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1.
Langmuir ; 35(12): 4287-4295, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767533

RESUMO

We report herein the design and synthesis of a novel series of alkyl glycoside detergents consisting of a nonionic polar headgroup that comprises two glucose moieties in a branched arrangement (DG), onto which octane-, decane-, and dodecanethiols were grafted leading to ODG, DDG, and DDDG detergents, respectively. Micellization in aqueous solution was studied by isothermal titration calorimetry, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and surface tensiometry. Critical micellar concentration values were found to decrease by a factor of ∼10 for each pair of methylene groups added to the alkyl chain, ranging from ∼0.05 to 9 mM for DDDG and ODG, respectively. Dynamic light scattering and analytical ultracentrifugation sedimentation velocity experiments were used to investigate the size and composition of the micellar aggregates, showing that the aggregation number significantly increased from ∼40 for ODG to ∼80 for DDDG. All new compounds were able to solubilize membrane proteins (MPs) from bacterial membranes, insect cells, as well as the Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. In particular, native human adenosine receptor (A2AR) and bacterial transporter (BmrA) were solubilized efficiently. Striking thermostability improvements of +13 and +8 °C were observed when ODG and DDG were, respectively, applied to wild-type and full-length A2AR. Taken together, this novel detergent series shows promising detergent potency for solubilization and stabilization of membrane proteins (MPs) and thus makes a valuable addition to the chemical toolbox available for extracting and handling these important but challenging MP targets.

2.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(6): 927-939, 2019 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255098

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to develop micron-sized droplet emulsions able to increase the heat deposition of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), aiming to accelerate the tumour ablation in highly perfused organs with reduced side effects. The investigated droplets consisted of a perfluorooctyl bromide (PFOB) core coated with a biocompatible fluorinated surfactant called F-TAC. The novelty of this work relies on the use, for this application, of a high boiling point perfluorocarbon core (142 °C), combined with an in-house fluorinated surfactant to formulate the emulsion, yielding quasi-reversible strong interactions between the HIFU beam and the droplets. In order to fine-tune the emulsion size, surfactants with different hydrophobic/hydrophilic ratios were screened. Different concentrations of PFOB droplets were homogeneously embedded in two different MRI compatible materials, exhibiting either ultrasound (US) absorbing or non-absorbing properties. For the US absorbing TMM, the speed of sound at each droplet concentration was also assessed. These TMM were sonicated by 1 MHz HIFU with acoustical power of 94 W at two different duty cycles. The temperature elevation was monitored accurately by MRI proton shift resonance frequency in near real-time. The presence of sono-sensitive droplets induced a significant increase of the HIFU thermal effect that persisted under repeated sonication of the same locus. Optimal enhancement was observed at the lowest concentration tested (0.1%) with an additional temperature rise at the focal point of approximately 4 °C per applied kJ of acoustic energy corresponding to one order of magnitude augmentation of the thermal dose. Furthermore, no deformation of the heating pattern pre- or post-focal was observed.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos/química , Tensoativos/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Meios de Contraste/química , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Hipertermia Induzida , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias/terapia , Tamanho da Partícula , Temperatura , Ultrassonografia
3.
Methods ; 147: 84-94, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29857192

RESUMO

Fluorinated surfactants have scarcely been explored for the direct extraction of proteins from membranes because fluorination is believed to abrogate detergency. However, we have recently shown that a commercially available fluorinated surfactant readily solubilizes lipid membranes, thereby suggesting that fluorination per se does not interfere with detergent activity. In this work, we developed new fluorinated surfactants that exhibit detergency in terms of both lipid-vesicle solubilization and membrane-protein extraction. The compounds made and tested contain two glucose moieties as polar headgroup, a hydrogenated thioether linker, and a perfluorinated alkyl tail with either 4, 6, or 8 carbon atoms. The physicochemical properties of the micelles formed by the three fluorinated surfactants were evaluated by NMR spectroscopy, surface tensiometry, isothermal titration calorimetry, dynamic light scattering, small-angle X-ray scattering, and analytical ultracentrifugation. At 25 °C, micellization was mainly entropy-driven, and the CMC values were found to decrease with chain length of the fluorinated tail, whereas the aggregation number increased with chain length. Remarkably, all three surfactants were found to solubilize lipid vesicles and extract a broad range of proteins from Escherichia coli membranes. These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that nonionic fluorinated surfactants could be further exploited for the direct extraction and solubilization of membrane proteins.


Assuntos
Detergentes/farmacologia , Proteínas de Membrana/isolamento & purificação , Calorimetria , Halogenação , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Micelas , Solubilidade
4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(43): 29999-30008, 2016 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27774564

RESUMO

The arrangement of an ionic fluorophore in the crystalline state was regulated by the presence of various counter-ions and the effect on spectroscopic and self-association properties was studied. To do so, nine salts of berberine (i.e. a fluorescent natural alkaloid) were investigated. Most of them contained organic anions and were prepared using an ion-exchange process. Berberine chloride and hemisulfate were also used for the sake of comparison. The diffuse reflectance and photoluminescence spectra were recorded on powder compounds. All salts were emissive in the solid state and the emission efficiency was increased seven-fold with the nature of the anion. The optical properties were tentatively discussed on the basis of the crystal-packing mode. The possibility of implementing a bottom-up approach to generate microparticles was investigated using the reprecipitation method. Salts that contain the most hydrophobic anions gave a large number of homogeneous, elongated microparticles. This study showed that most of the berberine salts could be used as fluorescent materials, but proper choice of the anion allows using the self-association properties to best advantage.

5.
Chemistry ; 21(21): 7927-37, 2015 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25873140

RESUMO

The fluorescence properties of four derivatives of 3-thienyl-2-(N-dicyanovinyl)iminocoumarin, bearing a diethylamino group in the 7-position or a methoxy group in the 6, 7 and 8 positions, were compared in solution and in the solid state. The 7-diethylamino derivative was strongly fluorescent in various solvents, with marked solvatochromism. Its fluorescence was quenched by aggregation. In contrast, the methoxy derivatives were only moderately or weakly fluorescent in solution, but two of them were strongly photoluminescent in the crystalline state, owing to favourable molecular packing. The 6-methoxy derivative even exhibited spectacular crystallization-enhanced emission, examples of which are particularly rare for this type of dyes. Dyes were tested for biological use. The 7-diethylamino derivative led to particularly strong fluorescence staining of the cytoplasm of HCT-116 colon cancer cells. No fading was observed over prolonged illumination by the microscope light beam, but a phototoxic effect was detected. The use of the dyes as red-emitting materials was also investigated. Using easy-to-implement preparation methods, the compounds self- assembled to give one-dimensional nano- and microsized particles, including millimeter-long microfibres that exhibited clear wave-guiding properties. This study shows the value of these low molecular-weight molecules for the preparation of new orange and red-emitting fluorescent materials based on totally pure dye.

6.
Chemistry ; 20(28): 8636-46, 2014 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24938657

RESUMO

A series of europium and terbium complexes based on a functionalized triazacyclononane carboxylate or phosphinate macrocyclic ligand is described. The influence of the anionic group, that is, carboxylate, methylphosphinate, or phenylphosphinate, on the photophysical properties was studied and rationalized on the basis of DFT calculated structures. The nature, number, and position of electron-donating or electron-withdrawing aryl substituents were varied systematically within the same phenylethynyl scaffold in order to optimize the brightness of the corresponding europium complexes and investigate their two-photon absorption properties. Finally, the europium complexes were examined in cell-imaging applications, and selected terbium complexes were studied as potential oxygen sensors.


Assuntos
Alquinos/química , Compostos Aza/química , Európio/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Piperidinas/química , Térbio/química , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 49(16): 1600-2, 2013 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23336102

RESUMO

The synthesis, structure and photophysical properties of a series of highly emissive europium complexes is reported. Certain complexes enter mammalian cells by macropinocytosis and stain the mitochondria selectively, allowing observation of the Eu emission in cellulo by time-gated spectral imaging.


Assuntos
Európio/análise , Európio/química , Mitocôndrias/química , Amilorida/farmacologia , Androstadienos/farmacologia , Animais , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Células NIH 3T3 , Compostos Organometálicos/análise , Compostos Organometálicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Temperatura , Wortmanina
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