Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 39
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603134

RESUMO

The tendency of bilayered graphene edges to connect with each other allows to create hollow sp2-hybridized material with specific electronic properties. However, unknown geometry of the formed edges hinders the further investigation. Here we show that closed bigraphene edge can be represented as connection of generally misoriented graphene domains with topological defects and further described by grain boundary theory. Energy dependence of closed edges of commensurate twisted bilayered graphene is derived for any twist angle and edge orientation. Our findings allow to predict what particular edge types appear in the bilayered graphene holes and explain the structure of the connected bilayered graphene edges which are often observed in the experiment.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573623

RESUMO

One dimensional Ta2(Pd/Pt)3(S/Se)8 nanoribbons (TPS-NR) are considered as a promising material in nanoelectronics due to their intrinsic semiconducting electronic properties. In this article, we study the stability of TPS-NR by considering their oxidation process. Our calculations showed that the Ta2(Pd/Pt)3Se8 nanoribbons are more environmentally stable than Ta2(Pd/Pt)3S8-NR. We studied the thermodynamics of the formation of monovacancies and their impact on the electronic properties of TPS-NR. Additionally, the sensing properties of environmentally stable Ta2Pd3Se8 nanoribbons were investigated. The observed changes of the electronic structure and transport properties after the adsorption of CO, NH3 and NO2 molecules reveal the mechanisms of possible application of Ta2Pd3Se8 nanoribbons as a gas sensor. The electronic transport properties of the nanoribbons exhibit a notable response to the presence of gas molecules.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(2): 504-509, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892279

RESUMO

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) possess extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Thin films of randomly oriented SWCNTs have great potential in many opto-electro-mechanical applications. However, good adhesion of SWCNT films with a substrate material is pivotal for their practical use. Here, for the first time, we systematically investigate the adhesion properties of SWCNT thin films with commonly used substrates such as glass (SiO2), indium tin oxide (ITO), crystalline silicon (C-Si), amorphous silicon (a-Si:H), zirconium oxide (ZrO2), platinum (Pt), polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and SWCNTs for self-adhesion using atomic force microscopy. By comparing the results obtained in air and inert Ar atmospheres, we observed that the surface state of the materials greatly contributes to their adhesion properties. We found that the SWCNT thin films have stronger adhesion in an inert atmosphere. The adhesion in the air can be greatly improved by a fluorination process. Experimental and theoretical analyses suggest that adhesion depends on the atmospheric conditions and surface functionalization.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 31(12): 125705, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770728

RESUMO

Two-dimensional materials such as hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and graphene have attracted wide attention in nanoelectronics and spintronics. Since their electronic characteristics are strongly affected by the local atomic structure, the heteroatom doping could allow us to tailor the electronic and physical properties of two-dimensional materials. In this study, a non-chemical method of heteroatom doping into h-BN under high-energy ion irradiation was demonstrated for the LiF/h-BN/Cu heterostructure. Spectroscopic analysis of chemical states on the relevant atoms revealed that 6% ± 2% fluorinated h-BN is obtained by the irradiation of 2.4 MeV Cu2+ ions with the fluence up to 1014 ions cm-2. It was shown that the high-energy ion irradiation leads to a single-sided fluorination of h-BN by the formation of the fluorinated sp 3-hybridized BN.

5.
Adv Mater ; 32(6): e1905734, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793057

RESUMO

Graphene-based vertical spin valves (SVs) are expected to offer a large magnetoresistance effect without impairing the electrical conductivity, which can pave the way for the next generation of high-speed and low-power-consumption storage and memory technologies. However, the graphene-based vertical SV has failed to prove its competence due to the lack of a graphene/ferromagnet heterostructure, which can provide highly efficient spin transport. Herein, the synthesis and spin-dependent electronic properties of a novel heterostructure consisting of single-layer graphene (SLG) and a half-metallic Co2 Fe(Ge0.5 Ga0.5 ) (CFGG) Heusler alloy ferromagnet are reported. The growth of high-quality SLG with complete coverage by ultrahigh-vacuum chemical vapor deposition on a magnetron-sputtered single-crystalline CFGG thin film is demonstrated. The quasi-free-standing nature of SLG and robust magnetism of CFGG at the SLG/CFGG interface are revealed through depth-resolved X-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation results indicate that the inherent electronic properties of SLG and CFGG such as the linear Dirac band and half-metallic band structure are preserved in the vicinity of the interface. These exciting findings suggest that the SLG/CFGG heterostructure possesses distinctive advantages over other reported graphene/ferromagnet heterostructures, for realizing effective transport of highly spin-polarized electrons in graphene-based vertical SV and other advanced spintronic devices.

6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(12)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766559

RESUMO

A new low-pressure plasma-based approach to activate the surface of BN nanoparticles (BNNPs) in order to facilitate the attachment of folate acid (FA) molecules for cancer-specific therapy is described. Plasma treatment of BNNPs (BNNPsPT) was performed in a radiofrequency plasma reactor using ethylene and carbon dioxide monomers. The carboxyl groups deposited on the surface of BNNPsPT were activated by N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) and participated in the condensation reaction with ethylene diamine (EDA) to form a thin amino-containing layer (EDA-BNNPPT). Then, the DCC-activated FA was covalently bonded with BNNPsPT by a chemical reaction between amino groups of EDA-BNNPsPT and carboxyl groups of FA. Density functional theory calculations showed that the pre-activation of FA by DCC is required for grafting of the FA to the EDA-BNNPsPT. It was also demonstrated that after FA immobilization, the electronic characteristics of the pteridine ring remain unchanged, indicating that the targeting properties of the FA/EDA-BNNPsPT nanohybrids are preserved.

7.
ACS Energy Lett ; 4(8): 1947-1953, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763462

RESUMO

Among the main appeals of single-atom catalysts are the ultimate efficiency of material utilization and the well-defined nature of the active sites, holding the promise of rational catalyst design. A major challenge is the stable decoration of various substrates with a high density of individually dispersed and uniformly active monatomic sites. Transition metal chalcogenides (TMCs) are broadly investigated catalysts, limited by the relative inertness of their pristine basal plane. We propose that TMC single layers modified by substitutional heteroatoms can harvest the synergistic benefits of stably anchored single-atom catalysts and activated TMC basal planes. These solid-solution TMC catalysts offer advantages such as simple and versatile synthesis, unmatched active site density, and a stable and well-defined single-atom active site chemical environment. The unique features of heteroatom-doped two-dimensional TMC crystals at the origin of their catalytic activity are discussed through the examples of various TMC single layers doped with individual oxygen heteroatoms.

8.
Nano Lett ; 19(3): 2084-2091, 2019 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786716

RESUMO

Aluminum nitride (AlN) has a unique combination of properties, such as high chemical and thermal stability, nontoxicity, high melting point, large energy band gap, high thermal conductivity, and intensive light emission. This combination makes AlN nanowires (NWs) a prospective material for optoelectronic and field-emission nanodevices. However, there has been very limited information on mechanical properties of AlN NWs that is essential for their reliable utilization in modern technologies. Herein, we thoroughly study mechanical properties of individual AlN NWs using direct,  in situ bending and tensile tests inside a high-resolution TEM. Overall, 22 individual NWs have been tested, and a strong dependence of their Young's moduli and ultimate tensile strengths (UTS) on their growth axis crystallographic orientation is documented. The Young's modulus of NWs grown along the [101̅1] orientation is found to be in a range 160-260 GPa, whereas for those grown along the [0002] orientation it falls within a range 350-440 GPa. In situ TEM tensile tests demonstrate the UTS values up to 8.2 GPa for the [0002]-oriented NWs, which is more than 20 times larger than that of a bulk AlN compound. Such properties make AlN nanowires a highly promising material for the reinforcing applications in metal matrix and other composites. Finally, experimental results were compared and verified under a density functional theory simulation, which shows the pronounced effect of growth axis on the AlN NW mechanical behavior. The modeling reveals that with an increasing NW width the Young's modulus tends to approach the elastic constants of a bulk material.

9.
Nano Lett ; 18(11): 7238-7246, 2018 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346785

RESUMO

Research on electromechanical properties of semiconducting nanowires, including plastic behavior of Si nanowires and superb carrier mobility of Ge and Ge/Si core-shell nanowires, has attracted increasing attention. However, to date, there have been no direct experimental studies on crystallography dynamics and its relation to electrical and mechanical properties of Ge/Si core-shell nanowires. In this Letter, we in parallel investigated the crystallography changes and electrical and mechanical behaviors of Ge/Si core-shell nanowires under their deformation in a transmission electron microscope (TEM). The core-shell Ge/Si nanowires were bent and strained in tension to high limits. The nanowire Young's moduli were measured to be up to ∼191 GPa, and tensile strength was in a range of 3-8 GPa. Using high-resolution imaging, we confirmed that under large bending strains, Si shells had irregularly changed to the polycrystalline/amorphous state, whereas Ge cores kept single crystal status with the local lattice strains on the compressed side. The nanowires revealed cyclically changed electronic properties and had decent mechanical robustness. Electron diffraction patterns obtained from  in situ TEM, paired with theoretical simulations, implied that nonequilibrium phases of polycrystalline/amorphous Si and ß-Sn Ge appearing during the deformations may explain the regarded mechanical robustness and varying conductivities under straining. Finally, atomistic simulations of Ge/Si nanowires showed the pronounced changes in their electronic structure during bending and the appearance of a conductive channel in compressed regions which might also be responsible for the increased conductivity seen in bent nanowires.

10.
Nat Chem ; 10(12): 1246-1251, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30224684

RESUMO

The chemical inertness of the defect-free basal plane confers environmental stability to MoS2 single layers, but it also limits their chemical versatility and catalytic activity. The stability of pristine MoS2 basal plane against oxidation under ambient conditions is a widely accepted assumption however, here we report single-atom-level structural investigations that reveal that oxygen atoms spontaneously incorporate into the basal plane of MoS2 single layers during ambient exposure. The use of scanning tunnelling microscopy reveals a slow oxygen-substitution reaction, during which individual sulfur atoms are replaced one by one by oxygen, giving rise to solid-solution-type 2D MoS2-xOx crystals. Oxygen substitution sites present all over the basal plane act as single-atom reaction centres, substantially increasing the catalytic activity of the entire MoS2 basal plane for the electrochemical H2 evolution reaction.

11.
Nanoscale ; 10(39): 18665-18671, 2018 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30265270

RESUMO

Although carbon nanotubes have already been demonstrated to be a promising material for bolometric photodetectors, enhancing sensitivity while maintaining the speed of operation remains a great challenge. Here, we present a holey carbon nanotube network, designed to improve the temperature coefficient of resistance for highly sensitive ultra-fast broadband bolometers. Treatment of carbon nanotube films with low-frequency oxygen plasma allows fine tuning of the electronic properties of the material. The temperature coefficient of resistance of our films is much greater than the reported values for pristine carbon nanotubes, up to -2.8% K-1 at liquid nitrogen temperature. The bolometer prototypes made from the treated films demonstrate high sensitivity over a wide IR range, a short response time, smooth spectral characteristics and a low noise level.

12.
Ultramicroscopy ; 194: 108-116, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30107290

RESUMO

Physical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are closely related to the atomic structure, i.e. the chirality. It is highly desirable to develop a technique to modify their chirality and control the resultant transport properties. Herein, we present an in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) probing method to monitor the chirality transition and transport properties of individual few-walled CNTs. The changes of tube structure including the chirality are stimulated by programmed bias pulses and associated Joule heating. The chirality change of each shell is analyzed by nanobeam electron diffraction. Supported by molecular dynamics simulations, a preferred chirality transition path is identified, consistent with the Stone-Wales defect formation and dislocation sliding mechanism. The electronic transport properties are measured along with the structural changes, via fabricating transistors using the individual nanotubes as the suspended channels. Metal-to-semiconductor transitions are observed along with the chirality changes as confirmed by both the electron diffraction and electrical measurements. Apart from providing an alternative route to control the chirality of CNTs, the present work demonstrates the rare possibility of obtaining the dynamic structure-properties relationships at the atomic and molecular levels.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Elétrons , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/métodos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Semicondutores
13.
Langmuir ; 34(25): 7334-7345, 2018 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29809011

RESUMO

Metal-semiconductor hybrid nanomaterials are becoming increasingly popular for photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants. Herein, a seed-assisted photodeposition approach is put forward for the site-specific growth of Pt on Au-ZnO particles (Pt-Au-ZnO). A similar approach was also utilized to enlarge the Au nanoparticles at epitaxial Au-ZnO particles (Au@Au-ZnO). An epitaxial connection at the Au-ZnO interface was found to be critical for the site-specific deposition of Pt or Au. Light on-off photocatalysis tests, utilizing a thiazine dye (toluidine blue) as a model organic compound, were conducted and confirmed the superior photodegradation properties of Pt-Au-ZnO hybrids compared to Au-ZnO. In contrast, Au-ZnO type hybrids were more effective toward photoreduction of toluidine blue to leuco-toluidine blue. It was deemed that photoexcited electrons of Au-ZnO (Au, ∼5 nm) possessed high reducing power owing to electron accumulation and negative shift in Fermi level/redox potential; however, exciton recombination due to possible Fermi-level equilibration slowed down the complete degradation of toluidine blue. In the case of Au@Au-ZnO (Au, ∼15 nm), the photodegradation efficiency was enhanced and the photoreduction rate reduced compared to Au-ZnO. Pt-Au-ZnO hybrids showed better photodegradation and mineralization properties compared to both Au-ZnO and Au@Au-ZnO owing to a fast electron discharge (i.e. better electron-hole seperation). However, photoexcited electrons lacked the reducing power for the photoreduction of toluidine blue. The ultimate photodegradation efficiencies of Pt-Au-ZnO, Au@Au-ZnO, and Au-ZnO were 84, 66, and 39%, respectively. In the interest of effective metal-semiconductor type photocatalysts, the present study points out the importance of choosing the right metal, depending on whether a photoreduction and/or photodegradation process is desired.

14.
Nanoscale ; 10(17): 8099-8105, 2018 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29671456

RESUMO

Due to their excellent mechanical properties, nanoparticles have great potential as reinforcing phases in composite materials, friction modifiers in liquid lubricants, catalysts and drug-delivery agents. In the present study, the mechanical analysis of individual spherical hollow BN nanoparticles (BNNPs) using a combination of in situ compression tests inside a high-resolution transmission electron microscope (TEM) and theoretical modelling was conducted. It was found that BNNPs display high mechanical stiffness and a large value of elastic recovery. This enables the hollow BNNPs to exhibit considerably large cyclic deformation (up to 30% of the sphere's original external diameter) and to accumulate plastic deformation of approximately 30% of the total compression strain. Theoretical simulations allowed for elucidation of BNNPs' structural changes under compression at the atomic level and explained the origin of their high stiffness and large critical deformation values.

15.
ACS Nano ; 12(5): 4148-4155, 2018 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29557645

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in alkaline solution is hindered by its sluggish kinetics toward water dissociation. Nickel-based catalysts, as low-cost and effective candidates, show great potentials to replace platinum (Pt)-based materials in the alkaline media. The main challenge regarding this type of catalysts is their relatively poor durability. In this work, we conceive and construct a charge-polarized carbon layer derived from carbon quantum dots (CQDs) on Ni3N nanostructure (Ni3N@CQDs) surfaces, which simultaneously exhibit durable and enhanced catalytic activity. The Ni3N@CQDs shows an overpotential of 69 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 in a 1 M KOH aqueous solution, lower than that of Pt electrode (116 mV) at the same conditions. Density functional theory (DFT) simulations reveal that Ni3N and interfacial oxygen polarize charge distributions between originally equal C-C bonds in CQDs. The partially negatively charged C sites become effective catalytic centers for the key water dissociation step via the formation of new C-H bond (Volmer step) and thus boost the HER activity. Furthermore, the coated carbon is also found to protect interior Ni3N from oxidization/hydroxylation and therefore guarantees its durability. This work provides a practical design of robust and durable HER electrocatalysts based on nonprecious metals.

16.
Nanotechnology ; 29(11): 115603, 2018 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29339574

RESUMO

Phase diagrams of carbon, and those focusing on the graphite-to-diamond transitional conditions in particular, are of great interest for fundamental and applied research. The present study introduces a number of experiments carried out to convert graphite under high-pressure conditions, showing a formation of stable phase of fullerene-type onions cross-linked by sp3-bonds in the 55-115 GPa pressure range instead of diamonds formation (even at temperature 2000-3000 K) and the already formed diamonds turn into carbon onions. Our results refute the widespread idea that diamonds can form at any pressure from 2.2 to 1000 GPa. The phase diagram built within this study allows us not only to explain the existing numerous experimental data on the formation of diamond from graphite, but also to make assumptions about the conditions of its growth in Earth's crust.

17.
Adv Mater ; 29(28)2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28523720

RESUMO

Engineering of the optical, electronic, and magnetic properties of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) nanomaterials via oxygen doping and functionalization has been envisaged in theory. However, it is still unclear as to what extent these properties can be altered using such methodology because of the lack of significant experimental progress and systematic theoretical investigations. Therefore, here, comprehensive theoretical predictions verified by solid experimental confirmations are provided, which unambiguously answer this long-standing question. Narrowing of the optical bandgap in h-BN nanosheets (from ≈5.5 eV down to 2.1 eV) and the appearance of paramagnetism and photoluminescence (of both Stokes and anti-Stokes types) in them after oxygen doping and functionalization are discussed. These results are highly valuable for further advances in semiconducting nanoscale electronics, optoelectronics, and spintronics.

18.
Nanoscale ; 9(11): 3980-3985, 2017 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28266667

RESUMO

The successful isolation and remarkable properties of graphene have recently triggered investigation of two-dimensional (2D) materials from layered compounds; however, one-atom-thick 2D materials without bulk layered counterparts are scarcely reported. Here we report the structure and properties of novel 2D copper oxide studied by experimental and theoretical methods. Electron microscopy observations reveal that copper oxide can form monoatomic layers with an unusual square lattice on graphene. Density functional theory calculations suggest that oxygen atoms at the centre of the square lattice stabilizes the 2D Cu structure, and that the 2D copper oxide sheets have unusual electronic and magnetic properties different from 3D bulk copper oxide.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 28(8): 085205, 2017 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28114121

RESUMO

Here we present an investigation of new quasi-two-dimensional heterostructures based on the alternation of bounded carbon and boron nitride layers (C/BN). We carried out a theoretical study of the atomic structure, stability and electronic properties of the proposed heterostructures. Such ultrathin quasi-two-dimensional C/BN films can be synthesized by means of chemically induced phase transition by connection of the layers of multilayered h-BN/graphene van der Waals heterostructures, which is indicated by the negative phase transition pressure in the calculated phase diagrams (P, T) of the films. It was shown that the band gap value of the C/BN films spans the infrared and visible spectrum. We hope that the proposed films and fabrication method can be considered as a possible route to obtain nanostructures with a controllable band gap in wide energy range. This makes these materials potentially suitable for a variety of applications, including photovoltaics, photoelectronics and more.

20.
J Phys Chem A ; 121(3): 680-689, 2017 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28075136

RESUMO

The structure of the interfaces and the mechanisms of induced spin polarization of 1D infinite and finite narrow graphene- and h-BN zigzag nanoribbons placed on a SrO-terminated La1-xSrxMnO3 (LSMO) (001) surface were studied using density functional theory (DFT) electronic structure calculations. It was found that the π-conjugated nanofragments are bonded to the LSMO(001) surface by weak disperse interactions. The types of coordination of the fragments, the strength of bonding, and the rate of spin polarization depend upon the nature of the fragments. Infinite and finite graphene narrow zigzag nanoribbons are characterized by the lift of the spin degeneracy and strong spin polarization caused by interface-induced structural asymmetry and oxygen-mediated indirect exchange interactions with Mn ions of LSMO support. Spin polarization changes the semiconducting nature of infinite graphene nanoribbons to half-metallic state with visible spin-up density of states at the Fermi level. The h-BN nanoribbon binding energy is weaker than graphene nanoribbon ones with noticeably shorter interlayer distance. The asymmetry effect and indirect exchange interactions cause spin polarization of h-BN nanoribbon as well with formation of embedded states inside the band gap. The results show a possibility to use one-atom thick nanofragments to design LSMO-based heterostructures for spintronic nanodevices with h-BN as an inert spacer to develop different potential barriers.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA