Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 778
Filtrar
1.
Proteomics ; : e1900010, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419058

RESUMO

While aberrant protein glycosylation is a recognised characteristic of human cancers, advances in glycoanalytics continue to discover new associations between glycoproteins and tumourigenesis. This glycomics-centric study investigates a possible link between protein paucimannosylation, an under-studied class of human N-glycosylation [Man1-3 GlcNAc2 Fuc0-1 ], and human cancers. The paucimannosidic glycans (PMGs) of 34 cancer cell lines and 133 tissue samples spanning 11 cancer types and matching non-cancerous specimens were profiled from 467 published and unpublished PGC-LC-MS/MS N-glycome datasets collected over a decade within our laboratories. PMGs, particularly Man2-3 GlcNAc2 Fuc1 , were prominent features of 29 cancer cell lines, but the PMG level varied dramatically across and within the investigated cancer types (1.0%-50.2%). Analyses of paired (tumour/non-tumour) and stage-stratified tissues demonstrated that PMGs are significantly enriched in tumour tissues from several cancer types including liver cancer (p = 0.0033) and colorectal cancer (p = 0.0017) and is elevated as a result of prostate cancer and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia progression (p<0.05). Surface expression of paucimannosidic epitopes was demonstrated on human glioblastoma cells using immunofluorescence while biosynthetic involvement of N-acetyl-ß-hexosaminidase was indicated by quantitative proteomics. This intriguing association between protein paucimannosylation and human cancers warrants further exploration to detail the biosynthesis, cellular location(s), protein carriers and functions of paucimannosylation in tumourigenesis and metastasis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(4): 658-670, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397987

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To critically review all literature concerning the cost-effectiveness of flexible ureteroscopy comparing single-use with reusable scopes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic online literature review was performed in PubMed, Embase and Google Scholar databases. All factors potentially affecting surgical costs or clinical outcomes were considered. Prospective assessments, case control and case series studies were included. RESULTS: 741 studies were found. Of those, 18 were duplicated and 77 were not related to urology procedures. Of the remaining 646 studies, 59 were considered of relevance and selected for further analysis. Stone free and complication rates were similar between single-use and reusable scopes. Operative time was in average 20% shorter with digital scopes, single-use or not. Reusable digital scopes seem to last longer than optic ones, though scope longevity is very variable worldwide. New scopes usually last four times more than refurbished ones and single-use ureterorenoscopes have good resilience throughout long cases. Longer scope longevity is achieved with Cidex and if a dedicated nurse takes care of the sterilization process. The main surgical factors that negatively impact device longevity are lower pole pathologies, large stone burden and non-use of a ureteral access sheath. We have built a comprehensive fi nancial costeffective decision model to fl exible ureteroscope acquisition. CONCLUSIONS: The cost-effectiveness of a fl exible ureteroscopy program is dependent of several aspects. We have developed a equation to allow a literature-based and adaptable decision model to every interested stakeholder. Disposable devices are already a reality and will progressively become the standard as manufacturing price falls.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 452019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Measurements of stone features may vary according to the non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) technique. Using magnified bone window is the most accurate method to measure urinary stones. Possible differences between stone mea¬surements in different NCCT windows have not been evaluated in stones located in the kidney. The aim of this study is to compare measurements of kidney stone features between NCCT bone and soft tissue windows in patients submitted to retrograde intra¬renal surgery (RIRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative and 90th postoperative day NCCT were performed in 92 consecutive symptomatic adult patients (115 renal units) with kidney stones be¬tween 5 mm to 20 mm (< 15 mm in the lower calyx) treated by RIRS. NCCT were evalu¬ated in the magnified bone window and soft tissue window in three axes in a different time by a single radiologist blinded for the measurements of the NCCT other method. RESULTS: Stone largest size (7.92±3.81 vs. 9.13±4.08; mm), volume (435.5±472.7 vs. 683.1±665.0; mm3) and density (989.4±330.2 vs. 893.0±324.6; HU) differed between bone and soft-tissue windows, respectively (p<0.0001) 5.2% of the renal units (6/115) were reclassified from residual fragments > 2 mm on soft tissue window to 0-2 mm on bone window. CONCLUSION: Kidney stone measurements vary according to NCCT window. Measurements in soft tissue window NCCT of stone diameter and volume are larger and stone density is lesser than in bone window. These differences may have impact on clinical decisions.

