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1.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 172, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481006

RESUMO

Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the co-authors has a mistake in the author name; the middle name and surname are switched. This is the correct information.

2.
Platelets ; : 1-9, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516061

RESUMO

Coagulation disorders and thrombocytopenia are common in patients with septic shock, but only few studies have focused on platelet variables beyond platelet count. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether platelets reactivity predicts sepsis-induced thrombocytopenia in patients with septic shock. We therefore enrolled consecutive patients with septic shock and platelets count >150*103/µL on the day of the diagnosis. Platelets reactivity tests were performed daily from the diagnosis of septic shock until day five; platelet volume distribution and mean platelet volume were also recorded daily. Sepsis-induced thrombocytopenia was defined as a platelet count <150*103/µL. Thirty patients were included; sepsis-induced thrombocytopenia occurred in 11 (31%) patients. Platelets reactivity and platelet count at day of septic shock diagnosis were not correlated. Patients who experienced thrombocytopenia had lower maximal aggregation at diagnosis than others. Maximal aggregation tests were predictors of thrombocytopenia (AUROC from 0.756 to 0.797, depending on the agonist used). Both platelet volume distribution width and mean platelet volume were predictors of 90-day mortality (AUROC 0.866 and 0.735, respectively). In this pilot study, impaired platelets reactivity was more common in patients who subsequently developed sepsis-induced thrombocytopenia; also, platelet volume distribution width and mean platelet volume were predictors of 90-day mortality.

3.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 140, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive radiation-free monitoring technique that provides images based on tissue electrical conductivity of the chest. Several investigations applied EIT in the context of perioperative medicine, which is not confined to the intraoperative period but begins with the preoperative assessment and extends to postoperative follow-up. MAIN BODY: EIT could provide careful respiratory monitoring in the preoperative assessment to improve preparation for surgery, during anaesthesia to guide optimal ventilation strategies and to monitor the hemodynamic status and in the postoperative period for early detection of respiratory complications. Moreover, EIT could further enhance care of patients undergoing perioperative diagnostic procedures. This narrative review summarizes the latest evidence on the application of this technique to the surgical patient, focusing also on possible future perspectives. CONCLUSIONS: EIT is a promising technique for the perioperative assessment of surgical patients, providing tailored adaptive respiratory and haemodynamic monitoring. Further studies are needed to address the current technological limitations, confirm the findings and evaluate which patients can benefit more from this technology.

5.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(10): 2685-2694, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reducing mortality is a key target in critical care and perioperative medicine. The authors aimed to identify all nonsurgical interventions (drugs, techniques, strategies) shown by randomized trials to increase mortality in these clinical settings. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature followed by a consensus-based voting process. SETTING: A web-based international consensus conference. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty-one physicians from 46 countries. INTERVENTIONS: The authors performed a systematic literature search and identified all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a significant increase in unadjusted landmark mortality among surgical or critically ill patients. The authors reviewed such studies during a meeting by a core group of experts. Studies selected after such review advanced to web-based voting by clinicians in relation to agreement, clinical practice, and willingness to include each intervention in international guidelines. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The authors selected 12 RCTs dealing with 12 interventions increasing mortality: diaspirin-crosslinked hemoglobin (92% of agreement among web voters), overfeeding, nitric oxide synthase inhibitor in septic shock, human growth hormone, thyroxin in acute kidney injury, intravenous salbutamol in acute respiratory distress syndrome, plasma-derived protein C concentrate, aprotinin in high-risk cardiac surgery, cysteine prodrug, hypothermia in meningitis, methylprednisolone in traumatic brain injury, and albumin in traumatic brain injury (72% of agreement). Overall, a high consistency (ranging from 80% to 90%) between agreement and clinical practice was observed. CONCLUSION: The authors identified 12 clinical interventions showing increased mortality supported by randomized controlled trials with nonconflicting evidence, and wide agreement upon clinicians on a global scale.

6.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(9): 2492-2502, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928294

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this clinical trial is to examine whether it is possible to reduce postoperative complications using an individualized perioperative ventilatory strategy versus using a standard lung-protective ventilation strategy in patients scheduled for thoracic surgery requiring one-lung ventilation. DESIGN: International, multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: A network of university hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprises 1,380 patients scheduled for thoracic surgery. INTERVENTIONS: The individualized group will receive intraoperative recruitment maneuvers followed by individualized positive end-expiratory pressure (open lung approach) during the intraoperative period plus postoperative ventilatory support with high-flow nasal cannula, whereas the control group will be managed with conventional lung-protective ventilation. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Individual and total number of postoperative complications, including atelectasis, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, pneumonia, acute lung injury; unplanned readmission and reintubation; length of stay and death in the critical care unit and in the hospital will be analyzed for both groups. The authors hypothesize that the intraoperative application of an open lung approach followed by an individual indication of high-flow nasal cannula in the postoperative period will reduce pulmonary complications and length of hospital stay in high-risk surgical patients.

7.
Crit Care ; 23(1): 119, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pressure-volume (P-V) curve has been suggested as a bedside tool to set mechanical ventilation; however, it reflects a global behavior of the lung without giving information on the regional mechanical properties. Regional P-V (PVr) curves derived from electrical impedance tomography (EIT) could provide valuable clinical information at bedside, being able to explore the regional mechanics of the lung. In the present study, we hypothesized that regional P-V curves would provide different information from those obtained from global P-V curves, both in terms of upper and lower inflection points. Therefore, we constructed pressure-volume curves for each pixel row from non-dependent to dependent lung regions of patients affected by acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: We analyzed slow-inflation P-V maneuvers data from 12 mechanically ventilated patients. During the inflation, the pneumotachograph was used to record flow and airway pressure while the EIT signals were recorded digitally. From each maneuver, global respiratory system P-V curve (PVg) and PVr curves were obtained, each one corresponding to a pixel row within the EIT image. PVg and PVr curves were fitted using a sigmoidal equation, and the upper (UIP) and lower (LIP) inflection points for each curve were mathematically identified; LIP and UIP from PVg were respectively called LIPg and UIPg. From each measurement, the highest regional LIP (LIPrMAX) and the lowest regional UIP (UIPrMIN) were identified and the pressure difference between those two points was defined as linear driving pressure (ΔPLIN). RESULTS: A significant difference (p < 0.001) was found between LIPrMAX (15.8 [9.2-21.1] cmH2O) and LIPg (2.9 [2.2-8.9] cmH2O); in all measurements, the LIPrMAX was higher than the corresponding LIPg. We found a significant difference (p < 0.005) between UIPrMIN (30.1 [23.5-37.6] cmH2O) and UIPg (40.5 [34.2-45] cmH2O), the UIPrMIN always being lower than the corresponding UIPg. Median ΔPLIN was 12.6 [7.4-20.8] cmH2O and in 56% of cases was < 14 cmH2O. CONCLUSIONS: Regional inflection points derived by EIT show high variability reflecting lung heterogeneity. Regional P-V curves obtained by EIT could convey more sensitive information than global lung mechanics on the pressures within which all lung regions express linear compliance. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02907840 . Registered on 20 September 2016.

8.
Minerva Anestesiol ; 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) value is gaining popularity as a prognostic factor in critically ill patients. However, its role in transfused patients is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) on ICU admission for 90-day mortality among either transfused or non-transfused critically ill patients. METHODS: This observational cohort study includes 286 patients with at least 48 hours of ICU length of stay. Patients were analyzed separately in two groups, depending on whether or not they were transfused in the last 72 hours before ICU admission. RESULTS: One hundred seventeen (117) patients (41%) were transfused. Patients with high RDW on admission (n=181, 63%) had higher 90-day mortality both in non-transfused (26/87, 30% vs. 12/82, 14% p=0.03) or transfused (39/94, 41% vs. 2/23, 8% p=0.003) patients. The area under the curve (AUC) of admission RDW values to predict 90-day mortality was 0.660 and 0.610 for non- transfused and transfused patients, respectively. The Youden index analysis showed that a RDW value of 14.3% was the best cut-off to predict mortality in the non-transfused group, while 15.3% was the best cut-off in the transfused group. CONCLUSIONS: High RDW values on ICU admission are independently associated with 90-day mortality in critically ill patients regardless of previous RBC transfusion. However, we identified two different cut-offs of "high RDW" to be used in ICU in transfused and non-transfused patients.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(4)2019 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30769810

