Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 70
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(44): 17703-17712, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603672

RESUMO

Physical adsorption of gas molecules in microporous materials is an exothermic process, with desorption entropy driving a decrease in uptake with temperature. Enhanced gas sorption with increasing temperature is rare in porous materials and is indicative of sorbate initiated structural change. Here, sorption of C2H6, C3H6, and C3H8 in a flexible microporous metal-organic framework (MOF) {Cu(FPBDC)]·DMF}n (NKU-FlexMOF-1) (H2FPBDC = 5-(5-fluoropyridin-3-yl)-1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid) that increases with rising temperature over a practically useful temperature and pressure range is reported along with other small molecule and hydrocarbon sorption isotherms. Single X-ray diffraction studies, temperature-dependent gas sorption isotherms, in situ and variable temperature powder X-ray diffraction experiments, and electronic structure calculations were performed to characterize the conformation-dependent sorption behavior in NKU-FlexMOF-1. In total, the data supports that the atypical sorption behavior is a result of loading-dependent structural changes in the flexible framework of NKU-FlexMOF-1 induced by sorbate-specific guest-framework interactions. The sorbates cause subtle adaptations of the framework distinct to each sorbate providing an induced-fit separation mechanism to resolve chemically similar hydrocarbons through highly specific sorbate-sorbent interactions. The relevant intermolecular contacts are shown to be predominantly repulsion and dispersion interactions. NKU-FlexMOF-1 is also found to be stable in aqueous solutions including toleration of pH changes. These experiments demonstrate the potential of this flexible microporous MOF for cost and energy efficient industrial hydrocarbon separation and purification processes. The efficacy for the separation of C3H6/C3H8 mixtures is explicitly demonstrated using NKU-FlexMOF-1a (i.e., activated NKU-FlexMOF-1) for a particular useful temperature range.

2.
Science ; 366(6462): 241-246, 2019 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601769

RESUMO

Purification of ethylene (C2H4), the largest-volume product of the chemical industry, currently involves energy-intensive processes such as chemisorption (CO2 removal), catalytic hydrogenation (C2H2 conversion), and cryogenic distillation (C2H6 separation). Although advanced physisorbent or membrane separation could lower the energy input, one-step removal of multiple impurities, especially trace impurities, has not been feasible. We introduce a synergistic sorbent separation method for the one-step production of polymer-grade C2H4 from ternary (C2H2/C2H6/C2H4) or quaternary (CO2/C2H2/C2H6/C2H4) gas mixtures with a series of physisorbents in a packed-bed geometry. We synthesized ultraselective microporous metal-organic materials that were readily regenerated, including one that was selective for C2H6 over CO2, C2H2, and C2H4.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 58(17): 11553-11560, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398018

RESUMO

In the context of porous crystalline materials toward CO2 separation and capture, a new 2-fold interpenetrated 3D microporous Co-MOF, IITKGP-11 (IITKGP denotes Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur), has been synthesized consisting of a 1D channel of ∼3.6 × 5.0 Å2 along the [101] direction with a cavity volume of 35.20%. This microporous framework with a BET surface area of 253 m2g-1 shows higher uptake of CO2 (under 1 bar, 3.35 and 2.70 mmol g-1 at 273 and 295 K, respectively), with high separation selectivities for CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 gas mixtures under ambient conditions as estimated through IAST calculation. Moreover, real time dynamic breakthrough studies reveal the high adsorption selectivity toward CO2 for these binary mixed gases at 295 K and 1 bar. Besides high gas separation selectivity, capacity considerations in mixed gas phases are also important to check the performance of a given adsorbent. CO2 loading amounts in mixed gas phases are quite high as predicted through IAST calculation and experimentally determined from dynamic breakthrough studies. In order to get insight into the phenomena, GCMC simulation was performed demonstrating that the CO2 molecules are electrostatically trapped via interactions between oxygen on CO2 and hydrogen on pyridyl moieties of the spacers.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(26): 23192-23197, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184107

RESUMO

Inspired by the structure of carbonic anhydrase, we developed a robust ultramicroporous lanthanide metal-organic framework (MOF) platform (NKMOF-3-Ln), which possesses a porous pocket to selectively bind with CO2 at ambient conditions. Notably, CO2 molecules can be precisely observed in the single-crystal structure of NKMOF-3-Ln. Highly ordered CO2 molecules can strongly interact with the framework via electrostatic interaction of nitrates. We found that the CO2 adsorption capacity and binding energy were gradually enhanced as lanthanide contraction. The strong CO2 binding affinity endows NKMOF-3-Ln with excellent CO2 separation performance, which is verified by experimental breakthrough results. Moreover, because of the specific binding affinity of CO2, NKMOF-3-Eu showed a fluorescence response to CO2.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(30): 10209-10214, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059186

