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1.
Obstet Gynecol ; 139(5): 866-876, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare health care medical resource utilization in low-risk nulliparous pregnancies according to body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) categories. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized controlled trial of induction of labor between 39 0/7 39 and 4/7 weeks of gestation compared with expectant management in low-risk nulliparous pregnant people, defined as those without standard obstetric indications for delivery at 39 weeks. Body mass index at randomization was categorized into four groups (lower than 25, 25-29, 30-39, and 40 or higher). The primary outcome of this analysis was time spent in the labor and delivery department from admission to delivery. Secondary outcomes included length of stay (LOS) postdelivery, total hospital LOS, and antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum resource utilization, which were defined a priori. Multivariable generalized linear modeling and logistic regressions were performed, and 99% CIs were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 6,058 pregnant people were included in the analysis; 640 (10.6%) had BMIs of lower than 25, 2,222 (36.7%) had BMIs between 25 and 29, 2,577 (42.5%) had BMIs of 30-39, and 619 (10.2%) had BMIs of 40 or higher. Time spent in the labor and delivery department increased from 15.1±9.2 hours for people with BMIs of lower than 25 to 23.5±13.6 hours for people with BMIs of 40 or higher, and every 5-unit increase in BMI was associated with an average 9.8% increase in time spent in the labor and delivery department (adjusted estimate per 5-unit increase in BMI 1.10, 99% CI 1.08-1.11). Increasing BMI was not associated with an increase in antepartum resource utilization, except for blood tests and urinalysis. However, increasing BMI was associated with higher odds of intrapartum resource utilization, longer total hospital LOS, and postpartum resource utilization. For example, every 5-unit increase in BMI was associated with an increase of 26.1% in the odds of antibiotic administration, 57.6% in placement of intrauterine pressure catheter, 5.1% in total inpatient LOS, 31.0 in postpartum emergency department visit, and 23.9% in postpartum hospital admission. CONCLUSION: Among low-risk nulliparous people, higher BMI was associated with longer time from admission to delivery, total hospital LOS, and more frequent utilization of intrapartum and postpartum resources. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01990612.

2.
Am J Perinatol ; 2022 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35235954

RESUMO

Hospital labor and delivery floors frequently operate like intensive care units (ICUs)-with continuous data feeds pouring into central monitoring stations against a background of blaring alarms. Yet the majority of obstetric patients are healthy and do not require ICU-level care. Despite limited organizational recommendations guiding the frequency of vital sign measurement, continuous pulse oximetry is used widely for laboring patients. There is also no evidence that morbidity prevention is linked to specific frequencies of vital sign monitoring in low-risk patients. In fact, studies examining the performance of maternal early warnings systems based on vital signs suggest that these may not reliably provide actionable information regarding maternal physiologic status. Furthermore, it is very possible that intrapartum maternal overmonitoring can impact care negatively by generating alarm fatigue, causing providers to miss actual abnormal vital signs that may precede morbidity. KEY POINTS: · Labor and delivery units may engage in maternal physiologic overmonitoring.. · Overmonitoring increases risk for alarm fatigue.. · Deimplementing low-value care may improve obstetric outcomes..

3.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(3): e28379, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35357310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of care in labor and delivery is traditionally measured through the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems but less is known about the experiences of care reported by patients and caregivers on online sites that are more easily accessed by the public. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to generate insight into the labor and delivery experience using hospital reviews on Yelp. METHODS: We identified all Yelp reviews of US hospitals posted online from May 2005 to March 2017. We used a machine learning tool, latent Dirichlet allocation, to identify 100 topics or themes within these reviews and used Pearson r to identify statistically significant correlations between topics and high (5-star) and low (1-star) ratings. RESULTS: A total of 1569 hospitals listed in the American Hospital Association directory had at least one Yelp posting, contributing a total of 41,095 Yelp reviews. Among those hospitals, 919 (59%) had at least one Yelp rating for labor and delivery services (median of 9 reviews), contributing a total of 6523 labor and delivery reviews. Reviews concentrated among 5-star (n=2643, 41%) and 1-star reviews (n=1934, 30%). Themes strongly associated with favorable ratings included the following: top-notch care (r=0.45, P<.001), describing staff as comforting (r=0.52, P<.001), the delivery experience (r=0.46, P<.001), modern and clean facilities (r=0.44, P<.001), and hospital food (r=0.38, P<.001). Themes strongly correlated with 1-star labor and delivery reviews included complaints to management (r=0.30, P<.001), a lack of agency among patients (r=0.47, P<.001), and issues with discharging from the hospital (r=0.32, P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Online review content about labor and delivery can provide meaningful information about patient satisfaction and experiences. Narratives from these reviews that are not otherwise captured in traditional surveys can direct efforts to improve the experience of obstetrical care.