4.
Urology ; 2019 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310774

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define computed tomography (CT) predictors of residual fragments after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for kidney stones up to 20 mm in patients never submitted to surgical procedures for stone removal. METHODS: From August 2016 to August 2017, symptomatic adult patients with kidney stones less than 20 mm treated by RIRS had their pre- and postoperative CT prospectively evaluated in search for predictors of residual stone fragments. Stone size, stone volume, number of stones, stone density, and location were evaluated in preoperative CT and analyzed as predictors for residual stone fragments on 90 POD CT. Stone location was represented by the infundibulopelvic angle (IPA) measured for each stone on preoperative noncontrast CT using multiplanar reconstruction. RESULTS: Ninety-two patients were successfully submitted to RIRS. Bilateral procedures were performed in 23 patients (25%) resulting in 115 renal units operated. Operative time was 54.5 ± 26.7 minutes (mean ± SD) and 96.7% (89/92) of the patients were discharged up to 12 hours after the procedure. Postoperative CT demonstrated stone-free in 86 of 115 (74.8%), 0-2 mm in 10 of 115 (8.7%), and > 2 mm residual fragments in 19 of 115 (16.5%) procedures. Logistic regression analysis revealed steep IPA was a predictor for any residual stone fragment after RIRS for kidney stones < 20 mm (P= .012). ROC curve showed that IPA < 41° was associated with a higher chance of residual fragments after RIRS. CONCLUSION: IPA < 41° is associated with a higher chance of residual fragments after RIRS for kidney stones up to 20 mm.

5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 605-614, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012315

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To cross-culturally adapt and check for the reliability and validity of the neurogenic bladder symptom score questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, in patients with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire was culturally adapted according to international guidelines. The Brazilian version was applied in patients diagnosed with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis, twice in a range of 7 to 14 days. Psychometric properties were tested such as content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. Results: Sixty-eight patients participated in the study. Good internal consistency of the Portuguese version was observed, with Cronbach α of 0.81. The test-retest reliability was also high, with an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0.86 [0.76 - 0.92] (p<0.0001). In the construct validity, the Pearson Correlation revealed a moderate correlation between the Portuguese version of the NBSS and the Qualiveen-SF questionnaire (r = 0.66 [0.40-0.82]; p <0.0001). Conclusions: The process of cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the NBSS questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction was concluded.

6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 514-522, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012319

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate risk factors for complications in patients undergoing adrenalectomy. Materials and Methods: A retrospective search of our institutional database was performed of patients who underwent adrenalectomy, between 2014 and 2018. Clinical parameters and adrenal disorder characteristics were assessed and correlated to intra and post-operative course. Complications were analyzed within 30-days after surgery. A logistic regression was performed in order to identify independent predictors of morbidity in patients after adrenalectomy. Results: The files of 154 patients were reviewed. Median age and Body Mass Index (BMI) were 52-years and 27.8kg/m2, respectively. Mean tumor size was 4.9±4cm. Median surgery duration and estimated blood loss were 140min and 50mL, respectively. There were six conversions to open surgery. Minor and major post-operative complications occurred in 17.5% and 8.4% of the patients. Intra-operative complications occurred in 26.6% of the patients. Four patients died. Mean hospitalization duration was 4-days (Interquartile Range: 3-8). Patients age (p=0.004), comorbidities (p=0.003) and pathological diagnosis (p=0.003) were independent predictors of post-operative complications. Tumor size (p<0.001) and BMI (p=0.009) were independent predictors of intra-operative complications. Pathological diagnosis (p<0.001) and Charlson score (p=0.013) were independent predictors of death. Conclusion: Diligent care is needed with older patients, with multiple comorbidities and harboring unfavorable adrenal disorders (adrenocortical carcinoma and pheocromocytoma), who have greater risk of post-operative complications. Patients with elevated BMI and larger tumors have higher risk of intra, but not of post-operative complications.