RESUMO

Several studies showed that hydroxyethyl starch (HES), a synthetic colloid used in volume replacement therapies, interferes with leukocyte-endothelium interactions. Although still unclear, the mechanism seems to involve the inhibition of neutrophils' integrin. With the aim to provide direct evidence of the binding of HES to neutrophils and to investigate the influence of HES on neutrophil chemotaxis, we isolated and treated the cells with different concentrations of fluorescein-conjugated HES (HES-FITC), with or without different stimuli (N-Formylmethionine-leucyl-phenylalanine, fMLP, or IL-8). HES internalization was evaluated by trypan blue quenching and ammonium chloride treatment. Chemotaxis was evaluated by under-agarose assay after pretreatment of the cells with HES or a balanced saline solution. The integrin interacting with HES was identified by using specific blocking antibodies. Our results showed that HES-FITC binds to the plasma membrane of neutrophils without being internalized. Additionally, the cell-associated fluorescence increased after stimulation of neutrophils with fMLP (p < 0.01) but not IL-8. HES treatment impaired the chemotaxis only towards fMLP, event mainly ascribed to the inhibition of CD-11b (Mac-1 integrin) activity. Therefore, the observed effect mediated by HES should be taken into account during volume replacement therapies. Thus, HES treatment could be advantageous in clinical conditions where a low activation/recruitment of neutrophils may be beneficial, but may be harmful when unimpaired immune functions are mandatory.


Assuntos
Quimiotaxia de Leucócito/efeitos dos fármacos , Derivados de Hidroxietil Amido/farmacologia , Antígeno de Macrófago 1/genética , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiotaxia de Leucócito/genética , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato/química , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato/farmacologia , Humanos , Derivados de Hidroxietil Amido/química , Interleucina-8/química , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Antígeno de Macrófago 1/química , N-Formilmetionina Leucil-Fenilalanina/farmacologia , Neutrófilos/química
10.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(5): 1430-1439, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600204

RESUMO

The authors aimed to identify interventions documented by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that reduce mortality in adult critically ill and perioperative patients, followed by a survey of clinicians' opinions and routine practices to understand the clinicians' response to such evidence. The authors performed a comprehensive literature review to identify all topics reported to reduce mortality in perioperative and critical care settings according to at least 2 RCTs or to a multicenter RCT or to a single-center RCT plus guidelines. The authors generated position statements that were voted on online by physicians worldwide for agreement, use, and willingness to include in international guidelines. From 262 RCT manuscripts reporting mortality differences in the perioperative and critically ill settings, the authors selected 27 drugs, techniques, and strategies (66 RCTs, most frequently published by the New England Journal of Medicine [13 papers], Lancet [7], and Journal of the American Medical Association [5]) with an agreement ≥67% from over 250 physicians (46 countries). Noninvasive ventilation was the intervention supported by the largest number of RCTs (n = 13). The concordance between agreement and use (a positive answer both to "do you agree" and "do you use") showed differences between Western and other countries and between anesthesiologists and intensive care unit physicians. The authors identified 27 clinical interventions with randomized evidence of survival benefit and strong clinician support in support of their potential life-saving properties in perioperative and critically ill patients with noninvasive ventilation having the highest level of support. However, clinician views appear affected by specialty and geographical location.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Internet , Médicos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cuidados Críticos/tendências , Estado Terminal/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Internet/tendências , Mortalidade/tendências , Médicos/tendências
11.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 29(1): 010703, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30591813

