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1.
Chemosphere ; 282: 131128, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470167

RESUMO

We introduce a novel, efficient and fast method for the total and simultaneous removal of monomethylmercury, dimethylmercury, ethylmercury and Hg (II) from aquatic environments using magnetic core nanoparticles, coated with metallic nanomeric silver and functionalized with l-Cysteine. As far as the authors know, simultaneous removal has not been achieved previously. The experimental design was based on exploring a wide range of experimental conditions, including pH of the medium (2-12), contact time (up to 20 min), adsorbent dose (50-800 µL) and temperature (293-323 K), in order to achieve the highest adsorption efficiency. The results show that, for a pH equal to 6.2 at room temperature, 400 µL of nanoparticles is sufficient to achieve 100% adsorption efficiency for all the studied Hg species after a contact time of 30 s. The adsorbent was characterized by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis, Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and a BET test. Moreover, the procedure allows the total recovery and recycling of the nanoparticles using 50 µL of 0.01 M KI. As regards reuse, the adsorbent exhibits no loss of adsorption capacity during the first three adsorption cycles. Thermodynamics reveals that adsorption is of a physicochemical nature, the equilibrium isotherms being described by a Langmuir model for all the Hg species. The ability of the method to simultaneously adsorb all species of mercury present in water, achieving full adsorption in just a few seconds, along with the simple experimental conditions and its cost-effectiveness, strongly support the approach as an alternative to current procedures.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Mercúrio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cisteína , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Projetos de Pesquisa , Prata , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termodinâmica , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 709: 136111, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884287

RESUMO

Phosphate removal is an important factor that must be taken into account in eutrophized waters. For this reason, many studies on different ways of removing phosphates from water have been published nowadays. In this work, a comparative study between the use of graphene oxide (GO) and graphene oxide functionalized with silver nanoparticles (GO@AgNPs) as adsorbents to remove phosphates from water samples has been carried out. Experimental conditions, including the pH, adsorbent dose, contact time and temperature, have been analyzed to achieve the highest adsorption efficiency. Although both adsorbents can be considered suitable for removing phosphates from aqueous solutions, GO@AgNPs provided a maximum removal efficiency of 100%, reaching the equilibrium conditions instantaneously under straightforward experimental conditions. Moreover, a much lower adsorbent dose was necessary than with graphene oxide. When GO was used, the maximum removal efficiency was 75%, 9 min were necessary to reach the equilibrium conditions and 20 mg of adsorbent were needed. Both adsorbents can be regenerated in an acid medium, giving recovery percentages of 98% and 80% for GO and GO@AgNPs respectively, which allows them to be recycled and used again.

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