RESUMO

Simultaneous removal of trace amounts of propyne and propadiene from propylene is an important but challenging industrial process. We report herein a class of microporous metal-organic frameworks (NKMOF-1-M) with exceptional water stability and remarkably high uptakes for both propyne and propadiene at low pressures. NKMOF-1-M separated a ternary propyne/propadiene/propylene (0.5 : 0.5 : 99.0) mixture with the highest reported selectivity for the production of polymer-grade propylene (99.996 %) at ambient temperature, as attributed to its strong binding affinity for propyne and propadiene over propylene. Moreover, we were able to visualize propyne and propadiene molecules in the single-crystal structure of NKMOF-1-M through a convenient approach under ambient conditions, which helped to precisely understand the binding sites and affinity for propyne and propadiene. These results provide important guidance on using ultramicroporous MOFs as physisorbent materials.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(30): 10138-10141, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115966

RESUMO

As a major greenhouse gas, methane, which is directly vented from the coal-mine to the atmosphere, has not yet drawn sufficient attention. To address this problem, we report a methane nano-trap that features oppositely adjacent open metal sites and dense alkyl groups in a metal-organic framework (MOF). The alkyl MOF-based methane nano-trap exhibits a record-high methane uptake and CH4 /N2 selectivity at 298 K and 1 bar. The methane molecules trapped within the alkyl MOF were crystalographically identified by single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments, which in combination with molecular simulation studies unveiled the methane adsorption mechanism within the MOF-based nano-trap. The IAST calculations and the breakthrough experiments revealed that the alkyl MOF-based methane nano-trap is a new benchmark for CH4 /N2 separation, thereby providing a new perspective for capturing methane from coal-mine methane to recover fuel and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(22): 3219-3222, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806425

RESUMO

Industrial specifications require CO2 concentrations in natural gas below 50 ppm during liquefaction because of corrosion and CO2 freezing. Herein, we report a physisorbent (TIFSIX-3-Ni) that exhibits new benchmark CO2/CH4 selectivity and fast kinetics, thereby enabling one-step LNG processing to CO2 levels of 25 ppm.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(34): 10971-10975, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972279

RESUMO

Highly selective separation and/or purification of acetylene from various gas mixtures is a relevant and difficult challenge that currently requires costly and energy-intensive chemisorption processes. Two ultramicroporous metal-organic framework physisorbents, NKMOF-1-M (M=Cu or Ni), offer high hydrolytic stability and benchmark selectivity towards acetylene versus several gases at ambient temperature. The performance of NKMOF-1-M is attributed to their exceptional acetylene binding affinity as revealed by modelling and several experimental studies: in situ single-crystal X-ray diffraction, FTIR, and gas mixture breakthrough tests. NKMOF-1-M exhibit better low-pressure uptake than existing physisorbents and possesses the highest selectivities yet reported for C2 H2 /CO2 and C2 H2 /CH4 . The performance of NKMOF-1-M is not driven by the same mechanism as current benchmark physisorbents that rely on pore walls lined by inorganic anions.

9.
Sci Adv ; 4(4): eaaq1636, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29719864

RESUMO

Shape-memory effects are quite well-studied in general, but there is only one reported example in the context of porous materials. We report the second example of a porous coordination network that exhibits a sorbate-induced shape-memory effect and the first in which multiple sorbates, N2, CO2 and CO promote this effect. The material, a new threefold interpenetrated pcu network, [Zn2(4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylate)2(1,4-bis(4-pyridyl)benzene)]n (X-pcu-3-Zn-3i), exhibits three distinct phases: the as-synthesized α phase; a denser-activated ß phase; and a shape-memory γ phase, which is intermediate in density between the α and ß phases. The γ phase is kinetically stable over multiple adsorption/desorption cycles and only reverts to the ß phase when heated at >400 K under vacuum. The α phase can be regenerated by soaking the γ phase in N,N'-dimethylformamide. Single-crystal x-ray crystallography studies of all three phases provide insight into the shape-memory phenomenon by revealing the nature of interactions between interpenetrated networks. The ß and γ phases were further investigated by in situ coincidence powder x-ray diffraction, and their sorption isotherms were replicated by density functional theory calculations. Analysis of the structural information concerning the three phases of X-pcu-3-Zn-3i enabled us to understand structure-function relationships and propose crystal engineering principles for the design of more examples of shape-memory porous materials.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(20): 5684-5689, 2018 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575465

RESUMO

Herein, we report that a new flexible coordination network, NiL2 (L=4-(4-pyridyl)-biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid), with diamondoid topology switches between non-porous (closed) and several porous (open) phases at specific CO2 and CH4 pressures. These phases are manifested by multi-step low-pressure isotherms for CO2 or a single-step high-pressure isotherm for CH4 . The potential methane working capacity of NiL2 approaches that of compressed natural gas but at much lower pressures. The guest-induced phase transitions of NiL2 were studied by single-crystal XRD, in situ variable pressure powder XRD, synchrotron powder XRD, pressure-gradient differential scanning calorimetry (P-DSC), and molecular modeling. The detailed structural information provides insight into the extreme flexibility of NiL2 . Specifically, the extended linker ligand, L, undergoes ligand contortion and interactions between interpenetrated networks or sorbate-sorbent interactions enable the observed switching.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(28): 3488-3491, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29561019

RESUMO

Phases of a 2-fold pcu hybrid ultramicroporous material (HUM), SIFSIX-14-Cu-i, exhibiting 99%, 93%, 89%, and 70% partial interpenetration have been obtained. 1 : 99 C2H2/C2H4 gas separation studies reveal that as the proportion of interpenetrated component decreases, so does the separation performance.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(17): 4657-4662, 2018 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457972

RESUMO

A majority of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) fail to preserve their physical and chemical properties after exposure to acidic, neutral, or alkaline aqueous solutions, therefore limiting their practical applications in many areas. The strategy demonstrated herein is the design and synthesis of an organic ligand that behaves as a buffer to drastically boost the aqueous stability of a porous MOF (JUC-1000), which maintains its structural integrity at low and high pH values. The local buffer environment resulting from the weak acid-base pairs of the custom-designed organic ligand also greatly facilitates the performance of JUC-1000 in the chemical fixation of carbon dioxide under ambient conditions, outperforming a series of benchmark catalysts.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(13): 3332-3336, 2018 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29377460

RESUMO

Removal of CO2 from CO gas mixtures is a necessary but challenging step during production of ultra-pure CO as processed from either steam reforming of hydrocarbons or CO2 reduction. Herein, two hybrid ultramicroporous materials (HUMs), SIFSIX-3-Ni and TIFSIX-2-Cu-i, which are known to exhibit strong affinity for CO2 , were examined with respect to their performance for this separation. The single-gas CO sorption isotherms of these HUMs were measured for the first time and are indicative of weak affinity for CO and benchmark CO2 /CO selectivity (>4000 for SIFSIX-3-Ni). This prompted us to conduct dynamic breakthrough experiments and compare performance with other porous materials. Ultra-pure CO (99.99 %) was thereby obtained from CO gas mixtures containing both trace (1 %) and bulk (50 %) levels of CO2 in a one-step physisorption-based separation process.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(3): 1761-1777, 2018 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29270586

RESUMO

Grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations of gas sorption were performed in Cu-TDPAH, also known as rht-MOF-9, hereafter [1], a metal-organic framework (MOF) with rht topology consisting of Cu2+ ions coordinated to 2,5,8-tris(3,5-dicarboxyphenylamino)-1,3,4,6,7,9,9b-heptaazaphenalene (TDPAH) ligands. This MOF is notable for the presence of open-metal copper sites and high nitrogen content on the linkers. [1] Exhibits one of the highest experimental H2 uptakes at 77 K/1 atm within the extant rht-MOF family (ca. 2.72 wt%) and also has strong affinity for CO2 (5.83 mmol g-1 at 298 K/1 atm). Our simulations, which include explicit many-body polarization interactions, accurately modeled macroscopic thermodynamic properties (e.g., sorption isotherms and isosteric heats of adsorption (Qst)) as well as the binding sites for H2, CO2, CH4, C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6 in the MOF. Four different binding sites were observed through analysis of the radial distribution function (g(r)) about the two chemically distinct Cu2+ ions, simulated annealing calculations, and examination of the three-dimensional histogram showing the sites of occupancy: (1) at the Cu2+ ion facing toward the center of the linker (CuL), (2) at the Cu2+ ion facing away from the center of linker (CuC), (3) nestled between three [Cu2(O2CR)4] units in the corner of the truncated tetrahedral (T-Td) cage and (4) straddling the copper nuclei parallel to the axis of the Cu-Cu bond within the T-Td cage. The low-loading (initial) binding site in the MOF is highly sensitive to the partial charges of the Cu2+ ions that were used for parametrization. It was discovered that most sorbates prefer to sorb onto or near the Cu2+ ions that exhibit the greater partial positive charge (i.e., at site 1). The simulated H2 and CO2 sorption results obtained using a polarizable potential for the respective sorbates are in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data, especially near ambient pressure. Simulations of gas sorption were also performed in [1] using nonpolarizable potentials for the individual sorbates; these include potentials from the TraPPE force field for most sorbates.

15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(43): 29204-29221, 2017 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29067398

RESUMO

Simulations of CO2 and H2 sorption were performed in an rht-metal-organic framework (MOF) that consists of Cu2+ ions coordinated to 5,5',5''-(4,4',4''-(benzene-1,3,5-triyl)tris(1H-1,2,3-triazole-4,1-diyl))triisophthalate (BTTI) linkers; it is referred to as Cu-BTTI herein. This MOF was previously synthesized and reported by three different experimental groups [Zhao et al., Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, 1149; Schröder et al., Chem. Sci., 2013, 4, 1731-1736; Hupp et al., Energy Environ. Sci., 2013, 6, 1158-1163]. This MOF is notable for the presence of open-metal sites and nitrogen-rich regions through the copper paddlewheel ([Cu2(O2CR)4]) clusters and 1,2,3-triazole groups, respectively, which allows this material to display remarkable CO2 and H2 sorption properties. All three groups report distinct experimental and theoretical gas sorption results for the MOF. In contrast to the force fields utilized in the aforementioned studies, our simulations include explicit many-body polarization interactions, which was important to reproduce sorption onto the open-metal sites. Simulations using polarizable potentials for the MOF and sorbates generated sorption isotherms and isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst) values that are outstanding agreement with the corresponding experimental data for all three groups; this is in contrast to the theoretical results presented in the respective original references. The simulations carried out in the previous studies often looked reasonable but they missed a key feature of the sorption process that lead to unreliable results. Analysis of the radial distribution function (g(r)) about the open-metal sites and examination of the modeled structure reveal that the CO2 and H2 molecules prefer to sorb onto two unique types of Cu2+ ions that exhibit the highest partial positive charges. Sorption was also observed within the corners of the truncated tetrahedral (T-Td) cages and onto the 1,2,3-triazole groups of the linkers for both sorbates. Overall, this study demonstrates how utilizing a classical polarizable force field led to the reproduction of experimental observables and allowed for an accurate description of the sorption mechanism in this MOF that is an important member of the rht-MOF family.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(84): 11592-11595, 2017 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28990607

RESUMO

Fine-tuning of hybrid ultramicroporous materials (HUMs) can significantly impact their gas sorption performance. This study reveals that offset interpenetration can be antagonistic with respect to C2H2 separation from C2H2/C2H4 gas mixtures.

17.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(28): 18587-18602, 2017 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28686253

RESUMO

Simulations of CO2 and H2 sorption were performed in UTSA-20, a metal-organic framework (MOF) having zyg topology and composed of Cu2+ ions coordinated to 3,3',3'',5,5',5''-benzene-1,3,5-triyl-hexabenzoate (BHB) linkers. Previous experimental studies have shown that this MOF displays remarkable CO2 sorption properties and exhibits one of the highest gravimetric H2 uptakes at 77 K/1.0 atm (2.9 wt%) [Z. Guo, et al. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2011, 50, 3178-3181]. For both sorbates, the simulations were executed with the inclusion of explicit many-body polarization interactions, which was necessary to reproduce sorption onto the open-metal sites. Non-polarizable potentials were also utilized for simulations of CO2 sorption as a control. The simulated excess sorption isotherms for both CO2 and H2 are in very good agreement with the corresponding experimental data over a wide range of temperatures and pressures, thus demonstrating the accuracy and predictive power of the polarizable potentials used herein. The theoretical isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst) values are also in good agreement with the newly reported experimental Qst values for the respective sorbates in UTSA-20. Sorption onto the more positively charged Cu2+ ion of the [Cu2(O2CR)4] cluster was observed for both CO2 and H2. However, a binding site with energetics comparable to that for an open-metal site was also discovered for both sorbates. A radial distribution function (g(r)) analysis about the preferential Cu2+ ions for CO2 and H2 revealed that both sorbates display different trends for the relative occupancy about such sites upon increasing/decreasing the pressure in the MOF. Overall, this study provides insights into the CO2 and H2 sorption mechanisms in this MOF containing open-metal sites and small pore sizes for the first time through a classical polarizable force field.

18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(38): 11426-11430, 2017 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28707307

RESUMO

We present a crystal engineering strategy to fine tune the pore chemistry and CH4 -storage performance of a family of isomorphic MOFs based upon PCN-14. These MOFs exhibit similar pore size, pore surface, and surface area (around 3000 m2 g-1 ) and were prepared with the goal to enhance CH4 working capacity. [Cu2 (L2)(H2 O)2 ]n (NJU-Bai 41: NJU-Bai for Nanjing University Bai's group), [Cu2 (L3)(H2 O)2 ]n (NJU-Bai 42), and [Cu2 (L4)(DMF)2 ]n (NJU-Bai 43) were prepared and we observed that the CH4 volumetric working capacity and volumetric uptake values are influenced by subtle changes in structure and chemistry. In particular, the CH4 working capacity of NJU-Bai 43 reaches 198 cm3 (STP: 273.15 K, 1 atm) cm-3 at 298 K and 65 bar, which is amongst the highest reported for MOFs under these conditions and is much higher than the corresponding value for PCN-14 (157 cm3 (STP) cm-3 ).

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(20): 13075-13082, 2017 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28484768

RESUMO

A combined inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and theoretical study was carried out on H2 adsorbed in two covalent organic framework (COF) materials: COF-1 and COF-102. These COFs are synthesized from self-condensation reactions of 1,4-benzenediboronic acid (BDBA) and tetra(4-(dihydroxy)borylphenyl)methane (TBPM) molecules, respectively. Molecular simulations of H2 adsorption in COF-1 revealed that the H2 molecules occupy the region between two eclipsed layers of the COF. The most favorable H2 binding site in COF-1 is located between two B3O3 clusters of the eclipsed layers. Two distinct H2 binding sites were identified in COF-102 from the simulations: the B3O3 clusters and the phenyl rings of the tetraphenylmethyl units. Two-dimensional quantum rotation calculations for H2 adsorbed at the considered sites in both COFs resulted in rotational transitions that are in good agreement with those that appear in the corresponding INS spectra. Such calculations were important for interpreting the INS spectra in these materials. Calculation of the rotational potential energy surface for H2 bound at the most favorable adsorption site in COF-1 and COF-102 revealed unusually high rotational barriers that are attributed to the nature of the B3O3 rings. The values for these barriers to rotation are greater than or comparable to those observed in some metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that possess open-metal sites. This study demonstrates the power of using INS experiments in conjunction with theoretical calculations to gain valuable insights into the nature of the binding sites and, for the first time, the rotational dynamics of H2 adsorbed in COFs.

20.
Chem Sci ; 8(3): 2373-2380, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28451342

RESUMO

Dynamic and flexible metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that respond to external stimuli, such as stress, light, heat, and the presence of guest molecules, hold promise for applications in chemical sensing, drug delivery, gas separations, and catalysis. A greater understanding of the relationship between flexible constituents in MOFs and gas adsorption may enable the rational design of MOFs with dynamic moieties and stimuli-responsive behavior. Here, we detail the effect of subtle structural changes upon the gas sorption behavior of two "SIFSIX" pillared square grid frameworks, namely SIFSIX-3-M (M = Ni, Fe). We observe a pronounced inflection in the Xe adsorption isotherm in the Ni variant. With evidence from X-ray diffraction studies, density functional theory, and molecular simulations, we attribute the inflection to a disordered to ordered transition of the rotational configurations of the pyrazine rings induced by sorbate-sorbent interactions. We also address the effect of cage size, temperature, and sorbate on the guest-induced ring rotation and the adsorption isotherms. The absence of an inflection in the Xe adsorption isotherm in SIFSIX-3-Fe and in the Kr, N2, and CO2 adsorption isotherms in SIFSIX-3-Ni suggest that the inflection is highly sensitive to the match between the size of the cage and the guest molecule.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA