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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 177, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caregivers are major contributor to the self-care of patients with heart failure. The Caregiver Contribution to Self-Care of Heart Failure Index (CC-SCHFI) measures these contributions across three scales: self-care maintenance (symptom monitoring and treatment adherence); self-care management (dealing with symptoms); and confidence in contributing to the self-care (self-efficacy in managing self-care) of patients with heart failure. Informal caregivers play a vital role in supporting family members with heart failure in Thailand, yet no validated tool exists to measure their contribution. We examined the psychometric properties of the CC-SCHFI in a Thai population. METHODS: The CC-SCHFI was translated into Thai using a standard forward and backward translation procedure. A cross-sectional design was used to examine the psychometric properties of the Thai version of the CC-SCHFI in 100 family caregivers of heart failure patients in Southern Thailand. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess construct validity, and factor score determinacy coefficients were computed to evaluate internal consistency reliability. RESULTS: The Thai version of the CC-SCHFI demonstrated acceptable internal consistency (composite reliability of each scale ranged from 0.76 to 0.99). Reliability estimates were adequate for each scale (McDonald's omega ranged from 0.75 to 0.96). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the original factor structure of the instrument, with good fit indices for all three scales (comparative fit index = 0.98-1.00; root-mean-square error of approximation = 0.00-0.07). CONCLUSIONS: The Thai version of the CC-SCHFI appears to be a valid and reliable instrument for measuring caregiver contributions to self-care maintenance and self-care management as well as contributing to caregiver confidence in the self-care of Thai heart failure patients.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Insuficiência Cardíaca/enfermagem , Autocuidado/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tailândia , Traduções
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969146

RESUMO

With sequencing as a standard frontline protocol to identify emerging viruses such Zika virus and SARS-CoV-2, direct utilization of sequence data to program antivirals against the viruses could accelerate drug development to treat their infections. CRISPR-Cas effectors are promising candidates that could be programmed to inactivate viral genetic material based on sequence data but several challenges such as delivery and design of effective crRNA need to be addressed to realize practical use. Here, we showed that virus-like particle (VLP) could deliver PspCas13b-crRNA ribonucleoprotein (RNP) in nanomolar range to efficiently suppress dengue virus infection in primary human target cells. Shortening spacer length could significantly enhance RNA-targeting efficiency of PspCas13b in mammalian cells compared to the natural length of 30 nucleotides without compromising multiplex targeting by a crRNA array. Our results demonstrate the potentials of applying PspCas13b RNP to suppress RNA virus infection, with implications in targeting host RNA as well.

3.
J Adv Nurs ; 73(4): 857-870, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27779768

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate a heart failure education programme developed for patients and carers in Thailand. BACKGROUND: Heart failure is major health problem. This is the first trial of a family-based education programme for heart failure patients and carers residing in rural Thailand. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: One hundred patient-carer dyads attending cardiac clinics in southern Thailand from April 2014 - March 2015 were randomized to usual care (n = 50) or a family-based education programme (n = 50) comprising face-to-face counselling, a heart failure manual and DVD and telephone support. Assessments of heart failure knowledge, health-related quality of life, self-care behaviours and perceived control were conducted at baseline, three and six months. RESULTS: Linear mixed-effects model revealed that patients and carers who received the education programme had higher knowledge scores at three and six months than those who received usual care. Among those who received the education programme, when compared with those who received usual care, patients had better self-care maintenance and confidence, and health-related quality of life scores at three and six months, and better self-care management scores at six months, whereas carers had higher perceived control scores at three months. CONCLUSION: Addressing a significant service gap in rural Thailand, this family-based heart failure programme improved patient knowledge, self-care behaviours and health-related quality of life and carer knowledge and perceived control.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/educação , Cuidadores/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tailândia
4.
Patient Educ Couns ; 99(3): 326-338, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26519992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence for the efficacy of family-based education for heart failure (HF) patients and carers. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted. Databases CINAHL, MEDLINE Complete, Cochrane, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Scopus were searched between 1 January 2005 and 1 May 2015. Randomised controlled trials included HF patient and carer dyads or carers alone. The primary outcome was HF knowledge. Secondary outcomes included self-care behaviour, dietary and treatment adherence, quality of life, depression, perceived control, hospital readmissions, and carer burden. RESULT: Six trials reported in nine papers were included. Wide variation in the quality of the studies was found. Two studies only examined HF knowledge; a significant improvement among patients and carers was reported. Other significant findings were enhanced patient self-care, boosted dietary and treatment adherence, enriched patient quality of life, improved perceived control among patients but not carers, and reduced carer burden CONCLUSION: Modest evidence was found for family-based education among HF patients and carers. Methodological shortcomings of trials signify the need for empirically sound future research. PRACTICE IMPLICATION: Family-based HF education needs to include strategies that are tailored to the HF patient and carer, and sustainable in nature.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/educação , Família/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Cuidadores/psicologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Autocuidado
5.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 14: 173, 2014 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25475489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) significantly impacts on the daily lives of patients and their carers. In Western society HF education programs have increased patient and carer knowledge and improved health-related quality of life. However, there is a paucity of such evidence in Asia. For example, to date no studies have been conducted in Thailand to investigate the potential benefits of a family-based education program on the health outcomes of HF patients and carers. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial will evaluate the effectiveness of an education program on knowledge, self-care and health-related quality of life of Thai HF patients and their carers. Assessments will be conducted at baseline, three and six months. Participants will be assigned by independent random allocation to an intervention (family-based education plus usual care) or a control (usual care) group. Analyses will be conducted on an intention-to-treat basis. DISCUSSION: This trial will be the first to evaluate the effectiveness of family-based education for HF patients and carers residing in rural Thailand. It attempts to advance understanding of family-based HF education and address the gap in service provision. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Thai Clinical Trial Registry TCTR20140506003.


Assuntos
Família , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Cuidadores , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Autocuidado , Método Simples-Cego , Inquéritos e Questionários , Materiais de Ensino , Tailândia
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