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1.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557318

RESUMO

The causes of nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy are classified as genetic or nongenetic, but environmental factors such as metal pollutants may interact with genetic susceptibility. The presence of metal particles has been detected in the myocardium, including in those patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. It is also known that hypersensitivity reactions can induce inflammation in tissue. The present study aimed to verify if metal-induced delayed-type hypersensitivity is present in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient group consisted of 30 patients with newly diagnosed dilated cardiomyopathy; the control group comprised 41 healthy subjects. All patients and control subjects provided blood samples for lymphocyte transformation testing (MELISA®) to assess possible hypersensitivity to seven common metals. Specific exposure to metals was based on interview data. Results showed that exposure to cadmium and lead (p = 0.0002), aluminum (p = 0.0006), nickel (p = 0.0012), and chromium (p = 0.0065) was more often reported by patients than controls. The patients also had significantly more frequent hypersensitivity reactions to mercury (26.7% vs. 7.3%, p = 0.014624), nickel (40% vs. 12.2%, p = 0.02341), and silver (20% vs. 4.8%, p = 0.025468) than the control group. Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy had greater exposure to certain metals compared with healthy controls. Hypersensitivity to metals was more frequent in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, suggesting a possible association that warrants further investigation.

2.
Eur J Intern Med ; 78: 88-94, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart rate (HR) at admission in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) has been shown to be an important risk marker of in-hospital mortality. However, its relation with mid and long-term prognosis as well as the impact of Ejection Fraction (EF) is unknown. Our objective was to study the relationship between long-term survival and HR at admission depending on EF in a cohort of patients hospitalized for AHF. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 2335 patients in sinus rhythm hospitalized for AHF from AHEAD registry. Patients with cardiogenic shock and AHF from surgical or non-cardiac etiology were excluded. RESULTS: Survival rates at 6 and 12 months were 84.8% and 78% respectively. Increased age, decreased diastolic BP, lack of PCI during hospitalization, increased creatinine level and increased HR (with different cut-offs according to EF categories) were found as predictors whatever the EF at 6 and 12 months. Optimal prognostic cut-offs of heart rate were identified for Heart Failure with reduced EF at 100 bpm, for Heart Failure with mid-range EF at 90 bpm and for Heart Failure with preserved EF at 80 bpm for both 6 and 12 months. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that HR at admission appears to be an independent prognostic parameter in AHF patients in sinus rhythm irrespective of EF and can be used to classify patients according to the severity of the disease.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19556, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telerehabilitation in cardiology has the potential to become the alternative to regular outpatient cardiac rehabilitation. Our study focuses on the wrist heart rate monitor as a telerehabilitation device, defines detected limitations, and compares results between home-based and regular outpatient rehabilitation methods, related to physical fitness, quality of life, and training adherence. The study design was a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Eligible 56 cardiac rehabilitation patients were randomized into a 12-week regular outpatient training group (ROT) and interventional home-based telerehabilitation group (ITG). For both groups, the intensity of the training was prescribed to be performed at 70% to 80% of heart rate reserve for 60 minutes, 3 times a week. The ITG patients started their training with a wrist heart rate monitor in their home environment. These patients received feedback once a week, reflecting data uploaded on the internet application. The ROT patients performed their exercise under the direct supervision of a physical specialist in a regular outpatient clinic. Physical fitness and health-related quality of life were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks. Training adherence in both groups was determined and compared. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients comleted the intervention (91%); no serious adverse events were recorded. Physical fitness expressed as peak oxygen uptake showed significant improvement (P < .001) in ROT group from 23.4 ±â€Š3.3 to 25.9 ±â€Š4.1 mL/kg/min and (P < .01) in ITG group from 23.7 ±â€Š4.1 to 26.5 ±â€Š5.7 mL/kg/min without significant between-group differences after 12 weeks of intervention. The training adherence between groups was similar. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that telerehabilitation via wrist heart rate monitor could become an alternative kind of cardiac rehabilitation which deserves attention and further analyzing.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca/instrumentação , Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Cooperação do Paciente , Telerreabilitação/instrumentação , Punho , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Cardiorenal Med ; 10(2): 85-96, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients remains poorly explored. The involvement of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway has been demonstrated in experimental ischemic AKI. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of circulating biomarkers of the NO pathway for AKI in STEMI patients. METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-seven STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included. The primary end point was AKI. Biomarkers of the NO pathway (plasma superoxide dismutase [SOD], uric acid, nitrite/nitrate [NOx], neopterin) as well as cardiac biomarkers (B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP] and troponin) were sampled 12 h after admission. The predictive value of circulating biomarkers was evaluated in addition to the multivariate clinical model. RESULTS: AKI developed in 8.9% of patients. The 3-month mortality was significantly higher in patients with AKI (34.2 vs. 4.1%; p < 0.001). SOD, uric acid, NOx, neopterin, BNP and troponin were significantly associated with the development of AKI (area under curve [AUC]-receiver operating curve [ROC] ranging between 0.70 and 0.81). In multivariate analysis cardiogenic shock, neopterin, NOx and troponin were independent predictors of AKI. AUC-ROC of the association of multibiomarkers and clinical model was 0.90 and outperformed the predictive value of the clinical model alone. OR of NOx ≥45 µmol/L was 8.0 (95% CI 3.1-20.6) for AKI. CONCLUSION: Biomarkers of the NO pathway are associated with the development of AKI in STEMI patients. These results provide insights into the pathophysiology of AKI and may serve at developing preventing strategies for AKI targeting this pathway.

5.
Eur Heart J ; 41(17): 1625-1632, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811715

RESUMO

AIMS: PEGASUS-TIMI 54 demonstrated that long-term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and ticagrelor reduced the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), with an acceptable increase in bleeding, in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI). While much of the discussion around prolonged DAPT has been focused on stented patients, patients with prior MI without prior coronary stenting comprise a clinically important subgroup. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a pre-specified analysis from PEGASUS-TIMI 54, which randomized 21 162 patients with prior MI (1-3 years) and additional high-risk features to ticagrelor 60 mg, 90 mg, or placebo twice daily in addition to aspirin. A total of 4199 patients had no history of coronary stenting at baseline. The primary efficacy outcome (MACE) was the composite of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke. Patients without history of coronary stenting had higher baseline risk of MACE [13.2% vs. 8.0%, adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.73, in the placebo arm]. The relative risk reduction in MACE with ticagrelor (pooled doses) was similar in patients without (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.68-0.99) and with prior stenting (HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.75-0.96; P for interaction = 0.76). CONCLUSION: Long-term ticagrelor reduces thrombotic events in patients with prior MI regardless of whether they had prior coronary stenting. These data highlight the benefits of DAPT in prevention of spontaneous atherothrombotic events and indicate that long-term ticagrelor may be considered in high-risk patients with prior MI even if they have not been treated with stenting. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT01225562.

6.
Am J Ther ; 27(2): e183-e193, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers are one of the most important classes of cardiovascular agents and have been considered a cornerstone therapy in heart diseases, such as heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Among different beta-blockers, metoprolol is a selective beta1-adrenergic antagonist, which has been extensively used since the 1970s. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: Although current guidelines include recommendations for the use of controlled-release metoprolol succinate in specific HF and AF indications, and despite extensive clinical experience with metoprolol, comparative evidence on the use of metoprolol succinate compared with other beta-blockers in these indications is limited. DATA SOURCES: We systematically reviewed the data from head-to-head studies directly comparing this compound with other beta-blockers in the treatment of HF or AF. Only clinical trials and observational studies were considered; no other limits were applied. The quality and relevance of retrieved articles were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 18 articles of the 353 articles identified were selected for inclusion; 12 HF articles and 6 for AF. Additional references were identified from the bibliographies of retrieved articles. The studies show that oral prophylaxis with an appropriate dose of metoprolol may reduce new incidents of AF in high-risk patients. Furthermore, metoprolol succinate is associated with significant mortality and morbidity benefits in the treatment of HF. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the introduction of newer beta-blockers with differing clinical characteristics since its introduction, metoprolol succinate remains a useful drug in both HF and AF.

7.
Shock ; 53(1): 43-49, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973460

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction has a very high mortality. Our present study focuses on serial measurement of lactate during admission due to cardiogenic shock and the prognostic effect of lactate and a relative change in lactate in patients after admission and the institution of intensive care treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a secondary analysis of the CardShock study. Data on lactate at baseline were available on 217 of 219 patients.In the study population, the median baseline lactate was 2.8 mmol/L (min-max range, 0.5-23.1 mmol/L).At admission, lactate was predictive of 30-day mortality with an adjusted Hazard ratio (HR) of 1.20 mmol/L (95% confidence interval, CI 1.14-1.27). Within the first 24 h of admission, baseline lactate remained predictive of 30-day mortality. Lactate at 6 h had a HR of 1.14 (95% CI 1.06-1.24) and corresponding values at 12 and 24 h had a HR of 1.10 (1.04-1.17), and of HR 1.19 (95% CI 1.07-1.32), respectively. A 50% reduction in lactate within 6 h resulted in a HR of 0.82 (95% CI 0.72-0.94). Corresponding hazard ratios at 12 and 24 h, were 0.87 (95% CI 0.76-0.98) and 0.74 (95% CI 0.60-0.91), respectively. CONCLUSION: The main findings of the present study are that baseline lactate is a powerful predictor of 30-day mortality, lactate at 6, 12, and 24 h after admission are predictors of 30-day mortality, and a relative change in lactate is a significant predictor of survival within the first 24 h after instituting intensive care treatment adding information beyond the information from baseline values.

8.
N Engl J Med ; 381(8): 716-726, 2019 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serelaxin is a recombinant form of human relaxin-2, a vasodilator hormone that contributes to cardiovascular and renal adaptations during pregnancy. Previous studies have suggested that treatment with serelaxin may result in relief of symptoms and in better outcomes in patients with acute heart failure. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, event-driven trial, we enrolled patients who were hospitalized for acute heart failure and had dyspnea, vascular congestion on chest radiography, increased plasma concentrations of natriuretic peptides, mild-to-moderate renal insufficiency, and a systolic blood pressure of at least 125 mm Hg, and we randomly assigned them within 16 hours after presentation to receive either a 48-hour intravenous infusion of serelaxin (30 µg per kilogram of body weight per day) or placebo, in addition to standard care. The two primary end points were death from cardiovascular causes at 180 days and worsening heart failure at 5 days. RESULTS: A total of 6545 patients were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. At day 180, death from cardiovascular causes had occurred in 285 of the 3274 patients (8.7%) in the serelaxin group and in 290 of the 3271 patients (8.9%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83 to 1.15; P = 0.77). At day 5, worsening heart failure had occurred in 227 patients (6.9%) in the serelaxin group and in 252 (7.7%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.07; P = 0.19). There were no significant differences between the groups in the incidence of death from any cause at 180 days, the incidence of death from cardiovascular causes or rehospitalization for heart failure or renal failure at 180 days, or the length of the index hospital stay. The incidence of adverse events was similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial involving patients who were hospitalized for acute heart failure, an infusion of serelaxin did not result in a lower incidence of death from cardiovascular causes at 180 days or worsening heart failure at 5 days than placebo. (Funded by Novartis Pharma; RELAX-AHF-2 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01870778.).


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Relaxina/uso terapêutico , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Relaxina/efeitos adversos , Relaxina/farmacologia , Falha de Tratamento , Vasodilatadores/efeitos adversos
9.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother ; 5(4): 200-206, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218354

RESUMO

AIMS: In PEGASUS-TIMI 54, ticagrelor significantly reduced the risk of the composite of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events by 15-16% in stable patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI) 1-3 years earlier. We report the efficacy and safety in the subpopulation recommended for treatment in the European (EU) label, i.e. treatment with 60 mg b.i.d. initiated up to 2 years from the MI, or within 1 year after stopping previous adenosine diphosphate receptor inhibitor treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 21 162 patients enrolled in PEGASUS-TIMI 54, 10 779 patients were included in the primary analysis for this study, randomized to ticagrelor 60 mg (n = 5388) or matching placebo (n = 5391). The cumulative proportions of patients with events at 36 months were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier (KM) method. The composite of CV death, MI, or stroke occurred less frequently in the ticagrelor group (7.9% KM rate vs. 9.6%), hazard ratio (HR) 0.80 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.91; P = 0.001]. Ticagrelor also reduced the risk of all-cause mortality, HR 0.80 (0.67-0.96; P = 0.018). Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding was more frequent in the ticagrelor group 2.5% vs. 1.1%; HR 2.36 (1.65-3.39; P < 0.001). The corresponding HR for fatal or intracranial bleeding was 1.17 (0.68-2.01; P = 0.58). CONCLUSION: In PEGASUS-TIMI 54, treatment with ticagrelor 60 mg as recommended in the EU label, was associated with a relative risk reduction of 20% in CV death, MI, or stroke. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding was increased, but fatal or intracranial bleeding was similar to placebo. There appears to be a favourable benefit-risk ratio for long-term ticagrelor 60 mg in this population. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01225562.

10.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(8): 720-727, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with a poorer prognosis in heart failure (HF) patients. Benefits of hyperuricemia treatment with allopurinol have not yet been confirmed in clinical practice. The aim of our work was to assess the benefit of allopurinol treatment in a large cohort of HF patients. METHODS: The prospective acute heart failure registry (AHEAD) was used to select 3160 hospitalized patients with a known level of uric acid (UA) who were discharged in a stable condition. Hyperuricemia was defined as UA ≥500 µmoL/L and/or allopurinol treatment at admission. The patients were classified into three groups: without hyperuricemia, with treated hyperuricemia, and with untreated hyperuricemia at discharge. Two- and five-year all-cause mortality were defined as endpoints. Patients without hyperuricemia, unlike those with hyperuricemia, had a higher left ventricular ejection fraction, a better renal function, and higher hemoglobin levels, had less frequently diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation, and showed better tolerance to treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers and/or beta-blockers. RESULTS: In a primary analysis, the patients without hyperuricemia had the highest survival rate. After using the propensity score to set up comparable groups, the patients without hyperuricemia had a similar 5-year survival rate as those with untreated hyperuricemia (42.0% vs 39.7%, P = 0.362) whereas those with treated hyperuricemia had a poorer prognosis (32.4% survival rate, P = 0.006 vs non-hyperuricemia group and P = 0.073 vs untreated group). CONCLUSION: Hyperuricemia was associated with an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile in HF patients. Treatment with low doses of allopurinol did not improve the prognosis of HF patients.


Assuntos
Alopurinol/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Supressores da Gota/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Úrico/sangue
11.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217006, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095609

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of hypoalbuminemia, early changes of plasma albumin (P-Alb) levels, and their effects on mortality in cardiogenic shock are unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: P-Alb was measured from serial blood samples in 178 patients from a prospective multinational study on cardiogenic shock. The association of hypoalbuminemia with clinical characteristics and course of hospital stay including treatment and procedures was assessed. The primary outcome was all-cause 90-day mortality. RESULTS: Hypoalbuminemia (P-Alb < 34g/L) was very frequent (75%) at baseline in patients with cardiogenic shock. Patients with hypoalbuminemia had higher mortality than patients with normal albumin levels (48% vs. 23%, p = 0.004). Odds ratio for death at 90 days was 2.4 [95% CI 1.5-4.1] per 10 g/L decrease in baseline P-Alb. The association with increased mortality remained independent in regression models adjusted for clinical risk scores developed for cardiogenic shock (CardShock score adjusted odds ratio 2.0 [95% CI 1.1-3.8], IABP-SHOCK II score adjusted odds ratio 2.5 [95%CI 1.2-5.0]) and variables associated with hypoalbuminemia at baseline (adjusted odds ratio 2.9 [95%CI 1.2-7.1]). In serial measurements, albumin levels decreased at a similar rate between 0h and 72h in both survivors and nonsurvivors (ΔP-Alb -4.6 g/L vs. 5.4 g/L, p = 0.5). While the decrease was higher for patients with normal P-Alb at baseline (p<0.001 compared to patients with hypoalbuminemia at baseline), the rate of albumin decrease was not associated with outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Hypoalbuminemia was a frequent finding early in cardiogenic shock, and P-Alb levels decreased during hospital stay. Low P-Alb at baseline was associated with mortality independently of other previously described risk factors. Thus, plasma albumin measurement should be part of the initial evaluation in patients with cardiogenic shock. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01374867 at ClinicalTrials.gov.


Assuntos
Hipoalbuminemia/sangue , Hipoalbuminemia/mortalidade , Choque Cardiogênico/sangue , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/complicações , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Choque Cardiogênico/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0214363, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to guidelines, the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure can be predicted by determining the levels of natriuretic peptides, the NYHA classification and comorbidities. The aim our work was to develop a prognostic score in chronic heart failure patients that would take account of patients' comorbidities, NYHA and NT-proBNP levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1,088 patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (LVEF<40%) and mid-range EF (HFmrEF) (LVEF 40-49%) were enrolled consecutively. Two-year all-cause mortality, heart transplantation and/or LVAD implantation were defined as the primary endpoint (EP). The occurrence of EP was 14.9% and grew with higher NYHA, namely 4.9% (NYHA I), 11.4% (NYHA II) and 27.8% (NYHA III-IV) (p<0.001). The occurrence of EP was 3%, 10% and 15-37% in patients with NT-proBNP levels ≤125 ng/L, 126-1000 ng/L and >1000 ng/L respectively. Discrimination abilities of NYHA and NT-proBNP were AUC 0.670 (p<0.001) and AUC 0.722 (p<0.001) respectively. The predictive value of the developed clinical model, which took account of older age, advanced heart failure (NYHA III+IV), anaemia, hyponatraemia, hyperuricaemia and being on a higher dose of furosemide (>40 mg daily) (AUC 0.773; p<0.001) was increased by adding the NT-proBNP level (AUC 0.790). CONCLUSION: The use of prediction models in patients with chronic heart failure, namely those taking account of natriuretic peptides, should become a standard in routine clinical practice. It might contribute to a better identification of a high-risk group of patients in which more intense treatment needs to be considered, such as heart transplantation or LVAD implantation.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/classificação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Coração , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros
13.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(1): 13-14, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30823832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is a common clinical condition with a serious prognosis. Treatment focuses on improving the symptoms and preventing the progression of the disease. First-line therapy include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). METHODS: These data come from the FAR NHL registry (FARmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation). This is a multicenter database of patients with stable systolic heart failure (EF < 50 %) collected between November 2014 and November 2015. RESULTS: A population of 1 100 patients was evaluated, the mean age was 65 years, 80.8 % were male. The etiology of heart failure was ischemic heart disease (49.7 %), dilated cardiomyopathy (41.7 %) and other (8.6 %). The total prescription of ACEI/ARB was 88.4 %, the most commonly prescribed ACEI were ramipril and perindopril, ARB was losartan. The prescription of ACEI/ARBs decreased with the severity of the disease according to NYHA classification (all 88.4 %, NYHA I 95.2 %, NYHA II 89.0 %, NYHA III-IV 83.5 %, p < 0.001). 129 subjects (11.6 %) were not treated by ACEI/ARBs at all. The target dose of ACEI/ARB, as it is recommended in the ESC Guidelines, was admissioned to only 13.5 % of patients. The dose was decreasing with the severity of disease evaluated by NYHA, NT-proBNP value, systolic blood pressure and renal functions. CONCLUSIONS: These data show the tendency of pharmacological prescription of RAAS blockers (including doses), which reflects not only the severity of heart failure but also renal functions and blood pressure and points to possible reserves in up-titration of the target dose. Key words: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors - angiotensin receptor blockers - FAR NHL - heart failure - pharmacotherapy - registry - target dose.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros
14.
J Intensive Care Med ; : 885066619828959, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is the most life-threatening manifestation of acute heart failure. Its complexity and high in-hospital mortality may justify the need for invasive monitoring with a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). METHODS:: Patients with CS included in the CardShock Study, an observational, prospective, multicenter, European registry, were analyzed, aiming to describe the real-world use of PAC, evaluate its impact on 30-day mortality, and the ability of different hemodynamic parameters to predict outcomes. RESULTS:: Pulmonary artery catheter was used in 82 (37.4%) of the 219 patients. Cardiogenic shock patients who managed with a PAC received more frequently treatment with inotropes and vasopressors, mechanical ventilation, renal replacement therapy, and mechanical assist devices ( P < .01). Overall 30-day mortality was 36.5%. Pulmonary artery catheter use did not affect mortality even after propensity score matching analysis (hazard ratio = 1.17 [0.59-2.32], P = .66). Cardiac index, cardiac power index (CPI), and stroke volume index (SVI) showed the highest areas under the curve for 30-day mortality (ranging from 0.752-0.803) and allowed for a significant net reclassification improvement of 0.467 (0.083-1.180), 0.700 (0.185-1.282), 0.683 (0.168-1.141), respectively, when added to the CardShock risk score. CONCLUSIONS:: In our contemporary cohort of CS, over one-third of patients were managed with a PAC. Pulmonary artery catheter use was associated with a more aggressive treatment strategy. Nevertheless, PAC use was not associated with 30-day mortality. Cardiac index, CPI, and SVI were the strongest 30-day mortality predictors on top of the previously validated CardShock risk score.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29955186

RESUMO

AIMS: Optimal ECG monitoring in detecting recurrences of atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial tachycardia (AT) after catheter ablation has not been well established. The purpose of this prospective study was to compare the utility of daily ECG monitoring with episodic card recorder (ECR) vs. periodic monitoring with episodic loop recorder (ELR) for the detection of post-blanking AF/AT recurrences during early (Months 4-6) and late (Months 7-12) periods after catheter ablation for paroxysmal AF. METHODS: The study included 105 consecutive patients, who received ECR for 12 months and were instructed to send at least 2 random ECG recordings daily with extra-recordings during symptoms. The patients were simultaneously monitored for one week with ELR at the end of each period (Months 6 and 12). RESULTS: Thirty-one and 12 patients with AF/AT recurrence were identified by means of ECR and ELR, respectively. In patients with complete and valid data, ELR technology was inferior to ECR by detecting AF/AT in 5 (31%) of 16 and 5 (26%) of 19 patients with arrhythmia identified by ECR in the early and late period, respectively. Overall, ELR had a sensitivity of 8/23 (35%) for detecting AF/AT recurrence. There was no single patient with AF/AT recurrence on ELR that would not be known from ECR monitoring. Only 2 patients with arrhythmia recurrence were completely asymptomatic throughout the study period. CONCLUSION: Daily ECG monitoring with ECR was better than periodic monitoring with ELR in detecting AF/AT recurrences during the follow-up periods. Entirely asymptomatic patients with AF/AT recurrences were rare.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Antiarrítmicos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(10): 611-619, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906682

RESUMO

The main goal of the heart failure treatment is the decrease of mortality and morbidity, especially improvement of quality of life and decrease of hospitalisations. ACE inhibitors are the cornerstone of the treatment, MRA should be added to ACEI. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are indicated in the case of ACE inhibitors intolerance. Betablockers in maximal tolerated doses should be added to the renin angiotensin blockade. Diuretics are given to the symptoms relieve - dyspnoe or oedema. Digoxin is indicated in selected patients. There are 3 new promising groups of drugs: (1) Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibitor - ARNI - Sacubitril/Valsartan can replace the ACEI according to the results of the PARADIGM-HF trial. (2) Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in patients with diabetes mellitus. (3) A hughe clinical research is done with omecamtiv mecarbil and others perspective drugs.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 43(6): 1865-1877, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The rate of incidence and prevalence of acute kidney injury is increasing due to an increased number of patients with heart failure. Therefore it is very pertinent to early detect the level of renal injuries and to make necessary heart failure predictions. Thus the aim of this study is to determine renal functions and prognosis stratification in chronic heart failure patients and importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL), an early diagnostic marker of acute kidney injury, as well as stratification of cardiovascular risk in heart failure patients. METHODS: Data including age, gender, comorbidities and medical history of outpatients and hospitalized patients from Farmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation (FAR NHL) multicenter prospective registry comprising three Cardiological Centers in the Czech Republic were collected between 1st October 2014 and 30th November 2015. One-year follow-up data were collected in November 2016 in such a way that all patients had at least one-year data from the time of recruitment, but up to two years to the time of follow-up. One-year data were used for the whole set of patients while data up to 24 months were used with Kaplan-Meier's survival curves to analyse the patients' survival data. Blood samples were collected from the patients and basic parameters were evaluated in order to analyse Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP) using Lipocalin-2/NGAL Human ELISA kit (Bio Vendor, Czechia) and the Cobas E411 NT-proBNP Immunoassay kit (Roche Diagnostics, Indianapolis, IN, USA) respectively. Statistical analysis was further carried out to explain the level of significance of the evaluated parameters using Spearman Correlation, Mann Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis test and log-rank test. RESULTS: Out of 547 patients from Farmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation (FAR NHL) multicenter prospective registry with available data on hospitalizations, mortality, biomarkers and one-year follow-up that were recorded, there were 439 males (80.3%) with a median age of 66 years. At least one-month stable patients with left ventricle ejection fraction (LV EF) under 50% were recorded. The etiology of heart failure was ischemic heart disease in 54%, dilated cardiomyopathy in 40% and others in 6%. 69% patients were in New York Heart Association functional class II. There were 76 events (13.9%; all-cause mortality, acute heart failure hospitalization, left ventricle assist device implantation and orthotopic heart transplant) in the first 365 days of follow-up. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was higher for NT-proBNP (0.77) than the creatinine (0.57), NGAL (0.55) or creatinine clearance (0.54). In multivariable analyses, NT-proBNP (P= 0.001) and NGAL (P = 0.004) were significant predictors of events. Subjects with NT-proBNP and NGAL above the cut off value (NT-proBNP 1,121 pg/ml, NGAL 80 ng/ml) survived without any event in 55.7%, subjects with NT-proBNP and NGAL under the cut off value survived without any event in 90.5%, after two years (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The findings of the study showed that NGAL associated with NT-proBNP was a stronger predictor of the primary endpoint than NGAL or NT-proBNP alone. The level of NGAL was rising in hypertension, ischemia, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, diabetes or arrhythmias.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , República Tcheca , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros
18.
Vnitr Lek ; 64(9): 834-838, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30441995

RESUMO

The prevalence of heart failure in developed countries is about 1-2 % in general and in patients above 70 years over 10 %. HFpEF is the cause of heart failure from 22 to 73 %, exact data are not available. If compared with HFrEF, patients with HFpEF are older, more frequent women with hypertension and atrial fibrillation, but less myocardial infarction in their history. Heart failure is a hemodynamic disorder and the pathophysiologic basis is cardiac output, cardiac contractility, filling pressures, wall stress during systolic and diastolic function and heart rate. The neurohumoral activation is very important for the diagnosis as well as prognosis and the most sensitive seems to be brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), respectively the precursor NT-proBNP, which become a part of the new diagnostic classification and are a part of modern treatment. Key words: heart failure - hemodynamics - neurohumoral activation.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Diástole , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/análise , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico
19.
Vnitr Lek ; 64(9): 860-866, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30441999

RESUMO

The article reviews history, indication and follow-up after heart transplantation, including the mechanical assist devices. Various complications of posttransplant follow-up are mentioned, e.g. rejection, infection, vasculopathy, meta-bolic disorders, hypertension or malignities. Pharmacotherapy used for immunosuppression is discussed. Heart transplantation improves the prognosis of patients with previous heart failure and also their quality of life. Key words: heart transplantation - immunosuppression - mechanical assist devices - rejection - terminal heart failure.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Coração Auxiliar , Rejeição de Enxerto , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
20.
Vnitr Lek ; 64(9): 867-873, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30442000

RESUMO

Comorbidities are important parts of care in patients with heart failure. Comorbidities, as well as their treatments, directly influence the course of heart failure. We present the most comorbidities a their therapy with regard to left ventricular dysfunction. Key words: comorbidities - heart failure.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Comorbidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos
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