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West Indian med. j ; 43(2): 36-8, June 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-8002


Indentification of trauma as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Trinidad and Tobago prompted the establishment of a training programme aimed at improving trauma care in this developing country. An Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) programme for physicians, funded through the Canadian International Development Agency resulted in a statistically significant improvement of in-hospital trauma patient outcome at the Port-of-Spain General Hospital (observed to expected mortality ratio of 3.16 pre-ATLS compared to 1.94 post ATLS). A recent analysis of all motor vehicle injuries for a shorter period did not confirm this positive impact of the ATLS programme, primarily because a large number of these patients died in the pre-hospital period. Pre-hospital trauma care therefore required urgent attention to complement the positive in-hospital impact of the ATLS programme. A second training programme (the Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support or PHTLS) for paramedical personnel was thus instituted in 1990. Over 250 physicians have been trained in the ATLS programme and to date over 100 paramedical personnel have been trained in the PHTLS programme. Attempts have also been made to equip the ambulances with more appropriate resuscitative devices in order to improve pre-hospital care. The combination of the PHTLS and the ATLS programme should result in further improvement in the care of patients sustaining major injuries in Trinidad and Tobago. (AU)

Humanos , Traumatologia/educação , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Ferimentos e Lesões , Trinidad e Tobago , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/educação , Médicos , Mortalidade
J Trauma ; 36(3): 391-4, Mar. 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-8332


Over a 9-year period (July 1981-December 1985--pre-ATLS period; January 1986-June 1990-post-ATLS period), the hospital charts of 813 trauma patients with ISS > or = 16 were reviewed (n = 413, pre-ATLS and n = 400, post-ATLS) in order to assess the impact of the ATLS program. The freqeuncy of endotracheal intubation (ET), nasogastric tube insertion (NG), intravenous access(i.V.), Foley catheterization of the bladder (Foley) and chest tube insertion (CT) were compared by Pearson Chi-square analysis. Overall, pre-ATLS vs. post-ATLS frequencies ( percent) were 83.5 vs. 65.3 for ET, 97.3 vs 98.0 for i.v., 74.6 vs. 96.3 for Foley, 68.3 vs. 91.3 for NG, and 18.4 vs. 47.0 for CT. In the emergency room these frequencies ( percent) were 26.1 vs. 36.4 for ET, 98.8 vs. 98.7 for i.v., 11.0 vs. 97.1 for Foley 3.2 vs. 95.9 for NG, and 3.9 vs for CT. The differences in the application of these life saving procedures between the pre-ATLS and the post ATLS periods were statistically significant (p < 0.05) except i.v. access, which showed no difference between the pre-ATLS and post-ATLS groups. Of the patientys with severe chest injuries (AIS > or = 3) 87.7 percent and chest tubes post ATLS (94.4 percent in ER) compared with 48>1 percent pre ATLS (3.2 percent in ER). These differences were associated with significant improvement in trauma patient outcome post ATLS. We conclude that the frequency of lifesaving interventions, particularly in the ER, was increased post ATLS (AU Truncated at 250 words)

Humanos , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Ressuscitação/métodos , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Cateterismo Periférico/estatística & dados numéricos , Tubos Torácicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Intubação Gastrointestinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Intubação Intratraqueal/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Trinidad e Tobago/epidemiologia , Cateterismo Urinário/estatística & dados numéricos