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1.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615719

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This phase II study determined the efficacy of lacnotuzumab added to gemcitabine plus carboplatin (gem-carbo) in patients with advanced triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Female patients with advanced TNBC, with high levels of tumor-associated macrophages, and not amenable to curative treatment by surgery or radiotherapy, were enrolled. Lacnotuzumab was dosed at 10 mg/kg every 3 weeks (Q3W), {plus minus} a dose on Cycle 1, Day 8. Gem and carbo were given at 1000 mg/m2 and area under curve 2 dose in mg, respectively, Q3W. Treatment continued until unacceptable toxicity, disease progression, or discontinuation by physician/patient. RESULTS: Patients received lacnotuzumab+gem-carbo (n=34) or gem-carbo (n=15). Enrollment was halted due to recruitment challenges owing to rapid evolution of the therapeutic landscape; formal hypothesis testing of the primary endpoint, was therefore not performed. Median progression-free survival was 5.6 months (90% CI: 4.47, 8.64) in the lacnotuzumab+gem-carbo arm and 5.5 months (90% CI: 3.45, 7.46) in the gem-carbo arm. Hematologic adverse events were common in both treatment arms; however, patients treated with lacnotuzumab experienced more frequent aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and creatine kinase elevations. Pharmacokinetic results showed that free lacnotuzumab at 10 mg/kg exhibited a typical IgG pharmacokinetic profile and target engagement of circulating CSF-1 ligand. CONCLUSIONS: Despite successful target engagement and anticipated pharmacokinetic profile, lacnotuzumab+gem-carbo showed comparable antitumor activity to gem-carbo alone, with slightly poorer tolerability. However, the data presented in this manuscript would be informative for future studies testing agents targeting the CSF-1-CSF-1R pathway in TNBC.

2.
N Engl J Med ; 385(5): 395-405, 2021 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, the most effective duration for adjuvant therapy with an aromatase inhibitor remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy to receive the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for an additional 2 years (2-year group, receiving a total of 7 years) or an additional 5 years (5-year group, receiving a total of 10 years). The primary end point was disease-free survival. The primary analysis included all the patients who were still participating in the trial and who had no recurrence 2 years after randomization (i.e., when treatment in the 2-year group had ended). Secondary end points were overall survival, contralateral breast cancer, second primary cancer, and clinical bone fracture. RESULTS: Among the 3484 women who were enrolled in the trial, 3208 remained in the trial without disease progression after the first 2 years of extended anastrozole treatment following randomization. Among these women, disease progression or death occurred in 335 women in each treatment group in the primary-analysis set at 8 years (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.15; P = 0.90). No between-group differences occurred in most secondary end points, and subgroup analyses did not indicate differences in any particular subgroup. The risk of clinical bone fracture was higher in the 5-year group than in the 2-year group (hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.84). CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy, extending hormone therapy by 5 years provided no benefit over a 2-year extension but was associated with a greater risk of bone fracture. (Funded by AstraZeneca and the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group; ABCSG-16/SALSA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00295620.).


Assuntos
Anastrozol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anastrozol/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Estrogênio , Receptores de Progesterona , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
3.
N Engl J Med ; 384(25): 2394-2405, 2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase inhibitors target cancers with defects in homologous recombination repair by synthetic lethality. New therapies are needed to reduce recurrence in patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutation-associated early breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a phase 3, double-blind, randomized trial involving patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early breast cancer with BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants and high-risk clinicopathological factors who had received local treatment and neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients were randomly assigned (in a 1:1 ratio) to 1 year of oral olaparib or placebo. The primary end point was invasive disease-free survival. RESULTS: A total of 1836 patients underwent randomization. At a prespecified event-driven interim analysis with a median follow-up of 2.5 years, the 3-year invasive disease-free survival was 85.9% in the olaparib group and 77.1% in the placebo group (difference, 8.8 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.5 to 13.0; hazard ratio for invasive disease or death, 0.58; 99.5% CI, 0.41 to 0.82; P<0.001). The 3-year distant disease-free survival was 87.5% in the olaparib group and 80.4% in the placebo group (difference, 7.1 percentage points; 95% CI, 3.0 to 11.1; hazard ratio for distant disease or death, 0.57; 99.5% CI, 0.39 to 0.83; P<0.001). Olaparib was associated with fewer deaths than placebo (59 and 86, respectively) (hazard ratio, 0.68; 99% CI, 0.44 to 1.05; P = 0.02); however, the between-group difference was not significant at an interim-analysis boundary of a P value of less than 0.01. Safety data were consistent with known side effects of olaparib, with no excess serious adverse events or adverse events of special interest. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with high-risk, HER2-negative early breast cancer and germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants, adjuvant olaparib after completion of local treatment and neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with significantly longer survival free of invasive or distant disease than was placebo. Olaparib had limited effects on global patient-reported quality of life. (Funded by the National Cancer Institute and AstraZeneca; OlympiA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02032823.).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Ftalazinas/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ftalazinas/efeitos adversos , Piperazinas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/efeitos adversos , Receptor ErbB-2
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgen receptor (AR) expression is a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer (BC) as it is frequently expressed in the luminal A and B subtypes and in approximately one third of basal-like cancers. As AR-positive BC displays a distinct biological behavior, we aimed to analyze AR expression in the particular context of BC brain metastases (BM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed BC BM treated with neurosurgical resection were identified from the Vienna Brain Metastasis Registry and clinical data including patient characteristics, biological tumor subtypes and overall survival were obtained by retrospective chart review. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimen containing BM tissue were retrieved from the Neuro-Biobank. Immunohistochemical staining of AR was performed and AR expression in the tumor-cell nucleus was evaluated. RESULTS: Fifty-seven BM samples from 57 individual patients with BC were available for this analysis. AR expression of ≥1% tumor cells was evident in 20/57 (35.1%) BM specimens; the median AR-expression rate was 10% (range: 1% to 60%). AR expression was observed in 11/21 (52.4%) BM of the luminal/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative subtype, 3/13 (23.1%) of the luminal/HER2-positive subtype, 2/7 (28.6%) of the HER2-positive subtype and 4/16 (25.0%) of the triple-negative subtype (P=0.247). Median survival from diagnosis of BM was 10 months (range: 0 to 104 mo) in the entire cohort. No significant association of overall survival and AR expression ≥1% was observed (15 vs. 13 mo; P>0.05). CONCLUSION: AR is expressed in more than one third of BC BM with the highest rates among the luminal/HER2-negative BC subtype and may therefore be a potential prognostic and predictive biomarker in this particular BC population.

5.
Breast ; 50: 64-70, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: STEPAUT, an Austrian non-interventional study, evaluated the safety and efficacy of everolimus plus exemestane in patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC) recurring/progressing on/after nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors (NSAIs) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: Postmenopausal women with HR+, HER2- ABC progressing on/after NSAIs receiving everolimus plus exemestane in accordance with routine practice and the current version of Summary of Product Characteristics were eligible. Planned individual observation period corresponded to the duration of treatment until formal study end. RESULTS: Overall, 236 patients (median age: 65 years) were enrolled at 17 sites across Austria. The median progression-free survival (mPFS) in the overall population was 9.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.6-10.7 months). The mPFS (95% CI) in patients who received everolimus 10 and 5 mg was 9.9 months (7.3-11.5 months) and 8 months (4.7-10.7 months), respectively. The median time to progression was numerically longer in patients who had a therapy break (11.9 months, 95% CI: 10.0-14.6 months) versus those who did not have any therapy break (10.7 months, 95% CI: 8.9-12.6 months). Patients experienced grade 1 (53.7%), grade 2 (35.9%), grade 3 (9.9%), grade 4 (0.2%) adverse events (AEs). The most common AEs of any grade were stomatitis, mucositis (53.8%), rash, exanthema (29.7%), loss of appetite, nausea (28.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Real-world safety and efficacy data from STEPAUT were consistent with results from BOLERO-2, supporting everolimus plus exemestane as a suitable treatment option for HR+, HER2- ABC recurring/progressing on/after NSAIs.


Assuntos
Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Idoso , Áustria/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pós-Menopausa , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
6.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(9): 2737-2744, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647078

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Brain metastases (BMs) are a rare but devastating condition in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Although endocrine therapy (ET) is the mainstay of treatment in this disease subtype, only case reports have been published concerning the activity of ET in BMs henceforth. Therefore, we aimed to systematically investigate the impact of ET after diagnosis of BM on outcome and clinical course of disease in patients with ER-positive MBC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patient characteristics, detailed information about BMs including diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment class (DS-GPA), and clinical outcome were obtained by retrospective chart review for all patients treated for ER-positive breast cancer BMs between 1990 and 2017 at an academic care center. Overall survival (OS) was measured as the interval from diagnosis of BM until death or last date of follow-up. RESULTS: Overall, 198 patients [female: 195/198 (98.5%); male: 3/198 (1.5%)] with ER-positive breast cancer BMs were available for this analysis. Eighty-eight of 198 patients (44.4%) received ET after diagnosis of BM including aromatase inhibitors (AIs; letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane), tamoxifen, and fulvestrant. Median OS was significantly longer in patients receiving ET after diagnosis of BM compared with patients who did not (15 vs. 4 months, P < 0.001; log-rank test). No significant difference in terms of OS was observed between patients receiving AIs, tamoxifen, or fulvestrant. In patients with concomitant leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LC), ET prolonged median OS significantly as well (7 vs. 3 months, P = 0.012; log-rank test). In a multivariate analysis including DS-GPA and ET, only treatment with ET after diagnosis of BM (HR, 0.69; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-0.99; P = 0.046) was associated with prognosis (Cox regression model). CONCLUSIONS: Continuing ET after BM diagnosis was associated with a significantly prolonged OS in this large single-center cohort. No substantial differences between substances were observed. These findings should be validated in a prospective cohort.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Lobular/mortalidade , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
7.
Breast ; 37: 28-35, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29073497

RESUMO

Improvements in the survival of patients with breast cancer, together with a better understanding of the pathology of the disease, have led to the emergence of bone health as a key aspect of patient management. Patients with breast cancer are typically at risk of skeletal complications throughout their disease course. The receptor activator of nuclear factor κ B ligand (RANKL) inhibitor denosumab and bisphosphonates (e.g. zoledronic acid) are approved in Europe for the prevention of skeletal-related events (pathologic fracture, radiation or surgery to bone, and spinal cord compression) in adults with bone metastases secondary to solid tumours. These agents are also approved at lower doses for the treatment of patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, a population largely overlapping with those in the early stages of breast cancer, and those with cancer treatment-induced bone loss, which is caused primarily by aromatase inhibitors. In this review, we consider the evidence supporting the use of therapeutic agents to protect bone health throughout the course of breast cancer. Timing of treatment initiation, dose and treatment duration may prove to be barriers to the optimization of the practical use of these agents in the management of patients with breast cancer. Furthermore, with longer survival times, patients may expect to receive long-term treatment with denosumab or bisphosphonates, therefore consideration must be given to safety. Thus, we aim to summarize the recommendations for the use of these agents in management of patients with breast cancer in Europe. We also discuss the recent evidence for their potential antineoplastic effects.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Reabsorção Óssea/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/complicações , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Fraturas Espontâneas/etiologia , Fraturas Espontâneas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/prevenção & controle , Ácido Zoledrônico
8.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 18(1): e41-e47, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28666812

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Single-agent oral chemotherapy is widely used in patients with bone metastases without visceral involvement, especially in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer (mBC). However, this option has been poorly evaluated in clinical trials. METHODS: Eligible patients had mBC with predominantly bone but not visceral metastases, were receiving bisphosphonate therapy, and had previously received endocrine therapy (any setting) but not chemotherapy for mBC. Patients received oral vinorelbine 60 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 every 4 weeks (escalating to 80 mg/m2 from cycle 2 in the absence of grade 3/4 toxicity) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included clinical benefit rate (complete/partial response or ≥24 weeks' stable disease), overall survival, and safety. RESULTS: Seventy patients were treated for a median of 6 cycles (range 1-18). Most (73%) continued treatment until disease progression. After 43 months' median follow-up, median PFS was 8.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.5-9.8). The clinical benefit rate was 56% (95% CI, 43%-68%). Median overall survival was 35.2 months (95% CI, 26.8-47.1). The most common grade 3/4 adverse event was neutropenia (38% of patients); febrile neutropenia was absent. The most common grade 1/2 adverse events were bone pain, fatigue, and gastrointestinal toxicities. Alopecia was infrequent. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with hormone receptor-positive mBC, bone disease, and prior endocrine therapy, first-line oral vinorelbine chemotherapy demonstrated long PFS and good tolerability. In this setting, it could be considered as an active oral alternative to intravenous chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Vinorelbina/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neutropenia Febril Induzida por Quimioterapia/epidemiologia , Neutropenia Febril Induzida por Quimioterapia/etiologia , Progressão da Doença , Fadiga/induzido quimicamente , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 23(14): 3676-3683, 2017 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28143867

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate whether pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant trastuzumab is dependent on the level of HER2 amplification.Experimental Design: 114 HER2-overexpressing early breast cancer patients who had received neoadjuvant trastuzumab were included in this study. Absolute HER2 and chromosome 17 centromere (CEP17) were measured by in situ hybridization analysis, and associations were examined between HER2/CEP17 ratio and tumor pCR status (commonly defined by ypT0 ypN0, ypT0/is ypN0, and ypT0/is).Results: In trastuzumab-treated patients, ypT0 ypN0 was achieved in 69.0% of patients with high-level amplification (HER2/CEP17 ratio > 6), but only in 30.4% of tumors with low-level amplification (ratio ≤ 6; P = 0.001). When pCR was defined by ypT0/is ypN0 or ypTis, 75.9% and 82.8% of tumors with high-level amplification had a complete response, whereas only 39.1%, and 38.3% with low-level amplification achieved pCR (P = 0.002 and P < 0.001, respectively). Logistic regression revealed that tumors with high-level amplification had a significantly higher probability achieving ypT0 ypN0 (OR, 5.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.86-13.90; P = 0.002) than tumors with low-level amplification, whereas no other clinicopathologic parameters were predictive of pCR. The association between high-level HER2 amplification and pCR was almost exclusively confined to hormone receptor (HR)-positive tumors (ypT0 ypN0: 62.5% vs. 24.0%, P = 0.014; ypT0/is ypN0: 75.0% vs. 28.0%, P = 0.005; and ypT0/is: 87.5% vs. 28.0%, P < 0.001), and was largely absent in HR-negative tumors.Conclusions: An HER2/CEP17 ratio of >6 in the pretherapeutic tumor biopsy is associated with a significantly higher pCR rate, particularly in HER2/HR copositive tumors, and can be used as a biomarker to predict response before neoadjuvant trastuzumab is initiated. Clin Cancer Res; 23(14); 3676-83. ©2017 AACR.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Centrômero/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
11.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 17(2): 255-63, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26679057

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease comprising different biological subtypes. In two thirds of tumours, expression of steroid-receptors is present, allowing for targeted treatment with endocrine therapy. In metastatic breast cancer, sequential administration of different non-cross resistant drugs offers a chance to delay cytotoxic chemotherapy. Activity of endocrine therapy, however, decreases with time as indicated by a shorter progression-free survival interval with every further treatment line, suggesting onset of resistance. Current research therefore focuses on prevention or delay of resistance by combining endocrine therapy with other targeted treatment approaches such as small-molecule pathway-inhibitors. Indeed, combining the steroidal aromatase-inhibitor exemestane with the mTor-inhibitor everolimus doubles activity of endocrine therapy in a pretreated population albeit at the price of increased toxicity. Data from several clinical trials suggest that inhibitors of the cycline-dependent kinases (CDK) 4 and 6 are able to delay or reverse resistance to endocrine therapy as well, while tolerability may be superior. AREAS COVERED: This review provides a summary of clinical data on CDK 4/6 inhibitors, summarizes the biological rational for their use and provides an outlook to future developments in this field. A systematic literature search was performed in order to identify publications concerning the use of CDK 4/6 inhibitors in breast cancer. The search included original research articles, abstracts from major conferences and reviews published from 2005 to 2015 and was limited to English-language publications. EXPERT OPINION: Based upon available data regarding activity and tolerability, it is believed that CDK 4/6 inhibitors will evolve to become a valuable addition to the therapeutic options in metastatic breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Ensaios Clínicos Fase I como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Piperazinas/farmacocinética , Pós-Menopausa , Piridinas/farmacocinética , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Clin Exp Metastasis ; 32(7): 729-37, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26303828

RESUMO

Brain metastases (BM) are frequently diagnosed in metastatic Her2-positive breast cancer. Local treatment remains the standard of care but lapatinib plus capecitabine was recently established as systemic therapy option. Due to a disruption of the blood-brain/tumour-barrier at metastatic sites, even large molecules may penetrate into the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we report on the activity of T-DM1 in Her2-positive breast cancer BM. T-DM1 was administered at a dose of 3.6 mg once every 3 weeks as primary systemic therapy for BM or upon documented CNS progression after initial local treatment. Thus, this study allowed for the appraisal of T-DM1 activity in BM. Restaging was conducted every 12 weeks with MRI or whenever symptoms of disease progression occurred. Ten patients were included; in two asymptomatic subjects, T-DM1 was administered as primary therapy, while eight had progressive BM. All patients had received prior treatment with trastuzumab, six had already received lapatinib, and three pertuzumab as well. Three patients had partial remission of BM, and two patient had stable disease lasting for ≥6 months; two further patients had stable disease for <6 months while three progressed despite treatment. At 8.5 months median follow-up, intracranial PFS was 5 months, and median OS from initiation of T-DM1 was not reached. Local treatment of BM remains the standard of care; lapatinib plus capecitabine is currently the best established systemic therapy option. Still, T-DM1 apparently offers relevant clinical activity in BM and further investigation is warranted.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Maitansina/análogos & derivados , Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansina , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Maitansina/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/biossíntese , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trastuzumab
15.
Breast ; 23(5): 637-43, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25017122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, HER3-expression was postulated as independent risk factor for metastatic spread. Therefore, we investigated the role of HER3 expression as prognostic marker in metastatic breast cancer patients. METHODS: Patients of different breast cancer subtypes diagnosed with metastatic disease (visceral and/or brain metastases) were identified from a breast cancer database. Tissue samples of the respective primary tumors were retrieved, and immunohistochemical staining for estrogen-receptor, progesterone-receptor, HER2, and HER3 was performed. In HER2 equivocal and selected HER3 positive cases, subsequent fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis was performed. RESULTS: Tissue specimens of 110 patients were available for this analysis. 21% had strong, complete, membranous HER3 staining of at least 10% of all tumor cells; HER3 protein expression was not associated with HER3 gene amplification. HER2/HER3 co-overexpression was observed in 12/110 (11%) specimens and HER3-overexpression showed a statistically significant association with HER2-overexpression (p = 0.02). No correlation was observed for HER3-overexpression and overall survival (OS), time to diagnosis of brain metastases, and incidence of brain metastases. Still, in patients with HER3 overexpression, a higher rate of 'brain only' metastatic behavior was observed (p = 0.042). In the HER2-positive subgroup, HER3-overexpression was significantly associated with shorter OS from diagnosis of metastatic disease (median 17 vs. 35 months; p = 0.04; log rank test). CONCLUSIONS: HER2/HER3 co-overexpression is significantly associated with impaired OS from diagnosis of metastatic disease in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. Co-inhibition of HER2 and HER3 or the inhibition of HER2/HER3 hetero-dimerization may improve clinical outcome in this subgroup.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/secundário , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-3/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 73(4): 771-8, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24526178

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients without pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy have an unfavourable prognosis. TNBC harbouring BRCA-1 germline mutations may be less responsive to taxanes, while sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents is retained. A similar effect was seen in tumours with epigenetic BRCA-1 silencing. Patients without pCR to neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of epirubicin plus docetaxel routinely received post-operative CMF at our centre. Here, we investigated the effect of adjuvant CMF in patients with or without BRCA-1 methylation or TP53 mutation. METHODS: DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. For determining BRCA-1 methylation status, quantitative methylation-specific PCR was performed. For the investigation of TP53 mutation status, DNA was PCR amplified and sequenced by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were included; BRCA-1 methylation was present in 41.7 %, while TP53 mutations were observed in 66.7 %. At a median follow-up of 27.5 months, 20 % of patients with BRCA-1 methylation had a disease-free survival (DFS) event, as compared to 64.3 % in the non-methylated group (p = 0.0472). Median DFS in the non-methylated group was 16 months and was not reached in the methylated group (n.s.). No association TP53 mutation status with clinical outcome was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant CMF is of limited activity in TNBC refractory to taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In this population, BRCA-1 methylation was associated with a significant decrease in DFS events suggesting a better prognosis and potentially retained activity of DNA-damaging agents.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Metilação de DNA , Genes p53 , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Capecitabina , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/análogos & derivados , Genes BRCA1 , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Inclusão em Parafina , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
18.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 9(5): 344-8, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25759615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This retrospective analysis was planned as a direct comparison of taxanes plus trastuzumab to the less toxic combination of oral vinorelbine (OV) plus trastuzumab as a first-line therapy for metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 76) receiving either taxanes (group A) or OV (group B) in combination with trastuzumab were identified from a breast cancer database. Progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as the primary study endpoint; secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), response rate (RR), incidence of brain metastases, and brain metastases-free survival (BMFS). RESULTS: 36 patients received taxanes and 40 patients OV in combination with trastuzumab. At a median follow-up of 47.5 months, median PFS was 7 months (group A) and 9 months in group B (log-rank; non-significant), respective numbers for OS were 49 and 59 months (p = 0.033). The incidence of brain metastases did not differ significantly between the 2 treatment groups, whereas BMFS was significantly longer in patients receiving OV. CONCLUSIONS: OV plus trastuzumab yielded similar results in terms of PFS and RR and was superior in terms of OS and BMFS. These results add to the growing body of evidence that vinorelbine is a viable alternative to taxanes in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer.

19.
Lancet Oncol ; 14(10): 933-42, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23932548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy improves progression-free survival in metastatic breast cancer and pathological complete response rates in the neoadjuvant setting. Micrometastases are dependent on angiogenesis, suggesting that patients might benefit from anti-angiogenic strategies in the adjuvant setting. We therefore assessed the addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy in the adjuvant setting for women with triple-negative breast cancer. METHODS: For this open-label, randomised phase 3 trial we recruited patients with centrally confirmed triple-negative operable primary invasive breast cancer from 360 sites in 37 countries. We randomly allocated patients aged 18 years or older (1:1 with block randomisation; stratified by nodal status, chemotherapy [with an anthracycline, taxane, or both], hormone receptor status [negative vs low], and type of surgery) to receive a minimum of four cycles of chemotherapy either alone or with bevacizumab (equivalent of 5 mg/kg every week for 1 year). The primary endpoint was invasive disease-free survival (IDFS). Efficacy analyses were based on the intention-to-treat population, safety analyses were done on all patients who received at least one dose of study drug, and plasma biomarker analyses were done on all treated patients consenting to biomarker analyses and providing a measurable baseline plasma sample. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00528567. FINDINGS: Between Dec 3, 2007, and March 8, 2010, we randomly assigned 1290 patients to receive chemotherapy alone and 1301 to receive bevacizumab plus chemotherapy. Most patients received anthracycline-containing therapy; 1638 (63%) of the 2591 patients had node-negative disease. At the time of analysis of IDFS, median follow-up was 31·5 months (IQR 25·6-36·8) in the chemotherapy-alone group and 32·0 months (27·5-36·9) in the bevacizumab group. At the time of the primary analysis, IDFS events had been reported in 205 patients (16%) in the chemotherapy-alone group and in 188 patients (14%) in the bevacizumab group (hazard ratio [HR] in stratified log-rank analysis 0·87, 95% CI 0·72-1·07; p=0·18). 3-year IDFS was 82·7% (95% CI 80·5-85·0) with chemotherapy alone and 83·7% (81·4-86·0) with bevacizumab and chemotherapy. After 200 deaths, no difference in overall survival was noted between the groups (HR 0·84, 95% CI 0·64-1·12; p=0·23). Exploratory biomarker assessment suggests that patients with high pre-treatment plasma VEGFR-2 might benefit from the addition of bevacizumab (Cox interaction test p=0·029). Use of bevacizumab versus chemotherapy alone was associated with increased incidences of grade 3 or worse hypertension (154 patients [12%] vs eight patients [1%]), severe cardiac events occurring at any point during the 18-month safety reporting period (19 [1%] vs two [<0·5%]), and treatment discontinuation (bevacizumab, chemotherapy, or both; 256 [20%] vs 30 [2%]); we recorded no increase in fatal adverse events with bevacizumab (four [<0·5%] vs three [<0·5%]). INTERPRETATION: Bevacizumab cannot be recommended as adjuvant treatment in unselected patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Further follow-up is needed to assess the potential effect of bevacizumab on overall survival.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Receptores de Estrogênio/análise , Receptores de Progesterona/análise , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue
20.
Breast J ; 19(2): 149-55, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23350584

RESUMO

Upon disease progression on trastuzumab-based therapy, patients with HER-2 positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) may switch to lapatinib or continue on trastuzumab. We aimed to assess the impact of both strategies on overall survival (OS) in all patients treated for HER-2 positive MBC at the Medical University Vienna from 1999 until 2009. A total of 201 patients were identified from a breast cancer data base. Of these 115 (57.2%) received multiple lines of trastuzumab-based therapy, whereas 58 (28.9%) were treated with a single line. A control group of 28 patients (13.9%) had never received trastuzumab as they were treated before 1999, when trastuzumab was registered. OS from diagnosis of metastatic disease was defined as primary study endpoint. Trastuzumab significantly prolonged OS in HER-2 positive MBC (41 versus 13 months; p < 0.001). Administration of multiple lines further improved OS; this, however, did not reach statistical significance (47 versus 28 months; p = 0.069). Positive estrogen receptor (ER) status (HR 1.6; 95% CI 1.13-2.27) was associated with better outcome compared to negative estrogen receptor status (p = 0.02). Addition of lapatinib did not improve OS significantly in patients with prior trastuzumab-based therapy (62 versus 47 months; p = n.s.). Patients receiving lapatinib after diagnosis of BM, however, experienced an improvement of OS (22 versus 5 months; p = 0.022). Trastuzumab improves OS in patients with HER-2 positive MBC with further nonsignificant improvement when administered in multiple lines. Lapatinib did not further improve OS in the entire population; however, lapatinib might improve OS in patients with BM.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lapatinib , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quinazolinas/efeitos adversos , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Trastuzumab , Resultado do Tratamento
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