Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 37
Filtrar
1.
Semin Oncol Nurs ; : 151216, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is little research on the patient experience of symptom burden from CAR T-cell therapy, and no validated measure specific to the symptoms of CAR T-cell therapy currently exists. The purpose of this study was to identify symptoms experienced and to determine the content domain for a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measuring symptom burden for patients who had received standard of care CAR T-cell therapy for advanced B-cell lymphoid malignancies. DATA SOURCES: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with a sample of 21 patients who had received CAR T-cell therapy. Content analysis was used to define the symptom burden content domain. CONCLUSION: Sixty-two percent of patients were interviewed within 3 months of therapy; 81.0% experienced cytokine release syndrome and 28.6% experienced neurotoxicity. Content analysis found 31 symptoms related to disease and treatment. The most common disease-related symptom identified by patients was pain (43%). The most common symptoms identified by patients as related to CAR T-cell therapy included fatigue (tiredness) (62%), lack of appetite (29%), headache (29%), chills or feeling cold (24%), and feeling confused (24%). The qualitative analysis also confirmed that symptoms interfere with daily activities, work, walking, relationships with others, mood, and enjoyment of life. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Patients who receive standard CAR T-cell therapy experience numerous symptoms related to disease and CAR T-cell therapy, including symptoms related to the T-cell infusion. Symptoms may result in interference with daily activities, relationships, treatment adherence, and mood. Oncology nurses should be aware of and assess symptom related to CAR T-cell therapy.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629467

RESUMO

Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive hematological malignancy; however, some patients achieve durable remission with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). We report on all 17 patients with BPDCN who underwent allo-HCT at our center between 2000 and 2020. The median age was 39 (18-67) years. All (n = 16, 94%), except one patient, had systemic disease involving bone marrow and/or other organs. Ten patients (59%) were in first complete remission (CR1) at allo-HCT. The donor source was matched related or unrelated in ten (59%) and alternate donor in seven (41%) patients. Five (31%) patients developed acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), all grade I-II. The cumulative incidence (CI) of chronic GVHD at five-year was 34%. The CI of non-relapse mortality at one-year was 29%. Progression-free survival (PFS) rates at two-year and five-year were 49% (95% CI = 22-71%) and 39% (95% CI = 14-64%), respectively. The two-year and five-year overall survival (OS) rates were 65% (95% CI = 38-82%) and 40% (95% CI = 12-68%), respectively. The five-year rate for both PFS and OS was 80% in CR1 patients versus 0% in patients not in CR1. In conclusion, allo-HCT provides long-lasting remissions in BPDCN patients, particularly when performed in CR1.

3.
Blood Adv ; 5(17): 3407-3417, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495313

RESUMO

Recent compelling evidence showed that innate immune effector cells could recognize allogeneic grafts and prime an adaptive immune response. Signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) is an immunoglobulin superfamily receptor that is expressed on myeloid cells; the interaction between SIRPα and its ubiquitously expressed ligand CD47 elicits an inhibitory signal that suppresses macrophage phagocytic function. Additional studies showed that donor-recipient mismatch in SIRPα variants might activate monocytic allorecognition, possibly as the result of non-self SIRPα-CD47 interaction. However, the frequency of SIRPα variation and its role in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains unexplored. We studied 350 patients with acute myeloid leukemia/myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent HLA-matched related HSCT and found that SIRPα allelic mismatches were present in 39% of transplantation pairs. SIRPα variant mismatch was associated with a significantly higher rate of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD; hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; P = .03), especially de novo chronic GVHD (HR, 2.0; P = .01), after adjusting for other predictors. Those with mismatched SIRPα had a lower relapse rate (HR, 0.6; P = .05) and significantly longer relapse-free survival (RFS; HR, 0.6; P = .04). Notably, the effect of SIRPα variant mismatch on relapse protection was most pronounced early after HSCT and in patients who were not in remission at HSCT (cumulative incidence, 73% vs 54%; HR, 0.5; P = .01). These findings show that SIRPα variant mismatch is associated with HSCT outcomes, possibly owing to innate allorecognition. SIRPα variant matching could provide valuable information for donor selection and risk stratification in HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunidade Inata
4.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the COVID-19 pandemic era, the numbers of haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with peripheral blood (PB) versus bone marrow (BM) grafts increased significantly, which may be associated with adverse outcomes. METHODS: We compared outcomes of BM vs PB grafts in patients ≥18 years with hematological malignancy who underwent T-cell replete haploidentical HCT and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil. FINDINGS: Of 264 patients, 180 (68%) received BM and 84 (32%) received PB graft. Median age was 50 years in both groups. Majority (n=199, 75%) received reduced-intensity conditioning. More patients had acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome in BM (n=152, 85%) than PB (n=46, 55%), p<0.01. The median time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment, and incidence of grade II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) was comparable in both groups. Among grade II-IV aGVHD, steroid-refractory aGVHD (SR-aGVHD) was 9% (95% CI 5-18) in BM vs 32% (95% CI 19-54) in PB; hazard ratio (HR) 3.7, 95% CI 1.5-9.3, p=0.006. Chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 8% (95% CI 4-13) vs 22% (95% CI 14-36); HR 3.0, 95% CI 1.4-6.6, p=0.005 and systemic therapy-requiring cGVHD was 2.5% (95% CI 1-7) vs 14% (95% CI 7-27), respectively; HR 5.6, 95% CI 1.7-18, p=0.004 at 1 year. PB group had a significantly higher risk of bacterial and viral infections with no appreciable advantage in the duration of hospitalization, immune reconstitution, relapse, non-relapse mortality, or survival. INTERPRETATION: Our data suggest the use of BM over PB graft for haploidentical HCT.

6.
Blood Adv ; 5(14): 2799-2806, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264268

RESUMO

The Endothelial Activation and Stress Index (EASIX) score, defined as [(creatinine × lactate dehydrogenase [LDH])/platelets], is a marker of endothelial activation that has been validated in the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant setting. Endothelial activation is one of the mechanisms driving immune-mediated toxicities in patients treated with chimeric antigen receptor-T (CAR-T)-cell therapy. This study's objective was to evaluate the association between EASIX and other laboratory parameters collected before lymphodepletion and the subsequent onset of cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) those patients. Toxicity data were collected prospectively on 171 patients treated with axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel) for large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). CRS grades 2 to 4 were diagnosed in 81 (47%) patients and ICANS grades 2 to 4 in 84 (49%). EASIX combined with ferritin (EASIX-F) identified 3 risk groups with CRS grades 2 to 4 cumulative incidence of 74% (hazards ratio [HR], 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1-11; P < .001), 49% (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.02-5; P = .04), and 23% (reference), respectively. EASIX combined with CRP and ferritin (EASIX-FC) identified 3 risk groups with an ICANS grade 2 to 4 cumulative incidence of 74% (HR, 3.6; 95% CI, 1.9-6.9; P < .001), 51% (HR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.1-3.9; P = .025), and 29% (reference). Our results indicate that common laboratory parameters before lymphodepletion correlate with CAR-T-related toxicities and can help support clinical decisions, such as preemptive toxicity management, hospitalization length, and proper setting for CAR-T administration.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Ferritinas , Humanos
7.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265479

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy is being increasingly used to treat patients with advanced hematologic malignancies; however, the symptoms related to standard of care CAR T cell therapy during the first year after treatment have not been assessed using patient-reported outcome (PRO) measurements. This study aimed to quantify patients' perspectives of symptom burden and functional status using PROs during the first year after CAR T cell therapy for hematologic malignancies, especially in patients who experienced grade 2-4 toxicities. Sixty patients were enrolled in this observational cross-sectional study at any time during their first 12 months post-treatment. All 60 had received CAR T cell therapy as standard of care at MD Anderson Cancer Center in 2019. PROs were measured using the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI), the PROs Measurement Information System 29 (PROMIS-29), the global health tool EQ5D-5L, and the single-item health-related quality of life scale (HRQoL). Twenty-two additional symptoms related to CAR T cell therapy, as identified by an expert panel, were also evaluated. CAR T cell therapy-related toxicities were rated according to the ASTCT consensus grading criteria. The majority of patients (52 of 60; 87%) received axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta). One-third of the patients developed grade 2-4 cytokine release syndrome or neurotoxicity. The first 90 days after infusion represented the most symptomatic period, in which >10% of patients rated 18 symptoms as severe (ie, MDASI symptom score of 7 to 10 on scale of 0 to 10), strongly indicating the need for effective symptom management. Physical functioning, measured by interference on the "general activity" item on the MDASI and this domain on the PROMIS-29, were significantly worse in patients who underwent therapy during the first 30 days compared with those who underwent therapy over 90 days (all P < .05 with the Hochberg step-up procedure), whereas the EQ5D-5L and single-item HRQoL did not detect such differences. Compared with patients who had mild cytokine release syndrome or neurotoxicity (grade 0-1), patients who developed grade 2-4 toxicities persistently reported multiple severe symptoms after 30 days following therapy (all P < .05). Furthermore, although using a different recall period, patient-reported scores on several PROMIS-29 domains were significantly correlated with the scores of corresponding MDASI symptom items. This real-world quantitative PRO symptoms study provides evidence of unique profiles of the physical, psychological, and cognitive symptom burden in patients undergoing CAR T cell therapy that varies within the first year after infusion and demonstrates differences among PRO measurement scales. These results support the need for validation of fit-for-purpose PRO measurements for routinely monitoring symptom and toxicity burdens in CAR T cell therapy care settings.

8.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329753

RESUMO

Compared to reduced-intensity conditioning regimen, myeloablative conditioning (MAC) for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) reduces relapse but is avoided in older patients because of higher non-relapse mortality (NRM). To meet the need for a myeloablative regimen for older patients, we developed a novel fludarabine and busulfan MAC regimen. We fractionated the dose of busulfan and gave it for 6 days over a 2-week period and demonstrated the feasibility and safety of this approach. However, the disease-specific efficacy of this regimen is not known. The purpose of this study was to estimate the efficacy of fractionated busulfan regimen by estimating diseases specific survival outcomes. The conditioning regimen consisted of busulfan and fludarabine. On days -13 and -12 before HCT, patients received 80 mg/m2 busulfan intravenously (IV) daily in an outpatient clinic. Additional chemotherapy was administered during inpatient treatment from day -6 through day -3, including fludarabine 40 mg/m2 and busulfan IV once daily. The dosing of busulfan was determined from pharmacokinetic analyses to achieve for the course a target area under the curve of 20,000 ± 12% µmol/min, which is close to the average exposure of myeloablative dose of busulfan. One hundred fifty patients with high-risk hematological malignancies up to 75 years were enrolled in this prospective phase II study. The objective was to evaluate NRM, relapse, survival, the rates of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and long-term complications. The median age of the patient population was 61 years (interquartile range, 55-67). The most common diagnoses were acute myeloid leukemia (AML; N = 59 [39.3%]), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS; n = 29 [19.3%]), and myelofibrosis (MF; N = 22 [14.7%]). Most had an unrelated donor (n = 93 [62%]) and received peripheral blood graft (n = 110 [73.3%]). Over half had an HCT-specific comorbidity index of ≥3 (n = 79 [52.7%]). The median follow-up among survivors was 43.4 months (interquartile range, 38.9-50.4). In patients with AML in complete remission, MDS, and myelofibrosis, 3-year overall survival was 66.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 50.2-88.5%), 43.6% (95% CI, 28.6-66.4%), and 59.1% (95% CI, 41.7-83.7%) respectively. The cumulative incidence of NRM was 22% (15.3%-28.7%), extensive chronic GVHD was 27% (95% CI, 20-34%), bronchiolitis obliterans was 4.7% (95% CI, 1.3-8.1%), and secondary malignancy was 8.7% (95% CI, 4.1-13.2%) at 3 years. Lengthening the duration of busulfan (fractionation) permits safe delivery of myeloablative conditioning in older patients, leading to prolonged survival. © 2021 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

9.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(5): 390.e1-390.e7, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965176

RESUMO

Databases were searched to identify studies published over the past 10 years that addressed the utility of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients receiving chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy in patients with hematological malignancies. Among 280 records, three articles covering 206 patients were eligible. The data were prospectively collected at multiple time points. The compliance rates were 70% to 94%. There was an inverse relationship between fatigue and social function among adults. The quality of life (QoL) improvement and ability to complete PROs were linked to disease status. About 40% of adults reported at least some cognitive difficulties, with a detrimental impact on mental and physical health status. In adults, the most commonly reported cognitive impairment was memory difficulties. Depression was associated with cognitive difficulties. Younger adults were at higher risk of long-term poor mental health, anxiety, and depression. For pediatric and adolescent patients, emotional dysfunction improves over time. QoL status improved over time; yet, severe cytokine release syndrome and neurotoxicity caused delayed improvement. Information regarding whether the PROs were integrated into medical records and clinical guidelines is lacking. Utilizing PROs in patients on CAR T cell therapy seems feasible and informative. Studies utilizing larger sample sizes and using validated PRO tools at different time points remain unmet needs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Neoplasias , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Criança , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(8): 2005-2012, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846563

RESUMO

Despite low nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at day 100 after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), NRM at 1 year remains substantial. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed 199 patients who were treated on a phase II clinical trial assessing safety and efficacy of myeloablative fractionated busulfan and fludarabine conditioning regimen for hematologic malignancies. The goal of the study was to identify factors associated with NRM occurring between days 101 and 365 post-HCT and generate a hypothesis for future studies to reduce the risk of NRM at 1 year. We found that a vast majority (83%) of patients who experienced NRM between days 101 and 365 had prior grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), which was the leading cause of death either by itself (33.3%) or complicated by infections (37.5%). In multivariate analysis, grade II-IV acute GVHD (hazard ratio (HR) 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-6.6, p = 0.01) was the only significant predictor of NRM between days 101 and 365. Measures to reduce the risk of acute GVHD could lower the risk of NRM at 1 year and improve overall survival.

11.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(3): 243.e1-243.e6, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781521

RESUMO

Numerous genetic abnormalities affect treatment outcomes in multiple myeloma. The role of coexistent trisomy or hyperdiploidy and high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities (CGAs) is not well defined. We assessed the influence of overlapping genetic abnormalities in patients who received frontline autologous stem cell transplantation. A total of 491 consecutive patients between January 2009 and January 2016 were identified. High-risk CGAs included del(17p), t(4;14), t(14;16), and gain 1q21 by fluorescence in situ hybridization and del(13) by conventional cytogenetics. Thirty-two percent had a trisomy, 27% had a high-risk CGA, and 11% had both. Among patients with any trisomy, 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 60% and 90%, respectively, compared to 25% and 65%, respectively, for patients with any high-risk CGA. Patients with co-existent trisomy and high-risk CGAs had 3-year PFS and OS of 43% and 89%, respectively, whereas those with isolated high-risk CGAs without trisomy had 3-year PFS and OS of 13% and 49%, respectively. The PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 3.3; P = .02) and OS (HR, 4.5; 95% CI, 1.5 to 13; P = .006) were worse for high-risk CGAs without versus those with concurrent trisomies. Our findings suggest a protective impact of trisomies in patients with high-risk CGAs and a potential need for revised risk stratification assessments to account for overlapping genetic abnormalities.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Acta Haematol ; 144(1): 74-81, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32604096

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients not in remission and beyond first or second complete remission are considered allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT) candidates. We present 361 patients who underwent SCT from matched related or unrelated donors between 2005 and 2013. The purpose was to identify a subgroup of patients with active disease at the time of transplant that benefit. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used for univariate and multivariate analyses to predict overall survival (OS). Variables considered were age, sex, SWOG cytogenetic risk group, bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) blast percentage, regimen intensity, and type of AML. At a median of 26 months after transplantation, OS, progression-free survival (PFS), non-relapse mortality, and relapse rates were 26, 24, 23, and 48%, respectively. In a univariate analysis, risk cytogenetics (p < 0.001) and BM blasts >4% (p = 0.006) or any blasts in PB (p < 0.001) indicated worse OS. In a multivariate analysis, patients with <5% BM blasts or absence of circulating blasts and good or intermediate risk cytogenetics had significantly superior OS (46%), PFS (44%), and disease progression at 3 years. Based on these findings, patients not in remission with good or intermediate risk cytogenetics and low blast counts should be considered for SCT.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/patologia , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Biópsia , Análise Citogenética , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 87(6): 2414-2424, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463929

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy has greatly advanced in recent years, with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells emerging as an innovative technology that harnesses the immune system to fight malignant diseases. These genetically engineered T-cells have shown encouraging results for B-cell lymphoid malignancies and are now being explored for other cancer types. However, this novel adoptive cell therapy is associated with a new spectrum of immune-mediated adverse events and toxicities. As CAR T cells recognize and engage tumour cells, cytokines are secreted and activate other immune cells, frequently leading to rapid development of cytokine release syndrome, which can result in acute deterioration of the patient's clinical condition. In many patients, cytokine release syndrome is mild and easy to manage, but others experience persistent fevers accompanied by hypotension and hypoxia, which require management with immune-modulatory agents. Another deleterious effect of cytokines released by effector cells is immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome. This syndrome, caused by a disruption of the blood-brain barrier as a consequence of the immune process, can result in rapid deterioration in cognitive function. This is often associated with subtle changes in handwriting, often progressing to loss of memory and concentration and reduced ability to name objects or follow commands. In some cases, the neurological state is further compromised by seizures and in rare instances with fulminant life-threatening cerebral oedema. In this review, we discuss these toxicities, as well as other CAR T-cell-related immune phenomenon, and address their clinical manifestations, grading, and management options.

15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(10): 1759-1769, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623078

RESUMO

Immune effector cell (IEC) therapy is emerging as a promising approach in the field of cancer immunotherapy. Clinical IEC trials, predominantly using chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, have shown excellent responses in CD19+ B cell malignancies and multiple myeloma. In solid tumors, preclinical data are encouraging, but clinical data are in their infancy, and there are challenges in using CAR T therapy in this setting, including (1) on-target off-tumor toxicity, (2) optimal target identification, (3) effective trafficking into bulky tumor tissue, and (4) resistance to tumor immune evasion mechanisms. Novel techniques and modifications are being explored in both the preclinical and clinical settings, aiming to improve treatment efficacy and address the aforementioned obstacles to successful CAR T therapy in solid tumors. Here we review these challenges in a clinically oriented approach and summarize published clinical trials using CAR T therapy in a variety of solid tumors.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia Adotiva , Neoplasias , Antígenos CD19 , Humanos , Linfócitos , Neoplasias/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Microambiente Tumoral
17.
Am J Hematol ; 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619033

RESUMO

Relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (AHSCT) is associated with very poor outcomes. A second transplant offers the possibility of long-term disease control. We analyzed outcomes with haploidentical donors for second allograft at our institution. All consecutive patients with hematological malignancies (N = 29) who relapsed after AHSCT and underwent a haploidentical transplant (haploSCT) as second transplant between February 2009 and October 2018 were included. Median age was 36 years (interquartile range (IQR) 24-60); 83% of patients had high/very high disease risk index; 61% of AML/MDS patients had high-risk cytogenetics; and only 24% were in complete remission at transplant. With a median follow-up of 46.9 months, the 3-year relapse, non-relapse mortality (NRM), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 30%, 39%, 31% and 40%, respectively. In multivariable analysis (MVA), comorbidity index (HCT-CI) and detectable donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) prior to second transplant were significantly associated with worse outcomes. Patients with HCT-CI <3 and without DSA had 3-year PFS and OS of 53% and 60.3%, respectively. Our findings suggest that haploSCT as second AHSCT is feasible and potentially curative. Lower HCT-CI and no DSA were associated with lower NRM and improved survival. Haploidentical grafts might be a preferred donor source for second AHSCT as these are high-risk patients who frequently need to proceed urgently to transplant.

19.
Blood Adv ; 4(7): 1296-1306, 2020 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236526

RESUMO

At our center, we observed a series of patients who developed transudative refractory ascites secondary to noncirrhotic, non-veno-occlusive disease (VOD)-related portal hypertension after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Patients were considered to have idiopathic portal hypertension-related refractory ascites (IRA) if they developed ascites secondary to intrahepatic portal hypertension (serum ascites albumin gradient ≥1.1 g/dL or hepatic venous pressure gradient [HVPG] >5 mm Hg), but did not meet the clinical criteria for classical VOD/sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (SOS) and did not have any alternate etiology of portal hypertension. From our institutional database, we identified 40 patients who developed IRA after allo-HSCT between 2004 and 2018. The patients' median age at the time of allo-HSCT was 54 years (range, 21-73 years). The median time to development of IRA after allo-HSCT was 80 days (range, 16-576 days). The median number of paracentesis was 3 (range, 1-11), and 15 (38%) patients had an intraperitoneal catheter placed for continued drainage of the rapidly accumulating ascites. Portal pressures were measured in 19 patients; 6 (15%) had moderate portal hypertension (HVPG 6-9 mm Hg), and 13 (33%) had severe portal hypertension (HVPG ≥ 10 mm Hg). Liver biopsy was performed in 24 patients. None of the patients met the criteria for classical VOD/SOS (clinical/histological) or cirrhosis (histological). The cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality was 63%, and the median survival duration after the development of the IRA was 7 months (range, 0.8-125.6 months). IRA is a poorly understood and often fatal complication of allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Ascite/etiologia , Ascite/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/terapia , Humanos , Incidência
20.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(5): 1013-1020, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045652

RESUMO

Fluid overload (FO) grade ≥2 (more than 10% weight gain from baseline) has recently been recognized as an important toxicity associated with a high rate of nonrelapse mortality in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT). The causes for FO remain unclear. We hypothesized that endothelial damage, possibly due to treatments received prior to AHCT, may be associated with this toxicity and sought to determine whether the Endothelial Activation and Stress Index (EASIX) (defined as lactate dehydrogenase [U/L]â€ˆ× creatinine [mg/dL]/platelets [109 cells/L]) correlates with grade ≥2 FO in 2 cohorts of recipients of AHCT at our institution. We tested our hypothesis in a cohort of 145 consecutive recipients (study cohort) of AHCT transplant from HLA-haploidentical donors and validated the findings in a cohort of 449 (validation cohort) recipients of AHCT from HLA-matched donors who underwent transplantation between 2010 and 2015. Predictors of grade ≥2 FO were evaluated using competing risks regression in univariate analysis and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis in multivariate analysis. The cumulative incidence of grade ≥2 FO was estimated considering death as a competing risk. EASIX scores were evaluated based on log2-transformed values. Optimal predictive EASIX cutoff values were determined based on receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. Grade ≥2 FO occurred in 21% and 6% of the study and validation cohorts, respectively, with the majority of these cases being diagnosed before the day of AHCT. Median log2 EASIX score at admission was 2.4 (interquartile range [IQR], 1.3, 3.7) and 2.5 (IQR, 1.4, 3.9) in the 2 respective cohorts. In univariate analysis, high EASIX at admission was a significant predictor of grade ≥2 FO in the study (cutoff: 4.4, hazard ratio [HR] = 4.8, P < .001) and in the validation (cutoff: 4.3, HR = 4.8, P < .001) cohorts. The significant effect of EASIX persisted in multivariate CART analysis in the study (HR = 6.3, P < .001) and the validation (HR = 28, P = .002) cohorts. Additional predictors in multivariate analysis included body weight below 80 kg in recipients older than 55 years (HR = 4.5, P < .001) in the study cohort and diabetes (HR = 34, P = .001) and age >60 years (HR = 9.6, P = .04) in the validation cohort. At admission, the prevalence of EASIX score of >4.3 (18% versus 17%, P = .9) was not different between the diabetics and nondiabetics. EASIX score at admission is a significant predictor of grade ≥2 FO in recipients of AHCT from HLA-haploidentical or HLA-matched donors. Independently of EASIX, older patients with low weight were associated with increased risk of grade ≥2 FO for recipients of HLA-haploidentical transplants. For the HLA-matched cohort, diabetes and older age were associated with increased FO risk. These findings require validation in external cohorts.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doadores de Tecidos , Transplante Homólogo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...