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1.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856420

RESUMO

Cyclosporine A and methotrexate (CSA/MTX) is the standard graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis regimen for matched sibling donor (MSD) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Recently, post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) has been shown to be effective in GVHD prevention. In this registry-based study, we compared outcomes of 118 patients with PTCy and 1202 patients with CSA/MTX who underwent MSD allo-HCT for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In a matched-pair analysis, PTCy was associated with a higher incidence of relapse at 2-year (41.1% versus 21.3%, p=0.039) compared to CSA/MTX. The incidence of day 180 grade II-IV acute GVHD (25.2% versus 25.4%, p=0.90) and 2-year chronic GVHD (42.6% versus 42.6%, p=0.84) were comparable between PTCy and CSA/MTX, respectively. Similarly, 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS, 54.4% versus 74.32%, p=0.052), overall survival (OS, 70.6% versus 79.7%, p=0.15) and GVHD-free-relapse-free survival (GRFS, 38.1% versus 52.5%, p=0.49) were not statistically different between PTCy versus CSA/MTX. In conclusion, GVHD prophylaxis with PTCy is feasible, resulting in similar incidences of GVHD, GRFS, LFS, and OS compared to conventional CSA/MTX in patients undergoing allo-HCT from MSD. The higher relapse observed with PTCy needs further evaluation in a prospective study.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6614, 2021 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758278

RESUMO

There is a plethora of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) serological tests based either on nucleocapsid phosphoprotein (N), S1-subunit of spike glycoprotein (S1) or receptor binding domain (RBD). Although these single-antigen based tests demonstrate high clinical performance, there is growing evidence regarding their limitations in epidemiological serosurveys. To address this, we developed a Luminex-based multiplex immunoassay that detects total antibodies (IgG/IgM/IgA) against the N, S1 and RBD antigens and used it to compare antibody responses in 1225 blood donors across Greece. Seroprevalence based on single-antigen readouts was strongly influenced by both the antigen type and cut-off value and ranged widely [0.8% (95% CI 0.4-1.5%)-7.5% (95% CI 6.0-8.9%)]. A multi-antigen approach requiring partial agreement between RBD and N or S1 readouts (RBD&N|S1 rule) was less affected by cut-off selection, resulting in robust seroprevalence estimation [0.6% (95% CI 0.3-1.1%)-1.2% (95% CI 0.7-2.0%)] and accurate identification of seroconverted individuals.


Assuntos
Antígenos/imunologia , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Testes Sorológicos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19/virologia , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo de Coronavírus/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfoproteínas/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Lancet Haematol ; 8(3): e205-e215, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and remission status at the time of allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) are the principal determinants of overall survival following transplantation. We sought to develop a contemporary disease-risk stratification system (DRSS) that accounts for heterogeneous transplantation indications. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study we included 55 histology and remission status combinations across haematological malignancies, including acute leukaemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic disorders. A total of 47 265 adult patients (aged ≥18 years) who received an allogeneic HSCT between Jan 1, 2012, and Dec 31, 2016, and were reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry were included. We divided EBMT patients into derivation (n=25 534), tuning (n=18 365), and geographical validation (n=3366) cohorts. Disease combinations were ranked in a multivariable Cox regression for overall survival in the derivation cohort, cutoff for risk groups were evaluated for the tuning cohort, and the selected system was tested on the geographical validation cohort. An independent single-centre US cohort of 660 patients transplanted between Jan 1, 2010, and Dec 31, 2015 was used to externally validate the results. FINDINGS: The DRSS model stratified patients in the derivation cohort (median follow-up was 2·1 years [IQR 1·0-3·2]) into five risk groups with increasing mortality risk: low risk (reference group), intermediate-1 (hazard ratio for overall survival 1·26 [95% CI 1·17-1·36], p<0·0001), intermediate-2 (1·53 [1·42-1·66], p<0·0001), high (2·03 [1·86-2·22], p<0·0001), and very high (2·87 [2·63-3·13], p<0·0001). DRSS levels were also associated with a stepwise increase in risk across the tuning and geographical validation cohort. In the external validation cohort (median follow-up was 5·7 years [IQR 4·5-7·1]), the DRSS scheme separated patients into 4 risk groups associated with increasing risk of mortality: intermediate-2 risk (hazard ratio [HR] 1·34 [95% CI 1·04-1·74], p=0·025), high risk (HR 2·03 [95% CI 1·39-2·95], p=0·00023) and very-high risk (HR 2·26 [95% CI 1·62-3·15], p<0·0001) patients compared with the low risk and intermediate-1 risk group (reference group). Across all cohorts, between 64% and 65% of patients were categorised as having intermediate-risk disease by a previous prognostic system (ie, the disease-risk index [DRI]). The DRSS reclassified these intermediate-risk DRI patients, with 855 (6%) low risk, 7111 (51%) intermediate-1 risk, 5700 (41%) intermediate-2 risk, and 375 (3%) high risk or very high risk of 14 041 patients in a subanalysis combining the tuning and internal geographic validation cohorts. The DRI projected 2-year overall survival was 62·1% (95% CI 61·2-62·9) for these 14 041 patients, while the DRSS reclassified them into finer prognostic groups with overall survival ranging from 45·7% (37·4-54·0; very high risk patients) to 73·1% (70·1-76·2; low risk patients). INTERPRETATION: The DRSS is a novel risk stratification tool including disease features related to histology, genetic profile, and treatment response. The model should serve as a benchmark for future studies. This system facilitates the interpretation and analysis of studies with heterogeneous cohorts, promoting trial-design with more inclusive populations. FUNDING: The Varda and Boaz Dotan Research Center for Hemato-Oncology Research, Tel Aviv University.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sociedades Médicas , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo
4.
J Clin Med Res ; 13(1): 64-72, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33613801

RESUMO

Background: Immunoglobulins (Igs) and cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems play a critical role in a host's response to sepsis. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible differences in the levels of Igs, white blood cells (WBCs), and T and B lymphocytes cells in relation to the microbiological and clinical responses of patients with sepsis or septic shock from carbapenem non-susceptible Gram-negative bacteria (CnS-GNB). Methods: This pilot cohort study involved 24 hospitalized patients with sepsis or septic shock due to bacteremia from CnS-GNB. The microbiological and clinical responses of the patients were evaluated in relation to their blood levels of IgA, IgE, IgM and IgG, as well as WBCs and subpopulations of T and B cells upon sepsis diagnosis. A microbiological response was determined as clearance of bacteremia at 14 days of active antibiotic treatment for the isolated bacterial pathogen. Clinical response was defined as the resolution of all clinical and laboratory signs of infection and sepsis at 14 days of active antibiotic treatment for the isolated pathogen. Results: From the 24 patients included in the study 18 (75%) and six patients (25%) presented and did not present microbiological response respectively, while 16 patients presented clinical response (64%) and eight patients (36%) did not have clinical response. The levels of the Igs did not show statistically significant differences between patients with sepsis from CnS-GNB bacteremia who exhibited microbiological or clinical response. There were also no statistically significant differences in the levels of WBCs and the subpopulations of T and B cells levels for these patients (P > 0.05). According to this pilot study, peripheral blood Igs and lymphocyte subpopulations levels do not affect the clinical and microbiological response of septic patients with bacteremia from CnS-GNB. Conclusions: In patients with sepsis or septic shock from CnSGNB, there were no differences in the levels of Igs, circulating WBCs and T and B cells subpopulations between those with microbiological or clinical response and non-responders.

5.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(3): 622-634, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020591

RESUMO

We compared transplant outcomes of 708 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients receiving haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation using thiotepa/busulfan/fludarabine (TBF) conditioning with posttransplant cyclophosphamide (ptCy), to 2083 patients receiving matched unrelated donor (MUD) transplantation using fludarabine/busulfan (FB) conditioning and in vivo T-cell depletion. For intermediate cytogenetic risk AML transplanted in first complete remission (CR1), multivariate analysis revealed that haplo-TBF significantly increased nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (HR 2.1; p = 0.0006) but did not affect relapse incidence (RI), leukemia-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS), or graft-versus-host disease-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS). For high cytogenetic risk AML transplanted in CR1, haplo-TBF significantly increased NRM (HR = 2.7; p = 0.02), decreased RI (HR = 0.45; p = 0.03) but had no influence on LFS, OS, or GRFS. For AML transplanted in CR2, haplo-TBF significantly increased NRM (HR = 2.36; p = 0.008), decreased RI (HR = 0.38; p = 0.005), but had no influence on LFS, OS, or GRFS. Finally, for AML patients transplanted with active disease, haplo-TBF had no influence on transplant outcomes. In conclusion, compared to MUD-FB, haplo-TBF increased NRM, reduced RI in high-risk AML in CR, resulting in similar LFS, OS, and GRFS. These results comparing two different approaches support the use of a haploidentical family donor for high-risk AML patients lacking a matched sibling donor.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tiotepa , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Haploidêntico , Doadores não Relacionados , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
6.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(2): 481-491, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892216

RESUMO

The optimal conditioning for patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission treated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) has not been defined so far. In this retrospective study, we compared two "reduced-toxicity" regimens: intravenous busulfan at a total dose of 9.6 mg/kg (3 days) + fludarabine (Bu3/Flu) and total body irradiation at a dose of 8 Gy + fludarabine (TBI8Gy/Flu). In the entire study cohort (n = 518), the probabilities of overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), relapse and non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 2 years for Bu3/Flu and TBI8Gy/Flu were 62% vs. 72.5% (p = 0.051), 59.5% vs. 65% (p = 0.15), 30% vs. 20% (p = 0.01), and 10% vs. 14% (p = 0.18), respectively. In multivariate model for patients <50 years old, TBI8Gy/Flu was associated with improved LFS (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.5, p = 0.04), OS (HR = 0.31, p = 0.004), and survival free from both graft-versus-host disease and relapse (HR = 0.55, p = 0.03), as well as tendency to reduced risk of relapse (HR = 0.53, p = 0.08). Among patients aged 50 years or older the use of TBI8Gy/Flu was associated with increased incidence of NRM (HR = 3.9, p = 0.0009), with no significant impact on other outcome measures. We conclude that the use of TBI8Gy/Flu as "reduced-toxicity" regimen may be advised in younger patients with AML referred for allo-HCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Bussulfano , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Irradiação Corporal Total
9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(1): 218-224, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724200

RESUMO

Detectable measurable residual disease (MRD) is a key prognostic factor in both acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Thus, we conducted a survey in EBMT transplant centers focusing on pre- and post-allo-HCT MRD. One hundred and six centers from 29 countries responded. One hundred had a formal strategy for routine MRD assessment, 91 for both ALL and AML. For ALL (n = 95), assessing MRD has been routine practice starting from 2010 (range, 1990-2019). Techniques used for MRD assessment consisted of PCR techniques alone (n = 27), multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC, n = 16), both techniques (n = 43), next-generation sequencing (NGS) + PCR (n = 2), or PCR + MFC + NGS (n = 7). The majority of centers assessed MRD every 2-3 months for 2 (range, 1-until relapse) years. For AML, assessing MRD was routine in 92 centers starting in 2010 (range 1990-2019). Assessment of MRD was by PCR (n = 23), MFC (n = 13), both PCR and MFC (n = 39), both PCR and NGS (n = 3), and by all three techniques (n = 14). The majority assesses MRD for AML every 2-3 months for 2 (range, 1-until relapse) years. This survey is the first step in the aim to include MRD status as a routine registry capture parameter in acute leukemia.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Neoplasia Residual , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo
11.
Microorganisms ; 8(12)2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260775

RESUMO

We evaluated the antibody responses in 259 potential convalescent plasma donors for Covid-19 patients. Different assays were used: a commercial ELISA detecting antibodies against the recombinant spike protein (S1); a multiplex assay detecting total and specific antibody isotypes against three SARS-CoV-2 antigens (S1, basic nucleocapsid (N) protein and receptor-binding domain (RBD)); and an in-house ELISA detecting antibodies to complete spike, RBD and N in 60 of these donors. Neutralizing antibodies (NAb) were also evaluated in these 60 donors. Analyzed samples were collected at a median time of 62 (14-104) days from the day of first symptoms or positive PCR (for asymptomatic patients). Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were detected in 88% and 87.8% of donors using the ELISA and the multiplex assay, respectively. The multivariate analysis showed that age ≥50 years (p < 0.001) and need for hospitalization (p < 0.001) correlated with higher antibody titers, while asymptomatic status (p < 0.001) and testing >60 days after symptom onset (p = 0.001) correlated with lower titers. Interestingly, pseudotype virus-neutralizing antibodies (PsNAbs) significantly correlated with spike and with RBD antibodies by ELISA. Sera with high PsNAb also showed a strong ability to neutralize active SARS-CoV-2 virus, with hospitalized patients showing higher titers. Therefore, convalescent plasma donors can be selected based on the presence of high RBD antibody titers.

12.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(24): 6475-6482, 2020 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988970

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) post allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) has a dismal prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To assess prognosis of patients with recurrent AML post allo-HCT over time, we analyzed European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry data of 8,162 adult patients with AML who relapsed between 2000 and 2018 after allo-HCT performed in first complete remission from matched sibling, unrelated, or haploidentical donors. RESULTS: The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate from relapse was 17%. For 3,630 patients, <50 years of age, the 2-year OS continuously increased from 16% between 2000 and 2004 to 18% for 2005-2009, to 21% for 2010-2014, and to 26% for 2015-2018 (P = 0.001). Improvement over time was noted both after relapse within and beyond 6 months from allo-HCT. On multivariate analysis among patients <50 years of age, OS was positively affected by a later year of relapse (baseline: 2000-2004; HR, 0.82; P < 0.02 for 2010-2014 and HR, 0.72; P = 0.0002 for 2015-2018), good performance status, favorable cytogenetics, and longer time from transplant to relapse, but negatively affected by increasing age. In contrast, among 4,532 patients, >50 years of age, the year of relapse had no influence on OS (16% for 2000-2004 and 14% for 2015-2018; P = 0.56). Regarding treatment, encouraging results were observed after second allo-HCT, which was performed within 2 years after relapse in 17% of the entire cohort, resulting in a 2-year OS of 30.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Outcome after posttransplant relapse among younger patients has improved significantly in recent years, likely reflecting, among other factors, the efficacy of posttransplant salvage including second allo-HCT.

13.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(11): 2165-2173, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717436

RESUMO

The use of myeloablative conditioning (MAC) in the setting of active relapsed/refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been hindered by high historical rates of nonrelapse mortality (NRM). FLAMSA (fludarabine, Ara-C, and amsacrine) chemotherapy (CT) followed by reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) has been proposed as an effective and potentially safer alternative in this scenario. As improvements in supportive care have contributed to decreasing NRM rates after MAC, a comparative reassessment of these two strategies was performed. This was a registry-based analysis by the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Eligibility criteria included age 18 to 50 years, primary refractory, first or second relapsed active AML, first allogeneic stem cell transplantation from a matched sibling donor (MSD) or an unrelated donor (UD) performed between 2005 and 2018, MAC or FLAMSA-RIC. A total of 1018 patients were included. The median patient age was 39 years (range, 18 to 50). Two hundred and fifty-eight patients received busulfan (Bu)/cyclophosphamide (Cy), 314 received Cy/total body irradiation (TBI), 318 received FLAMSA-TBI, and 128 received FLAMSA-CT. The median duration of follow-up was 50 months. In univariate analysis, the 2-year relapse incidence (RI) (54%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 50%-57%), leukemia-free survival (LFS) (30%; 95% CI, 27%-33%), and refined graft-versus-host disease-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (21%; 95% CI, 18%-24%) were not significantly different between cohorts. Lower 2-year NRM was observed in the FLAMSA-CT group (7% versus 16% in Bu/Cy, 19% in Cy/TBI, and 18% in FLAMSA-TBI; P = .04), as well as increased 2-year overall survival (OS) (50% versus 33% in Bu/Cy, 34% in Cy/TBI, and 36% in FLAMSA-TBI; P = .03). These results were maintained in the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR] for NRM: .40, P = .01; HR for OS: .65, P = .01; Bu/Cy as reference). These data suggest that FLAMSA-CT may be a preferred conditioning regimen in patients with active R/R AML due to lower NRM. Yet, the high relapse rates observed in our analyses emphasize the need for novel therapeutic strategies in this clinical setting.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Medula Óssea , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 87, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a major contributor to mortality and morbidity after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The updated recommendations suggest that rabbit antithymocyte globulin or anti-T-lymphocyte globulin (ATG) should be used for GVHD prophylaxis in patients undergoing matched-unrelated donor (MUD) allo-HSCT. More recently, using post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) in the haploidentical setting has resulted in low incidences of both acute (aGVHD) and chronic GVHD (cGVHD). Therefore, the aim of our study was to compare GVHD prophylaxis using either PTCY or ATG in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who underwent allo-HSCT in first remission (CR1) from a 10/10 HLA-MUD. METHODS: Overall, 174 and 1452 patients from the EBMT registry receiving PTCY and ATG were included. Cumulative incidence of aGVHD and cGVHD, leukemia-free survival, overall survival, non-relapse mortality, cumulative incidence of relapse, and refined GVHD-free, relapse-free survival were compared between the 2 groups. Propensity score matching was also performed in order to confirm the results of the main analysis RESULTS: No statistical difference between the PTCY and ATG groups was observed for the incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD. The same held true for the incidence of cGVHD and for extensive cGVHD. In univariate and multivariate analyses, no statistical differences were observed for all other transplant outcomes. These results were also confirmed using matched-pair analysis. CONCLUSION: These results highlight that, in the10/10 HLA-MUD setting, the use of PTCY for GVHD prophylaxis may provide similar outcomes to those obtained with ATG in patients with AML in CR1.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Doadores não Relacionados , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Causas de Morte , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Haematologica ; 105(6): 1507-1516, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241850

RESUMO

The FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene is mutated in 25-30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Because of the poor prognosis associated with FLT3-internal tandem duplication mutated AML, allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (SCT) was commonly performed in first complete remission. Remarkable progress has been made in frontline treatments with the incorporation of FLT3 inhibitors and the development of highly sensitive minimal/measurable residual disease assays. Similarly, recent progress in allogeneic hematopoietic SCT includes improvement of transplant techniques, the use of haploidentical donors in patients lacking an HLA matched donor, and the introduction of FLT3 inhibitors as post-transplant maintenance therapy. Nevertheless, current transplant strategies vary between centers and differ in terms of transplant indications based on the internal tandem duplication allelic ratio and concomitant nucleophos-min-1 mutation, as well as in terms of post-transplant maintenance/consolidation. This review generated by international leukemia or transplant experts, mostly from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, attempts to develop a position statement on best approaches for allogeneic hematopoietic SCT for AML with FLT3-internal tandem duplication including indications for and modalities of such transplants and on the potential optimization of post-transplant maintenance with FLT inhibitors.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Medula Óssea , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Indução de Remissão , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética
17.
Leuk Res ; 91: 106334, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe real-world management and clinical and economic outcomes of patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Belgium, Greece and Switzerland. METHODS: This descriptive, retrospective medical chart review collected patient-level data in 2018 from adults with ≥1 minimal residual disease (MRD) test during front-line ALL treatment. Data were stratified by MRD status. RESULTS: Eighty-two patients were included (median age 44 years, 23 % Philadelphia chromosome-positive; MRD-positive: n = 17, MRD-negative: n = 50, MRD result unknown: n = 15). HyperCVAD (32 %) and HOVON (26 %) were the most frequently used front-line treatment protocols; 22 % of patients received stem cell transplantation. Overall, 76 % of ALL patients were hospitalized (mean 1.1 hospitalization/month). Complete hematological response (CRh) occurred in 66/82 patients (80 %). Median relapse-free survival from CRh was 32.7 months (MRD-positive: 11.7 months; MRD-negative: 33.3 months). Median overall survival from diagnosis was 28.9 months (MRD-positive: 15.3 months; MRD-negative: not reached). Most patients (88 %) were MRD tested during induction; testing rates considerably decreased thereafter (39 % during consolidation). CONCLUSIONS: B-cell precursor ALL represents a clinical burden and impacts healthcare resources; MRD-positive patients have worse prognosis than MRD-negative patients. Efforts should be made to adhere to recommendations for MRD testing in clinical guidelines.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bélgica , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Suíça , Transplante Homólogo , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
18.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(4): 638-646, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131130

RESUMO

Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a life-threatening complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We hypothesized that pretransplant genetic susceptibility is evident in adult TA-TMA and further investigated the association of TMA-associated variants with clinical outcomes. We studied 40 patients with TA-TMA, donors of 18 patients and 40 control non-TMA HCT recipients, without significant differences in transplant characteristics. Genomic DNA from pretransplant peripheral blood was sequenced for TMA-associated genes. Donors presented significantly lower frequency of rare variants and variants in exonic/splicing/untranslated region (UTR) regions, compared with TA-TMA patients. Controls also showed a significantly lower frequency of rare variants in ADAMTS13, CD46, CFH, and CFI. The majority of TA-TMA patients (31/40) presented with pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants. Patients refractory to conventional treatment (62%) and patients that succumbed to transplant-related mortality (65%) were significantly enriched for variants in exonic/splicing/UTR regions. In conclusion, increased incidence of pathogenic, rare and variants in exonic/splicing/UTR regions of TA-TMA patients suggests genetic susceptibility not evident in controls or donors. Notably, variants in exonic/splicing/UTR regions were associated with poor response and survival. Therefore, pretransplant genomic screening may be useful to intensify monitoring and early intervention in patients at high risk for TA-TMA.


Assuntos
Genótipo , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/genética , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/genética , Regiões não Traduzidas/genética , Proteína ADAMTS13/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genoma , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sobrevida , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
19.
Blood ; 135(19): 1639-1649, 2020 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961921

RESUMO

Although allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is currently the standard curative treatment of acute leukemia, relapse remains unacceptably high. Measurable (minimal) residual disease (MRD) after allo-HCT may be used as a predictor of impending relapse and should be part of routine follow-up for transplanted patients. Patients with MRD may respond to therapies aiming to unleash or enhance the graft-versus-leukemia effect. However, evidence-based recommendations on how to best implement MRD testing and MRD-directed therapy after allo-HCT are lacking. Here, I describe our institutional approach to MRD monitoring for preemptive MRD-triggered intervention, using patient scenarios to illustrate the discussion.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Leucemia/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Residual/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Humanos , Leucemia/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasia Residual/etiologia , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Prognóstico , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(6): 1114-1125, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996792

RESUMO

To address limitations of the currently used reduced-intensity/myeloablative conditioning (RIC/MAC) classification scheme we aimed to develop a tool that can capture more standardized the conditioning intensity of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We assigned intensity weight scores for frequently used conditioning regimen components and used their sum to generate the transplant conditioning intensity (TCI) score. We retrospectively tested the impact of TCI on 8255 adult (45-65 years) acute myeloid leukemia patients who underwent HCT in first complete remission. A Cox model for early nonrelapse mortality (NRM) yielded a 3-group TCI risk scheme (low, intermediate, high) with respective TCI scores of [1-2], [2.5-3.5] and [4-6]. On multivariate modeling, TCI grouping was highly and better predictive for early (day 100 and 180) NRM, 2-year NRM and relapse (REL) as compared with the RIC/MAC classification. Validation was done on 200 bootstrap samples. Moreover, TCI scoring enabled the identification of a distinct subgroup of RIC and MAC conditioning regimens with an intermediate TCI [2.5-3.5] score that had identical outcomes and which are frequently referred as "reduced toxicity conditioning". TCI scheme provides an improvement of the RIC/MAC classification. We propose TCI as a new tool to define and measure the conditioning regimen intensity.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
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