Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 65
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease is a known risk factor in cardiovascular disease, but its influence on treatment effect of bypass surgery remains unclear. We assessed the influence of chronic kidney disease on 10-year mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with ischemic heart failure treated with medical therapy (medical treatment) with or without coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: We calculated the baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration formula, chronic kidney disease stages 1-5) from 1209 patients randomized to medical treatment or coronary artery bypass grafting in the Surgical Treatment for IsChemic Heart failure trial and assessed its effect on outcome. RESULTS: In the overall Surgical Treatment for IsChemic Heart failure cohort, patients with chronic kidney disease stages 3 to 5 were older than those with stages 1 and 2 (66-71 years vs 54-59 years) and had more comorbidities. Multivariable modeling revealed an inverse association between estimated glomerular filtration rate and risk of death, cardiovascular death, or cardiovascular rehospitalization (all P < .001, but not for stroke, P = .697). Baseline characteristics of the 2 treatment arms were equal for each chronic kidney disease stage. There were significant improvements in death or cardiovascular rehospitalization with coronary artery bypass grafting (stage 1: hazard ratio, 0.71; confidence interval, 0.53-0.96, P = .02; stage 2: hazard ratio, 0.71; confidence interval, 0.59-0.84, P < .0001; stage 3: hazard ratio, 0.76; confidence interval, 0.53-0.96, P = .03). These data were inconclusive in stages 4 and 5 for insufficient patient numbers (N = 28). There was no significant interaction of estimated glomerular filtration rate with the treatment effect of coronary artery bypass grafting (P = .25 for death and P = .54 for death or cardiovascular rehospitalization). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic kidney disease is an independent risk factor for mortality in patients with ischemic heart failure with or without coronary artery bypass grafting. However, mild to moderate chronic kidney disease does not appear to influence long-term treatment effects of coronary artery bypass grafting.

3.
Circ Heart Fail ; 13(4): e006134, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Palliative care improves quality of life in patients with heart failure. Whether men and women with heart failure derive similar benefit from palliative care interventions remains unknown. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of the PAL-HF trial (Palliative Care in Heart Failure), we analyzed differences in quality of life among men and women with heart failure and assessed for differential effects of the palliative care intervention by sex. Differences in clinical characteristics and quality-of-life metrics were compared between men and women at serial time points. The primary outcome was change in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score between baseline and 24 weeks. RESULTS: Among the 71 women and 79 men, there was a significant difference in baseline Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (24.5 versus 36.2, respectively; P=0.04) but not Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Palliative Care scale (115.7 versus 120.3; P=0.27) scores. Among those who received the palliative care intervention (33 women and 42 men), women's quality-of-life score remained lower than that of men after enrollment. Treated men's scores were significantly higher than those untreated (6-month Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, 68.0 [interquartile range, 52.6-85.7] versus 41.1[interquartile range, 32.0-78.3]; P=0.047), whereas the difference between treated and untreated women was not significantly different (P=0.39). Rates of death and rehospitalization, as well as the composite end point, were similar between treated and untreated women and men. CONCLUSIONS: In the PAL-HF trial, women with heart failure experienced a greater symptom burden and poorer quality of life as compared with men. The change in treated men's Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score between baseline and 24 weeks was significantly higher than those untreated; this trend was not observed in women. Thus, there may be a sex disparity in response to palliative care intervention, suggesting that sex-specific approaches to palliative care may be needed to improve outcomes. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT0158960.

4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): 219-231, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the ability of individual markers of frailty to predict outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and of their discriminatory value in different age groups. BACKGROUND: Appropriate patient selection for TAVR remains a dilemma, especially among the most elderly and potentially frail. METHODS: The study evaluated patients ≥65 years of age in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy registry, linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid administrative claims data, receiving elective TAVR from November 2011 to June 2016 (n = 36,242). Indices of frailty included anemia, albumin level, and 5-m walk speed. We performed Cox proportional hazards regression for 30-day and 1-year mortality, adjusting for risk factors known to be predictive of 30-day mortality in the Transcatheter Valve Therapy registry, as well as survival analysis. RESULTS: These indices are independently associated with mortality at 30 days and 1 year and provide incremental value in risk stratification for mortality, with low albumin providing the largest value (hazard ratio: 1.52). Those with low albumin and slower walking speed had longer lengths of stay and higher rates of bleeding and readmission (p < 0.001). Those with anemia also had higher rates of bleeding, readmission, and subsequent myocardial infarction (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This represents the largest study to date of the role of frailty indices after TAVR, further facilitating robust modeling and adjusting for a large number of confounders. These simple indices are easily attainable, and clinically relevant markers of frailty that may meaningfully stratify patients at risk for mortality after TAVR.

5.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746963

RESUMO

Importance: Pulmonary hypertension (pHTN) is associated with increased risk of mortality after mitral valve surgery for mitral regurgitation. However, its association with clinical outcomes in patients undergoing transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) with a commercially available system (MitraClip) is unknown. Objective: To assess the association of pHTN with readmissions for heart failure and 1-year all-cause mortality after TMVr. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study analyzed 4071 patients who underwent TMVr with the MitraClip system from November 4, 2013, through March 31, 2017, across 232 US sites in the Society of Thoracic Surgery/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy registry. Patients were stratified into the following 4 groups based on invasive mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP): 1103 with no pHTN (mPAP, <25 mm Hg [group 1]); 1399 with mild pHTN (mPAP, 25-34 mm Hg [group 2]); 1011 with moderate pHTN (mPAP, 35-44 mm Hg [group 3]); and 558 with severe pHTN (mPAP, ≥45 mm Hg [group 4]). Data were analyzed from November 4, 2013, through March 31, 2017. Interventions: Patients were stratified into groups before TMVr, and clinical outcomes were assessed at 1 year after intervention. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary end point was a composite of 1-year mortality and readmissions for heart failure. Secondary end points were 30-day and 1-year mortality and readmissions for heart failure. Linkage to Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services administrative claims was performed to assess 1-year outcomes in 2381 patients. Results: Among the 4071 patients included in the analysis, the median age was 81 years (interquartile range, 73-86 years); 1885 (46.3%) were women and 2186 (53.7%) were men. The composite rate of 1-year mortality and readmissions for heart failure was 33.6% (95% CI, 31.6%-35.7%), which was higher in those with pHTN (27.8% [95% CI, 24.2%-31.5%] in group 1, 32.4% [95% CI, 29.0%-35.8%] in group 2, 36.0% [95% CI, 31.8%-40.2%] in group 3, and 45.2% [95% CI, 39.1%-51.0%] in group 4; P < .001). Similarly, 1-year mortality (16.3% [95% CI, 13.4%-19.5%] in group 1, 19.8% [95% CI, 17.0%-22.8%] in group 2, 22.4% [95% CI, 18.8%-26.1%] in group 3, and 27.8% [95% CI, 22.6%-33.3%] in group 4; P < .001) increased across pHTN groups. The association of pHTN with mortality persisted despite multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio per 5-mm Hg mPAP increase, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01-1.09; P = .02). Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that pHTN is associated with increased mortality and readmission for heart failure in patients undergoing TMVr using the MitraClip system for severe mitral regurgitation. Further efforts are needed to determine whether earlier intervention before pHTN develops will improve clinical outcomes.

6.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(10): 878-887, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the impact of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on first and recurrent hospitalization in this population. BACKGROUND: In the STICH (Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure) trial, CABG reduced all-cause death and hospitalization in patients with and ischemic cardiomyopathy and left ventricular ejection fraction <35%. METHODS: A total of 1,212 patients were randomized (610 to CABG + optimal medical therapy [CABG] and 602 to optimal medical therapy alone [MED] alone) and followed for a median of 9.8 years. All-cause and cause-specific hospitalizations were analyzed as time-to-first-event and as recurrent event analysis. RESULTS: Of the 1,212 patients, 757 died (62.4%) and 732 (60.4%) were hospitalized at least once, for a total of 2,549 total all-cause hospitalizations. Most hospitalizations (66.2%) were for cardiovascular causes, of which approximately one-half (907 or 52.9%) were for heart failure. More than 70% of all hospitalizations (1,817 or 71.3%) were recurrent events. The CABG group experienced fewer all-cause hospitalizations in the time-to-first-event (349 CABG vs. 383 MED, adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.74 to 0.98; p = 0.03) and in recurrent event analyses (1,199 CABG vs. 1,350 MED, HR: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.94; p < 0.001). This was driven by fewer total cardiovascular (CV) hospitalizations (744 vs. 968; p < 0.001, adjusted HR: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.55 to 0.81; p = 0.001), the majority of which were due to HF (395 vs. 512; p < 0.001, adjusted HR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.52-0.89; p = 0.005). We did not observe a difference in non-CV events. CONCLUSIONS: CABG reduces all-cause, CV, and HF hospitalizations in time-to-first-event and recurrent event analyses. (Comparison of Surgical and Medical Treatment for Congestive Heart Failure and Coronary Artery Disease [STICH]; NCT00023595).

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(7): e010641, 2019 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897999

RESUMO

Background Vascular risk factors have been associated with differences in cognitive performance in epidemiological studies, but evidence in patients with coronary heart disease is more limited. Methods and Results The Montreal Cognitive Assessment score obtained 3.2±0.37 years after randomization to darapladib, a reversible inhibitor of lipoprotein phospholipase A2 or placebo was evaluated for 10 634 patients with coronary heart disease from 38 countries in the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) trial. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores for darapladib and placebo groups were similar (mean± SD , 25.3±3.84 versus 25.4±3.73, respectively; P=0.27) and the adjusted odds ratio ( OR ) for mild cognitive impairment (Montreal Cognitive Assessment score <26) was 1.00 (95% CI , 0.93-1.09). Mild cognitive impairment was more likely with increasing age ( OR , 1.33 [1.27-1.41], +5 years after 65). For other baseline clinical characteristics, the strongest independent predictors of cognitive impairment were education (≤8 years versus college/university, OR , 2.95 [2.60-3.35]; >8 years/trade school versus college/university, OR , 1.38 [1.25-1.52] and geographic grouping). Cardiovascular risk factors independently associated with cognitive impairment were history of stroke ( OR , 1.43 [1.20-1.71]); <2.5 hours of moderate or vigorous intensity exercise/week ( OR , 1.19 [1.04-1.37]); high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <1.16 mmol/L ( OR , 1.19 [1.04-1.37]); diabetes mellitus requiring treatment ( OR , yes versus no: 1.15 [1.05-1.26]); and history of hypertension ( OR , 1.12 [1.02-1.23]). Conclusions In patients with stable coronary heart disease, cognitive performance was associated with modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, educational level, and global region, but was not influenced by darapladib. Clinical Trial Registration URL : http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT 00799903.

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(6): 569-578, 2019 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898255

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare 1-year outcomes following transcatheter mitral valve (MV) repair in patients with and without atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: The development of AF in degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) is considered a sign of MR progression and is associated with adverse clinical events. However, the impact of AF in patients undergoing transcatheter MV repair remains uncertain. METHODS: The TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) Registry was used to identify patients undergoing transcatheter MV repair with the MitraClip between November 2013 and June 2016. Using Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services-linked data, the 1-year rate of death, heart failure hospitalization, stroke, and bleeding following transcatheter MV repair was compared in patients with and without AF. Outcomes were analyzed using multivariate Cox regression modeling. RESULTS: A total of 5,613 patients underwent commercial transcatheter MV repair in the United States during the study period, including 3,555 (63%) with pre-existing AF. Compared with patients without AF, patients with AF were older, were more likely to be male and Caucasian, had more comorbidities, and had higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality scores (median 7% vs. 5%; p < 0.0001). Acute procedural success (post-procedural ≥2+ MR, 37.4% vs. 35.0%; p = 0.20) and in-hospital mortality were similar, but length of hospital stay was longer for patients with AF (mean 4.91 days vs. 4.37 days; p = 0.0004). A total of 3,261 patients were linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services claims data. After adjustment, patients with AF had a higher 1-year rate of death or HF (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 1.44; p < 0.001). Patients with AF had higher rates of mortality (HR: 1.44; 95% CI: 1.22 to 1.70; p < 0.001), HF hospitalization (HR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.00 to 1.36; p = 0.05), stroke (HR: 1.63; 95% CI: 1.01 to 2.64; p = 0.047), and bleeding (HR: 1.34; 95% CI: 1.10 to 1.64; p = 0.004) at 1 year as well. Among those with AF, the risk for stroke was lower (HR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.32 to 0.93; p = 0.026) among those on anticoagulation. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing transcatheter MV repair, AF is common and is associated with worse clinical outcomes at 1 year despite similar acute procedural success. Further study is needed to investigate if early treatment of MR reduces the future risk for developing AF and to identify therapies that improve outcomes in these patients.

9.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(22): 2701-2711, 2018 12 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30257798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) after surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis is generally associated with worse outcomes. Transcatheter AVR (TAVR) can achieve a larger valve orifice and the effects of PPM after TAVR are less well studied. OBJECTIVES: The authors utilized the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) registry to examine the frequency, predictors, and association with outcomes of PPM after TAVR in 62,125 patients enrolled between 2014 and 2017. METHODS: On the basis of the discharge echocardiographic effective valve area indexed to body surface area, PPM was classified as severe (<0.65 cm2/m2), moderate (0.65 to 0.85 cm2/m2), or none (>0.85 cm2/m2). Multivariable regression models were utilized to examine predictors of severe PPM as well as adjusted outcomes, including mortality, heart failure (HF) rehospitalization, stroke, and quality of life, at 1 year in 37,470 Medicare patients with claims linkage. RESULTS: Severe and moderate PPM were present following TAVR in 12% and 25% of patients, respectively. Predictors of severe PPM included small (≤23-mm diameter) valve prosthesis, valve-in-valve procedure, larger body surface area, female sex, younger age, non-white/Hispanic race, lower ejection fraction, atrial fibrillation, and severe mitral or tricuspid regurgitation. At 1 year, mortality was 17.2%, 15.6%, and 15.9% in severe, moderate, and no PPM patients, respectively (p = 0.02). HF rehospitalization had occurred in 14.7%, 12.8%, and 11.9% of patients with severe, moderate, and no PPM, respectively (p < 0.0001). There was no association of severe PPM with stroke or quality-of-life score at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Severe PPM after TAVR was present in 12% of patients and was associated with higher mortality and HF rehospitalization at 1 year. Further investigation is warranted into the prevention of severe PPM in patients undergoing TAVR.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/tendências , Desenho de Prótese/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Am Heart J ; 199: 97-104, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29754673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite more than 200 years of clinical experience and a pivotal trial, recently published research has called into question the safety and efficacy of digoxin therapy in heart failure (HF). METHODS: HF-ACTION (ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT00047437) enrolled 2331 outpatients with HF and an EF ≤35% between April 2003 and February 2007 and randomized them to aerobic exercise training versus usual care. Patients were grouped according to prevalent digoxin status at baseline. The association between digoxin therapy and outcomes was assessed using Cox proportional hazard and inverse-probability weighted (IPW) regression models adjusted for demographics, medical history, medications, laboratory values, quality of life, and exercise parameters. RESULTS: The prevalence of digoxin therapy decreased from 52% during the first 6 months of enrollment to 35% at the end of the HF-ACTION trial (P <0.0001). Study participants were 59± 13 years of age, 72% were male, and approximately half had an ischemic etiology of HF. Patients receiving digoxin at baseline tended to be younger and were more likely to report New York Heart Association functional class III/IV symptoms (rather than class II) compared to those not receiving digoxin. Patients taking digoxin had worse baseline exercise capacity as measured by peak VO2 and 6-min walk test and greater impairments in health status as reflected by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire. The association between digoxin and the risk of death or hospitalization differed depending on whether Cox proportional hazard (Hazard Ratio 1.03, 95% Confidence Interval 0.92-1.16; P = .62) or IPW regression models (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.00-1.17; P = .057) were used to adjust for potential confounders. CONCLUSION: Although digoxin use was associated with high-risk clinical features, the association between digoxin therapy and outcomes was dependent on the statistical methods used for multivariable adjustment. Clinical equipoise exists and additional prospective research is required to clarify the role of digoxin in contemporary clinical practice including its effects on functional capacity, quality of life, and long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Digoxina/administração & dosagem , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização/tendências , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Causas de Morte/tendências , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Open Heart ; 5(1): e000752, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29531766

RESUMO

Background: In patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may decrease mortality, but it is not known whether CABG improves functional capacity. Objective: To determine whether CABG compared with medical therapy alone (MED) increases 6 min walk distance in patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction and coronary artery disease amenable to revascularisation. Methods: The Surgical Treatment in Ischemic Heart disease trial randomised 1212 patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction to CABG or MED. A 6 min walk distance test was performed both at baseline and at least one follow-up assessment at 4, 12, 24 and/or 36 months in 409 patients randomised to CABG and 466 to MED. Change in 6 min walk distance between baseline and follow-up were compared by treatment allocation. Results: 6 min walk distance at baseline for CABG was mean 340±117 m and for MED 339±118 m. Change in walk distance from baseline was similar for CABG and MED groups at 4 months (mean +38 vs +28 m), 12 months (+47 vs +36 m), 24 months (+31 vs +34 m) and 36 months (-7 vs +7 m), P>0.10 for all. Change in walk distance between CABG and MED groups over all assessments was also similar after adjusting for covariates and imputation for missing values (+8 m, 95% CI -7 to 23 m, P=0.29). Results were consistent for subgroups defined by angina, New York Heart Association class ≥3, left ventricular ejection fraction, baseline walk distance and geographic region. Conclusion: In patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction CABG compared with MED alone is known to reduce mortality but is unlikely to result in a clinically significant improvement in functional capacity. Trial registration number: NCT00023595.

12.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(6): 581-589, 2018 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29566805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a risk adjustment model for 30-day mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) that accounted for both standard clinical factors and pre-procedural health status and frailty. BACKGROUND: Assessment of risk for TAVR is important both for patient selection and provider comparisons. Prior efforts for risk adjustment have focused on in-hospital mortality, which is easily obtainable but can be biased because of early discharge of ill patients. METHODS: Using data from patients who underwent TAVR as part of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) Registry (June 2013 to May 2016), a hierarchical logistic regression model to estimate risk for 30-day mortality after TAVR based only on pre-procedural factors and access site was developed and internally validated. The model included factors from the original TVT Registry in-hospital mortality model but added the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (health status) and gait speed (5-m walk test). RESULTS: Among 21,661 TAVR patients at 188 sites, 1,025 (4.7%) died within 30 days. Independent predictors of 30-day death included older age, low body weight, worse renal function, peripheral artery disease, home oxygen, prior myocardial infarction, left main coronary artery disease, tricuspid regurgitation, nonfemoral access, worse baseline health status, and inability to walk. The predicted 30-day mortality risk ranged from 1.1% (lowest decile of risk) to 13.8% (highest decile of risk). The model was able to stratify risk on the basis of patient factors with good discrimination (C = 0.71 [derivation], C = 0.70 [split-sample validation]) and excellent calibration, both overall and in key patient subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: A clinical risk model was developed for 30-day death after TAVR that included clinical data as well as health status and frailty. This model will facilitate tracking outcomes over time as TAVR expands to lower risk patients and to less experienced sites and will allow an objective comparison of short-term mortality rates across centers.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Aptidão Física , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sociedades Médicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Teste de Caminhada , Velocidade de Caminhada
13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 70(19): 2315-2327, 2017 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29096801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-market surveillance is needed to evaluate the real-world clinical effectiveness and safety of U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved devices. OBJECTIVES: The authors examined the commercial experience with transcatheter mitral valve repair for the treatment of mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Data from the Society of Thoracic Surgery/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry on patients commercially treated with transcatheter mitral valve repair were analyzed. The study population consisted of 2,952 patients treated at 145 hospitals between November 2013 and September 2015. In 1,867 patients, data were linked to patient-specific Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services administrative claims for analyses. RESULTS: The median age was 82 years (55.8% men), with a median Society of Thoracic Surgery predicted risk of mortality of 6.1% (interquartile range: 3.7% to 9.9%) and 9.2% (interquartile range: 6.0% to 14.1%) for mitral repair and replacement, respectively. Overall, in-hospital mortality was 2.7%. Acute procedure success occurred in 91.8%. Among the patients with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services linkage data, the mortality at 30 days and at 1 year was 5.2% and 25.8%, respectively, and repeat hospitalization for heart failure at 1 year occurred in 20.2%. Variables associated with mortality or rehospitalization for heart failure after multivariate adjustment were increasing age, lower baseline left ventricular ejection fraction, worse post-procedural mitral regurgitation, moderate or severe lung disease, dialysis, and severe tricuspid regurgitation. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that commercial transcatheter mitral valve repair is being performed in the United States with acute effectiveness and safety. Our findings may help determine which patients have favorable long-term outcomes with this therapy.


Assuntos
/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Relatório de Pesquisa/tendências , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cardiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Cirurgia Torácica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 104(6): 1977-1985, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28965619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for aortic stenosis also have significant mitral regurgitation (MR). We sought to understand the association of concomitant MR with TAVR clinical outcomes, as well changes in MR after TAVR. METHODS: Patients who underwent TAVR in the US Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry from January 3, 2012, to December 31, 2013, were studied, with longer-term clinical outcomes from Center for Medicare Services data. RESULTS: Of 11,104 patients, 3,481 (31.3%) had moderate MR, and 605 (5.5%) had severe MR. At 1 year, mortality was 21.0%, 21.5%, 26.3%, and 28.0% (p < 0.0001) and heart failure (HF) rehospitalization was 13.9%, 15.8%, 20.3%, and 23.4% (p < 0.0001) in the no, mild, moderate, and severe MR patients, respectively. After adjustment for baseline differences, significant MR was associated with increased risk of 1-year mortality or HF rehospitalization, with a HR of 1.16 (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.35) for moderate MR and 1.21 (95% CI, 0.97 to 1.50) for severe MR, compared with no MR. MR improved early after TAVR grade ≥ 1 in 79% of the severe MR patients and 66% of the moderate MR patients. Patients whose baseline moderate or severe MR improved had lower mortality (p = 0.022) and HF rehospitalization (p < 0.001) compared with patients whose MR did not improve. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate or severe MR accompanying severe AS treated with TAVR is associated with increased mortality or HF rehospitalization. This increased risk may be attributable to the minority of patients whose MR does not improve, suggesting a potential role for surveillance and targeted intervention for those patients.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(20): 2064-2075, 2017 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29050623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to elucidate the true incidence of renal replacement therapy (RRT) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: There is a wide discrepancy in the reported rate of RRT after TAVR (1.4% to 40%). The true incidence of RRT after TAVR is unknown. METHODS: The STS/ACC TVT (Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy) registry was linked to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid database to identify all patients that underwent TAVR from November 2011 through September 2015 and their outcomes. The authors compared rates of death, new RRT, and a composite of both as a function of pre-procedure glomerular filtration rate (GFR), both in stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), as well as on a continuous scale. RESULTS: Pre-procedure GFR is associated with the risk of death and new RRT after TAVR when GFR is <60 ml/min/m2, and increases significantly when GFR falls below 30 ml/min/m2. Incremental increases in GFR of 5 ml/min/m2 were statistically significant (unadjusted hazard ratio: 0.71; p < 0.001) at 30 days, and continued to be significant at 1 year when pre-procedure GFR was <60 ml/min/m2. One in 3 CKD stage 4 patients will be dead within 1 year, with 14.6% (roughly 1 in 6) requiring dialysis. In CKD stage 5, more than one-third of patients will require RRT within 30 days; nearly two-thirds will require RRT at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: In both unadjusted and adjusted analysis, pre-procedural GFR was associated with the outcomes of death and new RRT. Increasing CKD stage leads to an increased risk of death and/or RRT. Continuous analysis showed significant differences in outcomes in all levels of CKD when GFR was <60 ml/min/m2. Pre-procedure GFR should be considered when selecting CKD patients for TAVR.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
16.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 6(9)2017 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28912210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Greater understanding of differences between men and women with coronary heart disease is needed. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this post hoc analysis of the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) trial, we described psychosocial factors, treatments, and outcomes of men versus women with stable coronary heart disease and explored the association of sex with psychosocial characteristics and cardiovascular risk. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the relationship between sex and outcomes. Interactions among sex, psychosocial factors, and the composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke were tested. Of 15 828 patients, 2967 (19%) were women. Among women, 21.2% felt often or always stressed at home (versus 9.8% of men), and 19.2% felt often or always sad or depressed (versus 10.1% of men; all P<0.0001). The median duration of follow-up was 3.7 years (25th-75th percentiles: 3.5-3.8 years). Use of evidence-based medications for coronary heart disease at baseline and 24 months was similar between sexes, as were event rates for all outcomes analyzed. In the multivariable model including psychosocial measures, female sex was associated with lower cardiovascular risk. There was a statistically significant interaction (P=0.03) such that the lower risk in women varied by depressive symptom frequency, whereby women who were more depressed had a risk similar to men. CONCLUSIONS: Female sex was independently associated with better long-term clinical outcomes, although this was modified by frequency of depressive symptoms. This suggests that emotional state may be an important target for improving outcomes in patients with coronary heart disease, specifically in women. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: STABILITY ClinicalTrials.gov number (NCT00799903).


Assuntos
Benzaldeídos/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Oximas/administração & dosagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/epidemiologia , Psicometria/métodos , Medição de Risco , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/psicologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/tratamento farmacológico , Placa Aterosclerótica/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Circulation ; 136(22): 2132-2140, 2017 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28864443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conscious sedation is used during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with limited evidence as to the safety and efficacy of this practice. METHODS: The National Cardiovascular Data Registry Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry was used to characterize the anesthesia choice and clinical outcomes of all US patients undergoing elective percutaneous transfemoral TAVR between April 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015. Raw and inverse probability of treatment-weighted analyses were performed to compare patients undergoing TAVR with general anesthesia with patients undergoing TAVR with conscious sedation on an intention-to-treat basis for the primary outcome of in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes including 30-day mortality, in-hospital and 30-day death/stroke, procedural success, intensive care unit and hospital length-of-stay, and rates of discharge to home. Post hoc falsification end point analyses were performed to evaluate for residual confounding. RESULTS: Conscious sedation was used in 1737/10 997 (15.8%) cases with a significant trend of increasing usage over the time period studied (P for trend<0.001). In raw analyses, intraprocedural success with conscious sedation and general anesthesia was similar (98.2% versus 98.5%, P=0.31). The conscious sedation group was less likely to experience in-hospital (1.6% versus 2.5%, P=0.03) and 30-day death (2.9% versus 4.1%, P=0.03). Conversion from conscious sedation to general anesthesia was noted in 102 of 1737 (5.9%) of conscious sedation cases. After inverse probability of treatment-weighted adjustment for 51 covariates, conscious sedation was associated with lower procedural success (97.9% versus 98.6%, P<0.001) and a reduced rate of mortality at the in-hospital (1.5% versus 2.4%, P<0.001) and 30-day (2.3% versus 4.0%, P<0.001) time points. Conscious sedation was associated with reductions in procedural inotrope requirement, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay (6.0 versus 6.5 days, P<0.001), and combined 30-day death/stroke rates (4.8% versus 6.4%, P<0.001). Falsification end point analyses of vascular complications, bleeding, and new pacemaker/defibrillator implantation demonstrated no significant differences between groups after adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: In US practice, conscious sedation is associated with briefer length of stay and lower in-hospital and 30-day mortality in comparison with TAVR with general anesthesia in both unadjusted and adjusted analyses. These results suggest the safety of conscious sedation in this population, although comparative effectiveness analyses using observational data cannot definitively establish the superiority of one technique over another.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Sedação Consciente , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/mortalidade , Anestesia Geral/tendências , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Sedação Consciente/efeitos adversos , Sedação Consciente/mortalidade , Sedação Consciente/tendências , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
19.
Eur Heart J ; 38(37): 2813-2822, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575274

RESUMO

Aims: To study the relation between visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular risk in patients with stable coronary heart disease. Methods and results: In 15 828 patients from the STABILITY trial (darapladib vs. placebo in patients with established coronary heart disease), BP variability was assessed by the standard deviation (SD) of systolic BP, the SD of diastolic BP, maximum BP, and minimum BP, from 5 measurements (baseline and months 1, 3, 6, and 12) during the first year after randomisation. Mean (SD) average BP during the first year of study was 131.0 (13.7) mmHg over 78.3 (8.3) mmHg. Mean (SD) of the visit-to-visit SD was 9.8 (4.8) mmHg for systolic and 6.3 (3.0) mmHg for diastolic BP. During the subsequent median follow-up of 2.6 years, 1010 patients met the primary endpoint, a composite of time to cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. In Cox regression models adjusted for average BP during first year of study, baseline vascular disease, treatment, renal function and cardiovascular risk factors, the primary endpoint was associated with SD of systolic BP (hazard ratio for highest vs. lowest tertile, 1.30, 95% CI 1.10-1.53, P = 0.007), and with SD of diastolic BP (hazard ratio for highest vs. lowest tertile, 1.38, 95% CI 1.18-1.62, P < 0.001). Peaks and troughs in BP were also independently associated with adverse events. Conclusion: In patients with stable coronary heart disease, higher visit-to-visit variabilities of both systolic and diastolic BP are strong predictors of increased risk of cardiovascular events, independently of mean BP.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Diástole/fisiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Sístole/fisiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA