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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226709, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1392989

RESUMO

Studying the different indicators of functional dentition classification can contribute to the understanding of the associated factors, and thus help in the definition of strategies associated with oral health care. This approach has been little explored in the literature, especially when considering the older age group. Aim:The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors associated with three distinct functional dentition classification. Methods: Cross-sectional exploratory study using secondary data from the Frailty in Older Brazilians (FIBRA) Project of 876 older adults living in Campinas, Brazil. The indicators of dental function assessed was number of natural teeth present, occluding pairs of teeth and the Eichner index, which were verified by trained dentists, following the World Health Organization criteria for epidemiological studies in oral health. The explanatory variable assessed was the self-perception of oral health-related quality of life measured by the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and its dimensions. It was also collected sociodemographic information such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, schooling, family income, smoking behavior and frailty status. The association was verified through Poisson regressions for number of teeth and pairs of teeth in occlusion and multinomial regression for the Eichner index, adjusted by sociodemographic and health variables. Results: Lower prevalence of participants with less than 21 teeth who negatively perceived GOHAI ́s pain and discomfort dimension and higher prevalence of having less teeth among the ones that negatively perceived GOHAI ́s physical and functional dimensions. No association was found between the perception of quality of life and occlusion pairs of teeth and the Eichner Index. Conclusion: Two out of three indicators assessed were associated with quality of life. Therefore, it is important to select sensitive indicators to be able to identify and better comprehend this relationship


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde Bucal , Dentição , Fatores Sociodemográficos
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227259, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1393334

RESUMO

Aim: This study analyzes factors associated with dimensions of health literacy (HL) functional, communicative and critical among public health service users with chronic non-communicable diseases. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical research was carried out in Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil, with adults and older adults attending Family Health Units (FHU). Data were collected by oral exam (CPOD and CPI) and a questionnaire on systemic conditions, sociodemographic factors, health behaviors and HLS (HLS-14). The outcomes consisted of functional, communicative, and critical HL dimensions dichotomized by median (high and low), which were analyzed by chi-square test (p<0.05) to find associations with the variables studied. Results: The study sample comprised 238 FHU users with 62.7 (± 10.55) mean age, of which 47.5% (n=113) showed high functional HL, 50.0% (n=119) high communicative HL, and 46.2% (n=110) high critical HL. High functional HL was associated with men (p<0.05). Functional and communicative HL were associated with having higher education (p<0.001 and p=0.018, respectively). High communicative and critical HL were associated with regular use of dental and medical services (p<0.05). Individuals with low functional HL were more likely to present poor tooth brushing (p=0.020). High HL (in all three dimensions) was associated with regular flossing and having more teeth (p<0.05). Conclusion: Functional, communicative and critical HL were associated with health behaviors and clinical outcomes, whereas the functional dimension was also associated with sociodemographic factors. HL dimensions allowed to differentiate health-related factors


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Sistema Único de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Doença Crônica , Letramento em Saúde , Fatores Sociodemográficos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde
3.
Gerodontology ; 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for tooth loss after 8 years among community-dwelling older adults in a southern Brazilian city. METHODS: In 2004, 388 dentate community-dwelling older adults from Carlos Barbosa, southern Brazil, were selected using simple random sampling. In 2012, the follow-up consisted of 199 (51.3%) participants. Data collection comprised an interview with data about socio-demographic, behavioural and access to services and an oral examination. The outcome variable of this study is the ratio between the sum of the teeth lost during the 8-year period of follow-up, and the sum of the teeth present in 2004, per person, modelled through binomial regression analysis. RESULTS: Being older (IOR = 1.03, 95% CI: 1.00-1.06), living in a rural area (IOR = 1.56, 95% CI: 1.17-2.07), earning two or more monthly minimum wages (IOR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.09-1.96), living alone (single, widowed or divorced; IOR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.00-1.85), having more gingival bleeding sites (IOR = 1.01, 95% CI: 1.00-1.02) and wearing partial removable prosthesis (IOR = 2.82, 95% CI: 2.15-3.71) were risk factors for tooth loss. Approximately 48% of the participants lost one or more teeth over the 8-year follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Socio-demographic, economic and clinical variables were associated with the risk for tooth loss. This might be a result of social determinants of health influencing people's access to oral health care, oral health behaviours and oral health status. Public policy aimed at older adults living in rural areas, living alone and using removable dentures may contribute to reducing the risk of tooth loss.

