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1.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564126

RESUMO

Anodization of aluminum with a pre-patterned surface is a promising approach for preparing anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films with defect-free pore arrangement. Although pronounced effects of crystallographic orientation of Al on the AAO structure have been demonstrated, all current studies on the anodization of pre-patterned aluminum consider the substrate as an isotropic medium and, thus, do not consider the azimuthal orientation of the pattern relative to the basis vectors of the Al unit cell. Here, we investigate the interplay between the azimuthal alignment of the pore nuclei array and the crystallographic orientation of aluminum. Al(100) and Al(111) single-crystal substrates were pre-patterned by a Ga focused ion beam and then anodized under self-ordering conditions. The thickness-dependent degree of pore ordering in AAO was quantified using statistical analysis of scanning electron microscopy images. The observed trends demonstrate that the preferred azimuthal orientation of pore nuclei rows coincides with the <110> directions in the Al unit cell, which is favorable for creating AAO with a high degree of pore ordering. In the case of an unspecified azimuthal orientation of the pore nuclei array, crystallography-affected disorder within the AAO structure occurs with increasing film thickness. Our findings have important implications for preparing defect-free porous films over 100 µm in thickness that are crucial for a variety of AAO applications, e.g., creating metamaterials and 2D/3D photonic crystals.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35630895

RESUMO

High-performance modeling of neurophysiological processes is an urgent task that requires new approaches to information processing. In this context, two- and three-junction superconducting quantum interferometers with Josephson weak links based on gold nanowires are fabricated and investigated experimentally. The studied cells are proposed for the implementation of bio-inspired neurons-high-performance, energy-efficient, and compact elements of neuromorphic processor. The operation modes of an advanced artificial neuron capable of generating the burst firing activation patterns are explored theoretically. A comparison with the Izhikevich mathematical model of biological neurons is carried out.

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