Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 103
Filtrar
1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(20): e013057, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581873

RESUMO

Background There is a scarcity of knowledge as to whether rates of myocardial reperfusion use and 30-day mortality for patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction are similar among patients using the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS) and those using the private healthcare system. Methods and Results A total of 707 patients were analyzed using the VICTIM (Via Crucis for the Treatment of Myocardial Infarction) register database; 589 patients from the SUS and 118 from the private network with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, who attended hospitals with the capacity to perform primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were investigated. The timeline, rates of use of PCI, and the 30-day probability of death were investigated, comparing the SUS patients to those in the private system. The mean time between symptom onset and arrival at the PCI hospital was higher for SUS patients compared with users of the private system (25.4±36.5 versus 9.0±21 hours; P<0.001, respectively). Rates of primary PCI were low in both groups, but significantly lower for the SUS patients (45% versus 78%; P<0.001). The 30-day mortality rate of SUS patients was 11.9% and of private patients was 5.9% (P=0.04). In the fully adjusted model, the odds ratio for 30-day mortality for the SUS patients was higher (odds ratio, 2.96; 95% CI, 1.15-7.61; P=0.02). Conclusions The delay in reaching a PCI hospital was almost 3 times higher for the SUS patients. Primary PCI was underused in both groups, especially in the SUS patients. The SUS patients were more likely to die during the 30-day follow-up.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 260-269, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019392

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Having appropriate dietary habits is part of the recommendations after ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), however, the quality of intra-hospital nutritional counselling in the different health services has been minimally explored. Objective: To evaluate the quality of intra-hospital nutritional counselling among patients with STEMI in the public and private health systems in Sergipe. Methods: A cross-sectional, with data from the Via Crucis for the Treatment of Myocardial Infarction (VICTIM) Register, conducted from April to November of 2017, with individuals aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with STEMI, in one public health service hospital and three private hospitals. The occurrence and quality of nutritional counselling were analyzed based on current guidelines and the administration of questionnaires. A significance level of 0.05 was adopted. Results: A total of 188 patients were analyzed; 80.3% were from the public health service facility. Among the interviewees, 57.6% of the public health service, and 70.3% of the private hospital patients received intra-hospital nutritional counselling (p = 0.191). The documentation of this practice, in medical records, was lower in the public service (2.6% vs. 37.8%, p < 0.001). A predominance of restrictive orientations was found in the public and private sectors, mainly regarding salt and fat, 52.3% and 70.3% respectively (p = 0.064). Patients from the private service were more counselling to introduce of cardioprotective foods, mainly fruit, vegetable/legume consumption (48.6% vs. 13.2%, p < 0.001). Among those who received counselling, nutritional knowledge was higher in the private sector (68.2% vs. 26.3%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The intra-hospital nutritional counselling provided to patients with STEMI, in Sergipe, still presents poor quality in both services, especially in the public health system.


Resumo Fundamento: A adequação dos hábitos alimentares faz parte das recomendações pós-infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMcSST); contudo, tem sido pouco explorada a qualidade da orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar nos diferentes serviços de saúde. Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade da orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar entre pacientes com IAMcSST nas redes de saúde pública e privada em Sergipe. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com dados do Registro Via Crucis para o Tratamento do Infarto do Miocárdio (VICTIM), realizado de abril a novembro de 2017 com indivíduos com idade ≥ 18 anos, diagnosticados com IAMcSST em um hospital público e três privados. Analisaram-se a ocorrência de orientação nutricional e a sua qualidade com base nas diretrizes atuais e por meio de aplicação de questionários, sendo adotado nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Foram avaliados 188 voluntários, sendo 80,3% do serviço público. Dentre os entrevistados, 57,6% da rede pública e 70,3% da privada receberam orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar (p = 0,191). O registro dessa prática em prontuário foi menor no serviço público (2,6% versus 37,8%; p < 0,001). Verificou-se o predomínio das orientações restritivas, sobretudo de sal e gorduras, 52,3% e 70,3% no público e no privado, respectivamente (p = 0,064). Quanto à inserção de alimentos cardioprotetores, pacientes da rede privada foram mais beneficiados, principalmente quanto ao consumo de frutas e verduras/legumes (48,6% versus 13,2%, p < 0,001). Entre aqueles que receberam orientação, o conhecimento nutricional foi maior no sistema privado (68,2% versus 26,3%, p < 0,001). Conclusão: A orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar para o IAMcSST em Sergipe apresenta baixa qualidade em ambos os serviços de saúde, sobretudo no público.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(1): 42-49, July 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011244

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is responsible for high rates of hospital admission and readmission, which are associated with increased costs for the patient and the health system, and increased in-hospital mortality rates. Objective: To evaluate readmission in patients with ACS and its determinants. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of adult and elderly patients with ACS, readmitted to public and private referral cardiology hospitals within one year after the first hospitalization for ACS. The occurrence of readmissions, the time elapsed from the first to the second admission, and the use of medications at admission were collected from the medical records. Associations between categorical variables were evaluated by the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test. Multiple logistic regression was used to evaluate predictors for readmissions. A p < 0.05 was set as statistically significant. Results: Readmission rate was 21.5% (n = 115) and mean time between admissions was 122.7 ± 112.1 days. The patients were mostly men (64.0%), mean age of 63.15 ± 12.3 years. Among readmitted patients, 7% had a prognosis of "death", and 68.7% were readmitted more than once within a one-year period. The main reasons of readmission were cardiovascular diseases including ACS. Private health care and the diagnosis of congestive heart failure were associated with multiple logistic regression. Conclusion: ACS was the main cause of readmission, with higher prevalence among users of supplemental health care. Readmissions were associated with previous diagnosis of congestive heart failure and the type of health care provided.


Resumo Fundamento: A síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA) é responsável por elevados números de admissões e readmissões hospitalares, os quais estão associados ao aumento dos custos para o paciente e para o sistema de saúde, bem como à elevação nas taxas de mortalidade hospitalar. Objetivo: Investigar a reinternação entre pacientes com SCA e seus determinantes. Métodos: Trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva de pacientes de ambos os sexos, adultos e idosos, diagnosticados com SCA. Foram avaliados, a partir dos registros dos hospitais locais públicos e privados de referência em cardiologia, a ocorrência de reinternação em até 1 ano após internação por SCA, o tempo entre as admissões e o uso de medicamentos no momento da reinternação. As variáveis categóricas foram associadas por meio do teste qui-quadrado, ou pelo teste exato de Fisher. Regressão logística múltipla foi utilizada para avaliar as variáveis preditoras da reinternação. Adotou-se como critério de significância estatística um valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: A ocorrência de reinternações foi de 21,46% (n = 115), e o período médio entre as internações foi de 122,74 (DP 112,14) dias. Os pacientes avaliados eram, em sua maioria, do sexo masculino (64,0%), com média de idade de 63,15 anos (DP 12,26). Sete por cento apresentaram óbito como prognóstico da reinternação, e 68,7% tiveram mais de uma reinternação em 1 ano. As causas cardiovasculares, entre elas a recorrência da SCA, foram as mais prevalentes entre as reinternações hospitalares. A assistência privada e o diagnóstico de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva (ICC) foram associados a reinternação após a regressão logística múltipla. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a SCA foi a principal causa de reinternação, sendo mais prevalente entre os usuários da rede suplementar de saúde. As reinternações associaram-se ao diagnóstico prévio de ICC e ao tipo de assitência à saúde.

4.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(1): 42-49, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is responsible for high rates of hospital admission and readmission, which are associated with increased costs for the patient and the health system, and increased in-hospital mortality rates. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate readmission in patients with ACS and its determinants. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of adult and elderly patients with ACS, readmitted to public and private referral cardiology hospitals within one year after the first hospitalization for ACS. The occurrence of readmissions, the time elapsed from the first to the second admission, and the use of medications at admission were collected from the medical records. Associations between categorical variables were evaluated by the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test. Multiple logistic regression was used to evaluate predictors for readmissions. A p < 0.05 was set as statistically significant. RESULTS: Readmission rate was 21.5% (n = 115) and mean time between admissions was 122.7 ± 112.1 days. The patients were mostly men (64.0%), mean age of 63.15 ± 12.3 years. Among readmitted patients, 7% had a prognosis of "death", and 68.7% were readmitted more than once within a one-year period. The main reasons of readmission were cardiovascular diseases including ACS. Private health care and the diagnosis of congestive heart failure were associated with multiple logistic regression. CONCLUSION: ACS was the main cause of readmission, with higher prevalence among users of supplemental health care. Readmissions were associated with previous diagnosis of congestive heart failure and the type of health care provided.

5.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(2): 260-269, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Having appropriate dietary habits is part of the recommendations after ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), however, the quality of intra-hospital nutritional counselling in the different health services has been minimally explored. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of intra-hospital nutritional counselling among patients with STEMI in the public and private health systems in Sergipe. METHODS: A cross-sectional, with data from the Via Crucis for the Treatment of Myocardial Infarction (VICTIM) Register, conducted from April to November of 2017, with individuals aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with STEMI, in one public health service hospital and three private hospitals. The occurrence and quality of nutritional counselling were analyzed based on current guidelines and the administration of questionnaires. A significance level of 0.05 was adopted. RESULTS: A total of 188 patients were analyzed; 80.3% were from the public health service facility. Among the interviewees, 57.6% of the public health service, and 70.3% of the private hospital patients received intra-hospital nutritional counselling (p = 0.191). The documentation of this practice, in medical records, was lower in the public service (2.6% vs. 37.8%, p < 0.001). A predominance of restrictive orientations was found in the public and private sectors, mainly regarding salt and fat, 52.3% and 70.3% respectively (p = 0.064). Patients from the private service were more counselling to introduce of cardioprotective foods, mainly fruit, vegetable/legume consumption (48.6% vs. 13.2%, p < 0.001). Among those who received counselling, nutritional knowledge was higher in the private sector (68.2% vs. 26.3%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The intra-hospital nutritional counselling provided to patients with STEMI, in Sergipe, still presents poor quality in both services, especially in the public health system.

6.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(5): 649-705, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188969
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 649-705, May 2019. gráfico, tabela
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022925

RESUMO

Development: The Department of Geriatric Cardiology of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (Departamento de Cardiogeriatria da Sociedade Brasileira da Cardiologia) and the Brazilian Geriatrics and Gerontology Society (Sociedade Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia). (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Geriatria
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 564-570, May 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011185

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Primary angioplasty (PA) with placement of either bare metal or drug-eluting stents (DES) represents the main strategy in the treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Diabetic patients, however, represent a special population in STEMI, with high rates of restenosis and unfavorable clinical outcomes, and with the use of DES, level of evidence A and indication class II, being indicated to reduce these damages. Objectives: To evaluate the DES rate of use in patients with STEMI and in the subgroup of diabetics assisted in the public versus private health network in Sergipe. Methods: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach using the data from the VICTIM Register. These were collected in the only four hospitals with capacity to perform PA in Sergipe, from December 2014 to March 2017. Results: A total of 707 patients diagnosed with STEMI were evaluated, of which 589 were attended at SUS and 118 at the private network. The use of DES in PA was lower in SUS compared to the private network in both the total sample (10.5% vs 82.4%, p<0.001) and in subgroup diabetic patients (8.7% vs 90.6%, p < 0.001), respectively. In all hypotheses tested, the level of significance was 5% (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The study reveals a disparity in the use of DES during the performance of PA between the public and private network, both in the total sample and the subgroup for diabetics, with lower rates for SUS users, demonstrating the challenges that need to be overcome in order to achieve quality improvements of the services provided.


Resumo Fundamento: A angioplastia primária (AP) com colocação de stent, seja ele convencional ou farmacológico, representa a principal estratégia no tratamento do infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMCSST). Os pacientes diabéticos, entretanto, representam população especial no IAMCSST, com altas taxas de reestenose e desfechos clínicos desfavoráveis, devendo-se indicar o uso de stents farmacológicos (SF), nível de evidência A e classe de indicação II, para redução destes danos. Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de uso de SF em pacientes com IAMCSST e no subgrupo dos diabéticos assistidos na rede pública versus privada de saúde em Sergipe. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo populacional, transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, que utilizou os dados do Registro VICTIM. Estes foram coletados nos quatro únicos hospitais com capacidade para realizar AP em Sergipe, no período de dezembro de 2014 a março de 2017. Em todas as hipóteses testadas, o nível de significância adotado foi de 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: Foram avaliados 707 pacientes diagnosticados com IAMCSST, dos quais 589 foram atendidos pelo SUS e 118 pela rede privada. O uso de SF na AP foi menor no SUS em comparação com a rede privada, tanto no total da amostra (10,5% vs 82,4%; p < 0,001) quanto no subgrupo dos pacientes diabéticos (8,7% vs 90,6%; p < 0,001), respectivamente. Conclusões: O estudo revela disparidade no uso de SF durante a realização de AP entre a rede pública e privada, tanto na amostra total quanto no subgrupo dos diabéticos, com menores taxas para usuários do SUS, demonstrando os desafios que necessitam ser vencidos para se atingir melhorias na qualidade dos serviços prestados.

9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(5): 564-570, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary angioplasty (PA) with placement of either bare metal or drug-eluting stents (DES) represents the main strategy in the treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Diabetic patients, however, represent a special population in STEMI, with high rates of restenosis and unfavorable clinical outcomes, and with the use of DES, level of evidence A and indication class II, being indicated to reduce these damages. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the DES rate of use in patients with STEMI and in the subgroup of diabetics assisted in the public versus private health network in Sergipe. METHODS: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach using the data from the VICTIM Register. These were collected in the only four hospitals with capacity to perform PA in Sergipe, from December 2014 to March 2017. RESULTS: A total of 707 patients diagnosed with STEMI were evaluated, of which 589 were attended at SUS and 118 at the private network. The use of DES in PA was lower in SUS compared to the private network in both the total sample (10.5% vs 82.4%, p<0.001) and in subgroup diabetic patients (8.7% vs 90.6%, p < 0.001), respectively. In all hypotheses tested, the level of significance was 5% (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The study reveals a disparity in the use of DES during the performance of PA between the public and private network, both in the total sample and the subgroup for diabetics, with lower rates for SUS users, demonstrating the challenges that need to be overcome in order to achieve quality improvements of the services provided.

10.
Nutrition ; 59: 131-137, 2018 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30471525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of the diets consumed by patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who received public and private health care. METHODS: This observational, prospective, longitudinal cohort study evaluated patients with ACS who attended three private and one public cardiology reference hospitals. Information about dietary parameters during the 6 mo before the acute ACS event was collected at admission and 180 d later using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was assessed using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (2010), and a multilinear regression model was developed to evaluate the associated variables. RESULTS: The 581 volunteers included in this study comprised 325 (55.9%) and 256 (44.1%) patients treated at private and public hospitals, respectively. Although the dietary index increased significantly after ACS (P < 0001), diet quality remained unsatisfactory, particularly in terms of reductions in the consumption of cardioprotective components (vegetables, fruits, and eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic fatty acids). Compared with patients receiving private health care, those attending a public hospital reported lower dietary quality (P < 0.001). The best diet quality was found to correlate with female sex (P < 0.001), receipt of dietary guidance at hospital discharge (P < 0.001), private health care (P < 0.001), a stable relationship status (P, 0.016), and older age (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The overall post-ACS diet quality remained unsatisfactory, especially in terms of cardioprotective components and among patients receiving public health care. Sociodemographic factors and the assistance model/quality were determinants of the observed differences in dietary quality.

11.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 14: 1887-1895, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30323611

RESUMO

Background: When prescribing antiplatelet agents, physicians face the challenge of protecting patients from thromboembolic events without inducing bleeding damage. However, especially in the perioperative period, the use of these medications requires a carefully balanced assessment of their risks and benefits. Objective: To conduct a systematic review to check whether the antiplatelet agent is to be maintained or suspended in the perioperative period of noncardiac surgeries. Search strategy: A comprehensive literature search using Science Direct, Scopus, MEDLINE-PubMed, and Web of Science was undertaken. Selection criteria: Clinical trials of noncardiac surgeries with patients taking regular anti-platelet therapy, published between 2013 and 2018. Results: A total of 1,302 studies were initially identified, with only four meeting the inclusion criteria. The selected studies were conducted in different countries such as, including India (2), Serbia (1), and the USA (1). The age group was similar in all studies, from 61 to 75 years. The most frequent surgery was related to tooth extraction and transurethral resection of bladder cancer. There was a group of patients who used single antiplatelet agents and groups who used single therapy and double therapy. Acetylsalicylic acid was the common drug in all studies. Conclusion: It was concluded that the clinical trials were classified as good quality and that it was not necessary to suspend antiplatelet therapy prior to surgical procedures such as dental extraction and transurethral resection of bladder cancer. It should be noted that it is necessary to jointly evaluate the type of antiplatelet agent, the thrombotic risk of the patient, and the hemorrhagic risk of the surgical procedure.

12.
Am Heart J ; 205: 154-157, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30268352

RESUMO

A systematic, nationwide assessment of care of patients with hypertension in Brazil is needed. The objective of the First National Registry of Patients with Hypertension in Brazil is to evaluate the clinical profile, treatment patterns, and outcomes of diagnosed hypertensive patients in the country.

13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(4): 596-604, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current guidelines dispose recommendations to manage antiplatelet agents in the perioperative period; however, the daily medical practices lack standardization. OBJECTIVES: To asses factors associated with inadequate management of antiplatelet agents in the perioperative period of non-cardiac surgeries. METHODS: Cross-sectional Study conducted in hospital from October 2014 to October 2016. The study dependent variable was a therapy that did not comply with the recommendations in the Brazilian Association of Cardiology (SBC) guidelines. The independent variables included some characteristics, the people in charge of the management and causes of lack of adherence to those guidelines. Variables were included in the multivariate model. Analysis was based on the odds ratio (OR) value and its respective 95% confidence interval (CI) estimated by means of logistic regression with 5% significance level. RESULTS: The sample was composed of adult patients submitted to non-cardiac surgeries and who would use acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) or clopidogrel (n = 161). The management failed to comply with the recommendations in the guidelines in 80.75% of the sample. Surgeons had the highest number of noncomplying orientations (n = 63). After multivariate analysis it was observed that patients with a higher level of schooling (OR = 0.24; CI95% 0.07-0.78) and those with a previous episode of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (OR = 0.18; CI95% 0.04-0.95) had a higher probability of using a therapy complying with the guidelines. CONCLUSION: Positive association between patients' schooling level, or those with a history of previous AMI, with management of the use of aspirin and clopidogrel in the perioperative period of non-cardiac surgeries. However, diverging conducts stress the need of having internal protocol defined.

14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(4): 596-604, Oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973773

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The current guidelines dispose recommendations to manage antiplatelet agents in the perioperative period; however, the daily medical practices lack standardization. Objectives: To asses factors associated with inadequate management of antiplatelet agents in the perioperative period of non-cardiac surgeries. Methods: Cross-sectional Study conducted in hospital from October 2014 to October 2016. The study dependent variable was a therapy that did not comply with the recommendations in the Brazilian Association of Cardiology (SBC) guidelines. The independent variables included some characteristics, the people in charge of the management and causes of lack of adherence to those guidelines. Variables were included in the multivariate model. Analysis was based on the odds ratio (OR) value and its respective 95% confidence interval (CI) estimated by means of logistic regression with 5% significance level. Results: The sample was composed of adult patients submitted to non-cardiac surgeries and who would use acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) or clopidogrel (n = 161). The management failed to comply with the recommendations in the guidelines in 80.75% of the sample. Surgeons had the highest number of noncomplying orientations (n = 63). After multivariate analysis it was observed that patients with a higher level of schooling (OR = 0.24; CI95% 0.07-0.78) and those with a previous episode of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (OR = 0.18; CI95% 0.04-0.95) had a higher probability of using a therapy complying with the guidelines. Conclusion: Positive association between patients' schooling level, or those with a history of previous AMI, with management of the use of aspirin and clopidogrel in the perioperative period of non-cardiac surgeries. However, diverging conducts stress the need of having internal protocol defined.


Resumo Fundamento: As diretrizes atuais apresentam recomendações para o manejo de antiagregantes plaquetários em perioperatório, entretanto, na prática clínica diária há falta de padronização das condutas médicas. Objetivos: Avaliar os fatores associados ao manejo inadequado de antiagregantes plaquetários em perioperatório de cirurgias não cardíacas. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado de outubro de 2014 a outubro de 2016, em hospital. A variável dependente do estudo foi a terapia divergente das recomendações das diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (SBC). As variáveis independentes incluíram algumas características, os responsáveis pelo manejo e as causas de não adesão às diretrizes. As variáveis foram incluídas no modelo multivariado. A análise se baseou no valor de oddsratio (OR) e seu respectivo intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95%, estimados por regressão logística com um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A amostra foi composta de pacientes adultos submetidos a cirurgias não cardíacas e que faziam uso de ácido acetilsalicílico (AAS) ou clopidogrel (n = 161). O manejo esteve em desacordo com aquele preconizado pelas diretrizes em 80,75% da amostra. Os cirurgiões realizaram o maior número (n = 63) de orientações em desacordo. Após a análise multivariada, observou-se que os pacientes com nível de escolaridade superior (OR = 0,24; IC95% 0,07-0,78) e aqueles com episódio prévio de infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) (OR = 0,18; IC95% 0,04-0,95) possuem maior chance de utilizar a terapia em concordância com as recomendações. Conclusão: Associação positiva entre o nível de escolaridade dos pacientes ou histórico prévio de IAM com o manejo do uso de AAS e clopidogrel em perioperatório de cirurgias não cardíacas. Porém as divergências nas condutas reforçam a necessidade de definição de protocolos internos.

15.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 13: 1999-2006, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29983554

RESUMO

Background: Systemic inflammation is the pathophysiological link between coronary artery disease (CAD) and COPD. However, the influence of subclinical COPD on patients with suspected or diagnosed CAD is largely unknown. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate the degree of coronary involvement in patients with COPD and suspected or confirmed CAD. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, carried out between March 2015 and June 2017, 210 outpatients with suspected or confirmed CAD were examined by both spirometry and coronary angiography or multidetector computed tomography. These patients were divided into two groups: with and without COPD. Size, site, extent, and calcification of the coronary lesions, and the severity of COPD were analyzed. Results: COPD patients (n = 101) presented with a higher frequency of obstructive coronary lesions ≥50% (n = 72, 71.3%), multivessels (n = 29, 28.7%), more lesions of the left coronary trunk (n = 18, 17.8%), and more calcified atherosclerotic plaques and higher Agatston coronary calcium score than the patients without COPD (P < 0.0001). The more severe the COPD in the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease stages, the more severe the CAD and the more calcified coronary plaques (P < 0.0001). However, there was no difference between the two groups with respect to the main risk factors for CAD. In the univariate analysis, COPD was an independent predictor of obstructive CAD (odds ratio [OR] 4.78; 95% confidence interval: 2.21-10.34; P < 0.001). Conclusion: In patients with suspected CAD, comorbid COPD was associated with increased severity and extent of coronary lesions, calcific plaques, and elevated calcium score independent of the established risk factors for CAD. In addition, the more severe the COPD, the greater the severity of coronary lesions and calcification present.

16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(4)jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-910241

RESUMO

Com a criação do SUS, todos teriam acesso universal, integral e equânime à assistência de saúde de qualidade. Entretanto, existe grande lacuna de estudos escrutinizando o SUS no tocante à qualidade assistencial praticada. Esse fato é especialmente crítico para vítimas de infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMCSST), sendo a responsividade do sistema e o uso da reperfusão em tempo hábil fatores cardinais para obtenção de melhores resultados. Descrever a metodologia empregada no Registro VICTIM que tem como objetivo caracterizar e comparar o acesso e o uso de terapias efetivas e desfechos entre os pacientes com IAMCSST usuários do SUS e do sistema privado atendidos nos hospitais com capacidade de realizar angioplastia em Sergipe, tentanto identificar e mensurar eventuais disparidades na qualidade da assistência.O Registro VICTIM é um estudo observacional, iniciado em dezembro de 2014, e ainda em fase de coleta, com a intenção de investigar a epidemiologia do IAMCSST em Sergipe, os cursos temporal e geográfico dos pacientes até sua admissão em uma instituição com capacidade de realizar angioplastia, uso de terapias de reperfusão, qualidade assistencial recebida durante a linha de cuidado, bem como a mortalidade de 30 dias, comparando-se os resultados obtidos pela população usuária do SUS e do sistema privado.O registro VICTIM é um esforço interinstitucional para identificar oportunidades de melhoria na linha de cuidado para IAMCSST de usuários do SUS e do sistema privado. Com isso, espera-se municiar os gestores públicos de informações técnicas que embasem novas políticas de saúde mais eficientes e equânimes


The Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) was created to ensure universal, integral and equitable access to quality healthcare to Brazilians. However, studies scrutinizing the quality of the healthcare provided by the SUS are scarce. This is especially critical for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), who depend on healthcare system responsiveness and timely reperfusion to achieve better outcomes. To describe the methodology of the VICTIM Registry aimed at characterizing and comparing the access to effective therapies and the outcomes of patients with STEMI, who use the SUS and the private healthcare system at hospitals capable of performing angioplasty in Sergipe. In addition, that registry aimed at identifying and measuring possible disparities in the quality of the care provided. The VICTIM Registry is an observational study, launched in December 2014, being still in the data collection phase, to investigate: the epidemiology of STEMI in Sergipe, the temporal and geographic courses of the patients up to their admission to one of the hospitals capable of performing angioplasty, the reperfusion therapy rates, the quality of the healthcare provided during the event, and the 30-day mortality. It compares the results obtained in the SUS with those of the private healthcare system. The VICTIM Registry is an interinstitutional effort to identify opportunities for healthcare improvement for SUS and private healthcare system patients with STEMI. It is expected to provide healthcare managers with information to support new, more efficient and equitable healthcare policies


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Tratamento Farmacológico , Instituições Privadas de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Sistemas de Saúde , Hospitais Especializados , Reperfusão Miocárdica/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Cobertura de Serviços Privados de Saúde , Saúde Pública , Análise Qualitativa/métodos , Análise Quantitativa/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Análise Estatística , Sistema Único de Saúde
17.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(4): 339-358, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-954112

RESUMO

The Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) was created to ensure universal, integral and equitable access to quality healthcare to Brazilians. However, studies scrutinizing the quality of the healthcare provided by the SUS are scarce. This is especially critical for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), who depend on healthcare system responsiveness and timely reperfusion to achieve better outcomes. Objective: To describe the methodology of the VICTIM Registry aimed at characterizing and comparing the access to effective therapies and the outcomes of patients with STEMI, who use the SUS and the private healthcare system at hospitals capable of performing angioplasty in Sergipe. In addition, that registry aimed at identifying and measuring possible disparities in the quality of the care provided. Methods and Results: The VICTIM Registry is an observational study, launched in December 2014, being still in the data collection phase, to investigate: the epidemiology of STEMI in Sergipe, the temporal and geographic courses of the patients up to their admission to one of the hospitals capable of performing angioplasty, the reperfusion therapy rates, the quality of the healthcare provided during the event, and the 30-day mortality. It compares the results obtained in the SUS with those of the private healthcare system. Conclusions: The VICTIM Registry is an interinstitutional effort to identify opportunities for healthcare improvement for SUS and private healthcare system patients with STEMI. It is expected to provide healthcare managers with information to support new, more efficient and equitable healthcare policies


Resumo Fundamentos: Com a criação do SUS, todos teriam acesso universal, integral e equânime à assistência de saúde de qualidade. Entretanto, existe grande lacuna de estudos escrutinizando o SUS no tocante à qualidade assistencial praticada. Esse fato é especialmente crítico para vítimas de infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMCSST), sendo a responsividade do sistema e o uso da reperfusão em tempo hábil fatores cardinais para obtenção de melhores resultados. Objetivo: Descrever a metodologia empregada no Registro VICTIM que tem como objetivo caracterizar e comparar o acesso e o uso de terapias efetivas e desfechos entre os pacientes com IAMCSST usuários do SUS e do sistema privado atendidos nos hospitais com capacidade de realizar angioplastia em Sergipe, tentanto identificar e mensurar eventuais disparidades na qualidade da assistência. Métodos e Resultados: O Registro VICTIM é um estudo observacional, iniciado em dezembro de 2014, e ainda em fase de coleta, com a intenção de investigar a epidemiologia do IAMCSST em Sergipe, os cursos temporal e geográfico dos pacientes até sua admissão em uma instituição com capacidade de realizar angioplastia, uso de terapias de reperfusão, qualidade assistencial recebida durante a linha de cuidado, bem como a mortalidade de 30 dias, comparando-se os resultados obtidos pela população usuária do SUS e do sistema privado. Conclusões: O registro VICTIM é um esforço interinstitucional para identificar oportunidades de melhoria na linha de cuidado para IAMCSST de usuários do SUS e do sistema privado. Com isso, espera-se municiar os gestores públicos de informações técnicas que embasem novas políticas de saúde mais eficientes e equânimes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Tratamento Farmacológico , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Instituições Privadas de Saúde , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Sistema Único de Saúde , Cobertura de Serviços Privados de Saúde , Reperfusão Miocárdica/métodos , Análise Quantitativa/métodos , Análise Qualitativa/métodos , Saúde Pública , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Análise Estatística , Fatores de Risco , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Hospitais Especializados
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(3)jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-908891

RESUMO

Fundamento: O impacto do consumo de álcool na evolução da isquemia miocárdica permanece incerto. Os estudos divergem quanto a um eventual efeito cardioprotetor ou a um fator de risco cardiovascular desse consumo de maneira leve a moderada. Objetivo: Estudar a relação do consumo leve a moderado de álcool com a isquemia miocárdica à ecocardiografia sob estresse físico (EEF). Métodos: Estudo transversal composto por 6632 pacientes submetidos à EEF, de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2015. Dividiram-se dois grupos: G1 - composto por 2130 (32,1%) pacientes com relato de consumo médio igual ou inferior a 1 dose de bebida alcoólica por dia para mulheres ou de 2 doses para homens; e G2 - formado por 4502 (67,9%) indivíduos que negaram consumo de álcool. A comparação entre os grupos foi feita mediante teste t de Student para variáveis quantitativas, e teste qui-quadrado ou teste de Fisher para as variáveis categóricas. Foram considerados significativos os valores de p < 0,05. Realizou-se, também, regressão logística para identificação de fatores de risco independentes para isquemia miocárdica. Resultados: G1 apresentou maior frequência de indivíduos do sexo masculino (77,1%; p < 0,001), menor idade média (54,8 ± 10,3 anos; p < 0,001) e maior frequência de isquemia miocárdica à EEF (p = 0,014). Idade, sexo masculino, dislipidemia, hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabete melito, tabagismo e história familiar positiva apresentaram-se independentemente associados à presença de isquemia miocárdica à EEF. Não foi observada associação independente entre etilismo leve a moderado e isquemia miocárdica (OR 0,96; IC 95%: 0,83-1,11). No entanto, observou-se associação entre idade, sexo masculino, tabagismo e dislipidemia com o consumo de álcool. Conclusão: Etilismo leve a moderado não se apresentou como preditor independente de presença de isquemia miocárdica à EEF. Observou-se, no grupo dos etilistas, um predomínio de homens, dislipidêmicos e tabagistas, importantes variáveis preditoras de isquemia miocárdica


Background: The impact of alcohol consumption on the development of myocardial ischemia remains uncertain. Studies diverge whether low to moderate alcohol consumption provides cardioprotection or whether it is a risk factor for myocardial ischemia. Objective: To study the relationship between low to moderate alcohol consumption and myocardial ischemia on exercise stress echocardiography (ESE). Methods: Cross-sectional study with 6632 patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease undergoing ESE between January/2000 and December/2015. The patients were divided into two groups: G1, composed of 2130 (32.1%) patients whose report showed maximal consumption of 1 drink per day on average for women or of 2 drinks per day for men; G2, composed of individuals denying any alcohol consumption. For comparing between the groups, Student t test was used for quantitative variables, and chi-square test or Fisher exact test, for categorical variables. The significance level adopted was p < 0.05. Logistic regression was also used to evaluate independent risk factors for myocardial ischemia. Results: G1 had a higher number of men (77.1%; p < 0.001), lower mean age (54.8 ± 10.3 years old; p < 0.001) and higher frequency of myocardial ischemia on ESE (p = 0.014). Age, male sex, dyslipidemia, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and family history were independently associated with myocardial ischemia on ESE. Independent association between low to moderate alcohol consumption and myocardial ischemia on ESE (OR 0.96; 95%CI: 0.83 to 1.11) was not observed. However, age, male sex, smoking and dyslipidemia were associated with alcohol consumption. Conclusion: Low to moderate alcohol consumption was not an independent predictor of myocardial ischemia on ESE. Nevertheless, we observed a predominance of the male sex, dyslipidemia and smoking habit, important predictors of myocardial ischemia, in the group of alcohol consumers


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica , Estresse Mecânico , Fatores Etários , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/mortalidade , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Análise Multivariada , Fatores Sexuais , Análise Estatística
19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(3): 235-243, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-954098

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The impact of alcohol consumption on the development of myocardial ischemia remains uncertain. Studies diverge whether low to moderate alcohol consumption provides cardioprotection or whether it is a risk factor for myocardial ischemia. Objective: To study the relationship between low to moderate alcohol consumption and myocardial ischemia on exercise stress echocardiography (ESE). Methods: Cross-sectional study with 6,632 patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease undergoing ESE between January/2000 and December/2015. The patients were divided into two groups: G1, composed of 2,130 (32.1%) patients whose report showed maximal consumption of 1 drink per day on average for women or of 2 drinks per day for men; G2, composed of individuals denying any alcohol consumption. For comparing between the groups, Student t test was used for quantitative variables, and chi-square test or Fisher exact test, for categorical variables. The significance level adopted was p < 0.05. Logistic regression was also used to evaluate independent risk factors for myocardial ischemia. Results: G1 had a higher number of men (77.1%; p < 0.001), lower mean age (54.8 ± 10.3 years old; p < 0.001) and higher frequency of myocardial ischemia on ESE (p = 0.014). Age, male sex, dyslipidemia, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and family history were independently associated with myocardial ischemia on ESE. Independent association between low to moderate alcohol consumption and myocardial ischemia on ESE (OR 0.96; 95%CI: 0.83 to 1.11) was not observed. However, age, male sex, smoking and dyslipidemia were associated with alcohol consumption. Conclusion: Low to moderate alcohol consumption was not an independent predictor of myocardial ischemia on ESE. Nevertheless, we observed a predominance of the male sex, dyslipidemia and smoking habit, important predictors of myocardial ischemia, in the group of alcohol consumers.


Resumo Fundamento: O impacto do consumo de álcool na evolução da isquemia miocárdica permanece incerto. Os estudos divergem quanto a um eventual efeito cardioprotetor ou a um fator de risco cardiovascular desse consumo de maneira leve a moderada. Objetivo: Estudar a relação do consumo leve a moderado de álcool com a isquemia miocárdica à ecocardiografia sob estresse físico (EEF). Métodos: Estudo transversal composto por 6632 pacientes submetidos à EEF, de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2015. Dividiram-se dois grupos: G1 - composto por 2130 (32,1%) pacientes com relato de consumo médio igual ou inferior a 1 dose de bebida alcoólica por dia para mulheres ou de 2 doses para homens; e G2 - formado por 4502 (67,9%) indivíduos que negaram consumo de álcool. A comparação entre os grupos foi feita mediante teste t de Student para variáveis quantitativas, e teste qui-quadrado ou teste de Fisher para as variáveis categóricas. Foram considerados significativos os valores de p < 0,05. Realizou-se, também, regressão logística para identificação de fatores de risco independentes para isquemia miocárdica. Resultados: G1 apresentou maior frequência de indivíduos do sexo masculino (77,1%; p < 0,001), menor idade média (54,8 ± 10,3 anos; p < 0,001) e maior frequência de isquemia miocárdica à EEF (p = 0,014). Idade, sexo masculino, dislipidemia, hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabete melito, tabagismo e história familiar positiva apresentaram-se independentemente associados à presença de isquemia miocárdica à EEF. Não foi observada associação independente entre etilismo leve a moderado e isquemia miocárdica (OR 0,96; IC 95%: 0,83-1,11). No entanto, observou-se associação entre idade, sexo masculino, tabagismo e dislipidemia com o consumo de álcool. Conclusão: Etilismo leve a moderado não se apresentou como preditor independente de presença de isquemia miocárdica à EEF. Observou-se, no grupo dos etilistas, um predomínio de homens, dislipidêmicos e tabagistas, importantes variáveis preditoras de isquemia miocárdica.

20.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 110(5): 420-427, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In view of the high mortality for cardiovascular diseases, it has become necessary to stratify the main risk factors and to choose the correct diagnostic modality. Studies have demonstrated that a zero calcium score (CS) is characteristic of a low risk for cardiovascular events. However, the prevalence of individuals with coronary atherosclerotic plaques and zero CS is conflicting in the specialized literature. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of patients with coronary atherosclerotic plaques, their degree of obstruction and associated factors in patients with zero CS and indication for coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, prospective study with 367 volunteers with zero CS at CCTA in four diagnostic imaging centers in the period from 2011 to 2016. A significance level of 5% and 95% confidence interval were adopted. RESULTS: The frequency of atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries in 367 patients with zero CS was 9.3% (34 individuals). In this subgroup, mean age was 52 ± 10 years, 18 (52.9%) were women and 16 (47%) had significant coronary obstructions (> 50%), with involvement of two or more segments in 4 (25%) patients. The frequency of non-obese individuals (90.6% vs 73.9%, p = 0.037) and alcohol drinkers (55.9% vs 34.8%, p = 0.015) was significantly higher in patients with atherosclerotic plaques, with an odds ratio of 3.4 for each of this variable. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of atherosclerotic plaque with zero CS was relatively high, indicating that the absence of calcification does not exclude the presence of plaques, many of which obstructive, especially in non-obese subjects and alcohol drinkers.


Assuntos
Cálcio/análise , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações , Placa Aterosclerótica/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA