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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730919

RESUMO

Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) has the potential to reduce the incidence of relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in patients with advanced-stage multiple myeloma (MM). In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of RIT in combination with chemotherapy-based reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC). RIT was based on the coupling of an anti-CD66 antibody to the beta emitter 188-rhenium (188-re) for targeted bone marrow irradiation. Between 2012 and 2018, 30 MM patients, most of them heavily pretreated including various therapies with proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, anti CD38 antibodies, and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT), were treated with a RIT-RIC combination prior to allo-HCT. In addition to a fludarabine plus melphalan- or treosulfan-based RIC a median dose of 18.1 Gy (interquartile range (IQR) 14.6 to 24.1) was applied to the bone marrow. After a median follow-up time for surviving patients of 2.1 years (IQR 1.3-3.0), the two-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 43 % (95% CI 26-73%) and 55 % (95% CI 38-79), respectively. The two-year non-relapse mortality and cumulative incidence of progression were 17% (95% CI 3-30%) and 46 % (95% CI 25-67%), respectively. Renal toxicity and mucositis were the most frequently observed extramedullary side effects. In conclusion, the addition of RIT to RIC was safe and feasible, and resulted in promising outcomes compared to those previously reported for RIC-based allo-HCT-treated relapsed/refractory MM patients without RIT addition. Nevertheless, in spite of RIT addition, relapse after allo-HCT remained a major determinant of therapeutic failure. Therefore, development of novel RIT strategies (e.g., dual targeting strategies or combinations with adapter chimeric antigen receptor T cell-based therapies) are warranted.

2.
Lancet Haematol ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Further improvement of preparative regimens before allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an unmet medical need for the growing number of older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of conditioning with treosulfan plus fludarabine compared with reduced-intensity busulfan plus fludarabine in this population. METHODS: We did an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority, phase 3 trial in 31 transplantation centres in France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Poland. Eligible patients were 18-70 years, had acute myeloid leukaemia in first or consecutive complete haematological remission (blast counts <5% in bone marrow) or myelodysplastic syndrome (blast counts <20% in bone marrow), Karnofsky index of 60% or higher, and were indicated for allogeneic HSCT but considered at an increased risk for standard myeloablative preparative regimens based on age (≥50 years), an HSCT-specific comorbidity index of more than 2, or both. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either intravenous 10 g/m2 treosulfan daily applied as a 2-h infusion for 3 days (days -4 to -2) or 0·8 mg/kg busulfan applied as a 2-h infusion at 6-h intervals on days -4 and -3. Both groups received 30 mg/m2 intravenous fludarabine daily for 5 days (days -6 to -2). The primary outcome was event-free survival 2 years after HSCT. The non-inferiority margin was a hazard ratio (HR) of 1·3. Efficacy was assessed in all patients who received treatment and completed transplantation, and safety in all patients who received treatment. The study is registered with EudraCT (2008-002356-18) and ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00822393). FINDINGS: Between June 13, 2013, and May 3, 2016, 476 patients were enrolled (240 in the busulfan group received treatment and transplantation, and in the treosulfan group 221 received treatment and 220 transplanation). At the second preplanned interim analysis (Nov 9, 2016), the primary endpoint was met and trial was stopped. Here we present the final confirmatory analysis (data cutoff May 31, 2017). Median follow-up was 15·4 months (IQR 8·8-23·6) for patients treated with treosulfan and 17·4 months (6·3-23·4) for those treated with busulfan. 2-year event-free survival was 64·0% (95% CI 56·0-70·9) in the treosulfan group and 50·4% (42·8-57·5) in the busulfan group (HR 0·65 [95% CI 0·47-0·90]; p<0·0001 for non-inferiority, p=0·0051 for superiority). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were abnormal blood chemistry results (33 [15%] of 221 patients in the treosulfan group vs 35 [15%] of 240 patients in the busulfan group) and gastrointestinal disorders (24 [11%] patients vs 39 [16%] patients). Serious adverse events were reported for 18 (8%) patients in the treosulfan group and 17 (7%) patients in the busulfan group. Causes of deaths were generally transplantation-related. INTERPRETATION: Treosulfan was non-inferior to busulfan when used in combination with fludarabine as a conditioning regimen for allogeneic HSCT for older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. The improved outcomes in patients treated with the treosulfan-fludarabine regimen suggest its potential to become a standard preparative regimen in this population. FUNDING: medac GmbH.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534193

RESUMO

Clostridium difficile (CD) infection is the main cause of nosocomial enterocolitis in western countries and in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHCT). Recipients of alloHCT are at high risk for CD infection but large studies in this population are rare and conflicting results have been reported. We analyzed 727 patients with AML or MDS undergoing alloHCT in our center from 2004 to 2015. Ninety-six patients (13%) had CD infection and 103 patients (14%) were identified as asymptomatic carriers by screening at admission and once a week during aplasia. Patients with CD infection had a shorter median overall survival of 8 months (95% CI, 6-36 months) compared with 25 months (95% CI, 17-35 months) for patients without CD infection, (HR 1.4, p = 0.04). CD positive patients were less likely to develop acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD; HR 0.6, p = 0.004) compared with CD-negative patients, but did not show differences in gastrointestinal aGvHD (HR 0.9, p = 0.5). Symptomatic patients developed gastrointestinal aGvHD (HR 2.5, p = 0.02) more often compared with asymptomatic CD positive patients. This analysis demonstrates a high prevalence for CD infection in patients undergoing alloHCT. A significant lower overall survival for patients with CD infection could be demonstrated.

4.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(29): 2632-2642, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430225

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutations are associated with a favorable prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) when an internal tandem duplication (ITD) in the fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 gene (FLT3) is absent (FLT3-ITDneg) or present with a low allelic ratio (FLT3-ITDlow). The 2017 European LeukemiaNet guidelines assume this is true regardless of accompanying cytogenetic abnormalities. We investigated the validity of this assumption. METHODS: We analyzed associations between karyotype and outcome in intensively treated patients with NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML who were prospectively enrolled in registry databases from nine international study groups or treatment centers. RESULTS: Among 2,426 patients with NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML, 2,000 (82.4%) had a normal and 426 (17.6%) had an abnormal karyotype, including 329 patients (13.6%) with intermediate and 83 patients (3.4%) with adverse-risk chromosomal abnormalities. In patients with NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML, adverse cytogenetics were associated with lower complete remission rates (87.7%, 86.0%, and 66.3% for normal, aberrant intermediate, and adverse karyotype, respectively; P < .001), inferior 5-year overall (52.4%, 44.8%, 19.5%, respectively; P < .001) and event-free survival (40.6%, 36.0%, 18.1%, respectively; P < .001), and a higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (43.6%, 44.2%, 51.9%, respectively; P = .0012). These associations remained in multivariable mixed-effects regression analyses adjusted for known clinicopathologic risk factors (P < .001 for all end points). In patients with adverse-risk chromosomal aberrations, we found no significant influence of the NPM1 mutational status on outcome. CONCLUSION: Karyotype abnormalities are significantly associated with outcome in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML. When adverse-risk cytogenetics are present, patients with NPM1mut share the same unfavorable prognosis as patients with NPM1 wild type and should be classified and treated accordingly. Thus, cytogenetic risk predominates over molecular risk in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML.

5.
Haematologica ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467130

RESUMO

Extramedullary disease in patients with acute myeloid leukemia is a known phenomenon. Since the prevalence of extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia has so far been only clinically determined on examination, we performed a prospective study in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. The goal of this prospective study was to determine the prevalence of metabolically active extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia using total body 18FDG-PET/CT imaging at diagnosis prior to initiation of therapy. In order, to define the dynamics of extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia throughout treatment, PET-positive patients underwent a second 18FDG-PET/CT imaging series during follow-up by the time of remission assessment. Findings: A total of 93 patients with acute myeloid leukemia underwent 18FDG-PET/CT scans at diagnosis. The prevalence of PET-positive extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia was 19% in our study with a total of 65 EM AML manifestations and a median number of two extramedullary manifestations per patient (range, 1-12) with a median SUVmax of 6.1 (range, 2-51.4), respectively. When adding those three patients with histologically confirmed extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia who were 18FDG-PET/CT negative in the 18FDG-PET/CT at diagnosis, the combined prevalence for extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia in this study was 22%, resulting in a sensitivity and specificity of 77% and 97%, respectively. Importantly, 60% (6 of 10) patients with histologically confirmed extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia still had active extramedullary disease in their follow-up 18FDG-PET/CT. 18FDG-PET/CT reveals a high prevalence of metabolically active extramedullary disease in acute myeloid leukemia patients. Metabolic activity in extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia may persist even beyond the time-point of hematologic remission, a finding that merits further prospective investigation with respect to its prognostic relevance. This trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01278069.

6.
Mycoses ; 62(7): 576-583, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034703

RESUMO

False positivity of antigen immunoassays used as an early diagnostic tool to detect invasive fungal infections is known. Interpretation of the assay needs the identification of sources which could affect the specificity of the test. We focused on the influence of parenteral nutrition (PN) and piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) on fungal immunoassays. Measurable amounts of Candida antigen mannan were detected in several compounds of PN and TZP in a previous in vitro study. In the current study, 84 patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation receiving either TZP, PN or both were monitored with Aspergillus and Candida antigen assay. Six patients were analysed closer in a kinetic analysis with more frequent blood sampling to detect mannan. PN in diverse compositions as well as TZP did not increase significantly the amount of mannan and the Aspergillus antigen in serum. We could not confirm the positive results of the in vitro study. Physicians should be aware that mannan antigenemia due to drug infusion could be a transient issue and should be considered in the interpretation of fungal immunoassays, although we could not find clinically relevant effects on mannan levels.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antígenos de Fungos/sangue , Candidíase Invasiva/diagnóstico , Reações Falso-Positivas , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico , Nutrição Parenteral , Combinação Piperacilina e Tazobactam/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases/administração & dosagem
7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1065, 2019 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911002

RESUMO

The major cause of death after allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is disease relapse. We investigated the expression of Inhibitory Receptors (IR; PD-1/CTLA-4/TIM-3/LAG-3/2B4/KLRG1/GITR) on T cells infiltrating the bone marrow (BM) of 32 AML patients relapsing (median 251 days) or maintaining complete remission (CR; median 1 year) after HSCT. A higher proportion of early-differentiated Memory Stem (TSCM) and Central Memory BM-T cells express multiple IR in relapsing patients than in CR patients. Exhausted BM-T cells at relapse display a restricted TCR repertoire, impaired effector functions and leukemia-reactive specificities. In 57 patients, early detection of severely exhausted (PD-1+Eomes+T-bet-) BM-TSCM predicts relapse. Accordingly, leukemia-specific T cells in patients prone to relapse display exhaustion markers, absent in patients maintaining long-term CR. These results highlight a wide, though reversible, immunological dysfunction in the BM of AML patients relapsing after HSCT and suggest new therapeutic opportunities for the disease.


Assuntos
Anergia Clonal , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Memória Imunológica/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Antígeno CTLA-4/genética , Antígeno CTLA-4/imunologia , Feminino , Proteína Relacionada a TNFR Induzida por Glucocorticoide/genética , Proteína Relacionada a TNFR Induzida por Glucocorticoide/imunologia , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/genética , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/imunologia , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Receptores KIR/genética , Receptores KIR/imunologia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transdução de Sinais , Família de Moléculas de Sinalização da Ativação Linfocitária/genética , Família de Moléculas de Sinalização da Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia , Transplante Homólogo
8.
Lancet Oncol ; 19(12): 1668-1679, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30442503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monitoring of measurable residual disease (MRD) in patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) who achieve a morphological complete remission can predict haematological relapse. In this prospective study, we aimed to determine whether MRD-guided pre-emptive treatment with azacitidine could prevent relapse in these patients. METHODS: The relapse prevention with azacitidine (RELAZA2) study is an open-label, multicentre, phase 2 trial done at nine university health centres in Germany. Patients aged 18 years or older with advanced MDS or AML, who had achieved a complete remission after conventional chemotherapy or allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation, were prospectively screened for MRD during 24 months from baseline by either quantitative PCR for mutant NPM1, leukaemia-specific fusion genes (DEK-NUP214, RUNX1-RUNX1T1, CBFb-MYH11), or analysis of donor-chimaerism in flow cytometry-sorted CD34-positive cells in patients who received allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation. MRD-positive patients in confirmed complete remission received azacitidine 75 mg/m2 per day subcutaneously on days 1-7 of a 29-day cycle for 24 cycles. After six cycles, MRD status was reassessed and patients with major responses (MRD negativity) were eligible for a treatment de-escalation. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who were relapse-free and alive 6 months after the start of pre-emptive treatment. Analyses were done per protocol. This trial is registered with ClincialTrials.gov, number NCT01462578, and finished recruitment on Aug 21, 2018. FINDINGS: Between Oct 10, 2011, and Aug 20, 2015, we screened 198 patients with advanced MDS (n=26) or AML (n=172), of whom 60 (30%) developed MRD during the 24-month screening period and 53 (88%) were eligible to start study treatment. 6 months after initiation of azacitidine, 31 (58%, 95% CI 44-72) of 53 patients were relapse-free and alive (p<0·0001; one-sided binomial test for null hypothesis pexp≤0·3). With a median follow-up of 13 months (IQR 8·5-22·8) after the start of MRD-guided treatment, relapse-free survival at 12 months was 46% (95% CI 32-59) in the 53 patients who were MRD-positive and received azacitidine. In MRD-negative patients, 12-month relapse-free survival was 88% (95% CI 82-94; hazard ratio 6·6 [95% CI 3·7-11·8], p<0·0001). The most common (grade 3-4) adverse event was neutropenia, occurring in 45 (85%) of 53 patients. One patient with neutropenia died because of an infection considered possibly related to study treatment. INTERPRETATION: Pre-emptive therapy with azacitidine can prevent or substantially delay haematological relapse in MRD-positive patients with MDS or AML who are at high risk of relapse. Our study also suggests that continuous MRD negativity during regular MRD monitoring might be prognostic for patient outcomes. FUNDING: Celgene Pharma, José Carreras Leukaemia Foundation, National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), and German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) Foundation.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30172776

RESUMO

Recently, haploidentical transplantation (haplo) using post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) has been reported to give very encouraging results in patients with hematological malignancies. Patients who have no HLA-matched donor currently have the choice between a mismatched unrelated donor, an unrelated cord blood (CB) donor, and a haploidentical related donor. The aim of our study is to compare the outcome of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who have been transplanted from a haploidentical donor using PTCy, an HLA-mismatched unrelated donor (marrow or peripheral blood stem cells), or an unrelated mismatched CB donor. A total of 833 MDS patients from the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry, transplanted between 2011 and 2016, were identified. The potential benefit of haplo was compared with mismatched unrelated and CB donors in an adjusted and weighted model taking into account potential confounders and other prognostic variables. Haplo was at lower risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) than mismatched unrelated donor (P = .010) but at similar risk than CB. Progression-free survival was better after haplo (versus mismatched unrelated, P = .056; versus CB, P = .003) and overall survival tended to be superior after haplo (versus mismatched unrelated, P = .082; versus CB, P = .002). Nonrelapse mortality was not significantly different between haplo and mismatched unrelated donors. Relapse risk was not influenced by the type of donor. In conclusion, patients with MDS from the EBMT registry receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from a haplo donor have significantly better outcome than those receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from a CB donor and at least similar or better outcome than with a mismatched unrelated donor. Prospective studies comparing the type of donors will be needed to confirm this assumption.

10.
Mycoses ; 2018 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30107071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Screening for Aspergillus (Asp-AG) and Candida antigen (Ca-AG) with immunoassays is established for stem cell recipients at high risk for invasive fungal infections (IFI). While parenteral nutrition (PN) will be applied in case of complications leading to insufficient alimentation, piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) is started at the onset of febrile neutropenia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate drug-laboratory interactions between PN and TZP and both immunoassays which could affect the specificity of the assays and lead to the false assumption of an IFI. METHODS: Batches of TZP and PN were tested with both assays in vitro. In total, 380 samples of 83 batches were analysed. RESULTS: None of the examined preparations were tested positive with Asp-AG assay. Measurable amounts of Ca-AG were detected in a lipid emulsion, two different trace element supplements, a fat-soluble vitamin preparation and all tested brands of TZP. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that false positivity of Asp-AG assay due to TZP and PN does not occur. Cross reactions with Ca-AG assay have been detected in some preparations. The in vivo relevance of Ca-AG positivity has to be reviewed in further studies considering an effect of dilution. Physicians should be aware of a possible cross reaction with Ca-AG assays which could lead to false-positive results.

12.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(9): 1947-1951, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29793046

RESUMO

Despite recent advances, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) continues to be accompanied by a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Several scores have been developed to predict outcome after allo-HSCT. The recently revised Pretransplant Assessment of Mortality (PAM) score is based on patient age, donor type, disease risk, cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus of patient and donor, and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). The aim of this study was to analyze the predictive power of the PAM score in an independent large cohort of patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). We selected adult patients with AML who underwent a first allo-HSCT at the University Hospital of Dresden, a tertiary care hospital with a large transplantation program. All adult patients treated between January 1, 2003, and July 1, 2015, were included. The PAM score was calculated as described previously. Overall survival (OS), cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) after allo-HSCT were analyzed. Age, AML type, sex match, CMV match, donor type, European Leukemia Net risk classification, type of conditioning, disease stage, and PAM score as a continuous variable were selected a priori for multivariate Cox regression analyses. A total of 544 patients met the inclusion criteria. The median patient age was 57 years. With a median follow-up of 47 months (range, 1 to 161 months), the estimated OS for the whole cohort at 4 years was 43%, with a CIR of 30% and an NRM of 31%. The probability of OS at 4 years was 65% for patients with a PAM score of 0, 52% in those with a PAM score of 1, 33% in those with a PAM score of 2, and 22% in those with a PAM score of 3 (P < .001, log-rank test). Both the CIR and NRM increased with higher PAM scores (P = .005 and P < .001, respectively, Gray test). In multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.02 per year; P = .004), disease stage (primary induction failure versus first complete remission (CR1); HR, 1.5; P = .03), and the PAM score (HR 1.04; P = .03) had a significant impact on OS. This is the first independent validation of the revised PAM score allowing for simple and valid estimation of transplantation outcomes. It can serve as an important tool in counseling patients with AML, as well as in designing future trials.

13.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(5): e201-e210, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29628397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of systemic iron overload on outcomes after allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has been a matter of substantial debate. We aimed to investigate the predictive value of both stored (MRI-derived liver iron content) and biologically active iron (enhanced labile plasma iron; eLPI) on post-transplantation outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome undergoing allogenic HCT. METHODS: The prospective, multicentre, observational, ALLogeneic Iron inVEstigators (ALLIVE) trial recruited patients at five centres in Germany. We enrolled patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome undergoing allogeneic HCT. Patients underwent cytotoxic conditioning for a median of 6 days (IQR 6-7) before undergoing allogeneic HCT and were followed up for up to 1 year (±3 months) post-transplantation. eLPI was measured in serum samples with the FeROS eLPI kit (Aferrix, Tel-Aviv, Israel) and values greater than 0·4 µmol/L were considered to represent raised eLPI. Liver iron content was measured by MRI. The primary endpoints were the quantitative delineation of eLPI dynamics during allogeneic HCT and the correlation coefficient between liver iron content before HCT and dynamic eLPI (eLPIdyn; maximum eLPI minus baseline eLPI). All patients with available data were included in all analyses. This is the final analysis of this completed trial, which is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01746147. FINDINGS: Between Dec 13, 2012, and Dec 23, 2014, 112 patients underwent allogeneic HCT. Liver iron content before allogeneic HCT was not significantly correlated with eLPIdyn (ρ=0·116, p=0·22). Serum eLPI concentrations rapidly increased during conditioning, and most (79 [73%] of 108) patients had raised eLPI by the day of transplantation. Patients with a pretransplant liver iron content greater than or equal to 125 µmol/g had an increased incidence of non-relapse mortality (20%, 95% CI 14-26) compared with those with lower concentrations (7%, 2-12; p=0·039) at day 100. Patients who had raised eLPI at baseline also had a significantly increased incidence of non-relapse mortality at day 100 (33%, 15-52) compared with those who had normal eLPI at baseline (7%, 2-13; p=0·00034). INTERPRETATION: eLPI is a possible biological mediator of iron-related toxicity. Peritransplantation eLPI-scavenging strategies could be explored in prospective interventional clinical trials for patients with systemic iron overload. FUNDING: The Technical University of Dresden and Novartis.


Assuntos
Sobrecarga de Ferro/complicações , Ferro/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Idoso , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Ferro/análise , Sobrecarga de Ferro/sangue , Sobrecarga de Ferro/diagnóstico por imagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Proteomes ; 6(1)2018 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29439554

RESUMO

Targeting of leukemic stem cells with specific immunotherapy would be an ideal approach for the treatment of myeloid malignancies, but suitable epitopes are unknown. The comparative proteome-level characterization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from healthy stem cell donors and patients with acute myeloid leukemia has the potential to reveal differentially expressed proteins which can be used as surface-markers or as proxies for affected molecular pathways. We employed mass spectrometry methods to analyze the proteome of the cytosolic and the membrane fraction of CD34 and CD123 co-expressing FACS-sorted leukemic progenitors from five patients with acute myeloid leukemia. As a reference, CD34⁺CD123⁺ normal hematopoietic progenitor cells from five healthy, granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized stem cell donors were analyzed. In this Tandem Mass Tag (TMT) 10-plex labelling-based approach, 2070 proteins were identified with 171 proteins differentially abundant in one or both cellular compartments. This proof-of-principle-study demonstrates the potential of mass spectrometry to detect differentially expressed proteins in two compartment fractions of the entire proteome of leukemic stem cells, compared to their non-malignant counterparts. This may contribute to future immunotherapeutic target discoveries and individualized AML patient characterization.

18.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 12084, 2017 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935977

RESUMO

The identification of small molecules that either increase the number and/or enhance the activity of human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (hHSPCs) during ex vivo expansion remains challenging. We used an unbiased in vivo chemical screen in a transgenic (c-myb:EGFP) zebrafish embryo model and identified histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs), particularly valproic acid (VPA), as significant enhancers of the number of phenotypic HSPCs, both in vivo and during ex vivo expansion. The long-term functionality of these expanded hHSPCs was verified in a xenotransplantation model with NSG mice. Interestingly, VPA increased CD34+ cell adhesion to primary mesenchymal stromal cells and reduced their in vitro chemokine-mediated migration capacity. In line with this, VPA-treated human CD34+ cells showed reduced homing and early engraftment in a xenograft transplant model, but retained their long-term engraftment potential in vivo, and maintained their differentiation ability both in vitro and in vivo. In summary, our data demonstrate that certain HDACIs lead to a net expansion of hHSPCs with retained long-term engraftment potential and could be further explored as candidate compounds to amplify ex-vivo engineered peripheral blood stem cells.

19.
Breast Cancer Res ; 19(1): 92, 2017 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28793923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor everolimus is approved as an antitumor agent in advanced estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Surrogate bone marker data from clinical trials suggest effects on bone metabolism, but the mode of action of everolimus in bone biology remains unclear. In this study, we assessed potential bone-protective effects of everolimus in the context of osteotropic tumors. METHODS: The effects of everolimus on cancer cell viability in vitro and on tumor growth in vivo were assessed. Everolimus-regulated osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis were also assessed in vitro before we assessed the bone-protective effect of everolimus in a model where bone loss was induced in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. Finally, the role of everolimus in the progression of osteolytic bone disease was assessed in an intracardiac model of breast cancer bone metastases. RESULTS: At low concentrations (1 nM) in vitro, everolimus reduced the viability of human and murine cancer cell lines and impaired the osteoclastogenesis of osteoclast progenitors as assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and counting tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive, multinucleated osteoclasts (p < 0.001). Everolimus had little or no deleterious effect on osteoblastogenesis in vitro, with concentrations of 1 and 10 nM increasing the messenger RNA expression of osteoblast marker genes (p ≤ 0.05) and leaving mineralization in differentiated human mesenchymal stem cells unchanged. Everolimus treatment (1 mg/kg body weight/day) prevented the bone loss observed in OVX mice and concurrently inhibited the metastatic growth of MDA-MB-231 cells by 70% (p < 0.002) while preserving bone mass in an intracardiac model of bone metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: These results underline the antitumor effects of everolimus and highlight its bone-protective efficacy, warranting further research on the potential implications on bone health in populations prone to osteoporosis and bone metastases, such as postmenopausal women with breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/genética , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Sirolimo/metabolismo
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