4.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 226(5): 718.e1-718.e10, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35202591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence of detachment of the levator ani muscle system is seen more frequently in patients with pelvic floor disorders. It has been suggested that passive descent of the fetus before pushing could be used to decrease operative vaginal delivery and levator ani muscle injury. OBJECTIVE: This planned analysis aimed to determine whether immediate or delayed pushing was associated with an increased proportion of injury to the levator ani muscle system after the first delivery among nulliparous women. STUDY DESIGN: The Optimizing Management of the Second Stage study was a multicenter randomized trial. Nulliparous women with term pregnancies and neuraxial analgesia were randomly assigned at complete cervical dilation to either immediate pushing or delayed pushing for 1 hour. A subset of participants consented to longitudinal objective pelvic floor assessments: (1) during postpartum stay (initial), (2) at 6 weeks (postpartum 1), and (3) at 6 months (postpartum 2) with transperineal 3-dimensional ultrasound. Following the completion of all visits by all subjects, saved 3-dimensional ultrasound volumes were assessed in a masked fashion. The outcome was "occult" levator ani muscle injury on the right or left, defined as a widening of the attachment of the levator ani to its origin utilizing the levator-urethra gap measurement. Measurements and proportions were compared between the 2 groups by study visit using the χ2 test or Fisher exact test for categorical variables and the t test or Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables as appropriate. RESULTS: Here, 941 of 2414 randomized subjects (39.0%) participated in the pelvic floor assessments: 452 in the immediate pushing group and 489 in the delayed pushing group. We obtained sonograms on 67%, 83%, and 77% of the pelvic floor assessment participants at the initial, postpartum 1, and postpartum-2 visits, respectively. Demographic and labor characteristics were comparable between the 2 groups; 94% of participants were non-Hispanic, and 50% of participants were Black. Levator ani muscle injury was noted in 77 participants (13.6%) at the initial visit, 99 (13.1%) at PP1, and 72 (10.6%) at PP2. There was no difference in injury between women in the immediate pushing group and women in the delayed pushing group. These findings did not change when the threshold (sensitivity) of levator ani muscle injury was adjusted to a less conservative measure. CONCLUSION: Among nulliparous women at term with neuraxial analgesia, the rates of occult levator ani muscle injury were not different between women undergoing immediate pushing and women undergoing delayed pushing in the second stage of labor. Further research efforts are needed to understand the development and potential prevention of subsequent pelvic floor disorders.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Diafragma da Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Diafragma da Pelve/lesões , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia
5.
Health Serv Res ; 2022 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35128641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a measure of patient-centered care (PCC) culture in hospital-based perinatal care. DATA SOURCES: Data were obtained from US perinatal hospitals: one provided survey development data and 14 contributed data for survey testing. STUDY DESIGN: We used qualitative and quantitative methods to develop the mother-infant centered care (MICC) culture survey. Qualitative methods included observation, focus group, interviews, and expert consultations to adapt items from other settings and create new items capturing dimensions of PCC articulated by The Commonwealth Fund. We quantitatively assessed survey psychometric properties using reliability (Cronbach's α and Pearson correlation coefficients) and validity (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis [CFA]) statistics, and refined the survey. After confirming aggregation suitability (ICCs), we calculated "MICC culture scores" at the individual, unit, and hospital level and assessed associations between scores and survey-collected, staff-reported outcomes to evaluate concurrent validity. DATA COLLECTION: Survey development included 12 site-visit observations, one semi-structured focus group (five participants), two semi-structured interviews, five cognitive interviews, and three expert consultations. Survey testing used online surveys administered to obstetric and neonatal unit staff (N = 316). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using responses from 10 hospitals with ≥4 responses from both units (n = 240), the 20-item MICC culture survey demonstrated reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.95) while capturing all PCC dimensions (subscale Cronbach's α = 0.72-0.87). CFA showed validity through goodness-of-fit (overall chi-square = 214 [p-value = 0.012], SRMR = 0.056, RMSEA = 0.041, CFI = 0.97, and TLI = 0.96). Aggregation statistics (ICCs < 0.05) justify unit- and hospital-level aggregation. Demonstrating preliminary validity, individual-, unit-, and hospital-level MICC culture scores were associated with all outcomes (satisfaction with care provided, within-unit team effectiveness, and relational coordination [RC] between units) (p-values < 0.05), except for neonatal unit scores and RC (p-value = 0.11). CONCLUSIONS: The MICC culture survey is a psychometrically sound measure of PCC culture for hospital-based perinatal care. Survey scores are associated with staff-reported outcomes. Future studies with patient outcomes will aid identification of improvement opportunities in perinatal care.

