking during scleral buckling surgery.

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