7.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(3): e20192092, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to investigate the risk factors for conversion to open surgery in laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) for urolithiasis. METHODS: we reviewed data on all patients over 18 years of age submitted to LN between January 2006 and May 2013 at our institution. We analyzed the Charlson's index, the ASA score, renal function by the equation and stage of MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease), preoperative computed tomography (CT) findings, complications by the Clavien-Dindo classification and conversion rate. We used logistic regression analysis to determine the risk factors for conversion. RESULTS: eighty-four patients underwent LN, 16 (19%) sustaining convertion to open surgery due to the strong adhesion of the renal hilum to the adjacent organs. Other causes associated with conversion were excessive bleeding (n=6) and lesion of the large intestine (n=3). In the univariate analysis, previous renal surgery, perirenal fat blurring, renal abscess, perirenal abscess, pararenal abscess, fistula, adherence to the liver or spleen, and adherence to the intestine were associated with conversion. In the multivariate analysis, pararenal abscess and adherence to the intestine were significant risk factors for conversion. CONCLUSION: pararenal abscess and bowel adhesions demonstrated in the preoperative CT are risk factors for conversion to open surgery in LN due to urolithiasis.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Urolitíase/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Urolitíase/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 514-522, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038857

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate risk factors for complications in patients undergoing adrenalectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective search of our institutional database was performed of patients who underwent adrenalectomy, between 2014 and 2018. Clinical parameters and adrenal disorder characteristics were assessed and correlated to intra and post-operative course. Complications were analyzed within 30-days after surgery. A logistic regression was performed in order to identify independent predictors of morbidity in patients after adrenalectomy. RESULTS: The files of 154 patients were reviewed. Median age and Body Mass Index (BMI) were 52-years and 27.8kg/m2, respectively. Mean tumor size was 4.9±4cm. Median surgery duration and estimated blood loss were 140min and 50mL, respectively. There were six conversions to open surgery. Minor and major post-operative complications occurred in 17.5% and 8.4% of the patients. Intra-operative complications occurred in 26.6% of the patients. Four patients died. Mean hospitalization duration was 4-days (Interquartile Range: 3-8). Patients age (p=0.004), comorbidities (p=0.003) and pathological diagnosis (p=0.003) were independent predictors of post-operative complications. Tumor size (p<0.001) and BMI (p=0.009) were independent predictors of intra-operative complications. Pathological diagnosis (p<0.001) and Charlson score (p=0.013) were independent predictors of death. CONCLUSION: Diligent care is needed with older patients, with multiple comorbidities and harboring unfavorable adrenal disorders (adrenocortical carcinoma and pheocromocytoma), who have greater risk of post-operative complications. Patients with elevated BMI and larger tumors have higher risk of intra, but not of post-operative complications.


Assuntos
Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/complicações , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/cirurgia , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/complicações , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/complicações , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/patologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
9.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 605-614, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To cross-culturally adapt and check for the reliability and validity of the neurogenic bladder symptom score questionnaire to Brazilian portuguese, in patients with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was culturally adapted according to international guidelines. The Brazilian version was applied in patients diagnosed with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis, twice in a range of 7 to 14 days. Psychometric properties were tested such as content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients participated in the study. Good internal consistency of the Portuguese version was observed, with Cronbach α of 0.81. The test-retest reliability was also high, with an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0.86 [0.76 - 0.92] (p<0.0001). In the construct validity, the Pearson Correlation revealed a moderate correlation between the Portuguese version of the NBSS and the Qualiveen-SF questionnaire (r = 0.66 [0.40-0.82]; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The process of cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the NBSS questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction was concluded.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Avaliação de Sintomas/normas , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
JSLS ; 23(2)2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097906

RESUMO

Background and Objective: The number of laparoscopic procedures increases annually with an estimated 3% of complications, one third of them linked to Verres' needle or trocar insertion. The safety and efficacy of ports insertion during laparoscopic surgery may be related the technique but also to trocar design. This study aims to compare physical parameters of abdominal wall penetration for 5 different trocars. Methods: Eleven pigs were studied. Five different commercially available trocars were randomically inserted at the midline. Real-time video recording of the insertions was achieved to measure the excursion of the abdominal wall and the time and distance the cutting surface of the bladed trocars was exposed inside the abdominal cavity. An especially designed hand sensor was developed and placed between the trocar and the hand of the surgeon to record force required for abdominal wall perforation. Results: Greater deformations and forces occurred in nonbladed as compared to bladed trocars, and in conical trocars as compared to pyramidal pointed ones, except for peritoneum perforation. Greater distance and time of blade exposure occurred in pyramidal laminae as compared to conical. Conclusion: The bladed trocars have lower forces and deformations in their introduction, and should be those that cause less injury and are more suitable for first entry. Conical and pyramidal trocars with the same blade size showed similar force, deformation, time, and distance of exposed blade.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Animais , Desenho de Equipamento , Laparoscopia/métodos , Modelos Animais , Suínos
11.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215201, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973927