6.
Clin Obstet Gynecol ; 65(1): 148-160, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045037

RESUMO

The coincidence of a global pandemic with 21st-century telecommunication technology has led to rapid deployment of virtual obstetric care beginning in March of 2020. Pregnancy involves uniquely time-sensitive health care that may be amenable to restructuring into a hybrid of telemedicine and traditional visits to optimize accessibility and outcomes. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has provided an unprecedented natural laboratory to explore how virtual obstetric care programs can be developed, implemented, and maintained, both as a contingency model for the pandemic and potentially for the future. Here, we discuss the role of telehealth and virtual care for pregnancy management in the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, as well as anticipated barriers, challenges, and strategies for success for obstetric telemedicine.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Telemedicina , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Obstet Gynecol ; 139(1): 73-82, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856577

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate race and ethnicity differences in cesarean birth and maternal morbidity in low-risk nulliparous people at term. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of expectant management compared with induction of labor in low-risk nulliparous people at term. The primary outcome was cesarean birth. Secondary outcome was maternal morbidity, defined as: transfusion of 4 or more units of red blood cells, any transfusion of other products, postpartum infection, intensive care unit admission, hysterectomy, venous thromboembolism, or maternal death. Multivariable modified Poisson regression was used to evaluate associations between race and ethnicity, cesarean birth, and maternal morbidity. Indication for cesarean birth was assessed using multivariable multinomial logistic regression. A mediation model was used to estimate the portion of maternal morbidity attributable to cesarean birth by race and ethnicity. RESULTS: Of 5,759 included participants, 1,158 (20.1%) underwent cesarean birth; 1,404 (24.3%) identified as non-Hispanic Black, 1,670 (29.0%) as Hispanic, and 2,685 (46.6%) as non-Hispanic White. Adjusted models showed increased relative risk of cesarean birth among non-Hispanic Black (adjusted relative risk [aRR] 1.21, 95% CI 1.03-1.42) and Hispanic (aRR 1.26, 95% CI 1.08-1.46) people compared with non-Hispanic White people. Maternal morbidity affected 132 (2.3%) individuals, and was increased among non-Hispanic Black (aRR 2.05, 95% CI 1.21-3.47) and Hispanic (aRR 1.92, 95% CI 1.17-3.14) people compared with non-Hispanic White people. Cesarean birth accounted for an estimated 15.8% (95% CI 2.1-48.7%) and 16.5% (95% CI 4.0-44.0%) of excess maternal morbidity among non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic people, respectively. CONCLUSION: Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic nulliparous people who are low-risk at term undergo cesarean birth more frequently than low-risk non-Hispanic White nulliparous people. This difference accounts for a modest portion of excess maternal morbidity.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Paridade , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Transtornos Puerperais/etnologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 4(2): 100533, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In randomized trials, antepartum intravenous iron sucrose is effective at improving predelivery hemoglobin in iron deficiency anemia. Yet, there is a gap between this knowledge and its implementation into care. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine if the implementation of a standardized protocol for the management of antepartum anemia outside of a clinical trial improves intravenous iron sucrose utilization and clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective cohort study evaluating the incorporation of an anemia protocol into routine clinical care for women with antepartum hemoglobin <11.0 g/dL. Our protocol, developed with multidisciplinary stakeholders, included (1) serial third trimester hemoglobin assessment, (2) oral iron supplementation for antepartum hemoglobin 9.5-11 g/dL, and (3) antepartum intravenous iron sucrose use (300 mg weekly for 3 weeks) for hemoglobin <9.5 g/dL. We compared 6-months preimplementation (January 2018 to June 2018) to 6-months postimplementation (January 2019 to June 2019). The outcomes evaluated were antepartum intravenous iron sucrose utilization, the number of intravenous iron sucrose dosages, predelivery hemoglobin, and blood transfusion. RESULTS: A total of 1423 women were included (pre=778; post=645) without significant baseline differences. The antepartum hemoglobin nadir was no different between the groups (pre: 10.2; interquartile range [9.6-10.6] vs post: 10.2; interquartile range [9.6-10.6]; P=.77). The implementation of a standardized protocol for the management of antepartum anemia was associated with 80% increased odds of receiving intravenous iron sucrose than the preimplementation group (pre: 4.8% vs post: 8.2%, P=.008; odds ratio, 1.79; 95% confidence interval, [1.16-2.77]). The implementation of a standardized protocol for the management of antepartum iron deficiency anemia was also associated with higher hemoglobin at admission for delivery (pre: 10.9; interquartile range [10.1-11.6] vs post: 11.0; interquartile range [10.3-11.7], P=.048). There were no significant differences between the groups in blood product transfusion (pre: 7.1% vs post: 5.1%, P=.13). CONCLUSION: Implementation of a standardized antepartum anemia protocol is associated with increased intravenous iron sucrose utilization and improvement in predelivery hemoglobin.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Anemia , Hematínicos , Transtornos Puerperais , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Feminino , Compostos Férricos/uso terapêutico , Óxido de Ferro Sacarado/uso terapêutico , Hematínicos/uso terapêutico , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Hemoglobinas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Transtornos Puerperais/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BJOG ; 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) among low-risk nulliparous women expectantly managed at or after 39 weeks of gestation are associated with adverse outcomes. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomised trial. SETTING: Multicentre, USA. POPULATION: Individuals in the expectantly managed group who delivered on or after 39 weeks. METHODS: Multivariable analysis to estimate adjusted relative risks (aRR) for binomial outcomes, adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for multinomial outcomes and 95% CI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Composite adverse maternal outcome including placental abruption, pulmonary oedema, postpartum haemorrhage, postpartum infection, venous thromboembolism or intensive care unit admission. Secondary outcomes included a composite of perinatal death or severe neonatal complications, mode of delivery, small and large for gestational age and neonatal intermediate or intensive unit length of stay. RESULTS: Of the 3044 women randomised to expectant management in the original trial, 2718 (89.3%) were eligible for this analysis, of whom 373 (13.7%) developed HDP. Compared with participants who remained normotensive, those who developed HDP were more likely to experience the maternal composite (12% versus 6%, aRR 1.84, 95% CI 1.33-2.54) and caesarean delivery (29% versus 23%, aOR 1.32, 95% CI 1.01-1.71). Differences between the two groups were not significantly different for the adverse perinatal composite (7% versus 5%, aRR 1.38, 95% CI 0.92-2.07) or for other secondary outcomes. CONCLUSION: Almost 14% of low-risk nulliparous individuals expectantly managed at 39 weeks developed HDP, and were more likely to experience adverse maternal outcomes compared with those who did not develop HDP. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Almost 14% of low-risk nulliparous individuals expectantly managed at 39 weeks developed hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and were more likely to experience adverse maternal outcomes compared with those who did not develop hypertensive disorders.

