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2.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(3): 361-369, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no strong evidence on the link between inflammatory profile and pattern of drug treatment response in depressive patients that could result in Coronary Artery Disease occurrence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the subclinical atherosclerosis markers, inflammatory profile, and BDNF production in Resistant Depression (RD) or Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) patients under conventional treatment. METHODS: The population evaluated was comprised of 34 RD, 43 BAD, and 41 controls. Subclinical atherosclerosis markers were evaluated using ultrasonography, tomography, and exercise stress test. Plasma concentrations of TNFα, IL-1ß, IL-6, and BDNF were measured using Luminex100™. The usCRP concentration was measured using turbidimetric immunoassay. IL1B, IL6, and TNFA expression were determined using TaqMan®. For the statistical analysis, the significance level was established at p<0.05. RESULTS: Concerning subclinical atherosclerosis markers, only O2 consumption was reduced in the BAD group (p = 0.001). Although no differences were found in gene expression, BDNF and IL-1ß plasma concentration was increased in the RD group (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005, respectively) even with an antidepressant treatment, which suggests that these drugs have no effect in IL-1ß secretion and that the inflammasome may play a role in therapy response. CONCLUSION: Taken together, both BDNF and IL-1ß plasma concentrations could be used to the early identification of RD patients.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/sangue , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/sangue , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento/sangue , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Aterosclerose/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico , Transtorno Bipolar/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 361-369, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003035

RESUMO

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: There is no strong evidence on the link between inflammatory profile and pattern of drug treatment response in depressive patients that could result in Coronary Artery Disease occurrence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the subclinical atherosclerosis markers, inflammatory profile, and BDNF production in Resistant Depression (RD) or Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) patients under conventional treatment. METHODS: The population evaluated was comprised of 34 RD, 43 BAD, and 41 controls. Subclinical atherosclerosis markers were evaluated using ultrasonography, tomography, and exercise stress test. Plasma concentrations of TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, and BDNF were measured using Luminex100™. The usCRP concentration was measured using turbidimetric immunoassay. IL1B, IL6, and TNFA expression were determined using TaqMan®. For the statistical analysis, the significance level was established at p<0.05. RESULTS: Concerning subclinical atherosclerosis markers, only O2 consumption was reduced in the BAD group (p = 0.001). Although no differences were found in gene expression, BDNF and IL-1β plasma concentration was increased in the RD group (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005, respectively) even with an antidepressant treatment, which suggests that these drugs have no effect in IL-1β secretion and that the inflammasome may play a role in therapy response. CONCLUSION: Taken together, both BDNF and IL-1β plasma concentrations could be used to the early identification of RD patients.


RESUMO FUNDAMENTAÇÃO: Não há fortes evidências sobre a associação entre o perfil inflamatório e o padrão de resposta ao tratamento medicamentoso em pacientes depressivos que podem resultar em ocorrência de doença coronariana. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os marcadores de aterosclerose subclínica, o perfil inflamatório e a produção de BDNF em pacientes com Depressão Resistente (DR) ou Transtorno Afetivo Bipolar (BAD) sob tratamento convencional. MÉTODOS: A população avaliada incluiu 34 RD, 43 BAD e 41 controles. Os marcadores de aterosclerose subclínica foram avaliados por ultrassonografia, tomografia e teste de esforço. As concentrações plasmáticas de TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6 e BDNF foram medidas utilizando Luminex100TM. A concentração de usCRP foi medida por imunoensaio turbidimétrico. A expressão de IL1B, IL6 e TNFA foi determinada usando TaqMan®. Para as análises estatísticas, foi estabelecido o nível de significância de p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Quanto aos marcadores de aterosclerose subclínica, apenas o consumo de O2 foi reduzido no grupo BAD (p = 0,001). Embora não tenham sido encontradas diferenças na expressão gênica, a concentração plasmática de BDNF e IL-1β foi aumentada no grupo RD (p = 0,002 e p = 0,005, respectivamente) mesmo sob tratamento antidepressivo, o que sugere que esses medicamentos não têm efeito na secreção de IL-1β e que o inflamassomo pode desempenhar um papel na resposta terapêutica. CONCLUSÃO: Juntas, as concentrações BDNF e IL-1β poderiam ser usadas para a identificação precoce de pacientes com DR.

