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1.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 33: 102151, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346059

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of glycolic acid-based final irrigant for photosensitizer removal of photodynamic therapy on the microhardness and colour change of the dentin structure. METHODS: Eighty extracted single-rooted human incisors were used. Sample preparation and root split resulted in 160 samples, 80 samples being used for microhardness and 80 samples for colour change evaluation. In the first, PDT protocol was performed and 80 samples were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 20), according to the final irrigation protocol: distilled water (DW); 17 % ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); QMix; 17 % glycolic acid (GA). Microhardness was evaluated using the Vicker tester, before and after, PDT and final irrigation protocols, calculating the percentage of microhardness reduction. In the second evaluation, PDT and final irrigation protocols were performed in the same way. Colour change was evaluated using digital spectrophotometer before and after these protocols, calculating the ΔE colour change using the CIELAB system (L*a*b* values). Specific statistical analysis was performed for both evaluations (α = 5%). RESULTS: The highest percentage of microhardness reduction was observed in 17 % EDTA, QMix and 17 % GA groups, with no significant difference among them (p > 0.05). Furthermore, none of these protocols was effective in photosensitizer removal, and all final irrigation protocols were statically similar to control group (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GA promotes microhardness reduction and also contributes to the colourization of dentin structure during the photosensitizer removal process, followingPDT .

2.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(6): 2287-2296, 01-11-2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148387

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of grape seed extract (GSE)-based intracanal dressings against Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) and its influence on dentin microhardness and bond strength of the filling material. The root canals of 126 human teeth were distributed into three test groups: antimicrobial activity (60 teeth), dentin microhardness (30 teeth) and bond strength (36 teeth). In all three groups, specimens were subdivided into six groups, according to intracanal dressing protocols: G1 ­ distilled water (DW); G2 ­ 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX); G3 ­ calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2)+DW; G4 ­ GSE+DW; G5 ­ Ca(OH)2+CHX; G6 ­ GSE+CHX. The counting of colony-forming units (CFUs), the Vickers microhardness tester and the push-out test were performed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity, dentin microhardness and bond strength, respectively. Specific statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation (α=5%). The greatest bacterial reduction was observed in G5 (Ca[OH]2+CHX) and G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference among groups in the dentin microhardness evaluation (p<0.05). The highest bond strength in the immediate evaluation was observed in G4 (GSE+DW) and G6 (GSE+CHX), whereas the highest bond strength after 12 months of storage was observed in G2 (CHX), G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), G4 (GSE+DW), and G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0.05). After the storage period, bond strength was increased in G2 (CHX) and G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), and remained unchanged in G4 (GSE+DW) and G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0.05). GSE-based intracanal dressings have antimicrobial potential against E. faecalis, have no influence in dentin microhardness and preserve the high bond strength of filling materials for root dentin over time.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de medicamentos intracanal à base de extrato de semente de uva (GSE) contra Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) e sua influência na microdureza da dentina e na resistência de união do material de obturação. Os canais radiculares de 126 dentes humanos foram distribuídos em três grupos de teste: atividade antimicrobiana (60 dentes), microdureza da dentina (30 dentes) e resistência adesiva (36 dentes). Nos três grupos, as amostras foram subdivididas em seis grupos, de acordo com os protocolos de curativos intracanal: G1 ­ água destilada (DW); G2 ­ gel de clorexidina a 2% (CHX); G3 ­ hidróxido de cálcio (Ca[OH]2) +DW; G4 ­ GSE+DW; G5 ­ Ca(OH)2+CHX; G6 ­ GSE+CHX. A contagem de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFCs), o testador de microdureza Vickers e o teste push-out foram realizados para avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana, a microdureza da dentina e a resistência adesiva, respectivamente. Análise estatística específica foi realizada para cada avaliação (α=5%). A maior redução bacteriana foi observada no G5 (Ca[OH]2+CHX) e G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0,05). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos na avaliação da microdureza da dentina (p<0,05). A maior resistência adesiva na avaliação imediata foi observada no G4 (GSE+DW) e G6 (GSE+CHX), enquanto a maior resistência adesiva após 12 meses de armazenamento foi observada no G2 (CHX), G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), G4 (GSE+DW) e G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0,05). Após o período de armazenamento, a resistência de união aumentou no G2 (CHX) e G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), permanecendo inalterada no G4 (GSE+DW) e G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0,05). Os medicamentos intracanal à base de GSE têm potencial antimicrobiano contra E. faecalis, não influenciam na microdureza da dentina e preservam a alta resistência adesiva dos materiais de obturação da dentina radicular ao longo do tempo.