RESUMO

Introduction: Statin therapy is often associated with muscle complaints and increased serum creatine kinase (CK). However, although essential in determining muscle damage, this marker is not specific for skeletal muscle. Recent studies on animal models have shown that slow and fast isoforms of skeletal troponin I (ssTnI and fsTnI, respectively) can be useful markers of skeletal muscle injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of ssTnI and fsTnI as markers to monitor the statin-induced skeletal muscle damage. Materials and methods: A total of 51 patients (14 using and 37 not using statins) admitted to the intensive care unit of the University of Ferrara Academic Hospital were included in this observational study. Serum activities of CK, aldolase, alanine aminotransferase and myoglobin were determined by spectrophotometric assays or routine laboratory analysis. Isoforms ssTnI and fsTnI were determined by commercially available ELISAs. The creatine kinase MB isoform (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) were evaluated as biomarkers of cardiac muscle damage by automatic analysers. Results: Among the non-specific markers, only CK was significantly higher in statin users (P = 0.027). Isoform fsTnI, but not ssTnI, was specifically increased in those patients using statins (P = 0.009) evidencing the major susceptibility of fast-twitch fibres towards statins. Sub-clinical increase in fsTnI, but not CK, was more frequent in statin users (P = 0.007). Cardiac markers were not significantly altered by statins confirming the selectivity of the effect on skeletal muscle. Conclusions: Serum fsTnI could be a good marker for monitoring statin-associated muscular damage outperforming traditional markers.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Creatina Quinase/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Projetos Piloto
12.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 18(1): 156, 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30382819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During thoracic surgery in lateral decubitus, one lung ventilation (OLV) may impair respiratory mechanics and gas exchange. We tested a strategy based on an open lung approach (OLA) consisting in lung recruitment immediately followed by a decremental positive-end expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration to the best respiratory system compliance (CRS) and separately quantified the elastic properties of the lung and the chest wall. Our hypothesis was that this approach would improve gas exchange. Further, we were interested in documenting the impact of the OLA on partitioned respiratory system mechanics. METHODS: In thirteen patients undergoing upper left lobectomy we studied lung and chest wall mechanics, transpulmonary pressure (PL), respiratory system and transpulmonary driving pressure (ΔPRS and ΔPL), gas exchange and hemodynamics at two time-points (a) during OLV at zero end-expiratory pressure (OLVpre-OLA) and (b) after the application of the open-lung strategy (OLVpost-OLA). RESULTS: The external PEEP selected through the OLA was 6 ± 0.8 cmH2O. As compared to OLVpre-OLA, the PaO2/FiO2 ratio went from 205 ± 73 to 313 ± 86 (p = .05) and CL increased from 56 ± 18 ml/cmH2O to 71 ± 12 ml/cmH2O (p = .0013), without changes in CCW. Both ΔPRS and ΔPL decreased from 9.2 ± 0.4 cmH2O to 6.8 ± 0.6 cmH2O and from 8.1 ± 0.5 cmH2O to 5.7 ± 0.5 cmH2O, (p = .001 and p = .015 vs OLVpre-OLA), respectively. Hemodynamic parameters remained stable throughout the study period. CONCLUSIONS: In our patients, the OLA strategy performed during OLV improved oxygenation and increased CL and had no clinically significant hemodynamic effects. Although our study was not specifically designed to study ΔPRS and ΔPL, we observed a parallel reduction of both after the OLA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: TRN: ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT03435523 , retrospectively registered, Feb 14 2018.

13.
Trials ; 19(1): 654, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung dysfunction commonly occurs after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Randomized evidence suggests that the presence of expiratory flow limitation (EFL) in major abdominal surgery is associated with postoperative pulmonary complications. Appropriate lung recruitment and a correctly set positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level may prevent EFL. According to the available data in the literature, an adequate ventilation strategy during cardiac surgery is not provided. The aim of this study is to assess whether a mechanical ventilation strategy based on optimal lung recruitment with a best PEEP before and after CPB and with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) during CPB would reduce the incidence of respiratory complications after cardiac surgery. METHODS/DESIGN: This will be a single-center, single-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial. Using a 2-by-2 factorial design, high-risk adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery will be randomly assigned to receive either a best PEEP (calculated with a PEEP test) or zero PEEP before and after CPB and CPAP (equal to the best PEEP) or no ventilation (patient disconnected from the circuit) during CPB. The primary endpoint will be a composite endpoint of the incidence of EFL after the weaning from CPB and postoperative pulmonary complications. DISCUSSION: This study will help to establish a correct ventilatory strategy before, after, and during CPB. The main purpose is to establish if a ventilation based on a simple and feasible respiratory test may preserve lung function in cardiac surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT02633423 . Registered on 6 December 2017.

14.
J Crit Care ; 48: 407-413, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317049

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess whether a clinical decision support system (CDSS) suggests PS and FIO2 maintaining appropriate breathing effort, and minimizing FIO2. MATERIALS: Prospective, cross-over study in PS ventilated ICU patients. Over support (150% baseline) and under support (50% baseline) were applied by changing PS (15 patients) or PEEP (8 patients). CDSS advice was followed. Tension time index of inspiratory muscles (TTies), respiratory and metabolic variables were measured. RESULTS: PS over support (median 8.0 to 12.0 cmH2O) reduced respiratory muscle activity (TTies 0.090 ±â€¯0.028 to 0.049 ±â€¯0.030; p < .01), and tended to increase tidal volume (VT: 8.6 ±â€¯3.0 to 10.1 ±â€¯2.9 ml/kg; p = .08). CDSS advice reduced PS (6.0 cmH2O, p = .005), increased TTies (0.076 ±â€¯0.038, p < .01), and tended to reduce VT (8.9 ±â€¯2.4 ml/kg, p = .08). PS under support (12.0 to 4.0 cmH2O) slightly increased respiratory muscle activity, (TTies to 0.120 ±â€¯0.044; p = .007) with no significant CDSS advice. CDSS advice reduced FIO2 by 12-14% (p = .005), resulting in median SpO2 = 96% (p < .02). PEEP changes did not result in changes in physiological variables, or CDSS advice. CONCLUSION: The CDSS advised on low values of PS often not prohibiting extubation, while acting to preserve respiratory muscle function and preventing passive lung inflation. CDSS advice minimized FIO2 maintaining SpO2 at safe and beneficial values.

