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1.
Am Heart J ; 222: 131-138, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In adults, the most common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) is acute coronary artery occlusion. If an immediate coronary angiogram (CAG) is recommended for survivors presenting a ST segment elevation on the electrocardiogram (ECG) performed after resuscitation, there is still a debate regarding the best strategy in patients without ST segment elevation. HYPOTHESIS: Performing an immediate CAG after an OHCA without ST segment elevation on the post-resuscitation ECG and no obvious non-cardiac cause of arrest could lead to a better 180-day survival rate with no or minimal neurological sequel as compared with a delayed CAG performed 48 to 96 hours after the arrest. DESIGN: The EMERGE trial is a prospective national, randomized, open and parallel group trial, in which 970 survivors of OHCA will be randomized (1:1) to either immediate (as soon as possible after return of spontaneous circulation) or delayed (48 to 96 h) CAG. Participants will be OHCA patients with no ST segment elevation on the post resuscitation ECG and no obvious non-cardiac cause of arrest. The primary endpoint of the study is the 180-day survival rate with no or minimal neurological sequel corresponding to Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) 1 or 2. The secondary endpoints are: occurrence of shock during the first 48 hours, ventricular tachycardia and/or fibrillation during the first 48 hours, change in left ventricular ejection fraction between baseline and 180 days assessed by echocardiogram, neurological status evaluated by the CPC score at intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and day 90 neurological status assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended score (GOSE) at 90 and 180 days, overall survival rate, and hospital length of stay. SUMMARY: The EMERGE trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial that will assess the 180-day survival rate with no or minimal neurologic sequel in patients resuscitated from an OHCA without ST segment elevation and who will be managed with either immediate or delayed CAG.

2.
Circulation ; 141(4): 243-259, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No randomized study powered to compare balloon expandable (BE) with self expanding (SE) transcatheter heart valves (THVs) on individual end points after transcatheter aortic valve replacement has been conducted to date. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, the FRANCE-TAVI nationwide registry (Registry of Aortic Valve Bioprostheses Established by Catheter) included 12 141 patients undergoing BE-THV (Edwards, n=8038) or SE-THV (Medtronic, n=4103) for treatment of native aortic stenosis. Long term mortality status was available in all patients (median 20 months; interquartile range, 14 to 30). Patients treated with BE-THV (n=3910) were successfully matched 1:1 with 3910 patients treated with SE-THV by using propensity score (25 clinical, anatomical, and procedural variables) and by date of the procedure (within 3 months). The first coprimary outcome was ≥ moderate occurrence of paravalvular regurgitation or in-hospital mortality, or both. The second coprimary outcome was 2-year all-cause mortality. RESULTS: In propensity-matched analyses, the incidence of the first coprimary outcome was higher with SE-THV (19.8%) compared with BE-THV (11.9%; relative risk, 1.68 [95% CI, 1.46-1.91]; P<0.0001). Each component of the outcome was also higher in patients receiving SE-THV: ≥ moderate paravalvular regurgitation (15.5% versus 8.3%; relative risk, 1.90 [95% CI, 1.63-2.22]; P<0.0001) and in hospital mortality (5.6% versus 4.2%; relative risk, 1.34 [95% CI, 1.07-1.66]; P=0.01). During follow up, all cause mortality occurred in 899 patients treated with SE-THV (2-year mortality, 29.8%) and in 801 patients treated with BE-THV (2-year mortality, 26.6%; hazard ratio, 1.17 [95% CI, 1.06-1.29]; P=0.003). Similar results were found using inverse probability of treatment weighting using propensity score analysis. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that use of SE-THV was associated with a higher risk of paravalvular regurgitation and higher in-hospital and 2-year mortality compared with use of BE-THV. These data strongly support the need for a randomized trial sufficiently powered to compare the latest generation of SE-THV and BE-THV. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01777828.

3.
Resuscitation ; 147: 34-42, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857140

RESUMO

AIM: Coronary artery disease (CAD) has recently been emphasized as a major cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in young adults. We aim to assess the rate of immediate coronary angiography performance in young patients resuscitated from SCA. METHODS: From May 2011 to May 2017, all cases of out-of-hospital SCA aged 18-40 years alive at hospital admission were prospectively included in 48 hospitals of the Great Paris area. Cardiovascular causes of SCA were centrally adjudicated, and management including immediate coronary angiography performance was assessed. RESULTS: Out of 3579 SCA admitted alive, 409 (11.4%) patients were under 40 years of age (32.3 ± 6.2 years, 69.7% males), with 244 patients having a definite cause identified. Among those, CAD accounted for 72 (29.5%) cases, of which 64 (88.9%) were acute coronary syndromes. The rate of immediate coronary angiography was only 41.7% compared to 65.1% among those ≥40-years (P < 0.001). During the study period, while the rate of immediate coronary angiography increased from 60.5% to 70.3% (P < 0.001) in patients aged ≥40 years, the rate in patients aged less than 40 years remained stable (43.5% to 45.3%, P = 0.795). Patients younger than 40 years were significantly less likely to undergo immediate coronary angiography (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.25-0.47), although early angiography was associated with survival at hospital discharge (OR = 2.68, 95% CI: 1.21-6.00). CONCLUSION: CAD is the first cause of SCA in young adults aged less than 40 years. The observed low rates of immediate coronary angiography suggest a missed opportunity for early intervention.

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(22): 2728-2739, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Femoral access is the gold standard for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Guidelines recommend reconsidering surgery when this access is not feasible. However, alternative peripheral accesses exist, although they have not been accurately compared with femoral access. OBJECTIVES: This study compared nonfemoral peripheral (n-FP) TAVR with femoral TAVR. METHODS: Using the data from the national prospective French registry (FRANCE TAVI [French Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation]), this study compared the characteristics and outcomes of TAVR procedures according to whether they were performed through a femoral or a n-FP access, using a pre-specified propensity score-based matching between groups. Subanalysis during 2 study periods (2013 to 2015 and 2016 to 2017) and among low/intermediate-low and intermediate-high/high volume centers were performed. RESULTS: Among 21,611 patients, 19,995 (92.5%) underwent femoral TAVR and 1,616 (7.5%) underwent n-FP TAVR (transcarotid, n = 914 or trans-subclavian, n = 702). Patients in the n-FP access group had more severe disease (mean logistic EuroSCORE 19.95 vs. 16.95; p < 0.001), with a higher rate of peripheral vascular disease, known coronary artery disease, chronic pulmonary disease, and renal failure. After matching, there was no difference in the rate of post-procedural death and complications according to access site, except for a 2-fold lower rate of major vascular complications (odds ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.21 to 0.93; p = 0.032) and unplanned vascular repairs (odds ratio: 0.41; 95% confidence interval: 0.29 to 0.59; p < 0.001) in those who underwent n-FP access. The comparison of outcomes provided similar results during the second study period and in intermediate-high/high volume centers. CONCLUSIONS: n-FP TAVR is associated with similar outcomes compared with femoral peripheral TAVR, except for a 2-fold lower rate of major vascular complications and unplanned vascular repairs. n-FP TAVR may be favored over surgery in patients who are deemed ineligible for femoral TAVR and may be a safe alternative when femoral access risk is considered too high.

5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(21): 2572-2584, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, no specific drug-eluting stent (DES) has fully proven its superiority over others in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of coronary artery stents in STEMI patients in a patient-level network meta-analysis. METHODS: Eligible studies were dedicated randomized controlled trials comparing different stents in STEMI patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with at least 12 months of clinical follow-up. Of 19 studies identified from the published data, individual patient data were collected in 15 studies with 10,979 patients representing 87.7% of patients in the overall network of evidence. The primary endpoint was the composite of cardiac death, reinfarction, or target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: Overall, 8,487 (77.3%) of 10,979 STEMI patients were male and the mean age was 60.7 years. At a median follow-up of 3 years, compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), patients treated with paclitaxel-, sirolimus-, everolimus-, or biolimus-eluting stents had a significantly lower risk of the primary endpoint (adjusted hazard ratios [HRs]: 0.74 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.63 to 0.88], 0.65 [95% CI: 0.49 to 0.85], 0.70 [95% CI: 0.53 to 0.91], and 0.66 [95% CI: 0.49 to 0.88], respectively). The risk of primary endpoint was not different between patients treated with BMS and zotarolimus-eluting stents (adjusted HR: 0.83 [95% CI: 0.51 to 1.38]). Among patients treated with DES, no significant difference in the risk of the primary outcome was demonstrated. Treatment with second-generation DES was associated with significantly lower risk of definite or probable stent thrombosis compared with BMS (adjusted HR: 0.61 [95% CI: 0.42 to 0.89]) and first-generation DES (adjusted HR: 0.56 [95% CI: 0.36 to 0.88]). CONCLUSIONS: In STEMI patients, DES were superior to BMS with respect to long-term efficacy. No difference in long-term efficacy and safety was observed among specific DES. Second-generation were superior to first-generation DES in reducing stent thrombosis. (Clinical Outcomes After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention [PCI] Using Contemporary Drug-Eluting Stent [DES]: Evidence From the Individual Patient Data Network Meta-Analysis; CRD42018104053).

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(5): 688-695, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307663

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to provide contemporary data on chronic total occlusion (CTO) prevalence and management in a large unselected population representing the daily activity of cathlabs, in the greater Paris area, and to compare percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) features in patients with and without CTO. Procedures were collected from the CARDIO-ARSIF (Agence Régionale de Santé Ile de France) registry from 2012 to 2015. Patients with acute coronary syndrome or previous coronary artery bypass grafting were excluded. CTO features were assessed and PCIs with and without CTO were compared. Among 128,739 included patients, 10,468 (8.1%) had at least 1 CTO. Cardiovascular risk-factor burden was higher in the CTO group, which had more patients with multivessel disease (74% vs 24%) and with referral for interventional management (59% vs 33%). Of all PCIs during the study period, 5.7% involved a CTO; this proportion increased significantly over the study period. PCI success rate was 75.9% in the CTO group. CTO-PCI volume per center did not correlate with CTO-PCI success rate. In conclusion, CTO is common in patients who underwent scheduled coronary angiography. Invasive management is done more often in patients with than without CTO. The success rate of PCI in CTO is not associated with case volume per center.

8.
Resuscitation ; 141: 121-127, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A higher survival rate was observed in Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) occurring during sports activities, although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that better initial management, rather than sports per se, may account for the observed better outcomes during sports activities. METHODS: Data was taken between May 2011 and March 2016 from a prospective ongoing registry that includes all SCA in Paris and suburbs (6.7 million inhabitants). Sports-related SCA (i.e. SCA occurring during sport activities or within one hour of cessation of the activity) were identified. RESULTS: Over the study period, 13,400 SCA occurred, of which 154 were sports-related (median age: 51.2 years, 96.1% males). At discharge, sports activity was associated with an 8-times higher survival rate (39.7% vs. 5.1%, P < 0.001). Logistic regression showed that after considering potential confounders, including age, gender, SCA location, witness presence, time to response, and initial shockable rhythm, occurrence of SCA during sports was associated with a higher survival rate (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.14-2.74, P = 0.01). However, after further adjustment for initial basic life support, i.e. bystander CPR and AED use, there was no association between sports setting and survival at hospital discharge (OR 1.43, 95% CI 0.91-2.23, P = 0.12). CONCLUSION: Sports-related SCA is a rare event, with an 8-times higher survival rate compared to non-sports-related SCA. Better initial management, including bystander CPR and AED use, rather than sports per se, mainly accounts this difference. This highlights the major importance of population education to basic life support in improving SCA outcome.

12.
Am Heart J ; 209: 97-105, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30703644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of antiplatelet therapy in high-bleeding risk (HBR) patients with coronary artery disease treated with newer-generation drug-eluting bioresorbable polymer-coated stents remains unclear. DESIGN: MASTER DAPT (clinicaltrial.govNCT03023020) is an investigator-initiated, open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial comparing an abbreviated versus a standard duration of antiplatelet therapy after bioresorbable polymer-coated Ultimaster (TANSEI) sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in approximately 4,300 HBR patients recruited from ≥100 interventional cardiology centers globally. After a mandatory 30-day dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) run-in phase, patients are randomized to (a) a single antiplatelet regimen until study completion or up to 5 months in patients with clinically indicated oral anticoagulation (experimental 1-month DAPT group) or (b) continue DAPT for at least 5 months in patients without or 2 in patients with concomitant indication to oral anticoagulation, followed by a single antiplatelet regimen (standard antiplatelet regimen). With a final sample size of 4,300 patients, this study is powered to assess the noninferiority of the abbreviated antiplatelet regimen with respect to the net adverse clinical and major adverse cardiac and cerebral events composite end points and if satisfied for the superiority of abbreviated as compared to standard antiplatelet therapy duration in terms of major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding. Study end points will be adjudicated by a blinded Clinical Events Committee. CONCLUSIONS: The MASTER DAPT study is the first randomized controlled trial aiming at ascertaining the optimal duration of antiplatelet therapy in HBR patients treated with sirolimus-eluting bioresorbable polymer-coated stent implantation.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Polímeros , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Sirolimo/farmacologia
13.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(1): e007081, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) decreased drastically, mainly through reduction in inhospital mortality. Prehospital sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) became one of the most feared complications. We assessed the incidence, outcome, and prognosis' predictors of prehospital SCA occurring after emergency medical services (EMS) arrival. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were taken between 2006 and 2014 from the e-MUST study (Evaluation en Médecine d'Urgence des Strategies Thérapeutiques des infarctus du myocarde) that enrolls all STEMI managed by EMS in the Greater Paris Area, including those dead before hospital admission. Among 13 253 STEMI patients analyzed, 749 (5.6%) presented EMS-witnessed prehospital SCA. Younger age, absence of cardiovascular risk factors, symptoms of heart failure, extensive STEMI, and short pain onset-to-call and call-to-EMS arrival delays were independently associated with increased SCA risk. Mortality rate at hospital discharge was 4.0% in the nonSCA group versus 37.7% in the SCA group ( P<0.001); 26.8% of deaths occurred before hospital admission. Factors associated with increased mortality after SCA were age, heart failure, and extensive STEMI, while male sex and cardiovascular risk factors were associated with decreased mortality. Among patients admitted alive, PCI was the most important mortality-reduction predictor (odds ratio, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.25-0.63; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: More than 1 of 20 STEMI presents prehospital SCA after EMS arrival. SCA occurrence is associated with a 10-fold higher mortality at hospital discharge compared with STEMI without SCA. PCI is the strongest survival predictor, leading to a twice-lower mortality. This highlights the persistently dramatic impact of SCA on STEMI and the major importance of PCI in this setting.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Auxiliares de Emergência , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Paris/epidemiologia , Admissão do Paciente , Alta do Paciente , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006388, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571205

RESUMO

Background The optimal access for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) who are not candidates for a transfemoral approach has not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to compare the safety, feasibility, and early clinical outcomes of transcarotid TAVR compared with thoracic approaches. Methods and Results From a multicenter consecutive cohort of 329 alternative-access TAVR patients (2012-2017), we identified 101 patients who underwent transcarotid TAVR and 228 patients who underwent a transapical or transaortic TAVR. Preprocedural success and 30-day clinical outcomes were compared using multivariable propensity score analysis to account for between-group differences in baseline characteristics. All transcarotid cases were performed under general anesthesia, mainly using the left common carotid artery (97%). Propensity-matched groups had similar rates of 30-day all-cause mortality (2.1% versus 4.6%; P=0.37), stroke (2.1% versus 3.5%; P=0.67; transcarotid versus transapical/transaortic, respectively), new pacemaker implantation, and major vascular complications. Transcarotid TAVR was associated with significantly less new-onset atrial fibrillation (3.2% versus 19.0%; P=0.002), major or life-threatening bleeding (4.3% versus 19.9%; P=0.002), acute kidney injury (none versus 12.1%; P=0.002), and shorter median length of hospital stay (6 versus 8 days; P<0.001). Conclusions Transcarotid vascular access for TAVR is safe and feasible and is associated with encouraging short-term clinical outcomes. Our data suggest a clinical benefit of transcarotid TAVR with respect to atrial fibrillation, major bleeding, acute kidney injury, and length of stay compared with the more invasive transapical or transaortic strategies. Randomized studies are required to ascertain whether transcarotid TAVR yields equivalent results to other alternative vascular access routes.


Assuntos
Aorta , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Calcinose/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Primitiva , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcinose/mortalidade , Canadá/epidemiologia , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 111(6-7): 421-431, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29937207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous paravalvular leak (PVL) closure has emerged as a palliative alternative to surgical management in selected high-risk patients. Percutaneous procedures are challenging, especially for mitral PVL. Accurate imaging of the morphologies of the defects is mandatory, together with precise guidance in the catheterization laboratory to enhance success rates. AIMS: To describe imaging modalities used in clinical practice to guide percutaneous PVL closure and assess the potential of new imaging tools. METHODS: Data from the 'Fermeture de Fuite paraprothétique' (FFPP) register were used. The FFPP register is an international multi-institutional collaborative register started in 2017 with a retrospective and a prospective part. A descriptive analysis of multimodality imaging used to guide PVL closure in clinical practice was performed. RESULTS: Data from 173 procedures performed in 19 centres from three countries (France, Belgium and Poland) were collected, which included eight cases of PVL following transcatheter valve replacement. Transoesophageal echocardiography was used in 167 cases (96.5%) and 3D echocardiography in 87.4% of cases. In one case, 3D-echocardiography was fused with fluoroscopy images in real time using echonavigator software. Details about multimodality imaging were available from a sample of 31 patients. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) was performed before 10 of the procedures. In one case, fusion between preprocedural cardiac CT angiography data and fluoroscopy data was used. In two cases, a 3D model of the valve with PVL was printed. CONCLUSION: Echocardiography, particularly the 3D mode, is the cornerstone of PVL imaging. Other imaging modalities, such as cardiac CT and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, may be of complementary interest. New techniques such as imaging fusion and printing may further facilitate the percutaneous approach of PVLs.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/terapia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Impressão Tridimensional , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Resuscitation ; 128: 126-131, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29746987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between provision of post-resuscitation care and prognosis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in elderly patients. Previous studies have suggested futility after 65 years of age. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the association of early coronary angiogram (CAG) followed if necessary by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with favorable outcome after OHCA among elderly patients, compared to younger patients. METHODS: Using a large French registry, we included all OHCA patients with an initial shockable rhythm, transported to hospital from 2011 to 2015. Favorable outcome was defined as hospital discharge with Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) 1 or 2. and were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression. Subgroup analyses were performed according to age groups: <65, 65-75 and >75 years. RESULTS: Among 1502 included patients, 31% were older than 65 and 12% older than 75 years. An early CAG was performed in 79%, 88% and 76% of patients below 65, between 65 and 75 and above 75, respectively (P = 0.002). The rate of patients discharged with CPC1 or 2 was 42% below 65, 38% between 65 and 75 and 24% above 75 (P < 0.001). Among the whole population, early CAG (OR = 6.4, 95% CI = 3.9-10.5, P < 0.001) was associated with favorable outcome. In subgroups analysis, CAG was associated with favorable outcome among patients <65 and 65-75. In patients >75, there was a trend towards a favorable outcome (OR2.9, 95CI = 0.9-9.1). CONCLUSIONS: In a large registry of OHCA survivors, the early CAG use was associated with a better prognosis. This benefit was persistent up to 75 years of age, suggesting that age alone should not guide the decision for early invasive strategy.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico por imagem , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo
20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(3): 249-256, 2018 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29413238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the relationship between an immediate invasive strategy and survival after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of presumed cardiac cause, according to prognosis evaluated on hospital arrival. BACKGROUND: An immediate coronary angiogram (CAG) may be associated with better outcome after OHCA in neurologically preserved patients but could be futile in other cases. METHODS: From May 2011 to May 2015, we collected data for all patients admitted in hospital after OHCA in Paris and its suburbs (France). Risk of in-hospital death was retrospectively calculated using the validated Cardiac Arrest Hospital Prognosis score, which includes age, setting, initial rhythm, durations from collapse to basic life support and from basic life support to return of spontaneous circulation, pH, and epinephrine dose. Independent predictors of survival at discharge (including immediate CAG) were assessed in multivariate logistic regression in each of the 3 pre-defined subgroups of Cardiac Arrest Hospital Prognosis score: low risk (<150 points), medium risk (150 to 200 points), and high risk (>200 points) for in-hospital death. RESULTS: A total of 1,410 patients were included and overall survival rate at hospital discharge was 32%. Distribution in the low-, medium-, and high-risk Cardiac Arrest Hospital Prognosis subgroups was 667 (47%), 469 (33%), and 274 patients (20%), respectively. The rate of early CAG was 86%, 66%, and 47% in the low-, medium-, and high-risk subgroups, respectively (p < 0.001). Early invasive strategy was independently associated with better survival in low-risk patients (odds ratio: 2.3; 95% confidence interval: 1.4 to 3.9; p = 0.001), but not in medium-risk (p = 0.55) and high-risk (p = 0.43) patients. Sensitivity analysis found consistent results. CONCLUSIONS: In cardiac arrest patients, our results suggest that investigations regarding early CAG after OHCA should focus on patients with preserved neurological status.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Neurológico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/fisiopatologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Paris , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
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