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1.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This phase II study determined the efficacy of lacnotuzumab added to gemcitabine plus carboplatin (gem-carbo) in patients with advanced triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Female patients with advanced TNBC, with high levels of tumor-associated macrophages not amenable to curative treatment by surgery or radiotherapy were enrolled. Lacnotuzumab was dosed at 10 mg/kg every 3 weeks, ± a dose on cycle 1, day 8. Gemcitabine (1,000 mg/m2) and carboplatin (dose in mg calculated by area under the curve [mg/mL/min] × (glomerular filtration rate [mL/min] + 25 [mL/min]) were dosed every 3 weeks. Treatment continued until unacceptable toxicity, disease progression, or discontinuation by physician/patient. RESULTS: Patients received lacnotuzumab + gem-carbo (n = 34) or gem-carbo (n = 15). Enrollment was halted due to recruitment challenges owing to rapid evolution of the therapeutic landscape; formal hypothesis testing of the primary endpoint was therefore not performed. Median progression-free survival was 5.6 months [90% confidence interval (CI), 4.47-8.64] in the lacnotuzumab + gem-carbo arm and 5.5 months (90% CI, 3.45-7.46) in the gem-carbo arm. Hematologic adverse events were common in both treatment arms; however, patients treated with lacnotuzumab experienced more frequent aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and creatine kinase elevations. Pharmacokinetic results showed that free lacnotuzumab at 10 mg/kg exhibited a typical IgG pharmacokinetic profile and target engagement of circulating colony-stimulating factor 1 ligand. CONCLUSIONS: Despite successful target engagement and anticipated pharmacokinetic profile, lacnotuzumab + gem-carbo showed comparable antitumor activity to gem-carbo alone, with slightly poorer tolerability. However, the data presented in this article would be informative for future studies testing agents targeting the CSF1-CSF1 receptor pathway in TNBC.

2.
N Engl J Med ; 385(5): 395-405, 2021 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, the most effective duration for adjuvant therapy with an aromatase inhibitor remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy to receive the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for an additional 2 years (2-year group, receiving a total of 7 years) or an additional 5 years (5-year group, receiving a total of 10 years). The primary end point was disease-free survival. The primary analysis included all the patients who were still participating in the trial and who had no recurrence 2 years after randomization (i.e., when treatment in the 2-year group had ended). Secondary end points were overall survival, contralateral breast cancer, second primary cancer, and clinical bone fracture. RESULTS: Among the 3484 women who were enrolled in the trial, 3208 remained in the trial without disease progression after the first 2 years of extended anastrozole treatment following randomization. Among these women, disease progression or death occurred in 335 women in each treatment group in the primary-analysis set at 8 years (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.15; P = 0.90). No between-group differences occurred in most secondary end points, and subgroup analyses did not indicate differences in any particular subgroup. The risk of clinical bone fracture was higher in the 5-year group than in the 2-year group (hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.84). CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy, extending hormone therapy by 5 years provided no benefit over a 2-year extension but was associated with a greater risk of bone fracture. (Funded by AstraZeneca and the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group; ABCSG-16/SALSA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00295620.).


Assuntos
Anastrozol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anastrozol/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Estrogênio , Receptores de Progesterona , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
3.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 29(10): 728-733, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgen receptor (AR) expression is a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer (BC) as it is frequently expressed in the luminal A and B subtypes and in approximately one third of basal-like cancers. As AR-positive BC displays a distinct biological behavior, we aimed to analyze AR expression in the particular context of BC brain metastases (BM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed BC BM treated with neurosurgical resection were identified from the Vienna Brain Metastasis Registry and clinical data including patient characteristics, biological tumor subtypes and overall survival were obtained by retrospective chart review. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimen containing BM tissue were retrieved from the Neuro-Biobank. Immunohistochemical staining of AR was performed and AR expression in the tumor-cell nucleus was evaluated. RESULTS: Fifty-seven BM samples from 57 individual patients with BC were available for this analysis. AR expression of ≥1% tumor cells was evident in 20/57 (35.1%) BM specimens; the median AR-expression rate was 10% (range: 1% to 60%). AR expression was observed in 11/21 (52.4%) BM of the luminal/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative subtype, 3/13 (23.1%) of the luminal/HER2-positive subtype, 2/7 (28.6%) of the HER2-positive subtype and 4/16 (25.0%) of the triple-negative subtype (P=0.247). Median survival from diagnosis of BM was 10 months (range: 0 to 104 mo) in the entire cohort. No significant association of overall survival and AR expression ≥1% was observed (15 vs. 13 mo; P>0.05). CONCLUSION: AR is expressed in more than one third of BC BM with the highest rates among the luminal/HER2-negative BC subtype and may therefore be a potential prognostic and predictive biomarker in this particular BC population.

4.
N Engl J Med ; 384(25): 2394-2405, 2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase inhibitors target cancers with defects in homologous recombination repair by synthetic lethality. New therapies are needed to reduce recurrence in patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutation-associated early breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a phase 3, double-blind, randomized trial involving patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early breast cancer with BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants and high-risk clinicopathological factors who had received local treatment and neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients were randomly assigned (in a 1:1 ratio) to 1 year of oral olaparib or placebo. The primary end point was invasive disease-free survival. RESULTS: A total of 1836 patients underwent randomization. At a prespecified event-driven interim analysis with a median follow-up of 2.5 years, the 3-year invasive disease-free survival was 85.9% in the olaparib group and 77.1% in the placebo group (difference, 8.8 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.5 to 13.0; hazard ratio for invasive disease or death, 0.58; 99.5% CI, 0.41 to 0.82; P<0.001). The 3-year distant disease-free survival was 87.5% in the olaparib group and 80.4% in the placebo group (difference, 7.1 percentage points; 95% CI, 3.0 to 11.1; hazard ratio for distant disease or death, 0.57; 99.5% CI, 0.39 to 0.83; P<0.001). Olaparib was associated with fewer deaths than placebo (59 and 86, respectively) (hazard ratio, 0.68; 99% CI, 0.44 to 1.05; P = 0.02); however, the between-group difference was not significant at an interim-analysis boundary of a P value of less than 0.01. Safety data were consistent with known side effects of olaparib, with no excess serious adverse events or adverse events of special interest. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with high-risk, HER2-negative early breast cancer and germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants, adjuvant olaparib after completion of local treatment and neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with significantly longer survival free of invasive or distant disease than was placebo. Olaparib had limited effects on global patient-reported quality of life. (Funded by the National Cancer Institute and AstraZeneca; OlympiA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02032823.).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Ftalazinas/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ftalazinas/efeitos adversos , Piperazinas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/efeitos adversos , Receptor ErbB-2
5.
Breast ; 50: 64-70, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: STEPAUT, an Austrian non-interventional study, evaluated the safety and efficacy of everolimus plus exemestane in patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC) recurring/progressing on/after nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors (NSAIs) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: Postmenopausal women with HR+, HER2- ABC progressing on/after NSAIs receiving everolimus plus exemestane in accordance with routine practice and the current version of Summary of Product Characteristics were eligible. Planned individual observation period corresponded to the duration of treatment until formal study end. RESULTS: Overall, 236 patients (median age: 65 years) were enrolled at 17 sites across Austria. The median progression-free survival (mPFS) in the overall population was 9.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.6-10.7 months). The mPFS (95% CI) in patients who received everolimus 10 and 5 mg was 9.9 months (7.3-11.5 months) and 8 months (4.7-10.7 months), respectively. The median time to progression was numerically longer in patients who had a therapy break (11.9 months, 95% CI: 10.0-14.6 months) versus those who did not have any therapy break (10.7 months, 95% CI: 8.9-12.6 months). Patients experienced grade 1 (53.7%), grade 2 (35.9%), grade 3 (9.9%), grade 4 (0.2%) adverse events (AEs). The most common AEs of any grade were stomatitis, mucositis (53.8%), rash, exanthema (29.7%), loss of appetite, nausea (28.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Real-world safety and efficacy data from STEPAUT were consistent with results from BOLERO-2, supporting everolimus plus exemestane as a suitable treatment option for HR+, HER2- ABC recurring/progressing on/after NSAIs.


Assuntos
Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Idoso , Áustria/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pós-Menopausa , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
6.
Cancer ; 126(6): 1175-1182, 2020 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dose-dense (DD) adjuvant chemotherapy improves outcomes in early breast cancer (BC). However, there are no phase 3 randomized data to inform on its combination with trastuzumab for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive disease. METHODS: This was a protocol-predefined secondary analysis of the randomized phase 3 Pan-European Tailored Chemotherapy (PANTHER) trial. Women 65 years old or younger with node-positive or high-risk, node-negative BC were randomized 1:1 to either tailored (according to hematologic nadirs) and DD epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel or standard 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide plus docetaxel every 3 weeks. Patients with HER2-positive disease received 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab. The primary endpoint was BC relapse-free survival. In addition, HER2-positive patients and an equal number of HER2-negative patients matched for age, treatment group, and institution who were enrolled at Swedish sites were asked to participate in a predefined study of cardiac safety and underwent echocardiography or multigated acquisition scanning and electrocardiography at the baseline and at 4 and 6 years of follow-up. RESULTS: There were 342 HER2-positive patients; 335 received at least 1 dose of trastuzumab, and 29 patients discontinued trastuzumab prematurely. Relapse-free survival was not statistically significantly in favor of the tailored and DD group (hazard ratio, 0.68; 95% confidence interval, 0.37-1.27; P = .231). Cardiac outcomes after 4 and 6 years of follow-up did not differ significantly between HER2-positive and HER2-negative patients or between the 2 treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of DD chemotherapy and trastuzumab decreased the relative risk for relapse by 32% in comparison with standard treatment, a statistically nonsignificant difference. Its efficacy and safety merit further evaluation as part of both escalation and de-escalation strategies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Intervalos de Confiança , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Epirubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(9): 2737-2744, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647078

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Brain metastases (BMs) are a rare but devastating condition in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Although endocrine therapy (ET) is the mainstay of treatment in this disease subtype, only case reports have been published concerning the activity of ET in BMs henceforth. Therefore, we aimed to systematically investigate the impact of ET after diagnosis of BM on outcome and clinical course of disease in patients with ER-positive MBC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patient characteristics, detailed information about BMs including diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment class (DS-GPA), and clinical outcome were obtained by retrospective chart review for all patients treated for ER-positive breast cancer BMs between 1990 and 2017 at an academic care center. Overall survival (OS) was measured as the interval from diagnosis of BM until death or last date of follow-up. RESULTS: Overall, 198 patients [female: 195/198 (98.5%); male: 3/198 (1.5%)] with ER-positive breast cancer BMs were available for this analysis. Eighty-eight of 198 patients (44.4%) received ET after diagnosis of BM including aromatase inhibitors (AIs; letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane), tamoxifen, and fulvestrant. Median OS was significantly longer in patients receiving ET after diagnosis of BM compared with patients who did not (15 vs. 4 months, P < 0.001; log-rank test). No significant difference in terms of OS was observed between patients receiving AIs, tamoxifen, or fulvestrant. In patients with concomitant leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LC), ET prolonged median OS significantly as well (7 vs. 3 months, P = 0.012; log-rank test). In a multivariate analysis including DS-GPA and ET, only treatment with ET after diagnosis of BM (HR, 0.69; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-0.99; P = 0.046) was associated with prognosis (Cox regression model). CONCLUSIONS: Continuing ET after BM diagnosis was associated with a significantly prolonged OS in this large single-center cohort. No substantial differences between substances were observed. These findings should be validated in a prospective cohort.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Lobular/mortalidade , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
8.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 18(1): e41-e47, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28666812

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Single-agent oral chemotherapy is widely used in patients with bone metastases without visceral involvement, especially in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer (mBC). However, this option has been poorly evaluated in clinical trials. METHODS: Eligible patients had mBC with predominantly bone but not visceral metastases, were receiving bisphosphonate therapy, and had previously received endocrine therapy (any setting) but not chemotherapy for mBC. Patients received oral vinorelbine 60 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 every 4 weeks (escalating to 80 mg/m2 from cycle 2 in the absence of grade 3/4 toxicity) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included clinical benefit rate (complete/partial response or ≥24 weeks' stable disease), overall survival, and safety. RESULTS: Seventy patients were treated for a median of 6 cycles (range 1-18). Most (73%) continued treatment until disease progression. After 43 months' median follow-up, median PFS was 8.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.5-9.8). The clinical benefit rate was 56% (95% CI, 43%-68%). Median overall survival was 35.2 months (95% CI, 26.8-47.1). The most common grade 3/4 adverse event was neutropenia (38% of patients); febrile neutropenia was absent. The most common grade 1/2 adverse events were bone pain, fatigue, and gastrointestinal toxicities. Alopecia was infrequent. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with hormone receptor-positive mBC, bone disease, and prior endocrine therapy, first-line oral vinorelbine chemotherapy demonstrated long PFS and good tolerability. In this setting, it could be considered as an active oral alternative to intravenous chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Vinorelbina/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neutropenia Febril Induzida por Quimioterapia/epidemiologia , Neutropenia Febril Induzida por Quimioterapia/etiologia , Progressão da Doença , Fadiga/induzido quimicamente , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Breast ; 37: 28-35, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29073497

RESUMO

Improvements in the survival of patients with breast cancer, together with a better understanding of the pathology of the disease, have led to the emergence of bone health as a key aspect of patient management. Patients with breast cancer are typically at risk of skeletal complications throughout their disease course. The receptor activator of nuclear factor κ B ligand (RANKL) inhibitor denosumab and bisphosphonates (e.g. zoledronic acid) are approved in Europe for the prevention of skeletal-related events (pathologic fracture, radiation or surgery to bone, and spinal cord compression) in adults with bone metastases secondary to solid tumours. These agents are also approved at lower doses for the treatment of patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, a population largely overlapping with those in the early stages of breast cancer, and those with cancer treatment-induced bone loss, which is caused primarily by aromatase inhibitors. In this review, we consider the evidence supporting the use of therapeutic agents to protect bone health throughout the course of breast cancer. Timing of treatment initiation, dose and treatment duration may prove to be barriers to the optimization of the practical use of these agents in the management of patients with breast cancer. Furthermore, with longer survival times, patients may expect to receive long-term treatment with denosumab or bisphosphonates, therefore consideration must be given to safety. Thus, we aim to summarize the recommendations for the use of these agents in management of patients with breast cancer in Europe. We also discuss the recent evidence for their potential antineoplastic effects.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Reabsorção Óssea/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/complicações , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Fraturas Espontâneas/etiologia , Fraturas Espontâneas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/prevenção & controle , Ácido Zoledrônico
10.
Eur J Cancer ; 85: 133-145, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28923573

RESUMO

AIM: The Neoadjuvant PI3K inhibition in HER2 OverExpressing Breast cancEr (NeoPHOEBE) trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of buparlisib, a pan-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, plus trastuzumab and paclitaxel as neoadjuvant treatment for human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 positive (HER2+) breast cancer. METHODS: NeoPHOEBE was a neoadjuvant, phase II, randomised, double-blind study. Women with HER2+ breast cancer were randomised within two independent cohorts by PIK3CA mutation status and, in each cohort stratified by oestrogen receptor (ER) status to receive buparlisib or placebo plus trastuzumab (first 6 weeks) followed by buparlisib or placebo with trastuzumab and paclitaxel. Primary end-point was pathological complete response (pCR) rate; key secondary end-point was objective response rate (ORR) at 6 weeks. Exploratory end-points were evaluation of Ki67 levels and change in tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in intermediate biopsies at day 15. RESULTS: Recruitment was suspended mainly due to liver toxicity after enrolment of 50 of the planned 256 patients. In each arm (buparlisib n = 25; placebo n = 25) 21 patients (84%) had wild type PIK3CA and 4 patients (16%) had mutant PIK3CA. Overall, pCR rate was similar between buparlisib and placebo arms (32.0% versus 40%; one-sided P = 0.811). A trend towards higher ORR (68.8% versus 33.3%; P = 0.053) and a significant decrease in Ki67 (75% versus 26.7%; P = 0.021) was observed in buparlisib versus placebo arm in the ER+ subgroup (Pinteraction = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Addition of the pan-PI3K inhibitor buparlisib to taxane-trastuzumab-based therapy in HER2+ early breast cancer was not feasible. However, the higher ORR and Ki67 reduction in the ER+, HER2+ subgroup indicates a potential role for PI3K-targeted therapy in this setting and may warrant further investigation with better-tolerated second-generation PI3K inhibitors. TRIAL REGISTRATION IDENTIFIER: NCT01816594.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Morfolinas/administração & dosagem , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Aminopiridinas/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Austrália , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biópsia , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Método Duplo-Cego , Término Precoce de Ensaios Clínicos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfolinas/efeitos adversos , Mutação , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Clin Cancer Res ; 23(14): 3676-3683, 2017 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28143867

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate whether pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant trastuzumab is dependent on the level of HER2 amplification.Experimental Design: 114 HER2-overexpressing early breast cancer patients who had received neoadjuvant trastuzumab were included in this study. Absolute HER2 and chromosome 17 centromere (CEP17) were measured by in situ hybridization analysis, and associations were examined between HER2/CEP17 ratio and tumor pCR status (commonly defined by ypT0 ypN0, ypT0/is ypN0, and ypT0/is).Results: In trastuzumab-treated patients, ypT0 ypN0 was achieved in 69.0% of patients with high-level amplification (HER2/CEP17 ratio > 6), but only in 30.4% of tumors with low-level amplification (ratio ≤ 6; P = 0.001). When pCR was defined by ypT0/is ypN0 or ypTis, 75.9% and 82.8% of tumors with high-level amplification had a complete response, whereas only 39.1%, and 38.3% with low-level amplification achieved pCR (P = 0.002 and P < 0.001, respectively). Logistic regression revealed that tumors with high-level amplification had a significantly higher probability achieving ypT0 ypN0 (OR, 5.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.86-13.90; P = 0.002) than tumors with low-level amplification, whereas no other clinicopathologic parameters were predictive of pCR. The association between high-level HER2 amplification and pCR was almost exclusively confined to hormone receptor (HR)-positive tumors (ypT0 ypN0: 62.5% vs. 24.0%, P = 0.014; ypT0/is ypN0: 75.0% vs. 28.0%, P = 0.005; and ypT0/is: 87.5% vs. 28.0%, P < 0.001), and was largely absent in HR-negative tumors.Conclusions: An HER2/CEP17 ratio of >6 in the pretherapeutic tumor biopsy is associated with a significantly higher pCR rate, particularly in HER2/HR copositive tumors, and can be used as a biomarker to predict response before neoadjuvant trastuzumab is initiated. Clin Cancer Res; 23(14); 3676-83. ©2017 AACR.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Centrômero/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
12.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 7(4): 588-94, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27563449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advanced cholangiocellular carcinoma has a poor prognosis with limited therapeutic options. Nab-paclitaxel has recently been described to be beneficial in metastatic pancreatic cancer improving overall and progression free survival (PFS). The potential antitumor activity of nab-paclitaxel in cholangiocellular carcinoma is hitherto unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed an institutional cholangiocellular carcinoma registry to determine the potential biological activity of nab-paclitaxel in advanced intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma. Disease control rate (DCR), PFS and overall survival (OS) upon nab-paclitaxel based treatment, after failure of platinum-containing first-line combination chemotherapy, was assessed. RESULTS: Twelve patients were identified. Five of 12 patients (42%) received nab-paclitaxel as second line, and 7 patients (56%) as third-line treatment. The objective DCR with nab-paclitaxel was 83% (10/12 patients). One patient had a complete remission (CR), two patients had a partial remission (PR) and 7 patients had stable disease (SD). Disease was rated progressive in two patients. In all 12 patients receiving nab-paclitaxel the median time to progression was 6 months (range, 2.1-19.5 months). Median OS after initiation of nab-paclitaxel treatment was 9 months (2.1-28.4 months). The median time of survival after diagnosis of advanced disease was 21.5 months, whereby 3 patients were alive at the date of censoring (04/01/2015). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report suggesting substantial antitumor activity of nab-paclitaxel in advanced cholangiocellular carcinoma. In this small series, nab-paclitaxel based salvage chemotherapy appears to have a biological activity by controlling the disease and positively affecting survival. Randomized trials in this disease entity and subgroup of patients are urged.

13.
Cancer Med ; 5(9): 2350-8, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27457217

RESUMO

The response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients is usually assessed by pCR and RCB score. However, the prognostic value of these parameters is still in discussion. We showed recently that an epirubicin/docetaxel therapy is associated with an increase in the cell death marker high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) in the circulation. Here, we investigate whether this increase correlates with the long-term outcome. Thirty-six early breast cancer patients under neoadjuvant epirubicin/docetaxel combination chemotherapy were included in this study. To determine the immediate effect of this treatment on HMGB1, we collected blood samples before and 24-96 h after the initial dose. This time course was then compared to the 5-year follow-up of the patients. HMGB1 levels varied before chemotherapy between 4.1 and 11.3 ng/mL and reacted differently in response to therapy. Some patients showed an increase while others did not show any changes. Therefore, we subdivided the patient collective into two groups: patients with an at least 1.1 ng/mL increase in HMGB1 and patients with smaller changes. The disease-free survival was longer in the HMGB1 increase group (56.2 months vs. 46.6 months), but this difference did not reach significance. The overall survival (OS) was significantly better in patients with an increase in HMGB1 (log rank P = 0.021). These data suggest that an immediate increase in HMGB1 levels correlates with improved outcome in early breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and may be a valuable complementary biomarker for early estimation of prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Proteína HMGB1/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lactato Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 17(2): 255-63, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26679057

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease comprising different biological subtypes. In two thirds of tumours, expression of steroid-receptors is present, allowing for targeted treatment with endocrine therapy. In metastatic breast cancer, sequential administration of different non-cross resistant drugs offers a chance to delay cytotoxic chemotherapy. Activity of endocrine therapy, however, decreases with time as indicated by a shorter progression-free survival interval with every further treatment line, suggesting onset of resistance. Current research therefore focuses on prevention or delay of resistance by combining endocrine therapy with other targeted treatment approaches such as small-molecule pathway-inhibitors. Indeed, combining the steroidal aromatase-inhibitor exemestane with the mTor-inhibitor everolimus doubles activity of endocrine therapy in a pretreated population albeit at the price of increased toxicity. Data from several clinical trials suggest that inhibitors of the cycline-dependent kinases (CDK) 4 and 6 are able to delay or reverse resistance to endocrine therapy as well, while tolerability may be superior. AREAS COVERED: This review provides a summary of clinical data on CDK 4/6 inhibitors, summarizes the biological rational for their use and provides an outlook to future developments in this field. A systematic literature search was performed in order to identify publications concerning the use of CDK 4/6 inhibitors in breast cancer. The search included original research articles, abstracts from major conferences and reviews published from 2005 to 2015 and was limited to English-language publications. EXPERT OPINION: Based upon available data regarding activity and tolerability, it is believed that CDK 4/6 inhibitors will evolve to become a valuable addition to the therapeutic options in metastatic breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Ensaios Clínicos Fase I como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Piperazinas/farmacocinética , Pós-Menopausa , Piridinas/farmacocinética , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Clin Exp Metastasis ; 32(7): 729-37, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26303828

RESUMO

Brain metastases (BM) are frequently diagnosed in metastatic Her2-positive breast cancer. Local treatment remains the standard of care but lapatinib plus capecitabine was recently established as systemic therapy option. Due to a disruption of the blood-brain/tumour-barrier at metastatic sites, even large molecules may penetrate into the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we report on the activity of T-DM1 in Her2-positive breast cancer BM. T-DM1 was administered at a dose of 3.6 mg once every 3 weeks as primary systemic therapy for BM or upon documented CNS progression after initial local treatment. Thus, this study allowed for the appraisal of T-DM1 activity in BM. Restaging was conducted every 12 weeks with MRI or whenever symptoms of disease progression occurred. Ten patients were included; in two asymptomatic subjects, T-DM1 was administered as primary therapy, while eight had progressive BM. All patients had received prior treatment with trastuzumab, six had already received lapatinib, and three pertuzumab as well. Three patients had partial remission of BM, and two patient had stable disease lasting for ≥6 months; two further patients had stable disease for <6 months while three progressed despite treatment. At 8.5 months median follow-up, intracranial PFS was 5 months, and median OS from initiation of T-DM1 was not reached. Local treatment of BM remains the standard of care; lapatinib plus capecitabine is currently the best established systemic therapy option. Still, T-DM1 apparently offers relevant clinical activity in BM and further investigation is warranted.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Maitansina/análogos & derivados , Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansina , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Maitansina/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/biossíntese , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trastuzumab
18.
Med Oncol ; 32(10): 236, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26315712

RESUMO

Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a potentially fatal complication of chemotherapy. This prospective, observational study describes physicians' approaches toward assessing FN risk in patients receiving chemotherapy regimens with an intermediate (10-20 %) FN risk. In the baseline investigator assessment, physicians selected factors considered important when assessing overall FN risk and deciding on granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) primary prophylaxis (PP). Physicians then completed patient assessments using the same lists of factors. The final FN risk scores and whether G-CSF PP was planned were reported. The final analysis included 165 physicians and 944 patients. The most frequently considered factor in both assessments was chemotherapy agents in the backbone (88 % of investigator and 93 % of patient assessments). History of FN (83 %), baseline laboratory values (76 %) and age (73 %) were commonly selected at baseline, whereas tumor type (72 %), guidelines (62 %) and tumor stage (43 %) were selected most during patient assessments. Median investigator-reported FN risk threshold for G-CSF PP was 20 % (range 10-85 %). G-CSF PP was planned in 82 % of patients with an FN risk at or above this threshold; therefore, almost one-fifth of qualifying patients would not receive G-CSF PP. Physicians generally follow guidelines, but also consider individual patient characteristics when assessing FN risk and deciding on G-CSF PP. A standardized FN risk assessment may optimize the use of G-CSF PP, which may minimize the incidence of FN in patients undergoing chemotherapy with an intermediate FN risk. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01813721.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Neutropenia Febril/prevenção & controle , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neutropenia Febril/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Médicos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Breast ; 23(5): 637-43, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25017122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, HER3-expression was postulated as independent risk factor for metastatic spread. Therefore, we investigated the role of HER3 expression as prognostic marker in metastatic breast cancer patients. METHODS: Patients of different breast cancer subtypes diagnosed with metastatic disease (visceral and/or brain metastases) were identified from a breast cancer database. Tissue samples of the respective primary tumors were retrieved, and immunohistochemical staining for estrogen-receptor, progesterone-receptor, HER2, and HER3 was performed. In HER2 equivocal and selected HER3 positive cases, subsequent fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis was performed. RESULTS: Tissue specimens of 110 patients were available for this analysis. 21% had strong, complete, membranous HER3 staining of at least 10% of all tumor cells; HER3 protein expression was not associated with HER3 gene amplification. HER2/HER3 co-overexpression was observed in 12/110 (11%) specimens and HER3-overexpression showed a statistically significant association with HER2-overexpression (p = 0.02). No correlation was observed for HER3-overexpression and overall survival (OS), time to diagnosis of brain metastases, and incidence of brain metastases. Still, in patients with HER3 overexpression, a higher rate of 'brain only' metastatic behavior was observed (p = 0.042). In the HER2-positive subgroup, HER3-overexpression was significantly associated with shorter OS from diagnosis of metastatic disease (median 17 vs. 35 months; p = 0.04; log rank test). CONCLUSIONS: HER2/HER3 co-overexpression is significantly associated with impaired OS from diagnosis of metastatic disease in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. Co-inhibition of HER2 and HER3 or the inhibition of HER2/HER3 hetero-dimerization may improve clinical outcome in this subgroup.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/secundário , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-3/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
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