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1.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(8): 479-483, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the impact of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the incidence of hip fractures among older adults. OBJECTIVES: To compare the characteristics of patients with a hip fracture following a fall during the COVID-19 pandemic year and during the preceding year. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of older patients who had undergone surgery for hip fracture repair in a major 495-bed hospital located in northern central Israel following a fall. Characteristics of patients who had been hospitalized in 2020 (pandemic year, n=136) and in 2019 (non-pandemic year, n=151) were compared. RESULTS: During the pandemic year, patients were less likely to have fallen in a nursing facility, to have had muscle or balance problems, and to have had a history of falls and fractures following a fall. Moreover, the average length of stay (LOS) in the hospital was shorter; however, the average time from the injury to hospitalization was longer. Patients were less likely to have acquired a postoperative infection or to have died. During the pandemic year, postoperative infection was only associated with prolonged LOS. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic may have had a positive impact on the behavior of older adults as well as on the management of hip fracture patients. However, healthcare providers should be aware of the possible reluctance to seek care during a pandemic. Moreover, further research on the impact of the change in management during COVID-19 on hip fracture survival is warranted.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , COVID-19 , Fixação de Fratura , Fraturas do Quadril , Controle de Infecções , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fixação de Fratura/reabilitação , Fixação de Fratura/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Israel/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(8): 510-515, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, treatment for Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) went through radical changes: from the conservative non-weight bearing approach to a functional protocol. This functional protocol allows complete weight bearing after only 2 weeks by placing the foot in a plastic boot in tapered down equines and using interchangeable wedges under the heel. This change of approach has dramatically lowered the rate of re-rupture. OBJECTIVES: To describe our preliminary results with this functional protocol and to assess outcome measures in the functional conservative treatment. METHODS: The study comprised 15 people who were evaluated clinically and by sonograph. We measured calf circumference, ankle joint range of motion (ROM), and single-leg heel-rise test (SLHRT). In addition, standard scoring methods (Achilles Tendon Rupture Score and Physical Activity Scale) were examined. RESULTS: In our cohort 14 people successfully gained SLHRT. The mean Achilles Tendon Rupture Score functional questionnaire and Physical Activity Scale physical activity questionnaire score was 85.6 of 100, and 4.7 of 6, respectively. There were no significant differences in ankle ROM compared to the uninjured limb. There was statistically significant reduction in the calf circumference and soleus muscle thickness sonographically. CONCLUSIONS: It seems that the conservative functional treatment of ATR demonstrates good functional outcomes, with the patients returning to close to normal activity, although noted muscle wasting and weakness. This protocol presents a true alternative to surgery and should be considered for most non-insertional Achilles tendon tears.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Tendão do Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendão do Calcâneo/lesões , Tendão do Calcâneo/fisiopatologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Ruptura/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura/prevenção & controle , Ruptura/terapia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos dos Tendões/terapia , Ultrassonografia/métodos
3.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 33(3): 221-229, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096472

RESUMO

Searching for clinical manifestations of elder abuse may help healthcare professionals identify cases of elder abuse. The aim of the present study was to explore characteristics of older patients with fractures that increase the likelihood that the fracture was associated with abuse. This is a retrospective chart review study of 1,000 patients aged 65 and older who presented to an emergency department in northern-central Israel with a fracture during 2019. The chart review included participant characteristics - sociodemographic data, medical data, data regarding the fracture, and data on the presence of forensic markers of elder abuse in individual patients. Descriptive statistics and regression models were used for the analyses. Older age, presence of dementia, and hand and facial fractures were associated with the presence of forensic markers, and were also found to predict having at least one forensic factor. This study provides further support for the creation of clinical guidelines for identification of elder abuse.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Medicina Legal , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175970

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Under-vehicle explosions caused by improvised explosive devices (IED) came to the public's attention during armed conflicts. However, IEDs are also used by criminals in the civilian setting. This study aimed to determine the pattern of injury, medical management, and outcomes of civilians injured during under-vehicle explosions caused by IEDs. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study based on the Israeli National Trauma Registry of patients injured from under vehicle explosions caused by IEDs during 2006-2020. Injuries resulting from terror attacks and war were excluded. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. RESULTS: During the study period, 58 incidents were recorded, resulting in 74 patients who arrived alive to the hospitals and 17 who died on scene. Seventy-one (95.9%) were male with a median age of 32 years (IQR 24-42). 42% were severely injured (ISS ≥ 16). There was an average of 2.4 injured regions per patient, with extremity injuries being the most common (70.3%). Face (34%), abdomen (28%), and chest (22%) injuries were frequent. 45% were immediately transferred to the operating theatre, and 72% underwent at least one operation. Orthopedic surgeries were the most common interventions. 27 amputations were performed. CONCLUSIONS: Injuries caused by under-vehicle IEDs in civilian settings differ from those caused by IEDs used during military conflicts or acts of terrorism: they are associated with fewer victims per incident, more severe injuries, more truncal injuries, and more lower extremity injuries requiring amputations. This can be attributed to the lack of personal and vehicle protection, and the different explosive types.

5.
Harefuah ; 160(6): 358-360, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160151

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Both the direct and anterior approach (DAA) for total hip replacement (THR) surgery have gained much popularity in recent years. The suggested benefits of the muscle-sparing and nerve-sparing approach which could lead to a faster and easier recovery process, have led to an increase in the prevalence of the anterior approach in THR. These potential benefits have drawn the attention of both orthopaedic surgeons as well as patients as a faster return to their active lifestyle. While the potential advantages and benefits of the DAA for THR are obvious, several disadvantages have been highlighted over the years including technical pitfalls, a relatively long and steep learning curve and characteristic associated complications. In addition, while there has been a surge in published research involving the DAA in recent years, significant differences in terms of clinical outcomes in the mid and long term have not been evident. The current editorial explores the increasing popularity and utilization of the DAA in THR procedures and the various factors influencing it.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Antivirais , Humanos
6.
Injury ; 51(7): 1489-1496, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430195

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: All modern military jet aircraft are equipped with rocket-assisted ejection systems. Jet aircraft operate in the majority of the conflict regions throughout the world, and in nearly all modern countries during peacetime. Civilian and military emergency services may be called upon to treat aircrews that have ejected and should be familiar with the common injury patterns associated with aircraft ejection. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature were undertaken using the preferred reporting for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) methodology. Peer-reviewed journal and conference papers published between 1 January 1971 and 15 June 2019 were included. Our primary outcomes of interest were mortality and major injury rates. The I2 test was used to assess heterogeneity among the included studies, and data were pooled under random effects models. In addition, all ejection cases in the Israeli Air Force (IAF) between 1990 and 2019 were studied. The data were manually extracted from the accident records and the electronic medical records system. RESULTS: We identified 14 studies that included 1710 aircrew ejections. Heterogeneity was high (I2>75%). Pooled mean mortality and major injury rates were 10.5% (95% CI 6.8-14.8%) and 29.8% (95% CI 20.1-40.6%), respectively. The major injuries included spinal fractures (61.6%), extremity trauma (27.3%), and head trauma (8.9%). During the IAF study period, a total of 37 aircrew ejected from 26 IAF aircraft. The fatality rate was 5.4% and 18.9% suffered major injuries. CONCLUSIONS: Although ejection is lifesaving, it is associated with unique injury patterns that should be addressed during clinical evaluation. Because of their high prevalence, spinal precautions are paramount until spinal injury can be ruled out, generally by advanced imaging. Looking forward, injury patterns will continue to evolve in parallel with improving ejection seat systems.


Assuntos
Acidentes Aeronáuticos , Aeronaves , Militares , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Humanos , Israel , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
7.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227499, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain management and sedation are important aspects in the treatment of hospitalized patients, especially those mechanically ventilated. In many hospitals, such patients are treated not only in intensive care units, but also in other wards. In the nineteen eighties, numerous studies demonstrated a wide array of misconceptions and inadequate knowledge related to commonly used sedative, analgesics and muscle relaxants which may prevent appropriate treatment. Since these publications, multiple studies have shown that appropriate sedation and analgesia are associated with improved clinical outcomes, educational programs were developed and guidelines published. Whether the personnel's knowledge kept up with these changes is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the current rate of misconceptions and knowledge gaps regarding commonly used sedative, analgesic and neuromuscular drugs. METHODS: In this prospective, observational, cross-sectional survey, a questionnaire was e-mailed to physicians and nurses routinely treating mechanically ventilated patients in Rambam Health Care Campus (Haifa, Israel). RESULTS: 355 questionnaires were returned. 82.54% knew that midazolam has no analgesic effect. 71-72% were familiar with the sedative effect of opiates. 27% believed that propofol has analgesic properties and 30.52% thought that rocuronium has a sedative effect. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that although a lot has been done during the last decades in order to improve the treatment of critically ill patients, the rate of misconceptions regarding pharmacological characteristics of commonly used drugs is unacceptably high. We call for performance of similar surveys in other institutes and for immediate action to improve patients' care.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Midazolam/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Rocurônio/administração & dosagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29423316

RESUMO

Introduction: Central cord syndrome (CCS) is an injury to the center of the spinal cord. It is well known as a hyperextension injury, but it has never been described as a surfing injury. Our report describes this injury in detail. Case presentation: A 35-year-old male novice surfer presented to the emergency department with acute tetraplegia following falling off his surfboard and hitting sea floor at a shallow beach break. He was rescued by a fellow surfer while floating in the sea and unable to raise his head above sea level. Upon arrival at the hospital, tetraplegia and sensory deficits were noted. Radiological investigations showed advanced spinal stenosis at C4-6 levels. T2 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated myelopathy at C5-C6 level. He was diagnosed as having central cord syndrome, treated conservatively, and regained near full neurologic recovery after a month of rehabilitation. Discussion: Unique sport activities lead to unique injuries. It is important to accurately describe these injuries in order to create protective measures against them. Neurologic injuries in surfers are uncommon. With low-energy trauma, surfer's myelopathy is still the most common diagnosis, but central cord syndrome should be in the differential diagnosis.

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