4.
JAMA ; 319(13): 1331-1340, 2018 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29525821

RESUMO

Importance: The effects of loading doses of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management remain uncertain. Objective: To determine if periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin decrease 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ACS and planned invasive management. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial conducted at 53 sites in Brazil among 4191 patients with ACS evaluated with coronary angiography to proceed with a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if anatomically feasible. Enrollment occurred between April 18, 2012, and October 6, 2017. Final follow-up for 30-day outcomes was on November 6, 2017. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive 2 loading doses of 80 mg of atorvastatin (n = 2087) or matching placebo (n = 2104) before and 24 hours after a planned PCI. All patients received 40 mg of atorvastatin for 30 days starting 24 hours after the second dose of study medication. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was MACE, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned coronary revascularization through 30 days. Results: Among the 4191 patients (mean age, 61.8 [SD, 11.5] years; 1085 women [25.9%]) enrolled, 4163 (99.3%) completed 30-day follow-up. A total of 2710 (64.7%) underwent PCI, 333 (8%) underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 1144 (27.3%) had exclusively medical management. At 30 days, 130 patients in the atorvastatin group (6.2%) and 149 in the placebo group (7.1%) had a MACE (absolute difference, 0.85% [95% CI, -0.70% to 2.41%]; hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.11; P = .27). No cases of hepatic failure were reported; 3 cases of rhabdomyolysis were reported in the placebo group (0.1%) and 0 in the atorvastatin group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ACS and planned invasive management with PCI, periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin did not reduce the rate of MACE at 30 days. These findings do not support the routine use of loading doses of atorvastatin among unselected patients with ACS and intended invasive management. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01448642.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia
5.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(2 Supl): 215-218, 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-909690

RESUMO

Introdução: Com o aumento da longevidade observado nas últimas décadas, as intervenções coronárias percutâneas (ICP) em octogenários são cada vez mais indicadas. Objetivo: Traçar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico-angiográfico e os principais detalhes associados à ICP dos pacientes octogenários. Métodos: Cento e cinquenta pacientes octogenários foram submetidos à ICP entre janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2016, no Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, correspondendo a 3,7% dos 3987 casos tratados e a 18% dos com idade >70 anos, e incluídos de forma sequencial e prospectiva. Não houve critérios de exclusão. Os resultados clínicos expostos foram restritos à fase hospitalar. Resultados: A maioria (63%) era do sexo masculino, com idade média de 86±3,9 anos (máximo de 102 anos). Do total de pacientes, 91,3% eram hipertensos, 37,4% diabéticos, a ICP prévia foi realizada em para 17,4%, enquanto 34,1% apresentaram infarto prévio. A cinecoronariografia identificou que 70,4% eram multiarteriais, dos quais 4% exibiam lesões não pro - tegidas do tronco da coronária esquerda. A maioria (55%) apresentava disfunção ventricular significativa. Stents farmacológicos (SF) foram utilizados em 97,2% dos casos. O sucesso angiográfico foi obtido em 97,5% e o sucesso clínico em 93,2%. A mortalidade e o infarto ocorreram abaixo de 4,3% dos casos. Conclusão: Nessa população, observaram-se que os pacientes octogenários constituíram a minoria dos idosos tratados; a doença multiarterial grave foi o achado predominante; os stents farmacológicos foram implantados quase em todos os casos e os sucessos angiográfico e clínico apresentaram-se elevado


With the increase in longevity observed in recent decades, percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in octogenarians are increasingly indicated. Objective: To outline the clinical, epidemiological and angiographic profile and main details associated with PCI in octogenarian patients. Methods: One hundred and fifty octogenarian patients underwent PCI between January 2015 and December 2016 at the Dante Pazzanese In - stitute of Cardiology, corresponding to 3.7% of the 3987 cases treated and 18% of those aged> 70 years, and included sequentially and prospectively. There were no exclusion criteria. The clinical results were restricted to the hospital phase. Results: The majority (63%) were males, with a mean age of 86±3.9 years (maximum 102 years). Of the total patients, 91.3% were hypertensive, 37.4% were diabetic, 17.4% had previously undergone PCI, while 34.1% had previous infarction. The coronary angiography indicated that 70.4% were multiarterial, of which 4% had unprotected lesions of the trunk of the left coronary artery. The majority (55%) had significant ventricular dysfunction. Pharmacological stents were used in 97.2% of the cases. Angiographic success was achieved in 97.5% and clinical success in 93.2%. Mortality and infarction occurred in less than 4.3% of the cases. Conclusion: In this population, it was observed that octogenarian patients constituted a minority of treated elderly; severe multivessel disease was the predominant finding; pharmacological stents were implanted in almost all cases, and angiographic and clin


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/reabilitação , Angiografia/métodos , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Stents Farmacológicos , Heparina/administração & dosagem
6.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(supl. 2): 215-218, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1021675

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: Com o aumento da longevidade observado nas últimas décadas, as intervenções coronárias percutâneas (ICP) em octogenários são cada vez mais indicadas. OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico-angiográfico e os principais detalhes associados à ICP dos pacientes octogenários. MÉTODOS: Cento e cinquenta pacientes octogenários foram submetidos à ICP entre janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2016, no Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, correspondendo a 3,7% dos 3987 casos tratados e a 18% dos com idade >70 anos, e incluídos de forma sequencial e prospectiva. Não houve critérios de exclusão. Os resultados clínicos expostos foram restritos à fase hospitalar. RESULTADOS: A maioria (63%) era do sexo masculino, com idade média de 86±3,9 anos (máximo de 102 anos). Do total de pacientes, 91,3% eram hipertensos, 37,4% diabéticos, a ICP prévia foi realizada em para 17,4%, enquanto 34,1% apresentaram infarto prévio. A cinecoronariografia identificou que 70,4% eram multiarteriais, dos quais 4% exibiam lesões não protegidas do tronco da coronária esquerda. A maioria (55%) apresentava disfunção ventricular significativa. Stents farmacológicos (SF) foram utilizados em 97,2% dos casos. O sucesso angiográfico foi obtido em 97,5% e o sucesso clínico em 93,2%. A mortalidade e o infarto ocorreram abaixo de 4,3% dos casos. CONCLUSÃO: Nessa população, observaram-se que os pacientes octogenários constituíram a minoria dos idosos tratados; a doença multiarterial grave foi o achado predominante; os stents farmacológicos foram implantados quase em todos os casos e os sucessos angiográfico e clínico apresentaram-se elevados. (AU)


INTRODUCTION: With the increase in longevity observed in recent decades, percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in octogenarians are increasingly indicated. OBJECTIVE: To outline the clinical, epidemiological and angiographic profile and main details associated with PCI in octogenarian patients. METHODS: One hundred and fifty octogenarian patients underwent PCI between January 2015 and December 2016 at the Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology, corresponding to 3.7% of the 3987 cases treated and 18% of those aged> 70 years, and included sequentially and prospectively. There were no exclusion criteria. The clinical results were restricted to the hospital phase. RESULTS: The majority (63%) were males, with a mean age of 86±3.9 years (maximum 102 years). Of the total patients, 91.3% were hypertensive, 37.4% were diabetic, 17.4% had previously undergone PCI, while 34.1% had previous infarction. The coronary angiography indicated that 70.4% were multiarterial, of which 4% had unprotected lesions of the trunk of the left coronary artery. The majority (55%) had significant ventricular dysfunction. Pharmacological stents were used in 97.2% of the cases. Angiographic success was achieved in 97.5% and clinical success in 93.2%. Mortality and infarction occurred in less than 4.3% of the cases. CONCLUSION: In this population, it was observed that octogenarian patients constituted a minority of treated elderly; severe multivessel disease was the predominant finding; pharmacological stents were implanted in almost all cases, and angiographic and clinical success rates were high. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença das Coronárias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea
7.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Thermoablation has been replacing conventional surgery in the surgical treatment of great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux in patients with lower limb varicose veins; however, thermoablation is expensive. Intravenous electrocoagulation (EC) may, selectively and safely, cause necrosis of the GSV wall, but the clinical results have never been studied. The objective of this study was to compare EC and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of GSV insufficiency, considering efficacy, complications, and effect on quality of life.METHODS:This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Patients with lower limb varicose veins and GSV reflux confirmed by duplex ultrasound were randomized into two treatment groups: EC and RFA. Patients were followed up at 1 week, 3 months, and 6 months after the procedure. Occlusion of the GSV confirmed by duplex ultrasound was considered the primary outcome, and the rate of complications and improvement in quality of life, using the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire score, were the secondary outcomes...(AU)


Assuntos
Varizes , Extremidade Inferior , Insuficiência Cardíaca
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(6): 590-598, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887987

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The impact of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains uncertain. Objective: To evaluate the impact of PVR on mortality and hospital readmission one year after TAVI. Methods: Between January 2009 and June 2015, a total of 251 patients underwent TAVI with three different prostheses at two cardiology centers. Patients were assessed according to PVR severity after the procedure. Results: PVR was classified as absent/trace or mild in 92.0% (n = 242) and moderate/severe in 7.1% (n = 18). The moderate/severe PVR group showed higher levels of aortic calcification (22% vs. 6%, p = 0.03), higher serum creatinine (1.5 ± 0.7 vs. 1.2 ± 0.4 mg/dL, p = 0.014), lower aortic valve area (0.6 ± 0.1 vs. 0.7 ± 0.2 cm2, p = 0.05), and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (49.2 ± 14.8% vs. 58.8 ± 12.1%, p = 0.009). Patients with moderate/severe PVR had more need for post-dilatation (p = 0.025) and use of larger-diameter balloons (p = 0.043). At one year, all-cause mortality was similar in both groups (16.7% vs. 12%, p = 0.08), as well as rehospitalization (11.1% vs. 7.3%, p = 0.915). PVR grade significantly reduced throughout the first year after the procedure (p < 0.01). The presence of moderate/severe PVR was not associated with higher one-year mortality rates (HR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.27-2.13, p = 0.864), rehospitalization (HR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.25-4.69, p=0.915), or composite outcome (HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.28-2.13, p = 0.613). Conclusion: In this sample, moderate/severe PVR was not a predictor of long-term mortality or rehospitalization. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Resumo Fundamento: O impacto da regurgitação paravalvular (RPV) após implante de valva aórtica transcateter (TAVI) permanece incerto. Objetivo: Analisar o impacto da RPV na mortalidade e re-hospitalização 1 ano após o TAVI. Métodos: Entre janeiro de 2009 e junho de 2015, 251 pacientes foram submetidos ao TAVI em dois centros cardiológicos com 3 diferentes próteses. Os pacientes foram analisados de acordo com a gravidade da RPV pós-procedimento. Resultados: RPV foi classificada como ausente/mínima ou discreta em 92,0% (n=242) dos pacientes e moderada/grave em 7,1% (n = 18). Os pacientes com RPV moderada/importante apresentaram maior grau de calcificação aórtica (22,0% vs. 6,0%; p = 0,03), creatinina sérica (1,53 ± 0,71 vs. 1,18 ± 0,43 mg/dL; p = 0,01), menor área valvar aórtica (0,61 ± 0,12 vs. 0.69 ± 0,17 cm2; p = 0,05) e menor fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (49,17±14,79% vs. 58,82±12,14%; p = 0,009). Nos pacientes com RPV moderada/importante a necessidade de pós-dilatação foi maior (p = 0,025) e eventualmente com balão de diâmetro maior (p = 0,04). Ao final de 1 ano, a mortalidade por todas as causas foi similar em ambos os grupos (16,7% vs. 12,0%; p = 0,08), assim como re-hospitalização (11,1% vs. 7,3%; p = 0,91). O grau de RPV ao longo do primeiro ano reduziu progressivamente (p < 0,01). A presença de RPV moderada/importante não foi associada a maiores taxas de mortalidade em 1 ano [RR (risco relativo): 0,76; IC (intervalo de confiança) 95%: 0,27-2,13; p = 0,864)], re-hospitalização (RR: 1,08; IC 95%: 0,25-4,69; p = 0,915) ou desfecho combinado (RR: 0,77; IC 95%: 0,28-2,13; p = 0,61). Conclusões: Nesta amostra, a presença de regurgitação paravalvular moderada/importante não foi um preditor de mortalidade ou reinternação a longo prazo. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; : 0, 2017 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29166455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of PVR on mortality and hospital readmission one year after TAVI. METHODS: Between January 2009 and June 2015, a total of 251 patients underwent TAVI with three different prostheses at two cardiology centers. Patients were assessed according to PVR severity after the procedure. RESULTS: PVR was classified as absent/trace or mild in 92.0% (n = 242) and moderate/severe in 7.1% (n = 18). The moderate/severe PVR group showed higher levels of aortic calcification (22% vs. 6%, p = 0.03), higher serum creatinine (1.5 ± 0.7 vs. 1.2 ± 0.4 mg/dL, p = 0.014), lower aortic valve area (0.6 ± 0.1 vs. 0.7 ± 0.2 cm2, p = 0.05), and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (49.2 ± 14.8% vs. 58.8 ± 12.1%, p = 0.009). Patients with moderate/severe PVR had more need for post-dilatation (p = 0.025) and use of larger-diameter balloons (p = 0.043). At one year, all-cause mortality was similar in both groups (16.7% vs. 12%, p = 0.08), as well as rehospitalization (11.1% vs. 7.3%, p = 0.915). PVR grade significantly reduced throughout the first year after the procedure (p < 0.01). The presence of moderate/severe PVR was not associated with higher one-year mortality rates (HR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.27-2.13, p = 0.864), rehospitalization (HR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.25-4.69, p=0.915), or composite outcome (HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.28-2.13, p = 0.613). CONCLUSION: In this sample, moderate/severe PVR was not a predictor of long-term mortality or rehospitalization. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).

10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(2): 148-155, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887914

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Mitral valve regurgitation (MR), present in up to 74% of the patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), can be a negative prognostic factor when moderate or severe. The outcome of MR after percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and predictors associated with that outcome have not been well established in the literature. Objective: To assess the outcome of primary MR in patients submitted to TAVI and to identify associated factors. Methods: Observational study of patients with symptomatic severe AS submitted to TAVI from January 2009 to April 2015 at two specialized centers. Echocardiographic outcome was assessed with data collected before and 1 year after TAVI. Results: Of the 91 patients with MR submitted to TAVI and followed up for at least 12 months, 67 (73.6%) had minimum/mild MR before the procedure and 24 (26.4%) had moderate/severe MR. Of those with minimum/mild MR, 62 (92.5%) had no change in the MR grade (p < 0.001), while 5 (7.5%) showed worsening. Of those with moderate/severe MR, 8 (33.3%) maintained the same grade and 16 (66.7%) improved it (p = 0.076). Patients with moderate/severe MR who improved MR grade had lower EuroSCORE II (p = 0.023) and STS morbidity (p = 0.027) scores, as compared to those who maintained the MR grade. Conclusion: MR grades change after TAVI. This study suggests a trend towards improvement in moderate/severe MR after TAVI, which was associated with lower preoperative risk scores.


Resumo Fundamentos: A insuficiência valvar mitral (IM), presente em até 74% dos pacientes com estenose aórtica (EA) grave, pode representar um fator prognóstico negativo quando moderada ou importante. A evolução da IM após implante percutâneo de valva aórtica transcateter (TAVI) e preditores associados a essa evolução não estão bem estabelecidos na literatura. Objetivos: Avaliar a evolução da IM primária em pacientes submetidos ao TAVI e identificar fatores associados a essa evolução. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo observacional em pacientes com EA grave sintomática, submetidos ao TAVI no período de janeiro de 2009 a abril de 2015 em dois centros especializados. Foram avaliados desfechos ecocardiográficos com dados antes e 1 ano após a intervenção. Resultados: Dos 91 pacientes com IM que realizaram TAVI e tinham acompanhamento de pelo menos 12 meses, 67 (73,6%) apresentavam IM mínima ou discreta antes da realização do procedimento e 24 (26,4%), IM moderada ou grave. Entre os com IM mínima ou discreta, 62 (92,5%) não apresentaram mudança no grau de refluxo (p < 0,001) e 5 (7,5%) tiveram piora. Entre os com IM moderada ou grave, 8 (33,3%) permaneceram na mesma classe e 16 (66,7%) tiveram melhora (p = 0,076). Pacientes com IM moderada ou grave que melhoraram o grau de insuficiência apresentavam menores valores de EuroSCORE II (p = 0,023) e STS morbidade (p = 0,027), quando comparados aos que continuaram na mesma classe. Conclusão: Observou-se mudança significativa no grau de IM após realização de TAVI. Este estudo sugere uma tendência de melhora da IM moderada ou grave após TAVI, o que se associou a escores de risco pré-operatórios menos elevados.

11.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; : 0, 2017 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28700016

RESUMO

Background:: Mitral valve regurgitation (MR), present in up to 74% of the patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), can be a negative prognostic factor when moderate or severe. The outcome of MR after percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and predictors associated with that outcome have not been well established in the literature. Objective:: To assess the outcome of primary MR in patients submitted to TAVI and to identify associated factors. Methods:: Observational study of patients with symptomatic severe AS submitted to TAVI from January 2009 to April 2015 at two specialized centers. Echocardiographic outcome was assessed with data collected before and 1 year after TAVI. Results:: Of the 91 patients with MR submitted to TAVI and followed up for at least 12 months, 67 (73.6%) had minimum/mild MR before the procedure and 24 (26.4%) had moderate/severe MR. Of those with minimum/mild MR, 62 (92.5%) had no change in the MR grade (p < 0.001), while 5 (7.5%) showed worsening. Of those with moderate/severe MR, 8 (33.3%) maintained the same grade and 16 (66.7%) improved it (p = 0.076). Patients with moderate/severe MR who improved MR grade had lower EuroSCORE II (p = 0.023) and STS morbidity (p = 0.027) scores, as compared to those who maintained the MR grade. Conclusion:: MR grades change after TAVI. This study suggests a trend towards improvement in moderate/severe MR after TAVI, which was associated with lower preoperative risk scores. Fundamentos:: A insuficiência valvar mitral (IM), presente em até 74% dos pacientes com estenose aórtica (EA) grave, pode representar um fator prognóstico negativo quando moderada ou importante. A evolução da IM após implante percutâneo de valva aórtica transcateter (TAVI) e preditores associados a essa evolução não estão bem estabelecidos na literatura. Objetivos: : Avaliar a evolução da IM primária em pacientes submetidos ao TAVI e identificar fatores associados a essa evolução. Métodos: : Realizou-se um estudo observacional em pacientes com EA grave sintomática, submetidos ao TAVI no período de janeiro de 2009 a abril de 2015 em dois centros especializados. Foram avaliados desfechos ecocardiográficos com dados antes e 1 ano após a intervenção. Resultados: : Dos 91 pacientes com IM que realizaram TAVI e tinham acompanhamento de pelo menos 12 meses, 67 (73,6%) apresentavam IM mínima ou discreta antes da realização do procedimento e 24 (26,4%), IM moderada ou grave. Entre os com IM mínima ou discreta, 62 (92,5%) não apresentaram mudança no grau de refluxo (p < 0,001) e 5 (7,5%) tiveram piora. Entre os com IM moderada ou grave, 8 (33,3%) permaneceram na mesma classe e 16 (66,7%) tiveram melhora (p = 0,076). Pacientes com IM moderada ou grave que melhoraram o grau de insuficiência apresentavam menores valores de EuroSCORE II (p = 0,023) e STS morbidade (p = 0,027), quando comparados aos que continuaram na mesma classe. Conclusão: : Observou-se mudança significativa no grau de IM após realização de TAVI. Este estudo sugere uma tendência de melhora da IM moderada ou grave após TAVI, o que se associou a escores de risco pré-operatórios menos elevados.

12.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 30(4): f:299-l:306, jul.-ago 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-846765

RESUMO

Fundamento: A técnica radial reduz a prevalência de complicações vasculares, sangramento grave e mortalidade quando cotejada à técnica femoral. Entretanto, esta ainda predomina como via de acesso preferencial para a efetivação de procedimentos coronários invasivos, requerendo a adoção de estratégias capazes de minimizar intercorrências. Objetivos: Comparar a sobrevida livre de eventos cardiovasculares adversos graves aos 12 meses de pacientes submetidos à estratégia intervencionista precoce pelo acesso radial ou femoral com dispositivo de oclusão vascular. Métodos: Estudo randomizado de não inferioridade envolvendo 240 pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda sem supradesnível do segmento ST. A função de sobrevivência livre de morte, infarto agudo do miocárdio ou acidente vascular encefálico foi estimada pelo modelo de Kaplan-Meier e comparada utilizando-se o teste de log rank. Resultados: A taxa de complicações vasculares no sítio de punção arterial aos 30 dias foi de 12,5% no grupo Angio-Seal e de 13,3% no grupo radial (p = 1,000). A incidência de sangramento grave ou transfusão sanguínea aos 12 meses também não diferiu entre os grupos (2,5% versus 1,7%, p = 1,000). Não se observou diferença quanto à curva de sobrevida livre de eventos cardiovasculares adversos graves (90,8% versus 94,2%, p = 0,328). Conclusões: Não houve distinção entre as técnicas na sobrevida livre de eventos cardiovasculares adversos graves aos 12 meses de seguimento. Ensaios clínicos com maior poder estatístico são necessários para a validação desses achados


Background: The radial approach reduces the prevalence of vascular complications, major bleeding and mortality when compared to the femoral approach. However, the last still prevails as the preferred approach for the performance of invasive coronary procedures, requiring the adoption of strategies to minimize complications. Objectives: To compare the survival free of major adverse cardiovascular events at 12 months in patients undergoing early intervention strategy by the radial or femoral access with vascular closure device. Methods: Randomized non inferiority trial involving 240 non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome patients. The survival free of death, myocardial infarction or stroke was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log rank test. Results: The 30-day rate of vascular complications in the arterial puncture site was 12.5% in the Angio-Seal group and 13.3% in the radial group (p = 1.000). The 12-month incidence of major bleeding or blood transfusion did not differ between groups (2.5% vs. 1.7%, p = 1.000). There was no difference in survival free of major adverse cardiovascular events (90.8% versus 94.2%, p = 0.328). Conclusions: There was no distinction between the techniques in survival free of major adverse cardiovascular events at 12 months of followup. Clinical trials with greater statistical power are needed to validate these findings


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Análise Estatística , Resultado do Tratamento , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemostasia
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(2): 109-115, Feb. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-838691

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) were developed to improve the long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention, restoring vasomotion. Objectives: To report very late follow-up of everolimus-eluting Absorb BVS (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, USA) in our center. Methods: Observational retrospective study, in a single Brazilian center, from August 2011 to October 2013, including 49 patients submitted to Absorb BVS implantation. Safety and efficacy outcomes were analyzed in the in-hospital and very late follow-up phases (> 2 years). Results: All 49 patients underwent a minimum follow-up of 2.5 years and a maximum of 4.6 years. Mean age was 56.8 ± 7.6 years, 71.4% of the patients were men, and 26.5% were diabetic. Regarding clinical presentation, the majority (94%) had stable angina or silent ischemia. Device success was achieved in 100% of cases with 96% overall procedure success rate. Major adverse cardiovascular events rate was 4% at 30 days, 8.2% at 1 year, and 12.2% at 2 years, and there were no more events until 4.6 years. There were 2 cases of thrombosis (1 subacute and 1 late). Conclusions: In this preliminary analysis, Absorb BVS showed to be a safe and effective device in the very late follow-up. Establishing the efficacy and safety profiles of these devices in more complex scenarios is necessary.


Resumo Fundamento: Os suportes vasculares bioabsorvíveis (SVB) foram desenvolvidos com o intuito de melhorar os resultados da intervenção coronária percutânea a longo prazo, restabelecendo-se a vasomotricidade. Objetivos: Reportar o seguimento muito tardio do implante do SVB eluidor de everolimus Absorb® (Abbot Vascular, Santa Clara, EUA) em nosso centro. Métodos: Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, em um único centro brasileiro, que incluiu 49 pacientes submetidos ao implante do SVB Absorb® entre agosto/2011 e outubro/2013. Foram analisados os desfechos de segurança e eficácia na fase hospitalar e bastante tardia (> 2 anos). Resultados: Todos os 49 pacientes completaram um seguimento mínimo de 2,5 anos, sendo o máximo de 4,6 anos. A média de idade foi 56,8 ± 7,6 anos, sendo 71,4% da população estudada do sexo masculino e 26,5% composta por diabéticos. Considerando a apresentação clínica, a grande maioria (94%) tinha angina estável ou isquemia silenciosa. Obteve-se sucesso do dispositivo em 100% dos casos e do procedimento, em 96%. A taxa de eventos cardiovasculares maiores foi de 4% aos 30 dias, de 8,2% em 1 ano, e de 12,2% em 2 anos, sem mais eventos até 4,6 anos. Houve 2 casos de trombose (1 subaguda e 1 tardia) até o último seguimento. Conclusões: Nesta análise preliminar, o uso do SVB Absorb® mostrou-se seguro e eficaz no seguimento bastante tardio. Faz-se necessário estabelecer o perfil de eficácia e segurança destes dispositivos em cenários de maior complexidade.

14.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 108(2): 109-115, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28076449

RESUMO

Background:: Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) were developed to improve the long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention, restoring vasomotion. Objectives:: To report very late follow-up of everolimus-eluting Absorb BVS (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, USA) in our center. Methods:: Observational retrospective study, in a single Brazilian center, from August 2011 to October 2013, including 49 patients submitted to Absorb BVS implantation. Safety and efficacy outcomes were analyzed in the in-hospital and very late follow-up phases (> 2 years). Results:: All 49 patients underwent a minimum follow-up of 2.5 years and a maximum of 4.6 years. Mean age was 56.8 ± 7.6 years, 71.4% of the patients were men, and 26.5% were diabetic. Regarding clinical presentation, the majority (94%) had stable angina or silent ischemia. Device success was achieved in 100% of cases with 96% overall procedure success rate. Major adverse cardiovascular events rate was 4% at 30 days, 8.2% at 1 year, and 12.2% at 2 years, and there were no more events until 4.6 years. There were 2 cases of thrombosis (1 subacute and 1 late). Conclusions:: In this preliminary analysis, Absorb BVS showed to be a safe and effective device in the very late follow-up. Establishing the efficacy and safety profiles of these devices in more complex scenarios is necessary. Fundamento:: Os suportes vasculares bioabsorvíveis (SVB) foram desenvolvidos com o intuito de melhorar os resultados da intervenção coronária percutânea a longo prazo, restabelecendo-se a vasomotricidade. Objetivos:: Reportar o seguimento muito tardio do implante do SVB eluidor de everolimus Absorb® (Abbot Vascular, Santa Clara, EUA) em nosso centro. Métodos:: Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, em um único centro brasileiro, que incluiu 49 pacientes submetidos ao implante do SVB Absorb® entre agosto/2011 e outubro/2013. Foram analisados os desfechos de segurança e eficácia na fase hospitalar e bastante tardia (> 2 anos). Resultados:: Todos os 49 pacientes completaram um seguimento mínimo de 2,5 anos, sendo o máximo de 4,6 anos. A média de idade foi 56,8 ± 7,6 anos, sendo 71,4% da população estudada do sexo masculino e 26,5% composta por diabéticos. Considerando a apresentação clínica, a grande maioria (94%) tinha angina estável ou isquemia silenciosa. Obteve-se sucesso do dispositivo em 100% dos casos e do procedimento, em 96%. A taxa de eventos cardiovasculares maiores foi de 4% aos 30 dias, de 8,2% em 1 ano, e de 12,2% em 2 anos, sem mais eventos até 4,6 anos. Houve 2 casos de trombose (1 subaguda e 1 tardia) até o último seguimento. Conclusões:: Nesta análise preliminar, o uso do SVB Absorb® mostrou-se seguro e eficaz no seguimento bastante tardio. Faz-se necessário estabelecer o perfil de eficácia e segurança destes dispositivos em cenários de maior complexidade.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Tecidos Suporte , Brasil , Angiografia Coronária , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 33(3): 401-410, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27766451

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality among women in several countries. Early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis (SA) could enable the adoption of preventive measures to avoid cardiovascular events. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of SA in Brazilian asymptomatic postmenopausal women in Framingham Risk Score (FRS) low and intermediate groups. Computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) scans were performed in 138 asymptomatic postmenopausal women (56.1 ± 4.9 years of age) to survey for coronary artery and aortic calcification (CT scan) and assess carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and identify carotid plaques (US). The mean FRS was 2.64 ± 2.13 %. The prevalence of increased CIMT, carotid plaques, increased CIMT and/or plaques, coronary artery calcification (CAC) >0 and aortic calcification (AC) were, respectively, 45.7, 37.7, 62.3, 23.9 and 45.7 %. Normal imaging tests were found in 22.4 %. SA, defined as at least one abnormal imaging test, was associated with age, FRS, waist-to-rip ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, HDL-c and ApoA1 levels, and ApoA1/ApoB ratio. In logistic regression, SA was associated with higher age (OR 1.108, 95 % CI 1.010-1.215, p = 0.029) and lower ApoA1 levels (OR 0.979, 95 % CI 0.960-0.998, p = 0.029). SA was prevalent in Brazilian postmenopausal women with low and intermediate risk groups (FRS) and was associated with higher age and lower levels of ApoA1. Carotid atherosclerosis was the most common presentation of SA in this group.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Pós-Menopausa , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças da Aorta/sangue , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Doenças Assintomáticas , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Placa Aterosclerótica , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Calcificação Vascular/sangue , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Relação Cintura-Quadril
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(2): 148-155, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36832

RESUMO

ACKGROUND: Mitral valve regurgitation (MR), present in up to 74% of the patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), can be a negative prognostic factor when moderate or severe. The outcome of MR after percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and predictors associated with that outcome have not been well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of primary MR in patients submitted to TAVI and to identify associated factors. METHODS: Observational study of patients with symptomatic severe AS submitted to TAVI from January 2009 to April 2015 at two specialized centers. Echocardiographic outcome was assessed with data collected before and 1 year after TAVI. RESULTS: Of the 91 patients with MR submitted to TAVI and followed up for at least 12 months, 67 (73.6%) had minimum/mild MR before the procedure and 24 (26.4%) had moderate/severe MR. Of those with minimum/mild MR, 62 (92.5%) had no change in the MR grade (p < 0.001), while 5 (7.5%) showed worsening. Of those with moderate/severe MR, 8 (33.3%) maintained the same grade and 16 (66.7%) improved it (p = 0.076). Patients with moderate/severe MR who improved MR grade had lower EuroSCORE II (p = 0.023) and STS morbidity (p = 0.027) scores, as compared to those who maintained the MR grade...(AU)


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Ecocardiografia
18.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 106(9): 676-685, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-37189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inspiratory and peripheral muscle training improves muscle strength, exercise tolerance, and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). However, studies investigating different workloads for these exercise modalities are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of low and moderate intensities on muscle strength, functional capacity, and quality of life. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial.METHODS:Thirty-five patients with stable HF (aged >18 years, NYHA II/III, LVEF <40%) were randomized to: non-exercise control group (n = 9), low-intensity training group (LIPRT, n = 13, 15% maximal inspiratory workload, and 0.5 kg of peripheral muscle workload) or moderate-intensity training group (MIPRT, n = 13, 30% maximal inspiratory workload and 50% of one maximum repetition of peripheral muscle workload). The outcomes were: respiratory and peripheral muscle strength, pulmonary function, exercise tolerance by the 6-minute walk test, symptoms based on the NYHA functional class, and quality of life using the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire...(AU)


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Terapia por Exercício , Prática Profissional , Exercício , Músculos Respiratórios
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(2): 109-114, 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-37205

RESUMO

Background: Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) were developed to improve the long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention, restoring vasomotion.Objectives: To report very late follow-up of everolimus-eluting Absorb BVS (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, USA) in our center.Methods: Observational retrospective study, in a single Brazilian center, from August 2011 to October 2013, including 49 patients submitted to Absorb BVS implantation. Safety and efficacy outcomes were analyzed in the in-hospital and very late follow-up phases (> 2 years).Results: All 49 patients underwent a minimum follow-up of 2.5 years and a maximum of 4.6 years. Mean age was 56.8 ± 7.6 years, 71.4% of the patients were men, and 26.5% were diabetic. Regarding clinical presentation, the majority (94%) had stable angina or silent ischemia. Device success was achieved in 100% of cases with 96% overall procedure successrate. Major adverse cardiovascular events rate was 4% at 30 days, 8.2% at 1 year, and 12.2% at 2 years, and there were no more events until 4.6 years. There were 2 cases of thrombosis (1 subacute and 1 late).Conclusions: In this preliminary analysis, Absorb BVS showed to be a safe and effective device in the very late follow-up.Establishing the efficacy and safety profiles of these devices in more complex scenarios is necessary. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; 108(2):109-115) (AU)


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Everolimo
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(6): 590-598, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-37280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:The impact of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains uncertain.OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the impact of PVR on mortality and hospital readmission one year after TAVI.METHODS:Between January 2009 and June 2015, a total of 251 patients underwent TAVI with three different prostheses at two cardiology centers. Patients were assessed according to PVR severity after the procedure.RESULTS:PVR was classified as absent/trace or mild in 92.0% (n = 242) and moderate/severe in 7.1% (n = 18). The moderate/severe PVR group showed higher levels of aortic calcification (22% vs. 6%, p = 0.03), higher serum creatinine (1.5 ± 0.7 vs. 1.2 ± 0.4 mg/dL, p = 0.014), lower aortic valve area (0.6 ± 0.1 vs. 0.7 ± 0.2 cm2, p = 0.05), and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (49.2 ± 14.8% vs. 58.8 ± 12.1%, p = 0.009). Patients with moderate/severe PVR had more need for post-dilatation (p = 0.025) and use of larger-diameter balloons (p = 0.043). At one year, all-cause mortality was similar in both groups (16.7% vs. 12%, p = 0.08), as well as rehospitalization (11.1% vs. 7.3%, p = 0.915). PVR grade significantly reduced throughout the first year after the procedure (p < 0.01). The presence of moderate/severe PVR was not associated with higher one-year mortality rates (HR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.27-2.13, p = 0.864), rehospitalization (HR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.25-4.69, p=0.915), or composite outcome (HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.28-2.13, p = 0.613) (AU)


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica , Próteses e Implantes , Prognóstico , Mortalidade
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