Assuntos
Dentina , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Anti-Infecciosos
3.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(5): 1785-1793, 01-09-2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147935

RESUMO

This study objectives to evaluate the fracture strength of upper central incisors (UCI) restored with composite resin (CR) in Class III cavities and endodontically treated teeth with or without glass fiber post (GFP), analyzing their failure mode. Sixty human UCI were randomly divided into four experimental groups: endodontically treated teeth without GFP (G1), endodontically treated teeth with GFP (G2), teeth with mesial/distal Class III cavities restored with CR without GFP (G3), and teeth with mesial/distal Class III cavities restored with CR with GFP (G4). The samples were submitted to the fracture strength test in a universal testing machine with a compression shear load applied at speed of 1.0 mm/min until fracture occurred. The data were submitted to one-way ANOVA (α=0.05) and the samples were analyzed for failure mode. The analysis did not show a significant statistical difference in fracture strength between the groups (p>0.05). The results showed that only endodontically treated teeth (G1) (753.4N) presented behavior similar to teeth with GFP (G2) (702.1N). The same occurred when comparing teeth with Class III cavities without GFP (G3) (670.2 N) and with GFP (G4) (746.1N). It can be concluded that glass fiber posts do not change the fracture strength of incisors with endodontic treatment and Class III cavities. KEYWORDS: Cavities. Composite resins. Endodontically treated teeth. Fracture. INTRODUCTION Endodontically treated teeth with little remaining crown structure are considered more fragile than healthy teeth due to the loss of healthy dental structure (KARZOUN et al., 2015). In such cases, the use of an intraradicular post is indicated to promote retention to the future restoration. For many years, the cast metal cores (CMC) and the intraradicular metal posts were the only form of tooth retention (SMITH et al., 1998). However, research indicates that such posts may cause irreparable fractures (BARCELLOS et al., 2013; GUO et al., 2016), for requiring the wear of the dentin structure (CHUANG et al., 2010) and for presenting both a high modulus of elasticity (SANTOS-FILHO et al., 2008; FARINA et al., 2015) and the possibility of corrosion (LASSILA et al., 2004)thus limiting their use. Glass fiber posts (GFP) have advantages over metal posts because they provide better aestheticsand dentin-like biomechanical properties (GORACCI et al., 2007; MARTELLI et al., 2008; SANTOS-FILHO et al., 2008; MOSHARRAF et al., 2012; AMARNATH et al., 2015). Their retention is related to specific characteristics such as post length, type of cement used, and amount of remaining tooth structure (ALOMARI et al., 2011; MAKADE et al., 2011; INAGAKI et al., 2014; KHOROUSHI et al., 2016). It is also known that the clinical applicability of GFP is directly related to the reconstruction of the dental element lost (MAKADE et al., 2011; AMBICA et al., 2013; WANDSCHER et al., 2014; REZAEI et al., 2015; RAHMAN et al., 2016). Thus, an intraradicular post should be selected with caution, verifying the amount of remaining tooth structure, root canal anatomy, post length and diameter, as well as the physical properties and modulus of elasticity (ALOMARI et al., 2011; HATTA et al., 2011; LE BELL-RÖNNLÖF et al., 2011). The higher the amount of remaining crown, the higher the resistance of the dental element (ZOGHEIB et al., 2008; Received: 02/06/19 Accepted: 30/12/19