11.
Am J Perinatol ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our prior work demonstrated decreased birth satisfaction for Black women undergoing labor induction. We aimed to determine if implementation of standardized counseling around calculated cesarean risk during labor induction could reduce racial disparities in birth satisfaction. STUDY DESIGN: We implemented use of a validated calculator that provides an individual cesarean risk score for women undergoing induction into routine care. This prospective cohort study compared satisfaction surveys for 6 months prior to implementation (preperiod: January 2018-June 2018) to 1 year after (postperiod: July 2018-June 2019). Women with full-term (≥37 weeks) singleton gestations with intact membranes and an unfavorable cervix undergoing induction were included. In the postperiod, providers counseled patients on individual cesarean risk at the beginning of induction using standardized scripts. This information was incorporated into care at patient-provider discretion. The validated 10-question Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) subdivided into three domains was administered throughout the study. Patients were determined to be "satisfied" or "unsatisfied" if total BSS-R score was above or below the median, respectively. In multivariable analysis, interaction terms evaluated the differential impact of the calculator on birth satisfaction by race (Black vs. non-Black women). RESULTS: A total of 1,008 of 1,236 (81.6%) eligible women completed the BSS-R (preperiod: 330 [79.7%] versus postperiod: 678 [82.5%], p = 0.23), 63.8% of whom self-identified as Black. In the pre-period, Black women were 50% less likely to be satisfied than non-Black women, even when controlling for differences in parity (Black: 39.0% satisfied vs. non-Black: 53.9%, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.49, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.30-0.79). In the postperiod, there was no difference in satisfaction by race (Black: 43.7% satisfied vs. non-Black: 44.0%, aOR = 0.97. 95% CI: 0.71-1.33). Therefore, disparities in birth satisfaction were no longer present at postimplementation (interaction p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Implementation of standardized counseling with a validated calculator to predict cesarean risk after labor induction is associated with a decrease in racial disparities in birth satisfaction. KEY POINTS: · Preintervention, Black women were less likely to have above-median birth satisfaction.. · We implemented standardized counseling around cesarean risk with labor induction.. · Implementation was associated with reduced racial disparities in birth satisfaction scores..

12.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate prevalence of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection among patients admitted to obstetric inpatient units throughout the United States as detected by universal screening. We sought to describe the relationship between obstetric inpatient asymptomatic infection rates and publicly available surrounding community infection rates. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which medical centers reported rates of positive SARS-CoV-2 testing in asymptomatic pregnant and immediate postpartum patients over a 1-3-month time span in 2020. Publicly reported SARS-CoV-2 case rates from the relevant county and state for each center were collected from the COVID Act Now dashboard and the COVID Tracking Project for correlation analysis. RESULTS: Data were collected from nine health centers, encompassing 18 hospitals. Participating health centers were located in Alabama, California, Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, and Washington State. Each hospital had an active policy for universal SARS-CoV-2 testing on obstetric inpatient unit. A total of 10,147 SARS-CoV-2 tests were administered, of which 124 were positive (1.2%). Positivity rates varied by site, ranging from 0-3.2%. While SARS-CoV-2 infection rates were lower in asymptomatic obstetric inpatient groups than the surrounding communities, there was a positive correlation between positivity rates in obstetric inpatient units and their surrounding county (p=.003, r=.782) and state (p=.007, r=.708). CONCLUSIONS: Given the correlation between community and obstetric inpatient rates, the necessity of SARS-CoV-2 related healthcare resource utilization in obstetric inpatient units may be best-informed by surrounding community infection rates.

13.
Am J Perinatol ; 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes by method of cervical ripening for labor induction among low-risk nulliparous individuals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial of labor induction at 39 weeks versus expectant management in low-risk nulliparous participants. Participants undergoing cervical ripening for labor induction in either group were included. Participants were excluded for preripening membrane rupture, abruption, chorioamnionitis, fetal demise, or cervical dilation ≥3.5 cm. Cervical ripening was defined by the initial method used: prostaglandin only (PGE; referent), Foley with concurrent prostaglandin (Foley-PGE), Foley only (Foley), and Foley with concurrent oxytocin (Foley-oxytocin). Coprimary outcomes were adverse maternal and neonatal composites. Secondary outcomes included cesarean delivery and length of labor and delivery (L&D) stay. Multivariable analysis was used to adjust for patient characteristics. RESULTS: Of 6,106 participants included in the trial, 2,376 (38.9%) met criteria for this analysis. Of these, 1,247 (52.4%) had cervical ripening with PGE, 290 (12.2%) had Foley-PGE, 385 (16.2%) had Foley, and 454 (19.1%) had Foley-oxytocin. The maternal composite outcome was similar among participants who received Foley-PGE (24.1%, adjusted relative risk [aRR] = 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.96-1.52), Foley (21.3%, aRR = 1.16, 95% CI: 0.92-1.45), or Foley-oxytocin (19.4%, aRR = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.83-1.29), compared with PGE (19.7%). The neonatal composite outcome was less frequent in participants who received the Foley-PGE (2.4%, aRR = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.16-0.75) or Foley (3.6%, aRR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.29-0.89) but did not reach statistical significance for participants who received Foley-oxytocin (4.6%, aRR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.40-1.01) compared with PGE only (6.8%). Participants who received Foley-PGE or Foley-oxytocin had a shorter L&D stay (adjusted mean difference = -1.97 hours, 95% CI: -3.45 to -0.49 and -5.92 hours, 95% CI: -7.07 to -4.77, respectively), compared with PGE. CONCLUSION: In term low-risk nulliparous participants, Foley alone or concurrent with PGE is associated with a lower risk of adverse neonatal outcomes than with PGE alone. Length of L&D stay was the shortest with concurrent Foley-oxytocin. KEY POINTS: · Adverse maternal outcomes are similar among different methods of cervical ripening in low-risk women.. · Adverse neonatal outcomes are less frequent with use of Foley alone or in combination with PGE.. · The use of Foley alone, or in combination with other agents, appears to be beneficial..

14.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 3(6): 100446, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Up to 30% of patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy continue to have elevated blood pressures after delivery, often necessitating medication titration or hospital evaluation in the weeks following hospital discharge. A previous randomized controlled trial demonstrated that remote blood pressure monitoring programs led to an increase in the number of blood pressure measurements obtained and increased compliance with clinical guidelines regarding the monitoring of patients for persistent or worsening postpartum hypertension. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to measure the program participant response rates during the first 10 days after hospital discharge, to assess the replicability and scalability of the program, and to evaluate patient satisfaction at 3 distinct sites. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study across 3 US academic medical centers during which postpartum participants with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were enrolled in a previously validated, remote, text message-based blood pressure monitoring program known as Heart Safe Motherhood. English-speaking patients with access to a text message-enabled cell phone and with a diagnosis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were candidates for enrollment in the study. Each study site planned to enroll approximately 66 participants in this pilot implementation phase. All the enrolled participants received a validated blood pressure cuff, education on proper use of the device, and were sent text messages as a reminder to check their blood pressures twice daily for 10 days after discharge. They were asked to reply via text message with their blood pressure readings. All blood pressure readings were reviewed via a web-based platform by a physician. Physicians communicated with patients whose blood pressure levels exceeded 160 mm Hg systolic or 100 mm Hg diastolic to determine the next management steps. Enrollees were texted a survey at the end of the 10 days and the responses were recorded. The proportion of eligible parturients who were enrolled, the number of measured blood pressure values, and the postprogram survey results were measured. We assessed the number of patients who reported elevated blood pressures, required antihypertensive medication, and were readmitted for blood pressure control during the program duration. RESULTS: A total of 199 participants were enrolled in the program: 66 at site A, 67 at site B, and 66 at site C. In the 10 days after hospital discharge, 192 (97%) participants submitted at least 1 blood pressure measurement via text message. More enrolled patients submitted a blood pressure measurement on postpartum days 7 to 10 (171, 86%) than on days 1 to 4 (134, 67%). A total of 126 (63%) participants submitted blood pressures during both time frames. Elevated blood pressures were recorded for 70 (35%) participants, 32 (16%) of whom were started on oral antihypertensives after discussing their blood pressure measurements with an on-call provider. A total of 10 participants (5%) required hypertension-related readmission after delivery. The end-of-program survey was completed by 98 (49%) of the participants. Of those who completed the survey, 93% agreed that the program helped them to monitor their blood pressure (89% at site A; 88% at site B, and 100% at site C), and 93% would recommend it to friends or family members (94% at site A, 96% at site, and 88% at site C). CONCLUSION: Postpartum participants are willing and capable of using the Heart Safe Motherhood program for remote blood pressure monitoring and reported high satisfaction with the program across multiple sites. Our study demonstrated that this remote blood pressure monitoring program can be implemented successfully and demonstrated replicable efficacy at diverse sites.


Assuntos
Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Feminino , Humanos , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Am J Perinatol ; 38(14): 1453-1458, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the risk of cesarean among women with obesity undergoing labor induction within a prospective trial that utilized a standardized labor protocol. STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of induction methods. Term (≥37 weeks) women with intact membranes undergoing induction with an unfavorable cervix (Bishop's score ≤6 and dilation ≤2 cm) were included. The trial utilized a labor protocol that standardized induction and active labor management, with recommendations for interventions at particular time points. Only women with a recorded body mass index (BMI) at prenatal care start were included in this analysis. The primary outcome was cesarean delivery compared between obese (≥30 kg/m2) and nonobese (<30 kg/m2) women. Indication for cesarean was also evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 465 women were included: 207 (44.5%) obese and 258 (55.5%) nonobese. Women with obesity had a higher risk of cesarean compared with women without obesity (33.3 vs. 23.3%, p = 0.02), even when adjusting for parity, weight change over pregnancy, and indication for induction (adjusted relative risk [aRR] = 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI]: [1.34-2.39]). Compared with women without obesity, women with obesity had a higher risk of failed induction (47.8 vs. 26.7%, p = 0.01) without a difference in arrest of active phase (p = 0.39), arrest of descent (p = 0.95) or fetal indication (p = 0.32), despite adherence to a standardized labor protocol. CONCLUSION: Compared with women without obesity, women with obesity undergoing an induction are at increased risk of cesarean, in particular a failed induction, even within the context of standardized induction management. As standardized practices limit provider variation in labor management, this study may support physiologic differences in labor processes secondary to obesity. KEY POINTS: · Even with a standardized induction protocol, women with obesity are at higher risk of cesarean.. · In particular, women with obesity are at increased risk of cesarean for failed induction.. · These findings support a possible biologic relationship between obesity and failed induction..


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto Induzido , Obesidade , Complicações na Gravidez , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/métodos , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Am J Perinatol ; 38(13): 1341-1347, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate opioid use after cesarean delivery (CD) and to assess implementation of an enhanced recovery after CD (ERAS-CD) pathway and its association with inpatient and postdischarge pain control and opioid use. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a baseline survey of women who underwent CD from January to March 2017 at a single, urban academic hospital. Patients were called 5 to 8 days after discharge and asked about their pain and postdischarge opioid use. An ERAS-CD pathway was implemented as a quality improvement initiative, including use of nonopioid analgesia and standardization of opioid discharge prescriptions to ≤25 tablets of oxycodone of 5 mg. From November to January 2019, a postimplementation survey was conducted to assess the association between this initiative and patients' pain control and postoperative opioid use, both inpatient and postdischarge. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 152 women preimplementation (PRE) and 137 women post-implementation (POST); complete survey data were obtained from 102 women PRE and 98 women POST. The median inpatient morphine milligram equivalents consumed per patient decreased significantly from 141 [range: 90-195] PRE to 114 [range: 45-168] POST (p = 0.002). On a 0- to 10-point scale, median patient-reported pain scores at discharge decreased significantly (PRE: 7 [range: 5-8] vs. POST 5 [range: 3-7], p < 0.001). The median number of pills consumed after discharge also decreased significantly (PRE: 25 [range: 16-30] vs. POST 17.5 [range: 4-25], p = 0.001). The number of pills consumed was significantly associated with number prescribed (p < 0.001). The median number of leftover pills and number of refills did not significantly differ between groups. Median patient-reported pain scores at the week after discharge were lower in the POST group (PRE: 4 [range: 2-6] vs. POST 3[range: 1-5], p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Implementing an ERAS-CD pathway was associated with a significant decrease in inpatient and postdischarge opioid consumption while improving pain control. Our data suggest that even fewer pills could be prescribed for some patients. KEY POINTS: · An ERAS-CD pathway was associated with decreased opioid use.. · Outpatient opioid consumption after cesarean warrants further study.. · Physician prescribing drives patients' opioid consumption..


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Narcóticos/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Oxicodona/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/normas , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Adulto , Procedimentos Clínicos , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Medição da Dor , Adulto Jovem
19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 538, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of regionalized perinatal care, specifically levels of maternal care, is to improve maternal outcomes through risk-appropriate obstetric care. Studies of levels of maternal care are limited by current approaches to identify a hospital's level of care, often relying on hospital self-reported data, which is expensive and challenging to collect and validate. The study objective was to develop an empiric approach to determine a hospital's level of maternal care using administrative data reflective of the patient care provided and apply this approach to describe the levels of maternal care available over time. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of mother-infant dyads who delivered in California, Missouri, and Pennsylvania hospitals from 2000 to 2009. Linked mother-infant administrative records with an infant born at 24-44 weeks' gestation and a birth weight of 400-8000 g were included. Using the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine descriptions of levels of maternal care, four levels were classified based on the appropriate location of care for patients with specific medical or pregnancy conditions. Individual hospitals were assigned a level of maternal care annually based on the volume of patients who delivered reflective of the four classified levels as determined by International Classification of Diseases and Current Procedural Terminology. RESULTS: Based on the included 6,895,000 mother-infant dyads, the obstetric hospital levels of maternal care I, II, III and IV were identified. High-risk patients more frequently delivered in hospitals with higher level maternal care, accounting for 8.9, 10.9, 13.8, and 16.9% of deliveries in level I, II, III and IV hospitals, respectively. The total number of obstetric hospitals decreased over the study period, while the proportion of hospitals with high-level (level III or IV) maternal care increased. High-level hospitals were located in more densely populated areas. CONCLUSION: Identification of the level of maternal care, independent of hospital self-reported variables, is feasible using administrative data. This empiric approach, which accounts for changes in hospitals over time, is a valuable framework for perinatal researchers and other stakeholders to inexpensively identify measurable benefits of levels of maternal care and characterize where specific patient populations receive care.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materna , Criança , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Missouri , Pennsylvania , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 3(5): 100389, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine can extend essential health services to under-resourced settings and improve the quality of obstetrical care. Specifically, the evaluation and management of fetal anomalies require perinatal subspecialists, rendering prenatal diagnosis essential, and may benefit from telemedicine platforms to improve access to care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of a maternal-fetal medicine telemedicine ultrasound program on the diagnostic accuracy of fetal anomalies when used within practices where ultrasounds are interpreted by general obstetricians or family medicine physicians. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of all patients receiving care at 11 private obstetrical practices and imaging centers who had obstetrical ultrasounds performed from January 1, 2020, to July 6, 2020. All ultrasounds were performed by sonographers remotely trained under a standardized protocol and interpreted by maternal-fetal medicine physicians via telemedicine. Ultrasound characteristics and interpretation were extracted from ultrasound reports. Before the introduction of maternal-fetal medicine telemedicine, all ultrasound interpretations were reviewed by general obstetricians and family medicine physicians with reliance predominantly on the sonographer's impression. The primary outcome was potential missed diagnosis of a fetal anomaly, defined as an ultrasound designated as normal by a sonographer but diagnosed with an anomaly by a maternal-fetal medicine physician via telemedicine. This outcome serves as a proxy measure for anomaly diagnoses that would likely be missed without the supervision of a maternal-fetal medicine physician. The characteristics of the potential missed diagnoses were compared by type of scan and fetal organ system in univariable analysis. Moreover, a survey was conducted for sonographers and obstetrical providers to assess their perceptions of ultrasound interpretation via telemedicine. RESULTS: Overall, 6403 ultrasound examinations were evaluated, 310 of which had a diagnosis of fetal anomaly by a maternal-fetal medicine physician (4.8%). Of the fetal anomalies, 43 were diagnosed on an anatomic survey (13.9%), and 89 were diagnosed as cardiac anomalies (28.7%). The overall rate of the potential missed diagnoses was 34.5% and varied significantly by type of ultrasound (anatomy scans vs other first-, second-, and third-trimester ultrasounds) (P<.01). Moreover, there were significant differences in the rate of the potential missed diagnoses by organ system, with the highest rate for cardiac anomalies (P<.01). CONCLUSION: Expertise in maternal-fetal medicine telemedicine improves the diagnostic performance of antenatal ultrasound throughout pregnancy. However, there are implications for improving the quality of antenatal care, such as ensuring appropriate referrals and site of delivery, particularly for cardiac anomalies.


Assuntos
Perinatologia , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
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