15.
Crit Care ; 22(1): 180, 2018 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The physiological effects of high-flow nasal cannula O2 therapy (HFNC) have been evaluated mainly in patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure. In this study, we compared the effects of HFNC and conventional low-flow O2 therapy on the neuroventilatory drive and work of breathing postextubation in patients with a background of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who had received mechanical ventilation for hypercapnic respiratory failure. METHODS: This was a single center, unblinded, cross-over study on 14 postextubation COPD patients who were recovering from an episode of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure of various etiologies. After extubation, each patient received two 1-h periods of HFNC (HFNC1 and HFNC2) alternated with 1 h of conventional low-flow O2 therapy via a face mask. The inspiratory fraction of oxygen was titrated to achieve an arterial O2 saturation target of 88-92%. Gas exchange, breathing pattern, neuroventilatory drive (electrical diaphragmatic activity (EAdi)) and work of breathing (inspiratory trans-diaphragmatic pressure-time product per minute (PTPDI/min)) were recorded. RESULTS: EAdi peak increased from a mean (±SD) of 15.4 ± 6.4 to 23.6 ± 10.5 µV switching from HFNC1 to conventional O2, and then returned to 15.2 ± 6.4 µV during HFNC2 (conventional O2: p < 0.05 versus HFNC1 and HFNC2). Similarly, the PTPDI/min increased from 135 ± 60 to 211 ± 70 cmH2O/s/min, and then decreased again during HFNC2 to 132 ± 56 (conventional O2: p < 0.05 versus HFNC1 and HFNC2). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with COPD, the application of HFNC postextubation significantly decreased the neuroventilatory drive and work of breathing compared with conventional O2 therapy.

16.
Trials ; 19(1): 460, 2018 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adding cyclic short sustained inflations (sigh) to assisted ventilation yields optimizes lung recruitment, decreases heterogeneity and reduces inspiratory effort in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF). These findings suggest that adding sigh to pressure support ventilation (PSV) might decrease the risk of lung injury, shorten weaning and improve clinical outcomes. Thus, we conceived a pilot trial to test the feasibility of adding sigh to PSV (the PROTECTION study). METHODS: PROTECTION is an international randomized controlled trial that will be conducted in 23 intensive care units (ICUs). Patients with AHRF who have been intubated from 24 h to 7 days and undergoing PSV from 4 to 24 h will be enrolled. All patients will first undergo a 30-min sigh test by adding sigh to clinical PSV for 30 min to identify early oxygenation responders. Then, patients will be randomized to PSV or PSV + sigh until extubation, ICU discharge, death or day 28. Sigh will be delivered as a 3-s pressure control breath delivered once per minute at 30 cmH2O. Standardized protocols will guide ventilation settings, switch back to controlled ventilation, use of rescue treatments, performance of spontaneous breathing trial, extubation and reintubation. The primary endpoint of the study will be to verify the feasibility of PSV + sigh evaluated through reduction of failure to remain on assisted ventilation during the first 28 days in the PSV + sigh group versus standard PSV (15 vs. 22%). Failure will be defined by switch back to controlled ventilation for more than 24 h or use of rescue treatments or reintubation within 48 h from elective extubation. Setting the power to 80% and first-risk order to 5%, the computed size of the trial is 129 patients per arm. DISCUSSION: PROTECTION is a pilot randomized controlled trial testing the feasibility of adding sigh to PSV. If positive, it will provide physicians with an effective addition to standard PSV for lung protection, able to reduce failure of assisted ventilation. PROTECTION will provide the basis for a future larger trial aimed at verifying the impact of PSV + sigh on 28-day survival and ventilator-free days. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03201263 . Registered on 28 June 2017.

17.
Trials ; 19(1): 273, 2018 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29743101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing surgery is high, especially in patients who are at risk of complications and undergoing major surgery. We hypothesize that perioperative, algorithm-driven, hemodynamic therapy based on individualized fluid status and cardiac output optimization is able to reduce mortality and postoperative moderate and severe complications as a major determinant of the patients' postoperative quality of life, as well as health care costs. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a multi-center, international, prospective, randomized trial in 380 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery including visceral, urological, and gynecological operations. Eligible patients will be randomly allocated to two treatment arms within the participating centers. Patients of the intervention group will be treated perioperatively following a specific hemodynamic therapy algorithm based on pulse-pressure variation (PPV) and individualized optimization of cardiac output assessed by pulse-contour analysis (ProAQT© device; Pulsion Medical Systems, Feldkirchen, Germany). Patients in the control group will be treated according to standard local care based on established basic hemodynamic treatment. The primary endpoint is a composite comprising the occurrence of moderate or severe postoperative complications or death within 28 days post surgery. Secondary endpoints are: (1) the number of moderate and severe postoperative complications in total, per patient and for each individual complication; (2) the occurrence of at least one of these complications on days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 28 in total and for every complication; (3) the days alive and free of mechanical ventilation, vasopressor therapy and renal replacement therapy, length of intensive care unit, and hospital stay at day 7 and day 28; and (4) mortality and quality of life, assessed by the EQ-5D-5L™ questionnaire, after 6 months. DISCUSSION: This is a large, international randomized controlled study evaluating the effect of perioperative, individualized, algorithm-driven ,hemodynamic optimization on postoperative morbidity and mortality. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial registration: NCT03021525 . Registered on 12 January 2017.

18.
Transfusion ; 58(8): 1863-1869, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a measure of anisocytosis, generally used in the differential diagnosis of anemia. Recently, RDW was associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are potential confounders on RDW values interpretation. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in RDW after RBC transfusion in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study including patients admitted to ICU requiring 1 RBC unit. We analyzed RDW values of the patients at four study points: before RBC transfusion (T1), immediately after transfusion (T2), 24 hours after transfusion (T3), and 48 hours after transfusion (T4). We also collected laboratory data from donors and RBC units. Changes of RDW (ΔRDW) were computed as the difference between baseline RDW value and RDW at each time point after transfusion. RESULTS: We enrolled 36 patients. RDW values increased after transfusion (p < 0.001 at all points vs. baseline), with the highest level at T3. At T3, 34 of 36 patients (94%) had an abnormal RDW value (vs. 26/36, 72%) at baseline (p = 0.023). The maximum ΔRDW for each patient was moderately correlated with the difference between mean corpuscular volume (MCV)donors and MCVpatient (r = 0.478, p = 0.005). Subgroups analysis showed that the maximum ΔRDW was greater in patients with baseline MCV lower than 80 fL or higher than 100 fL (n = 7) or baseline RDW of more than 14.5% (n = 19). CONCLUSION: RBC transfusion significantly increased RDW values. This intervention should be accurately reported in the studies evaluating the prognostic role of RDW.

19.
Crit Care Med ; 46(7): e642-e648, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29629989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the physiologic effects of applying advice on mechanical ventilation by an open-loop, physiologic model-based clinical decision support system. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: University and Regional Hospitals' ICUs. PATIENTS: Varied adult ICU population. INTERVENTIONS: Advice were applied if accepted by physicians for a period of up to 4-8 hours. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Seventy-two patients were included for data analysis. Acceptance of advice was high with 95.7% of advice applied. In 41 patients in pressure support ventilation, following system advice led to significant decrease in PS, with PS reduced below 8 cm H2O in 15 patients (37%), a level not prohibiting extubation. Fraction of end-tidal CO2 values did not change, and increase in respiratory rate/VT was within clinical limits, indicating that in general, the system maintained appropriate patient breathing effort. In 31 patients in control mode ventilation, pressure control and tidal volume settings were decreased significantly, with tidal volume reduced below 8 mL/kg predicted body weight in nine patients (29%). Minute ventilation was maintained by a significant increase in respiratory rate. Significant reductions in FIO2 were seen on elevated baseline median values of 50% in both support and control mode-ventilated patients, causing clinically acceptable reductions in oxygen saturation. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that during a short period, the clinical decision support system provided appropriate suggestions of mechanical ventilation in a varied ICU population, significantly reducing ventilation to levels which might be considered safe and beneficial.

20.
J Vis Surg ; 4: 51, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29682461

RESUMO

Effective postoperative pain control after thoracic surgery is a significant clinical issue because it reduces pulmonary complications and accelerates the pace of recovery. Persistent postoperative pain syndrome is a recognized and frequent complication after thoracoscopic surgery. The capsaicin 8% patch contains a high concentration of synthetic capsaicin approved for treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain in adults. Little clinical data exist on the use of capsaicin patch in thoracic persistent postoperative pain syndrome. This report included two patients who were evaluated after receiving capsaicin for thoracic surgery. Satisfactory pain relief was achieved in both cases without side effects.

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