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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171719
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to address a knowledge gap by examining the incidence, timing, and predictors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in Medicare beneficiaries. BACKGROUND: Evidence about incidence and outcomes of ACS after TAVR is scarce. METHODS: We identified Medicare patients who underwent TAVR from 2012 to 2017 and were admitted with ACS during follow-up. We compared outcomes based on the type of ACS: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina. In patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS, we compared outcomes based on the treatment strategy (invasive vs. conservative) using inverse probability weighting analysis. RESULTS: Out of 142,845 patients with TAVR, 6,741 patients (4.7%) were admitted with ACS after a median time of 297 days (interquartile range: 85 to 662 days), with 48% of admissions occurring within 6 months. The most common presentation was NSTEMI. Predictors of ACS were history of coronary artery disease, prior revascularization, diabetes, valve-in-TAVR, and acute kidney injury. STEMI was associated with higher 30-day and 1-year mortality compared with NSTEMI (31.4% vs. 15.5% and 51.2% vs. 41.3%, respectively; p < 0.01). Overall, 30.3% of patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS were treated with invasive approach. On inverse probability weighting analysis, invasive approach was associated with lower adjusted long-term mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.69; 95% confidence interval: 0.66 to 0.73; p < 0.01) and higher risk of repeat revascularization (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.29; 95% confidence interval: 1.16 to 1.43; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: After TAVR, ACS is infrequent (<5%), and the most common presentation is NSTEMI. Occurrence of STEMI after TAVR is associated with a high mortality with nearly one-third of patients dying within 30 days. Optimization of care is needed for post-TAVR ACS patients and if feasible, invasive approach should be considered in these high-risk patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to quantify and compare changes in quality of life measures after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with low-flow (LF) and normal-flow (NF) aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: We included 297 patients treated with TAVR at Abbott Northwestern Hospital from January 2015 to October 2017. Health status was assessed at baseline and 30 days post-procedure using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire 12 (KCCQ-12). Overall (KCCQ-OS) and domain-specific (physical limitation, symptom frequency, quality of life, and social limitation) scores were compared in three subsets of patients as defined by stroke volume index (≤ or >35 ml/m2 ), ejection fraction (EF) (≤ or >40%), and mean gradient (≤ or >40 mmHg). RESULTS: Of the 297 patients included, 129 (43%) had NF high-gradient (NF AS group) and 168 (56%) had LF severe AS, including 25 (8%) with low EF (8%) ("Classical" low-flow low-gradient LEF [LF-LG-LEF] group) and 143 (48%) with preserved EF ("Paradoxical" LF-LG group). At baseline, patients with LF-LG-LEF AS had more severe impairment in symptoms frequency (p = .06) but similar KCCQ-OS. At 1-month after TAVR, all groups had moderate improvements in quality of life (Delta KCCQ-OS: "Classical" LF-LG-LEF 18 ± 21, paradoxical AS 14 ± 18, and NF AS 15 ± 16, p = .57). During a median follow-up time of 2.4 years, there was no difference in mortality (p = .34) but patients with paradoxical LF-LG AS had a higher risk of rehospitalization for heart failure (p = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with LF severe AS derive significant improvements in quality of life measures after TAVR, indistinguishable from patients with NF AS.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the outcomes of vascular brachytherapy (VBT) for recurrent drug-eluting stents (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR). BACKGROUND: Recurrent DES-ISR can be challenging to treat. VBT has been used with encouraging results. METHODS: We report the long-term outcomes of patients with recurrent DES-ISR treated with VBT between January 2014 and September 2018 at a tertiary care institution. The main outcome was target lesion failure (TLF), defined as the composite of clinically driven target lesion revascularization (TLR), target lesion myocardial infarction (MI), and target lesion-related cardiac death. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to identify variables associated with recurrent TLF. RESULTS: During the study period, 116 patients (143 lesions) underwent VBT. Median follow-up was 24.7 (14.5-35.4) months. The incidence of TLR, target-lesion MI, and TLF was 18.9%, 5.6%,and 20.1% at 1 year, and 29.4%, 10.5%, and 32.9% at 2 years.Initial presentation with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was independently associated with TLF (hazard ratio = 1.975, 95% CI [1.120, 3.485], p = .019). Lesions treated with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance had a lower incidence of TLR (14.3% vs. 39.6%, log-rank p = .038), and a trend toward lower incidence of TLF (19% vs. 42.6%, log-rank p = .086). CONCLUSIONS: VBT can improve the treatment of recurrent DES-ISR, but TLF occurs in approximately one in three patients at 2 years. Initial presentation with ACS was associated with higher TLF and the use of IVUS with a trend for lower incidence of TLF.

7.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 62(6): 459-462, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801699

RESUMO

The rapid development of transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention (TTVI) therapies has quickly provided the opportunity to improve patient selection and procedural planning for patients with significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) considered at high surgical risk. This review focuses on the contributions which both computed tomography angiography and cardiac magnetic resonance can provide in the better understanding of the natural history of TR, in the comprehensive anatomical and functional assessment of right heart involvement and in the timing and planning for TTVI. We also discuss areas of potential importance such as the quantification of response to TTVI, which will be informative for future trials.

8.
Am Heart J ; 218: 128-132, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806088

RESUMO

New-onset left bundle branch block (N-LBBB) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a challenging clinical dilemma. In our single-center study, 60 out of 172 patients who underwent permanent pacemaker implantation (PPM) after TAVR had N-LBBB (34.9%). At a median follow-up duration of 357 days (IQR, 178; 560 days), two patients (3.5%) were completely pacemaker-dependent, and four others (7%) were partially dependent. Twelve patients (24%) recovered conduction in their left bundle at a median follow-up duration of 5 weeks (IQR, 4; 14 weeks). Due to the lack of clinical predictors of pacemaker dependency, active surveillance is warranted and may be an alternative to permanent pacemaker implantation.

10.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 62(6): 445-446, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794726
11.
Lancet ; 394(10213): 2002-2011, 2019 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tricuspid regurgitation is a prevalent disease associated with high morbidity and mortality, with few treatment options. The aim of the TRILUMINATE trial is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of TriClip, a minimally invasive transcatheter tricuspid valve repair system, for reducing tricuspid regurgitation. METHODS: The TRILUMINATE trial is a prospective, multicentre, single-arm study in 21 sites in Europe and the USA. Patients with moderate or greater triscuspid regurgitation, New York Heart Association class II or higher, and who were adequately treated per applicable standards were eligible for enrolment. Patients were excluded if they had systolic pulmonary artery pressure of more than 60 mm Hg, a previous tricuspid valve procedure, or a cardiovascular implantable electronic device that would inhibit TriClip placement. Participants were treated using a clip-based edge-to-edge repair technique with the TriClip tricuspid valve repair system. Tricuspid regurgitation was graded using a five-class grading scheme (mild, moderate, severe, massive, and torrential) that expanded on the standard American Society of Echocardiography grading scheme. The primary efficacy endpoint was a reduction in tricuspid regurgitation severity by at least one grade at 30 days post procedure, with a performance goal of 35%, analysed in all patients who had an attempted tricuspid valve repair procedure upon femoral vein puncture. The primary safety endpoint was a composite of major adverse events at 6 months, with a performance goal of 39%. Patients were excluded from the primary safety analysis if they did not reach 6-month follow-up and did not have a major adverse event during previous follow-ups. The trial has completed enrolment and follow-up is ongoing; it is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT03227757. FINDINGS: Between Aug 1, 2017, and Nov 29, 2018, 85 patients (mean age 77·8 years [SD 7·9]; 56 [66%] women) were enrolled and underwent successful TriClip implantation. Tricuspid regurgitation severity was reduced by at least one grade at 30 days in 71 (86%) of 83 patients who had available echocardiogram data and imaging. The one-sided lower 97·5% confidence limit was 76%, which was greater than the prespecified performance goal of 35% (p<0·0001). One patient withdrew before 6-month follow-up without having had a major adverse event and was excluded from analysis of the primary safety endpoint. At 6 months, three (4%) of 84 patients experienced a major adverse event, which was less than the prespecified performance goal of 39% (p<0·0001). Single leaflet attachment occurred in five (7%) of 72 patients. No periprocedural deaths, conversions to surgery, device embolisations, myocardial infarctions, or strokes occurred. At 6 months, all-cause mortality had occurred in four (5%) of 84 patients. INTERPRETATION: The TriClip system appears to be safe and effective at reducing tricuspid regurgitation by at least one grade. This reduction could translate to significant clinical improvement at 6 months post procedure. FUNDING: Abbott.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(21): e013685, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668118

RESUMO

Background Contemporary outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in nonagenarians are unknown. Methods and Results We identified 13 544 nonagenarians (aged 90-100 years) who underwent TAVR between 2012 and 2016 using Medicare claims. Generalized estimating equations were used to study the change in short-term outcomes among nonagenarians over time. We compared outcomes between nonagenarians and non-nonagenarians undergoing TAVR in 2016. A mixed-effect multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine predictors of 30-day mortality in nonagenarians in 2016. A center was defined as a high-volume center if it performed ≥100 TAVR procedures per year. After adjusting for changes in patients' characteristics, risk-adjusted 30-day mortality declined in nonagenarians from 9.8% in 2012 to 4.4% in 2016 (P<0.001), whereas mortality for patients <90 years decreased from 6.4% to 3.5%. In 2016, 35 712 TAVR procedures were performed, of which 12.7% were in nonagenarians. Overall, in-hospital mortality in 2016 was higher in nonagenarians compared with younger patients (2.4% versus 1.7%, P<0.05) but did not differ in analysis limited to high-volume centers (2.2% versus 1.7%; odds ratio: 1.33; 95% CI, 0.97-1.81; P=0.07). Important predictors of 30-day mortality in nonagenarians included in-hospital stroke (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 8.67; 95% CI, 5.03-15.00), acute kidney injury (aOR: 4.11; 95% CI, 2.90-5.83), blood transfusion (aOR: 2.66; 95% CI, 1.81-3.90), respiratory complications (aOR: 2.96; 95% CI, 1.52-5.76), heart failure (aOR: 1.86; 95% CI, 1.04-3.34), coagulopathy (aOR: 1.59; 95% CI, 1.12-2.26; P<0.05 for all). Conclusions Short-term outcomes after TAVR have improved in nonagenarians. Several procedural complications were associated with increased 30-day mortality among nonagenarians.

13.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(23): 2416-2426, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the real-world impact of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) on hospitalizations and Medicare costs pre- versus post-TMVR. BACKGROUND: TMVR is effective in degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) and appropriately selected patients with functional MR with high surgical risk. METHODS: Patients undergoing TMVR in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) Registry from 2013 to 2018 were linked to Medicare claims data. Rates of hospitalizations, hospitalized days, and Medicare costs were compared 1-year pre-TMVR to 1-year post-TMVR. RESULTS: Across 246 sites, 4,970 patients with a median age of 83 years (interquartile range: 77 to 87 years) were analyzed. The TMVR indication was degenerative MR in 77.5% and functional MR in 16.7%. From pre- to post-TMVR, heart failure (HF) hospitalization rates (479 vs. 370 hospitalizations/1,000 person-years; rate ratio [RR]: 0.77) and cardiovascular hospitalizations (838 vs. 632; RR: 0.75) decreased significantly (p < 0.001 for all). Similarly, the rates of hospitalized days decreased for HF and cardiovascular causes (p < 0.05 for all). Following TMVR, the odds of having no Medicare costs for HF hospitalizations increased (69% vs. 79%; odds ratio: 1.67; p < 0.001). However, the average total Medicare costs per day alive among patients with any HF hospitalizations after TMVR increased significantly (p < 0.001). The HF hospitalization rates decreased for patients with functional MR (683 vs. 502; RR: 0.74) and those with degenerative MR (431 vs. 337; RR: 0.78) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: TMVR is associated with a decrease in cardiovascular and HF hospitalizations and a greater likelihood of having no HF Medicare costs in the year after TMVR, regardless of MR etiology. Further work is necessary to elucidate the reasons for increased costs among patients with HF hospitalizations post-TMVR.

14.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 62(6): 488-492, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655080

RESUMO

Transcatheter therapy with the MitraClip system (Abbott Structural, Menlo Park, CA) is the most commonly used transcatheter therapy for patients with tricuspid regurgitation, with over 1000 cases performed worldwide. The procedure is an off-label approach that requires meticulous attention to anatomical features obtained via comprehensive echocardiography and, in some cases, using cardiac computed tomography. Herein, we describe patient selection, procedural performance, and clinical outcomes of this therapy.

15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(24): 2955-2965, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) for the treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR) is a complex procedure that requires development of a unique skillset. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between operator experience and procedural results of TMVr. METHODS: TMVr device procedures from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy registry were analyzed with operator case number as a continuous and categorical (1 to 25, 26 to 50, and >50) variable. Outcomes of procedural success, procedural time, and in-hospital procedural complications were examined. The learning curve for the procedure was evaluated using generalized linear mixed models adjusting for baseline clinical variables. RESULTS: All TMVr device procedures (n = 14,923) performed by 562 operators at 290 sites between November 2013 and March 2018 were analyzed. Optimal procedural success (≤1+ residual MR without death or cardiac surgery) increased across categories of operator experience (63.9%, 68.4%, and 75.1%; p < 0.001), while procedural time and procedural complications decreased. Acceptable procedural success (≤2+ residual MR without death or cardiac surgery) also increased with operator experience, but the differences were smaller (91.4%, 92.4%, and 93.8%; p < 0.001). These associations remained significant in adjusted, continuous variable analyses. Visual inflection points in the learning curves for procedural time, procedural success, and procedural complications were evident after approximately 50 cases, with continued improvements observed out to 200 cases. CONCLUSIONS: For TMVr device procedures, operator experience was associated with improvements in procedural success, procedure time, and procedural complications. The effect of operator experience was greater when considering the goal of achieving 1+ residual MR.

16.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(9): 253-259, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) often requires administration of large contrast volume. The DyeVert system (Osprey Medical) is a disposable, Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved device that interfaces with standard manifold systems to reduce the amount of contrast used in cardiac catheterization. METHODS: We compared the procedural outcomes of patients in whom the DyeVert system was used vs those in whom it was not used during CTO-PCI at a single center between 2017 and 2018. RESULTS: The DyeVert system was used in 39 of 134 CTO-PCIs performed in 130 patients (30%). Most patients (79%) were men and the mean age was 66.6 ± 10.9 years. The most common target vessel was the right coronary artery (54.5%), followed by the left anterior descending artery (26.1%), and circumflex artery (15.7%). The median contrast volume used in DyeVert patients was significantly lower (200 mL [interquartile range, 153-256 mL] vs 250 mL [interquartile range, 170-303 mL]; P=.04). There were no in-hospital major complications with the DyeVert system, nor device-related procedural complications. One patient in the DyeVert group had contrast-induced nephropathy following CTO-PCI that did not require dialysis. CONCLUSION: Use of the DyeVert system is feasible during CTO-PCI and may reduce the contrast volume administered to the patient. Additional larger studies with a primary clinical endpoint are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(11): 1431-1440, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR) in the setting of severe mitral annular calcification (MAC) is challenging due to the high risk for fatal atrioventricular groove disruption and significant paravalvular leak. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential for transcatheter mitral valve replacement in patients with severe MAC using an anatomically designed mitral prosthesis. METHODS: Nine patients (77 ± 6 years of age; 5 men) were treated with the valve, using transapical delivery performed under general anesthesia and with guidance from transesophageal echocardiography and fluoroscopy. RESULTS: Device implantation was successful with relief of MR in all 9 patients. There were no procedural deaths. In 1 patient, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction occurred due to malrotation of the prosthesis, and successful alcohol septal ablation was performed. During a median follow-up of 12 months (range 1 to 28 months), there was 1 cardiac death, 1 noncardiac death, no other mortality, and no prosthetic dysfunction, and MR remained absent in all treated patients. Rehospitalization for heart failure occurred in 2 patients who did not die subsequently. Clinical improvement with mild or no symptoms occurred in all patients alive at the end of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement in severe mitral annular calcification with a dedicated prosthesis is feasible and can result in MR relief with symptom improvement. Further evaluation of this approach for these high-risk patients is warranted.

18.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(7): 1091-1098, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362879

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation with a bioprosthetic valve of insufficient size is associated with a higher risk of aortic regurgitation (AR). The 31-mm CoreValve and the next generation 34-mm Evolut R bioprostheses were designed to address the need for larger diameter aortic annuli. This analysis examined the clinical and hemodynamic outcomes following commercial transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the 31-mm CoreValve and 34-mm Evolut R in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/the American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry. Patients receiving a 31-mm CoreValve or 34-mm Evolut R valve for symptomatic severe native aortic stenosis from January 2014 to September 2017 in the Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry underwent propensity score matching using baseline demographics, clinical and frailty measures, and procedural variables. Procedural characteristics, in-hospital and 30-day clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were compared. Of 4545 patients implanted with a 31-mm CoreValve and 3036 patients with a 34-mm Evolut R valve, matching resulted in 1813 patient sets. Most patients were male (>92%), elderly (∼80 years) with the Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of 6.6%. Use of the 34-mm versus 31-mm valve resulted in shorter median procedural time (113.0 [85.0, 150.0] vs 93.0 [71.0, 126.0] min, p <0.001), higher device success (98.1% vs 93.9%, p <0.001), fewer pacemakers (16.7% vs 24.6%, p <0.001), less ≥moderate AR with the 34-mm (5.5% vs 13.7%), p <0.001) and shorter hospital stay (3.0 [2.0, 4.0] vs 4.0 [3.0, 6.0] days, p <0.001). In conclusion, this largest experience with the 34-mm Evolut R valve showed higher device success, reduced hospital stay, lower pacemaker rates and less ≥moderate AR compared with the 31-mm CoreValve bioprosthesis.

19.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(7): E177-E183, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) are associated with increased risk of stroke and mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Many episodes of new-onset AF/AFL (NOAF) occur after hospital discharge and may not be clinically apparent. Pacemakers can detect subclinical episodes of rapid atrial rate, which correlate with electrocardiographically documented AF. METHODS: From 2012 to 2017, patients who underwent pacemaker implantation after TAVR were reviewed, and pacemaker data from device checks were analyzed for detection of NOAF. Patients with prior AF/AFL were excluded. Secondary outcomes were mortality and ischemic stroke. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients underwent TAVR and pacemaker implantation, and 95 were without pre-existent AF/AFL. Over a median follow-up of 15 months, a total of 24 patients had NOAF (25%), of which 10 patients (10.5%) had manifest NOAF detected on electrocardiography, and 14 patients (14.7%) had subclinical NOAF first identified on device interrogation. The cumulative incidence of mortality was 16.7% for NOAF and 15.5% for normal sinus rhythm (P=.83). The cumulative incidence of stroke was 12.5% for NOAF and 1.4% for normal sinus rhythm (P=.04). Subclinical NOAF patients were less likely to be started on anticoagulation compared with manifest NOAF patients (70% vs 15.3%, respectively; P=.02). CONCLUSION: Subclinical NOAF is common after TAVR, usually occurs months after hospital discharge, and is associated with lack of anticoagulation therapy and increased risk of stroke. Prolonged surveillance of subclinical NOAF may be warranted after TAVR.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Marca-Passo Artificial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Flutter Atrial/complicações , Flutter Atrial/terapia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(14): 1342-1352, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relation between institutional experience and procedural results of transcatheter mitral valve repair. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral valve repair for the treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR) is a complex procedure requiring navigation of the left atrium, left ventricle, and mitral valve apparatus using echocardiographic guidance. METHODS: MitraClip procedures from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) Registry were stratified into tertiles on the basis of site-specific case sequence (1 to 18, 19 to 51, and 52 to 482). In-hospital outcomes of procedural success, procedural time, and procedural complications were examined. To evaluate the learning curve for the procedure, generalized linear mixed models were developed using case sequence number as a continuous variable. RESULTS: MitraClip procedures (n = 12,334) performed at 275 sites between November 2013 and September 2017 were analyzed. Optimal procedural success (≤1+ residual MR without mortality or need for cardiac surgery) increased across tertiles of case experience (62.0%, 65.5%, and 72.5%; p < 0.001), whereas procedural time and procedural complications decreased. Acceptable procedural success (≤2+ residual MR without death or need for cardiac surgery) also increased across tertiles of case experience, but the differences were smaller (91.2%, 91.2%; and 92.9%; p = 0.006). In the learning-curve analysis, visual inflection points for procedural time, procedural success, and procedural complications were evident after about 50 cases, with continued improvements observed up to 200 cases. CONCLUSIONS: For transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip, increasing institutional experience was associated with improvements in procedural success, procedure time, and procedural complications. The impact of institutional experience was larger when considering the goal of achieving optimal MR reduction.

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