Este estudo objetiva avaliar a resistência à fratura de incisivos centrais superiores (ICS) restaurados com resina composta (RC) em cavidades Classe III e dentes tratados endodonticamente com ou sem pino de fibra de vidro (PFV), analisando seu padrão de fratura. Sessenta ICS humanos foram divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos experimentais: dentes tratados endodonticamente sem PFV (G1), dentes tratados endodonticamente com PFV (G2), dentes com cavidades mesiais/distais Classe III restauradas com RC sem PFV (G3), e dentes com cavidades mesiais/distais Classe III restauradas com RC com PFV (G4). As amostras foram submetidas ao teste de resistência à fratura em uma máquina universal de ensaios com uma carga de cisalhamento de compressão aplicada na velocidade de 1,0 mm / min até a ocorrência da fratura. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA unidirecional (α=0,05) e as amostras foram analisadas quanto ao modo de falha. A análise não mostrou diferença estatisticamente significativa na resistência à fratura entre os grupos (p>0,05). Os resultados mostraram que os dentes apenas tratados endodonticamente (G1) (753,4N) apresentaram comportamento semelhante aos dentes com PFV (G2) (702,1N). O mesmo ocorreu ao comparar dentes com cavidades Classe III sem PFV (G3) (670.2 N) e com PFV (G4) (746.1N). Pode-se concluir que pinos de fibra de vidro não alteram a resistência à fratura de incisivos com tratamento endodôntico e cavidades Classe III.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7313, 2020 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32355304

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of glycolic acid (GA) (with pH 1.2 and 5) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) on the chemical and mechanical properties of dentin to investigate the potential use of GA as final irrigant in the root canal therapy. Specifically, changes in microhardness, smear layer removal, erosion, mineral content distribution, apatite/collagen ratio and flexural strength of mineralized dentin treated with GA were assessed. Saline solution was used as a negative control. Knoop microhardness (KHN) was measured on the root canal lumen of root segments. Dentin beams were used for 3-point flexural strength (σ) test. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of root sections were obtained for evaluation of smear layer removal and dentin erosion on root segments and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) was used for mineral content distribution. The apatite/collagen ratio (A/C) in dentin powder were examined by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. KHN, σ and A/C results were statistically analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). Smear layer and dentin erosion scores were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (α = 0.05). Root dentin treated with EDTA and GA presented similar KHN regardless of the pH (p > 0.05). However, KHN was significantly reduced in EDTA and GA groups when compared to control group (p<0.001). GA showed the same ability to remove the smear layer and to cause dentin erosion as EDTA. EDS results showed that the GA and EDTA solutions did not alter the dentin mineral content distribution. The apatite/collagen ratio reduced with all irrigant solution and was the lowest with GA pH 5 (p<0.001), while σ was not significantly affected by the experimental solutions (p = 0.559). It can be concluded that GA has similar ability to remove the smear layer than EDTA. GA does not affect negatively the chemical/mechanical properties and it does not increase dentin erosion. The use of GA with low pH seems to promote less change in collagen/apatite ratio, but further studies are needed to establish an ideal clinical protocol. Therefore, this study supports the potential use of GA as an alternative final irrigation solution for root canal preparation.

5.
Eur Endod J ; 5(1): 35-39, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342036

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this research was to compare relative effectiveness of sodium hypochlorite 5.25% (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) and 6.5 % grape seed extract (GSE) against Enterococcus faecalis using instrument Reciproc R25 in root canal preparation. Methods: Forty-five mesiobuccal root canals from extracted human maxillary molars were collected and infected with Enterococcus faecalis. The samples were divided into five groups according to the different types of irrigants: saline (positive control) (n=5); in the other groups were used 10 root canals for each group: NaOCl+EDTA; CHX gel+EDTA; GSE solution+EDTA; GSE gel+EDTA. All the groups were prepared with reciprocating instruments Reciproc R25. Bacterial reduction was measured by two-way ANOVA (P<0.001) followed by Tukey HSD post-hoc tests, from the counting of colony forming units (CFUs) from samples collected before instrumentation and after. The significance level established at 5% (P<0.05). Results: The group prepared with the NaOCl resulted in highest antimicrobial capacity among of all (P>0.05), followed by CHX and GSE gel (P<0.05). Control and GSE solution showed similar results (P<0.05) and resulted in the lowest percentage of the reduction of the microorganism into the root canals. Conclusion: NaOCl had the higher elimination capacity of Enterococcus faecalis than GSE and CHX.

6.
Gen Dent ; 68(1): 41-44, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859661

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial capacity of glycolic acid (GA) at different concentrations as a final irrigant during the preparation of root canals. The sample consisted of 77 extracted single-rooted human teeth with complete root formation, no previous endodontic treatment, and a root length of at least 14 mm. The root canals were prepared in a standardized manner with a rotary file system. During this process, irrigation was performed with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and the final irrigant was 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). After the root canal sterilization procedure, Enterococcus faecalis was cultured in a Petri dish, and 70 sterilized root canals were inoculated with a suspension containing 3.0 × 108 colony-forming units (CFUs) per milliliter. The roots were divided into 7 groups (n = 10) according to the following solutions: 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl); 6% NaOCl; 17% EDTA; 10%, 17%, or 25% GA; or 17% citric acid (CA). The capacity of the different substances to reduce E faecalis was evaluated by counting the CFUs before and after treatment with the final irrigant solutions. Data were subjected to an analysis of variance and the Tukey test at a 5% significance level. The greatest bacterial reduction was observed in the group irrigated with NaOCl (P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among the groups irrigated with GA in different concentrations (P > 0.05), but they all demonstrated greater disinfection capacity than CA and EDTA (P < 0.05). CA showed significantly greater antimicrobial capacity than EDTA (P < 0.05). EDTA showed significantly greater antimicrobial capacity only in relation to NaCl (P < 0.05). At different concentrations, GA demonstrated greater capacity to eliminate E faecalis from root canals than did EDTA.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Glicolatos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Cavidade Pulpar , Ácido Edético , Enterococcus faecalis , Glicolatos/farmacologia , Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Hipoclorito de Sódio
7.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 29: 101625, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866534

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial action of calcium hypochlorite(Ca[OCl]2) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with reciprocating instrumentation and photodynamic therapy(PDT), and its influence on root dentin structure. METHODS: One hundred and ten human teeth were used to antimicrobial evaluation, inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and divided into 11 groups (n = 10): G1 - distilled water(control); G2-1 % NaOCl; G3-5.25 % NaOCl; G4-1 % Ca(OCl)2; G5-5.25 % Ca(OCl)2; G6-PDT; G7-distilled water + PDT; G8-1 % NaOCl + PDT; G9-5.25 % NaOCl + PDT; G10-1 % Ca(OCl)2+PDT; G11-5.25 % Ca(OCl)2+PDT. In all groups, except G6, the root canals were instrumented with #R50 Reciproc file in the working length in association with tested chemical auxiliary substance. The counting of colony forming units (CFUs) was performed to calculate the bacterial percentage reduction of each group. Following, 55 bovine teeth were used to microhardness evaluation and divided into the same 11 groups (n = 5), with no instrumentation and immersion in the tested protocols. The modification of root dentin microhardness was evaluated by using the Vicker tester. Finally, 33 bovine teeth were used to organic components evaluation and divided into the same 11 groups (n = 3), with no instrumentation and immersion in the tested protocols. The modification of organic components of root dentin was evaluated by light microscopy. Specific statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation. RESULTS: The higher bacterial reduction was observed in groups 3,4,5,8,9,10 and 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). The higher microhardness reduction was observed in groups 8,9,10 e 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). The highest modification on organic components was observed in groups 3,5,9 and 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The association of Ca(OCl)2, reciprocating instrumentation and PDT promotes effective antimicrobial action. Moreover, lower modification was induced in microhardness and organic components of root dentin, by using Ca(OCl)2 in low concentration associated to PDT.

8.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110283, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753393

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to characterize glycolic acid (GA) and examine its effects on powder and flexural strength of dentin. Particle size and energy-dispersive EDS in GA powder was performed for chemical analysis. Surface tension and pH levels of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), citric acid (CA), and GA solutions were evaluated at different times and temperatures. Dentin powder and mineralized dentin beams were immersed for 1 min in EDTA, CA, or GA solutions and subjected to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for apatite/collagen ratio analysis and 3-point flexure test, respectively. GA showed the largest particle size (µm), and its surface tension was similar to that of EDTA and CA. Surface tension decreased in solutions of higher concentrations. GA showed pH stability at all times and temperatures evaluated. The apatite/collagen ratio reduced with increased GA concentrations, while flexural strength was not significantly affected by GA concentration. GA seems a good choice as a final irrigation solution after root canal preparation.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Glicolatos/química , Ácido Cítrico/química , Colágeno/química , Colágeno/metabolismo , Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Edético/química , Resistência à Flexão , Glicolatos/farmacologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Tamanho da Partícula , Desnaturação Proteica , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Tensão Superficial , Temperatura
9.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 224-228, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965149

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of final irrigation protocols and type of resin cement on the bond strength of glass fiber posts (GFPs) in root dentin previously treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred root canals were prepared up to #4 Gates Glidden drill to receive the GFPs. All samples were subjected to PDT, and randomly divided into five groups (n = 20) according to final irrigation protocol: distilled water + ultrasonic activation [US]; 17% EDTA; QMix; 17% EDTA + US; and QMix + US. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups (n = 10) according to the type of resin cement used for cementation of GFPs: Rely-X ARC dual-resin; or Rely-X U200 (#M, St Paul, MN, USA) self-adhesive resin cement. Bond strength was evaluated using the push-out test. Failure patterns were observed under an optical microscope. Bond strengths were compared using two-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey post-hoc test; failure modes were compared using the chi-squared test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The use of US over final irrigants improved the bond strength of GFPs, regardless of resin cement used (p < 0.05). The type of resin cement did not influence the bond strength of GFPs (p < 0.05). There was a higher predominance of cohesive failure in all groups, regardless of resin cement tested (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of US on final irrigation improved the bond strength of GFPs, while the type of resin cement (dual or self-adhesive) did not influence the bond strength of GFPs in root dentin previously treated with PDT.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cimentos de Resina/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Biguanidas/farmacologia , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Polímeros/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ultrassom
10.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 100: 323-329, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948068

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of glycolic acid (GA) on the microhardness, roughness, dentin mineral content distribution; smear layer removal and cytotoxicity. One hundred human teeth were randomly divided into six groups: distilled water (control group), 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid (CA), 5% GA, 10% GA, and, 17% GA. Microhardness and roughness were measured in the canal lumen. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images (2000×) for smear layer removal evaluation; energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) for chemical analysis. Cell viability assay was made on fibroblast cells. The lowest microhardness and higher roughness were observed for 17% GA. GA showed the ability to remove the smear layer to a similar level as EDTA and CA, with no statistical difference between the concentrations used. GA and CA were cytotoxic in a dose-dependent manner. GA showed potential as an endodontic agent for final irrigation in root canal terapies.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Glicolatos/farmacologia , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Células 3T3 , Animais , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dureza , Humanos , Camundongos , Camada de Esfregaço/patologia
11.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 137-141, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer on bond strength of root filling material on root dentin previously treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred root canals were prepared up to #F3 file of Pro-Taper system to receive the root filling material. All samples were submitted to PDT and randomly divided into five groups (n = 20) according to final irrigation protocols: Group 1-distilled water + ultrasonic activation (US); Group 2-17% EDTA; Group 3-QMix; Group 4-17% EDTA + US; Group 5-QMix + US. Each group was randomly divided into two subgroups (n = 10), according to the endodontic sealer used for cementation of gutta-percha points: AH Plus or MTA Fillapex. The bond strength was evaluated by a push-out test. The patterns of failure were observed under optical microscopy. The bond strength was evaluated using a two-way Anova followed by the Tukey post-hoc test, and the failure mode was evaluated using the chi-square test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix associated or not to US improved the bond strength of root filling material with either endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). AH Plus showed higher bond strength than MTA Fillapex (p < 0.05). There was a higher predominance of cohesive failure in all groups, regardless of the tested final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix, regardless of association with US, and the use of AH Plus improve the bond strength of the root filling material on root dentin previously treated with PDT.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Biguanidas/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Resinas Epóxi/farmacologia , Guta-Percha/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Polímeros/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória
12.
Aust Endod J ; 45(2): 209-215, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30230647

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ultrasonic activation (US) over final irrigants on antimicrobial activity, smear layer removal and bond strength. The root canals of 180 extracted human teeth were distributed into three experimental tests (n = 60). In each test, the samples were subdivided into six groups (n = 10) according to final irrigation protocols: G1:distilled water (DW); G2:DW + US; G3:17% EDTA; G4:QMix; G5:17% EDTA + US; and G6:QMix + US. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by counting of colony-forming units (CFUs), the smear layer removal by scanning electron microscopy and the bond strength by push-out test. Statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation (α = 5%). Groups 4 and 6 provided higher bacterial reduction, groups 5 and 6 provided higher smear layer removal, groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 provided the higher bond strength (P < 0.05). US activation did not improve the antimicrobial activity and the bond strength, whereas it improved the smear layer removal.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Camada de Esfregaço , Cavidade Pulpar , Ácido Edético , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Ultrassom
13.
Braz Dent J ; 29(5): 459-464, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517444

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of grape seed extract (GSE), calcium hypochlorite [Ca(ClO)2], and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) irrigant solutions with rotary or reciprocating instrumentation for disinfection of root canals inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis. The mesiobuccal root canals of mandibular molars were prepared and inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis for 21 days. The roots were then randomly divided into the following eight experimental groups (n=11) according to the instrumentation technique and disinfection protocol: ProTaper Next or Reciproc R25 with sodium chloride (control group), 6% NaOCl, 6% Ca(ClO)2, or 50% GSE used for irrigation during instrumentation. The antimicrobial activity was determined on the basis of a reduction in colony-forming units (CFUs) counted on bacterial samples collected before and after root canal instrumentation and expressed as a percentage of reduction. Data were evaluated by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey HSD post-hoc tests (p<0.05). No significant differences were observed in bacterial reduction between the ProTaper Next and Reciproc R25 systems (p>0.05), regardless of the irrigant solution used. Furthermore, all active solutions (6% NaOCl, 50% GSE, and 6% Ca(ClO)2) showed similar potential to reduce bacterial counts (p>0.05) and were significantly more effective than sodium chloride (control) (p<0.05). The results suggest that the GSE and Ca(ClO)2 have potential clinical application as irrigant solutions in endodontic therapy since they present bactericidal efficacy against Enterococcus faecalis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Desinfecção/métodos , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas/química , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Dente Molar , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Células-Tronco
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 459-464, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-974175

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of grape seed extract (GSE), calcium hypochlorite [Ca(ClO)2], and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) irrigant solutions with rotary or reciprocating instrumentation for disinfection of root canals inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis. The mesiobuccal root canals of mandibular molars were prepared and inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis for 21 days. The roots were then randomly divided into the following eight experimental groups (n=11) according to the instrumentation technique and disinfection protocol: ProTaper Next or Reciproc R25 with sodium chloride (control group), 6% NaOCl, 6% Ca(ClO)2, or 50% GSE used for irrigation during instrumentation. The antimicrobial activity was determined on the basis of a reduction in colony-forming units (CFUs) counted on bacterial samples collected before and after root canal instrumentation and expressed as a percentage of reduction. Data were evaluated by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey HSD post-hoc tests (p<0.05). No significant differences were observed in bacterial reduction between the ProTaper Next and Reciproc R25 systems (p>0.05), regardless of the irrigant solution used. Furthermore, all active solutions (6% NaOCl, 50% GSE, and 6% Ca(ClO)2) showed similar potential to reduce bacterial counts (p>0.05) and were significantly more effective than sodium chloride (control) (p<0.05). The results suggest that the GSE and Ca(ClO)2 have potential clinical application as irrigant solutions in endodontic therapy since they present bactericidal efficacy against Enterococcus faecalis.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a eficácia do extrato de semente de uva (ESU), hipoclorito de cálcio [Ca(ClO)2] e hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) como soluções irrigadores quando utilizadas com instrumentos reciprocantes e rotatórios para desinfecção de canais radiculares infectados com Enterococcus faecalis. Raízes mesio-vestibulares de molares inferiores foram preparados e inoculados com E. faecalis por 21 dias. As raízes foram aleatoriamente divididas em 8 grupos (n=11) de acordo com a técnica de instrumentação e protocolo de irrigação: ProTaper Next ou Reciproc R25 associados com soro fisiológico (grupo controle), Ca(ClO)2 6%, NaOCl 6% ou ESU 50%. A atividade antimicrobiana foi determinada pela redução do número de Unidades Formadoras de Colonias (UFCs) coletadas antes e após a instrumentação e expressas em porcentagens de redução. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes ANOVA seguido pelo teste complementar de Tukey HSD (p<0,05). Não foi encontrado diferença estatisticamente significante na redução bacteriana entre os sistemas ProTaper Next e Reciproc R25 (p>0.05), independente da solução irrigadora usada. Além disso, todas as soluções ativas (NaOCl, ESU e Ca(ClO)2) mostraram similar potencial em reduzir a quantidade de bactérias (p>0.05) e foram significativamente mais efetivas que o soro fisiológico (p<0.05). Pode-se concluir que o ESU e o Ca(ClO)2 apresentam potencial para aplicação clínica como irrigantes endodônticos uma vez que apresentaram efetividade antimicrobiana contra o E. faecalis.

15.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 23: 347-352, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30053480

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of hypochlorite solutions and reciprocating instrumentation associated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred and thirty two root canals were enlarged up to #35 K-file and inoculated with E.faecalis for 14 days. The 132 samples were randomly divided into eleven groups (n = 12) and subjected to the following protocols: G1-distilled water + Reciproc R40 (control), G2-1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) + Reciproc R40, G3-2.5% NaOCl + Reciproc R40; G4-1% calcium hypochlorite (Ca[OCl]2) + Reciproc R40, G5-2.5% Ca(OCl)2 + Reciproc R40; G6-PDT; G7-distilled water + Reciproc R40 + PDT, G8-1% NaOCl + Reciproc R40 + PDT, G9-2.5% NaOCl + Reciproc R40 + PDT; G10-1% Ca(OCl)2 + Reciproc R40 + PDT, G11-2.5% Ca(OCl)2 + Reciproc R40 + PDT. The percentage bacterial reduction was checked by counting the colony-forming units (CFUs) in 10 samples of each group. The remaining 2 samples of each group were submitted to scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed treatments. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The greatest ability to promote bacterial reduction was observed in groups 8 (1% NaOCl + R40 + PDT), 9 (2.5% NaOCl + R40 + PDT), 10 (1% Ca[OCl]2 + R40 + PDT), and 11 (2.5% Ca[OCl]2 + R40 + PDT), with no significant difference between them (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The association of PDT with hypochlorite solutions and reciprocating instrumentation provides effective elimination of E.faecalis.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Hipocloroso/uso terapêutico , Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Carga Bacteriana , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/uso terapêutico
16.
J Conserv Dent ; 21(3): 269-273, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29899628

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the bacterial reduction achieved with reciprocating instruments such as Reciproc® R25 (VDW GMBH, Munich, Germany) and Reciproc® R25 combined with rotary file Mtwo 40.04 (VDW GMBH) during root canal preparation. Materials and Methods: Fifty mesiobuccal root canals of maxillary molars were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis broth culture and then an initial bacterial sample was collected from the root canal with paper cones and plated on brain-heart infusion agar. The root canals were divided into four groups as follows: Reciproc® R25 (n = 20) and Reciproc® R25 combined with Mtwo 40.04 instrument (n = 20). The negative controls consisted of five uncontaminated root canals and the positive control consisted of five contaminated roots that were not subjected to any decontamination procedure. Irrigation was performed using sodium chloride. After instrumentation, samples were collected with paper cones and the rate of bacterial reduction was calculated. Microbiological testing (colony-forming units [CFUs]) was performed to quantify the decontamination obtained by the proposed protocols. Statistical analysis was performed by paired t-test and analysis of variance test. Results: Both techniques significantly reduced the number of bacteria in the root canal (P < 0.05), with no significant difference among them (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The addition of the instrument Mtwo 40.04 after the root preparation with the instrument R25 does not improve its decontamination capability.

17.
RFO UPF ; 22(2): 255-260, 08/01/2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-877847

RESUMO

Objetivo: o objetivo do trabalho foi revisar a literatura e descrever as características microbiológicas, patológicas e clínicas do Enterococcus faecalis na Odontologia, a fim de justificar o seu uso em pesquisas microbiológicas na área da Endodontia. Revisão de literatura: E. faecalis são bactérias Gram-positivas que habitam o trato gastrointestinal e a cavidade oral de seres humanos. Esse patógeno possui requisitos específicos para estabelecer uma infecção endodôntica e manter a resposta inflamatória. Essa contaminação do canal pode aderir-se à parte mineral da dentina por meio do ácido lipopoliteicoico e ao colágeno pela substância de agregação. O isolamento do E. faecalis de canais radiculares em infecções persistentes está relacionado a casos assintomáticos e que exprimem o insucesso da terapia endodôntica, devido à baixa sensibilidade a agentes antimicrobianos e com a habilidade em inativá- -los, apresentando, assim, poucas exigências para o seu crescimento e desenvolvimento no sistema de canais radiculares. Considerações finais: a presente revisão de literatura permitiu concluir que, apesar de as infecções persistentes serem polimicrobianas, apresentam a predominância de E. faecalis. Esse micro-organismo apresenta características particulares quanto a patogê- nese, microbiologia e viabilidade aos procedimentos e biomateriais empregados na terapia endodôntica, ressaltando a importância da discussão dos seus fatores de virulência e a evolução da pesquisa nessa área.

18.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(2): 859-865, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28669105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chlorhexidine binds to dentine to provide sustained action. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the substantivity of chlorhexidine using manual, rotary, and reciprocating systems for root canal preparation. METHODS: Forty-five extracted human single-rooted teeth were used for this study. The samples were divided into three groups (n = 15) according to the instrumentation technique used: manual instrumentation (K-File), rotary instrumentation (ProTaper), and reciprocating instrumentation (Reciproc R25). Chlorhexidine gel (2%) was used as auxiliary chemical substance during root canal preparation. Longitudinal grooves were carved on the free surfaces of the roots, providing two halves of each root and resulting in 30 samples per group. Each group was randomly divided into three subgroups (n = 10), and substantivity was evaluated after 48 h, 7 days, and 30 days of incubation. The amount of CHX (in mg/mL) was measured through reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and the Tukey test for post hoc comparisons (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The manual did not show a statistical significant difference with rotary instrumentation (P > 0.05), but higher CHX substantivity was recorded in all periods of observation when compared to reciprocating instrumentation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The CHX substantivity on human dentine is lowest when using reciprocating compared to manual and rotary instrumentation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Using chemical analysis, this study showed that a manual and rotary multi-instrument system results in greater chlorhexidine substantivity on human dentin than a reciprocating single-instrument system.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/química , Clorexidina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Adulto , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Distribuição Aleatória , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação
19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 17: e18409, 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-970529

RESUMO

Aim: Modifications in the mechanical properties of dentin may reduce the fracture resistance of tooth, especially after endodontic treatment. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of the irrigation with different root canal irrigants on the microhardness of root dentin. Methods: The coronal portion of 60 single-rooted bovine incisors was sectioned and the pulpal tissue removed using endodontic K-files. The roots were cut transversely to obtain 2 fragments, which were embedded in acrylic resin and randomly distributed into six groups (n=20) according to the irrigation protocol: distilled water (DW) (control); 2% chlorhexidine solution (CHX); 6% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); 6% calcium hypochlorite (Ca[OCl]2); QMix; and 6.5% grape seed extract solution (GSE). The solutions were kept in contact with the root dentin specimens for 30 min. After that, irrigation with 5 mL of DW was performed. The Vickers microhardness was determined by performing three indentations in all specimens, using 300-g load and 20-second dwell time. The first indentation was made 1.000 µm from the root canal entrance, and two other indentations were made at a distance of 200 µm from each other. The microhardness value for each specimen was obtained as the average of the results for the three indentations. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA with 5% significance level. Results: All the tested irrigant solutions maintained the same microhardness level of the root dentin when compared to the control group, with no statistically significant differences between them (p<0.05) Conclusion: The tested irrigant solutions did not present ability to modify the microhardness of root dentin


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Clorexidina , Hipoclorito de Cálcio , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Dureza
20.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 19: 170-174, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28619615

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in vitro, the influence of the addition of chlorhexidine to photosensitiser in the antimicrobial activity of photodynamic therapy in root canals infected by Enterococcus faecalis. METHODS: The root canals of 50 single-rooted human extracted teeth were enlarged up to a file F3 of Pro-Taper system, autoclaved, inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and incubated for 14days. The samples were divided into five groups (n=10) according to the protocol of decontamination: G1 (control group) - no procedure was performed; G2-photosensitiser (0.01% methylene blue); G3-2% chlorhexidine gel; G4-photodynamic therapy; and G5-photodynamic therapy with photosensitiser modified by chlorhexidine. Microbiological test (CFU counting) was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of proposed treatments. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc Tukey test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Group 3 (CHX) showed the lowest mean contamination (2.03 log10 CFU/mL), being statistically different from all other all groups (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between groups 4 (PDT) and 5 (PDT+CHX) (p<0.05), being more effectives against E. faecalis when compared to groups 1 (NT) and 2 (MB), and less effective when compared to group 2 (CHX). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of chlorhexidine to photosensitiser did not result in a better decontamination potential of photodynamic therapy alone over root canals infected by E. faecalis.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Humanos , Azul de Metileno/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Células-Tronco
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