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Interstitial Cystitis (IC) is a chronic condition diagnosed based on the presence of symptoms, such as suprapubic/ pelvic pain, pressure or discomfort in association with urgency and increased urinary frequency. Confusable diseases must be excluded. However, there is no objective test or marker to establish the presence of the disease. Diagnosis and patient management is often difficult, given the poor understanding of IC pathogenesis and its unknown etiology and genetics. As an attempt to find biomarkers related to IC, we assessed the association between 20 selected single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) with IC and pain severity. OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of SNPs in IC patients' blood samples and correlate them with the disease and chronic pain condition. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted. We selected 34 female patients with IC diagnosed according to NIDDK criteria and 23 patients in the control group (previously healthy women with only stress urinary incontinence). IC patients were allocated into two groups according to reported chronic pain severity. We selected the following SNPs for analysis: rs1800871, rs1800872, rs1800896, rs1800471, rs1800629, rs361525, rs1800497, rs6311, rs6277, rs6276, rs6313, rs2835859, rs11127292, rs2243248, rs6887695, rs3212227, rs1799971, rs12579350, rs3813034, and rs6746030. Genotyping was performed by real-time PCR (q-PCR). RESULTS: The polymorphic allele of SNP rs11127292 exhibited a higher frequency in subjects with IC than in controls (p:0.01). The polymorphic allele of SNP rs6311 was more frequent in patients with severe pain (p:0.03). The frequency of the wild-type allele of SNP rs1799971 was higher in patients with mild to moderate pain (p:0.04). CONCLUSION: The results indicated differences in SNP frequency among subjects, suggesting that SNPs could serve either as a marker of IC or as a marker of pain severity in IC patients. The study showed promising results regarding IC and polymorphism associations. These associations have not been previously reported.

12.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 42(7): 1001-1007, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993369

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the effects of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) on prostatic elasticity as assessed by Ultrasound Elastography (US-E), as well as to describe the feasibility and role of US-E as a novel tool in both pre- and post-PAE evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, single-center investigation that included eight patients undergoing PAE for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) attributed to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Baseline and 3-month follow-up evaluations were performed and included prostate-specific antigen (PSA), uroflowmetry, pelvic magnetic resonance imaging and clinical assessment using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire and the IPSS-Quality of life (QoL) item. US-E with measurement of the prostatic Elastic Modulus (EM) was performed before PAE and at 1-month follow-up. RESULTS: After PAE, US-E showed a significant reduction of prostatic EM as assessed in kPa (33.14 vs. 47.24, - 29.8%, p = 0.002) and in m/s (3.75 vs. 4.63, - 19.0%, p < 0.001). Also, the transitional/peripheral zone ratio was significantly reduced by 45.36% (0.53 vs. 0.97, p < 0.05). All eight patients presented with significant LUTS improvement after PAE (p < 0.05 for IPSS, QoL, prostate volume, peak urinary flow rate and PSA). CONCLUSIONS: Findings described in this study suggest that PAE significantly reduces prostatic EM, leading to a positive effect on BPH dynamic component related to prostatic elasticity. Also, it features US-E as an additional tool for pre- and post-PAE evaluation, describing a novel indication for this technology.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Seguimentos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 30(2): 228-232, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30717954

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the 12-month post-prostatic artery embolization (PAE) clinical outcomes of patients who were and were not taking 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) at the time of PAE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients who underwent PAE from 2010 to 2017 due to lower urinary tract symptoms, secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). One hundred fifty-five patients were included and divided in 2 groups; these groups did not present statistically significant differences in their baseline characteristics-those taking 5ARIs (Y-5ARIs, n = 40) and those not taking 5ARIs (N-5ARIs, n = 115). International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the sub-item Quality of Life (QoL), and the incidence of clinical failure were used as primary endpoints. Secondary endpoints included mean prostate volume reduction and mean peak flow rate (Qmax) improvement. Clinical failure or recurrence was defined as absence of symptomatic improvement (IPSS ≥ 8 or QoL ≥ 3) or the need for invasive BPH treatment (PAE or transurethral resection of the prostate) during the 12-month follow-up period. RESULTS: After 12-month follow-up, IPSS, QoL, and prostatic volume were significantly lower compared to baseline in both groups, and Qmax showed a significant increase. No statistically significant differences were observed in outcomes between N-5ARIs and Y-5ARIs, and the clinical failure rate for both groups was approximately 20%. CONCLUSIONS: The use of 5ARIs did not show a detrimental effect on clinical outcomes of PAE, in either subjective (IPSS, QoL, and clinical failure) or objective (prostatic volume and Qmax) parameters.


Assuntos
Inibidores de 5-alfa Redutase/uso terapêutico , Artérias , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Inibidores de 5-alfa Redutase/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Resultado do Tratamento , Urodinâmica
14.
Can J Urol ; 26(1): 9664-9674, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797250

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The optimal patient positioning for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) based on the complexity of stone burden is not yet defined. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the intraoperative parameters, effectiveness and complications of patients undergoing PCNL between the endoscopic-guided prone split-leg PCNL (ePSL) and the supine PCNL by stratifying patients according to Guy's stone score (GSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients undergoing PCNL at two high-volume tertiary referral centers. At one center, patients underwent PCNL using the ePSL technique, while at the second center, patients underwent PCNL in supine. Patient demographics and stone characteristics, operative details, complications and effectiveness were compared between groups. The impact of obesity was also investigated. RESULTS: Of 830 subjects, a total of 449 (54%) underwent PCNL in ePSL and 381 (46%) in supine. The ePSL group had a greater mean age and body mass index. No statistical differences were found in gender, serum chemistry and Charlson comorbidity index. After stratifying patients by GSS, the differences in baseline stone burden between PSL and supine lost significance and both groups could be compared. Complications were not statistically different between both groups. Univariate analysis demonstrated that multiple tracts and lower pole access were more prevalent in supine. In addition, for GSS1-3, ePSL was correlated with reduced operative time, radiation exposure, length of hospital stay and need for secondary procedure. Multivariate analysis correlated ePSL with lower radiation exposure and need for secondary procedures (p = 0.01). In comparison to the whole trial population, the same tendencies were appreciated for obese cohort. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report focusing on the performance differences between ePSL and supine PCNL stratified by GSS. Both techniques are safe, with a low rate of complications. For GSS1-3, ePSL reduces radiation exposure and requires less need for both multiple access and secondary procedure.

15.
J Endourol ; 33(7): 527-532, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793920

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate whether reducing the dose of fluoroscopy to » of standard dose during unilateral ureteroscopy for ureteral stone treatment would impact in a reduction of total radiation emitted and whether this strategy would impact operation time, stone-free rate, and complication rate. Methods: From August 2016 to August 2017, patients over 18 years submitted to ureteroscopy for ureteral stone between 5 and 20 mm were prospectively randomized for » dose reduction or standard dose fluoroscopy. Patients with abnormal urinary anatomy such as horseshoe kidney, pelvic kidney, or duplex system were excluded from the study. Results: Ninety-four patients were enrolled. The fluoroscopic dose reduction strategy to » of the standard dose was able to significantly reduce the cumulative radiation emitted by C-arm fluoroscopy and the dose area product (3.6 ± 4.5 mGy vs 16.2 ± 19.3 mGy, p = 0.0001 and 0.23 ± 0.52 mcGycm2 vs 1.15 ± 2.74 mcGycm2, p = 0.02, respectively). Fluoroscopy time was similar between groups (74.5 ± 84.8 seconds vs 88.3 ± 90 seconds, p = 0.44). There was no need to increase the fluoroscopy dose during any of the procedures. Surgical outcomes were not affected by fluoroscopic dose reduction strategy. Conclusion: Low dose fluoroscopy reduces the emitted radiation during ureteroscopy without compromising surgical outcomes.