4.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 25(5): e210234, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394787

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Verificar se a perda de função mastigatória aumenta o risco de fragilidade em idosos vivendo em domicílios familiares no Estado de São Paulo. Métodos Foi adotado um delineamento de coorte prospectivo sobre a base de dados do estudo FIBRA (Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros), com linha de base realizada em 2008-2009 e seguimento em 2016-2018, transcorrendo em média 100,2 ± 9,2 meses. A variável desfecho foi a incidência de fragilidade, a variável de exposição foi a função mastigatória conforme a condição de edentulismo e autorrelato de dificuldade mastigatória. As variáveis de ajuste foram condições sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de saúde geral. Foi utilizado um modelo de regressão de Poisson, com variância robusta, estimando o risco relativo Resultados a incidência acumulada de fragilidade aos oito anos em média foi de 30 casos a cada 100 participantes edêntulos com dificuldade mastigatória, que apresentaram maior risco de desenvolver fragilidade (RR:1,75 IC 95% 1,09-2,81) do que os idosos dentados sem dificuldade mastigatória, independentemente de tabagismo (RR: 1,71 IC 95% 1,07-2,73) e de condição socioeconômica (RR: 1,72 IC 95% 1,13-2,62). Conclusão A perda de função mastigatória aumentou o risco de fragilidade em idosos.Futuras pesquisas deverão estudar se a reabilitação da função mastigatória contribui para diminuir esse risco.


Abstract Objective To verify if the loss of masticatory function increases the risk of frailty in community-dwelling older people in the state of São Paulo. Methods A prospective cohort design was adopted based on the FIBRA study database (Fragility in Brazilian Elderly), with a baseline performed in 2008-2009 and follow-up in 2016-2018, elapsed on average 100.2 ± 9.2 months. The outcome variable was the incidence of frailty. The exposure variable was masticatory function according to edentulism and self-reported chewing difficulty. Adjustment variables were sociodemographic, behavioral, and general health conditions. A Poisson regression model with robust variance was used to estimate the relative risk. Results the cumulative incidence of frailty over eight years was 30 cases per 100 edentulous participants with chewing difficulties, who had a higher risk of developing frailty (RR: 1.75 95% CI 1.09-2.81) than the dentate elderly without chewing difficulties, regardless of smoking (RR: 1.71 95% CI 1.07-2.73) and socioeconomic status (RR: 1.72 95% CI 1.13-2.62) Conclusion Loss of masticatory function increases the risk of frailty in older people. Future research should study whether the rehabilitation of oral function reduces this risk.

5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211359, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1252506

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the effects of an intervention for the prevention of obesity on the prevalence of dental caries disease in Spanish children. Methods: Two cities participated intervention study nested in a cohort IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants): Huesca, where there was a 2-year intervention, which encouraged less sugar consumption; and Zaragoza (control). The prevalence of caries was evaluated by examining the 1st permanent molars in the 7-11 age range, using the ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Assessment System). These teeth erupt at 6 years of age and at the baseline (2007-2008) were free of caries because they were not present in the oral cavity. As outcomes, white spots were selected, combining the ICDAS criteria 1 and 2, and untreated caries, combining criteria 4, 5 and 6. Their association with socioeconomic variables, BMI (Body Mass Index), frequency of sugar intake, sex and parents' perceptions of their children, was investigated. To do so, the chi-square test was applied (p<0.05). Results: The sample consisted of 281 children. The prevalence of white spots and untreated caries was higher in Huesca, despite the intervention. There was no association between the outcomes and the variables studied (p>0.05). Conclusion: The intervention for the prevention of obesity did not exert any association with the prevalence of caries in Spanish children


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Obesidade
6.
Rev Saude Publica ; 55: 116, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze the role of health literacy (HL) as a factor associated with tooth loss among users of the Brazilian Health System with chronic non-communicable diseases. METHODS: The cross-sectional analytical study was conducted with adult and elderly users chosen at ten Family Health Clinics in a draw in the town of Piracicaba, São Paulo State, Brazil. A questionnaire was applied with sociodemographic data (sex, age, skin color and education), behavioral data (brushing and flossing), determinants in health (type of dental health services and how often) and clinical data (pain). Mouth conditions were collected by intraoral examination of visible dental biofilm and community Pediodontal Index. The systemic clinical conditions (blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin and blood pressure) were extracted from the medical records. The explanatory variable was HL (low, medium and high), measured with the Health Literacy Scale (HLS-14). RESULTS: The outcome was tooth loss measured by the index of decayed, missing and filled teeth. Logistic regression was performed using a conceptual model for HL (p < 0.05). For the 238 subjects, the mean age was 62.7 years (± 10.55). Tooth loss was associated with HL in regression models adjusted by type of dental service, dental frequency, and dental floss. In the final model, the factors associated with tooth loss are older age (OR = 1,12; 95%CI: 1,07-1,17), a lower education (OR = 3,43; 95%CI: 1,17-10,10), irregular use of dental floss (OR = 4,58; 95%CI: 1.75 in-7,31), irregular use of dental services (n = 2,60; 95% 1,32-5,12), periodontal pocket (> 4 mm) (n = 0,31; 95%CI: 0,01-0,08), having visible dental biofilm (OR = 7,23; 95%CI: 3,19-16,41) and a higher level of blood sugar (glucose) (n = 1,98; 95%CI: 1.00-3,92). CONCLUSIONS: tooth loss was associated with HL when adjusted by health behaviors; when sociodemographic variables and clinical conditions were included, it was less significant. In the final model, behaviors, determinants in health and clinical conditions were risk indicators of tooth loss, showing the multifactorial nature of this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Letramento em Saúde , Perda de Dente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Perda de Dente/etiologia
7.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 15(10): 1462-1470, 2021 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780369

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Syphilis is an infectious disease of bacterial nature, acting on organs and/or systems. The increase in the number of cases worldwide has been of concern and the infection has been considered a public health problem. Given this scenario, this study evaluates the epidemiological profile, spatial distribution, and time series of the cases of acquired syphilis, syphilis in pregnant women, and congenital syphilis in a Brazilian municipality. METHODOLOGY: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study with second data of the notified cases. For the definition of the population universe, an initial survey of syphilis cases notified in the municipality was carried out, from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017. RESULTS: There was an increase in the notified cases and the detection/incidence rates of syphilis. The epidemiological profile was composed of men (76.7%), adults (24.8%), white (60.4%), with eight or more years of study (53.7%) in addition to pregnant adolescents (36.7%) and young adults (26.0%), with inadequate treatment and untreated partners. A concentration of cases was identified in the regions with the lowest monthly income and the time series showed an increasing trend (p-value < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Health actions should continue to improve access to diagnosis and to notification, focusing on treatment, cure and health education actions to control and prevent new cases.


Assuntos
Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Sífilis Congênita/epidemiologia , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3623-3633, 2021.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468657

RESUMO

The scope of this study was to analyze the relationship of an instrument of family vulnerability with sociodemographic, dental, and spatial distribution in a given territory. The dependent variable was the classification of family vulnerability, proposed by Coelho and Savassi. The independent variables were selected on the basis of the theoretical model proposed by Andersen. Hierarchical multiple logistic regression models were estimated. Kernel density estimation was used for spatial analysis. Subjects who lived with more than 4 people (OR = 3.46; 95% CI), who were dissatisfied with their oral health (OR = 2.38; 95% CI), who were ashamed to smile and talk (OR = 3.03, 95% CI) were more likely to be "at risk" in the family. Spatial analysis enabled the visualization of an area of ​​higher concentration of families "at risk". The relationship of the instrument of vulnerability analyzed with sociodemographic and dental factors, as well as the assistance in the visualization and identification of more vulnerable areas, are useful in the knowledge of the territory for the planning of actions in oral health, and the conclusion drawn is that the tool can be adopted for more equitable access by the oral health teams.


O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a relação de um instrumento de vulnerabilidade familiar com fatores sociodemográficos e odontológicos e sua distribuição espacial em determinado território. A variável dependente foi a classificação de vulnerabilidade familiar, proposta por Coelho e Savassi. As variáveis independentes foram selecionadas baseadas no modelo teórico proposto por Andersen. Foram estimados modelos de regressão logística múltipla hierarquizada. O estimador de densidade de Kernel foi utilizado para análise espacial. Indivíduos que residiam com mais de quatro pessoas (OR = 3,46; IC 95%), que estavam insatisfeitos com a saúde bucal (OR = 2,38; IC 95%) e que tinham vergonha ao sorrir e falar (OR = 3,03; IC 95%) apresentavam mais chances de estar "em risco" familiar. A análise espacial possibilitou a visualização de uma área de maior concentração de famílias "em risco". A relação do instrumento de vulnerabilidade analisado com fatores sociodemográficos e odontológicos, além do auxílio na visualização e identificação de áreas mais vulneráveis, auxilia no conhecimento do território para o planejamento das ações em saúde bucal, de modo que concluímos que tal instrumento pode ser adotado para um acesso mais equânime por parte das equipes de saúde bucal.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Organizações , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Espacial
9.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 29: e20201035, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BoNT-A has been widely used for TMD therapy. However, the potential benefits compared to dry needling techniques are not clear. OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to compare the immediate effects of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections and Acupuncture in myofascial temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients. METHODOLOGY: 54 women were divided into three groups (n=18). AC patients received four sessions of traditional acupuncture, being one session/week during 20-min. BoNT-A patients were bilaterally injected with 30U and 10U in masseter and anterior temporal muscles, respectively. Moreover, a control group received saline solution (SS) in the same muscles. Self-perceived pain was assessed by visual analog scale, while pressure pain threshold (PPT) was verified by a digital algometer. Electromyographic evaluations (EMG) of anterior temporal and masseter muscles were also measured. All variables were assessed before and 1-month after therapies. The mixed-design two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests were used for analysis, considering a=0.05. RESULTS: Self-perceived pain decreased in all groups after one month of therapy (P<.001). BoNT-A was not better than AC in pain reduction (P=0.05), but both therapies were more effective in reducing pain than SS (P<0.05). BoNT-A was the only treatment able to improve PPT values (P<0.05); however, a severe decrease of EMG activity was also found in this group, which is considered an adverse effect. CONCLUSION: after one month of follow-up, all therapies reduced the self-perceived pain in myofascial TMD patients, but only BoNT-A enhanced PPT yet decreased EMG.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Músculo Masseter , Músculos da Mastigação , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/tratamento farmacológico , Dor , Limiar da Dor , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1287498

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the role of an individual's perception of their partner's oral health in heterosexual couples. Material and Methods: The exploratory study with a qualitative and quantitative approach and data were collected in households in 2015. The quantitative data were analyzed using simple and multivariate binary logistic regression (p<0.05), and the qualitative using Thematic Content Analysis. Results: Of 143 participants, 113 (79.0%) were in a relationship and made up the final sample of the present study. Both women and men reported a small percentage of discomfort in relation to their partners' oral health (23.1% vs. 14.8%; p=0.199), and only a few had received complaints about their own oral health (20.7% vs. 10.7%; p=0.179). However, almost half of the sample had been told by their partner to see the dentist (47.6% vs. 31.0%; p=0.156), and of these, most were men (48.3% vs. 25.0%; p=0.022). The men that were more likely to be told by their partners to see the dentist (OR=5.82; 95% CI: 1.71-19.80) were upper-class (OR=3.35; 95% CI: 1.05-10.67), workers (OR=7.45; 95% CI: 1.62-34.20) who were dissatisfied with their oral health (OR=3.45; 95% CI: 1.13-10.51). The participants' reasons for complaining of their partners' oral health or for telling them to see the dentist were related to physiopathological clinical aspects and healthcare habits. Conclusion: The women told their male partners to seek dental services more often, and future studies should explore whether women are predictors of care and the validity of this information as an indicator of the oral health condition of their male partners.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal/educação , Epidemiologia , Heterossexualidade , Atenção à Saúde , Odontólogos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa Qualitativa
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201035, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250187

RESUMO

Abstract BoNT-A has been widely used for TMD therapy. However, the potential benefits compared to dry needling techniques are not clear. Objective this study aimed to compare the immediate effects of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections and Acupuncture in myofascial temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients. Methodology 54 women were divided into three groups (n=18). AC patients received four sessions of traditional acupuncture, being one session/week during 20-min. BoNT-A patients were bilaterally injected with 30U and 10U in masseter and anterior temporal muscles, respectively. Moreover, a control group received saline solution (SS) in the same muscles. Self-perceived pain was assessed by visual analog scale, while pressure pain threshold (PPT) was verified by a digital algometer. Electromyographic evaluations (EMG) of anterior temporal and masseter muscles were also measured. All variables were assessed before and 1-month after therapies. The mixed-design two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests were used for analysis, considering a=0.05. Results Self-perceived pain decreased in all groups after one month of therapy (P<.001). BoNT-A was not better than AC in pain reduction (P=0.05), but both therapies were more effective in reducing pain than SS (P<0.05). BoNT-A was the only treatment able to improve PPT values (P<0.05); however, a severe decrease of EMG activity was also found in this group, which is considered an adverse effect. Conclusion after one month of follow-up, all therapies reduced the self-perceived pain in myofascial TMD patients, but only BoNT-A enhanced PPT yet decreased EMG.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Terapia por Acupuntura , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/tratamento farmacológico , Dor , Resultado do Tratamento , Limiar da Dor , Músculo Masseter , Músculos da Mastigação
12.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 29(5): e2019523, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze association between prevalence and severity of dental caries and demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and oral health status in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with secondary data on 5,558 adolescents examined in the São Paulo State Oral Health Survey in 2015. The zero-inflated negative binomial regression model was used, considering sample weights. Prevalence ratios (PR), ratios of mean (RM) and confidence intervals (CI) were estimated. RESULTS: Caries prevalence was 71.7%, and was higher in females (PR=1.09 - 95%CI 1.04;1.15), associated with being behind at school (PR=1.11 - 95%CI 1.03;1.18), dental calculus (PR=1.10 - 95%CI 1.01;1.20) and no access to fluoridated water (PR=1.21 - 95%CI 1.01;1.45). CONCLUSION: Identification of factors associated with dental caries can instruct the programming of health services aimed at controlling the disease.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200098, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the impact of oral health on daily life and sociodemographic variables with oral parameters in adolescents living in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from 5,409 adolescents who participated in the "State Oral Health Survey of São Paulo - OH", 2015. The impact of oral health on daily life was assessed by the oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) index, prevalence (presence or absence of impact) and severity of impact (OIDP scores). The negative binomial regression model (zeros-inflated) was used, considering the complex sampling and the sample weights. Prevalence ratio (PR), ratio of means (ROM) and confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: The prevalence of impact was 37.4%. After adjusting for the model, the impact was more prevalent (PR = 1.59; 95%CI 1.22 ‒ 1.81) and more severe (RR = 1.49; 95%CI 1.22 ‒ 1.81) among females. Compared to white-skin people, all remaining groups had a higher prevalence of impact. Among socioeconomic characteristics, family income higher than R$ 2,501 (RR = 0.79; 95%CI 0.64 ‒ 0.98) and household crowding (RR = 1.18; 95%CI 1.00 ‒ 1.39) were associated with the severity of impact. In the oral health conditions, untreated caries (PR = 1.46; 95%CI 1.23 ‒ 1.74) and gingival bleeding (PR = 1.35; 95%CI 1.14 ‒ 1.60) were associated with higher prevalence of impact. CONCLUSION: Females, non-whites, with untreated caries and gingival bleeding were associated with higher impact of oral health on daily life. Family income higher than R$ 2,500 and living in less crowded households were factors associated with less impact.


OBJETIVO: Verificar a associação entre impacto nas atividades de vida diária e variáveis sociodemográficas e parâmetros bucais em adolescentes no Estado de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com dados de 5.409 adolescentes que participaram da "Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde Bucal de São Paulo - SB", de 2015. O impacto nas atividades de vida diária foi avaliado pelo índice de impacto das condições de saúde bucal nas atividades de vida diária (em inglês: oral impacts on daily performances [OIDP]), pela prevalência (presença ou ausência de impacto) e pela severidade do impacto (escores do OIDP). Utilizou-se o modelo de regressão binomial negativa inflado de zeros, considerando os pesos amostrais. Foram calculados as razões de prevalências (RP), as razões de médias (RM) e os intervalos de confiança (IC). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de impacto nas atividades de vida diária foi de 37,4%. Após o ajuste, pôde-se observar que o sexo feminino permaneceu com maior prevalência (RP = 1,59; IC95% 1,36 ‒ 1,81) e severidade do impacto (RM = 1,49; IC95% 1,22 ‒ 1,81). Na comparação com brancos, os demais grupos tiveram maior prevalência de impacto. A renda familiar maior que R$ 2.501 (RM = 0,79; IC95% 0,64 ‒ 0,98) e a aglomeração domiciliar (RM = 1,18; IC95% 1,00 ‒ 1,39) foram associadas com a severidade do impacto. Nas condições de saúde bucal, verificou-se que a cárie não tratada (RP = 1,46; IC95% 1,23 ‒ 1,74) e o sangramento gengival (RP = 1,35; IC95% 1,14 ‒ 1,60) permaneceram associados com maior prevalência de impacto. CONCLUSÃO: Sexo feminino, ter cor não branca, ter cárie não tratada e sangramento gengival foram associados ao maior impacto nas atividades de vida diária. Ter renda maior que R$ 2.500 e residir em domicílios menos aglomerados associaram-se com menor impacto.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos
14.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 48(6): 540-548, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Obesity is an important risk factor for chronic diseases and can also result in greater mortality. The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate whether poor oral health acts as a risk factor for obesity as indicated by body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). METHODS: We included in this analysis all participants who volunteered in a cohort study entitled 'Carlos Barbosa Cohort Study-CBCS' in the city of Carlos Barbosa, Southern Brazil. The interview questionnaire comprised socio-demographic information, behavioural questions and medical history. Oral examinations and anthropometric assessments were carried out. The outcome was obesity measured by both BMI (≥30 kg/m2 ) and WC (>0.80 for women and >0.94 for men). Variables were collected longitudinally. Those associated with the outcome and epidemiologically relevant to the conceptual framework participated in the analysis and were adjusted for socio-demographic, behavioural, general and oral health conditions. RESULTS: Six hundred and thirty-three independently living elders participated. The baseline mean age was 67.5 ± 6.1 years. Individuals who never visited a dentist (OR = 3.02, 95% CI: 1.25-7.26) as well as participants who needed a dental prosthesis in the lower arch (OR = 4.38, 95% CI: 1.34-14.32) were more likely to be obese, through BMI and WC measures, respectively. Edentulous participants with complete dentures in both arches (OR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.06-0.84) and those who perceived their oral health as unsatisfactory (OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.19-0.88) had a lower likelihood of being obese, according to BMI and WC measures. CONCLUSIONS: Older persons with poor oral health may be at risk for general and central obesity, a relationship that may have important clinical implications.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e079, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696912

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to verify the association between sociodemographic, general health, and oral health data with self-rated general health (SRGH) and self-rated oral health (SROH) in independent-living older Brazilians. This cross-sectional study was part of a larger study with older individuals living independently in the city of Campinas, Brazil - the "Rede FIBRA" Study (the Frailty in Brazilian Elderly Study). A random sample of 688 older individuals responded the SRGH and 673, the SROH. SRHG and SROH were both assessed using a single item. The questionnaire included sociodemographic, general, and oral health data. The mean age was 72.28 ± 5.4 years. The adjusted analysis revealed that the probability of rating general health as bad was higher for illiterate participants (PR: 1.77, 95%CI: 1.13-2.77) or with low educational level (PR: 1.76, 95%CI: 1.17-2.65), those with depressive symptoms (PR: 1.45, 95%CI:1.21-1.74), participants that self-reported food limitation due to problems with denture or lack of it (PR: 1.29, 95%CI: 1.05-1.56), and those with xerostomia (PR 1.40, 95%CI: 1.17-1.67). The probability of rating general health as bad was lower for participants that presented 0-2 chronic diseases (PR: 0.64, 95%CI: 0.53-0.78) and were pre-frail (PR: 0.76, 95%CI: 0.61-0.96). With regard to SROH, the probability of rating oral health as bad was higher for participants with natural teeth (PR:1.61, 95%CI: 1.24-2.08), that reported xerostomia (PR: 1.44, 95%CI: 1.13-1.84), and food limitation due to problems with denture or lack of it (PR: 1.43, 95%CI: 1.07-1,91), and lower for participants that reported having enough money to cover daily expenses (PR: 0.78, 95%CI: 0.61-0.99). Oral health data and income seem to be related to self-perceptions of general and oral health.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Xerostomia
16.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(7): 2847-2857, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667566

RESUMO

We evaluated the psychometric properties of the Health Literacy Scale - 14 (HLS-14), the Brazilian Portuguese version. In the methodological study with a cross-sectional design, the following were performed: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of the psychometric properties. After being subjected to a committee of experts, translated and adapted, the instrument was pre-tested with 52 adults and applied to 143 adults and older people of Piracicaba-SP. Internal consistency was assessed based on the Kendall correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha (>0.70), and the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted using the chi-square test, the Standardized Residual Mean Square Root (SRMR), the Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) (<0.05), the Comparative Fit Index (CFI) (>0.95) and the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) (>0.95). The analysis of operational equivalence showed agreement between most of the questions, exception questions 6, 8, 9 and 14. Cronbach's alpha was 0.82. There was reasonable adjustment in the CFA: CFI=0.886, TLI=0.86, RMSEA=0.085 (90%CI: 0.065-0.105), SRMR=0.071, chi-square (74 degrees of freedom) = 149.510, p<0.001. The exclusion of question 5 increased the adjustment level to satisfactory. The Brazilian Portuguese version of HLS-14 can be considered a valid health literacy assessment instrument.


Foram avaliadas as propriedades psicométricas da versão brasileira do 14-item Health Literacy Scale (HLS-14). No estudo metodológico com delineamento transversal realizou-se tradução, adaptação transcultural e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas. Depois de passar por comitê de especialistas, traduzido e adaptado, o instrumento foi pré-testado em 52 adultos, e aplicado em 143 adultos e idosos de Piracicaba-SP. A consistência interna foi avaliada através do coeficiente de correlação de Kendall e α de Cronbach (>0,70) e a análise fatorial confirmatória (AFC) por meio do teste de qui-quadrado, raiz quadrada média residual padronizada (SRMR), raiz da média dos quadrados dos erros de aproximação (RMSEA) (<0,05), índice de ajuste comparativo (CFI) (>0,95) e índice de Tucker-Lewis (TLI) (>0,95). A equivalência operacional apresentou concordância entre as questões, com exceção das questões 6, 8, 9 e 14. O coeficiente α de Cronbach foi 0,82. Houve ajuste razoável na AFC, CFI=0,886, TLI=0,86, RMSEA=0,085 (IC90%: 0,065-0,105), SRMR=0,071, qui-quadrado (74 graus de liberdade) =149,510, p<0,001. A exclusão da questão 5 elevou os índices de ajuste a níveis satisfatórios. A versão brasileira do HLS-14 foi considerada válida para mensurar literacia em saúde.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Letramento em Saúde , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e102, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939495

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between social inequality indicators and oral health conditions in an adult population. This prospective cohort study assessed a probabilistic sampling of adults (aged 20-64 years) living in Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Oral examinations were performed in 2011 and 2015, conducted at home, and used the decay-missing-filled (DMFT) index of permanent teeth, the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and the visible biofilm criterion. A questionnaire was administered to determine demographic and socioeconomic aspects and dental services used, and collect oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) data. Social inequality indicators were evaluated according to social class (high, middle or low) and type of dental service used (public, health insurance or private), and compared with oral health conditions (visible biofilm, DMFT and incidence of tooth loss, periodontal pockets and bleeding, and OHRQoL), evaluated between 2011 and 2015. Analysis using chi-squared or Fisher tests (p < 0.05) and Cochran's Q test was conducted separately for each category analyzed between 2011 and 2015 (p < 0.05). A total of 143 adults who participated in an earlier study were examined after four years of follow-up. Although the occurrence of oral disease did not decrease over the study period (4 years), there was a reduction in inequality among lower social classes in regard to presence of tooth decay and oral health impact on self-perceived quality of life between 2011 and 2015 (p < 0.05). These results suggest that the Brazilian National Oral Health Policy has achieved its principles, especially that of greater equity.


Assuntos
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e079, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132716

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the association between sociodemographic, general health, and oral health data with self-rated general health (SRGH) and self-rated oral health (SROH) in independent-living older Brazilians. This cross-sectional study was part of a larger study with older individuals living independently in the city of Campinas, Brazil - the "Rede FIBRA" Study (the Frailty in Brazilian Elderly Study). A random sample of 688 older individuals responded the SRGH and 673, the SROH. SRHG and SROH were both assessed using a single item. The questionnaire included sociodemographic, general, and oral health data. The mean age was 72.28 ± 5.4 years. The adjusted analysis revealed that the probability of rating general health as bad was higher for illiterate participants (PR: 1.77, 95%CI: 1.13-2.77) or with low educational level (PR: 1.76, 95%CI: 1.17-2.65), those with depressive symptoms (PR: 1.45, 95%CI:1.21-1.74), participants that self-reported food limitation due to problems with denture or lack of it (PR: 1.29, 95%CI: 1.05-1.56), and those with xerostomia (PR 1.40, 95%CI: 1.17-1.67). The probability of rating general health as bad was lower for participants that presented 0-2 chronic diseases (PR: 0.64, 95%CI: 0.53-0.78) and were pre-frail (PR: 0.76, 95%CI: 0.61-0.96). With regard to SROH, the probability of rating oral health as bad was higher for participants with natural teeth (PR:1.61, 95%CI: 1.24-2.08), that reported xerostomia (PR: 1.44, 95%CI: 1.13-1.84), and food limitation due to problems with denture or lack of it (PR: 1.43, 95%CI: 1.07-1,91), and lower for participants that reported having enough money to cover daily expenses (PR: 0.78, 95%CI: 0.61-0.99). Oral health data and income seem to be related to self-perceptions of general and oral health.


Assuntos
Humanos , Nível de Saúde , Brasil , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200098, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126025

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Verificar a associação entre impacto nas atividades de vida diária e variáveis sociodemográficas e parâmetros bucais em adolescentes no Estado de São Paulo. Métodos: Estudo transversal com dados de 5.409 adolescentes que participaram da "Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde Bucal de São Paulo - SB", de 2015. O impacto nas atividades de vida diária foi avaliado pelo índice de impacto das condições de saúde bucal nas atividades de vida diária (em inglês: oral impacts on daily performances [OIDP]), pela prevalência (presença ou ausência de impacto) e pela severidade do impacto (escores do OIDP). Utilizou-se o modelo de regressão binomial negativa inflado de zeros, considerando os pesos amostrais. Foram calculados as razões de prevalências (RP), as razões de médias (RM) e os intervalos de confiança (IC). Resultados: A prevalência de impacto nas atividades de vida diária foi de 37,4%. Após o ajuste, pôde-se observar que o sexo feminino permaneceu com maior prevalência (RP = 1,59; IC95% 1,36 ‒ 1,81) e severidade do impacto (RM = 1,49; IC95% 1,22 ‒ 1,81). Na comparação com brancos, os demais grupos tiveram maior prevalência de impacto. A renda familiar maior que R$ 2.501 (RM = 0,79; IC95% 0,64 ‒ 0,98) e a aglomeração domiciliar (RM = 1,18; IC95% 1,00 ‒ 1,39) foram associadas com a severidade do impacto. Nas condições de saúde bucal, verificou-se que a cárie não tratada (RP = 1,46; IC95% 1,23 ‒ 1,74) e o sangramento gengival (RP = 1,35; IC95% 1,14 ‒ 1,60) permaneceram associados com maior prevalência de impacto. Conclusão: Sexo feminino, ter cor não branca, ter cárie não tratada e sangramento gengival foram associados ao maior impacto nas atividades de vida diária. Ter renda maior que R$ 2.500 e residir em domicílios menos aglomerados associaram-se com menor impacto.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess the association between the impact of oral health on daily life and sociodemographic variables with oral parameters in adolescents living in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from 5,409 adolescents who participated in the "State Oral Health Survey of São Paulo - OH", 2015. The impact of oral health on daily life was assessed by the oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) index, prevalence (presence or absence of impact) and severity of impact (OIDP scores). The negative binomial regression model (zeros-inflated) was used, considering the complex sampling and the sample weights. Prevalence ratio (PR), ratio of means (ROM) and confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: The prevalence of impact was 37.4%. After adjusting for the model, the impact was more prevalent (PR = 1.59; 95%CI 1.22 ‒ 1.81) and more severe (RR = 1.49; 95%CI 1.22 ‒ 1.81) among females. Compared to white-skin people, all remaining groups had a higher prevalence of impact. Among socioeconomic characteristics, family income higher than R$ 2,501 (RR = 0.79; 95%CI 0.64 ‒ 0.98) and household crowding (RR = 1.18; 95%CI 1.00 ‒ 1.39) were associated with the severity of impact. In the oral health conditions, untreated caries (PR = 1.46; 95%CI 1.23 ‒ 1.74) and gingival bleeding (PR = 1.35; 95%CI 1.14 ‒ 1.60) were associated with higher prevalence of impact. Conclusion: Females, non-whites, with untreated caries and gingival bleeding were associated with higher impact of oral health on daily life. Family income higher than R$ 2,500 and living in less crowded households were factors associated with less impact.

20.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(5): e2019523, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124775

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre prevalência e severidade da cárie e fatores demográficos e socioeconômicos, comportamental e de condições de saúde bucal em adolescentes. Métodos: Estudo transversal com dados secundários de 5.558 adolescentes (15 a 19 anos) examinados na Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde Bucal de São Paulo em 2015. As associações foram testadas pelo modelo de regressão binomial negativa inflado de zeros, considerando-se os pesos amostrais. estimaram-se as razões de prevalência (RP), razões de média (RM) e intervalos de confiança (IC). Resultados: A prevalência de cárie foi de 71,7%, maior no gênero feminino (RP=1,09 - IC95% 1,04;1,15), associada a atraso escolar (RP=1,11 - IC95% 1,03;1,18), cálculo dentário (RP=1,10 - IC95% 1,01;1,20) e não acesso à água fluoretada (RP=1,21 - IC95% 1,01;1,45). Conclusão: A identificação dos fatores associados à cárie pode instruir a programação dos serviços de saúde dirigidos ao controle da doença.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre prevalencia y magnitud de la caries y factores demográficos, socioeconómicos, conductuales y de salud bucal en adolescentes. Métodos: Estudio transversal con datos secundarios de 5.558 adolescentes (15 a 19 años) examinados en la Encuesta de Salud Oral del Estado de São Paulo en 2015. Las asociaciones se probaron mediante el modelo de regresión binomial negativa inflado de ceros, considerando los pesos de la muestra. Se estimaron las razones de prevalencia (RP), razones medias (RM) e intervalos de confianza (IC). Resultados: La prevalencia de caries fue del 71,7% y mayor en las mujeres (PR=1,09 y IC95% 1,04;1,15), asociada a atraso escolar (PR=1.11 - IC95% 1,03;1,18), cálculo dental (PR=1,10 - IC95% 1,01;1,20) y sin acceso a agua fluorada (PR=1,21 - IC95% 1,01;1,45). Conclusión: La identificación de los factores asociados con la caries puede instruir la programación de servicios de salud destinados a controlar enfermedad.


Abstract Objective: To analyze association between prevalence and severity of dental caries and demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and oral health status in adolescents. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with secondary data on 5,558 adolescents examined in the São Paulo State Oral Health Survey in 2015. The zero-inflated negative binomial regression model was used, considering sample weights. Prevalence ratios (PR), ratios of mean (RM) and confidence intervals (CI) were estimated. Results: Caries prevalence was 71.7%, and was higher in females (PR=1.09 - 95%CI 1.04;1.15), associated with being behind at school (PR=1.11 - 95%CI 1.03;1.18), dental calculus (PR=1.10 - 95%CI 1.01;1.20) and no access to fluoridated water (PR=1.21 - 95%CI 1.01;1.45). Conclusion: Identification of factors associated with dental caries can instruct the programming of health services aimed at controlling the disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Saúde Bucal/tendências , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Saúde do Adolescente
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