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1.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 25(3): 289-301, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398647

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare resorbable plates with titanium plates for the fixation of zygomatic fractures, taking into account postoperative complications. METHODS: This systematic review followed the guidelines of PRISMA and the recommendations of the Cochrane Handbook and was registered in PROSPERO. The electronic search was performed in the Web of Science, PubMed, Virtual Health Library, and Cochrane Library databases and in the gray literature. The study selection and the data extraction were performed by three calibrated and independent researchers. The assessment of the risk of bias in the studies was performed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for clinical trials. Meta-analyses were performed using Review Manager Software version 5.3, using the Peto's Odds Ratios (PORs), and when I2 > 30, the random effect model was used. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence was carried out through GRADE. RESULTS: A total of 2651 studies were screened and only nine were included; 7 of which were used for quantitative assessment. The follow-up time for patients ranged from 6 months to 5 years. All studies showed a low risk of bias in the "incomplete outcome data" domain. The need for plate removal (POR: 0.11, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.81, I2 = 0%) and dehiscence (POR 0.12, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.63, I2 = not applied) was lower for the group of patients who used resorbable plates than for titanium plates. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the occurrence of infection, diplopia, or paresthesia between the fixation methods. Resorbable plates showed better postoperative clinical performance.


Assuntos
Titânio , Fraturas Zigomáticas , Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Fraturas Zigomáticas/cirurgia
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e059, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578802

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of malocclusion, nutritive and non-nutritive sucking habits and dental caries in the masticatory function of preschool children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 384 children aged 3-5 years. A single examiner calibrated for oral clinical examinations performed all the evaluations (kappa > 0.82). Presence of malocclusion was recorded using Foster and Hamilton criteria. The number of masticatory units and of posterior teeth cavitated by dental caries was also recorded. The parents answered a questionnaire in the form of an interview, addressing questions about the child's nutritive and non-nutritive sucking habits. The masticatory function was evaluated using Optocal test material, and was based on the median particle size in the masticatory performance, on the swallowing threshold, and on the number of masticatory cycles during the swallowing threshold. Data analysis involved simple and multiple linear regression analyses, and the confidence level adopted was 95%. The sample consisted of 206 children in the malocclusion group and 178 in the non-malocclusion group. In the multiple regression analysis, the masticatory performance was associated with age (p = 0.025), bottle feeding (p = 0.004), presence of malocclusion (p = 0.048) and number of cavitated posterior teeth (p = 0.030). The swallowing threshold was associated with age (p = 0.025), bottle feeding (p = 0.001) and posterior malocclusion (p = 0.017). The number of masticatory cycles during the swallowing threshold was associated with the number of cavitated posterior teeth (p = 0.001). In conclusion, posterior malocclusion, bottle feeding and dental caries may interfere in the masticatory function of preschool children.


Assuntos
Deglutição/fisiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Comportamento de Sucção/fisiologia , Alimentação Artificial , Aleitamento Materno , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Sucção de Dedo , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Tamanho da Partícula , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
3.
Sleep Med Rev ; 53: 101330, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554210

RESUMO

Aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate whether children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at greater chance of developing bruxism compared to individuals without this disorder. Observational studies that evaluated the occurrence of bruxism in children and adolescents with ADHD were included. The quality of the evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation criteria. Thirty-two studies involving a total of 2629 children/adolescents with ADHD and 1739 with bruxism (1629 with sleep bruxism and 110 with awake bruxism) were included. The prevalence of bruxism, irrespective of type, in the children/adolescents was 31% (95% CI: 0.22-0.41, I2 = 93%). ADHD was associated with an increased chance of bruxism (OR: 2.94, 95% CI: 2.12-4.07, I2 = 61%), independently of the type [sleep bruxism (OR: 2.77, 95% CI: 1.90-4.03, I2 = 66%) or awake bruxism (OR: 10.64, 95% CI: 2.41-47.03, I2 = 65%)]. The presence of signs of ADHD without a diagnostic confirmation was not associated with an increased chance of bruxism (OR: 3.26, 95% CI: 0.76-14.04, I2 = 61%). Children and adolescents with a definitive diagnosis of ADHD are at greater chance of developing sleep and awake bruxism than those without this disorder.

4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e059, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132697

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of malocclusion, nutritive and non-nutritive sucking habits and dental caries in the masticatory function of preschool children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 384 children aged 3-5 years. A single examiner calibrated for oral clinical examinations performed all the evaluations (kappa > 0.82). Presence of malocclusion was recorded using Foster and Hamilton criteria. The number of masticatory units and of posterior teeth cavitated by dental caries was also recorded. The parents answered a questionnaire in the form of an interview, addressing questions about the child's nutritive and non-nutritive sucking habits. The masticatory function was evaluated using Optocal test material, and was based on the median particle size in the masticatory performance, on the swallowing threshold, and on the number of masticatory cycles during the swallowing threshold. Data analysis involved simple and multiple linear regression analyses, and the confidence level adopted was 95%. The sample consisted of 206 children in the malocclusion group and 178 in the non-malocclusion group. In the multiple regression analysis, the masticatory performance was associated with age (p = 0.025), bottle feeding (p = 0.004), presence of malocclusion (p = 0.048) and number of cavitated posterior teeth (p = 0.030). The swallowing threshold was associated with age (p = 0.025), bottle feeding (p = 0.001) and posterior malocclusion (p = 0.017). The number of masticatory cycles during the swallowing threshold was associated with the number of cavitated posterior teeth (p = 0.001). In conclusion, posterior malocclusion, bottle feeding and dental caries may interfere in the masticatory function of preschool children.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Comportamento de Sucção/fisiologia , Deglutição/fisiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Valores de Referência , Alimentação Artificial , Aleitamento Materno , Modelos Lineares , Fatores Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Sucção de Dedo
5.
Arch Oral Biol ; 87: 180-190, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29306074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Studies have observed the presence of extra-intestinal manifestations of celiac disease (CD), including involvement of the oral cavity, such that developmental defects of enamel (DDE) occur. Thus, the aim of this review was to access the polled prevalence of DDE in individuals with CD, and to establish the strength of the association between these two variables. METHODS: To carry out the systematic review, four electronic databases and the Grey Literature were searched, complemented by a manual search of reference lists within the selected articles. Two pairs of independent reviewers selected the articles, and perform the data extractions and bias risk assessment Studies evaluating the presence of DDE in individuals with CD as well as in healthy individuals and which performed the DDE diagnosis by direct visualization of tooth enamel changes and the CD diagnosis were included. Meta-analyses were performed using the software R. RESULTS: Of 557 studies, 45 were selected for review, encompassing 2840 patients. The prevalence of DDE in people with CD was 50% (95% CI 0.44-0.57, I2 = 88%). In a general analysis, it was observed that patients with CD had a significantly higher prevalence of enamel defects compared to healthy people (RR: 2.31, 95% CI: 1.71-3.12, I2 = 98%). Only developmental defects of enamel diagnosed using Aine's method were associated with the disease (RR: 3.30, 95% CI 2.39-4.56, I2 = 75%). In a sensitivity analysis involving the deciduous, mixed and permanent dentitions, only individuals with deciduous dentition were observed to have association with the disease (RR: 2.34, 95% CI 1.25-4.39, I2 = 39%). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with enamel developmental defects should be screened for the possibility of their having celiac disease.


Assuntos
Doença Celíaca/complicações , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/etiologia , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
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