16.
Urology ; 125: 34-39, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30615893

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the opinion of Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP)-naïve urologists about a surgical simulator and the level of difficulty at each step. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 40 HoLEP-naïve urologists in a course involving 4 steps: lecture introducing Holmium laser basics and technique; live surgery; video explaining prostate enucleation using simulators; and simulator trial. A survey was applied to evaluate content validity and face validity of the simulator. Subjects also ranked the level of difficulty of each surgical step. RESULTS: All urologists agreed on the importance of a validated HoLEP simulator in training; 95% agreed that simulation-based training is essential for patient safety. The mean rate of face validity of all analyzed components was 8.4 (8.1-9.0). Instrumentation was considered the most realistic component, followed by laser-tissue interaction. Positioning the fiber and bladder neck incisions (BNIs) at 5 and 7-o'clock were the easiest steps. Detaching the median lobe from the bladder neck, BNI at 12, dividing the mucosal bridge distally, and joining the upper and lower incisions were the most difficult steps. Residents found more difficulty in joining the BNIs distally (3.6 vs 2.4, P = .006) and in dividing the mucosal bridge distally (4.0 vs 3.0, P = .038) when compared to specialists. CONCLUSION: HoLEP-naïve urologists found this simulator useful and important for patient safety. Most components were considered realistic. Simulation was able to reproduce the levels of difficulty usually found in real life cases. The level of expertise may influence the learning process of some steps.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Prostatectomia/educação , Prostatectomia/métodos , Treinamento por Simulação , Urologia/educação , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 100-107, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-989963

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: Nephrectomy due to stone disease may be a challenging procedure owing to the presence of significant inflammation and infection, involving high complication rate. The objective of our study was to identify predictors for complications of nephrectomy for urolithiasis. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of 149 consecutive patients > 18y submitted to simple nephrectomy for urolithiasis from January 2006 to July 2012 was performed. Clinical data, computed tomography findings and pathology report were analyzed. Postoperative complications were categorized based on Clavien - Dindo classification. Logistic multivariate regression models assessed the predictors for surgical complications of nephrectomy for urolithiasis. Results: Eighty-three (55.7%) patients were submitted to laparoscopic nephrectomy and 66 (44.2%) to open procedure. Conversion to open surgery was necessary in 19.2% (16 / 83). On univariable analysis, higher preoperative chronic kidney stage (p = 0.02), Charlson comorbidity index ≥ 2 (p = 0.04), higher ASA score (p = 0.001), urgency due to sepsis (p = 0.01), kidney size ≥ 12 cm (p = 0.006), renal and perirenal abscess (p = 0.004 and 0.002 respectively) and visceral adhesion (p = 0.04) were associated with Clavien - Dindo score > 1. On multivariate analysis, higher ASA score (p = 0.01), urgency due to sepsis (p = 0.03), kidney size ≥ 12 cm (p = 0.04) and preoperative abscess (p = 0.04) remained significantly associated with complications. End - stage renal disease with dialysis was needed post - operatively in 3.4% (5 / 144) of patients. Conclusions: We identified that higher ASA score, urgency due to sepsis, kidney size ≥ 12 cm and preoperative abscess were associated with Clavien - Dindo score > 1.

18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(3): e20192092, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013157

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: investigar os fatores de risco de conversão para cirurgia aberta na nefrectomia laparoscópica (NL) para urolitíase. Métodos: foram revisados os dados de todos os pacientes maiores de 18 anos de idade submetidos à NL entre janeiro de 2006 e maio de 2013 em nossa Instituição. Índice de Charlson, escore ASA, função renal pela equação e estágio de MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease), achados de tomografia computadorizada (TC) pré-operatória, complicações pela classificação de Clavien-Dindo e taxa de conversão foram analisados. Determinaram-se os fatores de risco para conversão por meio de regressão logística. Resultados: oitenta e quatro pacientes foram submetidos à LN, sendo que 16 (19%) tiveram seu procedimento convertido para cirurgia aberta devido à forte aderência do hilo renal aos órgãos adjacentes. Outras causas associadas à conversão foram sangramento excessivo (n=6) e lesão do intestino grosso (n=3). Na análise univariada, cirurgia renal prévia, borramento da gordura perirrenal, abscesso renal, abscesso perirrenal, abscesso pararrenal, fístula, aderência ao fígado ou baço e aderência ao intestino foram associados à conversão. Na análise multivariada, abscesso pararrenal e aderência ao intestino foram fatores de risco significativos para a conversão. Conclusão: abscesso pararrenal e aderência ao intestino demonstrados na TC pré-operatória são fatores de risco de conversão para cirurgia aberta em LN por urolitíase.


ABSTRACT Objective: to investigate the risk factors for conversion to open surgery in laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) for urolithiasis. Methods: we reviewed data on all patients over 18 years of age submitted to LN between January 2006 and May 2013 at our institution. We analyzed the Charlson's index, the ASA score, renal function by the equation and stage of MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease), preoperative computed tomography (CT) findings, complications by the Clavien-Dindo classification and conversion rate. We used logistic regression analysis to determine the risk factors for conversion. Results: eighty-four patients underwent LN, 16 (19%) sustaining convertion to open surgery due to the strong adhesion of the renal hilum to the adjacent organs. Other causes associated with conversion were excessive bleeding (n=6) and lesion of the large intestine (n=3). In the univariate analysis, previous renal surgery, perirenal fat blurring, renal abscess, perirenal abscess, pararenal abscess, fistula, adherence to the liver or spleen, and adherence to the intestine were associated with conversion. In the multivariate analysis, pararenal abscess and adherence to the intestine were significant risk factors for conversion. Conclusion: pararenal abscess and bowel adhesions demonstrated in the preoperative CT are risk factors for conversion to open surgery in LN due to urolithiasis.

19.
Int Braz J Urol ; 442018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30521174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nephrectomy due to stone disease may be a challenging procedure owing to the presence of significant inflammation and infection, involving high complication rate. The objective of our study was to identify predictors for complications of nephrectomy for urolithiasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 149 consecutive patients > 18y submitted to simple nephrectomy for urolithiasis from January 2006 to July 2012 was performed. Clinical data, computed tomography findings and pathology report were analyzed. Postoperative complications were categorized based on Clavien - Dindo classification. Logistic multivariate regression models assessed the predictors for surgical complications of nephrectomy for urolithiasis. RESULTS: Eighty-three (55.7%) patients were submitted to laparoscopic nephrectomy and 66 (44.2%) to open procedure. Conversion to open surgery was necessary in 19.2% (16 / 83). On univariable analysis, higher preoperative chronic kidney stage (p = 0.02), Charlson comorbidity index ≥ 2 (p = 0.04), higher ASA score (p = 0.001), urgency due to sepsis (p = 0.01), kidney size ≥ 12 cm (p = 0.006), renal and perirenal abscess (p = 0.004 and 0.002 respectively) and visceral adhesion (p = 0.04) were associated with Clavien - Dindo score > 1. On multivariate analysis, higher ASA score (p = 0.01), urgency due to sepsis (p = 0.03), kidney size ≥ 12 cm (p = 0.04) and preoperative abscess (p = 0.04) remained significantly associated with complications. End - stage renal disease with dialysis was needed post - operatively in 3.4% (5 / 144) of patients. CONCLUSIONS: We identified that higher ASA score, urgency due to sepsis, kidney size ≥ 12 cm and preoperative abscess were associated with Clavien - Dindo score > 1.

20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1089-1105, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975672

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the length hospital stay and predictors of prolonged hospitalization after RRP performed in a high-surgical volume teaching institution, and analyze the rate of unplanned visits to the office, emergency care, hospital readmissions and perioperative complications rates. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data in a standardized database for patients with localized prostate cancer undergoing RRP in our institution between January/2010 - January/2012. A logistic regression model including preoperative variables was initially built in order to determine the factors that predict prolonged hospital stay before the surgical procedure; subsequently, a second model including both pre and intraoperative variables was analyzed. Results: 1011 patients underwent RRP at our institution were evaluated. The median hospital stay was 2 days, and 217 (21.5%) patients had prolonged hospitalization. Predictors of prolonged hospital stay among the preoperative variables were ICC (OR. 1.40 p=0.003), age (OR 1.050 p<0.001), ASA score of 3 (OR. 3.260 p<0.001), prostate volume on USG-TR (OR, 1.005 p=0.038) and African-American race (OR 2.235 p=0.004); among intra and postoperative factors, operative time (OR 1.007 p=0.022) and the presence of any complications (OR 2.013 p=0.009) or major complications (OR 2.357 p=0.01) were also correlated independently with prolonged hospital stay. The complication rate was 14.5%. Conclusions: The independent predictors of prolonged hospitalization among preoperative variables were CCI, age, ASA score of 3, prostate volume on USG-TR and African-American race; amongst intra and postoperative factors, operative time, presence of any complications and major complications were correlated independently with prolonged hospital stay.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA